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McElhinney L M - - 2012
Bat rabies cases in Europe are principally attributed to two lyssaviruses, namely European bat lyssavirus type 1 (EBLV-1) and European bat lyssavirus type 2 (EBLV-2). Between 1977 and 2011, 961 cases of bat rabies were reported to Rabies Bulletin Europe, with the vast majority (>97%) being attributed to EBLV-1. There ...
Ashman Eric J - - 2012
Since our previous editorial,(1) the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) has published over 110 therapeutic articles with level of evidence (LOE) statements. This is a significant first step in the AAN's goal of eventually incorporating LOE statements with other types of articles, such as diagnostic, prognostic, causation, and population screening ...
Huang X-F - - 2012
The authors investigated the clinicopathological characteristics of keratocystoma of the parotid gland. Two cases of parotid gland keratocystoma in the files of Nanjing Stomatological Hospital were analysed. These slowly growing parotid gland tumours occurred in two women aged 29 and 49 years. The cut surface showed multilocular cystic lesions filled ...
Ozgur Tumay - - 2011
PURPOSE: Mature cystic teratomas are the most common benign ovarian neoplasms. Our aim is to analyse these cases by pathologic and clinical findings in our centre with the view of updated knowledge. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In our study, 50 case reports diagnosed as mature cystic teratoma (or dermoid cyst) in ...
Reisman Jonathan S - - 2011
Necrotizing fasciitis due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa is rare. We report a case of monomicrobial Pseudomonas necrotizing fasciitis and review 37 cases in the literature. The mortality rate was 30%, and most infections occurred in the immunocompromised. Clinicians should consider empiric pseudomonal antibiotic coverage in the severely immunocompromised with potentially necrotizing ...
Hsieh Cheng-Ta - - 2011
Intradural lumbar cystic schwannomas are a very rare entity and only 10 case reports have been reported in the literature. The diagnosis and management remains a challenge for clinical physicians. Herein, we report a 51-year-old female presenting with lower back pain and radiating pain at the left upper thigh. Magnetic ...
Adalberto de Luz Reginaldo - - 2011
This article describes a postoperative endophthalmitis (POE) surveillance system in place in a specialized ophthalmologic center in São Paulo, Brazil. The study involved a review of medical records from 2004-2009, during which a total of 31,999 intraocular surgeries were performed. Nineteen of these cases fulfilled the criteria for POE, for ...
Gupta Shilpi Singh - - 2011
Cystic lymphangiomas are lymphatic malformations rather than true neoplasms. These are mainly childhood lesions. Involvement of the breast is extremely uncommon, and to the best of our knowledge only 17 such cases have been found in the literature. Breast involvement is even rarer in children, as only four of the ...
Xu Guo-Ping - - 2011
Splenic cystic lymphangioma is extremely rare, with very few cases reported until now. Here, we report a case of cystic lymphangioma of the spleen in a young woman who was admitted for evaluation of abdominal pain and a mass lasting for two years. We present this case with emphasis on ...
Ozdemir Halil - - 2011
Neonatal suppurative parotitis (NSP) is an uncommon disease. Information about the etiopathogenesis and management of the disease is very limited. Here, we describe a newborn who developed NSP due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa and who was treated successfully with antibiotics.
Yasunaga Masafumi - - 2011
Malignant transformation of a mature cystic teratoma of the ovary is rare, occurring in approximately 2% of all cases. The most common malignancy arising in mature cystic teratoma is squamous cell carcinoma. Much less frequently, the malignant transformation is represented by sarcomas. Dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma usually develops in bone. There has ...
Weber C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of hiatal hernias is incompletely understood. This study systematically reviewed the literature of hiatal hernias to provide an evidence-based explanation of the pathogenetic theories and to identify any risk factors at the molecular and cellular levels. METHODS: A systematic search of the Medline and Pubmed databases on ...
Hsu Y-F - - 2011
Incarcerated inguinal hernia is a common surgical indication in the emergency room. Delayed diagnosis can result in ischemic bowel or bowel perforation. The reported incarcerated contents include bowel loop, mesentery, omentum and, rarely, malignant lesions, such as lymphoma, metastatic tumors etc. We report a new case of primary spermatic cord ...
Antoniou Stavros A - - 2011
During the past few years, biologic meshes, primarily evolved for routine and complex cases of abdominal wall reconstruction, have been evaluated in clinical cases and experimental models. Although there is published experience on the use of small intestine submucosa and human cadaveric dermis in hiatal hernia repair with encouraging results, ...
Doi Hirokazu - - 2011
A parahiatal hernia, that occurs from muscular diaphragmatic defects causing separation from the esophageal hiatus, is rare. We treated a 68-year-old Japanese woman with the symptom of vomiting. Based on imaging studies (upper gastrointestinal studies, gastroscopy, contrast-enhanced computed tomography) we diagnosed parahiatal hernia. On laparoscopic surgery, the hernial orifice was ...
Moore Catherine Porter - - 2011
Torsion of the testicle is a well-recognized urological emergency. Torsion of the cryptorchid testicle, however, is described in the urology literature, but not well recognized in the emergency department. We discuss a case of a torsed cryptorchid testicle and review the pathophysiology, imaging modalities, and prognosis.
Pandey Anand - - 2011
We encountered a patient with a swelling in the left lateral infraumbilical region and a left undescended testis. The appearance of the swelling was suggestive of a spigelian hernia. At operation, the swelling was actually an abdominal ectopic testis with associated inguinal hernia. This unusual finding led us to report ...
Zameer M M - - 2011
Hernia of the umbilical cord is a small omphalocoele with the abdominal defect being less than 4 cm and the small intestine being the usual content. We report a rare case of hernia of the umbilical cord with the whole of the liver herniating through the small defect into the ...
Okada T - - 2011
An indirect inguinal hernia containing the entire uterus, ovaries, and Fallopian tubes is extremely rare in pediatrics. The present report describes the very rare case of a 1-month-old girl with an irreducible indirect inguinal hernia containing the entire uterus, ovaries, and Fallopian tubes, and the successful surgical treatment of simple ...
Roy Mahua - - 2011
Morgagnis hernia is rare in pediatrics, representing 1%-6% of all congenital diaphragmatic hernias (CDH). We report a young boy presented with obstructive jaundice caused by compression of common bile duct (CBD) due to stretching and rotation of second part of duodenum in right-sided Morgagni hernia. Such presentation is rarely reported ...
Andreuccetti Jacopo - - 2011
Eitel first described omental torsion in 1899, since then, fewer than 250 cases have been reported. Although omental torsion is rarely diagnosed preoperatively, knowledge of this pathology is important to the surgeon because it mimics the common causes of acute surgical abdomen. For this reason, in the absence of diagnosed ...
Patel Akash J - - 2011
Cystic fibrosis, an epithelial cell transport disorder caused by mutations of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator gene, is not generally associated with malformations of the central nervous system. We review eight previously published reports detailing an infrequent association between cystic fibrosis and Chiari I malformation. To the best of ...
Papakonstantinou E - - 2011
A case is reported of a 60-year old woman who had intermittent abdominal pain due to a mesenteric teratoma which was misdiagnosed by the standard methods of abdominal tumor diagnosis as an ovarian tumor. The neoplasm measured 9 x 8 x 8 cm, was filled by hair and sebum, and ...
Khattala Khalid - - 2011
Cystic lymphangioma is an uncommon mesenteric tumor which is usually reported in children. We describe a case of a 12-years old girl who was admitted in our hospital with abdominal distension and pain. Physical examination showed an abdomino-pelvic mass. Preoperative studies including abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography failed to determine ...
Burgess Pamela L - - 2011
A 53-year-old man with an Amyand hernia with indirect and direct components was repaired with a Bio-A (Gore, Newark, Delaware) plug and a patch made of Bio-A tissue reinforcement material. The repair of an Amyand hernia addresses the pathology of the appendix as well as the hernia. We report a ...
Shahin Y - - 2012
We report the case of a 41-year-old man with a known right inguinal hernia presenting with groin pain following a fall while dog walking. Operative findings showed a small bowel perforation affecting the loop of bowel in the hernial sac. Bowel perforations caused by blunt abdominal injury in patients with ...
Mitchell P J - - 2011
Handlebar hernia is a rare form of traumatic abdominal wall hernia usually occurring in children. As the name suggests, it results from the blunt impact of a handlebar after a fall from a bicycle. A classic case is described of such a hernia occurring in a 14-year-old boy who presented ...
Kotzampassakis N - - 2012
Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is an uncommon, ulcerative skin disease that is often associated with systemic illness. In rare cases, PG occurs after surgery, which can lead to delayed diagnosis as other causes such as wound breakdown or bacterial/fungal infection are considered. We report a rare case of PG following the ...
Yücel Neslihan - - 2010
This article reports a case of high-energy type traumatic abdominal wall hernia (TAWH) associated with multiple organ injuries including pelvic fractures, liver laceration and ascending colon perforation. The cause of the trauma was falling to the ground from a height of approximately 8 meters. Since the forces affecting the abdomen ...
Burks Frank N - - 2010
Neurogenic bladder resulting from spinal cord injury and spina bifida has a profound impact on voiding function. This article reviews the current literature with regards to electrical stimulation for neurogenic bladder and the clinical outcomes associated with sacral neuromodulation, pudendal neuromodulation, posterior tibial nerve stimulation, and the Finetech-Brindley posterior/anterior stimulator. ...
Romero Alfredo E - - 2010
Diaphragmatic rent and visceral herniation in the horse is seldom diagnosed, but historically carries a poor prognosis. The objective of this study was to document the presentation and surgical management of all diaphragmatic rents as presented to 2 referral institutions over a 5-year period. A review of 31 cases demonstrated ...
Confer Stephen D - - 2010
Fetal megacystis, an abnormally enlarged bladder identified at any gestational age, may be transient and resolve spontaneously or may be an early manifestation of bladder outlet obstruction. Anterior urethral valves are the most common cause of the rare condition of congenital obstruction of the anterior urethra. Herein is reported the ...
Canadas Karina T - - 2010
Subglottic hemangioma is a rare, potentially life threatening tumor of infancy which poses serious treatment challenges. A number of medical and surgical therapies over the years have met with variable success, and are associated with numerous potential morbidities. A potential windfall in the management of infantile hemangiomas has arisen with ...
Raffi Francesca - - 2010
Complete bladder prolapse through the urethra is very rare but needs to be recognised early as it can lead to serious complications and requires prompt treatment. Several predisposing factors have been described. A high index of suspicion is required for diagnosis, and the involvement of a multidisciplinary team approach is ...
Cervellione Raimondo M - - 2010
Partial or complete penile loss following bladder exstrophy and/or epispadias repair has been reported in the literature progressively more frequently. The authors report new cases of penile injury following bladder exstrophy and/or epispadias repair referred to their centers and not previously published. They review the literature on this subject and ...
Canadas Karina T - - 2010
Subglottic hemangioma is a rare, potentially life threatening tumor of infancy which poses serious treatment challenges. A number of medical and surgical therapies over the years have met with variable success, and are associated with numerous potential morbidities. A potential windfall in the management of infantile hemangiomas has arisen with ...
Pacella Mauro - - 2010
We report the case of a 76 ys-old woman with overactive bladder syndrome, determined by an histological exam of interstitial cystitis with plasma cell infiltration. To the best of our knowledge, in literature only a similar case has been described. The patient has been treated with corticosteroid therapy allowing a ...
Brenes Robert A - - 2010
Meckel's diverticulum is the most commonly occurring congenital anomaly of the gastrointestinal tract. Diagnosis is usually made by scintigraphy using 99Tc(m) pertechnetate, with low accuracy in adults. We describe a case report and review the literature for difficulties in identifying a recurrent bleeding Meckel's diverticulum. Our patient had a "bladder ...
Kim M S - - 2010
We report three cases of eosinophilic cystitis. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed characteristic bladder wall thickening exceeding 10 mm, with preservation of the mucosal lining and intense, progressive contrast enhancement on sequential arterial and delayed scans. Eosinophilic cystitis might have been associated with eosinophilic infiltration in other organs, such as ...
Caso Jorge - - 2010
We present a patient who developed severe lower urinary tract symptoms following resection of a Ta low grade bladder urothelial carcinoma with immediate post-resection instillation of mitomycin-C. Urine cultures were negative. Radiographic imaging demonstrated a bladder mass. On biopsy she was found to have eosinophilic cystitis. We report the clinical ...
Chun Sang Woo - - 2010
Authors experienced intra-root cavernous angioma which is very rare case among cavernous angiomas of cauda equina. Our intra-root cavernous angioma was confirmed by findings from operating field and microscopic examination. We report this case with review of the literature.
Abréu-Vélez Ana María - - 2010
Endemic pemphigus foliaceus (EPF) is an autoimmune disease, classically occurring in a restricted geographic area. Foci of EPF have been described in several Central and South American countries, often affecting young people and Amerindians, with some female predilection. Although most American EPF cases have been documented in Brazil, cases have ...
Lee Michael C - - 2010
PURPOSE: The value of pathological reinterpretation of tissue slides has long been questioned. At the Cleveland Clinic subspecialization in genitourinary pathology began in 2003 and has been maintained. We evaluate the role of second review on transurethral bladder tumor resection pathology slides before and after subspecialization and potential impact on ...
Maturo Stephen - - 2010
The objective of this study is to describe the initial use of propranolol as the sole treatment for focal infantile airway hemangiomas, and to report on available literature describing the use of propranolol for airway lesions. This retrospective case series was carried out at a tertiary pediatric medical center. We ...
Matsushima Masashi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Most bladder tumors are derived from the urothelium. Benign mesenchymal tumors are rare. Leiomyoma of the bladder is the most common benign neoplasm. We present a case of leiomyoma of the bladder presenting with acute urinary retention in a female patient and report on the post-operative change in urodynamic ...
Agrawal Amit - - 2010
Hemangioblastomas are very highly vascular neoplasm with benign characteristics and; in comparison to cerebellar hemangioblastoma; cases of cystic hemangioblastoma of the brain stem are rare with only a few case reports available in the literature. We report the case of a 43-year-old-female with cystic hemagioblastoma of the brainstem managed successfully ...
Hinev Alexander - - 2010
Gangrenous cystitis is an extremely rare condition: only a total of 240 cases worldwide have been reported so far. Most of these cases have occurred in the preantibiotic era. After the advent and widespread use of antibiotics in clinical practice, only sporadic cases have been observed. We report a case ...
Bovo R - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To describethe occurrence of a cavernous hemangioma of the external auditory meatus extending to the middle ear and the retroauricolar region in an adult patient, and to review the relevant literature. METHODS: Case report. We report the clinical presentation, imaging studies and surgical procedures used in the study. RESULTS: ...
Ricciardi Enzo - - 2010
Mesenchymal tumors represent a small number of bladder cancer cases. Leiomyosarcoma is the most common histology with over 100 cases reported in the whole literature. This tumor is been historically considered as highly aggressive and showing a poor prognosis. Despite very low survival rates showed in older reports, some authors ...
Singh Bhupendra P - - 2010
A 5-year-old female presented with continuous dribbling of urine without any voiding stream since birth. Upon investigations, the bladder neck and both ureters were opening into the vaginalized urogenital sinus and the urethra was absent. Coarctation of the aorta was an associated anomaly. To our knowledge, this is the first ...
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