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Pal Kamalesh - - 2009
Several embryopathies involve umbilicus including midgut herniation, omphaloceles, urachal and vascular anomalies. Although described earlier, hernia into umbilical cord has not found enough mention in the literature. Poor understanding of its clinical characteristics has made to miscategorization of this entity as "omphalocele minor" by many. Some of these undergo spontaneous ...
Losanoff J E - - 2009
Spontaneous ventral hernia through the rectus abdominis sheath is perhaps the rarest hernia, with eight previously reported cases since 1937. The condition has not been reflected in the popular treatises on hernia. An 83-year-old male patient underwent surgery for intestinal obstruction. A spontaneous Richter's hernia of the small intestine through ...
Rajan S S - - 2009
Croissant de Garengeot's hernia is defined as the presence of an appendix in the femoral hernial sac. It is rare and occurs mostly in females. We report this hernia in a male patient along with the surgical management and review of literature.
Laaksonen Elina - - 2009
Bochdalek hernia is a type of congenital diaphragmatic hernia that typically presents in childhood - the clinical manifestation of symptoms and diagnosis in adults is extremely rare. There are fewer than 20 cases of right-sided Bochdalek hernia reported in adults in the literature. We review a case of a 38-year-old ...
Kuiper Patricia - - 2009
The present report concerns a patient with a malignant gastrin-producing neuroendocrine tumour (ie, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome) with recurrent hepatic gastrinomas, in whom no gastrinoma in the duodenum, pancreas or other extrahepatic sites could be identified despite the use of multiple, repeatedly performed imaging and exploration techniques over the past 20 years. ...
Christianakis Efstratios - - 2009
Lower Spigelian hernia is a very rare entity. The clinical findings are similar to those of inguinal hernias and in many cases may be misdiagnosed. In the literature, only a few references to this entity have been reported in children. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first ...
Upadhyaya Eti V - - 2009
Coin is the most common foreign body swallowed by pediatric age group. The multiple coin swallowing is extremely rare and very few cases had been reported in English literature. Most of them were present at different site and had different alignment in the esophagus. The location of the coin (trachea ...
Pitchaimuthu Maheswaran - - 2009
Appendicitis in femoral hernia is a rare condition, which raises diagnostic challenge. A 40-year-old man presented with painful right-sided groin swelling of 1-week duration. The area was explored, with presumpted diagnosis of inguinal abscess. At exploration a femoral hernia was found which contained a mildly inflammed appendix. Appendicectomy and hernia ...
Kumar Ameet - - 2009
The improper fusion of the postero-lateral foramen of the diaphragm was first described by Bochdalek in 1848. The incidence of congenital diaphragmatic hernia varies from1:2000 to 1:5000 live births and Bochdalek hernias (BH) account for 75 to 85% of these. Although it is a well-known entity in neonates, it is ...
Feng Quan Zhou - - 2009
Hepatic foreign bodies are quite rare. A sewing needle as a hepatic foreign body in an old woman is very rare and the managements have been varied. An old woman was incidentally found to have a sewing needle in her liver on abdominal X-ray. The sewing needle was kept stable ...
Toovey Stephen - - 2009
A literature review revealed that mefloquine neurotoxicity has been demonstrated at both the preclinical and clinical levels, with nausea, dizziness, sleep disturbances, anxiety and psychosis, amongst other adverse neuropsychiatric events, reported in users. Females and individuals of low body mass index (BMI) are at apparent greater risk. Mechanisms of possible ...
Deeba Samer - - 2009
The presentation of ingested foreign bodies in the gastrointestinal system is common in the emergency setting. The majority responds to conservative management and passes spontaneously; however, giant foreign bodies pose a management difficulty. We report a peculiar case of a giant foreign body (spoon) that presented very late after ingestion ...
Azzopardi Ernest A - - 2009
Although pyogenic granulomas are often clinically associated with foreign bodies or recurrent traumatic injury, this association is not well documented. We report a case of a recurrent, intractable pyogenic granuloma due to a missed foreign body. An extensive search retrieved no previous literature reporting this association. This lack of evidence ...
Jagannath P M - - 2009
Cerebral larva migrans (CLM) is an uncommon and rarely diagnosed entity. We report here a histopathologically proven case of CLM in a 13 year-old girl, who presented with bilateral focal seizures, right hemiparesis, and lapsed into altered sensorium prior to admission. Her CT scan was suggestive of a granulomatous lesion ...
Qureshi Abdul A - - 2009
Nasal foreign bodies are managed as an emergency for the risk of aspiration, yet it is not clear what proportion of bronchial foreign bodies actually originate in the nose. The aim of this study was to identify the origin of bronchial foreign bodies and estimate the risk of a nasal ...
Bhattacharya S - - 2009
Incisional hernia is a very rare complication after hemipelvectomy. Very few references are reported in the literature. A rare case of post hemipelvectomy incisional hernia is presented with a unique method of reconstruction using a combination of monofilament polypropylene mesh and a de-epithelialized skin flap in such a way that ...
Kim Nahmah - - 2008
We present a case of a 7-week-old female with a 3-week history of progressively worsening stridor who was admitted to rule out a congenital anomaly in the airway or vasculature. After 3 different imaging modalities, we discovered an esophageal foreign body causing esophagitis and proximal airway compression.Young infants with symptoms ...
Boughammoura-Bouatay A - - 2008
We describe the case of a 70-year-old woman, with type 1 diabetes mellitus, who suddenly developed a movement disorder on the left side of her body that rapidly extended to the right side, evoking biballism. There was no facial involvement and no vascular lesions on cerebral MRI but non-ketotic hyperglycaemia ...
Ryu C H - - 2008
Most metallic foreign bodies are inert, but they can cause chronic inflammatory reactions and be a source of infection. Identification and removal of foreign bodies from wounds is often necessary. The present report describes two cases of a foreign body embedded in the external nose. Each case was successfully treated ...
Pruthi Sumit - - 2009
Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is an idiopathic condition affecting the articular epiphysis. Initially described in the knee, this entity affects several other parts of the body such as the talar dome, tarsal navicular, and femoral capital epiphysis. OCD of the elbow primarily involves the capitellum. OCD involving the trochlea has rarely ...
Sudhakar Praharaju Janaki - - 2008
A one-and-a-half year old boy who presented with a cough, irritability, and refusal of food was found to have an impacted foreign body in his upper esophagus. We present the radiologic findings of the foreign body (a button battery) impacted in the upper esophagus and its complications; namely, mediastinitis and ...
Tycast James F - - 2008
Amyand's hernia is a rare hernia in which an incarcerated or perforated appendix is found in the right inguinal canal. This case report looks at the clinical presentation, the modalities for preoperative evaluation, and finally a combined approach of laparoscopic appendectomy and open repair of the hernia. To our knowledge, ...
Hartin Charles W CW - - 2008
Foreign body-induced appendicitis is a rare but well-known entity. This condition was discovered during the first appendectomy performed almost 275 years ago. For the pediatric surgeon, evaluation of a patient for swallowed foreign bodies is common, and most foreign bodies traverse the gastrointestinal tract without incident. However, when the foreign ...
Höer Jörg - - 2008
A rising number of patients require relaparotomy after implantation of mesh materials for incisional hernia (IH) repair. No published recommendation concerning how to close the incision in a surgical mesh exists. We describe a central IH recurrence through a partly absorbable mesh positioned in the retromuscular plane 16 months after ...
Yadav R P - - 2008
Pediatric femoral hernias account for less than 1% of all groin hernias. Pediatric femoral hernias are rather uncommon more so in males, often overlooked, misdiagnosed and treated as inguinal hernia. Femoral hernia masquerading as inguinal hernia in a seven year old male is reported along with review of relevant literature.
Terzi Alberto - - 2008
Symptomatic cases of Bochdalek's hernia (BH) are uncommon in adults; symptoms arise only due to complications. Most of symptomatic cases are related to a left-sided hernia. Right colon herniation in adults has never been reported. We present a case of a 70-year-old woman with right BH-containing colon. The patient was ...
Loukas Marios - - 2008
Vincent Alexander Bochdalek, Czech anatomist and professor, was one of the pioneers in describing congenital diaphragmatic hernias in newborns. Interestingly, there is very little in the literature and almost nothing in the English literature regarding this important medical figure. A dedicated individual, Bochdalek had great perseverance, which allowed him to ...
Adoga A A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Foreign body removal in children is very common in the daily routine of an otolaryngologist but reports of oronasal foreign bodies and their management are rare. METHOD: The case note of a 5-year-old female child presenting with an oronasal foreign body following a domestic accident was retrieved and studied ...
Akin Murat - - 2008
Meckel diverticulum (MD) is the most common congenital anomaly of the gastrointestinal tract that is generally asymptomatic and only manifests in a specific way when complications exist. An unusual complication of MD is known as Littre hernia. It comprises less than 1% of all MD. Littre hernia is the protrusion ...
Duerinckx Joris F H - - 2008
Synovitis secondary to penetrating plant thorn injuries is not frequently reported. Historically, it is considered aseptic and treated with removal of the intraarticular foreign body and affected synovial lining. We report a 57-year-old healthy man who was admitted 2 weeks after being injured by a rose (Rosacea) thorn with subacute ...
Stimec Bojan V - - 2008
This paper reports on a case of an omental diaphragmatic hernia revealed during routine anatomical dissection of an obese 85-year-old male with plethoric appearance of the upper body. The hernial mass, with a size of 12 cm x 9 cm, was detected in the anterior mediastinum. It had a long ...
Reynolds Matthew R - - 2008
The authors present the case of a 3-year-old child with Kleeblattschädel, or cloverleaf skull deformity, and a Chiari malformation Type I who developed an ossified pseudomeningocele after posterior fossa decompression. To their knowledge, this is the first report of a postoperative ossified pseudomeningocele in a patient with Kleeblattschädel and the ...
Nazni W A - - 2008
Piophila casei (Linnaeus) (Diptera: Piophilidae) is reported from human cadavers in two separate forensic cases for the first time in Malaysia. Both bodies were found indoors. The first case, was that of a male of unknown nationality and age and also contained maggots of the muscid Ophyra spinigera (Stein). The ...
Haley Mary Jo - - 2008
Polyorchidism is a rare diagnosis. When recovered, it is frequently found in combination with other urologic pathologies. We report the case of a 14-month-old child with imperforate anus who was found to have polyorchia during repair of his inguinal hernia. Although cryptorchidism is not an uncommon finding in patients with ...
Dumser Thomas K - - 2008
Forensic taphonomy in the marine context recently received growing attention. However, only limited information is available about the fate of human bodies at greater sea depth. Following two fatal aircraft accidents (west of Namibia, south of Sicily) human remains were recovered from a depth of 540-580 m (both cases) after ...
Silberstein Jonathan - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Penile constriction devices often present significant challenges to urologic surgeons. Failure to remove such devices can lead to significant ischemia and loss of tissue. Patients often present after several days of ischemia and swelling have developed. AIM: This article reviews previously published data on penile constriction devices and strategies ...
Morgan Heidi - - 2008
Obesity is becoming more common in the United States, affecting > or = 30% of adults aged 20 years and older. Obesity (body mass index 30) is ranked second only to tobacco use as a preventable cause of death in the United States. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) is being performed ...
Kochakarn Wachira - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Foreign bodies in the female urinary bladder may occur by self-insertion or migration from adjacent organs. The most common reason for this is sexual in nature, but hygienic behaviour and attempts to relieve voiding problems have been reported. Only small case series were found in the literature devoted to ...
Cano-Maldonado A J - - 2009
Lung and spigelian hernia are both extremely rare diseases, and their combined and simultaneous appearance in the same patient, causing the small bowel to shift from the abdomen towards the thorax external to the ribcage is even more unusual. Here, we report such a case, supported by comprehensive iconography and ...
Baynam Gareth - - 2008
Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is characterized by facial dysmorphism; hirsutism; internal organ anomalies, including diaphragmatic hernia, and limb defects. While causative mutations in three genes have been identified the etiology of a significant number of cases remains unknown. We report on a child with an 8p23.1 deletion with features ...
Whelan-Johnson S - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate the importance of two radiological views in the assessment of oesophageal foreign bodies. CASE REPORT: The case of a child with multiple oesophageal foreign bodies appearing as a single object on an antero-posterior chest radiograph is used to illustrate the need for two radiological views in the ...
Armstrong Myrna L - - 2008
PURPOSE: Infective endocarditis (IE) is a rare but dangerous complication of tattooing and body piercing in adolescents and young adults 15-30 years of age, with and without congenital heart disease (CHD). Because body art, including tattooing and piercing, is increasing and IE cases continue to be reported in the literature, ...
Numano─člu K V - - 2008
The accumulation of undigested foreign bodies or nutrients in the gastrointestinal tract forming a conglomeration is called a bezoar. Bezoars are referred to according to the foreign bodies that constitute their core: phytobezoar (fibres or seeds of vegetables and fruits); trichobezoar (hair); lactobezoar (remnants of milk) and lithobezoar (rock or ...
Glazer Alan - - 2008
Esophagitis and esophageal strictures are relatively uncommon but significant diseases in companion animals. Often, an esophageal disorder is suspected on the animal's medical history and clinical signs. Esophagitis and acquired esophageal strictures are caused by prolonged contact of caustic substances or foreign bodies with the esophageal lining, leading to mucosal ...
Allen, Gerald R
The genus Paracheilinus Fourmanoir, previously known from a single specimen collected in the Red Sea, is reviewed and a new species is described from New Guinea and the Solomon Islands. Paracheilinus, which was not adequately defined when introduced by Fourmanoir, is a member of the labrid subfamily Cheilininae, which also ...
Malik Arshad M - - 2008
Ingestion of foreign bodies is not an uncommon problem in our society. The patients usually ingest different types of foreign bodies either accidentally or deliberately. Rare in children but adults are not uncommonly affected and are either psychiatric patients or ingest foreign bodies accidentally. Life threatening complications may occur at ...
Jordan Matthew T - - 2010
Angioedema remains a rare but potentially life-threatening complication of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor use. Most presentations involve edema of the tongue or oral pharynx. However, in recent years, a visceral form involving the gastrointestinal tract also has been described. We present the case of a rare presentation of esophageal and ...
Swartz Karin - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A case report and literature review of Kümmell's disease. OBJECTIVE: To describe a case that meets modern criteria for Kümmell's disease and discuss the literature on this. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Over 100 years ago, Hermann Kümmell described a condition in which patients sustained a "trivial" trauma, had ...
Ahmad Rashidi - - 2008
Bleeding as the result of a leech in the male urethra is very rare. We describe a 13-year-old boy who had a leech in his urethra. In the emergency department he persistently squeezed his penis in an attempt to prevent the leech from going deeper into his urethra. Manual removal ...
Jain Krishan Kumar - - 2008
Morgagni hernia is an uncommon type of congenital hernia that is rarely diagnosed antenatally. Herniation of the liver into the fluid-filled pericardial sac resulting in a thoracic mass is a particularly rare form of Morgagni hernia; only 3 cases have been reported in the literature, all with a diagnosis made ...
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