Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 449
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 >
Sohrabji Farida F Women's Health in Neuroscience Program, Neuroscience and Experimental Therapeutics, TAMHSC College of Medicine, Bryan TX 77807. Electronic address: - - 2014
The steroid hormone 17b-estradiol and the peptide hormone insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 independently exert neuroprotective actions in neurologic diseases such as stroke. Only a few studies have directly addressed the interaction between the two hormone systems, however, there is a large literature that indicates potentially greater interactions between the 17b-estradiol ...
Prasanna Lokadolalu Chandracharya - - 2013
The development of the head and the face requires an intimate interaction between two mesenchymal populations, a paraxial mesoderm and neural crest cells for the morphogenesis of the musculoskeletal components of the calvaria, the face and the branchial regions. The disruptions in these interactions can cause foetal fatalities or congenital ...
Messer Caroline Korsten - - 2012
Describe a case of apoplexy of an ACTH-producing pituitary adenoma which resulted not only in an empty sella with concurrent hypothyroidism, hypoprolactinemia, and hypogonadism but persistent hypercortisolemia from two distinct extrasellar remnants of the original adenoma. Review the literature to identify other similar cases. The patient's medical history, physical exam, ...
Luey Christopher - - 2012
We report the case of a 15-year-old girl with pelvic and sacral emphysematous osteomyelitis caused by Fusobacterium necrophorum. This infection was cured following four surgical procedures and 4 weeks of intravenous then 4 weeks of oral antibiotics. We review our case alongside the 24 previously reported cases of emphysematous osteomyelitis ...
Meloro Carlo - - 2012
In this article we briefly review primate interactions with predators throughout their evolutionary history. Like today, predators of past primates were taxonomically diverse, including crocodilians, aquatic mammals, hyaenids, raptors and other primates. There is strong evidence for felid predation of extinct primates, with most work undertaken on the African Plio-Pleistocene ...
Kaldau Niels Christian - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: We present a case of bilateral polymicrobial osteomyelitis with Candida tropicalis and Candida krusei, and review the literature on Candida osteomyelitis. METHODS: PubMed was searched for cases of Candida osteomyelitis published in the English-language literature between 1970 and 2010. CASE: A 60-year-old previously healthy man was hospitalized with gallstone ...
Fleming Lee - - 2011
Osteomyelitis can be a challenging entity to treat. Because of the emergence of risk factors, including broad-spectrum antibiotics, intravenous drug abuse, immunocompromised hosts, and other factors, opportunistic pathogens have increased in prevalence in bone infections. A review of the published data revealed few reported cases of fungal osteomyelitis localized to ...
Muratori Francesco - - 2011
A number of studies have described the osteoarticular involvement of tuberculosis, but very few cases of tubercular osteomyelitis of the foot have been reported. We describe a case of spina ventosa affecting the second metatarsal, with a review of the literature and description of the clinical manifestations, diagnostic images, and ...
Park Ah Young - - 2011
Bone metastasis from a spinal cord astrocytoma has been reported only twice in the English medical literature. It is generally known that bone metastasis is found after the initial diagnosis with/without intervening surgery rather than being found at the time of the diagnosis of astrocytoma. The purpose of this article ...
Zainal A I - - 2011
Fungal osteomyelitis is a rare opportunistic infection. It exhibits some clinical and radiological similarities to several other bone pathologies. A diagnostic delay may result in significant increase in morbidity. We report a case of a 37-year-old man with underlying hypogammaglobulinaemia presented with isolated cryptococcal osteomyelitis of the femur.
Pabla Ravinder - - 2011
Subacute haematogenous osteomyelitis of the talus in children is a rare condition. All previously reported cases have been managed by hospital admission with surgical debridement and antibiotics or by intravenous antibiotic therapy followed by oral antibiotics. This case series documents the management of the condition at our institution and reviews ...
Dotis John - - 2011
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare inherited disorder characterised by inability of phagocytes to kill catalase-positive organisms including certain fungi. Aspergillus species are the most frequent fungal pathogens. This study is a systematic review of the reported cases of osteomyelitis due to Aspergillus species in CGD patients. Retrospective analysis ...
Mayor Reina - - 2011
Appendicitis with or without perforation is a common pediatric emergency department diagnosis, as are the findings of patent processus vaginalis and cryptorchidism. We describe the unique presentation of perforated appendicitis complicated by a tender inguinal mass resulting from the presence of purulence as well as a cryptorchid but viable testis ...
Oakenful Cindy - - 2011
Stercoral perforation of the rectum is an uncommon complication of chronic constipation and is therefore often not considered as a differential in patients presenting to primary health-care facilities. Unfortunately, until awareness of this rare but potentially life-threatening disorder is raised patients will continue to be misdiagnosed and potentially suffer from ...
Ya┼čar Necdet Fatih - - 2011
Pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema are very rare reported signs of colonic perforation most often associated with diverticulitis, toxic megacolon and colonoscopy. We report a case of a 60-year-old man with subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum, which developed three days after a car accident without pneumothorax. A computed tomography scan demonstrated perforation ...
Hai Abdul - - 2011
We report two cases of gastrointestinal perforation by ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts and review the literature on the topic. The time interval between shunt surgery and detection of bowel perforation is minimum in infants and increases with age. Sigmoid and transverse colon followed by stomach are the most frequent sites of ...
Sezer S D - - 2011
The management of a lost abdominal intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD) is discussed together with a review of the relevant literature. The IUD is one of the most commonly used, effective, cheap and safe methods of contraception in Turkey. However, IUD insertion may result in uterine perforation which may lead to ...
Kara Cemal - - 2010
Gallbladder perforation is a serious complication of acute cholecystitis. Spontaneous healing is very rare, and only three cases have been reported in the English literature. In this study, we present a 73-year-old female patient who underwent a laparoscopic cholecystectomy years after a gallbladder perforation and spontaneous healing.
Park Jung Min - - 2010
Foreign bodies in the gastrointestinal tract often cause serious complications, such as perforation, obstruction, abscess formation, or hemorrhage. This is a case in which a patient visited our hospital and complained of a vague lower abdominal pain that had been present for three months. She had an intrauterine device (IUD) ...
Kim Hye Mi - - 2010
Infiltrating syringomatous adenoma (ISA) of the nipple, first described by Rosen in 1983 (Am J Surg Pathol, 1983, 7, 739-745), is a rare benign tumor that can be misdiagnosed as a malignancy. ISA is characterized by its specific location in the subareolar region, its distinct histologic appearance resembling sweat duct ...
Niu Y - - 2010
The concurrence of the intracranial multiple primary tumors (MPTs) consisting of acoustic neuroma (AN) and pituitary adenoma is very rare. Here, we report a 42-year-old female who presented with left AN associated with pituitary adenoma. A total of three such cases have been reported before and which also presented with ...
Bodin R - - 2010
We report the case of a young woman hospitalized for a chronic appendicular syndrome. The histological examination of the resected specimen revealed a rare tumor: tubulovillous adenoma, discovered in 0.02% of all appendectomy procedures. Treatment is most often limited to appendectomy, but in the event of incomplete excision or associated ...
Halvorson Stephanie A C - - 2011
In the last decade there has been increasing awareness of the virulence and changing epidemiology of Clostridium difficile (C. difficile). While the vast majority of clinical cases of C. difficile are associated with antimicrobial or nosocomial exposure, this syndrome has been well described in the absence of antibiotic use. We ...
Kaushik Chhavi - - 2010
An ectopic location of pituitary adenoma is rare. Nasopharyngeal location of ectopic pituitary adenoma has been attributed to remnants of the Rathke pouch. We describe an interesting case of ectopic pituitary adenoma in the setting of partially persistent craniopharyngeal canal. Embryological basis of ectopic pituitary adenoma and craniopharyngeal canal have ...
Baldisserotto Matteo - - 2010
Trichuriasis affects children at an estimated prevalence rate of 17% in the world population. It sometimes affects the colon and causes unspecific symptoms and laboratory findings. This case describes a child with unspecific abdominal symptoms. Color Doppler sonography showed signs of diffuse colitis and colonoscopy demonstrated colonic infection by Trichuris. ...
Paramkusam Geetha - - 2010
Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a rare, noninfectious neutrophilic dermatosis. Clinically, it begins with sterile pustules that rapidly progress into painful ulcers of variable depth and size with undermined violaceous borders. The diagnosis of PG is based on the history of an underlying disease, a typical clinical presentation, histopathology, and exclusion ...
Chaiban Joumana T - - 2011
Object Although most Rathke cleft cysts (RCCs) remain asymptomatic, some present with compression of surrounding structures and pituitary hormone dysfunction. A rare, but distinct presentation of the RCC includes hemorrhage into the cyst-a presentation that mimics the clinical syndrome of pituitary tumor apoplexy. The objective of this article is to ...
Urgesi R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an idiopathic condition of gastrointestinal tract whose pathogenesis results from the complex interaction of genetic susceptibility and environmental influences. Is well known how IBD patients have an increased risk of thrombosis. OBJECTIVES: To assess the frequency and characteristics of thromboembolic events (TEE) in IBD ...
Lee Byung Hoon - - 2010
Unilateral agenesis of the parotid gland is a rare condition. Although pleomorphic adenomas are the most common benign glandular tumors of the buccal space, to the author's knowledge unilateral agenesis of the parotid gland associated with pleomorphic adenoma in the ipsilatearal buccal space has not been previously described in the ...
Kepron C - - 2010
A 58-year-old woman with acromegaly developed massive epistaxis 7 days following trans-sphenoidal resection of a growth hormone-secreting pituitary adenoma. At autopsy, it was determined that the source of the hemorrhage was a rupture of the intracavernous segment of the internal carotid artery secondary to a bacterial arteritis. We describe the gross ...
Ayers Lisa Skultety - - 2010
Pleomorphic adenomas of the external auditory canal (EAC) are benign tumors of the ceruminal glands; they are a rare entity. Arising from the lateral cartilaginous portion of the EAC, these lesions can be challenging to diagnose in view of their rare clinical presentation, indolent symptoms, and a lack of familiarity ...
Pironi Daniele - - 2010
Brunner's gland adenoma is a rare benign tumour of the duodenum. His most common location is the posterior wall of the duodenum near the junction of its first and second portion. It is usually small and asymptomatic often discovered incidentally with upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, but sometimes may become large causing ...
Magee Charles D - - 2010
The most common cause of ischemic colitis (IC) is a sudden and transient reduction in splanchnic perfusion. In the younger population, medications are an increasingly recognized cause of ischemic bowel disease. Over-the-counter supplements may also lead to the development of ischemic colitis through similar effects. We present a case of ...
Turgut Mehmet - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Pituitary apoplexy is a rare and life-threatening complication occurring in 0.6-10.5% of all cases of pituitary adenomas. Although the association between pituitary apoplexy and visual dysfunction has been recognized for a long time, the optimal management of this problem still remains controversial. The purpose of this overview was to ...
Cooke Andrew A - - 2010
We discuss the case of a young adolescent boy with ulcerative colitis who developed pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema in the neck and surrounding cervical soft tissues secondary to a probable retroperitoneal perforation of the colon. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of this complication in the pediatric ...
Chugay Paul - - 2010
Jejunal diverticula are quite rare. Furthermore, small bowel diverticular disease resulting in enteroliths can lead to complications necessitating surgical intervention. In this manuscript, we report two presentations of jejunal diverticulum with complications from enteroliths followed by a review of the literature. The first case was that of a 79-year-old male ...
Farruggia Piero - - 2010
Hepatic hemangioma, adenoma and focal nodular hyperplasia are the most frequent benign lesions of the liver, but they are all infrequent among pediatric population. The reports of focal nodular hyperplasia in children have recently increased in number, with many cases associated to drug intake, particularly to chemotherapy. We here describe, ...
Masciullo V - - 2010
Clostridium difficile colitis, although rare, could represent a serious complication following chemotherapy. Prior antibiotic use has been considered the single most important risk factor in the development of C. difficile infection. Recently, the association between antineoplastic therapy and C. difficile-associated diarrhea in the absence of a prior antibiotic therapy has ...
Rumana M - - 2010
Lymphocytic hypophysitis (LYH) is a rare autoimmune inflammatory disorder of the pituitary gland usually affecting young women, often in pregnancy or post partum period. It is rare in non-pregnant females and in men. Patients present with symptoms of an expanding pituitary mass and/or varying degrees of pituitary dysfunction. We, hereby ...
Aste Laura - - 2010
Background. Hypophysitis is an inflammatory disease of the pituitary gland that may mimic pituitary tumors clinically and radiologically. Case Description. We report a case of a xanthomatous hypophysitis initially diagnosed as pituitary adenoma. A 31-year-old woman presented with headache, diabetes insipidus, and amenorrhea. A head CT scan showed no intrasellar ...
Ekrikpo Udeme E - - 2010
Lymphocytic colitis is an uncommon intestinal disorder that presents with chronic diarrhoea. It is treatable, but in the developing world, its diagnosis may often prove difficult. Data and reports of this condition in Africa are scarce because most medical centres lack a functional gastrointestinal endoscopy unit that would aid in ...
Bishop Jennifer - - 2010
Calciphylaxis, or calcific uremic arteriolopathy, commonly affects people with end-stage renal disease and carries with it a high rate of morbidity and mortality. Here, we present the unusual case of a 56-year-old woman, with extensive medical problems, who developed calciphylaxis in the presence of primary hyperparathyroidism. Our patient initially presented ...
Meniconi Roberto L - - 2010
Inflammatory myoglandular polyp (IMGP) is a rare non-neoplastic polyp of the large bowel, commonly with a distal localization (rectosigmoid), obscure in its pathogenesis. Up till now, 60 cases of IMGP have been described in the literature, but none located in the cecum. We report a case of a 53-year-old man ...
Roan Jun-Neng - - 2010
Esophageal perforation after external air-blast trauma is rarely presented in the emergency room. The diagnosis is often delayed more than 24 hours. We review the literature and report a case of esophageal perforation caused by external air-blast injury. Including the present case, a total of 5 cases of esophageal perforation ...
Ahishali Emel - - 2009
Chemical colitis can occur as a result of accidental contamination of endoscopes or by intentional/accidental administration of enemas containing various chemicals.We present three cases of glutaraldehyde induced colitis and review the cases in the literature. Glutaraldehyde induced colitis presents clinically with severe abdominal pain, bloody and mucoid diarrhea, rectal bleeding, ...
Fraser Lisa-Ann - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To identify and present cases of acromegaly in which pituitary apoplexy resulted in remission of acromegaly, with normalization of insulinlike growth factor-I and growth hormone levels. METHODS: We present a case history of a personal patient and review the related literature in PubMed and Ovid MEDLINE. RESULTS: A 34-year-old ...
McNamara Zeb J - - 2009
We present an exceedingly rare case of carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (CXPA) arising in a minor salivary gland of the upper lip. We could not identify any reports of CXPA occurring in the upper lip in the literature. This case highlights the need for early surgical review and management of ...
Kumar Pavan - - 2009
The article deals with a rare case of chordoma with increased prolactin levels. It could often result in a diagnostic dilemma and problems in differentiating it from a pituitary adenoma.
Panier-Suffat L - - 2009
Conservative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) has become the intervention of choice for severe ulcerative colitis (UC) requiring surgery. Sporadically, the occurrence of carcinoma arising in or near the ileo-anal pouch after IPAA for UC has been reported. This issue is of utmost importance as an endoscopic follow-up is ...
Alabi B S - - 2009
AIM/BACKGROUND: We report a rare case of pleomorphic adenoma arising from the lateral nasal wall. PATIENT AND METHOD: A 23year old woman presented with a 9 month history of right sided nasal mass with progressive nasal obstruction. A CT-Scan of the paranasal sinuses was carried out and the mass was ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 >