Search Results
Results 401 - 449 of 449
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Magidson J G - - 1981
A 20-year-old man had a 2-year history of ulcerative colitis with multiple exacerbations and failure of medical management. In addition to evidence of ulcerative colitis involving the descending colon and rectum, the remainder of the total proctocolectomy specimen demonstrated prominent, circumferential, polypoid elevations of mucosa and epithelial-lined, submucosal mucous cysts ...
Mallett R B - - 1981
Cimetidine has been reported as suppressing the excess parathyroid hormone secretion and hypercalcaemia seen in hyperparathyroidism. A case of primary hyperparathyroidism is described, in which the level of circulating parathyroid hormone and hypercalcaemia remain entirely unaffected by cimetidine. The drug is implicated in the management of primary hyperparathyroidism unsuitable for ...
Rilliet B - - 1981
In a surgical series of 755 pituitary adenomas, 51 cases (6.75%) showed intratumoral calcifications on microscopic examination and 13 of these were visible on roentgenographic examination (1.72%). Thirty-eight of these 51 cases were prolactinomas, the highest incidence being in male patients. There was no correlation between age, sex, levels of ...
Graze K K - - 1981
This report describes a patient who was normocalcemic prior to treatment with lithium for manic-depressive psychosis, and documents progressive hypercalcemia ensuing over the subsequent six years of therapy. Elevated parathyroid hormone levels were found and neck exploration revealed a parathyroid adenoma. Unlike the usual case of hyperparathyroidism, the hypercalcemia was ...
Zaidman G W - - 1981
A 26-year-old woman developed bilateral peripheral uveitis. This was followed five years later by the onset of ulcerative colitis. To our knowledge this is the first report of a relationship between these two entities. A brief review of the literature is undertaken along with a description of some of the ...
Tsoutsanis J - - 1981
This review presents the case history of a 67-year-old man, referred to hospital with severe ulcerative colitis. Treatment at home with prednisolone enemas had had very poor results. Coloscopy revealed large proctitis ulcerations with two polyps. Pathological anatomical examination: severe colitis, probably ulcerations. Intravasation of barium sulphate into the venous ...
Weidema W F - - 1980
An unprecedented fatal case of pseudomembranous colitis (PMC) is described, associated with the use of topical antibiotics (neomycin and erythromycin base) during whole gut irrigation. This case was one of a cluster of five, occurring within a period of 4 months in 1978. These observations tend to support the hypothesis ...
George W L - - 1980
Although antimicrobial agent-associated colitis has been recognized as a clinicopathologic entity for years, the cause of this disease has been determined only recently. Virtually all cases of pseudomembranous colitis and some cases of antimicrobial agent-associated nonspecific colitis or diarrhea have been shown to be caused by a toxin of Clostridium ...
Friedman R J - - 1980
Pseudomembranous colitis has been reported as a complication of therapy with a number of different antibiotics. We present here a case of pseudomembranous colitis following therapy with oxacillin, in which the causative organism and the toxin it produces were isolated from the patient's stool. We believe this is the first ...
Iyer S K - - 1980
Two cases of coexisting ulcerative colitis and hyperthyroidism are discussed. In both patients, thyrotoxicosis preceded the development of the ulcerative colitis. Exacerbations of the thyroid disease led to exacerbations of ulcerative colitis and consequent difficulty in the management of the patients. Although a review of the literature reveals a possible ...
Mohanty S - - 1980
Haemorrhage in pituitary adenoma is an unusual cause of recurrent oculomotor palsy. Three episodes of right oculomotor palsy are reported from a patient having haemorrhage in pituitary adenoma. Early operation and decompression of haemorrhagic pituitary adenoma should be performed so that vision may be preserved and recovery of oculomotor palsy ...
Doppman J L - - 1980
Gelfoam embolization of parathyroid adenomas causes temporary remission of hypercalcemia, but collateral circulation revascularizes the gland. Embolization with silicone permanently infarcts the gland, but is associated with all the risks of capillary bed occlusion. The staining of parathyroid adenomas with contrast material avoids the risks of particulate embolization and appears ...
Scanarini M - - 1980
Results of clinical, endocrinological, and ultrastructural studies of 60 cases of pituitary tumours are presented. A functional classification of such tumours that would: allow a clear correlation between clinical symptoms and the adenoma type, is discussed together with data available from the literature. A case of pituitary adenoma secreting more ...
Steimlé R - - 1980
A case of choristoma of the posterior lobe of the pituitary is presented. The clinical presentation suggested chromophobe pituitary adenoma and the true diagnosis was only established on histological esamination. Despite the patient's advanced age her-operative course was satisfactory, but the disturbances of endocrine and visual function remained virtually unchanged. ...
Fiorica V - - 1979
A 66-year-old woman presented with hypercalcemia and a past history of external radiation to the neck. Hyperparathyroidism in this patient was caused by a parathyroid adenoma. The literature associating hyerparathyroidism with prior radiation of the head and neck was reviewed and analyzed. Current evidence supports a relationship between external radiation ...
Mogg G A - - 1979
We have reviewed 66 cases of antibiotic-associated colitis since March 1975, which have been associated with a 27 per cent mortality. We believe antibiotics may predispose patients to this condition which is caused by a toxin produced by Clostridium difficile. Although the disease is rare, it is more common than ...
Barilla D E - - 1979
Primary hyperparathyroidism is a major cause of calcium urolithiasis and is easily recognised when it is classically manifested. However, subtle presentations of primary hyperparathyroidism may cause confusion with other causes of calcium stone disease or cause diagnostic difficulty. Several pitfalls of parathyroid evaluation and treatment are illustrated by four cases ...
Ketonen L - - 1979
Eight cases of primary empty sella diagnosed on pneumoencephalography (PEG) were examined using computed tomography (CT). The diagnosis was made correctly in every case and it was possible to differentiate an empty sella from a pituitary adenoma. Slices 5 mm thick and an overlapping technique were necessary because of the ...
Altman A R - - 1979
Three cases of autoimmune hemolytic anemia in association with idiopathic ulcerative colitis are reported; the literature is reviewed; and therapeutic modalities are considered. Successful treatment is shown to have resulted with steroids alone, steroids and immunosuppressives, splenectomy, and colectomy. It is concluded that moderate or severe hemolysis should be treated ...
Thompson D G - - 1979
Pericarditis is an uncommon but important complication of inflammatory bowel disease. Five new cases are described and the published literature on nine other cases is reviewed. The pericarditis occurred during an active phase of the colitis in all our cases and was associated with other extra-colonic manifestations of colitis in ...
Coombes G B - - 1978
A case is reported of an hepatic adenoma developing in a patient who had been taking testosterone for 3 years. There appears to be an association between various steroid preparations and hepatic neoplasia. Reports of such cases with all relevant data will allow a balanced assessment of the problem to ...
Garbaccio C G - - 1978
Basal cell adenoma of the parotid gland is infrequently seen and rarely documented in the American literature. A case history is presented to emphasize its occurrence in older men and to discuss its pathological appearance. A review of the literature shows that superficial conservative parotidectomy is the treatment of choice ...
Rich R H - - 1978
Persistent neonatal hypoglycemia is a potentially serious condition which should be recognized promptly, investigated thoroughly, and treated expeditiously. Islet-cell adenoma causing hypoglycemia in infancy is very unusual. Only 23 cases have been reported in the literature. This report documents eight cases of our own and summarizes diagnostic methods, proper medical ...
Liebman P R - - 1978
The roentgenographic finding hepatic--portal venous gas (HPVG) has been reported extensively in the pediatric and radiology literature. The surgical implications and clinical significance have yet to be fully defined. This study reviews the 60 reported cases in the literature and adds four new cases. HPVG appears as a branching radiolucency ...
Drasin G F - - 1978
The 4 cases of Strongyloides stercoralis colitis presented show various radiological manifestations of colonic reaction. Mild involvement may be associated with minimal radiographic changes. Invasion of the bowel wall by the larvae results in ulceration and edema with loss of haustral markings; stricture may develop. Barium-enema examinations can help in ...
Jóhannesson G - - 1978
Two patients with dystrophia myotonica and pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland are described. The probability that this coincidence could be due to chance is less than 1 to 1,000 (P less than or equal to 0.001). There are several reports in the literature of the association of myotonic dystrophy ...
Joffe N - - 1977
Pseudopolyps which represent polypoid oedematous tags, regenerating mucosal islands between ulcerations or heaped-up granulation tissue covered by epithelium, are a common sequela of ulcerative colitis and may also occur secondary to granulomatous colitis. Occasionally, a large discrete mass of pseudopolyps occurs simulating a villous-like or polypoid neoplasm and the term ...
Jones T C - - 1977
A woman with hyperthyroidism, hypercalcemia, and a parathyroid adenoma is described. Various studies indicate that in hypothyroid subjects given an acute dose of calcium, the serum calcium levels remain elevated for longer periods than in control subjects. In part, this may be due to diminished bone uptake. Despite these studies ...
Hernandez-Nieto L - - 1977
A 19-year-old man with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria treated for 3 years with Methandienone was admitted to the hospital with hemoperitoneum due to the rupture of an hepatic tumor. Histology revealed that it was a benign liver cell adenoma, with a pathologic appearance and mode of clinical presentation closely resembling those ...
Munk J F - - 1977
Acute appendicitis is the most common of surgical emergencies. However, it is very unusual to find a benign neoplastic lesion causing appendicitis. Adenomas of the caecum or the appendix are rare and very few cases of these associated with appendicular inflammation have been described. This report presents a case of ...
Schwartz M L - - 1977
A villous adenoma of the rectum was first discovered when it was forced through the anal canal during the second stage of labor. This is the first case of its kind reported. The management of this case is presented along with a discussion of the characteristics and possibly premalignant behavior ...
Howard C P - - 1977
Feminizing adrenal tumors in young boys are rare; such patients initially show bilateral gynecomastia, and may have signs of virilization. We present a patient with bilateral gynecomastia, left adrenal adenoma, and elevated estrogen levels but normal levels of 17-ketosteroids.
Bonfils S - - 1977
Six patients each with an extensive ulcerating colitis are reported. Common features were a febrile nonbloody diarrhea; radiological involvement of the whole colon with superficial ulcerations and preservation of haustra, and integrity of the terminal ileum and rectum; the absence of any specific pathological finding; and, most important, the spontaneous ...
Daggett P - - 1976
A case is described in which an unusually large parathyroid adenoma was visible on the plain chest radiograph taken during the investigation of hypercalcaemia. This was diagnosed preoperatively and a scheme is suggested whereby such a disgnosis can now readily be made. The differential diagnosis is discussed ant the literature ...
McClennan B L - - 1976
A case of reversible ischemic colitis in a young woman taking Premarin, with varium-enema confirmation of the initial diagnosis and subsequent clearing after discontinuation of the oral estrogen preparation, is reported. Ischemic colitis may be more common than realized with the increasing use of conjugated estrogen preparations in menopausal women ...
Sciubba J J - - 1976
The myoepithelioma is a rare salivary gland tumor composed nearly exclusively of myoepithelial cells. A case occurring on the palate of a 22-year-old man is reported. Electron microscopic findings of occasional desmosomes, a basal lamina associated with the plasma memb;rane, and perinuclear cytoplasmic filaments confirmed the diagnosis. The myoepithelioma appears ...
Paxson C L CL - - 1976
Reports of anterior pituitary insufficiency following closed head trauma are unusual. In those cases reported, extensive endocrinologic evidence to support the clinical syndrome is often lacking. The present report documents a case of anterior pituitary insufficiency in a 14-year-old girl following a skull fracture. Endocrine evaluation one year after her ...
Wellons H A HA - - 1976
A review of the literature discloses 56 cases of bronchial adenoma in children under the age of 16 years; we now report two additional cases. The diagnosis of bronchial adenoma in children is often delayed due to erroneous interpretation of the secondary manifestations of pneumonitis, fever, or wheezing. These tumors ...
Danzi J T - - 1976
Nine cases of primary sclerosing cholangitis were reviewed as to methods of diagnosis, association with other disease states and clinical course of the patients. There were four cases of primary sclerosing cholangitis occurring alone, four cases associated with inflammatory bowel disease (three with chronic ulcerative colitis and one case with ...
Lundberg P O - - 1975
Roentgenological examination of the skull in 11 male-to-female transsexuals revealed considerable asymmetry (2.5-3 mm) of the sellar floor in three cases. There was no asymmetry exceeding 1.5 mm in 103 male controls. Asymmetry of the sella turcica suggests the presence of an intrasellar pituitary tumor. This finding in three patients ...
Pinto R S - - 1975
The clinical and radiographic features of two cases of pleomorphic adenoma are discussed. With the use of hypocycloidal tomography, definitive radiographic signs of benignity are demonstrated. They include (1) a radiolucent defect with well-defined cortical margins; (2) beveled margins which describe an intraoral origin of the neoplasm; (3) confinement of ...
Sumner H W - - 1975
The findings on rectal biopsy and proctoscopic examination in 23 cases of clindamycin-associated pseudomembranous colitis are summarized. On proctoscopic examination, discrete 2- to 5-mm raised plaques are seen adherent ot an edematous, friable mucosa. Rectal biopsy shows pseudomembrane formation and inflammation of the underlying rectal mucosa. Necrosis of the surface ...
Akinoso H O - - 1975
The clinical features of primary hyperparathyroidism have been discussed. A case has been reported which presented many of the classic signs of the disease, including renal stones, duodenal ulcer, muscle weakness, and a swelling in the jaw. The problems of diagnosis and localization of adenoma have been discussed, and reference ...
Bain M - - 1975
Colitis developed in a young patient who was receiving clindamycin as part of the management of pericoronitis. Vigorous treatment of the colitis became necessary. The case and the recent literature that has dealt with this potentially very serious complication of lincomycin and clindamycin therapy are reviewed. The dental profession should ...
Stanley R J - - 1975
The radiographic, colonoscopic, and pathologic findings in this case of Behcet's colitis differ completely from ulcerative or granulomatous colitis as well as from other, less commonly seen inflammatory colitides. Discrete, peptic-type ulcers, with normal intervening mucosa and normal overall configuration of the colon, are seen on radiography and endoscopy. The ...
Gerdes A J - - 1975
Although the usefulness of radiation in treatment of many embryonal rhabdomyosarcomas is recognized, the pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcomas are frequently felt to be radioresistant and thus a potentially useful mode of therapy is overlooked. There is increasing evidence in the literature to document successful local management of pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcomas with radiation. The ...
Lewis E A - - 1972
Twenty cases of tuberculous ileo-colitis with radiographic changes seen in the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria, are reviewed and the clinical features and radiographic patterns examined. The intestinal lesions in all cases were secondary to healed and active pulmonary tuberculosis. Although the ileo-caecal region is the commonest site of involvement, ...
Komaba, Hirotaka
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels detected by intact PTH assays are generally higher than those detected by the whole PTH assay because the latter does not detect non-(1–84) PTH fragments, mainly PTH (7–84). Rare exceptions to this rule have been reported in patients with severe primary or secondary hyperparathyroidism and parathyroid ...
Lewis, E. A.
Twenty cases of tuberculous ileo-colitis with radiographic changes seen in the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria, are reviewed and the clinical features and radiographic patterns examined. The intestinal lesions in all cases were secondary to healed and active pulmonary tuberculosis.
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