Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 450
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Nishioka H - - 1996
BACKGROUND: It has been thought that neurohypophysial involvement manifesting as central diabetes insipidus in lymphocytic hypophysitis is uncommon. Although cases with such an association have been reported recently with increasing frequency, the relationship with lymphocytic infundibular neurohypophysitis remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two postmenopausal women who presented with diabetes insipidus ...
Ponssen H H - - 1996
A 50-year-old woman is described with a very unusual combination of MEN-1 syndrome with a negative family history. At first she had been treated because of a clinically non-functioning pituitary adenoma in the maxillary sinus. Six years later a carcinoid tumour was discovered by means of 111In-pentreotide scintigraphy.
de Courten A - - 1996
Pleomorphic adenoma (PA), the most common of the benign salivary gland tumors, is an extremely rare entity in children before the age of 14 years. Until now, only five cases arising in the palate have been reported in detail. A case of PA of the hard palate in a 10-year-old ...
Begos D G - - 1996
We report the case of a patient with a case of cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis, which presented as a flare-up of her ulcerative colitis. Standard treatment for the flare-up, which included intravenous corticosteroids, bowel rest, topical salicylates and ultimately colectomy were not effective. The patient did not improve until therapy with ...
Heymann W R - - 1996
Necrobiosis lipoidica is often resistant to therapeutic intervention. Lesions are atrophic and frequently ulcerate. A case is presented in which atrophy was diminished by the application of topical tretinoin. The practical and theoretical use of topical tretinoin in this disorder is reviewed.
López-Cedrún J L - - 1996
Salivary gland tumors are rare in infancy, and almost all of them are found in the parotid gland. Minor salivary gland tumors are even more rare, pleomorphic adenoma being the most frequently involved tumor. Only six well-described cases of pleomorphic adenoma arising in the palate have been reported in children. ...
Hardwick C - - 1996
Enteric hyperoxaluria and primary hyperparathyroidism have been associated with the development of nephrolithiasis. We report a case involving a patient who had hyperparathyroidism due to a parathyroid adenoma and enteric hyperoxaluria resulting from a small bowel bypass and who had severe stone-related complications. This combination of stone-generating factors has heretofore ...
Thomas S M - - 1996
A case illustrating that ultrasound can be useful in the diagnosis of pseudomembranous colitis is reported. Diagnosis of pseudomembranous colitis is usually made from microbiological or histopathological investigations. The ultrasound appearance of grossly thickened bowel wall with luminal narrowing is non-specific, but in the correct clinical context should suggest the ...
Laing R B - - 1996
We report three examples of community-acquired toxigenic Clostridium difficile diarrhoea in elderly patients who had neither received antimicrobial therapy nor been institutionalised. These cases stimulated interest in the non-antimicrobial changes which might predispose the host to C. difficile-related disease and raised the spectre of bowel ischaemia as a possible aetiological ...
Catania G - - 1996
We report a case of villous adenocarcinoma of duodenum arising from the ampulla of Vater with a review of the literature. Although preoperative endoscopic biopsies were performed, no malignancy was identified. Because of the pathological uncertainty we decided to perform a pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy. Microscopic examination demonstrated glandular dysplasia with aspects ...
Haraguchi H - - 1996
Pleomorphic adenoma arising in the external auditory canal is rare. We report the case of a 38-year-old man. To better grasp the clinical features and natural history of this uncommon tumour, we also reviewed the worldwide literature and found 24 similar cases, which we analysed together with our own.
Sone H - - 1996
Radioiodinated metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy is known for its high specificity in detecting pheochromocytoma and other tumors of neural crest origin. We describe herein the first case of a definite adrenocortical adenoma that demonstrated false-positive uptake on MIBG scintigraphy. In addition, we reviewed all 13 reported cases showing false-positive uptake, and ...
Ng W K - - 1995
We report a rare case of rectosigmoid stricture associated with colitis cystica profunda that occurred 21 years after local therapeutic irradiation given for carcinoma of the bladder. We reviewed the literature and compared the clinical features, etiology, and macroscopic findings. The pathogenesis of the lesion may be related to repeated ...
La Marca F - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: Redefine the meaning of the old term "giant adenoma" and evaluate the diagnosis and safest method of treatment of such cases. METHOD: The world literature was reviewed, particularly concerning diagnostic approaches and therapeutic techniques. RESULTS: The open surgery technique appears to be the safest in the treatment of giant ...
Ronnett B M - - 1995
Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) is a poorly understood condition characterized by mucinous ascites and mucinous implants diffusely involving the peritoneal surfaces. There is considerable debate regarding the definition, pathology, site of origin, and prognosis of PMP. We analyzed the clinicopathologic features of 109 cases of multifocal peritoneal mucinous tumors to develop ...
Sakurai A - - 1995
The case of a 55-year-old woman with inappropriate secretion of anti-diuretic hormone (ADH) is reported. Her pituitary-adrenocortical function test showed normal values on admission, but when she recovered from hyponatremia, severe panhypopituitarism became overt. Her adrenal insufficiency was considered to have been "masked" by endogenous stimulation of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis ...
Bhattacharya A K - - 1995
A case of sebaceous adenoma in the region of the medial canthus causing proptosis is presented along with a review of the medical literature. The clinicopathological aspects of the tumour are discussed. The mode of treatment was surgical excision. A six month follow-up showed a reduction in the proptosis with ...
Sugita S - - 1995
A case of pituitary apoplexy is reported in a 14-year-old girl who presented with headaches and progressive visual disturbance. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated subacute hemorrhage into a pituitary adenoma. Transsphenoidal removal of the tumor was performed successfully. Pituitary apoplexy in children is rare. Thus we will discuss the clinical features ...
Masago A - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Although most of pituitary apoplexy occur spontaneously, some precipitating factors have been reported. We experienced two cases of pituitary apoplexy after a pituitary function test. METHODS: In order to clarify the causal relation between the pituitary function test and apoplexy, we presented our two cases and reviewed 20 cases ...
Sautner D - - 1995
We present the clinical and histological findings of 11 cases of inflammatory anterior pituitary lesions, 8 of which were obtained during surgery and 3 of which were obtained from autopsies. Additionally, we extended the conventional classification of pituitary inflammatory disease by the new entity " secondary hypophysitis". Of the surgically ...
Riedl Michaela - - 1995
This report describes a case of lymphocytic hypophysitis in a 63-year-old man who presented with symptoms of a pituitary mass lesion associated with hypothyroidism and hypogonadism. Postoperative endocrinologicaI testing demonstrated gonadotropic, thyrotropic, and corticotropic hypopituitarism, and the patient was commenced on replacement therapy with hydrocortisone and levothyroxine. Histological examination of ...
Tonsekar K S - - 1994
Villous adenoma of the appendix is an uncommon neoplasm. Intussusception of the appendix is a rare pathological entity. We report here an intussusception of the appendix, the lead point being a villous adenoma, presenting in a 62-year-old male whose initial complaint was a progressive enlargement of a right inguinal hernia. ...
Meier-Gibbons F - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Muir-Torre syndrome (MTS) is a hereditary genodermatosis associated with internal malignancies. METHODS: We report the histological case of an atypical sebaceous gland adenoma of the palpebral conjunctiva in a 42-year-old female patient. RESULTS: The combination of this adenoma with atypical adenomatous hyperplasia of the endometrium and a strong family ...
Yaseen Z H - - 1994
Sixty-eight cases of transverse colon volvulus have been reported in the literature. The authors report the first case of transverse colon volvulus in association with Clostridium difficile pseudomembranous colitis, with a review of the available literature. It is possible that the acute inflammation of the colonic mucosa, which occurred from ...
Wang J S - - 1994
A male patient, aged 36, was found to have lower lobe collapse of the left lung. A smooth vascularized whitish nodular mass obstructing the orifice of left common basal bronchus was noted through bronchoscopic examination. After left lower lobectomy, the histological features of the tumor were indistinguishable from those of ...
Gozalo A S - - 1994
Of the 232 tamarins (133 Saguinus mystax and 99 Saguinus labiatus) that died at the Center for Reproduction and Conservation of Nonhuman Primates in Iquitos, Peru from January 1987 to December 1990, 23 monkeys (9.9%) were diagnosed as having chronic colitis. Typically, the cecal and colonic mucosa was greyish and ...
Domanski H - - 1994
A case of oncocytoma of the lacrimal sac is presented. An 84-year-old woman with a mass in the lacrimal sac area and epiphora was operated with excision. Histological and electron microscopic examination revealed it to be an oncocytic adenoma. Oncocytic tumours of the lacrimal sac are very rare and to ...
Summitt R L RL - - 1994
A nephrogenic adenoma was identified histologically in the excised specimen of a urethral diverticulum. Urethral diverticulum is a relatively common disorder of the female lower urinary tract, and nephrogenic adenoma is an extremely rare finding: this is the 13th reported case of this association. Of clinical importance is the close ...
Moulis H - - 1994
Antibiotic-associated hemorrhagic colitis is an infrequently recognized, self-limited process that may be experienced by patients receiving oral penicillin derivatives, primarily for upper respiratory infections. Symptoms of diarrhea, abdominal tenderness, and ultimately bloody diarrhea occur within one week of antibiotic use. Resolution of symptoms typically occurs within three days of discontinuing ...
Groisman G M - - 1994
Ulcerative appendicitis (UA), the appendiceal counterpart of ulcerative colitis (UC), is frequently present in colectomy specimens from patients with universal UC and is regarded as part of the continuous inflammatory process that is a hallmark of this disease. It has been reported, although not universally accepted, that UA may also ...
Yamaguchi T - - 1994
We describe here a unique case of lymphocytic hypophysitis accompanied by pustulosis palmaris et plantaris and eosinophilia. The patient also suffered from panhypopituitarism with hyperprolactinemia and pituitary diabetes insipidus caused by lymphocytic hypophysitis. Complications of pustulosis palmaris et plantaris and eosinophilia with lymphocytic hypophysitis have not been reported previously. In ...
Fahey P - - 1994
Thyrotropin-secreting pituitary adenomas are rare, especially in the family practice setting. We report a case of such a tumor and review the literature. The key clinical finding is hyperthyroidism in the absence of a suppressed thyrotropin level. The patient was unusual in not having an elevated alpha-subunit. All patients with ...
Palao─člu S - - 1994
Calcification of pituitary adenomas as a histopathologic finding is reported in up to 25% of all degenerated adenomas. On the other hand, ossification of these adenomas is an extremely rare finding, with only one reported case, a prolactinoma. Here, we report a case of somatotropinoma in a 42-year-old acromegalic female. ...
Hayashi Y - - 1994
Immunohistochemical studies were performed to clarify the significance of the expression or overexpression of epidermal growth factor (EGF), EGF-receptor (EGFR), p53, v-erb B, ras p21 in 23 cases each of tubular adenoma and adenocarcinoma. The expression of EGF, EGFR, p53, v-erb B, and ras p21 in paraffin-embedded tissues, from 46 ...
Kalifa G - - 1994
Cushing's disease is the most common cause of Cushing's syndrome in children and is almost always related to over secretion of ACTH by the pituitary gland. It is important to identify a secreting adenoma prior to surgery. Seven cases studied with MRI are reviewed. In five cases the MRI findings ...
Ramakrishna R - - 1994
We report 2 patients with auto-immune haemolytic anaemia (AIHA) complicating ulcerative colitis (UC), each with a hitherto undescribed feature. In the 1st case, direct antiglobulin test showed red cells coated with complement only, and the 2nd case was successfully treated with danazol. These 2 patients bring to 40 the number ...
Kingsmore S F - - 1993
Collagenous colitis is an uncommon cause of chronic watery diarrhea, characterized by colonic deposition of collagen. Nonerosive, oligoarticular, peripheral arthritis has previously been noted in about 7% of patients with collagenous colitis. We describe a patient with collagenous colitis who concurrently developed erosive, seronegative spondyloarthropathy affecting peripheral and axial joints. ...
Subramani K - - 1993
Typical 'pouchitis' is a well recognised complication of ileal pouches in ulcerative colitis. Infrequently, a refractory pouchitis (RP) presents with certain clinical, endoscopic, and pathological features resembling Crohn's disease and is often ascribed to misdiagnosis of the initial colitis. To test that hypothesis and to identify risk factors for RP, ...
Lever E - - 1993
Hepatobiliary diseases are frequently associated with ulcerative colitis. The most commonly reported syndromes are primary sclerosing cholangitis, chronic active hepatitis and cirrhosis. Recently, the association of primary biliary cirrhosis and ulcerative colitis has been reported. We present a case of primary biliary cirrhosis in a young man with left-sided ulcerative ...
Teodorescu V - - 1993
A case of severe colitis requiring subtotal colectomy following administration of 35 mg Solganal b for intractable arthritis is described. Abdominal pain and watery diarrhea developed six weeks after the last dose of gold. Colonoscopy revealed mucosal edema and ulceration of the entire colon. Supportive measures failed and the patient ...
Lev R - - 1993
Cases of neutropenic enterocolitis associated with Clostridium septicum infection have been reported with increasing frequency in the past decade. We report two such cases involving unusual hosts and briefly discuss possible pathogenetic mechanisms such as ischemia, mucosal damage related to chemotherapy and neutropenia, and immunosuppression. One case involved a young ...
Channer J L - - 1993
A case of villous adenoma of the bladder associated with cystitis glandularis of intestinal type is described. Only three villous adenomas have been reported to date, of which two were also accompanied by cystitis glandularis. The lesion can be confused with polypoid hyperplasia in cystitis glandularis. Neutral mucins, acidic sulphomucins, ...
Warren B F - - 1993
Faecal stream diversion may induce inflammatory changes in the defunctioned segment of the large intestine. These changes are predominantly mucosal, although confusing histological features including granulomas may be present. The pathology of 15 defunctioned rectal stumps has been studied. All patients had previously undergone urgent total colectomy for ulcerative colitis ...
Campbell A P - - 1993
'Cap polyposis' is a poorly recognised condition with distinct clinical, sigmoidoscopic, and pathological features that may be confused with other inflammatory conditions of the large intestine including pseudomembranous colitis and idiopathic chronic inflammatory bowel disease. The pathogenesis is unknown but on the basis of the characteristic histological appearances, which are ...
Nmadu P T - - 1993
A middle-aged farmer and a female student presented with osteitis fibrosa cystica with nephrocalcinosis in the former and nephrolithiasis in the latter due to primary hyperparathyroidism. Hypercalcaemia was present in both cases and neck exploration revealed a large solitary parathyroid adenoma which was excised. Because primary hyperparathyroidism is less common ...
Korkis A M - - 1993
Spontaneous hemorrhage of a parathyroid adenoma is a rare occurrence which may manifest with a variety of symptoms including cervical pain, hoarseness, respiratory distress, and dysphagia. We report a case of an elderly woman with a parathyroid adenoma diagnosed 10 years ago and for which she had refused surgery. Throughout ...
Brown K E - - 1993
Dyskeratosis congenita (DC) is a rare hereditary condition with characteristic dermatological findings and is frequently associated with the development of pancytopenia. Involvement of the gastrointestinal tract and liver occurs in a significant proportion of patients. Although the disorder is transmitted in an X-linked fashion, several affected females have been described. ...
Tsuchiya A - - 1993
We report herein the case of a 56-year-old woman who was diagnosed as having a parathyroid tumor after she presented with hip joint pain and gait disturbance. She underwent surgery and the resected tumor, which weighed approximately 70 g, was found to be an unusually large adenoma of the parathyroid, ...
Ohkusa T - - 1993
This study investigated interactions between mucosal lesions and bacterial invasion in ulcerative colitis using the acridine-orange staining method. In all 16 cases of ulcerative colitis, the mucosa was found to be invaded by small rods and cocci. In five of 10 controls, bacteria were seen only adhering to the mucosa ...
Mandsager N T - - 1992
Benign adenomas of the major vestibular gland are very rare. Presented is a case of bilateral vestibular gland adenomas in a woman whose chief complaint was vulvar pain occurring with sexual arousal and orgasm. Surgical removal of the adenomas relieved the symptoms. The development of pain during sexual response in ...
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