Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 449
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Yoshihara T - - 2000
A case of an 87-year-old female with pleomorphic adenoma of the tongue base is reported, with a review of the literature. The tumour had enlarged gradually over a period of three years, causing dysphagia and dysphasia. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed that the tumour was exophytic and occupy ...
Oriuchi T - - 2000
"Cap polyposis" is a rarely-encountered condition in which distinctive inflammatory polyps are located from the rectum to the distal descending colon. Microscopically, the polyps consist of elongated, tortuous, and distended crypts covered by a "cap" of inflammatory granulation tissue. Although the pathogenesis is unknown, mucosal prolapse has been postulated to ...
Kurtz D H - - 2000
Papillary eccrine adenoma is a rare, slow-growing cutaneous tumor of sweat gland origin. It is a benign lesion that occurs most often in the distal extremities. Only 33 cases have been reported in the literature with few located in the distal lower extremity. There have been no cases reported in ...
Forty M J - - 2000
This case study illustrates an unusual condition in childhood, pleomorphic salivary adenoma in a 12-year-old. The management, pathology and treatment are discussed with emphasis on the practitioner to be vigilant for rare conditions. A review of the literature on childhood salivary tumours illustrates the rare nature of this pathology.
Viswanath N S - - 2000
Sublabial transsphenoidal surgical removal of pituitary tumors is a common procedure with minimal complications. Although many investigators have reported oral sensory compromises following surgery, none has reported any postoperative compromise in speaking ability. In this article, we describe the case of a 33-year-old woman who developed transient but severe speech ...
Kelley J T - - 2000
The seronegative spondyloarthropathies commonly occur in association with such enteropathic disorders as inflammatory bowel disease, enteric infections, and Whipple's disease. Only 3 cases of collagenous colitis have been reported in association with spondyloarthropathy. We describe a 51-year-old patient with bilateral sacroiliitis and collagenous colitis, who presented with chronic, recurrent low ...
Limaye A P - - 2000
We report a case of severe pseudomembranous colitis due to a toxin A(-) B(+) strain of Clostridium difficile in an immunosuppressed patient and discuss the implications for diagnostic testing in suspected C. difficile-associated diarrhea.
Houe T - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: to assess the diagnostic value of colonoscopy in ischaemic colitis following abdominal aortic surgery, based on a literature review, and to introduce the concept of evidence-based medicine. METHOD: a review of the literature according to evidence-based principles was made by all doctors of our department. RESULTS: seven prospective non-randomised ...
Goellner J R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: A parathyroid adenoma demonstrating intranuclear holes on aspiration cytology prompted a review of parathyroid neoplasms to determine the frequency of this phenomenon. METHODS: Aspiration cytology slides from 30 parathyroid adenomas and 1 parathyroid carcinoma were reviewed. In addition, histologic slides from 136 parathyroid adenomas and 7 parathyroid carcinomas were ...
Terashima M - - 2000
We report the case of an 18-year old female with right lower lobe atelectasis, who was admitted to our hospital because of a nonproductive cough. She underwent fiberoptic bronchoscopy that revealed a peduncular polyp in the right truncus intermedius or middle bronchus. Before admission for laser polypectomy, she spontaneously coughed ...
Lam K Y - - 2000
Pronounced lymphocytic infiltration in parathyroid adenoma is rare, with only six previously reported cases in the literature. The aims of this study are to review the features and investigate the pathogenesis of this rare entity. Two solitary parathyroid adenomas having this feature were reported, and the clinicopathologic features of all ...
Woo K - - 2000
In the hypertensive population, primary aldosteronism has been reported to have a prevalence of 0.1% to 2%, with the main causes being aldosterone-producing adenomas and bilateral hyperplasia. However, there is a third rare entity, called unilateral adrenal hyperplasia, that contributes to primary aldosteronism. Unilateral hyperplasia and primary aldosteronism are the ...
Hori A - - 1999
The development of the pharyngeal pituitary (PhP) in the fetal period was morphologically and, for the first time, immunohistochemically examined. PhP, found in every individual, begins its hormone production at the 17-18th week of gestation, that is, 4-8 weeks later than that of sellar pituitary (SP). Only 1 of 25 ...
Hansen T P - - 1999
The recognition of pseudoinvasion is important in the differential diagnosis of adenocarcinoma in patients with adenomas. This distinction might occasionally be difficult, particularly when the dysplasia is pronounced. The present study was undertaken in order to investigate whether the immunohistochemical expression of p53, Ki-67 and the urokinase plasminogen activator receptor ...
Mimura T - - 1999
Adenocarcinoma arising at an ileostomy is uncommon, and only 29 cases have been reported in the literature. The case of a 54-year-old man who developed an adenocarcinoma at a Brooke ileostomy is reported. The ileostomy had been fashioned 21 years earlier after proctocolectomy for familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). A wide ...
Pulimood A B - - 1999
The case is reported of a young adult man with collagenous gastritis, an extremely rare disorder with only three case reports in the English literature, who subsequently presented with collagenous colitis. Sequential gastric biopsies showed a notable increase in thickness of the subepithelial collagen band. Ultrastructural study of gastric and ...
Horvath E - - 1999
Comprehensive article summarizing more than 25 years of experience with pituitary hyperplasia in surgical material. Morphologic forms of hyperplasia--diffuse and nodular--are defined and, for comparison, the normal morphology, frequency and intraglandular distribution of cell types are briefly reviewed. All cell types can give rise to hyperplasia, although their frequency, extent ...
Zikel O M OM Department of Neurologic Surgery, Mayo Clinic Rochester, Minnesota 55905, - - 1999
Prolactinomas are the most common secretory adenomas of pituitary origin. They typically manifest with symptoms referable to their endocrinologic effects or, if of sufficient size, to visual changes due to compression of the optic chiasm. Pituitary adenomas manifesting with hydrocephalus are rare. To our knowledge, only three such cases have ...
Tsang P - - 1999
The histopathologic diagnosis of inflammation is common in colorectal biopsies but is of limited value, if not further specified. We reviewed 280 endoscopic colorectal biopsy specimens for nonneoplastic disease from 100 consecutive patients in order to assess (a) the frequency of inflammation in excess of the physiologic infiltrate, (b) the ...
Meng M - - 1999
57 cases of chronic gastritis complicated by ulcerative colitis were clinically observed. According to the TCM theory of differentiation of symptoms and signs, 4 types of the disease were divided and treated: 1) stagnation of qi in the liver, 2) dampness and heat in gastrointestinal tract, 3) asthenic cold in ...
Keuneke C - - 1999
In patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), hypoosmolality is frequently observed, whereas hypernatremia is distinctly rare. We report two patients with advanced AIDS and cytomegalovirus (CMV) encephalitis, who developed severe hypernatremia without any thirst sensation, that is, adipsic hypernatremia. Both developed severe hypernatremia of up to 164 and 162 ...
Kobayashi T - - 1999
We report herein two cases of intrathyroid parathyroid adenoma, which is a rare condition in patients with hyperparathyroidism. In the first patient, an excised intrathyroid nodule was diagnosed to be parathyroid adenoma postoperatively. In the second patient, preoperative localization studies suggested the possibility of an intrathyroid adenoma. When a pathological ...
Yamagishi S - - 1999
The development of pituitary tumours as a consequence of primary target organ failure is rare. We report here a rare case of pituitary hyperplasia with suprasellar extension due to primary myxoedema. This case presentation suggested the importance of detailed endocrine investigation and repeated magnetic resonance imaging for the differential diagnosis ...
Santelmo N - - 1999
We report the case of a 63-year-old woman admitted to hospital because of bilateral hemothorax associated with acute respiratory failure and laterotracheal neoformation. A right thoracoscopy biopsy revealed a paratracheal parathyroid adenoma which was responsible for bilateral hemothorax and primary hyperparathyroidism. A curative resection was successfully performed by cervicotomy.
Buenting J E - - 1998
Pleomorphic adenomas account for the majority of parotid masses, typically arising in the tail of the gland and enlarging slowly over time. The vast majority are 2 to 6 cm in size when resected. We report resection of the largest benign mixed tumor recorded in the modern English language literature. ...
Oliveira M da D Mda - - 1998
In this work, the authors report the case of a female patient with 24 years of age with hyperprolactinemia, who presented a pituitary stalk calcification as seen by CT scan. Once other possible etiologies were excluded, we concluded that the calcification was probably related to hyperprolactinemia caused by interruption of ...
Rosenfeld D S - - 1998
Sexual acts performed by a sleeping subject have been rarely reported. Two cases are now presented involving sexual behavior performed while asleep. The first case involves the hitherto unreported association of sleepsex with sleepeating. The second case concerns a rarely reported act of sexual battery by a known sleepwalker, and ...
Kolawole T M - - 1998
A retrospective review of the 17 cases of acromegaly, recorded in the hospital and with available CT scans was undertaken in order to determine the presence and of cutis verticis gyrata (CVG) frequency, and the spectrum of other associated radiographic appearances of CVG. The hormone levels were analysed, and the ...
García-González R - - 1998
Gastrointestinal involvement in cases of systemic amyloidosis is very common. In the colorectal mucosa, amyloid deposition is ordinarily seen around vessels or diffusely in the lamina propria. We report two cases in men aged 69 and 29 years, whose rectal biopsies revealed prominent subepithelial amyloid deposits mimicking collagenous colitis. The ...
Marteau P - - 1997
Three cases of apparent primary villous atrophy of the terminal ileum in women with chronic diarrhoea are reported. Eight cases have previously been reported in the literature. Clinical characteristics are the presence of severe chronic secretory diarrhoea with episodes of hypokalaemia combined with signs of ileal malabsorption and/or efficacy of ...
Williams N - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Neutropenic colitis is a clinicopathological syndrome characteristically seen as a complication of chemotherapy for haematological malignancy. This review explores the pathogenesis of the condition and appraises the options for management. METHODS: A Medline search was carried out and all relevant papers were reviewed. RESULTS: There are many case reports ...
Karnak I - - 1997
Enteritis cystica profunda (ECP) is an exceedingly rare lesion of the small intestine. It has identical histopathologic features as colitis cystica profunda, which is mainly a disease of adults and a rare benign lesion of the distal colon and rectum of uncertain cause. Only 12 cases of ECP with only ...
Braithwaite S S - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To review the initial clinical manifestations and diagnosis of silent corticotroph adenoma. METHODS: We report a case and summarize the relevant literature. RESULTS: A 52-year-old patient with hypopituitarism underwent resection of a silent corticotroph adenoma. A circulating species was detected postoperatively, reactive in a highly sensitive adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) ...
Cemeroglu A P - - 1997
Lymphocytic hypophysitis is a rare disorder predominantly affecting females during the antepartum or postpartum period. It is characterized by destruction and lymphocytic infiltration of the pituitary gland, probably by an autoimmune process, leading to a pituitary mass lesion and/or various degrees of hypopituitarism. The lesion is usually confined to the ...
Duncan H D - - 1997
We report a case of a 62-year-old man who developed watery diarrhoea after starting treatment with cimetidine for dyspepsia. Macroscopically, sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy were normal. Histology revealed features consistent with a diagnosis of collagenous colitis. The diarrhoea is responding to treatment with prednisolone and withdrawal of cimetidine. We conclude that ...
Paggi A - - 1997
Hyperparathyroidism due to an ectopic parathyroid adenoma commonly is revealed by parathyroid hormone (PTH) high serum level and its clinical effects on bone loss. We report a case in which exogenous L-thyroxine side effect on bone in the treatment of thyroid solitary nodule disease produced bone loss in a patient ...
Suzuki T - - 1997
A 50-year-old woman sustaining a noninvasive thymoma accompanied by hyperparathyroidism is presented. Although this is the third case report to date in the literature of the combination of these two diseases, the patient did not evidence the myasthenia gravis cited in the two previous reports. In the two years following ...
Yang W E - - 1997
Slipped capital femoral epiphyses are rarely associated with primary hyperparathyroidism, and only four cases have been documented in the English literature. We report such a case. A 13-year-old boy presented with bilateral slipped capital femoral epiphyses. Investigation showed that he had primary hyperparathyroidism due to a parathyroid adenoma. The adenoma ...
Cozzolino D - - 1997
Adrenal hemorrhage is a rare cause of adrenal insufficiency in adults. We examine the incidence, etiology, diagnosis, and therapy of adrenal insufficiency secondary to adrenal hemorrhage. This case illustrates the nonspecific presentation of adrenal insufficiency and the necessity of maintaining a high index of suspicion in a clinically confusing scenario.
Heinze H J - - 1997
Lymphocytic and granulomatous hypophysitis are rare causes of anterior pituitary dysfunction, diabetes insipidus and hyperprolactinemia. The clinical, radiographic, and laboratory features of hypophysitis in two adolescent girls are presented along with a review of the medical literature. These subjects represent the youngest cases of autoimmune (lymphocytic) and granulomatous hypophysitis reported ...
Canioni D - - 1997
Rectal bleeding in neonates is an alarming event which suggests a possible necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) but is usually the only symptom of an unexplained colitis characterized endoscopically by ecchymotic mucosal lesions, the so-called 'ecchymotic colitis' (EC). We studied histologically and bacteriologically 18 infants (mean age: 18 days) presenting with rectal ...
Zuckerman E - - 1997
Pseudomembranous colitis (PMC) is a frequently severe, sometimes fatal iatrogenic disease that is antibiotic-associated in almost all cases. The most common clinical features of PMC include abdominal pain, watery diarrhea, fever, leukocytosis, hypoalbuminemia, and hypovolemia. Ascites, not considered a well-known feature of PMC, is fairly common, based on a review ...
Williamson R M - - 1997
Colonic vasculitis is seen in Crohn's disease and as a component of primary systemic vasculitis. It has rarely been described in chronic ulcerative colitis. Here we report a case of ulcerative colitis with prominent transmural lymphocytic phlebitis and venulitis. Although this is, to our knowledge, the first description of such ...
Hashimoto K - - 1997
One hundred and twenty-four cases of lymphocytic adenohypophysitis have been reported since 1962. Nearly 60% of the cases in women involved inset of the disease in relation to pregnancy. Headache and visual field defects were the most frequent symptoms. Most patients showed signs of either isolated or multiple anterior pituitary ...
Muehlhausen V L - - 1997
Pseudomembranous colitis associated with Clostridium difficile rarely manifests as an acute abdomen and even more rarely as an acute abdomen without abnormal radiologic studies. The following is a case report of a 52-year-old white man who had an acute abdomen without abnormal radiologic studies, and was given a final diagnosis ...
Ashkan K - - 1997
Hypophyseal tuberculomas are exceptionally rare. We report two patients with sellar tuberculoma but with no evidence of concurrent extrasellar disease. Although the lesion is often mistaken for adenoma, there are characteristic radiological features: intense enhancement on contrast CT and thickening of the pituitary stalk on MRI in 86% of cases. ...
Makhdoomi K R - - 1996
Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHP) is most common in adults in the fifth and sixth decades of life, but is seen infrequently in adolescence and is extremely rare in children under the age of 14 years. We report the case of a young female whom we suspect had PHP from the age ...
Jafri S F - - 1996
We report the case of an elderly patient who had ascites due to pseudomembranous colitis and associated hypoalbuminemia. Computed tomography showed diffuse colonic wall thickening. An indium-111 scan to localize the site of infection showed abnormal localization of 111In throughout the colon. Despite treatment, the patient died. Autopsy disclosed no ...
Van Rosendaal G M GM Department of Medicine, Health Sciences Centre, Calgary, Alberta. - - 1996
Two cases of idiopathic colitis affecting the sigmoid colon in elderly patients with underlying diverticulosis are presented. Segmental resection has permitted close review of the histopathology in this syndrome which demonstrates considerable similarity to changes seen in idiopathic ulcerative colitis. The reported experience with this syndrome and its clinical features ...
Nishioka H - - 1996
BACKGROUND: It has been thought that neurohypophysial involvement manifesting as central diabetes insipidus in lymphocytic hypophysitis is uncommon. Although cases with such an association have been reported recently with increasing frequency, the relationship with lymphocytic infundibular neurohypophysitis remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two postmenopausal women who presented with diabetes insipidus ...
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