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Wiedner Ellen E a Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine , University of Florida , Gainesville , Florida , - - 2014
A 10-year record review from a zoological institution in the western USA identified four cases of severe laminitis resulting in rotation and protrusion of the third phalanx through the sole. Laminitis is reported in a Masai giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis tippelskirchi), a Sichuan takin (Budorcas taxicolor tibetana), a greater Malayan chevrotain ...
- - 2014
'...higher rate of cardiovascular events in the 2 h following outbursts of anger.'
Parasole Rosanna - - 2014
Hypereosinophilia as first clinical presentation has rarely been reported in paediatric acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. It is commonly associated with specific cytogenetic abnormalities. Although eosinophilia is considered a reactive, non-neoplastic epiphenomenon, it adversely affects patient outcomes, both in children and adults. We describe herewith two paediatric patients who had marked eosinophilia ...
Kawase-Koga Yoko - - 2014
Odontogenic myxoma is a benign odontogenic tumor with locally aggressive behavior, and is relatively rare in the oral cavity. There are currently no clear surgical management guidelines for odontogenic myxoma, and a variety of approaches may be used. This study evaluated the literature concerning the surgical management of odontogenic myxoma, ...
Jackson Ana H - - 2014
Identification of potentially preventable readmissions is typically accomplished through manual review or automated classification. Little is known about the concordance of these methods. We manually reviewed 459 30-day, all-cause readmissions at 18 Kaiser Permanente Northern California hospitals, determining potential preventability through a four-step manual review process that included a chart ...
Heh-Foster A M AM Department of Pharmacy, St. Joseph's Hospital Medical Center, Syracuse, New York, - - 2014
Erythropoiesis stimulating agents [erythropoietin (EPO)] have been recommended to treat anaemic patients who cannot receive or refuse blood tranfusion ('untransfusable' patients). The objective of the study was to quantify the association of EPO use with haemoglobin (Hgb) recovery in anaemic untransfusable hospitalised patients. EPO treated anaemic untransfusable patients were identified ...
Lee Jang-Hoon - - 2014
A 75-year-old Korean man was referred to our hospital with cramping abdominal pain. His chest X-ray showed an abnormal air shadow above the diaphragm, and computed tomography showed an abdominal viscera in the pericardium. We performed surgery and confirmed peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia with small bowel strangulation. Postoperative course was uneventful. ...
Diamond Ivan R IR Child Health Evaluative Sciences Program, The Hospital for Sick Children, 555 University Avenue, Toronto, ON M5G 1X8, Canada; Department of Medical Imaging, The University of Toronto, 263 McCaul Street, 4th Floor, Toronto, ON M5T 1W7, Canada; Institute of Health Policy Management and Evaluation, The University of Toronto, 155 College Street, 4th floor, Toronto, ON M5T 3M7, - - 2014
To investigate how consensus is operationalized in Delphi studies and to explore the role of consensus in determining the results of these studies. Systematic review of a random sample of 100 English language Delphi studies, from two large multidisciplinary databases [ISI Web of Science (Thompson Reuters, New York, NY) and ...
Law Joanna K JK From the *Division of Gastroenterology, †Department of Pathology, ‡Department of Radiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, §Department of Pathology, Sol Goldman Pancreatic Cancer Research Center, and ∥Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to determine if there had been any change in the number of solid-pseudopapillary neoplasm (SPN) cases detected and their evaluation or management over time. A systematic review of SPN was performed of all articles published in English in PubMed and Scopus. A total of ...
Greenwell Cm C University of Sydney Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Camden, NSW, - - 2014
Metaphyseal osteopathy (MO) was diagnosed in three Australian Kelpie puppies that were presented for veterinary assessment of lameness. The three puppies were siblings. Each was from a different litter by the same breeding pair. The puppy in case one was seen by the authors, and the puppies in cases two ...
Griffin Adrienne Carruth AC Department of Pathology, Passavant Hospital, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, 9100 Babcock Blvd, Pittsburgh, PA, 15237, USA, - - 2014
Adrenal cortical carcinomas (ACC) are rare, typically aggressive malignant neoplasms with a reported incidence of 1-2 cases per 1 million population and account for 0.05-0.2 % of all malignancies. The majority of these tumors are functional with approximately 60 % of patients experiencing endocrine symptomatology typically characterized by Cushing's syndrome (40 %) or ...
Izzedine Hassane H Department of Nephrology, Pitie-Salpetriere, 47-80 Boulevard de l'Hôpital, 75013, Paris, France, - - 2014
Monoclonal antibodies directed against the immune checkpoint protein cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4; CD152) have been investigated in metastatic melanoma and other cancers and have shown promising results. Inhibition of CTLA-4 characteristically induces well-known side effects called "immune-related adverse events" (irAEs). IrAEs mainly include colitis, dermatitis, hepatitis, endocrinopathies; uveitis, iridocyclitis, neuropathies, ...
Coman Roxana M RM Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32608, - - 2014
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an idiopathic chronic inflammatory disorder that affects the colonic mucosa. One class among the drugs used for its treatment is the 5-aminosalicylates (5-ASAs). While highly efficacious in treating mild-to-moderate UC, 5-ASAs are associated with rare but potentially life-threatening side effects such as pericarditis, myocarditis and pneumonitis. ...
Sathe Pragati Aditya PA a Seth G.S.Medical College & KEM Hospital, - - 2014
Abstract Abstract - Objective - The objective of this article is to present an analysis of cases of Fetus in fetu (FIF) diagnosed at our institute and to compare our data with published literature. Methods - This is a retrospective analysis of cases of FIF diagnosed at our institute from ...
Carroll Melissa M Department of Dermatology, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
Dermatomyositis-related panniculitis is a rare cutaneous manifestation of dermatomyositis. There are few reported cases in the medical literature. We present the case of a 60-year-old woman with a 2-year history of dermatomyositis and recent biopsy-confirmed panniculitis treated with prednisone, cyclophosphamide and i.v. immunoglobulin.
Sasaki Jun J From the Division of Critical Care Medicine, Miami Children's Hospital, Miami, - - 2014
North America is home to 2 families of venomous snakes, Crotalinae (pit viper family) and Elapidae (coral snake family). Although there are several published reports describing and reviewing the management of pit viper snakebites in children, there are no recent similar publications detailing the clinical course and management of coral ...
Vaishya Raju R Department of Orthopedics, Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, New Delhi 110076, - - 2014
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is usually recommended for young patients. Several recent articles have however reported comparable outcomes of ACL reconstruction between youth and patients in fourth or fifth age group. But in the literature there are not many reports about ACL reconstruction in patients over 70 years old. ...
Jegapragasan Mithulan M Department of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, United - - 2014
Study Design Case report. Objective The objective of this study is to report the occurrence of tophaceous gout in the lumbar spine. Methods Using a case report to illustrate the key points of gout in the spine, we provide a brief review of gout in the literature as it relates to its orthopedic ...
Burge J Ross - - 2014
The pie-crusting method of ligament and tendon lengthening has been used successfully in various tissues but is not reported in the literature as an option for patellar or quadriceps tendons to address flexion limitation. Our case report discusses a patient with longstanding flexion limitation who underwent primary total knee arthroplasty. ...
Rollandini Jobeth J Heritage Valley Health Systems, Beaver, Pennsylvania (JR, - - 2014
Macrodystrophia lipomatosa (MDL) is a rare, nonhereditary, congenital malformation that primarily affects the proliferation of mesenchymal structures. It presents with localized macrodactyly of one or more digits. The characteristic pathology is associated with hypertrophic fibroadipose tissues, more so to the plantar aspect of the foot. This condition can pose a ...
Aubuchon James P JP Puget Sound Blood Center, Seattle, - - 2014
The utility of a hemovigilance system depends on appropriate, reproducible application of system definitions. This is even more important when submissions are not reviewed by an adjudicating body. We sought to determine how participants would code adverse reactions at institutions that had or had not received training on the application ...
Mews Lorissa L Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada2Department of Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Diprosopus is a medical condition that refers to full or partial craniofacial duplication. A particular subset of this condition, duplication of the mouth, is an exceedingly rare condition, with 7 reported cases in the medical literature. The embryogenesis and mechanism of disease are not well understood. The objective of ...
D'Eufemia Patrizia P Departments of aPediatrics bOrthopaedics and Traumatology, 'Sapienza', University of - - 2014
Idiopathic scoliosis is the most common form of spinal deformity in children. However, secondary causes of scoliosis, such as ganglioneuroma, should be always considered to avoid wrong diagnosis, and further investigations are required when there are atypical signs. We report a case of ganglioneuroma misdiagnosed as idiopathic scoliosis and review ...
Thorsteinsson A-L AL Department of Cardiology, Nephrology and Endocrinology, Nordsjællands Hospital-Hillerød, University of Copenhagen, Hillerød, Dyrehavevej 29, 3400, Hillerød, Denmark, - - 2014
Long-term treatment with bisphosphonates against osteoporosis may cause atypical femur fractures and osteonecrosis of the jaw. Eight cases of bisphosphonate-associated osteonecrosis of the external auditory canal area are published. Based on Danish national registers, we report a time- and dose-dependent increased risk of cholesteatoma in osteoporosis patients treated with bisphosphonates. ...
Aung Phyu Phyu PP Section of Dermatopathology, Department of Dermatology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, - - 2014
Extraocular sebaceous carcinoma is a rare neoplasm. Purely in situ extraocular sebaceous carcinoma is extremely rare and somewhat controversial. Review of the literature reveals only three reported cases, two of which involved the head and neck and one the arm. The ones on the head and neck arose in association ...
Geffrey Alexandra L AL Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, - - 2014
Congenital lymphedema has been described as a possible rare association of tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), with only six previous cases reported in the literature. TSC is an autosomal dominant, multisystem disorder connected to aberrant regulation of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway. The aim of this study is to ...
Uemura Haruka H Disease Control and Prevention Center, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, 1-21-1 Toyama, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 162-8655, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Spondylodiscitis caused by Parvimonas micra, a rarely reported infection, might be under-detected using conventional methods. This report of the detection and treatment of two cases of spondylodiscitis due to P. micra and review of the literature indicates that the use of gene sequencing methods might improve the accuracy of diagnosing ...
Chamadoira Clara C Servicio de Neurocirugía, Hospital São João, Porto. Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Epithelioid sarcomas are rare mesenchymal neoplasms mainly arising in the limbs of young adults. We report the case of a 24-year-old male presenting low back pain radiating to both lower limbs, constipation and urinary retention. The MRI scan showed an intraspinal lesion extending from L4 to S2. Surgery resulted in ...
Hauptman Paul J PJ Department of Medicine, Saint Louis University School of Medicine; Center for Outcomes Research, Saint Louis University School of Medicine. Electronic address: - - 2014
Information is limited about the communication of corrections or errors in the medical literature; therefore we sought to determine the frequency and significance of published errata in high impact factor (IF) journals. Retrospective evaluation of errata reports for papers published in 20 English language general medicine and cardiovascular journals (mean ...
Shaw Andrew A a Ohio State University, - - 2014
Abstract Synovial chondromatosis is a benign condition characterized by metaplastic changes of the synovial membrane typically affecting large joints. Cervical spine involvement is rare and has not been reported in a teenager. The authors report a case of cervical synovial chondromatosis in a 19-year-old male presenting with left sided weakness ...
Dou Ning-Ning NN From the Department of Neurosurgery, XinHua Hospital/The Cranial, Nerve Disease Center of Shanghai, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, People's Republic of - - 2014
Regardless hemifacial spasm (HFS) or trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is commonly caused by an offending artery, 36 cases caused by an arteriovenous malformation (AVM) have been reported in the literature. However, the concurrent HFS and TN caused by AVM have never been reported so far. We reported a case of coexistent ...
Liu Joceline S JS Department of Urology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL. Electronic address: - - 2014
Lichen sclerosus (LS) is a chronic inflammatory genital skin condition that can cause destructive urethral scarring. No prior studies have reported LS in isolated bulbar urethral stricture segments without the presence of progressive disease originating from the penile urethra. We report the incidence of LS in isolated bulbar urethral stricture ...
McConeghy Kevin W KW Department of Pharmacy Practice University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, - - 2014
Evaluate dabigatran adverse event reports with a reported bleeding event and/or reported fatal outcome compared with warfarin. Retrospective analysis of the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) database. We identified reports from October 1, 2010, through December 31, 2011, in the United States listing dabigatran or warfarin as the primary ...
Hughes M A MA University of Utah Rocky Mountain Center for Occupational and Environmental Health , Salt Lake City, UT , - - 2014
Context. Diisocyanates have been associated with respiratory and dermal sensitization. Limited number of case reports, and a few case studies, media, and other references suggest potential neurotoxic effects from exposures to toluene diisocyanate (TDI), 1,6 hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI), and methylene diisocyanate (MDI). However, a systematic review of the literature evaluating ...
Tregunno Philip Michael PM Vigilance and Risk Management of Medicines Division (VRMM), Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA), 151 Buckingham Palace Road, London, UK, - - 2014
Individual case reports of suspected harm from medicines are fundamental for signal detection in postmarketing surveillance. Their effective analysis requires reliable data and one challenge is report duplication. These are multiple unlinked records describing the same suspected adverse drug reaction (ADR) in a particular patient. They distort statistical screening and ...
- - 2014
Hospitals should have a statutory duty to report even 'moderate' harm caused to patients, according to an independent report into a proposed duty of candour published last week.
Hopp Lisa L Indiana Center for Evidence Based Nursing Practice: A Joanna Briggs Collaborating Center, Hammond, Indiana, USA; College of Nursing, Purdue University Calumet, Hammond, Indiana, - - 2014
Risk of bias is an inherent quality of primary research and therefore of systematic reviews. This column addresses the Cochrane Collaboration's approach to assessing, risks of bias, the meaning of each, indicators of low, high and uncertain, and ways that risk of bias can be represented in a Cochrane systematic ...
Pagani Giorgio G Maternal Fetal Medicine Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Spedali Civili and University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy; Fetal Medicine Unit, Division of Developmental Sciences, St George's Hospital Medical School, London, - - 2014
The finding of fetal ventriculomegaly is variably associated with other fetal abnormalities and, even when isolated, thought to be linked to abnormal neurodevelopmental outcome. The aim of this study was to undertake a systematic review and meta-analysis of the current literature to assess the prevalence of neurodevelopmental delay in cases ...
Dageförde K L KL Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Münster, Röntgenstr. 23, 48149 Münster, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to review all Pubmed(®)-listed palaeopathological studies performed on pre-Columbian South American mummies. A total of 61 studies were found (1977-2005). Review criteria included e.g. method of examination, method of mummification, palaeopathological diagnoses and individual age of mummies as well as dating, which ranged from ...
Hey Shi Ying SY Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde, 84 Castle Street, Glasgow, G4 0SF, - - 2014
Laryngomalacia is a dynamic airway condition characterised by inward collapse of flaccid supraglottic structures during inspiration. Although the most common cause of stridor in the paediatric population, adult-onset laryngomalacia remains a rare entity and its management, challenging. Two cases of adult-onset laryngomalacia are reported. A review of the English literature ...
Gilowski Lukasz L Academic Centre of Stomatology and Specialized Medicine LLC, Bytom; Department of Pharmacology, Medical University of Silesia, Zabrze, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Necrotizing sialometaplasia is a self-limiting disorder affecting minor salivary glands resembling a malignant process both clinically and histopathologically. The etiology of this rare inflammatory` disorder is related to an ischemic event. Identified risk factors include alcohol abuse, smoking, drugs, denture wearing, injury and systemic diseases. Also reported are cases of ...
- - 2014
A diffuse multilocular appearance, a moth-eaten radiolucency, the sunray appearance, the Codman triangle (new subperiosteal bone, after the periosteum has been raised), 'floating teeth', pain or paraesthesia should each raise suspicion.
Dolman L L Department of Human Genetics, McGill University, Montreal, QC, - - 2014
Cold coagulation is an ablative method for treatment of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). Despite reports of efficacy against all grades of CIN (CIN1-3), cold coagulation has been infrequently used since the 1980s, and was absent from the recent Cochrane review on CIN treatment. To provide a systematic review of cold ...
Hońćevar A A University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Department of Rheumatology, Ljubljana, - - 2014
IgA vasculitis (IgAV) is assumed to be uncommon in adults. Our aim was to determine the incidence rate of histologically proven IgAV in adult Slovenian population. A retrospective patient chart review of adult patients diagnosed with IgAV was performed at the departments of rheumatology, nephrology, infectious diseases, and dermatovenereology at ...
Zhu R Y RY Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, - - 2014
Spontaneous intramural esophageal dissection (IED) is a rare disease entity. There are few reports of spontaneous IED requiring surgical treatment. Hereby, we report a 37-year-old gentleman who was diagnosed to have spontaneous extensive circumferential IED complicated with esophageal perforation, empyema, and esophageal-pleural fistula. Esophageal stenting and drainage of empyema were ...
Gabrielli Eleonora E Clinica Malattie Infettive, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, - - 2014
As repeatedly pointed out in our article, the data presented are derived from a literature review, thereby determining the risk of bias. It must be underlined that the period we are considering (1936-2013) is significantly wider than those reported by other literature revisions. This fact, along with an increasing number ...
Buetti Belinda B * Department of Neuro-otology, The National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery , London , - - 2014
Objective: This paper reviews the current literature on involvement of the vestibular division of the eighth cranial nerve in peripheral neuropathies. The literature abounds with references to auditory neuropathy, which is frequently related to more generalized neuropathies, but there is a marked paucity of work regarding vestibular neuropathy. A brief ...
Patel Amit Vipin AV Section of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of Chicago Medical - - 2014
Aortic pseudoaneurysms (PSAs) are common complications following cardiac surgery, and carry significant morbidity and mortality. Surgical management of aortic PSAs is associated with high mortality, however there are emerging reports of transcatheter techniques for closure of aortic PSAs. We present two cases of ascending aorta PSA which developed following cardiac ...
Fang Yue-Lin YL Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital, Taipei 111, Taiwan, - - 2014
Phlebosclerotic colitis (PC) is a rare but potentially life-threatening disease. The initial presentation may include non-specific symptoms, such as vomiting, constipation and abdominal pain; however, intestinal stenosis, gangrene and perforation may occur without appropriate management. The present report describes the case of a 56-year-old male with abdominal pain and constipation. ...
de Andrade Ana Luiza Dias Leite AL PhD Student, Oral Pathology Postgraduate Program, Department of Dentistry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, RN, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Actinomycosis is a relatively rare infection caused by saprophytic bacteria of the oral cavity and gastrointestinal tract that can become pathogenic. The chronic hyperglycemia of diabetes mellitus induces events that promote structural changes in various tissues and are associated with problems in wound healing. This infection remains largely unknown to ...
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