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Results 401 - 450 of 2105
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Chandra Prabha S PS NIMHANS Centre for Well-Being, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, - - 2013
Several countries have prescribed standard guidelines for media professionals on suicide reporting. However, the implementation of these guidelines has been varied. Suicide rates in South Asia are one of the highest in the world, and it is known that media guidelines for suicide reporting are not followed adequately. However, there ...
Carroll Christopher - - 2013
Data extraction is a key stage in systematic review, yet it is the subject of little research. The aim of the present research was to use a small case study to highlight some important issues affecting this fundamental process. The authors undertook an analysis of differences in the binary event ...
Olsen Cara H CH Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, MD - - 2013
In 2003, a review of the use of statistics in Infection and Immunity found that more than half of articles had errors of statistical analysis or reporting of statistical results. This updated review of recent articles identifies and discusses the most common statistical methods reported in IAI and provides examples ...
Dong Ying Y Ying Dong, Xiao-Ying Feng, Chun-Meng Jiang, Department of Gastroenterology, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116023, Liaoning Province, - - 2013
To investigate the epidemiology and characteristics of Barrett's esophagus (BE) in China and compare with cases in the west. Studies were retrieved from the China National Knowledge Infrastructure and PubMed databases using the terms "Barrett" and "Barrett AND China", respectively, as well as published studies about BE in China from ...
Alonso-Coello Pablo - - 2013
Clinicians, providers and guideline panels use absolute effects to weigh the advantages and downsides of treatment alternatives. Relative measures have the potential to mislead readers. However, little is known about the reporting of absolute measures in systematic reviews. The objectives of our study are to determine the proportion of systematic ...
Fiest K M KM Department of Community Health Sciences and Institute for Public Health, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alta., - - 2014
Background: Systematic reviews and meta-analyses on the incidence and prevalence of neurological conditions are important methods of quantifying the burden and risk of disease. Methods: The rigorous methodology required in order to minimize publication bias, account for study heterogeneity, and variation in study quality are described. When appropriate, a meta-analysis ...
Scurati-Manzoni Elisabetta - - 2013
Cystic fibrosis per se can sometimes lead to hyponatremia, hypokalemia, hypochloremia or hyperbicarbonatemia. This tendency was first documented 60 years ago and has subsequently been confirmed in single case reports or small case series, most of which were retrospective. However, this issue has not been addressed analytically. We have therefore systematically ...
Khalighi Mazdak A MA Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los - - 2013
Infectious endocarditis is associated with a number of systemic manifestations, including kidney disease. Kidney manifestations, including hematuria, parenchymal infarction, and glomerulonephritis, may affect as many as 40%-50% of patients with infective endocarditis. In a minority of cases of infective endocarditis, routine bacterial cultures do not yield an offending organism. Bartonella ...
Hagiwara Shigehiro S Depertment of clinical Laboratory, Saiseikai Utsunomiya Hospital, 911-1, Takebayashi 321-0974, - - 2013
Desulfovibrio spp. can be found in soil, water, and sewage, as well as in the digestive tracts of animals and humans. We report a case of Desulfovibrio desulfuricans bacteremia during hospitalization with acute cerebral infarction following aspiration bronchopneumonia and severe diarrhea, and the case strongly suggests that Desulfovibrio spp. bacteremia ...
Wilson Meghan N MN Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Louisiana State University, New Orleans, Louisiana, United - - 2014
Objective The types of otogenic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistulae were previously classified into defects through, adjacent to, or distal to the otic capsule. This article presents cases of the three different types of spontaneous CSF fistulae and reviews pertinent literature. We examine the management of the different types of otogenic CSF ...
Fonseca Annabelle L - - 2013
Thymomas are rare pediatric malignancies with indolent behavior. There are fewer than 50 reported cases and no comprehensive review. We sought to evaluate our recent experience with pediatric thymomas, and comprehensively review the extant literature. A systematic search of the PubMed database was performed using keywords: "thymoma", "pediatric", "juvenile", "childhood", ...
Hernández Mateo Manuela M MM Servicio de Angiología y Cirugía Vascular. Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2013
Cystic adventitial disease (CAD) is a rare, non-atherosclerotic vascular condition predominantly seen in middle-aged men with no cardiovascular risk factors. Three cases have been diagnosed and treated in our institution during the past eight years. The purpose of this report is to provide an updated literature review of this condition ...
Vlahovic Aleksandar A Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Burns, Institute for Mother and Child Health Care of the Republic of Serbia, New Belgrade, Serbia. Electronic address: - - 2013
Intraoral localization of alimentary tract duplication is extremely rare. We report a duplication cyst at the floor of the mouth, lined by esophageal epithelium and treated successfully by surgical excision. To our knowledge, this is the third case of intraoral enteric duplication cysts lined with esophageal epithelium reported in the ...
Aviner Shraga S Department of Pediatrics, The Barzilai Medical Center Ashkelon, Israel; Faculty of Health Sciences, The Barzilai Medical Center Campus, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Ashkelon, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2013
Epidural hematoma is a potentially life threatening event that demands prompt diagnosis and surgical treatment, usually following head trauma. We present a case of a 9-year-old boy with no history of head trauma, and who was diagnosed with epidural hematoma secondary to frontal sinusitis; and the medical literature was reviewed.
Davenport Todd E TE University of the Pacific, Department of Physical Therapy, Stockton, CA, - - 2013
Physical therapists increasingly are contributing clinical case reports to the health literature, which form the basis for higher quality evidence that has been incorporated into clinical practice guidelines. Yet, few resources exist to assist physical therapists with the basic mechanics and quality standards of producing a clinical case report. This ...
Shepshelovich Daniel D Institute of Hematology, Davidoff Center, Beilinson Hospital, Rabin Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, - - 2013
We report the development of hypothermia in a patient with Hodgkin lymphoma which resolved with chemotherapy administration. A review of the literature revealed 16 previous reports of hypothermia in patients with Hodgkin lymphoma. Overall prognosis seems to be unfavorable. To the best of our knowledge this is the first report ...
Robert Andres A Section of Thoracic Imaging, Imaging Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, - - 2013
Mediastinal vascular malformations are interesting group of disorders, which are rarely seen in clinical practice. In this case report, we discuss two cases of venous vascular malformations in the anterior and posterior mediastinum. Also, we discuss the findings on cross-sectional imaging and review the classification schemes of these lesions.
Ozmanevra Ramadan - - 2013
Alkaptonuria is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by the deficiency of homogentisate 1.2 dioxygenase activity. The clinical presentation shows an ochronotic pigment which is deposited in all connective tissues, including in cartilage, particularly. The knee is the most common site of peripheral abnormality. There is currently no definitive cure for ...
Hoshino Masato - - 2013
A 39-year-old female patient was referred to our hospital with a suspected esophageal motility disorder following a 4-month history of hiccup and dysphagia. Her past medical and family histories were unremarkable. Prior investigation with upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and esophagography failed to demonstrate any obvious pathology. Therefore, high-resolution manometry was performed, ...
Menniti Michele M Department of Science of Health, School of Medicine, University of Catanzaro and Pharmacovigilance Centre, Calabria Region, University Hospital Mater Domini, Catanzaro, - - 2013
Spontaneous adverse drugs reaction (ADRs) reporting represents a precious resource for control and information about the drug's safety and pharmacovigilance. The current reporting system is mainly based on handwritten forms and later manually loaded into a national electronic database by few local pharmacovigilance centers. This reporting system is complicated for ...
Palleria Caterina C Department of Science of Health, School of Medicine, University of Catanzaro, Italy and Pharmacovigilance's Centre Calabria Region, University Hospital Mater Domini, Catanzaro, - - 2013
Nowadays, based on several epidemiological data, iatrogenic disease is an emerging public health problem, especially in industrialized countries. Adverse drugs reactions (ADRs) are extremely common and, therefore, clinically, socially, and economically worthy of attention. Spontaneous reporting system for suspected ADRs represents the cornerstone of the pharmacovigilance, because it allows rapid ...
Hayek Shady N SN SMCH, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Hand Surgery, Burn Surgery, Beirut, - - 2013
Clinical as well as radiologic diagnosis of infantile fibrosarcoma (IFS) is often a challenging problem due to similarities with tumors of vascular origin. Consequently, in the majority of cases, histological and immunohistochemical studies are considered gold standards for the final diagnosis. The two case reports and the review of literature ...
Walsh John C JC VFA-122, Naval Air Station Lemoore, Lemoore, CA 93246, USA. - - 2013
Brachial plexopathies of various etiologies are commonly discussed in the literature; however, recurrent painless shoulder weakness is an uncommon event, especially in an otherwise healthy adult man. A designated Naval F/A-18 E/F aviator presented with acute right-sided, painless shoulder girdle weakness that initially presented 2 yr earlier in a similar ...
Sarrami Amir Hossein AH Isfahan Neurosciences Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2013
Disseminated mucormycosis is a rare entity most frequently seen in neutropenic patients with hematologic malignancies, post transplants or in patients on deferoxamine therapy. We report a 64-year-old immunocompetent male with an acute pneumonia and a generalized jaundice who died within 24 h. In the autopsy, extensive perforations of spleen and ...
Ochiai Daigo D Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Saitama City Hospital, Saitama-shi, Saitama, - - 2013
Chondrodysplasia punctata brachytelephalangic type is a common subset of a heterogeneous group of chondrodysplasia punctata. Most affected children generally do not have significant physical disabilities; however, a small number of patients are at risk of cervical canal stenosis with cervical cord compression leading to serious morbidity and early mortality. Very ...
Obaid Thaer - - 2013
Variations in the course of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) can occur, including the development of a nonrecurrent inferior laryngeal nerve (NRILN). Rarely, both a right RLN and a right NRILN have been reported in the same patient, merging before they enter the larynx. A case is presented, including images, ...
Kim Kyung Taek KT Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Dong-Eui Medical Center, Busan, - - 2013
Adenomyoepithelioma is a rarely occurring tumor and its generation in the limbs is extremely rare. We report a case of an adenomyoepithelioma over the proximal tibial tuberosity that was treated without any complications after an excisional biopsy with a literature review.
Colville-Ebeling Bonnie B Department of Forensic Medicine, Copenhagen University, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
Current autopsy practice in forensic pathology is to a large extent based on experience and individual customary practices as opposed to evidence and consensus based practices. As a result there is the potential for substantial variation in how knowledge is applied in each case. In the present case series, we ...
Rison Richard A - - 2013
Case reports comprise the core of Journal of Medical Case Reports, are a time-honored tradition firmly established within the medical literature, and represent a growing importance of valuable clinical medical information in our modern information-flowing times. While there is already a body of published literature on how and when to ...
Young Graeme - - 2013
To review existing studies and case reports regarding complications associated with contact lenses (CLs) from unregulated sources of supply and to identify any relevant trends. A systematic literature search was performed to locate publications concerning complications associated with CLs obtained from unregulated sources of supply. A total of 23 articles ...
Chang Yen-Liang YL Department of Otolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery, Cathay General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C. ; School of Medicine, Fu Jen Catholic University, Taipei, Taiwan, - - 2014
Plasmacytoma is an extremely rare and discrete solitary mass of neoplastic monoclonal plasma cells. Extramedullary plasmacytoma (EMP) tends to occur during the fifth and seventh decades of life and is rarely diagnosed in younger patients. Only four cases of EMP have been previously reported in relatively young patients. Here we ...
Balsara Zarine R - - 2013
Spigelian hernias (SHs) are rare in the pediatric population. Although pediatric general surgeons often treat this defect, the increased association between a congenital SH and an ipsilateral undescended testis suggests that urologists may be the first provider encountering this entity. Knowledge of this condition is therefore important. We report one ...
Pereira Mariana C - - 2013
We report 7 uterine cavity calcification cases and systematically review the literature on cases presenting this finding. In our series of cases, mean age of patients was 31.6 ± 5.4 years, with an infertility period ranging from 2 to 8 years. None of our patients had a history of intrauterine ...
Klenke F M FM Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, Bern, - - 2014
Study Design Case report. Objectives With only two previously reported cases, localized amyloidosis of the sacrum is extremely rare. Here we report a 64-year-old woman with a large osteolytic lesion accompanied by weakness and paresthesia of the right leg and difficulties in bladder control. Methods Fine needle biopsy and standard staging procedures revealed ...
Park Bo Young - - 2013
Late seroma is an infrequent complication that manifests as fluid collection in the periprosthetic space at least 1 year after breast enlargement surgery. Interest in late seroma has grown with the potential connection between breast implants and anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL), which presents with clinical symptoms similar to those of ...
Launay Elise - - 2013
An ever-increasing number of studies analyses the distribution, determinants and consequences of time to diagnosis and delays. Weaknesses in their reporting can impede the assessment of the risks of bias and variation and thus create a risk of invalid conclusions and counterproductive clinical and public health efforts. This study sought ...
Pandyan Deepak Abraham DA Assistant Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Sri Ramachandra Medical Center, Chennai, - - 2014
Pseudoaneurysm of the internal maxillary artery is very rare and only a handful of cases have been reported in the literature thus far and none after placement of a prosthetic condyle and a distraction device. This case report highlights the need for early diagnosis, appropriate steps in management, and a ...
Puts M T E - - 2013
Our previous systematic review of geriatric assessment (GA) in oncology included a literature search up to November 2010. However, the quickly evolving field warranted an update. Aims of this review: (i) provide an overview of all GA instruments developed and/or in use in the oncology setting; (ii) evaluate effectiveness of ...
Olsen J J JJ University of Copenhagen, Institute of Odontology, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 20, Nørre Allé, DK-2200 Copenhagen N, - - 2013
We present two cases of apical extrusion of non-setting, calcium hydroxide paste which had been placed as an interappointment root canal dressing during routine endodontic treatment resulting in tissue necrosis of a large part of the mandible. Surgical intervention consisted of resections in both instances. In relation to the cases ...
Salas Natalie Mariam - - 2013
Cellulomonas is a rare but emerging human pathogen, causing infection in only 4 reported cases in the literature. We present the first case of ascending cholangitis with Cellulomonas bacteremia and sepsis, as well as a brief review of the literature. We summarize every case of Cellulomonas reported in the medical ...
Maignen Francois - - 2013
Masking is a statistical issue by which signals are hidden by the presence of other medicines in the database. In the absence algorithm, the impact of the masking effect has not been fully investigated. Our study is aimed at assessing the extent and the impact of the masking effect on ...
Martin Aifric I - - 2013
Emerging data in the peer-reviewed literature indicate that femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (LCS) is a well tolerated and effective alternative to conventional phacoemulsification. Initial reports have largely been based on findings from an optimal patient selection. As confidence with the technology has grown, clinical indications have expanded and the benefit ...
Ahmadzai Nadera - - 2013
Systematic reviews (SRs) can become outdated as new evidence emerges over time. Organizations that produce SRs need a surveillance method to determine when reviews are likely to require updating. This report describes the development and initial results of a surveillance system to assess SRs produced by the Agency for Healthcare ...
Wentzel Jennifer L - - 2013
Objectives: The aim of this study is to systematically review available literature on the outcomes of children treated with balloon laryngoplasty (BLP) as a primary or adjuvant treatment for subglottic or laryngeal stenosis, as well as briefly report on a new series of 60 children treated at the Medical University ...
Chinn Steven B - - 2013
Presentation of a case of pediatric laryngeal neurofibroma (LNF) and review of the world literature. Comprehensive review of the world literature using Pubmed and Google scholar. Pediatric LNF was identified in 62 cases reported in the world literature. The most common presenting symptom is stridor and the most common location ...
Foo Rui Min RM Department of Infectious Disease, National University Hospital, - - 2014
In 2004, veterinary laboratories in the United Kingdom reported a novel Lancefield group B streptococcus, Streptococcus halichoeri, in seals. We report a case of Streptococcus halichoeri causing postoperative empyema in a patient. A search of the literature revealed that this is the first case of S. halichoeri ever reported in ...
Brown David L - - 2013
test for continuous variables. Multivariable logistic regression models were created to determine the independent association of any variable with P<0.1 on univariate analysis. Almost all (94%) cardiologists were aware of report cards of cardiac surgeons. The influence of the report cards on cardiologists' referral decisions was limited, with 25% of ...
Martins-Júnior Paulo Antônio - - 2013
There is little evidence regarding the risks and benefits of replantation of avulsed primary teeth. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review of the literature on the replantation of avulsed primary teeth, analysing the risks and benefits to help guide dentists regarding the best clinical decision-making ...
Bauer Emanuel C A - - 2013
Compartment syndrome (CS) of the lower leg is a rare but severe complication of operations in the lithotomy (LT) position after urologic, gynecologic and general surgery. A delay in diagnosis and treatment can lead to loss of function and even life-threatening complications. The pathophysiology is still not fully understood but ...
Wang Luming - - 2013
Alveolar adenoma, a rare benign pulmonary neoplasm, usually presents as asymptomatic. Since first described in 1986, no more than 35 cases have been reported in the English medical literature. Here we report a case of 48-year-old woman who suffered from this tumor, the patient is doing well 4 years after ...
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