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McConeghy Kevin W KW Department of Pharmacy Practice University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, - - 2014
Evaluate dabigatran adverse event reports with a reported bleeding event and/or reported fatal outcome compared with warfarin. Retrospective analysis of the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) database. We identified reports from October 1, 2010, through December 31, 2011, in the United States listing dabigatran or warfarin as the primary ...
Hughes M A MA University of Utah Rocky Mountain Center for Occupational and Environmental Health , Salt Lake City, UT , - - 2014
Context. Diisocyanates have been associated with respiratory and dermal sensitization. Limited number of case reports, and a few case studies, media, and other references suggest potential neurotoxic effects from exposures to toluene diisocyanate (TDI), 1,6 hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI), and methylene diisocyanate (MDI). However, a systematic review of the literature evaluating ...
Ryu Kyeong Hwa KH Department of Radiology, Inje University Haeundae Paik Hospital, College of Medicine, Busan, - - 2014
Round ligament varicosities are rare, and the mass mimics an inguinal hernia. Round ligament varicosities should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a groin swelling in a female, especially during pregnancy. The diagnosis of round ligament varicosities can be established on grayscale and color Doppler ultrasonography. We report two ...
An Seo-Young SY Assistant Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of - - 2014
This study contributes three well-documented cases of multiple simple bone cysts (SBCs) of the jaws and reviews previously published cases. A comprehensive literature search of multiple SBCs was conducted using the PubMed database. Synonyms of SBC were used as search key words in combination with "mandible or jaw," "bilateral, multiple, ...
Tregunno Philip Michael PM Vigilance and Risk Management of Medicines Division (VRMM), Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA), 151 Buckingham Palace Road, London, UK, - - 2014
Individual case reports of suspected harm from medicines are fundamental for signal detection in postmarketing surveillance. Their effective analysis requires reliable data and one challenge is report duplication. These are multiple unlinked records describing the same suspected adverse drug reaction (ADR) in a particular patient. They distort statistical screening and ...
- - 2014
Hospitals should have a statutory duty to report even 'moderate' harm caused to patients, according to an independent report into a proposed duty of candour published last week.
Hopp Lisa L Indiana Center for Evidence Based Nursing Practice: A Joanna Briggs Collaborating Center, Hammond, Indiana, USA; College of Nursing, Purdue University Calumet, Hammond, Indiana, - - 2014
Risk of bias is an inherent quality of primary research and therefore of systematic reviews. This column addresses the Cochrane Collaboration's approach to assessing, risks of bias, the meaning of each, indicators of low, high and uncertain, and ways that risk of bias can be represented in a Cochrane systematic ...
Pagani Giorgio G Maternal Fetal Medicine Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Spedali Civili and University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy; Fetal Medicine Unit, Division of Developmental Sciences, St George's Hospital Medical School, London, - - 2014
The finding of fetal ventriculomegaly is variably associated with other fetal abnormalities and, even when isolated, thought to be linked to abnormal neurodevelopmental outcome. The aim of this study was to undertake a systematic review and meta-analysis of the current literature to assess the prevalence of neurodevelopmental delay in cases ...
Dageförde K L KL Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Münster, Röntgenstr. 23, 48149 Münster, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to review all Pubmed(®)-listed palaeopathological studies performed on pre-Columbian South American mummies. A total of 61 studies were found (1977-2005). Review criteria included e.g. method of examination, method of mummification, palaeopathological diagnoses and individual age of mummies as well as dating, which ranged from ...
Nissen Trygve T Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Tromsø, N-9038 Tromsø, Norway ; Division of General Psychiatry, University Hospital of North Norway, N-9291 Tromsø, - - 2014
The clinical case report is a popular genre in medical writing. While authors and editors have debated the justification for the clinical case report, few have attempted to examine the long history of this genre in medical literature. By reviewing selected literature and presenting and discussing excerpts of clinical case ...
Hey Shi Ying SY Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde, 84 Castle Street, Glasgow, G4 0SF, - - 2014
Laryngomalacia is a dynamic airway condition characterised by inward collapse of flaccid supraglottic structures during inspiration. Although the most common cause of stridor in the paediatric population, adult-onset laryngomalacia remains a rare entity and its management, challenging. Two cases of adult-onset laryngomalacia are reported. A review of the English literature ...
Gilowski Lukasz L Academic Centre of Stomatology and Specialized Medicine LLC, Bytom; Department of Pharmacology, Medical University of Silesia, Zabrze, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Necrotizing sialometaplasia is a self-limiting disorder affecting minor salivary glands resembling a malignant process both clinically and histopathologically. The etiology of this rare inflammatory` disorder is related to an ischemic event. Identified risk factors include alcohol abuse, smoking, drugs, denture wearing, injury and systemic diseases. Also reported are cases of ...
Dolman L L Department of Human Genetics, McGill University, Montreal, QC, - - 2014
Cold coagulation is an ablative method for treatment of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). Despite reports of efficacy against all grades of CIN (CIN1-3), cold coagulation has been infrequently used since the 1980s, and was absent from the recent Cochrane review on CIN treatment. To provide a systematic review of cold ...
Hočevar A A University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Department of Rheumatology, Ljubljana, - - 2014
IgA vasculitis (IgAV) is assumed to be uncommon in adults. Our aim was to determine the incidence rate of histologically proven IgAV in adult Slovenian population. A retrospective patient chart review of adult patients diagnosed with IgAV was performed at the departments of rheumatology, nephrology, infectious diseases, and dermatovenereology at ...
Zhu R Y RY Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, - - 2014
Spontaneous intramural esophageal dissection (IED) is a rare disease entity. There are few reports of spontaneous IED requiring surgical treatment. Hereby, we report a 37-year-old gentleman who was diagnosed to have spontaneous extensive circumferential IED complicated with esophageal perforation, empyema, and esophageal-pleural fistula. Esophageal stenting and drainage of empyema were ...
Troeltzsch Matthias M Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich, Munich, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Infiltration of the maxillofacial region by multiple myeloma is common and typically appears as punched out osteolytic lesions of the jaws. Although swelling, bone pain, and tooth mobility are characteristic clinical symptoms, root resorption is rare in conjunction with myeloma nests. A case of a 67-year-old man with multiple myeloma ...
Gabrielli Eleonora E Clinica Malattie Infettive, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, - - 2014
As repeatedly pointed out in our article, the data presented are derived from a literature review, thereby determining the risk of bias. It must be underlined that the period we are considering (1936-2013) is significantly wider than those reported by other literature revisions. This fact, along with an increasing number ...
Buetti Belinda B * Department of Neuro-otology, The National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery , London , - - 2014
Objective: This paper reviews the current literature on involvement of the vestibular division of the eighth cranial nerve in peripheral neuropathies. The literature abounds with references to auditory neuropathy, which is frequently related to more generalized neuropathies, but there is a marked paucity of work regarding vestibular neuropathy. A brief ...
Patel Amit Vipin AV Section of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of Chicago Medical - - 2014
Aortic pseudoaneurysms (PSAs) are common complications following cardiac surgery, and carry significant morbidity and mortality. Surgical management of aortic PSAs is associated with high mortality, however there are emerging reports of transcatheter techniques for closure of aortic PSAs. We present two cases of ascending aorta PSA which developed following cardiac ...
Fang Yue-Lin YL Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital, Taipei 111, Taiwan, - - 2014
Phlebosclerotic colitis (PC) is a rare but potentially life-threatening disease. The initial presentation may include non-specific symptoms, such as vomiting, constipation and abdominal pain; however, intestinal stenosis, gangrene and perforation may occur without appropriate management. The present report describes the case of a 56-year-old male with abdominal pain and constipation. ...
de Andrade Ana Luiza Dias Leite AL PhD Student, Oral Pathology Postgraduate Program, Department of Dentistry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, RN, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Actinomycosis is a relatively rare infection caused by saprophytic bacteria of the oral cavity and gastrointestinal tract that can become pathogenic. The chronic hyperglycemia of diabetes mellitus induces events that promote structural changes in various tissues and are associated with problems in wound healing. This infection remains largely unknown to ...
Simoneau Guy G - - 2014
With this issue, JOSPT announces changes to its Board of Directors and publishes a special report titled "It Takes a Team: The 2013 Boston Marathon: Preparing for and Recovering From a Mass-Casualty Event." J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2014;44(3):140. doi:10.2519/jospt.2014.0105.
Bhagat Sanjeev S Sanjeev Bhagat, Department of ENT, Government Medical College, 7-D Rajindra Hospital, Patiala (Punjab) 147001, India. - - 2014
Schwannomas are rare, benign, slowly growing neurogenic tumors that originate in peripheral, spinal, or cranial nerves other than the optic and olfactory nerves. In the head and neck, these tumors usually arise from the vagus nerve and the cervical sympathetic chain in the parapharyngeal space. Cervical sympathetic chain schwannomas represent ...
Sistla Sarath Chandra SC 1 Department of Surgery, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, - - 2014
Abstract The term gossypiboma is used to describe a mass of cotton matrix left behind in a body cavity intraoperatively. The most common site reported is the abdominal cavity. It can present with abscess, intestinal obstruction, malabsorption, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, and fistulas. A 37-year-old woman presented with pain in the right ...
Ferneini Elie M - - 2014
As surgeons, we are often faced with treating many dermatologic and facial lesions. We present a case ofrhinophyma as well as review the medical and surgical management of such a condition.
Sundarapandian S S Assistant Professor, Department of Ear, Nose and Throat, Sree Balaji Medical Colllege and Hospital , Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India - - 2014
Vocal cord nodules are benign neoplastic lesions which occur due to submucosal oedema and haemorrhage, leading to fibrosis and hyalinization. Calcification in vocal cord nodules has not been reported so far in literature. It is thought to be a laryngeal counterpart of idiopathic calcinosis cutis. Here, we are reporting a ...
Venturella Giuseppe - - 2014
Data on the accumulation of metals in wild edible and inedible macrofungi of the Boletaceae family are discussed here and compared with data reported in literature from northern Italy and other European countries, as well as from China, Brazil, and Africa. The results show a significant difference in the values ...
Shirazian Shiva - - 2014
Osteosarcoma is the most common malignancy of mesenchymal cells after hematopoietic neoplasms. Most originate within bones, but the occurrence of this malignancy in the jaw bones is rare. There is controversy about the characteristics of this tumor in the literature. The aim of this paper was to collect the previous ...
Vashishth Ashish A Department of Ear, Nose and Throat, and Head and Neck Surgery Vardhaman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, 110029 New Delhi, - - 2014
We present one of the largest lingual hamartomas of the tongue base to have been reported, along with a review of the current literature and a description of the management of this case, as well as insights into the histopathology of the lesion. A 21-year-old woman presented with a mass ...
Rotimi Olorunda - - 2014
This study aimed to perform a systematic review of all the available published data on CRC in Nigerians over a period of 53 years as a proximate indication of the burden of the disease. The data were sourced from PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE and Google Scholar search engines as well as ...
Al-Tarawneh Emad E Radiology and Nuclear Medicine Department, University of Jordan Hospital, Amman, - - 2014
Intraosseous pneumatocyst is a gas containing lesion located within a bone. It is a relatively rare condition of unclear etiology and with an undetermined natural course. Gas-density-fluid level pneumatocyst is even rarer. Pneumatocyst is frequently seen in adults but rarely reported in pediatrics. The lesion is usually small and is ...
Kallianpur A A AA Department of Surgical Oncology, Dr. BRA IRCH, New Delhi, - - 2014
Inverted papilloma (IP) is a rare, benign tumor of the nose and paranasal sinus. However, it is locally aggressive, the recurrence rate is high and malignant transformation is possible. Until now, IP of the hard palate has rarely been reported in the literature. Here, we reported a case with IP ...
Naina P P Department of ENT, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
Introduction: Schwannoma of the infraorbital nerve is a rare entity, with lesser than a dozen cases reported in literature and only one from India. Report: This article reports a 23-year-old male presenting with a painless swelling in the cheek, which was eventually diagnosed as infraorbital nerve schwannoma. He underwent a ...
Ghorbani Jahangir J Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Chronic Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, Masih Daneshvari Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Tapia's syndrome and pressure alopecia (PA) are two rare but distressing complications associated with orotracheal intubation and positioning of the head during surgery. To our knowledge, simultaneous occurrence of both complications after surgery has not been previously reported. To avoid these disturbing complications, the mechanisms of the injury and the ...
Edelu Bo B Department of Paediatrics, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, - - 2014
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a group of rare inherited disorders of connective tissue with the common feature of excessive fragility of bones caused by mutations in collagen. Diagnosis is mainly based on the clinical features of the disorder. We report, the case of a male neonate delivered to a 33-year-old ...
Prabhu Rv R Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Yenepoya Dental College, Yenepoya University, Deralakatte, Mangalore, Karnataka, - - 2014
Talon cusp (TC) is a relatively uncommon developmental anomaly characterized by cusp-like projections from the cemento-enamel junction to a variable distance toward the incisal edge of an anterior tooth. It usually presents on palatal/lingual surface of the anterior teeth. Studies have revealed that it consists of enamel, dentine and a ...
Manjunath Sm S Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, MM College of Dental Sciences, MM University, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, - - 2014
Odontogenic myxoma (OM) is a mesenchymal tissue benign neoplasia, being relatively rare which is almost exclusively seen in tooth-bearing areas. OM commonly occurs in the 2(nd) and 3(rd) decade and the mandible is involved more commonly than the maxilla. The lesion often grows without symptoms and presents as a painless ...
Kumar McD M Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dental Sciences, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Deemed University, Karad, Satara, Maharashtra, - - 2014
Mesenchymal chondrosarcomas (MCs) are infrequent, slow-growing malignant tumors of head and neck region affecting both bone and soft tissues. It represents approximately 1% of all chondrosarcomas. They usually occur in the middle aged individuals, but rarely seen in young patients. It is commonly found in the ribs and jaws. Involvement ...
Mai C - - 2014
Pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia is a benign mesenchymal tumor of the breast. It is a rare condition and until a few years mainly described in pathological and surgical literature. Here, we provide a case report of PASH and an overview of its radiological features.
Snoekx R - - 2014
Migration of the appendix vermiformis into a femoral hernia is also known as De Garengeot's hernia. We report the case of an elderly patient who was diagnosed with an acute appendicitis within a strangulated femoral hernia sac. Emergency incision and abscess drainage was performed, followed by delayed laparoscopic appendectomy and ...
Fosse Nicole N University of Basel, Basel, - - 2014
Various diseases of pigmentation in the newborn are known, such as congenital or acquired linear hyperpigmentation. Pigmentary lines of the newborn are counted among the transient benign cutaneous lesions in the newborn and appear to be rather rare. This paper reports on a newborn with pigmentary lines in the creases ...
Kim Jae-Joon JJ Department of Internal Medicine, Maryknoll Medical Center, Busan, - - 2014
The diameter and collapsibility of the inferior vena cava (IVC) should be interpreted in consideration with other clinical and echocardiographic parameters before drawing definitive diagnostic conclusions. We report a case of a 46-year-old female with isolated IVC dilation and diminished inspiratory collapse without other abnormalities, and provide a brief review ...
Marchesi Andrea A Dipartimento di Chirurgia Plastica Ricostruttiva, I.R.C.C.S. Policlinico San Donato, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Morandi 30, San Donato Milanese, 20097, Milan, Italy, - - 2014
The demand for decorative tattoos is steadily growing worldwide, and in the US it is estimated that up to 24 % of adults has one or more tattoos. Subsequently, the number of tattoo-related complications is increasing. Among these, lymphoproliferative disorders play a minor but important role. The aim of this article is ...
Dellinger Michael T MT Division of Surgical Oncology, Department of Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA; The Lymphatic Malformation Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Gorham-Stout disease (GSD) is a rare disorder characterized by the proliferation of endothelial-lined vessels in bone and the progressive destruction of bone. Although Jackson described the first case of GSD in 1838, the clinical and histological features of GSD were not defined until Gorham and Stout published their report on ...
Peters S J SJ Orthopaedic Department, Hand Unit, University Hospitals Leuven, Pellenberg, - - 2014
Avascular necrosis of the capitate is rare. Little is known about the aetiology, disease progression or optimal management. From 1992 to 2012 we treated six patients; four had a scaphocapitolunate arthrodesis and two had a four corner arthrodesis. The average follow up was 9 years (range 1-20). Three patients had ...
Macki Mohamed M Department of Neurosurgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, USA; Johns Hopkins Biomechanics and Surgical Outcomes Laboratory, Baltimore, - - 2014
Lumbar disc herniations (LDH) may regress with conservative management; however, this phenomenon is poorly understood for the sequestrated subtype of LDH. We present one of the first comprehensive literature reviews specifically addressing the spontaneous regression of sequestrated intervertebral discs. We reviewed all publications with lumbar disc herniations, sequestrated subtype. Our ...
Arlen Angela M AM Department of Urology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA, - - 2014
Histologically confirmed polyorchidism is an uncommon condition. The majority of cases are asymptomatic and associated with inguinal hernia or cryptorchidism. There are few reported cases of pediatric supernumerary testis presenting with testicular torsion. We present a case of missed torsion with incidentally detected triorchidism as well as an overview of ...
Stanich Peter P PP Peter P Stanich, Samer El-Dika, Marty M Meyer, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH 43210, United - - 2014
To investigate our clinical experience with the colonic manifestations of phosphatase and tensin homolog on chromosome ten (PTEN) hamartoma tumor syndrome (PHTS) and to perform a systematic literature review regarding the same. This study was approved by the appropriate institutional review board prior to initiation. A clinical genetics database was ...
Sulženko Jakub J Cardiocenter of University Hospital Kralovske Vinohrady and Third Faculty of Medicine, Charles University Prague, Czech - - 2014
Few cases of infective endocarditis (IE) as a complication of percutaneous aortic valve implantation (TAVI) have been reported. Here, we present a case of IE caused by Streptococcus viridans that occurred 6 months after TAVI with the CoreValve Revalving System. The patient was successfully treated with antibiotics and was asymptomatic ...
Levine Jonathan S JS School of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, University of California, Davis, CA, - - 2014
The diagnostic utility of contrast-enhanced videofluoroscopic esophagography in dysphagic cats has been rarely studied relative to dogs. Current literature regarding feline dysphagia typically consists of individual case reports or small case series. This retrospective study analyzed the imaging findings in 11 cats undergoing 15 videofluoroscopic swallow studies. Hiatal hernia (n ...
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