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Kargar Mona M Research Center for Rational Use of Drugs, Tehran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran , Iran - - 2014
Introduction: Tuberculosis (TB) treatment, in particular therapy for multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB), is associated with toxicities and adverse drug reactions (ADRs). Areas covered: This paper reviews Iranian literature reporting ADRs which occurred during tuberculosis treatment. English language papers were sourced from PubMed, ScienceDirect, Wiley, Ovid and Proquest, with Google Scholar searched ...
Desy Nicholas M NM Department of Orthopedics, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
Cystic adventitial disease (CAD) is a rare condition that affects arteries and veins. The etiology remains controversial and several treatment methods have been described. By understanding the pathogenesis of CAD, we can improve the surgical treatment, reduce recurrence rates, and improve patient outcomes. The objective of this study was to ...
Lalli Trapper A J - - 2014
The peroneal tubercle is an osseous structure on the lateral side of the calcaneus present in 90% of individuals. Hypertrophy of the peroneal tubercle resulting in stenosing peroneal tenosynovitis has been well described in the literature. Repair of this condition involves operative treatment to remove the hypertrophied peroneal tubercle and ...
Karthika J J Department of Microbiology, Sri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Thiruporur, Nellikuppam, Chengalpet, Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
The association of fungus in allergic fungal rhino sinusitis has been around 200 times in the world literature. As per the available literature, the most common agent identified so far appears to be ASPERGILLUS, though the condition is increasingly associated with Dematiaceous fungi. Here we report for the first time ...
Kim Kyung Soo KS From the Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
The present report describes a case of gossypiboma in the maxillary sinus after treatment for the fracture of the orbital floor with review of the literatures on this interesting disease entity. The suspicion of gossypiboma should be raised when a patient with a history of previous sinonasal surgery, especially Caldwell-Luc ...
Mendes C P CP Department of Dermatology, Medical School, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
Divided or kissing naevi are located on adjacent parts of the body that are separated during embryogenesis. Divided naevus of the penis (DNP) is exceedingly rare, with < 15 cases reported in the English language literature. Divided penile naevi affect the glans penis and inner foreskin, which are anatomical structures believed ...
Kumar Ameet A Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Surgical Division, Base Hospital, New Delhi, India 110010. - - 2014
Thoracic duct cysts are uncommon entities that are usually found in the thoracic segments of the thoracic duct. The presence of a thoracic duct cyst in the cervical area has been rarely reported. Etiologically, these cysts can arise either as a primary growth or secondary to trauma, obstruction, or inflammation. ...
Takahashi Toshiaki T Department of Pediatric General and Urogenital Surgery, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2014
Colo-colonic intussusception (CI) due to a colonic polyp is a rarely reported cause of intestinal obstruction in school-aged children. Hydrostatic reduction (HR) and endoscopic polypectomy are minimally invasive and technically feasible for treating CI. We report a case of CI and review the literature, focusing on the diagnosis and treatment.
Mehta S S Neurology, St Louis University, Saint Louis, MO, - - 2014
Middle meningeal artery (MMA) pseudoaneurysms are very rare and are most often traumatic. They may present as an epidural or intraparenchymal hematoma (IPH). Very few cases in medical literature exist of such pseudoaneurysms and little is known about the optimal management of this pathology. Surgical repair as well as endovascular ...
Modi Yashpal Y Department of Hematology and Oncology, St. Joseph's Regional Medical Center, Paterson, NJ, - - 2014
Extranodal disease in Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) is very rare and it occurs in 15-30% of all cases. The intrathoracic area is the most common extranodal presentation. There are very few cases in the medical literature of breast involvement with HL. We report a 25-year-old woman who had been managed and ...
Hussein Ramadan S RS Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
Angiokeratoma is a rare, usually acquired muco-cutaneous wart-like vascular lesion that is frequently reported in the scrotum. Bleeding may occur if angiokeratoma is excoriated or traumatized. We report an exceedingly rare solitary eyelid angiokeratoma in an otherwise normal middle aged male. Our case represents the second case in the English ...
Sarma Nandyala Hariharanadha NH Department of Pathology, RDT Hospital, Bathalapalle, Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2014
Adenomatoid tumor occurs in the testicular spermatic cord and ejaculatory duct in males and in the fallopian tube and uterus in the females. These are usually small, benign lesions and are mostly incidental findings. Leiomyo-adenomatoid tumor (LMAT) is a variant of adenomatoid tumor, where in the smooth muscle component is ...
Alhazmi Hamdan H HH Department of Surgery, College of Medicine and King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Saudi - - 2014
Congenital anterior urethrocutaneous fistula (CAUF) of the male urethra is a rare anomaly. CAUF can be defined as a urethral fistula in which the urethra and external urethral meatus are intact, typically with intact prepuce and no history of any penile trauma (including surgical trauma).We report 2 cases of CAUF ...
Beyari Mohammed M MM PhD, BDS, MSc, MFDRCSI. Umm Alqura University- Faculty of - - 2014
The issue of reporting conflicts of interest (COI) in medical research has come under scrutiny over the past decade. Absolute transparency is important when dealing with conflicts of interest to provide readers with all essential information required to make an informative decision of the results. The key objective of this ...
Pandey Vivek V Department of Orthopaedics, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka, - - 2014
Though rare, many anomalous origins of long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT) have been reported in the literature. Anatomic variations commonly explained are a third humeral head, anomalous insertion, congenital absence and adherence to the rotator cuff. We report a rare case who underwent shoulder arthroscopy with impingement symptoms ...
George Pradeep Paul PP Health Services and Outcomes Research, National Healthcare Group HQ, - - 2014
To systematically collate and evaluate the evidence from recent SRs of bevacizumab for neo-vascular age related macular degeneration. Literature searches were carried out in Medline, Embase, Cochrane databases for all systematic reviews (SRs) on the effectiveness of bevacizumab for neo-vascular age related macular degeneration, published between 2000 and 2013. Titles ...
Hofmann Alejandro D AD National Children's Research Centre, Our Lady's Children's Hospital, Crumlin, Dublin 12, - - 2014
Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT), a term introduced in the late 1990s accounts for 30-50 % of cases of end-stage renal disease in children. The association of urogenital anomalies and Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR) based on the common genetic background of enteric nervous system and human urinary tract ...
Hardy Hubert H Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Multidisciplinary Federation of Cervicomaxillofacial Oncology, Rouen University Hospital, Charles Nicolle Hospital, 1 rue de Germont, 76031, Rouen, - - 2014
Anatomical variations of the stylohyoid apparatus are frequent. Two types can occur: an elongation of the stylohyoid ligament, from a long styloid process to a complete ossified structure connecting the skull base to the lesser horn of the hyoid bone, or the existence of supernumerary bones in the stylohyoid fibrous ...
AlOtaibi Fahad F Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Radiation Oncology, McGill University, Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada ; Department of Neurosurgery, National Neuroscience Institute, King Fahad Medical Center, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
Background Chordomas are rare, locally aggressive neoplasms thought to arise from notochordal remnants in the axial skeleton. Primary intradural chordomas are considered to be extremely rare. In this article a giant intradural petroclival chordoma is presented, and a synthesis of the available literature is performed to measure overall survival (OS) and ...
Tseng Victor - - 2014
Abstract Background: Peripheral smear review is a critical, but labor intensive adjunct for evaluation of lymphocytosis. Standard practice based on consensus guidelines is to review cases with absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) >5×109/L. We hypothesize that identifying cases for review by applying appropriately adjusted ALC and age discriminators will decrease laboratory ...
Davidoss Nishant N Department of Ear, Nose and Throat, Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, Western Australia, - - 2014
Introduction Congenital cholesteatomas of the temporal bone are epidermoid cysts of embryologic origin that result in progressive desquamation and trapping of squamous epithelium behind an intact tympanic membrane. They are benign, slowly progressive lesions that can be found in various areas of the temporal bone. We report a case of a ...
Lee Dong Jun DJ Department of Radiology, Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, 149 Sangil-dong, Gangdong-gu, Seoul, 134-727, Republic of - - 2014
Intussusception of the appendix is an uncommon condition that is difficult to diagnose with radiology. Endometriosis causing appendiceal intussusception is a rare condition that has only been reported a few times in the literature. Here, we report a case of appendiceal intussusception caused by endometriosis in a 33-year-old woman who ...
Volanis D D Department of Urology, Addenbrooke's University Hospital, Cambridge, - - 2014
With the widespread clinical use of PSA, biopsy of the prostate has become one of the most commonly performed urological procedures. In general it is well tolerated although there is some morbidity and risk of infection. In recent years, there have been increasing concerns that prostate biopsy may lead to ...
Kim Luke Y LY Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Background: Granulocytic sarcoma (GS) is an extramedullary tumor of myeloblasts. We present a case of a primary laryngeal granulocytic sarcoma and review of the literature. Methods: A literature review was performed using Medline and Pubmed databases to search for cases of all primary and secondary myelogenous tumors of the larynx. ...
Rohilla Minakshi M Department of Obstetrics and gynecology, PGIMER, Chandigarh, 160012, UT, India, - - 2014
We are reporting two cases of uterine necrosis and lumbosacral-plexopathy in patients, who underwent pelvic vessel embolization (PVE) following postpartum hemorrhage. Embolization was performed with gelfoam slurry, polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) particles and coil in one patient and with gelfoam slurry only, in second patient. Both patients had lower limbs weakness ...
Raju Ashvin A *Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore; and †Section of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, The University of Chicago Medicine and Biological Sciences, Chicago, - - 2014
A comprehensive literature review of VLNT with updates and comparisons on current application, techniques, results, studies and possible future implications. Lymphedema is a debilitating condition that often results secondary to treatment of cancer. Unfortunately there is no cure. However, microsurgical procedures such as VLNT has gained popularity as there have ...
Zhu Vivian F VF Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, - - 2014
Cholesteatomas are locally destructive collections of epithelial debris arising from temporal bone squamous epithelium. Recurrences may occur after removal and are typically located within the temporal bone. This study aimed to report a case of a massive, recurrent cholesteatoma with extension to temporoparietal scalp in a 37-year-old woman. Case report ...
Minervini Andrea A Department of Urology, University of Florence, Careggi Hospital, Florence, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
A standardized reporting system of nephron-sparing surgery resection techniques is lacking. The surface-intermediate-base scoring system represents a formal reporting instrument to assist in interpretation of reported data and to facilitate comparisons in the urologic literature.
Qin Baodong B Department of Laboratory Diagnostics, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, - - 2014
Epidemiological studies of primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) are crucial for describing the burden to society and the public medical system and for shedding light on aetiology. Previous reports of the epidemiology of pSS show variable outcomes. We conducted a systematic review of the epidemiology of pSS to assess the prevalence ...
Sandoval Mauricio M *Department of Dermatology, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago de Chile, Chile; and †Department of Pathology, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago de Chile, - - 2014
: Postirradiation pseudosclerodermatous panniculitis presents as an erythematous indurated plaque, on a previously irradiated area. Histopathologically, thick and sclerotic septa and inflammatory infiltrate with foamy histiocytes and adiponecrosis are seen. To date, 12 cases have been reported worldwide. Hereby, we report the case of a 68-year-old woman who developed an ...
Galaviz Karla I - - 2014
The purpose of this review was to determine the degree to which physical activity interventions for Latin American populations reported on internal and external validity factors using the RE-AIM framework (reach & representativeness, effectiveness, adoption, implementation, maintenance). We systematically identified English (PubMed; EbscoHost) and Spanish (SCIELO; Biblioteca Virtual en Salud) ...
Vi Nji Stjepan - - 2014
Isolated fallopian tube torsion as a complication of a preexisting hydrosalpinx is a rare finding in pediatric patients. The obvious rarity of this condition, its subtle diagnostic features and dissonant previous reporting about the appropriate therapeutic approach according to age, future conception capacity and potential complications of possible pregnancies make ...
Babiarz Lukasz S LS The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, - - 2014
The authors examined faculty's compliance with a hospital-approved neuroradiology critical findings (CFs) policy, which requires urgent verbal communication with the clinical team when 17 specific critical pathologies are identified. During June 2011 to July 2013, 50 random neuroradiology reports were sampled monthly for the presence of CFs and appropriate action. ...
Mukerji Amit A Department of Paediatrics, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Objective The aim of the article is to review the effectiveness of neonatal noninvasive high-frequency ventilation (NIHFV) in preventing endotracheal mechanical ventilation. Study Design Retrospective case series including all 79 instances of NIHFV use at four participating centers between July 2010 and September 2012. Results In 73% of cases, NIHFV was used as ...
Hadjadj Jérôme J Université Paris Diderot, PRES Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris; Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France; Département de Médecine Interne, Hôpital Bichat, Paris, - - 2014
Autoimmune disorders, including immune cytopenia, are encountered in the setting of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML). The aim of our study was to analyse the association of immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML). We carried out a retrospective cohort study on 565 patients with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) followed in ...
Andreoli Jessica M JM Department of Radiology, Section of Interventional Radiology, Northwestern University, 676 North St Clair Street, Ste 800, Chicago, IL - - 2014
To compare the safety of permanent and retrievable inferior vena cava (IVC) filters by reviewing the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Manufacturer and User Facility Device Experience (MAUDE) database. The MAUDE database was reviewed from January 1, 2009, to December 31, 2012. Product class search criteria were "filter, intravascular, cardiovascular." ...
Miura Flávio Key FK Division of Neurosurgery - - 2014
Abstract Background: A 36-year-old immunocompetent woman with a posterior fossa arteriovenous malformation (PF-AVM) and hydrocephalus presented with low fever and mental confusion 4 days after ventriculoperitoneal shunting (VPS). Methods: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and ventricular catheter tip cultures isolated Corynebacterium sp. Similar to previous cases in the literature, species determination was ...
Shah Anjali A National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Old Road Campus, Oxford OX3 7LF, - - 2014
In countries, such as the UK, where maternal deaths are rare, reviews of other severe complications of pregnancy and the puerperium can provide an additional perspective to help learn lessons to improve future care. The objective of this survey was to identify the types of incidents which triggered local reviews ...
Li Jin-Long - - 2014
The number of systematic reviews (SRs)/meta-analyses (MAs) has increased dramatically in China over the past decades. However, evaluation of quality of reporting of systematic reviews published has not been undertaken. The objective of this study is to evaluate the quality of reporting of SRs/MAs assessing efficacy and/or harms of clinical ...
Venkateshwar Sithara S Department of Pathology, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Pondicherry, - - 2014
We report a rare case of phaeohyphomycotic cyst in an immunocompetent patient caused by Exophiala oligosperma. This fungus is earlier known to cause infections in the immunocompromised. Identification of black fungi at species level is more challenging by conventional methods, and hence final identification of the fungi was based on ...
Mostafa Safinaz S From the Department of Psychiatry and Health Behavior, Georgia Regents University, Augusta, - - 2014
There have been a number of case reports of antibiotic-associated psychosis in the literature that have not been systematically reviewed. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most common bacterial infections and have also been associated with acute psychosis. We performed a systematic review of cases of antibiotic-associated acute psychosis ...
Benamer Hani T S HT Neurology Department, New Cross Hospital, Wolverhampton, United Kingdom; Department of Neurology, Queen Elizabeth Neuroscience Centre, Birmingham, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Systematic review of the frequency and clinical pattern of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) in Arab countries was initiated by a keyword search of PubMed, Medline and Embase and examination of references in all relevant papers. Seven articles were included from Iraq (n=1), Kuwait (n=1), Libya (n=2), and Saudi Arabia (n=3). The ...
Ptacek I I Maternal and Fetal Health Research Centre, Institute of Human Development, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK; St Mary's Hospital, Central Manchester University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Manchester, M13 9WL, Manchester, - - 2014
Histopathological examination of the placenta is recommended to determine the cause of stillbirth. Although some reports find causal or contributory placental abnormalities in up to 60% of stillbirths, the significance of such findings in this clinical setting remains uncertain. A systematic review was conducted to i) investigate the likelihood of ...
Maruyama Ayako - - 2014
Pleomorphic adenoma accounts for 65 percent of all salivary gland tumors. It has been identified in several anatomical regions, but pleomorphic adenoma arising in the ear canal, first described in 1951, is extremely rare. A 40-year-old Japanese man's left ear canal was obstructed by a pleomorphic adenoma that caused mild ...
Koley Sankha S Department of Dermatology, North Bengal Medical College, Darjeeling, - - 2014
Porokeratosis of Mibelli (PM) is a rare genodermatosis. It is caused by proliferation of abnormal clones of epidermal cells in response to several stimuli, the most important of which is sunlight. Giant porokeratosis is thought to be a variant of PM. We report two cases of disseminated PM and one ...
Bukowski John J WordsWorld Consulting , Dayton, OH , - - 2014
The most recent Integrated Risk Information System review of trichloroethylene (TCE; CAS# 79-01-6) has suggested that congenital heart defects (CHD) are a critical endpoint associated with exposure to this solvent. This conclusion was drawn, at least partly, from epidemiologic data, including several relatively recent studies. The current article critically reviews ...
Villwock Jennifer A JA Department of Otolaryngology, State University of New York Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, New - - 2014
There is a paucity of literature on wound myiasis of the head and neck originating in the United States. To our knowledge, only three reports during the past 20 years exist in the literature. Even less common is a case of recurrent myiasis, with only one report published from India ...
Teranishi Yu Y Department of Neurosurgery and Stroke Center, Tokyo Metropolitan Police Hospital, Tokyo, - - 2014
Cavernous sinus angioleiomyoma (ALM) is extremely rare. Only three cases have been reported to be cavernous sinus ALM, and very few reports described characteristic findings for intracranial ALMs in detail. We report a new case of cavernous sinus ALM, with detailed information on the clinical presentation, radiology, pathology, and surgical ...
Aziz Al Thabiani - - 2014
The cases of dengue reported earlier in the late 1990s from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) occurred in the cities of Jeddah and Makkah. Although the kingdom has ample financial resources to establish effective control measures for the dengue vector, numerous cases of dengue occur and fluctuate in numbers ...
Jacobi Christian Manuel Claus CM Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital Zurich, 8091, Zurich, Switzerland; Medical School of the Technical University Munich, Munich, - - 2014
Background: Morbus Ollier is characterized by the presence of multiple enchondromas, i.e. benign intraosseous cartilaginous lesions. Although their manifestation in the limb bones is well described, only few cases with ENT involvement, primarily arising from the skull, have been reported. The malignant transformation toward slowly growing low-grade chondrosarcomas is the ...
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