Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 708
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Uyesugi W Y - - 2000
Granulocytic sarcoma is an uncommon manifestation of myelogenous leukemias in which focal masses of immature myeloid cells from the granulocytic lineage infiltrate bone and soft tissue. It is most common in the pediatric population and may present at any time in the course of the disease, either concurrently with the ...
Paydaş S - - 2000
Granulocytic sarcoma (GS) or chloroma is a neoplasia consisting of myeloid precursors in an extramedullary site. It is generally associated with myeloproliferative disorders especially with myeloid neoplasias. A young woman with huge abdominal mass due to GS associated with chronic myelocytic leukemia (CML) has been reported and literature is reviewed.
Johansson B - - 2000
Three childhood acute monoblastic leukemias (AML M5) with granulocytic sarcomas (GSs) are described. All displayed 11q23/MLL abnormalities, t(9;11)(p22;q23) in two cases and t(11;17)(q23;q21) in one case, constituting around 20% of all 11q23-positive AML cytogenetically investigated in our department. Two of the patients had GS in multiple locations, and all three ...
Scolyer R A - - 2000
Acute basophilic leukemia is an uncommon form of acute leukemia, rarely occurring as a de novo disease. We describe a case of de novo acute basophilic leukemia occurring in a 47-year-old man who presented with abnormal liver function tests in the absence of leukemic infiltration of the liver. We postulate ...
Yokohama A - - 2000
We encountered two cases of T-prolymphocytic leukemias (T-PLL) with complex hypodiploid chromosomal abnormalities. Both cases showed mild organomegaly and marked leukocytosis (144.5 x 10(9)/L, 102.6 x 10(9)/L, respectively). Although both cases developed into refractory progressive diseases at the terminal stage, the oral administration of dexamethasone was very effective for leukocytosis ...
Lynott ANNE - - 2000
Conditions associated with increased peripheral blood and bone marrow eosinophil count may be reactive, clonal or idiopathic. Clonal eosinophilic disorders are characterized by increased production of eosinophils alongside a clone of malignant cells. In these patients, the eosinophils can either be demonstrated as being part of the malignant clone or ...
Böhm J - - 2000
A 74-year-old woman with severe, but asymptomatic weight loss was found to have splenomegaly, thrombocytosis, and neutrocytosis. A trephine biopsy showed a hypercellular bone marrow with a proliferation of abnormal megakaryocytes, mild reticulin fibrosis, and osteosclerosis, i.e., features of an early stage of idiopathic myelofibrosis. In contrast to this predominant ...
Bernard M - - 2000
Jumping translocation (JT) is a very rare cytogenetic event, occurring especially in cancer. We describe a case of secondary acute monocytic leukemia (AML5b) with a JT involving the 3q13-3qter segment and leading to a partial trisomy 3. Each clone with JT was associated with trisomy 8 or tetrasomy 8. The ...
Cooley L D - - 2000
We report the case of a man with chronic myelocytic leukemia (CML) and a 46,XY,t(5;9;22) karyotype who developed acute myelocytic leukemia (AML) with a 45,X,t(8;21) karyotype 11 years after bone marrow transplantation (BMT) from his HLA-matched sister. Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) studies and molecular analysis using short tandem repeat ...
Hennessy B. J. - - 2000
Recently there has been an increased awareness of a possible link between the use of purine nucleoside analogues and myelodysplasia. We report the case of a patient who developed myelodysplasia with complex cytogenetic changes after receiving fludarabine. We review the literature, discuss the possible links between myelodysplasia and nucleoside analogues ...
Resende L S - - 2000
Sudden-onset bilateral deafness as a clinical manifestation of hyperleukocytosis in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a rare occurrence. We found only 27 clinical descriptions in 16 published papers. In this work, the authors present a review on deafness in CML and describe a new case with prominent hyperleukocytosis, where the ...
Breccia M - - 2000
Granulocytic sarcoma (GS) is a rare extramedullary tumor composed of immature myeloid cells. It is usually associated with leukemia or other myeloproliferative disorders, but can also occur without overt hematologic disease, i.e. in patients with a normal bone marrow and no history of acute myelogenous leukemia. This primary extramedullary lesion ...
Ruiz-Argüelles G J - - 2000
The case of an adult with PML/RARalpha(+) hypergranular acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3) that evolved into a rapidly fatal M3 acute myelocytic leukemia without PML/RARalpha after a complete and molecular remission had been achieved, is presented. Only 7 such cases have been published in the literature. The possible origin of this ...
Wu J H - - 1999
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a group of poorly understood disorders. To our knowledge, LCH is a non-malignant disorder. The association of LCH with a secondary neoplasm has not been well assessed, however, a few cases have been reported. We report a case of LCH, a localized osteolytic lesion over ...
Turker A - - 1999
Therapy related acute myeloid leukemia occurs after exposure to various cytotoxic agents. Among typical chemotherapeutic agents are the alkylating agents and topoisomerase II inhibitors. This type of leukemia has been reported after the use of antimetabolites. We report here a patient who developed therapy related acute myeloid leukemia secondary to ...
Sezer O - - 1999
Although eosinophilia has been reported as a side effect of purine analogues, there is no report on fludarabine-induced eosinophilia in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). During chemotherapy with fludarabine and cyclophosphamide, we observed two cases of significant eosinophilia. A 67-year-old patient with CLL developed bone marrow and peripheral blood eosinophilia up ...
Zhang X X - - 1999
We describe a case of acute monoblastic leukemia (AML M5a), originally presenting as granulocytic sarcoma of the testis, showing unusual cytogenetic abnormalities. Tetrasomy 8 (primary) and t(15;17)(q22;q21) (secondary) were detected in bone marrow cells 6 months post-diagnosis, both by routine karyotype analysis and by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) studies ...
Fiegl M - - 1999
A 68-year-old woman presented with profuse hemorrhage and other signs suggesting an acute leukemia. Histologic and cytogenetic evaluation of her bone marrow revealed alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma as the underlying cause of massive disseminated intravascular coagulation and hyperfibrinolysis. A review of the literature reveals that coagulopathy appears to be a common feature ...
Freud E - - 1999
Ecthyma gangrenosum is a cutaneous gangrenous disorder which usually follows Pseudomona aeruginosa infection and is found mainly in immunosuppressed children. We describe a case of a five-year-old female with leukemia with a severe perineal ecthyma gangrenosum resulting in a cloaca-like deformity. One year later a perineoplasty with puborectalis interposition and ...
Scolnik M P - - 1999
The expression of three lineage specific antigens in the leukemic blasts is extremely infrequent. We here report a case of triphenotypic acute leukemia with involvement of the myeloid and B and T lineages. The morphology of the blasts showed promyelocytic features with agranular cytoplasm, suggesting a M3-variant of AML. The ...
Itoh M - - 1999
A case of acute monocytic leukemia (AMoL) with t(5;11)(q31;q23) and a case of acute myelomonocytic leukemia (AMMoL) with t(5;11)(q35;q13.1) are reported. The translocation between the long arm of chromosome 11q and that of chromosome 5q with leukemia have been rarely reported. Though breakpoint of both cases were subtlety different, they ...
Wirostko W J - - 1999
PURPOSE: To report acute dacryocystitis with preseptal cellulitis as the presenting sign of leukemia in a child. METHODS: Case report and literature review. RESULTS: During the initial evaluation of a 17-month-old child with epiphora, left lower eyelid swelling, and a tender left medial canthal mass, a complete blood cell count ...
Fort J A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of pseudotumor cerebri associated with the administration of intermediate-dose cytarabine. CASE SUMMARY: An 11-year-old Hispanic boy with acute myeloblastic leukemia developed symptoms of pseudotumor cerebri (headache, diplopia, photophobia, nausea, vomiting) after receiving chemotherapy including cytarabine. The patient improved after a lumbar puncture and treatment with ...
Varella-Garcia M - - 1999
We report a case of acute myeloid leukemia FAB-type 2 with a translocation t(15;17)(q22;q12) On the basis of the cytological findings, a translocation t(8;21)(q22;q22) was suspected. FISH analyses using specific probes for t(15;17) and t(8;21) detected both PML/RARalpha and AML1/ETO rearrangements in a few percentage of cells. This case demonstrates ...
Dunphy C H - - 1999
An extramedullary tumor of monoblasts in the central nervous system has been described in the literature as a single case report, preceding the development of acute monocytic leukemia by 1 year. We report a previously undescribed presentation of acute monocytic leukemia as a left temporal lobe extra-axial mass with concomitant ...
Nomdedéu J F - - 1999
The c-kit proto-oncogene encodes a 145 kd tyrosine kinase transmembrane receptor, which plays a key role in haemopoiesis. The c-kit has been classified as CD117 and is especially useful in the differential diagnosis of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We analysed 104 consecutive cases (55 AML, ...
Terré C - - 1999
We report a case of chronic neutrophilic leukemia (CNL) in a 68-year-old man. Karyotype showed a clonal abnormality, never described before in CNL: 46,XY,del(11)(q23). Southern blot analysis of the MLL gene did not reveal any rearrangement, and reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis did not show any fusion of ...
Herens C - - 1999
Translocation t(2p;3q) is a rare but recurrent finding in myeloid disorders. We present the first case of primary myelofibrosis with t(2;3)(p21;q26) as the sole chromosomal anomaly. The comparison with the 11 other previously published myeloid-associated t(2p;3q) cases confirms that this nonrandom translocation involves a pluripotent stem cell and is associated ...
Michieli M - - 1999
P-glycoprotein (PGP), lung resistance-related protein (LRP) and multidrug resistance associated protein (MRP) expression and the blast cells' intracellular daunorubicin accumulation (IDA) were evaluated in 96 previously untreated cases of de novo acute non-lymphocytic leukaemia (ANLL). 47/96 patients (49%) were classified as PGP+ 44/ 96 (46%) as LRP+, and 8/96 (8%) ...
Kirkpatrick J - - 1999
Hairy cell leukemia is a rare, lymphoproliferative disorder usually of B-cell origin. It affects men more often than women by a ratio of 4:1, with approximately 600 cases per year in the United States. Leukemias in general are known to be associated with coagulopathies; however, the case reported here represents ...
Kuwabara H - - 1999
We found 16 CD56+ cases (29.6%) among 54 acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients; they showed significantly frequent cutaneous involvement compared to CD56- cases (43.8% vs. 15.8%, p<0.05). Four of the CD56+ AML cases with specific skin manifestations were reviewed histologically. In all cases, cutaneous leukemic cells were seen in the ...
Nakata Y - - 1999
This report describes a unique case of acute myeloid leukemia with hypergranular cytoplasm and t(X;11)(q24;q23). The breakpoint on 11q23 was identified within the MLL gene. The hypergranular cytoplasm of leukemic cells and the associated coagulopathy resembled a characteristic of acute promyelocytic leukemia, despite the absence of RARalpha gene rearrangement in ...
Yu H J - - 1998
We report a case of leukemia cutis with atypical skin manifestations, presented with generalized various sized dark brownish to erythematous patches with plaques on the whole body of a 42-year-old man. Skin lesions developed 6 months ago and had no signs of itching or tenderness. He complained of sustaining fevers ...
Schett G - - 1998
Disseminated infection with Aspergillus terreus is a rare disease that affects only the immunocompromised host. We report a case of systemic infection with A. terreus resulting in endocarditis, aortic embolization, and splenic infarction in a patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Diagnosis through peripheral blood culture, lack of pulmonary involvement, and ...
Yahata N - - 1998
We report the second case of post-myelodysplasia acute myeloid leukemia (post-MDS AML) with a sole chromosome change del(15q). This anomaly is rarely seen. To our knowledge, only seven cases so far have been reported in human neoplasias, including one case each of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), acute lymphoid leukemia, post ...
Schwyzer R - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Granulocytic sarcomas (GS) have been associated with t(8;21). The prognosis of patients with GS is generally regarded as being less favorable than of patients with acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML). GS occurs relatively commonly in Africa and has been reported to affect 10-25% of black children presenting with AML. We ...
Klapper S R - - 1998
PURPOSE: To report a case of chronic, progressive unilateral blepharoptosis in a 73-year-old woman with Waldenström's macroglobulinemia. METHOD: Case report. A biopsy was performed on a thickened and indurated tarsal plate that we believed had resulted in mechanical blepharoptosis. RESULTS: Histologic and immunohistochemistry studies of the biopsy specimen demonstrated a ...
Kudo K - - 1998
The development of therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia (t-AML) has become a growing concern over the past decade, because of the increase in the percentage of long-term survivors of primary malignancy. We reviewed 17 cases with etoposide-related acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) reported in the literature. The close association between treatment with ...
Vasef M A - - 1998
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) of B-cell lineage may be classified using the French-American-British (FAB) classification as L1, L2, or L3 type. L1 and L2 ALLs characteristically express terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) and are surface immunoglobulin (sIg)-negative. In contrast, L3 ALL is typically TdT-negative and sIg-positive. However, in a few large ...
Xue Y - - 1998
Peripheral acute leukemia (PAL) is extremely rare. We report on the first case of acute megakaryocytic leukemia presenting with PAL and complex chromosomal abnormalities. At diagnosis, the patient had 10.5-21% marrow blasts and 55-60% peripheral blasts which expressed CD42b and CD61. Two related clones with the karyotype of 48,X,-X,+3,+9,del(9)(q12q31) x ...
Bernard O A - - 1998
A new case of translocation t(6;11)(q21;q23) in a patient with therapy-related acute myeloblastic leukemia is reported. The translocation results in fusion of the MLL and AF6q21 genes. The breakpoint with AF6q21 is located within the sequences encoding the AF6q21 fork head motif. The similar location of the localization of the ...
Dreyling M H - - 1998
The translocation t(10;11)(p13;q14) has been observed in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) as well as acute myeloid leukemia (AML). A recent study showed a MLL/AF10 fusion in all cases of AML with t(10;11) and various breakpoints on chromosome 11 ranging from q13 to q23. We recently cloned CALM (Clathrin Assembly Lymphoid ...
Dierlamm J - - 1998
The inv(16)(p13q22) masked by different translocations was detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and confirmed by molecular analysis in three adult patients presenting with acute myeloid leukemia (AML)-M2 (cases 1 and 3) and M4Eo (case 2). Cytogenetic analysis revealed 47,XX,t(9;16)(p23;p13),+22 (case 1); 46,XX,t(1;16)(p32;p13) (case 2); and 46,XY,?del(16)(q22) (case 3). ...
Rafel M - - 1998
Transient pancytopenia preceding childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is an unfrequent but well-known event. The association of this preleukemic syndrome with hepatitis is extremely rare, with only two such cases having been published in the literature. We report the case of a 16-year-old boy who was diagnosed with B-cell type ...
Lepelley P - - 1998
The major vault lung resistance protein LRP is a cytoplasmic protein involved in drug resistance, especially in acute myeloid leukemia. We looked for LRP overexpression, using immunocytochemistry with LRP 56 monoclonal antibody, on marrow slides from 41 cases of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). LRP overexpression (LRP+) was defined by expression of ...
Mozziconacci M J - - 1998
We report the case of a young adult male carrying a constitutional unbalanced t(Y;13)(q11-12;p13) leading to a partial Y disomy, and presenting successively, in a 39-month interval, with an Askin tumor and a t(8;21) acute myeloid leukemia. The origin of the two neoplasias in this patient is discussed.
Cağirgan S - - 1998
In this report, we present a patient with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in blastic phase who had two consecutive episodes of spontaneous regression back to chronic phase without chemotherapy. Although, spontaneous remission (SR) is well documented in acute leukemia, SR in CML blastic phase is extremely rare and to the ...
Flaherty L - - 1998
A 72-year-old man with increased monocytes and eosinophils in the bone marrow was found to have an isochromosome, i(14q), as the sole abnormality on bone-marrow cytogenetics. Follow-up over 12 months with repeat cytogenetic testing of bone marrow specimens on three further occasions showed an additional abnormality consisting of an apparently ...
Menon B S - - 1998
This study reviewed the immunophenotyping results of children with acute leukemia in Kelantan, Malaysia. In the 3.5-year period (January 1994 to June 1997), 45 cases were identified. All children were under the age of 12 years and the predominant ethnic group was Malay. Thirty-six cases (80%) were acute lymphoblastic leukemia ...
Chen Z - - 1998
Three cases of acute nonlymphocytic leukemia with a Philadelphia chromosome (Ph) as a secondary abnormality are reported. The Ph was late-appearing in one patient and appeared as an additional anomaly in the other two patients. Fluorescence in situ hybridization studies of the first patient identified the presence of a minor ...
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