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Results 351 - 400 of 695
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Wu J H - - 1999
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a group of poorly understood disorders. To our knowledge, LCH is a non-malignant disorder. The association of LCH with a secondary neoplasm has not been well assessed, however, a few cases have been reported. We report a case of LCH, a localized osteolytic lesion over ...
Turker A - - 1999
Therapy related acute myeloid leukemia occurs after exposure to various cytotoxic agents. Among typical chemotherapeutic agents are the alkylating agents and topoisomerase II inhibitors. This type of leukemia has been reported after the use of antimetabolites. We report here a patient who developed therapy related acute myeloid leukemia secondary to ...
Sezer O - - 1999
Although eosinophilia has been reported as a side effect of purine analogues, there is no report on fludarabine-induced eosinophilia in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). During chemotherapy with fludarabine and cyclophosphamide, we observed two cases of significant eosinophilia. A 67-year-old patient with CLL developed bone marrow and peripheral blood eosinophilia up ...
Zhang X X - - 1999
We describe a case of acute monoblastic leukemia (AML M5a), originally presenting as granulocytic sarcoma of the testis, showing unusual cytogenetic abnormalities. Tetrasomy 8 (primary) and t(15;17)(q22;q21) (secondary) were detected in bone marrow cells 6 months post-diagnosis, both by routine karyotype analysis and by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) studies ...
Fiegl M - - 1999
A 68-year-old woman presented with profuse hemorrhage and other signs suggesting an acute leukemia. Histologic and cytogenetic evaluation of her bone marrow revealed alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma as the underlying cause of massive disseminated intravascular coagulation and hyperfibrinolysis. A review of the literature reveals that coagulopathy appears to be a common feature ...
Freud E - - 1999
Ecthyma gangrenosum is a cutaneous gangrenous disorder which usually follows Pseudomona aeruginosa infection and is found mainly in immunosuppressed children. We describe a case of a five-year-old female with leukemia with a severe perineal ecthyma gangrenosum resulting in a cloaca-like deformity. One year later a perineoplasty with puborectalis interposition and ...
Scolnik M P - - 1999
The expression of three lineage specific antigens in the leukemic blasts is extremely infrequent. We here report a case of triphenotypic acute leukemia with involvement of the myeloid and B and T lineages. The morphology of the blasts showed promyelocytic features with agranular cytoplasm, suggesting a M3-variant of AML. The ...
Itoh M - - 1999
A case of acute monocytic leukemia (AMoL) with t(5;11)(q31;q23) and a case of acute myelomonocytic leukemia (AMMoL) with t(5;11)(q35;q13.1) are reported. The translocation between the long arm of chromosome 11q and that of chromosome 5q with leukemia have been rarely reported. Though breakpoint of both cases were subtlety different, they ...
Wirostko W J - - 1999
PURPOSE: To report acute dacryocystitis with preseptal cellulitis as the presenting sign of leukemia in a child. METHODS: Case report and literature review. RESULTS: During the initial evaluation of a 17-month-old child with epiphora, left lower eyelid swelling, and a tender left medial canthal mass, a complete blood cell count ...
Fort J A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of pseudotumor cerebri associated with the administration of intermediate-dose cytarabine. CASE SUMMARY: An 11-year-old Hispanic boy with acute myeloblastic leukemia developed symptoms of pseudotumor cerebri (headache, diplopia, photophobia, nausea, vomiting) after receiving chemotherapy including cytarabine. The patient improved after a lumbar puncture and treatment with ...
Varella-Garcia M - - 1999
We report a case of acute myeloid leukemia FAB-type 2 with a translocation t(15;17)(q22;q12) On the basis of the cytological findings, a translocation t(8;21)(q22;q22) was suspected. FISH analyses using specific probes for t(15;17) and t(8;21) detected both PML/RARalpha and AML1/ETO rearrangements in a few percentage of cells. This case demonstrates ...
Dunphy C H - - 1999
An extramedullary tumor of monoblasts in the central nervous system has been described in the literature as a single case report, preceding the development of acute monocytic leukemia by 1 year. We report a previously undescribed presentation of acute monocytic leukemia as a left temporal lobe extra-axial mass with concomitant ...
Nomdedéu J F - - 1999
The c-kit proto-oncogene encodes a 145 kd tyrosine kinase transmembrane receptor, which plays a key role in haemopoiesis. The c-kit has been classified as CD117 and is especially useful in the differential diagnosis of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We analysed 104 consecutive cases (55 AML, ...
Terré C - - 1999
We report a case of chronic neutrophilic leukemia (CNL) in a 68-year-old man. Karyotype showed a clonal abnormality, never described before in CNL: 46,XY,del(11)(q23). Southern blot analysis of the MLL gene did not reveal any rearrangement, and reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis did not show any fusion of ...
Herens C - - 1999
Translocation t(2p;3q) is a rare but recurrent finding in myeloid disorders. We present the first case of primary myelofibrosis with t(2;3)(p21;q26) as the sole chromosomal anomaly. The comparison with the 11 other previously published myeloid-associated t(2p;3q) cases confirms that this nonrandom translocation involves a pluripotent stem cell and is associated ...
Michieli M - - 1999
P-glycoprotein (PGP), lung resistance-related protein (LRP) and multidrug resistance associated protein (MRP) expression and the blast cells' intracellular daunorubicin accumulation (IDA) were evaluated in 96 previously untreated cases of de novo acute non-lymphocytic leukaemia (ANLL). 47/96 patients (49%) were classified as PGP+ 44/ 96 (46%) as LRP+, and 8/96 (8%) ...
Kirkpatrick J - - 1999
Hairy cell leukemia is a rare, lymphoproliferative disorder usually of B-cell origin. It affects men more often than women by a ratio of 4:1, with approximately 600 cases per year in the United States. Leukemias in general are known to be associated with coagulopathies; however, the case reported here represents ...
Kuwabara H - - 1999
We found 16 CD56+ cases (29.6%) among 54 acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients; they showed significantly frequent cutaneous involvement compared to CD56- cases (43.8% vs. 15.8%, p<0.05). Four of the CD56+ AML cases with specific skin manifestations were reviewed histologically. In all cases, cutaneous leukemic cells were seen in the ...
Nakata Y - - 1999
This report describes a unique case of acute myeloid leukemia with hypergranular cytoplasm and t(X;11)(q24;q23). The breakpoint on 11q23 was identified within the MLL gene. The hypergranular cytoplasm of leukemic cells and the associated coagulopathy resembled a characteristic of acute promyelocytic leukemia, despite the absence of RARalpha gene rearrangement in ...
Yu H J - - 1998
We report a case of leukemia cutis with atypical skin manifestations, presented with generalized various sized dark brownish to erythematous patches with plaques on the whole body of a 42-year-old man. Skin lesions developed 6 months ago and had no signs of itching or tenderness. He complained of sustaining fevers ...
Schett G - - 1998
Disseminated infection with Aspergillus terreus is a rare disease that affects only the immunocompromised host. We report a case of systemic infection with A. terreus resulting in endocarditis, aortic embolization, and splenic infarction in a patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Diagnosis through peripheral blood culture, lack of pulmonary involvement, and ...
Yahata N - - 1998
We report the second case of post-myelodysplasia acute myeloid leukemia (post-MDS AML) with a sole chromosome change del(15q). This anomaly is rarely seen. To our knowledge, only seven cases so far have been reported in human neoplasias, including one case each of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), acute lymphoid leukemia, post ...
Schwyzer R - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Granulocytic sarcomas (GS) have been associated with t(8;21). The prognosis of patients with GS is generally regarded as being less favorable than of patients with acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML). GS occurs relatively commonly in Africa and has been reported to affect 10-25% of black children presenting with AML. We ...
Klapper S R - - 1998
PURPOSE: To report a case of chronic, progressive unilateral blepharoptosis in a 73-year-old woman with Waldenström's macroglobulinemia. METHOD: Case report. A biopsy was performed on a thickened and indurated tarsal plate that we believed had resulted in mechanical blepharoptosis. RESULTS: Histologic and immunohistochemistry studies of the biopsy specimen demonstrated a ...
Kudo K - - 1998
The development of therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia (t-AML) has become a growing concern over the past decade, because of the increase in the percentage of long-term survivors of primary malignancy. We reviewed 17 cases with etoposide-related acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) reported in the literature. The close association between treatment with ...
Vasef M A - - 1998
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) of B-cell lineage may be classified using the French-American-British (FAB) classification as L1, L2, or L3 type. L1 and L2 ALLs characteristically express terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) and are surface immunoglobulin (sIg)-negative. In contrast, L3 ALL is typically TdT-negative and sIg-positive. However, in a few large ...
Xue Y - - 1998
Peripheral acute leukemia (PAL) is extremely rare. We report on the first case of acute megakaryocytic leukemia presenting with PAL and complex chromosomal abnormalities. At diagnosis, the patient had 10.5-21% marrow blasts and 55-60% peripheral blasts which expressed CD42b and CD61. Two related clones with the karyotype of 48,X,-X,+3,+9,del(9)(q12q31) x ...
Bernard O A - - 1998
A new case of translocation t(6;11)(q21;q23) in a patient with therapy-related acute myeloblastic leukemia is reported. The translocation results in fusion of the MLL and AF6q21 genes. The breakpoint with AF6q21 is located within the sequences encoding the AF6q21 fork head motif. The similar location of the localization of the ...
Dreyling M H - - 1998
The translocation t(10;11)(p13;q14) has been observed in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) as well as acute myeloid leukemia (AML). A recent study showed a MLL/AF10 fusion in all cases of AML with t(10;11) and various breakpoints on chromosome 11 ranging from q13 to q23. We recently cloned CALM (Clathrin Assembly Lymphoid ...
Dierlamm J - - 1998
The inv(16)(p13q22) masked by different translocations was detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and confirmed by molecular analysis in three adult patients presenting with acute myeloid leukemia (AML)-M2 (cases 1 and 3) and M4Eo (case 2). Cytogenetic analysis revealed 47,XX,t(9;16)(p23;p13),+22 (case 1); 46,XX,t(1;16)(p32;p13) (case 2); and 46,XY,?del(16)(q22) (case 3). ...
Rafel M - - 1998
Transient pancytopenia preceding childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is an unfrequent but well-known event. The association of this preleukemic syndrome with hepatitis is extremely rare, with only two such cases having been published in the literature. We report the case of a 16-year-old boy who was diagnosed with B-cell type ...
Lepelley P - - 1998
The major vault lung resistance protein LRP is a cytoplasmic protein involved in drug resistance, especially in acute myeloid leukemia. We looked for LRP overexpression, using immunocytochemistry with LRP 56 monoclonal antibody, on marrow slides from 41 cases of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). LRP overexpression (LRP+) was defined by expression of ...
Mozziconacci M J - - 1998
We report the case of a young adult male carrying a constitutional unbalanced t(Y;13)(q11-12;p13) leading to a partial Y disomy, and presenting successively, in a 39-month interval, with an Askin tumor and a t(8;21) acute myeloid leukemia. The origin of the two neoplasias in this patient is discussed.
Ca─čirgan S - - 1998
In this report, we present a patient with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in blastic phase who had two consecutive episodes of spontaneous regression back to chronic phase without chemotherapy. Although, spontaneous remission (SR) is well documented in acute leukemia, SR in CML blastic phase is extremely rare and to the ...
Flaherty L - - 1998
A 72-year-old man with increased monocytes and eosinophils in the bone marrow was found to have an isochromosome, i(14q), as the sole abnormality on bone-marrow cytogenetics. Follow-up over 12 months with repeat cytogenetic testing of bone marrow specimens on three further occasions showed an additional abnormality consisting of an apparently ...
Menon B S - - 1998
This study reviewed the immunophenotyping results of children with acute leukemia in Kelantan, Malaysia. In the 3.5-year period (January 1994 to June 1997), 45 cases were identified. All children were under the age of 12 years and the predominant ethnic group was Malay. Thirty-six cases (80%) were acute lymphoblastic leukemia ...
Chen Z - - 1998
Three cases of acute nonlymphocytic leukemia with a Philadelphia chromosome (Ph) as a secondary abnormality are reported. The Ph was late-appearing in one patient and appeared as an additional anomaly in the other two patients. Fluorescence in situ hybridization studies of the first patient identified the presence of a minor ...
Lorand-Metze I - - 1998
Prolymphocytic leukemia (PLL) is a rare lymphoproliferative disorder that takes a rapidly progressive course and where therapeutic interventions are often unsuccessful. In this context, the new purine analogs may be a promising option. We report two cases of PLL treated with cladribine. The first patient had been resistant to polychemotherapy ...
Takeshita A - - 1998
Using a non-isotopic ligand binding assay, we quantitatively examined the amount of human thrombopoietin (TPO) receptor (TPO-R) on leukaemia cells from 128 patients with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) or acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). The TPO-R was expressed in 53 (47%) of 114 AML cases, and an in vitro treatment with ...
Valadas G - - 1998
Cancrum oris, noma or gangrenous stomatitis is a disease which affects primarily undernourished and immunosuppressed young children. Frequent in underdeveloped countries, it also is seen in rare cases of patients with AIDS and leukemia in America and in Europe. Once fatal, the disease is now better understood and today the ...
Latimer P R - - 1998
To highlight the need for early diagnosis and treatment of the rare condition of necrotising fasciitis as a complication of botulinum toxin injection, and to illustrate that injections in immunocompromised patients carry a rare but serious risk. A case report is presented of an 80-year-old woman suffering from blepharospasm and ...
Fort D W - - 1998
Unilateral laterothoracic exanthem (ULE) is a rare childhood condition of unknown etiology characterized by a morbilliform rash that usually begins in the axilla and spreads centrifugally. The condition is usually self-limited, does not require specific treatment, and disappears within 4 to 6 weeks. Pruritus may be relieved by oral antihistamines ...
Luño E - - 1998
We report a case of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with trisomy 10 as the sole abnormality. We have observed this case among 202 de novo and untreated AML examined cytogenetically in our laboratory during the last 10 years. The patient was an adult man diagnosed with AML-M2. An interesting morphologic ...
O'Connor S J - - 1997
Acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL) is characterized cytogenetically by t(15;17)(q22:q21) which results in the production of a PML/RAR alpha fusion protein. Detection of the translocation or the fusion gene product is required for objective diagnosis of APL. This can be accomplished by conventional cytogenetic methods, fluorescence in situ hybridization or RT-PCR. ...
Langabeer S E - - 1997
Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) with the t(8;21)(q22;q22) is deemed to be a 'good-risk' disease. 396 patients with AML at diagnosis were screened for the presence of t(8;21) and AML1/ETO fusion transcripts by cytogenetic and RT-PCR techniques respectively. 32 cases of t(8;21) were detected, all of which were also PCR positive. ...
Handa R - - 1997
We report a patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, who presented with pericardial effusion. There was no haematologic evidence of leukemia at the time of presentation. The pericardial effusion resolved with chemotherapy. Although a common finding at autopsy, clinically evident pericardial effusion is rare in leukemia. It is also extremely rare ...
Beverstock G C - - 1997
Tetrasomy 8 is a rare form of acquired aneuploidy found exclusively in the myeloid leukemias. Hexasomy 8 is even rarer: only one case has been reported, thus far. We describe here the second case of hexasomy 8 as the sole abnormality in an elderly female patient with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).
Mok T - - 1997
We report here a case of fatal Penicillium citrinum infection. The patient, who suffered from acute myeloid leukemia, developed signs and symptoms typical of fungal pneumonia and pericardial tamponade after undergoing standard induction chemotherapy. Despite attaining complete remission of her leukemia, the patient succumbed 8 weeks after presentation. At autopsy, ...
Colombo AL - - 1997
A fatal case of Rhodotorula glutinis fungemia in an 11-year-old boy with acute lymphoblastic leukemia undergoing third reinduction chemotherapy is reported. This is the first case of fungemia by Rhodotorula glutinis reported in Brazil.
Kamble R - - 1997
Localized extramedullary collection of leukemic cells is termed as granulocytic sarcoma. Incidences of 2-8% in acute myeloid leukemia have been reported in various autopsy studies. In female it usually involves ovary. Since most of such tumors are asymptomatic, they are detected only at autopsy. We report here a case who ...
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