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Results 301 - 350 of 711
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Langholz Bryan - - 2002
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between traffic density and the risk of childhood leukemia. METHODS: The study group consisted of 212 cases and 202 controls from the London et al. (1991) study of childhood leukemia conducted in the Los Angeles area during 1978 to 1984. Using GIS methods, traffic counts ...
Schwarz Michaela - - 2002
Imatinib mesylate blocks bcr/abl kinase activity effectively, and thus is a promising drug in Philadelphia chromosome positive leukemias. While under imatinib treatment high hematological and cytogenetic response rates could be observed, usually only mild non-hematological side-effects like skin rash, edema, and muscular cramps occur. Here we report two severe cases ...
Mycyk Mark B - - 2002
A 33-y-old male developed severe acidosis, renal failure, and profound neutrophilia after ingesting ethylene glycol. Workup for his neutrophilia excluded infectious and malignant causes. An elevated leukocyte alkaline phosphatase (LAP) level confirmed a leukemoid response, and the neutrophila resolved. Although several leukemoid reactions have been published due to therapeutic agents ...
Jaing Tang-Her - - 2002
An 11-year-old girl who presented with hyperleukocytosis accompanied by significant increases in serum uric acid and lactate dehydrogenase levels was discovered to be suffering from acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Subsequently a staghorn calculus was identified 22 months after the start of chemotherapy. The diagnosis of staghorn calculi was suggested by ...
Paydas Semra - - 2002
Bone marrow necrosis (BMN) is a relatively uncommon clinicopathologic entity. The etiology is diverse, and malignancy, especially hematopoietic in origin, is the most common underlying disease of BMN. In this retrospective analysis, cases with BMN were re-evaluated for etiology, histopathologic details, and clinical manifestations. In the last 8 years, 23 ...
Aslan Vahap - - 2002
A 31 -year-old man was admitted to hospital with onset of difficulty in walking and urinary incontinence, leading to the diagnosis of Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) which was replacing a thoracic vertebra. Four months after the completion of radiation therapy, he was referred to our department with persistent fever and ...
Yamamoto Katsuya - - 2002
We report here the first case of acute myelomonocytic leukemia (AMMoL) with both t(8;12)(q13;p13) and t(11;19)(q23;p13.1). A 75-year-old woman was initially diagnosed as having AMMoL with t(11;19) (q23;p13) as a sole abnormality. At the second relapse, G-banding analysis of the bone marrow cells showed 46,XX,t(11;19)(q23;p13)/46,XX,t(8;12)(q13;p13),t(11;19)(q23;p13). Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis ...
Keung Yi-Kong - - 2002
Chromosomal anomalies involving region 3q21q26 have been reported associated with thrombocytosis in various hematological malignancies, such as chronic myeloid leukemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Recent reports described the association of central diabetes insipidus with AML and chromosomal anomalies involving region 3q21q26. We review the database in our ...
Goraya Jatinder S - - 2002
Clinical and laboratory parameters usually allow an easy diagnosis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia in most cases. Difficult arises, however, when presentation is atypical. A young child with membranous tonsillo-pharyngitis secondary to an isolated neutropenia is reported. The neutrophilic count later showed fluctuations reminiscent of cylic neutropenia. Bone marrow examination revealed ...
Dolan Michelle - - 2002
Structural rearrangements involving the MLL gene at 11q23 are common recurring abnormalities in de novo and therapy-related hematologic disorders. MLL rearrangement most often results from translocation or partial tandem duplication, although recent published reports suggest a different mechanism by which MLL might participate in leukemogenesis: MLL amplification. We report two ...
Jabber Al-Obaidi M S - - 2002
Dual-color interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with ETV6 and AML1 probes was used for the first time on a series of 159 adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), for detection of the t(12;21)(p13;q22) translocation. Seven patients (4.4%) were found, with 50-100% of positive cells, of whom one of ...
Nagendra Sanjai - - 2002
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) should be distinguished from other subtypes of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) because of the increased risk of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and its response to arsenic compounds and retinoids. Some cases of AML seem morphologically similar to the microgranular variant of APL (French-American-British [FAB] AML-M3v) but ...
Czepulkowski Barbara - - 2002
We report the second case of trisomy 10 as the sole abnormality in acute erythroblastic leukemia (AML M6). Trisomy 10 is a rare recurring numerical chromosomal abnormality is probably linked to a myeloblast subset with CD7+ and CD33+ immunophenotype. Most of the 15 cases reported to date in the literature ...
Hur M - - 2002
Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) with a minor bcr-abl transcript is a rare entity. We describe a 66-year-old female who was diagnosed with CML in the chronic phase. Molecular analysis of her Philadelphia chromosome using the reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and subsequent sequencing revealed a minor bcr-abl transcript. Monocytosis resembling ...
Arber Daniel A - - 2002
The morphologic and immunophenotypic findings of 36 cases of 21q22 acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplasia (MDS) were compared, including 14 de novo t(8;21) AMLs, 11 t(8;21) therapy-related AML/MDS cases, and 11 therapy-related AML/MDS cases with other 21q22 balanced translocations [t(n;21)]. Cases were evaluated for the presence of Auer rods, ...
Thangavelu Maya - - 2002
The translocation (4;11)(q21;p15) has been observed in acute lymphoblastic as well as acute myeloid leukemias (ALL and AML, respectively). We report the first case of T-cell lymphoma with t(4;11)(q21;p15) and a case of AML. The clinical history of and cytogenetics in the latter is suggestive of a secondary leukemia; his ...
Breccia Massimo - - 2002
The coexistence of a primary myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and a T-cell cutaneous non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is an extremely rare event, which has so far only been reported in a single instance in the literature. We describe herein an additional case in which the lymphoid disease was combined with an MDS at ...
Suzuki Akitaka - - 2002
We encountered a patient with Philadelphia-negative chronic myeloid leukaemia, with t(7;11)(p15;p15), in whom acute leukaemia phase (acute myeloid leukaemia-M2 morphology) developed within a short period. We detected a novel gene fusion between NUP98 and HOXA11 both in the chronic phase and in the acute leukaemia phase in this case. Although ...
Mohite Unmesh - - 2002
We report an unusual case of a 40-year-old female patient with a severe case of direct Coombs positive haemolytic anaemia, moderate hepatomegaly and marked splenomegaly. Her initial response to steroids was transient and was rapidly followed by a relapse. Therefore, she underwent splenectomy both as a therapeutic measure and to ...
Yosepovich Ady - - 2002
Bone metaplasia is a rare phenomenon in the gastrointestinal tract. We present a case of a 58-year-old man who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for symptoms of chronic cholecystitis. Histologic examination of the removed gallbladder revealed intramural bone metaplasia in association with chronic cholecystitis. To the best of our knowledge, such a ...
Martin Jacqueline - - 2002
Therapy related acute promyelocytic leukemia (ta-APL) is a rare complication of chemotherapy for other malignant tumors. We report two such cases, one of whom was exposed only to carboplatin two years before developing ta-APL and the other one was treated with cisplatin, etoposide and bleomycin five years prior to developing ...
Gokel Yüksel - - 2002
A 62-year-old male patient who developed Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) after cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil treatment for colon adenocarcinoma is reported. CML has been described after therapy for other malignancies, but no case of CML has been reported following treatment for colon carcinoma. It is not clear whether the ...
Chiles L R - - 2001
The occurrence of Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) and malignancy in the same patient is rare. When LCH occurs concomitantly with acute leukemia, distinct temporal patterns often exist; acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) typically succeeds LCH, whereas acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) usually precedes it. We report a case of LCH developing in ...
Wu A D - - 2001
Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) may develop as an isolated, idiopathic disorder or may occur with a temporal relationship to other systemic disorders. We report two cases of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy and membranous glomerulonephropathy (MGN) occurring in the same patients. In each case, the two disorders manifested in close ...
Nathan P C - - 2001
Isochromosome 17q is a commonly observed cytogenetic aberration in hematologic malignancies. Isolated isochromosome 17q usually presents as a marker of a chronic myeloid disorder, with a high propensity for transformation into acute nonlymphoblastic leukemia (ANLL). t(4;12)(q11-12;p13) is a recently described translocation, associated with ANLL, predominantly in adults. In this article, ...
Sandberg A A - - 2001
We present the case of a 12-year-old boy admitted with the diagnosis of acute leukemia, but found to have an infiltration of the marrow by an alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) as determined by the cytogenetic demonstration of a t(2;13)(q25;q14). A primary tumor could not be found. With this case as a ...
Roman J - - 2001
A woman with Ph-positive chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) with an atypical e1a3 BCR-ABL hybrid gene is described. To our knowledge, this is the first report of this transcript type as a unique naturally occurring BCR-ABL fusion in a CML patient. This case was characterized by a low leucocyte count and ...
Bahia D M - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Immunophenotyping is an essential method for diagnosis and classification of acute myeloid leukemias (AML), and its extensive use could identify blast cell subpopulations with aberrant phenotypes rarely seen in normal myelopoiesis. The aberrant phenotypes have been correlated with clinical, morphological and prognostic features but their occurrence in ...
Yağci M - - 2001
Therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome/acute myelogenous leukemia (t-MDS/AML) is extremely rare in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) despite extensive use of alkylating agents. We present a case of heavily treated CLL with resultant therapy-related refractory anemia with ringed sideroblasts (RARS). A complex cytogenetic abnormality including involvement of 3q21 was detected and to our ...
Arber D A - - 2001
To evaluate the frequency and significance of myeloperoxidase positivity in adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), bone marrow biopsy material from 82 adults with ALL was evaluated with a polyclonal myeloperoxidase (pMPO) antibody. Nineteen cases (23%) demonstrated evidence of pMPO immunoreactivity. Positive cases were precursor B-cell lineage, and CD13 or CD15 ...
Bauduer F - - 2001
Fever is frequently the only clinical sign of infection in patients with chemo-induced neutropenia. In this setting, empirical administration of broad spectrum antibiotics must be rapid. The aim of this work was to compare, for the first time, cefpirome (CPO) and piperacillin-tazobactam (PT) in a large randomized trial. Two hundred-eight ...
Dunphy C H - - 2001
A diagnosis of the hypogranular variant of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APLv) may be difficult to establish based on cytomorphology alone. However, the great majority of cases have a classical immunophenotype by flow cytometric immunophenotyping (FCI) (CD13+, CD33+, dim CD64+, HLA-DR-, and CD34-) and a classical enzyme cytochemical (EC) staining pattern. ...
Jaing T H - - 2001
Necrotizing fasciitis caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa is extremely rare. Only 4 cases were reported in the literature. The authors report the occurrence of P aeruginosa necrotizing fasciitis starting out as a vulval abscess in a girl before induction chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia. To our knowledge, this is the second ...
Austen B - - 2001
Fusarium species are increasingly recognised as serious pathogens in the immunocompromised. The outcome in the context of persistent severe neutropenia has been almost universally fatal. However, there have been several case reports of successful treatment if neutrophil recovery can be achieved. This report presents the case of a fatality that ...
Aktas D - - 2001
Tetrasomy 8 is a relatively rare chromosomal abnormality in hematological disorders, and is mostly associated with myeloid malignancies and poor prognosis. In a number of cases, tetrasomy 8 has been reported as an accompanying anomaly with other chromosomal changes. In this report, we describe a 14-year-old girl with acute megakaryoblastic ...
Fowler R - - 2001
We report a case of hepatitis in a 58-year-old woman being treated with thalidomide for end-stage plasma cell leukemia. The patient had a medical history including chronic stable hepatitis C infection. At diagnosis there was a severe anemia, thrombocytopenia, hypercalcemia, IgG paraproteinemia, peripheral blood myeloma cells, and a marrow plasmacytosis ...
Yavorkovsky L L - - 2001
A case of leukemia cutis (LC) of monocytic lineage in a patient with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is presented. Cutaneous infiltrates were recognized concurrent with diagnosis of refractory anemia (RA) with monocytosis. Skin infiltrates subsequently spontaneously regressed although MDS progressed with increasing monocytosis, anemia, and thrombocytopenia. Death occurred 6 months after ...
Li W - - 2001
In order to study the significance of flow cytometry immunophenotyping in the diagnosis of acute leukemia, CD45/SSC gating multiparameter flow cytometry (FCM) was utilized to analyze the immunophenotypes of 139 cases of acute leukemia. 139 cases of acute leukemia were enrolled in our hospital from April 1998 to April 2000. ...
Tanaka M - - 2001
We describe the case of a 73-year-old woman with secondary myelofibrosis who developed subcutaneous extramedullary hematopoiesis. Although extramedullary hematopoiesis has been generally observed in primary myelofibrosis, in this case it was seen in myelofibrosis secondary to polycythemia vera. Histological examination of the subcutaneous nodule revealed that the lesion included cells ...
Quaglino D - - 2001
The authors describe a case of thrombocythaemia, with subsequent leukaemic transformation. Cytochemical and immunocytochemical investigations indicated a trilineage involvement of the myeloid series, compatible with a leukaemic transformation at the level of the colony-forming unit granulocytes, erythrocytes, macrophages, megakaryocytes. No cytogenetic abnormalities were observed. The criteria which have been proposed ...
Langabeer S E - - 2001
Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) with 3q26 cytogenetic abnormalities is associated with overexpression of EVI1, dysmegakaryopoiesis and poor prognosis. Screening for EVI1 transcripts was performed in 336 cases of AML, including 139 patients with acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL). Expression was detected in 7 out of 10 cases with and 23 out ...
Strupp C - - 2000
Pericardial effusion is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia. A case of a 70-year-old female with CMML is reported, who developed a severe pericardial effusion after an initially stable course of disease. She underwent pericardiocentesis and subsequent intracardial instillation of mitoxantrone with poor response. Subxiphoid pericardiotomy ...
Pagano L - - 2000
Secondary malignancies represent a relevant complication of chemotherapy employed for a previous cancer. Acute leukemias represent the most frequent secondary malignancy in the first decade following primary neoplasms; secondary leukemias are generally myeloid and can be preceeded by a myelodysplastic syndrome. The biological and epidemiological characteristics of secondary acute myeloid ...
Kozuch P - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to describe cases of avascular necrosis of the femoral head (ANFH) observed in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients who were treated with interferon-alpha and to review the literature. METHODS: The authors undertook a case review of the M. D. Anderson experience with ANFH ...
Khunger J M - - 2000
Ganulocytic sarcoma (Chloroma) is a tumour of rare variety usually in assocoiation with granulocytic leukemia. It is related to soft tissue with extramedullay infiltration. We present a case of granulocytic sarcoma of humerus which preceded the initial clinical manifestation of acute myeloid leukemia in a young patient which ultimately proved ...
Imashuku S - - 2000
In hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), cytokine-induced pancytopenia is a common finding and is associated with hypoplastic and hypocellular bone marrow and abundant hemophagocytosis. To date, neutrophil nuclear segmentation abnormalities have not been clarified in HLH patients. We report a study of bone marrow from 6 cases of HLH that showed abnormal ...
Zompi S - - 2000
We describe two patients with positive t(15;17) acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL) that developed into a therapy-related myelodysplasia 2-2.5 years after complete remission (CR) and then evolved into therapy-related acute myeloid leukaemia (t-AML). Both patients received anthracyclines as potential leukaemogenic drugs. In both cases, cytogenetic changes usually occurring after use of ...
Török L - - 2000
The authors present the case of a 67-year-old patient in whom bullous pyoderma gangrenosum was the first symptom of acute myeloid leukemia. Histologically leukemic cells were found in the skin infiltrate, on the basis of which this lesion satisfied the criteria of leukemia cutis. It was underlined that in the ...
Roland B - - 2000
A 61-year-old woman with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) in accelerated phase had a near-triploid bone-marrow karyotype. This karyotype is an unusual finding in CML, as we review 12 previously published similar cases. These patients do not differ clinically from other patients with CML in blast crisis. The cytogenetic features of ...
Liberson G L - - 2000
BACKGROUND: There have been conflicting reports of increased incidence of childhood leukemia in the United States with some, but not other, registries reporting increasing rates over the past two decades. Because of the reported discrepancy in childhood leukemia incidence rates an analysis of the SEER database was undertaken. METHODS: The ...
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