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Cibull Thomas L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The histologic diagnosis of myeloid leukemia cutis (LC) can be difficult, requiring confirmatory immunohistochemical stains. OBJECTIVE: We reviewed 21 biopsy-proven cases of LC with emphasis on the use of immunohistochemistry in the diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical and histologic features were reviewed on 21 cases of biopsy proven LC. ...
O'Brien Maureen M - - 2008
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a hyperinflammatory syndrome which can be an inherited congenital disorder or can develop secondary to malignancy, infection, or autoimmune disease. Secondary HLH due to malignancy occurs most commonly with T or NK-cell lymphoid neoplasms. HLH with B-cell malignancies is less common and HLH has rarely been ...
Urs Latha - - 2008
Leukemias are neoplasms that arise from the hematopoetic cells of bone marrow and usually spread first to peripheral blood. Involvement of extramedullary tissue during the course of a leukemia is common and usually does not represent a major diagnostic challenge when the history is available and specimen triage is optimal. ...
Rison Richard A - - 2008
Acute inflammatory polyradiculoneuropathy secondary to chemotherapy for leukemia has been described in the pediatric literature. However, the reports are rare and have been mainly from intrathecal methotrexate in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients who developed demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy. A case report is presented of an unfortunate 53 year old Hispanic woman ...
Asghar Salman - - 2008
A rare case of culture-positive Nocardia canaliculitis is reported that presented with a history of chronic conjunctivitis and epiphora for the last 1.4 years, refractory to multiple treatment courses. Chronic conjunctivitis and a pouted punctum were observed in the right lower eyelid. Probing and sac syringing was performed. The "Sulfur ...
Konuma Takaaki - - 2008
Acute tumor lysis syndrome (ATLS) is a well-recognized complication of systemic chemotherapy for rapidly proliferating neoplasms. ATLS has rarely occurred after intrathecal chemotherapy for the treatment of leukemia with meningeal involvement. Here, we report a case of fatal ATLS complicating intrathecal injections of methotrexate, cytarabine and hydrocortisone for acute lymphoblastic ...
Smith Lorie B - - 2007
Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) is a distinct myeloproliferative malignancy of early childhood with a varied clinical presentation that may include failure to thrive, malaise, fever, bleeding, pallor, lymphadenopathy, and hepatosplenomegaly. Skin, pulmonary, and gastrointestinal involvement have also been reported. There are no reports of central nervous system (CNS) involvement at ...
Goel Ruchika - - 2007
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are clonal disorders of hematopoietic stem cell. Patients have a deteriorating course with about 30% evolving into acute leukemias usually of the myeloid phenotype. Evolution into acute lymphoblastic leukemia is a rare and intriguing phenomenon seen in far less than 1% of adult cases, and extremely rare ...
Pitman Sean D - - 2007
Authors report a rare case of granular acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in a 45-year-old woman with a history of multiple myeloma. The patient's lymphoblasts contained large numbers of distinctive cytoplasmic granules closely mimicking heavily granulated myeloblasts in acute myeloid leukemia. These blasts were completely negative for myeloperoxidase but positive for ...
Natelson Ethan A - - 2007
Benzene-induced acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is considered a secondary form of AML, based both in theory and on limited cohort observations. Its latency, cytogenetic aberrations, and clinical features are thought similar to, or identical with, AML resulting from the use of modern day cytotoxic agents for chemotherapy and immunotherapy. Although ...
Kalbani Naifain Al - - 2007
A case of a six-year-old boy presenting with gross hematuria is reported. Investigations revealed the etiology of the hematuria to be thrombocytopenia in the setting of newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The diagnosis of leukemia was confirmed by bone marrow examination. The patient's hematuria completely resolved with platelet transfusions. Although ...
Breccia Massimo - - 2008
Since very few unusual BCR/ABL fusion transcripts in chronic myeloid leukemia have been reported, no clear evidence exists concerning their clinical and prognostic implications. We describe here a CML case with normal karyotype at standard cytogenetics and an atypical e6a2 BCR/ABL fusion transcript, presenting at diagnosis isolated thrombocytosis and mild ...
Usmani Saad Z - - 2007
Myeloid sarcoma (MS) is a very rare disease that either presents with acute myeloid leukemia or as relapse of acute myeloid leukemia. The common sites include the small intestine, skin, bone, and lymph nodes. We present an unusual case of MS presenting with acute renal failure (ARF) and bilateral ureteral ...
Acar Gül Ozbilen - - 2007
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is one of the etiologic causes of sudden hearing loss and vertigo. However, deafness in association with vestibular symptoms rarely occurs in CML as the first sign. In this article, a 50-year-old male with CML whose first signs and symptoms were unilateral sudden hearing loss and ...
Sumrall Ashley - - 2007
A 58-year-old male with migraine headaches, complex partial epilepsy, and secondary progressive multiple sclerosis treated with mitoxantrone was admitted to our facility in August 2005 with febrile neutropenia, worsening ataxia, aphasia, cough, and declining mental status. Bone marrow aspirate was consistent with acute nonlymphoblastic leukemia. Review of the literature reveals ...
Ewens Warren J - - 2007
We present a rapid method for the exact calculation of the cumulative distribution function of the maximum of multinomially distributed random variables. The method runs in time O(mn), where m is the desired maximum and n is the number of variables. We apply the method to the analysis of two ...
Gao Fei - - 2007
Inconsistent seasonal patterns in peak presentation of acute lymphoblastic leukemia have been reported but no formal synthesis of published reports has been attempted to date. We extracted monthly tabulations of cases from publications and reanalysed using an angular methodology and the von Mises distribution. Twenty-four articles from 11 countries in ...
Sadler Genevieve M - - 2007
We report two boys with trichodysplasia spinulosa associated with chemotherapy for acute lymphocytic leukaemia. Trichodysplasia spinulosa is a cutaneous viral infection of immunosuppressed patients that causes abnormal hair follicle maturation. Our patients presented with widespread papules, some extruding a central keratin spicule, which were most prominent on the face. Histopathology ...
Mann G - - 2007
The t(4;11)-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a rare disease in children above the age of 1 year. We studied the clinical and biological characteristics in 32 consecutively diagnosed childhood cases (median age 10.0 years, range 1.0-17.1 years). Immunophenotyping revealed a pro-B and a pre-B stage in 24 and eight ...
Schnittger S - - 2007
The spectrum of CBFB-MYH11 fusion transcripts in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) M4eo with inv(16)/t(16;16) is heterogeneous. Approximately 85% show type A CBFB-MYH11 fusion transcripts. In addition, more than 10 different fusion transcripts have been reported. The prognostic impact and biological background of rare fusion transcripts remain open. In this study, ...
Abdelkefi Abderrahman - - 2007
We report an unsual case of a woman with acute myeloid leukemia who showed an isolated extramedullary relapse (IEMR) in the breast following allogeneic stem cell transplantation and review the related literature. Eighty cases of IEMR following allogeneic stem cell transplantation, including our case, were identified. The review suggests that ...
Shibasaki Tomoko - - 2007
BACKGROUND: This is a case report of fetal leukemia associated with hydramnios. CASE: When the hydramnios was treated with amnioreduction, near-term bradycardia was recorded ultrasonographically, resulting in immediate cesarean delivery. At birth, neonatal leukemia was diagnosed and there was no evidence of chromosomal abnormalities. The infant died of pulmonary hemorrhage. ...
Peterson Michael R - - 2007
CD5-positive B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is an exceedingly rare entity, with only a single case report in the literature. We report 2 additional cases of CD5-positive B-cell ALL in a 16-year-old male and a 15-year-old female. The 1st case was initially misdiagnosed as Ewing sarcoma due to a lack ...
Yildiz Ozcan - - 2007
Thymoma associated with hypogammaglobulinemia and profound susceptibility to recurrent and serious infections was first reported by Good in 1954, after whom it was named as Good's syndrome. Chronic diarrhea associated with thymoma is almost always seen in patients with hypogammaglobulinemia. However, chronic diarrhea in a setting of normal gammaglobulins have ...
Alioglu Bulent - - 2007
Aspergillosis is one of the most common invasive fungal infections in patients with leukemia. In this patient group, this form of Aspergillus infection is a life-threatening condition with a mortality of 50-100%. The lungs are most often affected, but the esophagus can also be involved.The authors report the case of ...
Chen Weina - - 2007
Essentially all cases of precursor B-lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma (B-ALL) demonstrate multiple immunophenotypic aberrancies relative to normal maturing B-cell precursors (hematogones). The stability of these aberrancies has relevance to follow-up minimal residual disease analysis. We compared the immunophenotypes at diagnosis and relapse in 51 childhood and adult B-ALLs with flow cytometry (FC) ...
Anil Sukumaran - - 2007
AIM: The aim of this article is to present a brief review of plasma cell gingivitis (PCG) along with reports of three cases with varying clinical presentations of the condition associated with the use of herbal toothpaste. BACKGROUND: PCG is a rare benign condition of the gingiva characterized by sharply ...
Morerio Cristina - - 2006
The inv(11)(p15q22), a rare but recurrent chromosome abnormality that creates a NUP98-DDX10 fusion gene, is associated with de novo or secondary myeloid malignancies. We report a case of acute monocytic leukemia presenting this rearrangement, studied using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and reverse transcriptase-PCR (RT-PCR). We also review the cases ...
Riccio Brett - - 2006
Spontaneous tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) is a constellation of electrolyte abnormalities and acute renal failure, which occurs in the setting of rapid cell turnover prior to the administration of cytotoxic chemotherapy. While spontaneous TLS is well described in patients with Burkitt's lymphoma, it is thought to occur less commonly in ...
Paydas Semra - - 2006
Thirty-two cases of granulocytic sarcoma (GS) are reported in this paper. Age range was from 16 - 70 years. GS was accompanied by AML in 13 cases, ALL (My+) in one case, CML in 11 cases and MDS in two cases. GS was diagnosed simultaneously with leukemia in five cases ...
Breccia Massimo - - 2006
In the WHO classification atypical chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) has been considered as a new distinct clinical entity included in the category of mixed myeloproliferative/myelodysplastic disorders. Little is known about this uncommon disease, whose incidence is about of one-two cases every 100 cases of Ph-positive CML. We analyzed our series ...
Savaşan Süreyya - - 2006
The outcome for children with acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (AMKL) remains poor, except for cases associated with Down syndrome (DS). This study compared immunophenotypic and drug sensitivity patterns of childhood AMKL cases with or without DS. All DS-AMKL cases showed high expression of CD36 and were very sensitive to cytarabine and ...
Barton James C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Vibrio vulnificus infection in persons with B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) or hypogammaglobulinemia has been reported infrequently. PATIENT AND METHODS: A woman with B-CLL, hypogammaglobulinemia, and hepatic cirrhosis died of V. vulnificus bacteremia after eating cooked shrimp and crabs. We reviewed host and exposure data in 252 cases of V. ...
Sachdeva Man Updesh Singh - - 2006
French-American-British classification for leukemias had been widely accepted due to its objectiveness and good reproducibility. WHO classification of leukemias was formulated in 1997 with a purpose of further enhancing the objectivity. However, the requirement of cytogenetics and immunophenotyping makes it difficult for many countries like India to put WHO classification ...
Qadir Misbah - - 2006
Diagnostic evaluation of acute leukemia at Roswell Park Cancer Institute has routinely included immunophenotyping by multiparameter flow cytometry. In a retrospective analysis of 646 cases, morphology and cytochemistry established lineage in 612, but not in 34 (5%), of which 26, 5, and 3 were myeloid, undifferentiated, and lymphoid, respectively, based ...
Stasevich Irina - - 2006
Using both conventional and molecular cytogenetic methods, we found five new cases of t(10;11)(p12;q23). This translocation represented 28% of all cases of childhood AML treated at our center in 2004, and 63% of AML with rearrangements of 11q23. We describe three mechanisms for the translocation. Different fragments of 11q were ...
Jacob Rebecca - - 2006
Fanconi anemia (FA) is the most frequently reported of the rare inherited bone marrow failure syndromes. It is an autosomal recessive chromosomal instability disorder, which is characterized by congenital abnormalities, defective hemopoiesis and a high risk of developing acute myeloid leukemia and certain solid tumors (1). We report the anesthetic ...
Paydas Semra - - 2007
Preferentially expressed antigen of melanoma (PRAME) is a tumor antigen expressed in various malignant tumors including solid tumors and hemopoietic neoplasias but no or weak expression in normal tissues. The aim of this study is to determine the frequency and the clinical importance of PRAME expression in chronic myeloid leukemia ...
Fulcher James W - - 2006
The diagnosis of granular acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) can be problematic as the cytoplasmic granules found in many blast cells may mimic those seen in acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). This rare variant of B-cell ALL is more commonly diagnosed in children, but may occur in adults. We report a case ...
Liu Yi-Chang - - 2006
The deletion of the long arm of chromosome 20, or del(20q), is a common cytogenetic abnormality in various myeloid disorders but is less commonly seen in lymphoid neoplasms. Here we report a case of Waldenström macroglobulinemia with del(20q) as the sole cytogenetic anomaly. No translocation including immunoglobulin genes was identified ...
Kim K B - - 2006
Chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia (CMML) is a preleukaemic condition with myeloproliferative features, and classified as a part of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Other than alkylating agents and topoisomerase II inhibitors, there is less evidence that chemotherapeutic drugs are associated with therapy-related CMML, acute leukaemia or MDS. We present a patient who developed ...
Ortuño Francisco J - - 2006
Erythrophagocytosis by neoplastic cells in acute leukemia has been most frequently associated with FAB M4 and M5 subtypes, with the t(8;16) and with C-MOZ rearrangements, however it is exceptional in acute lymphoblastic leukemia and has not been previously reported in Philadelphia-positive (Ph+) acute leukemia. We herein present a case of ...
Sharma Prashant - - 2006
Parvovirus B19 induced pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) has been previously reported in a variety of settings. We present two cases, an adult patient with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and a child with neurofibromatosis type-1 (NF-1), where the abrupt appearance of severe anemia raised ominous clinical suspicions. Evidence of recent ...
Kaşifoğlu Timuçin - - 2006
Systemic sclerosis is a chronic multisystem disorder of unknown etiology characterized by the involvement of skin and visceral organs caused by an accumulation of collagen. It has been reported that the incidence of solid and hematological malignancy increased in systemic sclerosis. Multiple myeloma and chronic lymphocytic leukemia are the most ...
Horn Thomas - - 2006
The discovery of the activating V617F mutation in the JAK2 tyrosine kinase in a high proportion of patients with Ph- chronic myeloproliferative diseases (CMPD) represents a diagnostic breakthrough for these disorders. Trephine bone marrow biopsy is an essential part of the diagnostic workup of CMPD and represents a valuable archival ...
Hayne Cynthia C - - 2006
We report a case of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with a 4;11 translocation. Metaphase cells and interphase nuclei derived from a routine unstimulated culture of bone marrow were analyzed using a combined strategy of G-banding and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) in addition to hematopathological analysis, flow cytometry, and molecular ...
Fung Yoke Lin - - 2006
We describe transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) in 2 acute leukemia cases to increase awareness of this under reported serious transfusion complication syndrome in multitransfused patients. There are a number of reports in multitransfused patients with nonmalignant disorders. However, reports of pediatric oncology patients are few, suggesting a lack of ...
Attarbaschi Andishe - - 2006
Near-tetraploidy (82-94 chromosomes) makes up fewer than 1% of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cases and has been reportedly associated with a possibly poorer prognosis compared with other ploidy groups. We analyzed 783 patients enrolled in the ALL-BFM-Austria 86, -90, -95, -99/2000 and Interfant-Austria 99 trials in order to assess ...
Alexander Jessica L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Urticarial vasculitis is a form of cutaneous leukocytoclastic vasculitis clinically characterized by persistent and often painful urticarial lesions. Numerous systemic diseases have been associated with urticarial vasculitis, including certain hematologic disorders. This distinctive form of cutaneous necrotizing vasculitis can be resistant to standard therapeutic modalities, necessitating more aggressive intervention. ...
García-Río Irene - - 2006
Leukemia cutis used to be a late manifestation of leukemia. On the other hand, Grover's disease has been described in the setting of cancer. A patient diagnosed as having a chronic myelomonocytic leukemia presented with lichenoid, slightly infiltrated plaques on the anterior aspect of his thorax and abdomen and papulovesicles ...
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