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Henes M - - 2010
Postmenopausal bleeding (PMB) can have various causes and malignancy must always be excluded. Extramedullary manifestations of a haematological disease in the female genital tract are rare. We present the case of a woman with PMB as the first sign of an acute myelogenous leukaemia (AML). An 81-year-old patient presented with ...
Bachegowda Lohith S - - 2010
Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is the most common soft-tissue tumor in childhood, but is extremely rare in elderly. We present a rare case of cardiac RMS, which developed 1 year after the diagnosis and management of acute lymphoblastic leukemia in a 68-year-old female. The occurrence of such phenomena is intriguing, especially in ...
Lu Gary - - 2009
Rearrangements involving chromosome region at 12p13 are common abnormalities in hematological malignancies, including myeloid and lymphoid types. ETV6 gene is usually involved in the 12p13 region. ETV6 rearrangements are more often observed in acute lymphoblastic leukemia than in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), where ETV6 gene deletions are more common than ...
Lamm Steven H - - 2009
Benzene exposure is well demonstrated as a cause of acute myelogenous leukemia, but not of chronic myelogenous leukemia. Previous literature reviews based on case series and cohort studies have not shown an association. We have now conducted a literature search for case-control studies that examine the association between benzene exposure ...
Jossi M - - 2010
Fusariumspp are rare but important opportunistic pathogens in immunocompromised patients. Disseminated fusarial infections occur mostly in patients with hematologic malignancies with myelosuppressive chemotherapy or in patients with severe immunodeficiency. Although more frequent than Aspergillus fungemia, Fusarium fungemia remains a rare event. We describe the case of a female patient with ...
Kang Byung Woog - - 2009
Imatinib mesylate (imatinib) is now a standard treatment for patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Although imatinib is known to have a potential impact on various infectious organisms by altering the T-cell mediated immune response, only two cases of hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation during imatinib treatment have actually been ...
Colović N - - 2010
Skin involvement in hairy cell leukemia (HCL) at presentation is a relatively rare manifestation of the disease. A 60-year-old male patient in whom cutaneous lesions were the initial manifestation of hairy cell leukemia together with leukocytosis, monocytopenia, massive splenomegaly, and leukemic maculopapulous infiltration of the almost whole skin is described. ...
Lekakis Lazaros J LJ Markey Cancer Center, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536, USA. - - 2009
Posaconazole is a triazole with broad spectrum of activity against multiple fungi including members of the fungal order Mucorales. This activity has been shown both in clinical and in vitro studies, which are critically reviewed here. It has become very popular in prophylaxis in acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) induction and ...
Betancourt-García Rafael D - - 2009
Therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome (t-MDS) and therapy-related acute myelogenous leukemia (t-AML) in patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) are rare events. The cumulative exposure to chemotherapy with alkylating agents and topoisomerase II inhibitors is associated with t-AML that may develop any time after the completion of the treatment. We report the ...
Shiyovich Arthur - - 2009
Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a progressive, chronic disease of unknown cause with varying presenting symptoms, ranging from no symptoms through nonspecific symptoms to fulminant hepatic failure. Although nonspecific hematologic abnormalities in AIH may occur, a case of agranulocytosis (<100 neutrophils/microL) associated with a flare of AIH and suspected to be ...
Shrivastav Ankit - - 2010
Polymyositis (PM) and dermatomyositis (DM) are inflammatory myopathic diseases characterized by symmetric, proximal myopathy with or without a distinct cutaneous eruption. They have long been recognized to be associated with cancer. The common cancers associated with DM/PM include ovarian, lung, pancreatic, breast, and stomach cancer. PM/DM associated with hematological disorders ...
Oh Seung Hwan - - 2009
Lineage switch is a very rare event in blastic crisis of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML-BC). To our knowledge, only three cases of lineage switch between lymphoid and myeloid/myelomonocytic lineages have been reported in the literature. Here, we report a novel case of imatinib-resistant CML-BC, in which the blast lineage switched ...
Qayed Muna - - 2009
Hypercalcemia has been described as a possible complication of many pediatric malignancies. Here, we report an 8-month-old non-Down syndrome infant with acute megakaryocytic leukemia and severe hypercalcemia at presentation. A review of the literature reveals that this is the first case of hypercalcemia complicating acute megakaryocytic leukemia reported in the ...
Lee Sang-Guk - - 2009
Therapy-related acute lymphoblastic leukemia (t-ALL) with t(9;22)(q34;q11.2) is rarely reported as a secondary malignant neoplasm. To our knowledge, only 10 Ph+ t-ALL cases have been reported in the literature. However, 8/10 cases were not reported individually but constituted parts of larger studies reporting cytogenetic abnormalities in secondary leukemia. Snyder et ...
Bassetti M - - 2009
Cryptococcosis is a disseminated fungal disease typically associated with immunosuppression and characterized by high mortality rates. Cryptococcus neoformans has been reported to be isolated from blood cultures in around 20% of patients with cryptococcosis, and cryptococcemia has been correlated with poor prognosis. We report a case of fatal C. neoformans ...
Mantzourani M G - - 2009
Beh??et's disease (BD) is a multisystem inflammatory vasculitis of unknown etiology and pathogenesis. Coexistence of BD along with hematological malignancies is extremely rare. We describe a patient diagnosed with BD and chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia (CMML) with trisomy 8. This case suggests that trisomy 8 may be involved in the concurrent ...
Yoo Jong-Ha - - 2009
The acquired Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) V617F mutation shows a high frequency in diverse BCR/ABL-negative chronic myeloproliferative disorders (CMPD), and it is typically associated with polycythemia vera (PV). The frequency of JAK2 V617F mutation is about 90% in patients with PV, 50-60% in patients with essential thrombocythemia (ET), primary myelofibrosis ...
Guastafierro Salvatore - - 2009
Imatinib mesylate (IM) therapy leads to a complete cytogenetic response (CCyR) in 75-90% of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) patients in chronic phase, but only a small percentage of patients achieve complete molecular response (CMR). Very little is known about IM discontinuation. We report the case of a 20-years-old male patient ...
Weingertner Anne Sophie - - 2009
The development of acute myeloid leukaemia after low-dose radioiodine therapy and its presentation as a myeloid sarcoma of the uterine cervix are both rare events. We report a case of acute myeloid leukaemia revealed by a myeloid sarcoma of the uterine cervix in a 48-year-old woman, 17 months after receiving ...
Jain Deepali - - 2009
Hypocellular variants of acute myeloid leukemia are very rare and almost always occur in old aged patients. In contrast, hypocellular acute lymphoblastic leukemia usually occurs in children. We report two Indian patients with hypocellular acute myeloid leukemia, a 32-year-old woman and a 13-year-old boy. Interestingly, one of the patients also ...
Abedalthagafi Malak - - 2009
Opportunistic infections account for the majority of central nervous system lesions in adult immunosuppressed patients. In this setting, toxoplasmosis typically manifests as multiple abscesses readily seen on routine neuroimaging studies. Asymptomatic, widely disseminated Toxoplasma cysts without parenchymal reaction are also recognized. In contrast, widespread parasites in the brain parenchyma with ...
Lin Chien-Heng - - 2008
Granulocytic sarcoma (GS), an extramedullary myeloid tumor composed of immature cells of the granulocytic series, can occur in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), myelodysplastic syndrome, or chronic myelogenous leukemia. It can occur in any organ or tissue, but the most common involved areas are the skin, bone/spine, and lymph ...
Park Tae Sung - - 2008
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is a subtype of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) that is characterized by peculiar clinical and biologic features, including severe hemorrhagic diathesis, specific recurrent chromosomal aberration, and distinct morphologic features with predominant pathologic promyelocytes. A reciprocal translocation involving chromosomes 15 and 17, t(15;17)(q22;q21), is a characteristic feature ...
Saba Nakhle S - - 2008
Newer biological treatment strategies have been developed in the last decade with some promising outcomes. Their safety, however, has been questioned lately with multiple reports of increased risk for malignancies and infectious complications. These reports render their use suboptimal. We report a 44-year-old woman receiving adalimumab (Humira) for advanced juvenile ...
Mehta Anisha J - - 2008
We report the case of a 10-month-old girl who presented with a spontaneous ulcer on the left buttock which failed to heal despite antibiotic therapy. Histology showed changes consistent with pyoderma gangrenosum and the ulcer resolved rapidly with super-potent topical steroids under occlusion. Blood tests revealed a persistent neutropenia. Immunoglobulin ...
Bonini Alessandro - - 2008
We report 2 cases of Geotrichum capitatum infection in leukemia patients for which Aspergillus galactomannan (GM) assay was positive. The diagnostic options of G. capitatum infections in hematologic patients were reviewed. Although the pathogen was isolated from blood in 77% of cases, diagnostic difficulties remain and GM assay may have ...
Ohno Tatsuharu - - 2008
Infections caused by Mycobacterium wolinskyi have rarely been reported, and essentially all were cellulitis and/or osteomyelitis related with traumatic event or surgical wound. Here, we present the 1st case of septic complication due to this organism in a patient with chronic myelogenous leukemia of the 1st but late chronic phase.
Al Gwaiz L A - - 2008
Flow cytometry is the preferred method of diagnosing and immunophenotyping acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). However, there are situations in which immunohistochemical staining (IH) of bone marrow trephine biopsy specimens can be used to provide immunophenotypic information. To evaluate the use of IH and to confirm its value in diagnosing and ...
Garcia Christine - - 2008
Acute myeloid leukemias (AMLs) with monocytic differentiation with or without recurring cytogenetic abnormalities have prognostic significance. Therefore, it is important to recognize such cases. Monocytic differentiation is identified by morphology and confirmed by cytochemical stains or flow cytometry. However, the materials for such analyses are not always available (air-dried aspirate ...
Castagnetti Marco - - 2008
We report four cases of leukemia (three chronic myeloid and one T-cell acute lymphoblastic) presenting with priapism in children 9- to 13-year old. All of them presented with hyperleukocytosis, and three had anemia plus thrombocytosis. All patients underwent chemotherapy and two had leukopheresis. In all cases, priapism was managed conservatively. ...
Urs Latha - - 2009
Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) is a rare, aggressive, clonal hematopoietic disorder of childhood with features of both myelodysplasia (thrombocytopenia, anemia) and myeloproliferation (leukocytosis, monocytosis). In most cases there is marrow hypercellularity, splenomegaly, and extramedullary involvement. In 1997 an international consensus on terminology was reached and guidelines/criteria for diagnosis were proposed. ...
Mrózek Krzysztof - - 2008
The Cancer and Leukemia Group B has performed central review of karyotypes submitted by institutional cytogenetics laboratories from patients with acute myeloid (AML) and acute lymphoblastic (ALL) leukemia since 1986. We assessed the role of central karyotype review in maintaining accurate, high quality cytogenetic data for clinical and translational studies ...
Santana-Davila Rafael - - 2008
Among 23 cases of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) with an associated del(5q) seen at our institution, 14 (61%) fulfilled diagnostic criteria for primary myelofibrosis (PMF). Other diagnoses included polycythemia vera (PV; n=2), essential thrombocythemia (ET; n=1), post-ET myelofibrosis (n=1), systemic mastocytosis (SM; n=1), and MPN, unclassifiable (n=4). Compared to their del(5q)-negative ...
Shoo Brenda A - - 2008
Although xanthogranulomatosis (XG), defined as multiple xanthogranulomas occurring simultaneously, was originally described in infants and children, a number of adult cases have been reported. Adult XG, which generally presents in the absence of hyperlipidemia, has many similarities to the childhood variant. Among the similarities are reports of the simultaneous development ...
Karbasian-Esfahani Merat - - 2008
Extramedullary leukemic infiltration of the breast in adult acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) is rare. We report two such cases here. One patient died of relapsed ALL and the other was cured with local radiation therapy and remains alive and in remission 30 years after relapsing in her breast. A literature ...
Pidala Joseph - - 2008
Acute basophilic leukemia (ABL) is an uncommon form of acute myelogenous leukemia recently recognized as a distinct entity in the World Health Organization classification of myeloid malignancies. A case is presented of ABL arising from chronic myelogenous leukemia with development of t(7;8)(q32;q13). Discussion includes a literature review.
Baldacci F - - 2008
Hemicrania continua (HC) is an indomethacin-responsive headache characterized by a chronic, strictly unilateral, side-locked without side-shifting, persistent headache. We report three cases of HC with atypical features in which an acute administration of indomethacin 50 mg IM (INDOTEST) was performed. In all three cases INDOTEST predicted chronic responsiveness to indomethacin. ...
Cibull Thomas L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The histologic diagnosis of myeloid leukemia cutis (LC) can be difficult, requiring confirmatory immunohistochemical stains. OBJECTIVE: We reviewed 21 biopsy-proven cases of LC with emphasis on the use of immunohistochemistry in the diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical and histologic features were reviewed on 21 cases of biopsy proven LC. ...
O'Brien Maureen M - - 2008
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a hyperinflammatory syndrome which can be an inherited congenital disorder or can develop secondary to malignancy, infection, or autoimmune disease. Secondary HLH due to malignancy occurs most commonly with T or NK-cell lymphoid neoplasms. HLH with B-cell malignancies is less common and HLH has rarely been ...
Urs Latha - - 2008
Leukemias are neoplasms that arise from the hematopoetic cells of bone marrow and usually spread first to peripheral blood. Involvement of extramedullary tissue during the course of a leukemia is common and usually does not represent a major diagnostic challenge when the history is available and specimen triage is optimal. ...
Rison Richard A - - 2008
Acute inflammatory polyradiculoneuropathy secondary to chemotherapy for leukemia has been described in the pediatric literature. However, the reports are rare and have been mainly from intrathecal methotrexate in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients who developed demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy. A case report is presented of an unfortunate 53 year old Hispanic woman ...
Asghar Salman - - 2008
A rare case of culture-positive Nocardia canaliculitis is reported that presented with a history of chronic conjunctivitis and epiphora for the last 1.4 years, refractory to multiple treatment courses. Chronic conjunctivitis and a pouted punctum were observed in the right lower eyelid. Probing and sac syringing was performed. The "Sulfur ...
Konuma Takaaki - - 2008
Acute tumor lysis syndrome (ATLS) is a well-recognized complication of systemic chemotherapy for rapidly proliferating neoplasms. ATLS has rarely occurred after intrathecal chemotherapy for the treatment of leukemia with meningeal involvement. Here, we report a case of fatal ATLS complicating intrathecal injections of methotrexate, cytarabine and hydrocortisone for acute lymphoblastic ...
Smith Lorie B - - 2007
Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) is a distinct myeloproliferative malignancy of early childhood with a varied clinical presentation that may include failure to thrive, malaise, fever, bleeding, pallor, lymphadenopathy, and hepatosplenomegaly. Skin, pulmonary, and gastrointestinal involvement have also been reported. There are no reports of central nervous system (CNS) involvement at ...
Goel Ruchika - - 2007
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are clonal disorders of hematopoietic stem cell. Patients have a deteriorating course with about 30% evolving into acute leukemias usually of the myeloid phenotype. Evolution into acute lymphoblastic leukemia is a rare and intriguing phenomenon seen in far less than 1% of adult cases, and extremely rare ...
Pitman Sean D - - 2007
Authors report a rare case of granular acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in a 45-year-old woman with a history of multiple myeloma. The patient's lymphoblasts contained large numbers of distinctive cytoplasmic granules closely mimicking heavily granulated myeloblasts in acute myeloid leukemia. These blasts were completely negative for myeloperoxidase but positive for ...
Natelson Ethan A - - 2007
Benzene-induced acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is considered a secondary form of AML, based both in theory and on limited cohort observations. Its latency, cytogenetic aberrations, and clinical features are thought similar to, or identical with, AML resulting from the use of modern day cytotoxic agents for chemotherapy and immunotherapy. Although ...
Kalbani Naifain Al - - 2007
A case of a six-year-old boy presenting with gross hematuria is reported. Investigations revealed the etiology of the hematuria to be thrombocytopenia in the setting of newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The diagnosis of leukemia was confirmed by bone marrow examination. The patient's hematuria completely resolved with platelet transfusions. Although ...
Breccia Massimo - - 2008
Since very few unusual BCR/ABL fusion transcripts in chronic myeloid leukemia have been reported, no clear evidence exists concerning their clinical and prognostic implications. We describe here a CML case with normal karyotype at standard cytogenetics and an atypical e6a2 BCR/ABL fusion transcript, presenting at diagnosis isolated thrombocytosis and mild ...
Usmani Saad Z - - 2007
Myeloid sarcoma (MS) is a very rare disease that either presents with acute myeloid leukemia or as relapse of acute myeloid leukemia. The common sites include the small intestine, skin, bone, and lymph nodes. We present an unusual case of MS presenting with acute renal failure (ARF) and bilateral ureteral ...
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