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Results 401 - 450 of 642
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Kulali A - - 1994
We report two cases of chronic calcified and ossified subdural empyema diagnosed during surgery and operated on successfully using an extraordinary large osteoplastic craniotomy. After surveying the literature, we must emphasize the unusual occurrence of the chronic subdural empyemas presenting with calcification-ossification and large size as observed in both of ...
Richmond B K - - 1994
Several studies have suggested that non-operative treatment be employed for spinal epidural abscesses involving a considerable length of the vertebral column. The reasons for this have not been clearly stated in the literature, however, nor has the critical number of vertebral levels been specified. Presumably, this is related to the ...
O'Neill O R - - 1994
A patient admitted to hospital with a painful proptosis, diminished visual acuity, and mental status changes was proven to have a large left subfrontal epidural hematoma and an associated subperiosteal orbital hematoma. Surgical intervention resulted in complete recovery of neurologic function and visual acuity. This case demonstrates the unique and ...
Klein M - - 1994
Gadolinium-enhanced MRI is considered the study of choice for diagnosing spinal epidural abscess (SEA). Most of such cases, however, are not suspected initially, and thus do not benefit from the procedure. A case of SEA is described in which positive Ga-67 scintigraphy shortly before onset of lower extremity dysfunction was ...
Drancourt M - - 1994
A brain abscess complicated antineoplastic chemotherapy for a primary cerebral rhabdoid tumor in an immunocompromised boy. Culture of purulent exudate obtained by surgical puncture of an intracranial hematoma yielded a gram-positive microorganism initially identified as a Rhodococcus species by conventional biochemical analysis; however, the isolate was subsequently identified as Gordona ...
Eulderink F - - 1994
A rare case is reported of extragenital skin schistosomiasis as the presenting symptom in a 24-year-old Dutch student, who had swum some months earlier in Lake Malawi in Mozambique. Grouped papules dorsolateral on the lower thorax were shown by biopsy to be due to infection by Schistosoma haematobium. The eggs ...
Soni P N - - 1994
Salmonella typhi is a rare cause of liver abscess. We describe a 47-year-old African male with multiple liver abscesses due to S. typhi in an area where hepatic amebiasis is endemic. The patient did not respond appropriately to amebicidal therapy and culture of the liver aspirate on two occasions yielded ...
Popovic E A - - 1994
A 47-year-old woman with a convexity meningioma presenting as a chronic subdural hematoma is reported. This case is unique in that the symptoms were cyclical and stereotypic. The tumor contained an unusually high number of mast cells. A possible etiologic role of histamine-related vasodilation and tumoral hemorrhage is explored. The ...
Livne M - - 1994
Primary psoas abscess is a relatively rare disease with highest incidence in children and adolescents. It usually presents with fever, abdominal pain and limp. Limping tends to incriminate musculoskeletal problems below the pelvis, but movement of the hip involves the psoas muscle which is mostly retroperitoneal and intimately related to ...
Porter A J - - 1994
A case of perianal abscess secondary to anal lymphoma affecting a human immunodeficiency virus negative patient is presented. Causes of perianal abscess other than anal glandular infection are important, although the proportion of abscesses reported to be secondary to these other causes is found to vary widely in the literature. ...
Clementsen P - - 1994
A patient with bilateral pulmonary abscesses caused by Streptococcus pyogenes is described. This bacterium is an uncommon cause of pneumonia. Metastatic foci of infection, e.g. abscess formation, may follow bacteremic spread of S. pyogenes. However, such complications are rare and the occurrence of bilateral pulmonary abscesses has not been described ...
Guillaume M P - - 1994
Abscesses of the psoas muscle are due to a hematogenous dissemination, to the spread of infection from adjacent intestinal structures, to osteomyelitis of the spine or to tuberculous infection of a disc space. In contrast, psoas abscesses related to the urological tract have only been described on exception. The present ...
Devi B I - - 1993
Spontaneous haemorrhage in association with a brain abscess is a very rare occurrence and may confuse the CT diagnosis. A case of cerebral abscess with haemorrhage into the abscess cavity, the surrounding brain parenchyma, the subarachnoid space and the ventricular system is reported. The differential diagnosis, pathogenesis and the management ...
Kim H B - - 1993
Laparoscopic drainage of multiple walled off intraabdominal abscesses may be difficult to perform safely due to a lack of tactile sensation. A single finger introduced through a small abdominal incision can be used to aid in the dissection and may obviate the need for open laparotomy in some cases. Digitally-assisted ...
Ieven M - - 1993
Two cases of necrobacillosis or post-anginal septicemia (Lemierre's syndrome) due to Fusobacterium necrophorum are described. The first case in a young adult was complicated by thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein, lung abscesses and skin involvement. The second case was in a 2-year-old child, which is exceptional. The primary focus ...
Erichsen C - - 1993
We report on a case of massive bleeding into the liver parenchyma during treatment with a combination of warfarin sodium and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. A fifty-five-year-old woman was put on long-term anticoagulant therapy with warfarin sodium. Two years later a course of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole was given to treat bronchitis. Following a bout of ...
Maslen D R - - 1993
The medical literature regarding spinal epidural abscess has two common threads: reports of poor prognosis and appeals for rapid treatment. Spinal epidural abscess is a difficult diagnosis to make because of its rarity--many physicians will never see a case during their careers. Among all patients admitted to hospitals, the incidence ...
Ersahin Y - - 1993
Presence of air in acute extradural hematomas has been described by several authors. Little attention has been paid to its significance. We report six pediatric patients with air-containing extradural hematomas. A fracture involving air-containing structures in either anterior or middle cranial fossa was detected on computed tomographic scans of all ...
Haines S J - - 1993
The pathophysiology of primary pontine hemorrhagic events is unclear, but the traditional classification of hemorrhage or hematoma does not have either pathologic or clinical support. Reported cases of brain stem hemorrhage suggest that patients who suffer progressive deterioration from hemorrhagic pontine lesions may benefit from surgery even if they eventually ...
Warburton R - - 1993
This paper reports a case of chronic sub-dural hematoma occurring in a pilot after a high-speed ejection that was within the survival envelope of the Mark 10 Martin Baker ejection seat. The events leading up to the ejection, his subsequent hospitalization for treatment of immediate injuries and late development of ...
Cataldo P A - - 1993
Experience with intrarectal ultrasonography (IRUS) is limited for the evaluation of perianal sepsis. The purpose of this article is to report our experience with IRUS in evaluating 24 cases of suspected perianal abscess and fistula. IRUS was performed intraoperatively using a Brüel & Kjaer (Model #1846; Naerum, Denmark) endoanal ultrasound ...
Avis S P - - 1993
A case of an acute subdural hematoma in association with a hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage is presented. Scene examination, medical history, and autopsy findings support the conclusion that the subdural hemorrhage was the result of natural disease. Although the majority of acute subdural hematomas occurring in cases of sudden unexpected death ...
Gundry C R - - 1993
The authors report 18 cases of surgically proved spontaneous epidural hematoma of the lumbar spine. The clinical findings in spontaneous epidural hematoma were identical to those in acute disk herniation. Underlying disk abnormalities were common; the majority of hematomas (14 of 18, 78%) were associated with small concomitant disk herniations ...
Chen C H - - 1993
Ultrasonically (US) guided percutaneous lung aspiration was performed for patients clinically diagnosed as having pneumonia (n = 18) or lung abscess (n = 16) and thus taking antibiotics. The procedure was done because of either unsatisfactory clinical or roentgenographic responses, critical underlying disease or poor general condition in the patients. ...
Posthuma E F - - 1993
A 41-year-old man with a hepatic abscess due to diverticulitis of the ileum is presented. Drainage of the hepatic abscess and antibiotic therapy resulted in complete recovery. The literature on small bowel diverticulitis and its complications is reviewed. Hepatic abscess is a very rare complication. To our knowledge this is ...
Ersahin Y - - 1993
Posterior fossa extradural hematomas (PFEHs) are less frequent than supratentorial extradural hematomas. 9 children operated on for PFEH are reported. There were 5 boys and 4 girls aged from 1 to 16 years. The mode of injury was fall in 6 and traffic accident in 3 cases. Diagnosis of PFEH ...
Shimada H - - 1993
The infectious routes and etiologies of 26 cases with pyogenic liver abscess were portal spread in one, hematogenous in three, biliary in 12, transarterial embolization (TAE) in three, posthepatectomy in one and cryptogenic in five cases. Portal and hematogenous cases tend to show solitary and cystic pattern on echogram, and ...
Kimura H - - 1993
A case of large tonsillolith is described. A 26-year-old male presented with a history of recurrent throat infections. A diagnosis of peritonsillar abscess was made. A tonsillolith was spontaneously expelled on admission. A tonsillectomy was subsequently performed. The tonsillolith was yellowish-gray, measured 30 x 26 x 16 mm, and weighed ...
Nogueira G J - - 1992
A case of chronic subdural hematoma and hydrocephalus diagnosed in utero is presented. No history of trauma could be elicited. Laboratory investigations failed to show a coagulation disorder. Both the hematoma and hydrocephalus were surgically treated 8 days after delivery. At 14 months of age the child is showing moderately ...
Ngan Kee W D - - 1992
Extradural abscess has been described infrequently as a complication of extradural anaesthesia and analgesia. We describe an abscess that developed 5 days after operation in a patient who had extradural anaesthesia for Caesarean section and postoperative analgesia, and review the literature on extradural abscess complicating extradural catheterization, including a discussion ...
Harada K - - 1992
An unusual case of acute subdural hematoma developed after drainage of chronic subdural hematoma in a 71-year-old male. The acute subdural hematoma was located over a membranous layer in the subdural space similar to the outer membrane of the chronic subdural hematoma. Intraoperatively, bleeding from the bridging vein and oozing ...
Chen C S - - 1992
Splenic trauma with hematoma following extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is very rare. We reported a case of subcapsular hematoma of spleen with impending rupture following ESWL for ureteral calculus. This case was noted to have liver cirrhosis and splenomegaly, and received a total of 2000 shock waves under 18 ...
O'Leary C - - 1992
A 28 year old woman with a history of a dysenteric illness and documented Campylobacter infection presented with amoebic psoas and liver abscesses. A review of the literature of the last 20 years did not yield any reports of an amoebic psoas abscess.
Barnham M - - 1992
A patient is reported with a peritonsillar abscess yielding Arcanobacterium haemolyticum. This appears to be only the fifth such case described in the medical literature and the first from Europe. The organism has been reported as an occasional cause of tonsillopharyngitis with rash, resembling infection with Streptococcus pyogenes but often ...
Doxanas M T - - 1992
A three-year-old white male presented with an extremely painful abscess of the nasal portion of the right upper eyelid. A larva identified as family Cuterebridae, genus Cuterebra sp, was removed from the abscess, permitting its rapid resolution. This represents an unusual patient with external ophthalmomyiasis who enjoys excellent nutritional and ...
Kerrigan K R - - 1992
Thirty-eight cases of abscess secondary to pit viper envenomation are reviewed. The incidence of abscess formation was 9%. Results of aerobic cultures revealed growth of enteric, coliform organisms in 22 of 25 isolates obtained from previously unopened abscesses. Clinical evidence for co-existent anaerobic infection is presented. No cases of tetanus ...
O'Dell K B - - 1992
A 24-year-old woman with a recent diagnosis of infectious mononucleosis presented with fever and left upper quadrant pain. Abdominal computed tomography revealed a splenic abscess that at laparotomy was found to have ruptured. This case illustrates a rare cause of splenic abscess and a rare complication of infectious mononucleosis.
Kasantikul V - - 1992
Two cases of cerebral abscesses caused by Pseudomonas pseudomallei are reported. The first case, a 51-year-old women had a sudden onset of progressive right hemiparesis and right facial palsy and died within 7 days. Postmortem examination disclosed brain abscess in association with disseminated infection outside the central nervous system. The ...
Nielsen E J - - 1992
Tropical pyomyositis, though common in Africa, South America, and the South Pacific, is relatively rare in North America. Reported is the case of a patient who developed chest wall muscle abscesses after sustaining minor chest wall muscle trauma and presented to the emergency department appearing acutely ill. He was treated ...
Wheeler D - - 1992
Although the traditional management of spinal epidural abscesses includes antibiotic therapy and surgical drainage, numerous reports have appeared in the literature that describe a nonsurgical approach. We report the successful nonsurgical management of a case of an extensive spinal epidural abscess in which the patient was closely monitored by serial ...
High K P - - 1992
We report a case of yeast perinephric abscess and review 11 other published cases. This rare entity occurs primarily in patients who have diabetes mellitus, who have recently undergone surgery, or who have urinary tract obstruction. The clinical illness is often subacute or chronic with nonspecific symptoms. Candida and Torulopsis ...
Chowdhury P - - 1992
We have reported a case of cryptogenic liver abscess with bacteremia and septic pulmonary emboli due to Klebsiella ozaenae. This organism has not previously been reported as a cause of intra-abdominal infection and this is only the eighth reported case of bacteremia. K ozaenae is generally considered an opportunist of ...
Gruenwald I - - 1992
Psoas muscle abscess is rare and presents a diagnostic challenge requiring a high index of suspicion. We report an unusual case of primary psoas abscess caused by Proteus mirabilis. Primary psoas abscess is most commonly present in children and is usually caused by Staphylococcus aureus. A total of 434 cases ...
Chen W J - - 1992
Three cases of urachal abscess with extensive interstitial inflammation and fibrosis are reported. Clinically, all patients had a lower abdominal mass and CT scan and ultrasonic examination revealed a large tumour located anterior or superior to the bladder. They all underwent laparotomy and had either a partial cystectomy or an ...
Nalbone V P - - 1992
A review is presented of five cases of otogenic brain abscesses (from among 34 cases of brain abscesses of all causes) treated during a 16-year period at a major university hospital in upstate New York. Although the morbidity and mortality rates are high for patients with brain abscess, advances in ...
Hamre M R - - 1992
We report herein a case of a intraspinal hematoma in a 9-year-old boy with factor IX deficiency. Replacement of factor IX resulted in resolution of symptoms. The most frequent presentations of intraspinal hematomas are neck or back pain, paresis, sensory impairment, and urinary retention. Intraspinal hematomas may have devastating sequelae, ...
Sekhon A S - - 1992
A 76-year-old male with chief complaints of back and right leg sciatica was hospitalized. His abdominal CT scan revealed lumber spondylitic stenosis. A laminectomy was performed. Postoperatively, he became febrile, aphasic and had grand mal seizure. A left craniotomy of the front abscess, seen in the CT scan, was performed. ...
Garg P - - 1992
Isolated involvement of the pancreas in Salmonella typhi bacteraemia is rare. A case of pancreatic abscess due to S. typhi is reported which was managed conservatively.
Sathyamoorthy P - - 1992
A case of primary non-tuberculous psoas abscess is reported and the literature reviewed. The aetiology of psoas abscess is varied and there is a worldwide variation in the aetiology. Primary psoas abscess is due to Staphylococcal infection. The pathophysiology, clinical features, diagnosis and treatment are discussed with emphasis on the ...
Thornhill M H - - 1992
Pyostomatitis vegetans is a rare condition of the mouth frequently associated with chronic inflammatory bowel disease. It is characterized by miliary abscesses and superficial erosions affecting a hyperplastic, soft and friable oral mucosa. Three cases are presented here and used as a basis for reviewing the literature and discussing the ...
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