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Results 301 - 350 of 642
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Imaizumi H - - 2000
We describe a case of intramural gastric hematoma with hemorrhagic shock caused by the formation of a large hematoma. Computed tomographic and angiographic examinations confirmed the presence of active bleeding into the hematoma. Transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) was performed for hemostasis. To our knowledge, although 21 cases of intramural gastric ...
Siou G - - 2000
An 18-month-old boy presented to the accident and emergency department following trauma to the oropharynx by a doll's umbrella. Although no significant injury could be identified at first, it later transpired that he had developed retropharyngeal surgical emphysema with abscess. This case report aims to review the nature of retropharyngeal ...
Cohen E - - 2000
Nocardia farcinica is an emerging pathogen in immunocompromised hosts, accounting for 20% of Nocardia isolates in the USA and 13-44% of isolates in Europe. The case of a 72-year-old lymphoma patient with a laryngeal abscess caused by Nocardia farcinica is presented. The initial clinical manifestation was unilateral vocal cord paralysis, ...
Kadambari D - - 2000
Primary pyogenic psoas abscess, although quite a common condition, particularly in the tropics, is often overlooked as a clinical entity, probably because a psoas abscess has been traditionally associated with tuberculous spondylitis. The abscess is easily diagnosed by ultrasonography (US). Treatment by open drainage and antibiotics effective against Staphylococcus aureus ...
Ishihara S - - 2000
Bleeding is a common complication of such myeloproliferative disorders as polycythemia vera, and it usually occurs in either the skin or mucosa. We experienced a case of a massive retroperitoneal hematoma with no history of trauma in association with polycythemia vera. A 68-year-old man was referred to our hospital as ...
Keller T M - - 2000
Epidural hematoma formation may be expected to occur in 3% of head injuries. The unique pathophysiology of this lesion may complicate early diagnosis, resulting in significant morbidity and mortality if definitive surgical intervention is delayed. Personnel required to work at significant heights servicing large cargo aircraft are certainly at risk ...
Bosma J J - - 2000
Spontaneous subacute and chronic haematoma in young adults is rare. It has not been previously reported in this age group. We present three cases of chronic and subacute subdural haematoma in young adults, in one of whom the diagnosis was certainly delayed. All three patients underwent burrhole evacuation and made ...
Brunner S - - 2000
We report a case of a retroperitoneal abscess due to Mycoplasma hominis in a young polytraumatized man who developed septicemia under treatment with rifampin and flucloxacillin. M. hominis was recovered from blood cultures as well as from the abscess near the left iliac spine. After 10 days of therapy with ...
Collier C B - - 1999
Epidural abscess is a rare complication of epidural block and occasionally presents in the post partum period. A case is described where a thoracolumbar abscess presented with backache and headache 10 days after an apparently uneventful block for labour and caesarean section. The abscess was treated medically with a satisfactory ...
Ferrer F A - - 1999
One percent of all pregnancies are found to have an antenatal abnormality; of these, 20% involve the genitourinary system. Today, controversy still exists regarding the postnatal management of some antenatal abnormalities detected by ultrasound. We present a case in which antenatal hydronephrosis initially detected by ultrasound appeared to resolve in ...
Khealani B - - 1999
We report a middle-aged man who presented with repeated episodes of transient ischaemic attacks (TIA) in the setting of a chronic subdural haematoma. This case report discusses the various pathophysiologic mechanisms whereby such TIA may occur in chronic subdural haematoma. We also highlight the importance of cranial imaging in cases ...
Baker S B - - 1999
We present what we believe is the first case of a brain abscess resulting from orthognathic surgery reported in the literature. Although recent advances have significantly improved the treatment of brain abscesses, delays in diagnosis lead to persistent high rates of mortality. Often, the initial symptoms are vague and nonspecific. ...
Skitarelić N - - 1999
Cervical necrotizing fasciitis (CNF) is a rapidly progressive, severe bacterial infection of the fascial planes of the head and neck. Group A beta haemolytic Streptococcus spp. (GABHS), Staphylococcus spp., or obligatory anaerobic bacteria are the most common causative pathogens. The disease usually results from a dental source or facial trauma. ...
Perkins M - - 1999
A case is presented of a patient with a psychiatric illness and pica who developed a pyogenic liver abscess due to perforation of the duodenum by a pen. This report emphasizes the importance of ultrasound and computed tomography in making a rapid diagnosis. The relative superiority of ultrasound was revealed ...
Ciurea A V - - 1999
The authors review the management of brain abscesses (BAbs) in 59 pediatric cases. The major surgical procedure used to treat them was repeated puncture and aspiration (51 cases, or 86.44%), excision (8 cases - 13.56%) being of secondary importance. The main etiology was metastatic lesions (24 cases - 40.68%), those ...
Rapp L G - - 1999
Migration of retained bullets or bullet fragments may present as a complication of gunshot wounds to the head. This phenomenon has been reported in cases of abscess formation or retained copper fragments. Management of such migratory fragments is controversial. The purpose of this study is to determine the incidence of ...
Curtis M G - - 1999
The case report of a 38-year-old woman with a pelvic abscess resulting from verrucous carcinoma of the uterine cervix is presented. This case is remarkable because the abscess formed a fistula through the anterior abdominal wall and because there was no visible lesion on the cervix. The patient underwent a ...
Reddy S C - - 1999
Orbital complications due to ethmoiditis are not uncommon in children. However, they are very rare in infants. A case of orbital abscess due to acute ethmoiditis in a 10 days old boy is reported. Causative microorganisms isolated from the operated specimen were Staphylococcus aureus and aspergillosis. Successful outcome was achieved ...
Matsumoto K - - 1999
Recurrence of chronic subdural hematoma after burr-hole craniostomy and closed system drainage is not uncommon. We sought to identify risk factors for recurrence. In 121 patients, various factors including age, initial neurologic status, hematoma thickness, computed tomographic density of the hematoma, midline shift, multiplicity, systemic disease, and drainage volume were ...
Monem S A - - 1999
Few reports document the coexistence of Peritonsillar Abscess (PTA) and Infectious Mononucleosis (IM). In this paper, we are reporting on two cases that presented to our department with the two conditions simultaneously. We also review the literature and discuss the current theories behind what was considered, for sometime, an unusual ...
Iyoda A - - 1999
A 47-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for treatment of an odontogenic infection. He presented with a fever, signs of sepsis, and neck swelling, and was initially diagnosed as having a neck abscess. After cervical drainage, he showed no improvement, and mediastinitis was detected by chest X-ray and computed ...
Kameyama O - - 1999
The halo external orthosis has been used extensively for cervical immobilization after spine surgery or trauma, usually without serious complications. However, nine brain abscesses have been reported as complications following the use of halo orthosis. We report on a 53-year-old man who underwent anterior cervical fusion for cervical myelopathy, followed ...
Cirak B - - 1999
Pyknodysostosis is a rarely encountered disease. It is characterized by abnormal facial development, fragility of the bones with relatively mild trauma, cranial abnormalities including widely opened sutures and fontanels frontal bossing, wrinkled skin, finger and nail abnormalities. In the literature, pyknodysostosis was reported only as case reports. Here, we describe ...
Goudge R J - - 1998
A case of Mycobacterium shimoidei in a 75 year old man is reported. He had been a smoker, with a past history of bullous emphysema and a lung abscess. He had a 12 month history of weight loss, night sweats, with increased cough and sputum, and progressive opacification of the ...
Calli C - - 1998
Epidural hematomas of the clivus are very uncommon. We, hereby, present a case of retroclival epidural hematoma as a complication of posterior fossa decompressive surgery for the management of acute cerebellar infarction. Serial MRI examinations of the patient was documented and demonstrated. In addition, the etiology of retroclival epidural hematomas ...
Pautler Stephen E. - - 1998
Since the introduction and widespread use of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (SWL), various complications have been noted. Perinephric hematoma and ureteral obstruction may be anticipated by urologists as potential problems. We report the first case of perinephric abscess encountered after 17 895 SWL treatments at our institution. A 65 year old ...
Eisenberg M B - - 1998
The authors present the case of a 78-year-old woman who developed right lower-extremity paralysis after a focal seizure. Neuroradiological studies revealed a small parasagittal meningioma, which at the time of resection was found to contain a bacterial intratumoral abscess secondary to Proteus mirabilis. This is only the second reported case ...
Pahapill P A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: In cases of acute spontaneous epidural hematoma producing neurological deficits, emergency surgical evacuation is the standard treatment. METHODS: Such a case is presented in which complete resolution of neurological deficits occurred without surgical intervention. RESULTS: This is the fifth reported case of complete recovery in a patient managed conservatively. ...
Veldkamp P - - 1998
Wegener's granulomatosis is a serious systemic vasculitis that needs to be diagnosed promptly to limit morbidity and mortality. Atypical presentations of this disease are not uncommon. This case illustrates a rare manifestation of Wegener's granulomatosis (ie, perirectal abscess) and the value of the antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody in conjunction with supporting ...
Gökçil Z - - 1998
Chronic encapsulated intracerebral hematoma, which is usually seen in young, normotensive patients, is rare, but has been reported with increasing frequency in recent years. In this report, we have presented a case of encapsulated intracerebral hematoma mimicking intratumoural bleeding with its whole natural radiological progression. A 55 year-old man developed ...
André M - - 1998
Our purpose is to describe seven cases of disseminated aseptic abscesses with regard to clinical, biological, radiological, and histological information, treatment, and outcome. Data were collected on seven Caucasian patients who had proven sterile deep abscesses diagnosed in French university hospitals. The onset of the disease related to abscesses began ...
Kim H U - - 1998
We report a case of subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis due to Exophiala jeanselmei in an 84-year-old Korean farmer suffering from pulmonary tuberculosis. He presented with six subcutaneous, fluctuant abscesses on the left distal forearm and wrist. Subcutaneous infections by E. jeanselmei mostly present as a solitary cyst or abscess on an extremity. ...
Mevio E - - 1998
Since the introduction of antibiotic therapy, the incidence of intra- and extracranial suppurative complication of acute and chronic purulent otitis media has sharply decreased. In particular, reports of laterocervical abscesses secondary to this disorder are quite rare, not more than twenty cases of Bezold's or Mouret's abscesses having been reported ...
Horiguchi Y - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The development of different types of neutrophilic dermatosis is reported to occur in the course of malignant hemopathies. These concern mainly Sweet's syndrome, pyoderma gangrenosum, erythema elevatum et diutinum and neutrophilic eccrine hidradenitis. OBSERVATIONS: We have recently encountered the cases of 3 patients who presented all with multiple acneiform ...
Brönnimann S - - 1998
The authors report on a case of a solitary liver abscess due to Listeria monocytogenes in a 53-year-old diabetic white male and review all published cases of solitary listerial abscesses of the liver. L. monocytogenes is a rare cause of solitary liver abscess which occurs in elderly patients with diabetes ...
Takanami I - - 1998
Descending necrotizing mediastinitis (DNM) is a potentially life-threatening complication that can develop after an oropharyngeal infection. Patients with DNM are usually treated with mediastinal drainage through a cervical or transthoracic approach, as well as by the systemic administration of antibiotics. We report herein the cases of two patients we recently ...
Lubianca Neto J F - - 1998
To call attention to complications of chronic otitis media, the case of a patient who simultaneously developed lateral sinus thrombosis and Bezold's abscess is reported. A 7 year old boy presented with fever, drowsiness, cervical mass and otorrhea not responding to medical management. Work-up revealed lateral sinus thrombosis and cervical ...
Freitas A - - 1997
Cladophialophora bantiana (Cladosporium trichoides) is a black fungus recorded rarely as a cause of brain abscess. Only 21 cases have been reported in the literature world-wide. We describe the first case seen in Brazil. A 30 year old, previously healthy female, HIV negative, came to the hospital with a clinical ...
Samuel W - - 1997
STUDY DESIGN: A case of paraspinal abscess formation from Haemophilus paraphrophilus is presented. OBJECTIVES: To describe a case of paraspinal abscess formation from H. paraphrophilus, a fastidious commensal organism of the mouth and pharynx. A precise bacteriologic identification can be difficult; techniques for such identification are discussed. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND ...
Mathur N N - - 1997
We present two cases of Pott's lower cervical spine with retro-pharyngeal abscess presenting at an unusually young age. These children presented with a life threatening respiratory distress; one of them had neurological deficit in the form of paraparesis. External drainage of abscess without anterior cervical fusion was adequate as a ...
Chan C H - - 1997
Necrotising fasciitis is a potentially fatal soft tissue infection that rarely occurs in the head and neck region. A case is reported of necrotising fasciitis arising from a periodontal abscess. The historical aspects of this infection are sketched through antiquity and its current management summarised. Prompt diagnosis and surgical debridement ...
Sugano S - - 1997
Hepatic actinomycosis is rare. We report an 86-year-old Japanese man with a 3-day history of high fever and anorexia who had an actinomycotic liver abscess complicated by disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). A definitive diagnosis was made when an Actinomyces species was cultured from aspirated pus. The clinical course was satisfactory. ...
Kubota T - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and causes of endometrioma-associated tubo-ovarian abscesses (TOAs) and ovarian abscesses. METHODS: The medical records of 6,557 gynecologic inpatients were reviewed, and the data were analyzed using the median test and chi 2 test. RESULTS: The incidence of TOAs was 2.3% (5/218) in patients with endometrioma, ...
Miele V - - 1997
Scrotal hematoma is an uncommon presentation of neonatal adrenal hemorrhage. Nine previous cases of such an association have been reported in the literature, and unnecessary surgery was carried out in five of these cases. The authors report three new cases observed during a 3-year period and stress the critical role ...
Lee K S - - 1997
The sequential change in density (attenuation coefficient) of subdural hematomas (SDHs) in computed tomography (CT) is important in understanding the pathogenesis and evolution of SDHs. We retrospectively investigated the age of SDHs by CT in 446 cases. We included 30 cases of chronic SDHs, in whom the density was directly ...
Sinha S - - 1997
Isolated splenic abscess is a rarity and remains a diagnostic dilemma. The presentation is nonspecific and diagnosis is often delayed. We present a case which had roentgenographic signs suggestive of splenic suppuration at admission. Of particular interest was the isolation of Salmonella paratyphi in this patient. Antibiotic therapy alone is ...
Hess U - - 1997
Intramural esophageal hematoma is a very rare condition. We report a case of a 40-year-old male, presenting with retrosternal pain and dysphagia. On the day before admission tarry stool and minimal vomiting of old blood was noticed. Diagnostic procedures showed an intramural esophageal hematoma, which had developed 2 weeks and ...
Wolansky L J - - 1997
Pituitary abscesses, rare lesions, may be divided into primary and secondary types. Primary pituitary abscesses occur within a previously healthy gland, while secondary abscesses arise within an existing lesion, such as an adenoma, craniopharyngioma, or Rathke's cleft cyst. Secondary abscesses share radiologic characteristics with the lesions from which they arise. ...
Ooi L L - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Isolated splenic abscesses is an uncommon clinical entity that is being increasingly recognized as a cause of intraabdominal sepsis in a wide variety of clinical situations, and involving a wide range of organisms. The increasing incidence of immunosuppressed states in this decade due to the use of chemotherapy for ...
Rapanà A - - 1997
Subdural interhemispheric hematomas (ISH), though not really rare, are quite an uncommon complication of head traumas. This condition is more frequent in childhood, where it is generally considered as a part of a more complex syndrome, called 'Shaken Children Syndrome', usually pointing out child abuse. Although a head injury is ...
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