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Results 551 - 600 of 641
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Mabogunje O A - - 1984
There has been no previous report on bacterial liver abscess (BLA) from West Africa. During the period 1972-1979, 13 patients were treated for BLA in Zaria, Nigeria. S. aureus was the most frequent pathogen but an anaerobic streptococcus was identified in one instance. The case fatality rate was 54%, similar ...
Sandler M A - - 1984
Sonograms of 72 patients with pain and swelling in the groin due to intravenous drug abuse were reviewed, together with 2 cases which were due to trauma. There were 27 abscesses, 36 cases of cellulitis or thrombophlebitis, 7 cases of lymphadenopathy, 3 hematomas, and 1 pseudoaneurysm. Most abscesses presented as ...
Watters D A - - 1984
A case is reported in which an anastomotic leak following the Swenson procedure for Hirschsprung's disease was complicated by the development of a pelvic abscess that communicated freely with the epidural space. The child presented with signs and symptoms of an epidural abscess, but his myelogram was normal. The diagnosis ...
Allison H F - - 1984
In recent years Streptococcus milleri has emerged as an important cause of pyogenic liver abscess. Whether this represents a changing epidemiological pattern or merely reflects the more widespread application of routine anaerobic bacterial culture techniques is unclear. The isolation of Strept. milleri on culture of a blood specimen from a ...
Murray P M - - 1984
Anaerobic bacteria often are neglected in discussions of the bacteriology of mediastinitis. Two cases of anaerobic mediastinitis are reported and the literature in this field is reviewed. Anaerobes are important pathogens in the etiology of mediastinitis secondary to perforation of the esophagus, extension of a retropharyngeal abscess, or extension of ...
Baveja U K - - 1984
Serological studies were done on 127 cases using three different techniques namely indirect haemagglutination (IHA), indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFT) and counter immunoelectrophoresis (CIEP) to detect antiamoebic antibodies. All amoebic liver abscess cases showed significant titre of antibodies by all the three tests used. In the group of patients suffering ...
Weaver D D - - 1984
A case is presented of metastatic dural carcinomatosis associated with a thickened subdural membrane similar to those found in association with posttraumatic chronic subdural hematomas. In this case burr-hole drainage was attempted as a result of findings on computed tomography scanning that suggested a right frontal chronic subdural hematoma. However, ...
Navarro C - - 1984
We describe the case of a 58-year-old man who presented to the hospital with central abdominal pain, nausea, fever, chills, and dyspnea. While in the hospital, jaundice appeared and the liver function tests revealed features of both cholestasis and hepatocellular injury. He developed gram-negative septicemia and died on the sixth ...
Drapkin A J - - 1984
A case of epidural hematoma associated with Paget's disease of the skull, following minimal head trauma, is presented. Review of the literature yielded only one previously reported case of this association. Factors of relevance in the development of epidural hematoma in patients with Paget's disease of the skull are discussed, ...
Garcia C A - - 1984
A case of brain-stem ganglioglioma is reported. A review of the literature revealed only 13 other reported cases. Brain-stem gangliogliomas usually become symptomatic in the first and second decades of life and involve the medulla and pons. Clinical improvement and prolonged survival have been reported after partial resection.
Wedin G P - - 1984
Two cases of subcutaneously administered hydrocarbon based products are presented and the literature reviewed. The toxicity associated with subcutaneous administration is limited to the site of injection producing cellulitis and sterile abscess formation. Management is discussed with emphasis on the importance of incision and drainage of developing abscesses. Perceived toxicity ...
Wiethölter H - - 1984
This study reports the case of a 19-year-old Turkish woman who was suffering from a cerebral abscess and granuloma formation caused by Candida albicans. The diagnosis of her illness was established by cytologic analysis of the cerebrospinal fluid. Combined application of amphotericin B and 5-fluorocytosine cured the patient's disorder. Its ...
Schubert S - - 1984
The amoebic liver abscess, the peritoneal tuberculosis and the "tropical splenomegaly" belong to diseases which are frequent in warm countries but single cases appear also in moderate climate by intercontinental communications. False diagnoses especially in the first both can lead to severe rsp. fatal consequenses. Therefore experiences are dealed with, ...
Alberti-Flor J J - - 1983
The primary source of pyogenic liver abscess is undetermined in about 30 percent of cases. Escherichia coli, microaerophilic streptococci and Bacteroides fragilis are among the common pathogens. Some cases can be treated with antibiotics alone; others require surgical management. With improved methods of diagnosis and therapy, the mortality rate is ...
Goergen T G - - 1983
A retrospective review of 80 scintigraphic bleeding studies performed with Tc-99m sulfur colloid or Tc-99m labeled red blood cells showed five cases where there were abnormal findings not related to bleeding. In some cases, the abnormalities were initially confused with bleeding or could obscure an area of bleeding, while in ...
Shaw P J - - 1983
Perforation of the gastrointestinal tract by ingested foreign bodies is rare; the diagnosis of pyogenic liver abscess resulting from such perforations is usually made at post-mortem. We present a case of perforation of the gut, due to an ingested dental plate, with a resultant pyogenic liver abscess, which presented as ...
Mastroianni P P - - 1983
A case of femoral neuropathy secondary to psoas muscle hematoma in a patient on warfarin sodium anticoagulation therapy is presented. Computed tomography was used to establish the diagnosis. The literature is reviewed with regard to the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and therapy of this case. Surgical decompression is suggested to shorten ...
Kagawa M - - 1983
Sixty-two cases of brain abscess with congenital cyanotic heart disease are reviewed. A sharp peak in the age distribution was seen at 4 to 7 years of age. Of 62 cases, 38 (61.2%) had a tetralogy of Fallot, and six had a transposition of the great vessels. The majority of ...
Feneley M P - - 1983
Two cases in which cerebral abscess was the initial presenting feature of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations are reported. Cerebral abscess recurred in one patient. The pulmonary malformations were multiple and bilateral in both cases. One patient had associated features of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia. Surgical resection of the largest malformations was performed ...
Essop A R - - 1983
Tuberculous abscess of the liver is rare. A case is reported and the southern African literature briefly reviewed. The clinical similarities to amoebic and pyogenic liver abscesses and primary or secondary neoplasms of the liver are emphasized. Laboratory tests and hepatic scintiscans may not assist in differentiating between these conditions.
Dickson R I - - 1983
A case report of a patient with tonsillitis and peritonsillar abscess, who subsequently developed fatal myocarditis, is presented. The clinical course and pathological findings are outlined. The rare association of tonsillitis and pharyngitis with non-rheumatic, non-diphtheritic, non-fatal myocarditis was recognized and reported in the pre and early antibiotic era. The ...
Fingerhut A - - 1983
The authors report 4 cases of nontraumatic intramural hematoma of the duodenum (IMHD), 1 of pancreatic origin, 2 due to anticoagulant therapy while the 4th was an unusual complication of periarteritis nodosa. The principal anatomical, clinical, biological and radiological characteristics of IMHD are reviewed. Therapy is discussed, emphasizing nonaggressive surgery ...
Sloan T J - - 1983
Mediastinal hematomas not associated with aortic disruption are thought to be common entities, and it is generally believed that most will spontaneously resolve. However, large mediastinal hematomas can cause fluctuations in cardiorespiratory physiology and can even cause death. Three cases of mediastinal hematomas are presented, as well as their surgical ...
Sørensen M R - - 1983
A case of a large pyogenic liver abscess in a 16-year-old boy with appendicitis is presented. The clinical picture, bacteriology and treatment of the disease are discussed on the basis of 397 cases reported in the literature. It is concluded that ultrasound scanning of the liver is essential for early ...
Hamer R - - 1982
Two cases of retropharyngeal abscess are presented. The first case, that of a 4-year-old boy, was classical, diagnosed early, and treated with prompt incision and drainage. The second case was that of a 51-year-old man who developed complete upper airway obstruction, pneumothorax, and congestive heart failure prior to surgical drainage. ...
Cornelius E A - - 1982
A case of severe rhabdomyolysis is reported in which, some seven and one-half weeks after its occurrence, a gallium scan was strongly positive, due to abscess formation in the damaged muscle. A bone scan was weakly positive in the same area, due to gallium photons. A review of the the ...
Matsuda M - - 1982
A case of superior sagittal sinus thrombosis followed by a subdrual hematoma is reported. A 33-year-old woman, who presented with serious neurological deficits, made a remarkable recovery with mild residual. She had a thin subdural fluid collection, which eventually developed into a subdural hematoma. After evacuation of the hematoma, she ...
Benoit B G - - 1982
Epidural hematomas occasionally have a prolonged clinical course with gradual evolution of the neurologic symptoms. Seven such cases are reviewed in this report. Although the clinical course is insidious, there are certain features which should signal the presence of a slowly expanding hematoma. After an apparently minor head injury, the ...
Mills S E - - 1982
A 54-year-old man developed a post-traumatic brain abscess, and antibiotic ointment was instilled into the abscess cavity. The involved tissue was subsequently excised and was shown to contain the characteristic saccules and spherules of myospherulosis. The history of ointment usage further strengthens the association of petrolatum with the development of ...
Sandyk R - - 1982
The case of a 66-year-old man with a 4-month history of parkinsonism caused by a chronic subdural haematoma is presented. Disappearance of the extrapyramidal symptoms followed craniotomy and removal of the haematoma.
Abdulla M A - - 1982
Tropical pyomyositis is a disease of skeletal muscle characterised by single or multiple abscesses with Staphylococcus aureus the most commonly isolated organism. Most cases have been reported from the hot and humid tropics. This report reviews the literature, describes a case from hot, dry Saudi Arabia and suggests that such ...
Pozzati E - - 1982
Two cases of traumatic interhemispheric subdural hematoma are reported. The first patient had combined convexity and parasagittal subdural hematomas; the second patient had an interhemispheric subdural hematoma which extended over the tentorium. Although most reported cases have followed a subacute clinical course with characteristic lower-extremity monoparesis, both our patients deteriorated ...
Moulinier R - - 1982
A case of human proliferative sparganosis, the first in the southern hemisphere, is reported. The patient had multiple nodular, papular, acne-like lesions, gynecomastia, and large subcutaneous abscesses. Laboratory findings showed that he also had severe anemia of the type associated with infection and chronic diseases, leukocytosis, eosinophilia, and severe hypoalbuminemia ...
Nakaso S - - 1982
We used the orcein staining method to study the homogeneity of the distribution of HBsAG in complete frontal liver sections from 115 cases with hepatoma, cirrhosis and other liver diseases. The distribution of orcein-positive hepatocytes was usually uniform in non-cancerous liver. In 86% of orcein-positive cases the pattern was homogeneous.
Vielvoye G J - - 1982
The case of a 1-year-old boy with an acute infratentorial subdural hematoma is presented. Surgical intervention revealed a bleeding vein at the edge of a right-sided tentorial tear. Traumatic tentorial tearing has been demonstrated previously only in neonates. Although computed tomography is the most effective method for recognition of this ...
Wilson E - - 1982
A case is presented of a cerebral abscess in a 59-yr-old woman caused by the dematiaceous fungus Cladosporium bantianum (Sacc.) Borelli (= Cladosporium trichoides Emmons). The morphological and physiological properties of the isolate and its pathogenicity for experimental animals were investigated and compared with some other Cladosporium species. The neurotropism ...
Fanney D - - 1982
During a 2-month period, 17 cases of pyomyositis were seen in the hospital population of a large refugee camp for Cambodians in Thailand. The temporal clustering of the cases suggests an epidemic pattern. Patients in this series were generally young and otherwise healthy. All had gram-positive cocci demonstrated in abscess ...
Whittle I R - - 1982
We report the occurrence of a Pasteurella multocida temporal lobe abscess in an elderly woman who had a history of neglected chronic purulent otitis and in whom an extensive ipsilateral glomus tumour invading the petrous bone was found. We believe this is the first report in the literature of an ...
Arseni C - - 1982
The authors stress the particular value of the bacteriological examination of the contents of cerebral abscesses. A homogeneous series of 188 cases is presented, of cerebral abscesses diagnosed between 1970 and 1979 in The Neurosurgical Clinic of Bucharest and etiological aspects are discussed in connection with 172 cases in which ...
St John J N - - 1981
The authors review 25 cases of post-traumatic subdural hygroma in adults and report the findings of computer tomography in 4 cases. There was marked diversity in the severity of injury and in chronicity. The site of the lesion was consistently delineated by angiography, but preoperative differentiation from subdural hematoma was ...
Hardy T L - - 1981
A review of the literature reveals that most chronic subdural empyemas occur within four to six months of the initial insult. It appears that only 1 case of a chronic subdural empyema, which occurred four years after extensive facial trauma, has been described. Our patient developed chronic subdural empyema thirteen ...
Humbyrd D E - - 1981
The occurrence of a brain abscess as a complication of halo traction and immobilization in the management of scoliosis is reported. Previous reports suggest that this complication is rare. Unique in this case is the development of an intracerebral abscess without skull perforation by the halo device and without evidence ...
Paredes E S - - 1981
We report a case of intraspinal subdural hematoma following trauma - a rare entity - with a review of the literature. The location of the hematoma in the cervical spine as described in this report is even more uncommon and was reported only once before. The pathophysiology of this entity ...
Mason R R - - 1981
In two patients, multiple hepatic abscesses secondary to obstructive cholangitis have resolved following the insertion of drains into the biliary tree by the percutaneous transhepatic route, under local anaesthesia. In the first case, the acute situation was relieved, allowing definitive management by an elective procedure rather than as an emergency. ...
Stone J L - - 1981
The authors report a series of 80 cases of traumatic subdural hygroma and discuss the clinical and radiological features, management, surgical results, and pathogenesis. Changes in mental status without focal signs of brain damage were noted in over 50% of the cases. A clinical course marked by stabilization without complete ...
Bos H J - - 1981
A severe kerato-iritis of the right eye of a 36-year-old healthy man constituted a diagnostic and therapeutic problem. More than seven months after the onset of his complaints a cornea transplantation was carried out because a large abscess had developed in the stroma of the cornea and perforation was feared. ...
Kozlowski K - - 1980
Eleven cases of Brodie's abscess in the first decade of life are presented. Brodie's abscess in the first decade of life usually shows the "Variant type" of X-ray appearances. The X-ray diagnosis is easy if the clinical data is known to the radiologist. The preponderance of Brodie's abscesses in the ...
Finne C O CO - - 1980
In the past 20 years few reports of transrectal drainage of pelvic abscesses have been published in the English language other than brief discussions in standard textbooks. During the past five years nine patients with pelvic abscesses have been treated successfully by this method. There were no deaths and morbidity ...
Olsen K D - - 1980
Although nasal injury is common-place in childhood, nasal septal trauma often is neglected and frequently goes undiagnosed until complications ensue. Only a complete intranasal examination in all cases of nasal trauma will detect intranasal fractures, dislocations, lacerations, hematomas, and abscess formation. Untreated, these septal and associated injuries can lead to ...
Harris L F - - 1980
The case of a 93-year-old female with a Streptococcus pneumoniae retroperitoneal abscess diagnosed by physical examination and abdominal ultrasonography is presented. Review of the literature reveals no previous cases of Streptococcus pneumoniae retroperitoneal abscess. Retroperitoneal abscess is a complication of common medical diseases. Delay in diagnosis contributes to a high ...
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