Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 642
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Banerjee U - - 1989
A case of cerebral cladosporiosis caused by Cladosporium trichoides (bantianum) now known as Xylohypha bantiana is described and illustrated. Predisposing debilitating diseases were not detectable. The Cladosporiosis diagnosis was based on visualisation of hyphal element in direct Gram's stain, direct KOH preparate of pus from brain abscess and on repeated ...
Lim T K - - 1989
We describe the course of illness in two middle-aged diabetic men who died suddenly from primary lung abscesses. They were in apparent good health and presented with fever, cough and small lung abscess [less than 5 cm] on chest radiographs. While receiving standard antimicrobial therapy in hospital, they experienced sudden ...
Okudera H - - 1989
A case is reported of an infant with bilateral subdural empyema due to Salmonella enteritidis. This Salmonella species is extremely uncommon as a pathogen in a focal infection in the central nervous system. Treatment by early surgical drainage, followed by systemic antibiotics and subdural irrigation, was successful. This is the ...
Gupta S K - - 1989
One hundred cases of empyema thoracic have been reviewed. Aetiology of empyema was tubercular in 21 per cent cases and non-tubercular in 79 per cent cases. Gram negative organisms were cultured in 84.6% cases, whereas gram positive organisms were cultured only in 15.4% cases. It was observed that management of ...
Hayashi Y - - 1989
The incidence of gas-containing pyogenic liver abscess is exceedingly rare. We report herein, a case of a 36-year-old Japanese woman with a gas-containing pyogenic liver abscess associated with diabetes mellitus and cholelithiasis. An abdominal plain X-ray film, which showed a fine air-fluid level in the liver at an up-right position, ...
Kang Y S - - 1989
The computed tomographic (CT) findings in four cases of seminal vesicle abscess are presented. The predominant infectious organism in two cases was Escherichia coli, one case was probably caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and another by atypical mycobacterium. The CT findings included unilateral (three cases) or bilateral involvement (one case), seminal ...
Renier D - - 1988
Since the introduction of ultrasonography and computerized tomography (CT) scanning, brain abscesses are found more frequently in cases of neonatal meningitis and septicemia, particularly when the offending pathogen is Proteus. Thirty cases of brain abscess in neonates are reported, 27 of which were caused by Proteus species infections. Twenty infants ...
Solms M - - 1988
A case of bifrontal abscesses is reported. The patient claimed that he sometimes saw the world as if it were upside-down. A review of the literature reveals that, since 1805, 21 similar cases have been documented. The present case is unusual in that the neuropsychological status of the patient is ...
Ezzell J H JH - - 1988
We present a case of pyogenic liver abscess caused by Gardnerella vaginalis, a previously unreported suppurative complication of infection with this organism. The development of the pylephlebitis originating from endometritis and the possible synergistic interaction of an anaerobic and aerobic organism is reviewed. G. vaginalis has been infrequently isolated in ...
Ohmagari, Takeyuki
A case of actinomycosis in the ileocecal area of a 44-years-old man which manifested as a painful lump in the right iliac fossa is reported. Clinical and laboratory findings suggested the diagnosis of perityphlitic abscess due to acute appendicitis. Upon a laparotomy, a malignant tumor was suspected and so a ...
Feuerman T - - 1988
Intraoperative development of an epidural hematoma contralateral to a craniotomy for acute traumatic extraaxial hematoma has been previously reported. This entity, however, has never been distinctly defined and differentiated from either the delayed or the bilateral acute epidural hematoma. We present 3 new cases of intraoperative contralateral acute epidural hematoma ...
Stankiewicz J A - - 1988
Peritonsillar abscess is a well-known sequela of acute tonsillitis. However, not so well known is the occurrence of a peritonsillarlike oropharyngeal abscess in patients with previous tonsillectomy. No case report or review exists in the American medical literature. We present four cases of abscess after tonsillectomy and a review of ...
Saal C J - - 1988
A case of a chronic odontogenic abscess that probably precipitated a frontopatrietal brain abscess by hematogenous spread has been presented. A thorough examination of the patient showed no other source of infection. Peptostreptococcus sp was found as the common pathogen despite 6 days of broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy. This case emphasizes ...
Pearl J M - - 1988
Recently, during a locally severe epidemic of gastroenteritis, a young woman presented, with the symptoms prevalent in her community, harboring an intraabdominal abscess. The case is presented along with a discussion of unusual and delayed presentations of abscesses in the literature. Early diagnosis is imperative because of the very significant ...
Friedrichs R - - 1988
We herein describe a case of adrenal hemorrhage on the right side in a forty-five-year-old woman. Her medical history did not show any evidence of an acute bleeding. The hematoma was removed and adrenalectomy performed. A veinectasis and a localized vasculitis are discussed as causes of bleeding.
Nishizaki T - - 1988
We report 3 cases of posterior fossa subdural effusion resulting from head trauma, and we review 20 previously reported cases. All patients with the acute type presented with progressive deterioration of consciousness associated with stiff neck, seizure, and dyspnea (apnea). By contrast, in the subacute or chronic type, persistent headache, ...
Alteras I - - 1988
A case of mycetoma, with abscess-like lesions which appeared on the right forearm of a 43-year-old male, is briefly reported. A few whitish granules were detected in the oily-like discharge, the same as in the histologic examination. No bone involvement was discovered in X-ray examination. Actinomadura was identified in the ...
Shultz S - - 1988
Percutaneous drainage of intraabdominal abscesses has become a routine procedure for preoperative confirmation of diagnosis and patient stabilization, and often provides definitive therapy. Diverticulitis is a frequent cause of pericolonic abscess but rarely results in colouterine fistula and pyometrium. We describe the first reported percutaneous drainage of such a case ...
Pickles J M - - 1988
Non-tuberculous retropharyngeal abscesses in adults are usually secondary to pharyngeal or oesophageal perforation, or sepsis in the throat or sinuses. Mediastinitis may follow, and broad-spectrum antibiotics and surgical drainage are required. The management of neck wounds must include adequate radiology where there is a risk of retained foreign body, and ...
Dunn K S - - 1988
A case of metastatic testicular teratoma is reported where histological evidence of metastatic disease was obtained 12 years after orchidectomy. The patient had presented again 2 years earlier but the presence of a large intra-abdominal abscess delayed the diagnosis of recurrence. At no time were the serum levels of alpha-fetoprotein ...
Chintapalli K - - 1988
Abdominal bleeding may accumulate in the peritoneal cavity, retroperitoneal compartments, intraabdominal organs such as liver or bowel wall, or, rarely, in the intestinal mesentery. During the past 3 years we have encountered four cases of isolated mesenteric hematomas that were demonstrated on abdominal computed tomography examination. In this report, we ...
Cheng A F - - 1988
To our knowledge, this is only the fourth case recorded of thyroid abscess due to Eikenella corrodens and the first in which the causative organism has been isolated in pure culture from the site of infection. E. corrodens may be the cause of apparently sterile thyroid abscesses encountered in head ...
Schut J M - - 1988
Psoas abscess is rare in children and is exceptional in the neonatal period. A sonographically and radiographically well-documented case of double-sided primary psoas abscess in a few-week-old infant is presented. To our knowledge this is the first description of a case of double-sided psoas abscess in a neonate.
Ishiwata Y - - 1988
The computerized tomography (CT) findings were analyzed in five cases of subdural tension pneumocephalus following surgery for chronic subdural hematoma. They were compared with CT scans in 14 cases of asymptomatic subdural pneumocephalus. In this study, two new CT findings were identified that suggest increased tension of the subdural air. ...
Gordon D H - - 1987
Retroperitoneal abscesses have been a difficult diagnostic and therapeutic challenge in the past. With the advent of precise noninvasive imaging modalities, they now are defined more easily. Percutaneous guided catheter drainage has changed our therapeutic approach to this disease and enabled rapid and complete drainage to be performed in the ...
Davion T - - 1987
We report a case of Pseudomonas aeruginosa liver abscesses following endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in a patient without evidence of biliary tract disease and of any known cause of hepatic infection. Computer tomography (CT) scan was the best method of diagnosis, allowing, through guided percutaneous puncture of the abscesses, isolation ...
Steel A - - 1987
A case of subcutaneous necrotising ulceration presenting on the chest wall following a dental abscess is described. The course, surgical treatment, chemotherapy and successful outcome of the case are annotated. The bacteriological findings in this and other cases presenting similarly are discussed, and the possible implication of bacteroides species, alone ...
Ginaldi S - - 1987
The use of a nasogastric tube to empty the stomach contents prevents compression of the splenic parenchyma and allows clear visualization of the anterior medial border of the spleen and perisplenic area. Unsuspected superficial lacerations or a contained hematoma by the splenic capsule may become apparent only following this procedure. ...
Chovanes G I - - 1987
A case of an intracranial hematoma in a neonate causing the release of free hemoglobin into the plasma is presented. No previous such case has been described. The relationship between hemoglobinemia and the occurrence of acute renal failure in this neonate is discussed, with comments on the possible etiological role ...
Katowitz J A - - 1987
A case of dacryocystitis due to Mycobacterium fortuitum is reported with secondary chronic granulomatous abscess of the eyelid. Mycobacterium fortuitum is an atypical Mycobacterium rarely encountered in ophthalmic practice. The clinical course of the abscess caused by Mycobacterium is reviewed and the successful management of this problem by cryotherapy discussed.
Farkas A M - - 1987
A post-traumatic hematoma may present either acutely as a presacral collection or chronically as a retrorectal mass. A case of postpartum presacral hematoma and its management in the acute setting is described. A case of a chronic, calcified hematoma presenting as an asymptomatic retrorectal mass is also reported. CT scanning ...
Kotwica Z - - 1987
The authors present 8 cases of chronic subdural haematoma with a history of illness longer than 1 year. They appeared among 92 cases of chronic subdural haematoma treated in the Neurosurgical Department of the Medical Academy of Lódź. The course of the illness and the results of surgical treatment are ...
van den Doel E M - - 1986
In his novel Pierrette, written in 1840, Balzac describes a case of chronic subdural hematoma, including its traumatic origin and surgical treatment. The description was written at a time when subdural hematoma was not seen as a separate clinical entity, and was generally thought to be the result of inflammation.
Arienta C - - 1986
Fifteen cases of spontaneous subdural hematoma are presented. A review of the literature reveals the rarity of this pathology. Symptomatological onset cannot be distinguished from the other cerebrovascular lesions. High mortality is connected with patient's consciousness level. CT scan performed in all patients presenting symptoms of cerebral stroke permitted to ...
Rhine W D - - 1986
Neonatal aspergillosis is a rare, usually overwhelming multisystem infection diagnosed postmortem. We present a neonate who had a brain abscess diagnosed by CT scan that was found at surgical exploration to contain aspergillus. Treatment included prolonged antifungal medication and several surgical interventions. The child has neurologic sequelae, including a seizure ...
Pencek T L - - 1986
Although it is well documented that retained foreign bodies are associated with delayed intracranial abscess, there are few reports of anaerobic organism growth. A case is presented in which a left parieto-occipital abscess surrounded a metallic fragment implanted when a mortar shell exploded in Vietnam 15 years before. The diagnostic ...
Carrier L - - 1986
In-111 oxine WBC abdominal scanning is now a widely accepted technique for the detection of abdominal infectious processes. High sensitivity and specificity are achieved. In-111 labeled leukocyte accumulation, however, does not always suggest the diagnosis of abscess. Higher specificity could be obtained by the knowledge of the In-111 leukocyte distribution ...
Raftopoulos C - - 1986
The case of a solitary cerebellar abscess in a 36-year-old Rwandese male is described. First it was considered to be tuberculosis, but at microscopal examination of the lesion after neurosurgical excision the true germ was found: Blastomyces dermatitidis. This solitary intracerebellar blastomycosis abscess is only the fifth case reported worldwide ...
Aoki N - - 1986
An adult case of intracerebellar hematoma with a definite capsule is presented. The hematoma is thought to have been enlarged by repeated hemorrhages inside the capsule, with consequent progressive neurological symptoms. Intracerebellar hematoma does not always disappear by absorption. On the contrary, it may expand, and symptoms and signs similar ...
Benanti J C - - 1986
Retropharyngeal calcific tendinitis is an inflammation of the longus colli muscle tendon, which is located on the anterior surface of the vertebral column extending from the atlas to the third thoracic vertebra. Five cases of acute retropharyngeal calcific tendinitis seen in the emergency department (ED) over a 15-month period are ...
Kobayashi A - - 1986
Dracunculus medinensis was recovered from a 42-year-old man residing in Shizuoka, Japan. Part of an adult female worm was removed from an abscess in the subcutaneous tissue on his right gastrocnemial muscle. The worm's morphology and that of the embryos found in its uterus revealed that the parasite was Dracunculus ...
Martinez-Lage J F - - 1986
The case of a 4-year-old girl who developed bilateral brain abscesses complicating skull traction is reported. Crutchfield tongs were used to reduce a fracture dislocation at C2-3. Presenting symptoms consisted of headaches and focal seizures. Surgical treatment and antibiotics using serial CT led to a satisfactory outcome. This is the ...
Raj T B - - 1985
Acute non-tuberculous retropharyngeal abscess in adults usually occurs after trauma to the pharynx and oesophagus. However, it may present secondarily to head and neck infection and should be borne in mind when dealing with patients who complain of cervical pain. The probable route of spread is via the lymphatics to ...
Barmeir E P - - 1985
Calcified chronic subdural haematomas (SDH) and features of arrested (compensated) hydrocephalus were demonstrated by skull radiography and cranial computed tomography (CT) in two children who had no neurological deficit. Ventricular surgical drainage had been performed 8 and 11 years prior to admission and the haematomas remained subsequently undetected. The following ...
Pinon G - - 1985
A case of fatal septicemia with Selenomonas sputigena in an immunocompromised patient is reported. The patient had a lung abscess from which the septicemia is believed to have originated. In contrast to the only other case reported in the literature, the isolate from our patient was characterized by very slow ...
Goodlin R C - - 1985
Two pregnant women at term had antenatal symptoms of impending preeclampsia (thrombocytopenia, liver dysfunction) and developed clinical signs of a leaking subcapsular liver hematoma in the immediate postpartum period. They were managed conservatively, with blood transfusions and ultrasonic computerized tomographic monitoring of the hematoma. Both did well, and their hospital ...
Zabbo A - - 1985
Emphysematous pyelonephritis is a severe infection found almost exclusively in diabetics, characterized by the presence of gas within the renal parenchyma. The diagnosis is established radiographically. An additional case is added to the 52 cases reported in the literature; we believe this is the fifth reported case with bilateral emphysematous ...
Mann K S - - 1985
Traumatic acute arterial subdural hematomas are rare and are associated with a high mortality rate. The authors report a case in which the initial computed tomographic (CT) scan examination failed to reveal a hematoma. Within the subsequent 4 hours, while recovering from anesthesia given so that hemostasis of bleeding soft ...
Smith S M - - 1985
Two cases are presented which display a scintigraphic picture of increased Ga-67 activity around the spleen with a relative photon deficient center. We call this pattern the perisplenic halo of Ga-67, which represents a perisplenic abscess. The anatomy of the perisplenic compartment and the possible pitfalls in diagnosing the perisplenic ...
Zieger A - - 1984
Thirty-two consecutive cases of nontraumatic intracerebellar hematomas detected by computed tomography are reviewed. A strong correlation was found between the clinical course and the volumetrically calculated size of the hematomas. Prompt evacuation has the best prognosis in cases that have an acute or subacute course (hematoma size, 22.5 to 66 ...
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