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Results 451 - 500 of 641
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Mehrotra G - - 1992
Acute Budd-Chiari syndrome caused by compression of the inferior vena cava by a space-occupying lesion in the liver is rare in children. We report a case where the compression was due to a large staphylococcal abscess in the right lobe of the liver. A high index of suspicion in such ...
Das D K - - 1992
Amongst 1061 breast lesions diagnosed by fine needle aspiration (FNA) over a period of 6 years (1985-1990), 128 were reported to be showing changes consistent with an inflammatory lesion. On review, the cytodiagnosis was found to be inaccurate in 31 cases. The cytological features of the 97 cases that were ...
MacDonald H J - - 1992
We report a rare case of a patient with blastomycosis who presented with splenic abscess and peritoneal involvement. This case is unique in that no historical or radiographic evidence of antecedent pulmonary infection was apparent and therapy with orally administered ketoconazole was effective. We reviewed the English-language literature on blastomycotic ...
Yenrudi S - - 1992
A 31-year-old woman with A. sobria infection and septicemia was reported. The patient was a known case of ANLL,M4 with incomplete remission following successive courses of chemotherapy. There were abscesses in the subcutaneous tissue of right knee and the liver at necropsy. Leukemic cell infiltration in various organs as well ...
Tony J C - - 1992
Two hundred cases of amebic liver abscess diagnosed between 1989 and 1991 at the Kasturba Medical College, Manipal were analyzed in this retrospective study. The clinical features and investigation reports were studied and the treatment and its response were analyzed. Amebic liver abscess constituted 0.6% of total hospital admissions during ...
Bergmann M - - 1992
A case of chronic subdural hematoma associated with dural metastasis from gastric cancer is reported. It is compatible with the concept that subdural bleeding may result from obstruction of dural vessels by neoplastic cells. Other possible pathogenetic mechanisms of this rare complication are discussed and a literature review is given. ...
Delfini R - - 1991
Interhemispheric subdural hematoma (ISH) is a rare form of post-traumatic intracranial hemorrhage. The Authors report a further case and review the relevant literature. ISH most frequently gives a clinical picture corresponding to the falx syndrome. The possibility of an interhemispheric hematoma evolving into a chronic subdural hematoma of the convexity ...
Riefler J J - - 1991
The case of a 34-year-old intravenous drug abuser who survived brain abscess due to Rhizopus arrhizus is presented. The diagnosis was made by brain biopsy. Fungal brain abscess is a rare complication of IV drug abuse. Phycomycetes cause venous thrombosis and infarction of brain tissue. Medical versus surgical options are ...
Rosati C - - 1991
Most complications after appendectomy occur within weeks of the operation. The authors present a case in which an appendicular abscess presented more than 18 years after appendectomy for acute appendicitis. The abscess simulated a neoplastic obstructive process, and a communication was demonstrated between the cecum and the abscess cavity through ...
Sales J H - - 1991
Toxic shock syndrome continues to be encountered more frequently with the head and neck areas as sources of the toxin. In head and neck surgery practice it is most commonly noted following nasal packing. An unusual case associated with staphylococcal pharyngitis and spontaneous submandibular space abscess is reported and the ...
Robert J Y - - 1991
Although an increasing number and variety of complications of endoscopic injection sclerotherapy (EIS) of bleeding esophageal varices have been reported, infectious complications are rare. A case of brain abscess following EIS is reported which was characterised by an unusual clinical presentation in that there was no fever or leucocytosis. This ...
Tang E S - - 1991
A Chinese female aged 2 years 8 months with tuberculous meningitis developed hydrocephalus requiring insertion of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt. After adequate anti-tuberculosis chemotherapy for 14 weeks, multiple intracranial tuberculous abscesses developed. The lesions increased in size and number accompanied by clinical deterioration. Repeated drainage operations were performed in view of ...
Hai A A - - 1991
Two hundred and twenty cases of amoebic liver abscess were seen between 1981-1986. The majority were young or middle aged males belonging to the lower socio-economic group and 85% gave a history of drinking toddy (fermented palm juice). The highest incidence of the disease occurred during the peak toddy season ...
Kitchen P R - - 1991
Sub-areolar abscess is a form of chronic non-lactational mastitis often presenting in young women at the areolar margin as a recurring discharge or painful infection. Incision and drainage is inadequate and will be followed by recurrence unless the major duct leading from the abscess to the nipple is identified and ...
Mwosu C M - - 1991
A case of primary pyogenic psoas abscess presenting with paraparesis and motor paralytic bladder is presented. Available literature on primary psoas abscess, the rarity of neurological sequelae and the role of imaging techniques in diagnosis are discussed. A mechanism for the bladder and lower extremity involvement is proffered. The importance ...
Knight L C - - 1991
A lingual abscess is a great rarity. Only two cases have ever been reported from the United Kingdom, and only three cases have been recorded outside of India in the past fifty years. The third British case is reported and the previous literature reviewed, along with discussion of the aetiology, ...
Rivano C - - 1991
This study reports and discusses clinical and neuroradiological findings in 22 new cases of posterior fossa epidural hematomas (PFEDHs), all of whom underwent surgical treatment after having suffered an occipital head trauma. The authors emphasize the importance of serial CT scans in establishing prompt diagnosis and treatment and in reducing ...
Khalil A - - 1991
Hemobilia in children is rare and has so far been described only as a complication of blunt abdominal trauma. A case of hemobilia secondary to liver abscess treated successfully by selective arterial embolization is described. Hemobilia should be considered in any case of gastrointestinal hemorrhage before any operative intervention is ...
Vos P E - - 1991
Two cases of intracranial subdural hematoma following lumbar puncture are presented. A review of all previously reported cases shows that subdural hematoma after lumbar puncture is a rare but serious complication. The pathogenesis of subdural hematoma after lumbar puncture is probably related to that of post lumbar puncture headache. Application ...
Clark K R - - 1991
We describe a case of late perforation of the right internal mammary vein by a central venous catheter inserted via the left subclavian vein. This resulted in extravasation of parenteral nutritional fluid and breast abscess formation. Delay in reaching the diagnosis was experienced in this case and in two cases ...
Galli G - - 1991
Scintigraphy with 99mTc labelled human polyclonal immunoglobulin was performed in 16 patients with ascertained or suspected AIDS-related infections. 99mTc-HIG lung scanning was compared, in 11 patients, with 67Ga scintigraphy, chest X-ray and high resolution lung CT. 67Ga and 99mTc-HIG were concordantly positive in five cases of BAL-ascertained Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia ...
Davidson W R - - 1990
Case records of 683 white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) submitted to the Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study (Georgia, USA) for diagnostic purposes from 1971 to 1989 were reviewed for the occurrence of pyogenic infections of the central nervous system, specifically intracranial abscessation or suppurative meningoencephalitis. These conditions, either alone or in ...
McManners J - - 1990
A case of a dento-alveolar abscess due to a polymicrobial infection with a yeast, Candida guilliermondii and two other oral bacteria are described. A review of the literature has revealed only a single case of an odontogenic abscess due to Candida species and we believe this to be the first ...
Fornarola V - - 1990
Renal adenocarcinoma can present with a wide range of symptoms and clinical signs and among them pain is the more frequent. As a matter of fact, it can also assume the features of a reno-ureteral colic. This kind of symptom, however, is more frequently combined with macro-hematuria and seldom presents ...
Dugger K - - 1990
A case of a patient with a hepatic abscess secondary to a fish or chicken bone is presented. Of interest is the fact that the abscess resulted from gastrointestinal perforation of the foreign object. A review of the literature of this unusual occurrence along with clues to making the diagnosis ...
Walia H S - - 1990
Intrasplenic abscess is an uncommon but potentially lethal condition. Seven cases of splenic abscess were seen between 1985 and 1988. There are no specific clinical findings; symptoms and signs of fever, abdominal pain and tenderness were present in all seven cases but were only helpful in diagnosing splenic abscess in ...
Jani A N - - 1990
Actinomycosis of the testicle is a rare clinical entity. A review of the literature reveals only 7 case reports. Patients require prolonged therapy with antibiotics, usually penicillin. Many patients with less severe forms of the disease improve on antibiotics alone. Surgical intervention is reserved for confirming the diagnosis, treatment of ...
Karthigasu K T - - 1990
Atypical mycobacteria causing extra-pulmonary disease in man are well documented. These infections are manifested by the presence of ulcers, abscesses and lymphadenitis. Mycobacterium marinum is particularly noted for infections involving the synovium, tendon sheaths, bursae and bone. Of lesser note is Mycobacterium terrae (radish bacillus), a nonchromogen also associated with ...
Andersen W C - - 1990
This paper reports on a case of a 70-year-old physician diagnosed with a parietal lobe abscess following such treatment. After stereotactic biopsy and drainage and a 6-week course of intravenous antibiotic treatment, the patient recovered with minimal neurologic deficits. Although brain abscesses are not commonly encountered in practice, clinicians must ...
Hussain P - - 1990
Whereas psoas abscess secondary to many local intra- and extra-peritoneal septic processes is well recognised, primary psoas abscess is much less common and the diagnosis is often delayed, leading to significant morbidity and mortality. A case of primary psoas abscess is described and the role of ultrasound in the investigation ...
Shikani A H - - 1990
Salmonella species represent uncommon causative agents in focal infections of the head and neck. The case of a 24-year-old diabetic man with a neck abscess caused by Salmonella enteritidis is presented, and the relevant literature is reviewed. Salmonella should be included in the differential diagnosis of head and neck abscesses.
Raftopoulos C - - 1990
Acute subdural hematoma of the posterior fosa (ASDH-PF) is a clinical rarity with a poor prognosis in teenagers or adults (mortality rate: 71%). We report the third case operated upon with success. The relevant literature is analysed and the characteristics of ASDH-PF are discussed, particularly in connection with the patient's ...
Mohd T H - - 1989
A case of liver atrophy associated with hepatolithiasis and cholangiocarcinoma is presented. Intraductal calculus and left hepatic lobar atrophy were seen on both ultrasound and computerised tomography examinations. The lobar atrophy was accompanied by hypoplasia of left common hepatic artery. Cholangiocarcinoma was diagnosed on histology. There have been several reported ...
Meirow D - - 1989
A 40-year-old woman presented with a right adnexal mass. Laparotomy revealed a large tuboovarian abscess due to Staphylococcus aureus. The only significant past medical history was a Cesarean section and bilateral tubal ligation 10 years prior to admission. The tuboovarian abscess, due to this unusual organism, may have developed insidiously ...
Tatagiba M - - 1989
The authors report eight cases of chronic epidural hematoma, classified according to macroscopical operative findings and histological studies of the hematomas. Clinical, radiological, and pathological findings are described. A review of 63 cases of the literature is presented, and the accepted concepts for classification and management of these lesions are ...
Fröhlich E P - - 1989
A rare case of true necrotizing fasciitis arising from a spontaneously drained Bartholin's abscess is described. The presentation, diagnosis and treatment of this condition are discussed, and the literature on similar cases arising from the female genital tract is reviewed, emphasizing the importance of early and aggressive surgical excision of ...
Herkes G K - - 1989
Cerebral nocardiosis is an uncommon but increasingly diagnosed infection in Australia. We report three cases. One occurred in an immunosuppressed male in whom the diagnosis was made at autopsy, one in an otherwise healthy elderly woman with subcutaneous nocardiosis, and the third was a posterior fossa nocardial abscess without systemic ...
Smouha E E - - 1989
The use of antibiotics in suppurative otitis media has greatly diminished the incidence of complications. Deep neck abscess arising from acute mastoiditis, a disease thoroughly described by Frederick Bezold early in this century, has become rare. In the last three years we have treated five cases of deep neck abscess ...
Anegawa S - - 1989
We report a case of spontaneous epidural hematoma secondary to dural metastasis of an undifferentiated ovarian carcinoma. The hemorrhage occurred 2 days after oophorectomy. The hematoma was evacuated, and histological examination of the galea and dura mater revealed metastatic ovarian carcinoma. The absence of other pathology in the vicinity of ...
Watanapa P - - 1989
Splenic abscess is an unusual disease and may be presented either as a localized area of infection in the spleen or as a part of generalized sepsis. Population-based autopsy studies have established the incidence of splenic abscess at between 0.2-0.7 per cent. An eleven-year retrospective study of cases of splenic ...
Nakagawa Y - - 1989
The authors describe the case of an 11-day-old boy with high fever and signs of meningeal irritation in whom computed tomography demonstrated a large brain abscess with intracystic hemorrhage in the right temporal lobe. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis indicated purulent meningitis caused by Escherichia coli. After aspiration of the abscess contents, ...
Roberge R J - - 1989
A 21-year-old man presented to our emergency department with a two-day complaint of painful swelling and protrusion of the tongue, odynophagia, dysphagia, and difficulty with speech. A nonfluctuant area of tongue swelling was identified; needle aspiration of this site produced 5 mL of pus, with considerable amelioration of symptoms. Culture ...
Lalkaka J A - - 1989
A 16 year old male was admitted with a clinical picture suggesting an intracranial pyogenic infection. He also has focal convulsions and left abducens palsy. CT scan showed a subdural empyema with interhemispheric extension. Since the patient was improving clinically, neurosurgical intervention was deferred. Spontaneous interhemispheric empyema is an uncommon ...
Kennelly M J - - 1989
A pure seminal vesicle abscess is a rare condition. We report case 7 in the literature and to our knowledge the first patient who has been managed successfully by noninvasive, conservative antibiotic treatment alone. All previously reported cases of seminal vesicle abscesses have been managed with invasive therapy. In 5 ...
Unnikrishnan M - - 1989
Thirty three cases of posterior fossa abscesses seen over a period of 20 years are reviewed. 84.8% of these were secondary to otogenic disease. Two abscesses were due to tuberculosis and one due to actinomycotic infection. The overall mortality was 12.1%. Total excision of the abscess with appropriate antibiotic therapy ...
Cohen A F - - 1989
Sublingual hematoma is a rare but potentially fatal complication of oral warfarin sodium. Less than ten cases are reported in the English-language literature with only two of these appearing in the otolaryngologic literature. Spontaneous bleeding into the sublingual and submaxillary spaces creates a "pseudo-Ludwig's" phenomenon with elevation of the tongue ...
Nachman S - - 1989
A case of hepatic abscess and subsequent septicemia caused by Clostridium bifermentans is described. The abscess manifested itself on the third day after blunt trauma to the torso. The patient had nausea, vomiting, fever, evidence of hepatic dysfunction, and subphrenic gas. This case illustrates the association of hepatic abscess and ...
Legrand J C - - 1989
A case of Gardnerella vaginalis bacteremia is reported. This bacteremia occurred in a male alcohol abuser who developed definite signs of pulmonary abscess and empyema. Streptococcus milleri grew from another blood culture, but Gardnerella vaginalis was also isolated from a bronchoscopic aspirate and pleural drainage sample as part of mixed ...
Cook J A - - 1989
Penetrating injuries of the neck are a cause of retropharyngeal abscess. Should a foreign body become lodged in the retropharyngeal tissues its removal may avoid this complication, but surgery can in itself be hazardous. Between 10 and 15 per cent of cases of retropharyngeal cellulitis resulting from whatever cause do ...
Banerjee U - - 1989
A case of cerebral cladosporiosis caused by Cladosporium trichoides (bantianum) now known as Xylohypha bantiana is described and illustrated. Predisposing debilitating diseases were not detectable. The Cladosporiosis diagnosis was based on visualisation of hyphal element in direct Gram's stain, direct KOH preparate of pus from brain abscess and on repeated ...
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