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Nuttall T J - - 1998
Twelve dogs were referred with purulent and proliferative otitis externa. Prior treatment included fluoroquinolones, glucocorticoids and polyvalent ear drops over seven days to five months. In all cases the vertical and horizontal ear canals were inflamed and thickened, with ruptured tympanic membranes in four cases. No abnormalities were seen on ...
Oloff L M - - 1998
Nineteen consecutive cases of flexor hallucis longus stenosing tenosynovitis that underwent operative tenolysis from September 1994 to December 1996 were retrospectively reviewed. This is classically a disorder of ballet dancers, and to a much lesser extent, running athletes. The patients were primarily nonathletic, male, and middle-aged. The mean symptom duration ...
Carmeci C - - 1998
We describe the case of a patient with abdominal apoplexy, the spontaneous rupture of a visceral vessel. Laparotomy revealed a hematoma arising from a ruptured gastroepiploic artery. We report the usefulness of preoperative abdominal computed tomography and transgastric ultrasonography and discuss the condition of abdominal apoplexy. An increased awareness of ...
Wirbel R J - - 1998
We present herein a case of blunt rupture of the right hemidiaphragm occurring with complete intrathoracic dislocation of the right hepatic lobe in a polytraumatized patient. The initial chest X-ray was interpreted as right-sided hemothorax, and a thoracic drainage tube was accidentally placed into the liver. A computed tomography scan ...
Richards C F - - 1998
The Esophageal-Tracheal Combitube is a new alternative airway device. Few complications of its use have been reported. This article reports a case of a 71-year-old female with angioedema of the tongue and airway obstruction who suffered piriform sinus rupture during Combitube placement by prehospital personnel, resulting in massive subcutaneous emphysema. ...
Miller J S - - 1998
Penetrating injuries to the abdominal aorta most often result in rapid exsanguination and death. Immediate surgical intervention may result in control of hemorrhage and survival of the patient. Rarely, hemorrhage after aortic injury may be contained by surrounding tissues, resulting in pseudoaneurysm formation. Traumatic pseudoaneurysms may rupture at any time, ...
Rosbotham J L - - 1998
Subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn (SCFN) is a relatively uncommon condition of the skin which is said to be benign and painless. We report an infant with extremely painful SCFN which was relieved only by opiate analgesia. SCFN normally resolves spontaneously within a few weeks. This case is, therefore, ...
Csata S - - 1998
Two cases of spontaneous pelvic rupture are presented. In Case 1 (female, 49 years) and Case 2 (male, 63 years) the rupture was due to obstruction and tumorous compression of the ureter, respectively. Authors deal with the diagnostic difficulties and the possibility of a cure without open surgery. Conservative therapy ...
Kausch T - - 1998
Closed rupture of the anterior tibial tendon is uncommon, with 33 cases being reported previously. In this report we add another to these few. The literature is reviewed; late diagnosis is frequent, and the injury occurs in middle-aged and elderly patients after distorsion of the foot in plantar flexion and ...
Maxeiner H - - 1997
Subdural hematomas (SDH) are a frequent autopsy finding in victims of closed head injuries. About 2/3 of the cases in our own massive SDH series had brain contusions as a cause of bleeding. In about 1/3 of the cases, SDH resulted from ruptured vessels of the brain surface in the ...
Sun M S - - 1997
Uterine rupture is a rare obstetric emergency, and the diagnosis of rupture is not always obvious. High surgical delivery rate today which tends to increase the incidence of the disaster urged us to present this report. Two cases of spontaneous rupture of uterus are described. Case 1 concerns spontaneous rupture ...
Desgrandchamps F - - 1997
PURPOSE: We defined the mechanisms responsible for rupture of orthotopic, detubularized ileal bladder replacement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed retrospectively the records of 5 cases of ileal neobladder rupture treated at our center between 1985 and 1995. RESULTS: The interval to perforation varied from 3 to 60 months after surgery. ...
So V - - 1997
A case of heel pain is presented. The clinical presentation implicates the pathological processes of acute retrocalcaneal bursitis, Achilles tendinosis, partial rupture of the tendon possibly as a result of repetitive corticosteroid injection, and subsequent calf atrophy and functional disability. Finally, aspects of predisposing factors, biomechanics, pathology, and clinical management ...
Sadikot R T - - 1997
The association between a spontaneous pneumothorax and an azygos lobe is surprisingly rare. A case is reported in which surgical management was difficult; it is suggested that thoracotomy is preferable to video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in this situation. It is possible that the presence of an azygos lobe might protect against ...
Miller D A - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To examine risk factors and maternal and neonatal outcomes in ten cases of intrapartum rupture of the unscarred uterus. METHODS: Uterine ruptures in women without previous cesarean deliveries were identified from an ongoing log for a 12-year period beginning January 1, 1983. Detailed information was obtained by review of ...
Okamoto T - - 1997
A 53-year-old woman went into shock with a spontaneous uterine rupture due to choriocarcinoma that occurred 23 years after an elective abortion in the first trimester, and she underwent an emergency hysterectomy. After 4 courses of uneventful postoperative chemotherapy, she suffered from severe pneumonia. Fortunately, however, she recovered and has ...
Lobato E B - - 1997
Patients with tracheal rupture present a considerable challenge to the anesthesiologist. The most important aspect in anesthesiology in such cases is to maintain oxygenation and ventilation without compromising surgical repair. We report a case of a woman who suffered a chemical perforation of the carina and left bronchus after ingesting ...
Asgari M M - - 1997
Spontaneous rupture of the spleen is a rare complication of infectious mononucleosis (IM) occurring in 0.1-0.5 percent of patients with proven IM [1]. Although splenectomy has been advocated as the definitive therapy in the past, numerous recent reports have documented favorable outcomes with non-operative management. A review of the literature ...
Simansky D A - - 1997
A 17-year-old boy presented with spontaneous hemothorax due to a puncture wound of the diaphragm by an inward facing exostosis of the rib. Diagnosis was made by computed tomographic scan, and the patient underwent a video-assisted thoracoscopic procedure to remove the exostosis. This is only the eighth reported case of ...
Uchida K - - 1997
We report a case of spontaneous haemothorax in a 19 year old boy with an exostosis of the left second rib. It may have been caused by nontraumatic rupture of markedly dilated pleural vessels, as a result of long-standing friction between the exostosis and the pleura. This is the first ...
Frimpong-Boateng K - - 1997
Two Ghanaian women, aged 21 and 29 years, who were involved in road traffic accidents sustaining blunt trauma to the chest and who had delayed diagnosis of their total bronchial rupture and underwent successful surgical repair 18 and 29 months, respectively after injury are reported with a review of the ...
Inokuchi S - - 1997
A rare case of closed complete rupture of the flexor hallucis longus tendon at its groove in the posterior process of the talus is reported in a soccer player who developed pseudarthrosis of the posterolateral tubercle of the talus after a Shepherd's fracture. Partial rupture or tenosynovitis of the flexor ...
Frosh A - - 1997
We present a case of rupture and herniation of cartilaginous tracheal rings into the lumen of the trachea that was noticed as an incidental finding during bronchoscopy after percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy. While percutaneous methods of tracheostomy formation gain popularity in intensive care settings, the number of reported problems associated with ...
Adegboyega P A - - 1996
We report a case of Rendu-Osler-Weber syndrome, occurring as sudden death after two episodes of massive hemothorax. Autopsy revealed massive hemothorax resulting from spontaneous rupture of one of three subpleural arteriovenous malformations. Review of the patient's hospital records showed that she had had a massive spontaneous hemothorax 13 years earlier ...
Lynch J C - - 1996
A review of the medical records from two public hospitals in Sydney was undertaken to determine the incidence of this uncommon complication. Twenty-seven cases of uterine rupture were reported out of 31,115 deliveries with an incidence of 0.086% (versus 0.05% in the current literature). The incidence associated with previous caesarean ...
Kato T - - 1996
Segmental mediolytic arteritis is a rare non-inflammatory arteriopathy. Only eight cases have been reported so far. The authors report a case of a ruptured inferior mesenteric artery aneurysm due to segmental mediolytic arteritis in which preoperative angiography revealed lesions and successful surgical treatment was performed. A review of the clinical ...
Catalano O - - 1996
Adrenal myelolipomas are usually small and asymptomatic tumors discovered incidentally. In a small number of cases, acute pain may develop secondary to intratumoral and/or retroperitoneal bleeding. We observed a large, surgically and histologically confirmed, myelolipoma of the right adrenal gland with spontaneous internal and external hemorrhage. CT demonstrated heterogeneity of ...
el Nakadi B E - - 1996
Primary "atherosclerotic" aneurysms of the profunda femoris are rare. Although they commonly present with rapid enlargement or rupture, only 8 ruptured cases have been found in the literature. We report a new case where the preoperative diagnosis was established by Duplex ultrasonography. Angiography was made for surgical management. Simple ligation ...
Ciftci A O - - 1996
We present an infant who developed diaphragmatic rupture and secondary hernia following a successful diaphragmatic plication performed for congenital diaphragmatic eventration. The rupture occurred through the normal looking diaphragmatic tissue with an intact plication suture line, which has not been reported before. The possible etiologic factors of this secondary hernia ...
Warner J E - - 1996
We report a case of chiasmal apoplexy due to a cavernous malformation (CM). Surgery was delayed because of the patient's advanced pregnancy, and nearly complete recovery of vision occurred spontaneously. Recurrent hemorrhage prompted surgical extirpation. The patient was left with a residual deficit. The literature pertaining to chiasmal apoplexy and ...
Sieh K - - 1996
This survey of well-documented repeated fault rupture confirms that some faults have exhibited a "characteristic" behavior during repeated large earthquakes--that is, the magnitude, distribution, and style of slip on the fault has repeated during two or more consecutive events. In two cases faults exhibit slip functions that vary little from ...
Galindo Gallego M - - 1996
Rupture of the pericardium due to blunt thoracic trauma is a rare pathology with a range of mortality between 30 and 64% according to different authors. We review 40 cases which have been reported in the literature in the last decade and report a case of our own. We have ...
Suner S - - 1996
Spontaneous uterine rupture is a life-threatening obstetrical emergency encountered infrequently in the emergency department. The diagnosis of spontaneous uterine rupture is often missed or delayed, leading to maternal and fetal mortality. Emergency physicians must consider this diagnosis when presented with a pregnant patient in shock with abdominal pain. We present ...
Lanzetta M - - 1996
Closed ruptures of both normal flexor tendons in the same finger are extremely rare, only nine cases having been reported in the literature. The authors describe the case of a patient who sustained a closed rupture of both flexor digitorum profundus and flexor digitorum superficialis of the ring finger, following ...
Ma T K - - 1996
Spontaneous rupture of thoracic aorta without aneurysm formation is extremely rare. A case of spontaneous rupture through an atheromatous plaque in an 82-year-old woman is reported. She presented with atypical chest pain, and chest radiography revealed no evidence of aneurysm. She died suddenly in the hospital within 24 h after ...
Dietzel D P - - 1996
This article reviews four cases of spontaneous pneumothorax that occurred after shoulder arthroscopy. Each of the patients had an underlying history of smoking or asthma. The cause was believed to be a rupture of an underlying bleb or bullae. No other complications were identified with the cases such as faulty ...
Kimura H - - 1996
We report herein the rare case of a 56-year-old woman who suffered vaginal rupture into the peritoneal cavity during sexual intercourse, through which the small intestine prolapsed out from the vaginal opening. The patient had undergone abdominal hysterectomy 4 years earlier. An emergency laparotomy was performed which revealed rupture in ...
Dougenis D - - 1996
Dermatomyositis is a chronic inflammatory myopathy with severe prognosis. A 57-year-old woman suffering from dermatomyositis is presented who, in the course of the disease, developed acute spontaneous esophageal rupture due to dermatomyositis involvement of the esophagus. She was successfully treated with total esophagectomy and stomach interposition. This is the first ...
Chang M S - - 1995
Hepatobiliary cystadenoma is a rare hepatic neoplasm which has a high tendency to recur and has malignant potential. We review the literature and report a case of intrahepatic cystadenoma presenting with abdominal pain and ascites following spontaneous rupture. Complete excision of the tumor offers the best chance of cure and ...
Delmi M - - 1995
The tibialis posterior muscle and tendon are subject to a number of pathological conditions and injuries that have recently received much attention in the literature. Because of its function as a main stabilizer of the subtalar complex against hindfoot valgus and forefoot pronation, the mechanical demand on the posterior tibial ...
Hashash M - - 1995
This article reports a case of spontaneous extracranial pneumatocele and introduces a new simple terminology for this clinical entity. A 10-year-old Saudi girl presented with left tympanoparietomastoid swelling. It was found to be fluctuant and full of air. On exploration, bony septae were found arising from the skull aponeurosis, the ...
Gibson K T - - 1995
Three horses were presented for treatment of chronic infections of the digital flexor tendon sheath. Clinical signs included severe lameness, and heat, pain and swelling of the digital flexor tendon sheath. The horses were treated with surgical lavage of the tendon sheath, systemic and local antibiotics, and analgesics. In each ...
Habusta S F - - 1995
Two case reports describe simultaneous bilateral Achilles tendon rupture in healthy athletes. This injury has not been previously reported as an acute injury in healthy patients. Isolated bilateral ruptures have occurred in patients receiving long-term corticosteroid therapy. Achilles tendons that have been exposed to chronic wear from repeated stress generated ...
Chamiso B - - 1995
This study was carried out to determine the frequency of occurrence and outcome of treatment of uterine rupture in a rural hospital. Fifty seven patients with uterine rupture were admitted to Shashemene General Hospital (SGH) from September 1989 to August 1992. The age, parity, type of operation, outcome of treatment, ...
Sharma S - - 1995
We report a case of fatal aortic rupture following balloon dilation in a young female with aortoarteritis in whom restenosis of the aorta was observed 16 years after a patch aortoplasty operation. To the best of our knowledge, this complication has not been reported in aortoarteritis, although such instances have ...
van de Ven K - - 1995
A case of late presentation of a right-sided diaphragmatic rupture due to blunt chest trauma is presented. The patient suffered from strangulation of a herniated segment of small bowel into the chest. Chest radiography suggested diaphragmatic rupture, computed tomography and sonography established the correct preoperative diagnosis. The prevalence, mechanism of ...
Pai V S - - 1995
Pectoralis major rupture is an uncommon injury. Only 85 cases have been reported in the literature. Rupture may be partial or complete. The treatment of partial rupture is conservative, whereas in cases of total rupture surgical repair is advocated, particularly in young active patients. Complications are few. We describe a ...
Aström M - - 1995
The surgical findings and the histopathology are reported for 163 patients (134 males, 29 females; mean age, 38 years; range, 13-72 years; 75% athletes) with chronic Achilles tendinopathy. Biopsy specimens from symptomatic (155 cases) and nonsymptomatic (90 cases) parts of the tendon and from the paratenon (97 cases) were obtained. ...
Tai P T - - 1995
A patient with massive mixed haemangioma and lymphangioma of the mesentery first presented in childhood with ascites which subsided spontaneously and, subsequently, at 21 years of age, presented with gastrointestinal bleeding. At laparotomy, the lesion was found to involve 90% of the mesentery and was unresectable due to its bulk. ...
Sweeten K M - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: By presentation of cases of spontaneous (nontraumatic) ruptures of previously intact uteri, we sought to emphasize important aspects of this rare and dangerous event. STUDY DESIGN: Two case presentations of oxytocin-associated unscarred uterine rupture and review of pertinent literature are used to study risk factors and accompanying clinical characteristics. ...
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