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Results 351 - 400 of 695
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Kosowsky J M - - 2000
Intra-abdominal hemorrhage from ruptured varices is an unusual, life-threatening complication of portal hypertension. We present the case of a 58-year-old man with alcoholic cirrhosis who presented with increasing abdominal girth, hypovolemic shock, and profound anemia due to rupture of a retroperitoneal varix into the peritoneal cavity. The clinical presentation of ...
Lowry K J - - 2000
Complications with open reduction and internal fixation of distal radius fractures have led to the development of the AO/titanium Pi-plate. This was designed to be a low-profile plate to decrease its intrusion into surrounding soft tissues. Recent case reports are revealing an association of tendon ruptures with failures of this ...
Gaschignard N - - 2000
We report a case of spontaneous rupture of the left common iliac vein in a 58-year-old woman. Because of hemorrhagic shock, the intervention had to be performed under emergency circumstances, precluding repair of the external iliac vein, which was ligated. The postoperative course was uneventful. We also review the 17 ...
Ekele B A - - 2000
All cases of uterine rupture that were managed at the Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital Sokoto from January, 1995 to December, 1997 were reviewed and the findings compared with those of a previous study from the same institution, 10 years ago. Out of 3,106 deliveries within the study period there ...
Mellor S J - - 2000
We reviewed the results of 67 tendo Achillis repairs performed at one District General Hospital over a 5-year period, using details from a comprehensive database. At a mean follow-up of 2.5 years, the re-rupture rate was 3% (2 out of 67). The infection rate was 1.5% (1 out of 67). ...
Piardi T - - 2000
Rupture of the stomach is a rarely reported complication of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The number of cases reported in the literature since 1970 does not exceed 30. We present a recent case of a young woman submitted to cardiopulmonary resuscitation in whom a gastric rupture gave rise to massive pneumoperitoneum with ...
Song K S - - 2000
Despite the high incidence, the natural biologic behavior of the osteochondroma is not yet known. In particular, the spontaneous regression of the exostosis is very rare and as yet an undefined phenomenon. Since the first description by Hunter in 1835, only 11 cases have been reported. On reviewing the reports ...
Mulkern E M - - 2000
Spontaneous rupture of the inferior vena cava is a rare clinical entity. Diagnosis of this condition, in the absence of any relevant history, is usually made at laparotomy. Only one such case has previously been reported in the literature. We report a case of spontaneous rupture of the inferior vena ...
Patten A - - 2000
Spontaneous rupture of the tibialis anterior tendon is uncommon. This article presents a case report in which spontaneous rupture of the tibialis anterior tendon occurred secondary to a gouty tophaceous deposit within the tendon. This report adds to the list of pathological conditions that should be considered in closed spontaneous ...
Hirose H - - 2000
Cardiovascular malformations are frequently observed in Turner's syndrome. Bicuspid aortic valve and coarctation of the aorta are commonly associated with Turner's syndrome whereas aortic dissection is rare but its rupture results in death. We experienced a case of ruptured dissecting aneurysm (Stanford type A) in a 30-year-old female with Turner's ...
Srinivas S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Pneumothorax occurring in the absence of obvious lung disease is defined as spontaneous pneumothorax. Spontaneous pneumothorax occurs in a variety of settings in patients with malignancies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We present a case report of spontaneous pneumothorax in malignancy and review the literature. RESULTS: No correlation was found between ...
Ertu─črul A - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: Although there are numerous case reports of spontaneous rupture of the collecting system, especially including the calyceal fornix or the renal pelvis, spontaneous rupture of the ureter is a rare condition. METHODS: Herein, we present a case of a patient who suffered symptoms of acute abdomen due to rupture ...
Takabe K - - 2000
A 49-year-old carpenter was hit by timber around his upper abdomen 1 hour after breakfast. Immediate computed tomography was taken, followed by emergency laparotomy showing gastric rupture accompanied with hemorrhage from the superior mesenteric vein. Hemostasis and distal partial gastrectomy followed by Billroth-I anastomosis reconstruction was performed. Here, we report ...
Sule A Z - - 2000
We report a case of traumatic rupture of uterine fibroid with a haemo-peritoneum in a non-gravid uterus of a 40 year old Nigerian woman whose life was saved by surgical intervention. Treatment consisted of subtotal hysterectomy. A high index of suspicion is required in order to enable prompt surgical intervention.
Böhle A S - - 2000
The case of a 21-year-old male with neglected and protracted spontaneous pneumothorax is reported. Video-assisted thoracoscopy after 130 days showed the lung to be trapped solely by a thick pleurovisceral membrane, which required open surgical decortication. Chronic pneumothorax is a rare complication of spontaneous pneumothorax. This is the second report ...
Sun J C - - 2000
The spontaneous resolution of syringomyelia has been reported infrequently. In patients with Chiari I malformations, resolution of the syringomyelia has sometimes been associated with improvement of their malformation. The authors present a case of spontaneous resolution followed by recurrence of syringomyelia and a corresponding change in the Chiari malformation. This ...
Hoover L R - - 2000
Thoracic surgeons are involved in the diagnosis and management of patients with mediastinal emphysema because of the potentially life-threatening conditions that either must be treated emergently or excluded. Although the classic findings of pneumomediastinum have been described for nearly 60 years, an underappreciated finding is the presence of rhinolalia. Case ...
Golli M - - 2000
Spontaneous portosystemic venous shunts (SPVSs) within the hepatic parenchyma are rare. Fewer than 50 cases have been reported, and most of them were diagnosed by angiography. We present a case of SPVS diagnosed by color Doppler sonography in a 5-year-old boy admitted for bleeding due to rupture of esophageal varices. ...
Bak K - - 2000
Of about 150 cases reported in the literature on pectoralis major ruptures, 108 were selected as presenting enough data to be analyzed for cause, rupture site, injury mechanism, and treatment outcome. We added data on four of our own cases reported here. All patients yet reported have been men. Rupture ...
Ahove O I - - 2000
Heterotopic pregnancy was a medical rarity, prior to the use of ovulation inducing drugs and advent of assisted reproduction technology. Three cases were encountered in the course of clinical practice in a teaching hospital, over a period of six and a half years. Two of them occurred in association with ...
Muzi M G - - 2000
Primary angiosarcoma of the spleen is very rare and only 143 cases have previously been reported. The pathogenesis is unknown. The clinical aspects are variable, but loss of weight, anaemia, splenomegaly and liver metastases are frequently present. The age range is generally 18 to 93 years; only four of the ...
Evagelopoulos N - - 1999
Iatrogenic injuries of the trachea are rare. We report a case of tracheobronchial rupture in a 77-year-old woman after emergency intubation. Early bronchoscopy showed a rupture of the posterior wall of the trachea into the right main bronchus with a total length of 9.5 cm. A right thoracotomy was performed ...
Sano H - - 1999
We determined on histologic examination the degree of degeneration at the insertion of 3 rotator cuff tendons in 76 cadaveric shoulders, 17 of which had a partial tear of the supraspinatus. Fiber thinning, the presence of granulation tissue, and incomplete tearing of fibers, all evidence of degeneration, were quantified separately ...
van Veldhuisen D J - - 1999
We report the case of a previously healthy 20-year-old man who had a traumatic rupture of the right atrium. On admission an electrocardiogram (ECG) was recorded which is highly remarkable and, retrospectively, suggestive for the diagnosis. The patient died soon after the ECG, and the diagnosis was made at autopsy.
Patterson M J - - 1999
Rupture of the peroneus longus tendon with an associated fracture of the os peroneum is an uncommon injury, which may present as chronic lateral ankle instability. There have been only seven cases documented in the literature since 1966. A case of chronic peroneus longus tendon rupture with os peroneum fracture ...
Safran M R - - 1999
Traumatic peroneal tendon subluxation is an uncommon cause of ankle pain. As a result, the diagnosis is often delayed. A new technique of examining the patient in the prone position, allowing for easier visualization of the subluxation or dislocation, is described. Three illustrative cases, including a rare case of midsubstance ...
Bruce W D - - 1999
We report three patients with lateral ankle and foot pain, with the diagnosis of stenosing tenosynovitis of the peroneus longus tendon associated with a markedly enlarged peroneal tubercle. Stenosing tenosynovitis of the peroneus longus tendon associated with an atraumatically enlarged peroneal tubercle has rarely been reported, and these reported cases ...
Thomas D W - - 1999
We report an unusual case of post-traumatic delayed rupture of the spleen occurring in a 38-year-old man with haemophilia A. The time interval between injury and splenic rupture was at least 2 weeks. Although a rare event, the possibility of splenic rupture should always be considered in the differential diagnosis ...
Baert D D Department of Gastroenterology, AZ Maria Middelares, - - 1999
We present a case of an atraumatic, occult rupture of the spleen. It is only in a distinct minority of cases, that the splenic capsule remains intact, thereby preventing intraperitoneal bleeding. Nevertheless, this condition can be accompanied by a severe loss of blood. A nonoperative management can be considered. Reviewing ...
Salanitri G C - - 1999
A case of fatal spontaneous gas gangrene due to Clostridium septicum septicaemia associated with an occult rectal malignancy is presented. This condition has a rapid progression and a high mortality even with prompt treatment. It is important that the radiologist considers this diagnosis in an appropriate clinical setting to allow ...
Sandin J A JA - - 1999
The authors report on the case of a 46-year-old man who presented with an intraparenchymal hemorrhage after the rupture of a nontraumatic aneurysm arising from the middle meningeal artery (MMA). A review of the literature revealed no published cases of intraparenchymal hemorrhage resulting from the rupture of an MMA aneurysm.
Lemke T - - 1999
The objective of this study was to determine the diagnostic features of spontaneous esophageal rupture and compare them with those traditionally applied in making this diagnosis. A retrospective 15-year chart review was performed on all cases listing esophageal rupture as a diagnosis. Only those cases diagnosed by contrast studies or ...
Aköz T - - 1999
Tendon graft harvesting is a challenging part of hand surgery. It is not only a time-consuming procedure but also carries the potential complications associated with it. Various alternatives for this procedure are presented in the literature to overcome these difficulties. In this paper, we are presenting a series of cases ...
Revilla Y - - 1999
Much has been written about the natural history of osteochondromas, but there are only a few reports in the literature reflecting the spontaneous disappearance of this lesion. For that reason, we report an additional case which makes the total number of reported cases eleven, and also includes a review of ...
Yoshizawa J - - 1999
Splenic hamartomas are rare. The authors report a case of spontaneously ruptured splenic hamartoma in a 5-month-old boy. This rupture led to the death of the child. If abdominal pain is present and a mass is palpated, the splenic hamartoma should be managed surgically in an expeditious manner. There have ...
Zettl R - - 1999
We report the case of an 82-yr-old woman with a large complete longitudinal tracheal rupture, following endotracheal intubation. The patient was treated nonoperatively with excellent outcome. The diagnostic and therapeutic course as well as other therapeutic options are discussed.
Wong Y K - - 1999
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) accounts for approximately 10% of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhages (ICH), and typically occurs in the cortex and subcortical white matter. It is characterized by the deposition of amyloid fibrils in the leptomeningeal, cortical and subcortical arteries. Pathologically, amyloid is stained pink with Congo red and shows yellow-green ...
deRoux S J - - 1999
Placenta accreta percreta is an unusual cause of hemoperitoneum. Less than 50 such cases have been reported in the English-language literature over the past 100 years. A 22-year-old pregnant multigravida woman who had spontaneous uterine rupture with exsanguination caused by this entity is described. She had abdominal pain and cardiovascular ...
Goriganti M R - - 1999
Rupture of the pectoralis major muscle is rare. The majority of cases have been reported in young, healthy athletes during strenuous activities such as weight-lifting, wind surfing, and football. The injury is thought to result from either a forceful contraction of the muscle applied to an immovable object or a ...
Ushmann H - - 1999
This is the case report of a 15-year-old black male with spastic quadriplegia cerebral palsy who developed heterotopic ossification and spontaneous ankylosis of his contralateral nonoperative hip after unilateral adductor tenotomy. To the authors' knowledge, this is the only reported case of such an occurrence. The mechanism and possible risk ...
Kamiyoshihara M - - 1998
Boerhaave's syndrome (spontaneous esophageal perforation) is an uncommon clinical entity that frequently presents with an antecedent history of marked vomiting followed by chest or abdominal pain. We report a case of spontaneous rupture of the esophagus in 53-year-old male who was referred to our hospital with a chest discomfort. A ...
Milei J - - 1998
BACKGROUND: A complete immunohistochemical characterization in complicated carotid plaques is still lacking. The cellular components of 165 carotid endarterectomy specimens were analyzed to assess their role in the pathogenesis of plaque rupture and intraplaque hemorrhage without rupture. METHODS AND RESULTS: The fibrous caps at the sites of plaque rupture showed ...
Stefani A - - 1998
An unusual case of traumatic pericardiophrenic rupture is presented. The defect was limited to the central tendon of the diaphragm, with herniation of the stomach into the pericardial sac. A correct preoperative diagnosis was not made because laparotomy was quickly performed for splenic rupture. Successful operative repair of the tear ...
Jaovisidha A - - 1998
Vasa previa is presented when fetal vessels cross the internal os as a velamentous insertion of the umbilical cord. This retrospective study is to review the diagnosis, the management, and the outcome of this condition over the 10 years period in Ramathibodi Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand. Five cases were diagnosed after ...
Maleck W H - - 1998
Since 1982, more than 20 patients with return of spontaneous circulation after cessation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (Lazarus phenomenon) have been published. We report on another case here. Such cases are probably underreported due to medicolegal concerns. After cessation of resuscitation, each patient should be further monitored for at least 10 ...
Hill D A - - 1998
We present the case of a 54-year-old female with life-threatening septicaemia due to Mobiluncus curtisii subsp. curtisii. Her admission was complicated by septic shock, renal failure, disseminated intravascular coagulation, the adult respiratory distress syndrome and spontaneous splenic rupture. The patient survived with full intensive care support and intravenous ceftriaxone. Extra-genital ...
Kernan J C - - 1998
We present the case of a child with a symptomatic diencephalic astrocytoma which involuted after needle biopsy without any adjuvant therapy. A tendency for certain childhood astrocytomas to regress after partial resection has been previously suggested. However, some authors have doubted whether or not such regression actually occurs. Our case ...
Miller R R - - 1998
Closed subcutaneous rupture of the anterior tibial tendon is a relatively uncommon injury that requires a thorough clinical examination to diagnose correctly. The authors report a case of this disorder and provide a review of the relevant literature. A method of surgical repair not previously described in the literature is ...
Chin K W - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Retropharyngeal hematoma is a rare entity which may progress rapidly to airway obstruction. Previously documented causes have included coagulopathic states, trauma, infection, parathyroid adenoma rupture, and foreign-object ingestion. Four cases of spontaneous retropharyngeal hematomas without any known predisposing risk factors have been previously reported. Two of these cases had ...
Wei S Y - - 1998
A complete atraumatic rupture of the flexor hallucis longus tendon in a patient without systemic disease is a rare occurrence. Although four cases of complete traumatic ruptures have been cited in the literature, only one case of a complete atraumatic rupture has been previously reported. Presented here is a second ...
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