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Por Y C - - 2003
Extraarticular pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is very rare in the distal forearm. There has only been one previous case report of this disease in the extensor tendons of a child. We report a case of PVNS of the distal forearm that presented as two nodules over the radial aspect and ...
Greenberg Richard A - - 2003
Cases of pediatric nonenvironmental hypothermia are uncommon. When presenting to the emergency department, these patients are often evaluated for possible sepsis/shock, brain tumors, endocrine disorders, and drug ingestions. We report a case of a 5-year-old girl who presented to the pediatric emergency department on two occasions with hypothermia and lethargy. ...
Maroun Falah - - 2003
Intracranial hemorrhage because of rupture of a cerebral aneurysm is extremely rare in the neonatal period. Delayed diagnosis contributes to high mortality and morbidity. The authors report an extremely rare case of a middle cerebral artery aneurysm diagnosed and treated shortly after birth. Extensive review of the literature is presented. ...
Cebrian Paloma P Departamento de Radiodiagnóstico, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain. - - 2003
Rupture of Achilles tendon (AT) is an uncommon complication of treatment with fluoroquinolones. We describe a case of bilateral tendinosis and rupture of the right AT in a patient who began levofloxacin treatment for community acquired pneumonia. Sonography showed thickening and hypoecogenicity of both AT and complete rupture and separation ...
Ghobrial Michel W - - 2002
We report the case of a 40-year-old African-American female who presented to the Emergency Department with unstable angina. The patient, who had multiple risk factors for coronary artery disease, was admitted to the coronary care unit for cardiac work-up and management. Shortly after the intravenous administration of unfractionated heparin, she ...
Berrocal José Ramón García - - 2002
Sudden deafness constitutes a diagnostic challenge. Classically, 2 causes, viral and vascular, are considered in the origin of idiopathic sudden hearing loss. More recently added to the list of possibilities are rupture of the membranous labyrinth and immune-mediated sensorineural hearing loss. The latter can be either primary and localized to ...
Loncarich David - - 2002
Suppurative tenosynovitis of the flexor tendons has been reported frequently, and its diagnosis and treatment are well established.(1-6) However, suppurative tenosynovitis of the extensor tendons is a rare entity that has been infrequently reported in the English literature. Reported cases were usually nonlocalizedand atraumatic and occurred in immunocompromised patients. In ...
Leung L Y J - - 2002
Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is rare in children. Its presentation is usually related to hormonal activity of the tumour. We report a case of childhood ACC that presented as an acute abdomen due to tumour rupture. This is the first reported case of a ruptured ACC as a cause of paediatric ...
Arakawa Masahiro - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Gastric varices, the rupture of which can be a fatal complication of portal hypertension, have not been well documented histopathologically. While cardiac varices develop in continuity with esophageal varices, fundic varices develop independently, having characteristic pathophysiology. Elucidation of the angioarchitecture of fundic varices will facilitate future improvement ...
Rohatgi A - - 2002
Gastroepiploic aneurysms are extremely rare. They occur mainly in elderly men and in 90% of cases are ruptured at presentation. Visceral aneurysms though rare should be borne in mind in cases of unexplained haemorrhagic shock. We present a case of a 79-year-old man who presented with abdominal pain, hypotension and ...
Kiyono Yoshifumi - - 2002
Two unusual cases of symptomatic partial rupture of the extensor carpi ulnaris tendon associated with ulnar-styloid nonunion are described. Intraoperative findings suggested that the jagged surface of the distal ulna was the cause of flaying. In one case, debridement of the frayed extensor carpi ulnaris tendon and fixation of the ...
Sanhudo José Ant─Ánio Veiga JA Mãe de Deus Hospital, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. - - 2002
The author presents a case of stenosing tenosynovitis of the flexor hallucis longus tendon at the sesamoid area of the great toe following injury of the hallux. Although stenosing tenosynovitis of the flexor hallucis longus tendon is not rare, occurring frequently in ballet dancers, its entrapment at the sesamoid area ...
Beatty J A - - 2002
Spontaneous hepatic rupture, secondary to the accumulation of hepatic amyloid, was diagnosed in six cats over a two-year period. Previous reports of feline hepatic amyloidosis have documented clusters of cases from breeding catteries. Most affected cats have been Siamese or a related breed and the disease is generally regarded as ...
Kacmarynski Deborah S F - - 2002
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Spontaneous rupture of the trachea or subglottis as a complication of difficult delivery has not been reported in the United States literature. There have been a few cases reported in the European literature. The present report describes a series of newborns with this complication and discusses the signs and ...
Dandecha Phongsak - - 2002
A 43-year-old man experienced repeated spontaneous quadriceps tendon rupture after he had been on regular hemodialysis for 10 years. He had undergone a long period of secondary hyperparathyroidism as demonstrated by high serum parathyroid hormone and alkaline phosphatase level. He was successfully treated both times using the conservative method. The ...
Clark Russell J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Although rotator cuff tears are well documented in the literature, there have been relatively few reported cases of isolated subscapularis tears. To our knowledge, no case has been reported that describes an isolated subscapularis tear in a woman without anterior shoulder dislocation or bony avulsion. METHODS: This report outlines ...
Lunetta P - - 2002
Traumatic bladder ruptures are generally secondary to severe trauma and associated with pelvic fractures. Conversely, isolated bladder ruptures following minor blunt trauma are rare and seldom fatal. We describe six fatal cases (five males, one female, 39-82 years old) of isolated bladder rupture subsequent to minor blunt trauma. Three cases ...
Hui C M - - 2002
Traumatic rupture of the spleen in the newborn is a rare event and is seldom reported in the literature. It can occur to an abnormally enlarged spleen or to a normal spleen. In the latter, it usually is associated with difficult delivery. Previously, the majority of patients died probably because ...
Pedley D - - 2002
Spontaneous rupture of the iliac vein is a rare cause of exsanguinating haemorrhage. A case is described of a 66 year old woman who required immediate resuscitation in Accident and Emergency following a 24 hour history of left leg and lower quadrant abdominal pain. Emergency laparotomy revealed a 2 cm ...
Vallina V L - - 2002
Diaphragm rupture is an infrequently encountered but well-documented injury in the multiply injured patient. Only a few cases in which minimally invasive techniques were used for repair have been reported thus far. Herein we describe the repair of a diaphragm rupture in a 36-year-old man who was injured in a ...
Marquardt G - - 2002
Spontaneous haematomas of the iliac psoas muscle are rare lesions seen in patients receiving anticoagulant agents or suffering from clotting disorders. We report the rare case of a spontaneous iliac psoas haematoma causing femoral neuropathy in a patient not undergoing anticoagulant treatment or suffering from a coagulopathy. After conservative treatment ...
Minoyama O - - 2002
A longitudinal tear of the peroneal tendon is thought to be the result of repetitive peroneal subluxation. However, this report documents two cases of longitudinal split of the peroneus brevis tendon that had no peroneal tendon subluxation. Primary suture was performed. Subluxation of the peroneal tendons was not identified surgically ...
Prosser G H - - 2002
Closed ruptures of flexor tendons in the hands of patients without rheumatoid arthritis are rare. We report a case of closed rupture of the flexor digitorum profundus of the middle finger in zone II, secondary to acute florid synovitis forming a tumour-like mass. No similar case has been reported to ...
Balasubramanian Sabapathy Prakash - - 2002
A 50-year-old man presented with features of peritonitis of 2 days duration. The signs were more marked in the left upper abdomen. Investigations followed by a laparotomy showed a ruptured splenic abscess, the cause of which was not apparent. We herein present the case report of this unusual cause of ...
Lee S K - - 2002
Spontaneous regression of cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is rare and poorly understood. We reviewed the clinical and angiographic findings in patients who had spontaneous regression of cerebral AVMs to determine whether common features were present. The clinical and angiographic findings of four cases from our series and 29 cases from ...
Masada Kazuhiro - - 2002
We report a case of rupture of the flexor tendons to the index finger after arthrodesis of the basal joint of the thumb. The tendons ruptured as a result of the Kirschner wires having penetrated in the carpal tunnel. This unusual complication was treated by tendon graft of the palmaris ...
Lee S I - - 2001
An isolated rupture of the posterior capsule that is caused by a blunt ocular trauma has been rarely reported and is usually detected incidentally during surgery for a complicated cataract. We found an isolated posterior capsule rupture on the third day after trauma in a 25-year-old man who was admitted ...
Smith G J - - 2001
A case of secondary hydatosis, initially misdiagnosed as pulmonary metastases, is presented. The dissemination of hydatid cysts within the lungs in this case was the consequence of direct rupture of a hepatic hydatid into the inferior vena cava. A brief overview of the pathophysiology of hydatid disease, including a discussion ...
Chung M G - - 2001
Boerhaave's syndrome is a rare but life-threatening condition which presents a diagnostic as well as therapeutic challenge. Early diagnosis and prompt surgical repair are critical for survival; however late recognition of esophageal rupture is not unusual. A variety of nonsurgical approaches have been proposed, particularly in the case of delayed ...
Netscher D T - - 2001
A case of a closed rupture of a single slip of flexor digitorum superficialis to the little finger is described. Closed rupture injuries of the flexor digitorum profundus tendon are quite common, but closed injuries to the superficialis tendon have been rarely reported. A single slip avulsion rupture of this ...
Philipp T - - 2001
We report the diagnosis of amnion rupture sequence made by sonography and fetoscopy during the first trimester of gestation in a case of missed abortion. The investigation revealed a demised fetus with the characteristics of 9 weeks of development. The early fetus had an amnion adhesion at the tip of ...
Haritopoulos K N - - 2001
Mucocoele of the appendix denotes an obstructive dilatation of the appendiceal lumen due to abnormal accumulation of mucus, which may be related to a variety of pathological conditions. This may be the outcome of various processes. Most important for the surgeon, however, are the mucocoeles that are caused by mucinous ...
Sheldon P J - - 2001
Spontaneous dissection of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) is a rare occurrence, especially when not associated with aortic dissection [1]. Currently, only 28 cases appear to have been reported. Due to the scarcity of cases in the literature, the natural history of isolated, spontaneous SMA dissection is unclear. CT has ...
Ahmed S M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to document the experience of uterine rupture as a serious common complication of pregnancy in some developing countries like Sudan. The study is also aimed at reviewing the main contributing factors so as to draw broad lines for a strategy of prevention. METHODS: A retrospective study ...
Cox A R - - 2001
AIMS: We studied the international classification of disease (ICD) hospital discharge codes to find unreported adverse drug reactions (ADRs), and asked doctors about their attitudes to reporting some of these cases. METHODS: We examined the ICD codes assigned on discharge to identify ADRs and compared these with spontaneous reports made ...
Woodcock S A - - 2001
Endotracheal intubation is common practice being performed both electively and as an emergency. Complications of this procedure are uncommon. A case is described of hypopharyngeal rupture after emergency intubation that presented with a pneumoperitoneum. The clinical signs, relevant investigations and management options are discussed for this injury and the need ...
López-Peláez M F - - 2001
Spontaneous rupture of the pulmonary alveoli after a sudden increase in intra-alveolar pressure is a common cause of pneumomediastinum, which is usually seen in healthy young men. Other common causes are traumatic and iatrogenic rupture of the airway and esophagus; however, pneumomediastinum following cervicofacial emphysema is much rarer and is ...
Chen D B - - 2001
Flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) tendon avulsion from the distal phalanx is a well recognised injury, which usually follows a hyperextension force to a flexed distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint. It is commonly seen in contact sport athletes, with a predilection for the ring finger.(2,4) Avulsion of the FDP tendon from pathological ...
Al-Hussaini T K - - 2001
Rupture of unscarred uterus during the second trimester is rare. There have been only 32 cases reported in the literature since 1968. A case of ruptured uterus in a grand multiparous woman is presented. To our knowledge, this might be the first reported case in the English literature of uterine ...
Tung G A - - 2001
PURPOSE: The purpose of this work was to investigate signs of subscapularis tendon tear on MRI. METHOD: Preoperative written interpretations of high field (n = 9) and low field (n = 7) MRI of 16 patients with tears confirmed at surgery or arthroscopy were reviewed, followed by retrospective review of ...
Wong S N - - 2001
Hydroa vacciniforme (HV) is a rare blistering photodermatosis that heals with vacciniform scarring, with onset usually in childhood and spontaneous resolution by early adulthood. We report two cases of HV seen at the National Skin Centre, Singapore, both with a late onset at 20 years of age, during compulsory military ...
Tifford C D - - 2001
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is frequently injured during both recreational and competitive activity. It is common to see patients who have ruptured both ACLs at different times. Intercondylar notch width, notch morphology, gender, and family history have all been implicated as factors that may predispose an individual to contralateral ...
Yamamoto K - - 2001
We experienced a case of incomplete traumatic rupture of the bronchus which was operated on two months after a traffic accident. Traumatic rupture of the bronchus is rare after blunt chest injury but it can have serious consequences. Early surgical repair is recommended without repeated attempts to remove granulation tissue ...
Kelly B M - - 2001
This is a single case report of bilateral, simultaneous, spontaneous rupture of the quadriceps tendon caused by obesity without trauma. The patient was a 52-year-old, 350-pound, morbidly obese man with a sedentary life style whose quadriceps tendons ruptured while he was descending a staircase. He presented with a large deficit ...
Strickland A H - - 2001
Pathologic splenic rupture in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) is a rare event, with 32 cases previously reported. Initial presentation of NHL with this complication is even rarer. We report such a case in an 80-year-old man with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). It is notable that of the previously reported cases of ...
Takenaka A - - 2001
A case is presented of spontaneous rupture of an ileal orthotopic neobladder due to a large residual urine volume. The present case is the 13th such case reported; however, this case is the first to show lower abdominal phlegmon and in which the perforation site was detected using computed tomography ...
Koul A K - - 2001
Spontaneous coronary dissection is a rare event occurring particularly in women during the peripartum and postpartum period. Two cases related to the early postpartum period with a successful outcome are described, together with a comprehensive review of all the previously published cases. Diagnostic and therapeutic considerations of this unique clinical ...
Maxeiner H - - 2001
Report of two cases of lethal infantile subdural bleedings (SDB). Bridging vein (BV) ruptures were directly proven as the source of the (minimal) SDB by a postmortem X-ray. In the controversial discussion concerning the causes of infantile SDB, proof of the occurrence of several BV ruptures is seen as an ...
Shimokawa S - - 2001
A case of a ruptured thymoma causing mediastinal hemorrhage and hemothorax that was electively resected by a partial sternotomy approach is presented. This case and others previously reported illustrate that a sudden onset of dyspnea and chest pain accompanied by acute mediastinal widening on chest roentgenogram in a previously healthy ...
Alliot C - - 2001
The case of a 43-y-old healthy woman presenting with spontaneous splenic rupture is reported. The outcome was favourable after splenectomy. Although the diagnosis of CMV infection was established by serology, PCR and immunostaining, no viral inclusions were observed on spleen sections. The pathophysiology of the lesions was unclear given the ...
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