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Murray James R D - - 2004
Spontaneous rupture of the popliteus tendon has not previously been reported. We report the case of a 74-year-old patient, discuss its diagnosis and management, and review the current literature on isolated popliteus lesions. A multi-database electronic literature review suggests that the injury is invariably traumatic and has essentially been reported ...
Palmer Suetonia - - 2004
Non-traumatic rupture of large tendons is identified as a contributor to morbidity in patients who receive haemodialysis. The injury is likely to become more common as the duration of survival on dialysis extends. A number of predisposing factors leading to tendon injury have been identified in the literature, including secondary ...
Froment P - - 2004
Spontaneous dissection of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) is rare and has been reported only sporadically. Therapeutic options are either a surgical approach, which is the more frequently adopted, or a simple observation. We report a case of spontaneous dissection of the SMA with a review of the literature and ...
Calzolari Ferdinando - - 2004
We describe the MRI appearances of an anencephalic newborn who survived for 13 h; particularities of this case are male gender and the absence of other associated malformations. Moreover, we discuss the pathogenetic theories of anencephaly, correlating MRI findings with embryological data. An exencephaly-anencephaly sequence due to amnion rupture is ...
Langwieler Thomas E - - 2004
Pneumomediastinum is the presence of air in the mediastinum. Spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) is an infrequent, benign, and self-limiting condition that predominantly affects young males and pregnant females. It is important to distinguish pneumomediastinum symptoms from similar clinical findings that require immediate treatment, such as cardiac tamponade, angina pectoris, dissecting aortic ...
Hlibczuk Veronica - - 2004
A case of placenta percreta causing spontaneous uterine rupture is presented. This is a rare condition, which may present in the antepartum period as abdominal pain, with or without signs of hemorrhagic shock. This entity can lead to significant morbidity and mortality if not aggressively managed. A discussion follows on ...
Pooyan Payam - - 2004
Pneumomediastinum (PM) is an uncommon condition characterized by the presence of air in the mediastinum. It is associated with alveolar rupture that allows air to traverse along the bronchovascular bundle into the mediastinum. A review of the world medical literature identified 50 additional cases of PM and pneumopericardium (PC) associated ...
Fan Chieh-Min - - 2004
Tracheal rupture is rare in clinical practice. We present 2 female patients with tracheal rupture after emergent endotracheal intubation from different injury mechanisms; penetrating injury of using stylet during intubation in one case and overinflation of cuff of the endotracheal tube under rapid sequence intubation in another. The lesions of ...
Bernasconi A - - 2004
Congenital left ventricular diverticulum is a rare malformation. We report a case of a ruptured congenital left ventricular diverticulum in a 24-week-old fetus. The fetus was referred for a large and circumferential pericardial effusion confirmed by cross-sectional echocardiography in our tertiary fetal cardiology unit. Pericardiocentesis removed 25 mL of old ...
Uzoigwe S A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous mid trimester rupture of the uterus is uncommon. AIM: To report a case of spontaneous mid trimester uterine rupture in a patient with a previous caesarean section scar. METHOD: A review of the case record of a patient managed for spontaneous mid-trimester uterine rupture and the relevant literature. ...
Kuchtey Rachel - - 2004
PURPOSE: To enable ophthalmologists to recognize and manage buccal fat pad hemorrhage occurring after retrobulbar injection. DESIGN: Interventional case report. METHODS: A 52-year-old woman with proliferative diabetic retinopathy underwent left retrobulbar injection before panretinal photocoagulation (PRP). RESULTS: Immediately after PRP, the patient complained of left cheek swelling. Ocular examination was ...
Richards S D - - 2004
In this paper two cases are reported in which spontaneous entry of air into the head appears to have occurred through a hypercellular mastoid air cell system. In both these cases forceful sneezing and nose blowing were considered contributory factors. They underwent surgical repair of the bony defects which, combined ...
Jalil S - - 2004
Spontaneous rupture of the liver during pregnancy associated with preeclampsia is an uncommon and frequently fatal complication. A case of a 61-year-old non-pregnant female is described here who took estrogen replacement for 16 years and presented with spontaneous rupture of the right lobe of the liver with hemoperitoneum. The underlying ...
Kouerinis I A - - 2004
Most thoracic surgeons overlook the fact that spontaneous pneumothorax is one of the pulmonary complications of connective tissue disorders such as Marfan or Ehlers-Danlos syndromes, and they consider it as primary. In the following report we describe a unique case of spontaneous rupture of the sigmoid secondary to a spontaneous ...
Aärimaa Ville - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Total or near-total rupture of the pectoralis major muscle is a rare injury. Fewer than 200 cases have been reported in literature, many of them in single case reports. There is discrepancy regarding whether this kind of injury should be treated operatively. HYPOTHESIS: Early surgical treatment is necessary to ...
Peera Mohamed Ali - - 2004
Although rare, spontaneous splenic rupture has been reported in cases of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). In contrast, there are no published reports of splenic injury resulting from minor trauma in CLL patients. We report the case of an 81-year-old woman with a history of CLL, who presented with minor trauma ...
Johnson Derek B - - 2004
Spontaneous pneumothorax is the most common cause of pneumothorax. We report a case of a 29-year-old healthy woman who presented to the emergency department with a spontaneous pneumothorax caused by a yoga breathing technique called Kapalabhati pranayama, or breath of fire. Yoga breathing exercises are commonly practiced, and a limited ...
Ogüt T - - 2004
We aimed to navigate the surgeon regarding the localization of the main anatomical structures at the anterior part of the ankle joint, in order to find easily the safest anatomical points with reference to the superficial peroneal nerve (SPN), in particular for anterolateral portal placement in ankle arthroscopy. Sixty-three ankles ...
Hukki Jyri - - 2004
The purpose of this article is to report the case of a 10-year-old girl born with anophthalmia, bilateral oblique facial clefts, and missing scalp and bones over the temporal and parietal areas of the cranial vault bilaterally. Early amnion rupture seems to be the most probable cause of this rare ...
Chute Dennis J - - 2004
Intrathoracic extramedullary hematopoiesis (TEMH) is an unusual but well-described entity, which is typically found in patients who have chronic hemolytic anemias, myelofibrosis, or myeloproliferative disorders. It is seldom symptomatic, rarely fatal. We report a case of a 26-year-old African-American male with a past medical history of sickle cell trait/beta thalassemia ...
Hora Milan - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Typical signs of papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC) are extensive necroses of the tumorous mass, which can modify the clinical appearance of PRCC. These necroses can imitate cysts on radiological examinations (ultrasonography and CT). The tumours are fragile and vulnerable to spontaneous rupture or rupture following minimal trauma (i.e. ...
Ballardini Pierluigi - - 2004
Hamartoma of the spleen, first described by Rokitansky in 1861 under the name of "splenoma", is a rare benign lesion that is nearly always asymptomatic. Apart from the congenital forms there are also acquired forms of splenoma that are frequently associated with hematological diseases or solid tumors. We describe the ...
Sai Shigaku - - 2004
We report the case of a 23-year-old man who presented 4 years after a triceps tendon rupture. A cord-like tissue, palpable and visible at full elbow flexion, was found to sublux to the lateral aspect of the elbow. Repair of the tendon has been achieved utilizing an artificial polyester mesh ...
Sarzo G - - 2004
Prolonged venous access devices (PVADs) have become indispensable in antiblastic protocols for the treatment of cancer patients, in anti-infection protocols for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients and in the management of chronic malabsorption syndromes. Using these catheters carries the risk of several complications, and some are potentially lethal, for example, ...
Grande Antonino M - - 2003
Isolated valvular lesions consequent to non-penetrating trauma are rare. We present a case of a traumatic tricuspid valve rupture in a 51-year-old woman seriously involved in a motor vehicle accident 20 years earlier. She underwent tricuspid valve replacement performed via a minimally invasive thoracotomy in the right fourth intercostal space. ...
La Samuel - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: With the use of surgical findings as the reference standard, the purpose of this study was to describe the sonographic findings of partial-thickness and complete tears of the quadriceps tendon and to determine whether sonography can potentially aid diagnosis. METHODS: Three hundred eighty-nine consecutive sonographic reports (January 1996 to ...
Kaczmarek Ronald G - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary artery (PA) rupture is a rare but often fatal complication of PA catheterization. METHODS: An analysis was performed of all the case reports of PA rupture after PA catheterization that were submitted to the Food and Drug Administration's Medical Device Reporting (MDR) system between the years 1991 and ...
Broadbent L Paul - - 2003
Vessel rupture is a rare complication of angioplasty and stent placement of the supraaortic arteries occurring in two (1.1%) of 180 vessels treated at our institution. Many different approaches to the management of this complication have been proposed. In this report, we present our experience with conservative management in two ...
Halkic Nermin - - 2003
Spontaneous subcapsular splenic hematoma formation without rupture in infectious mononucleosis is a very unusual occurrence. Splenic rupture in infectious mononucleosis (Pfeiffer disease, or glandular fever) is a rare but life-threatening complication. A conservative management is successful in those patients in stable condition. We describe the presentation and the clinical progress ...
Sawaizumi Takuya - - 2003
We report a rare case in which the extensor pollicis longus (EPL) tendon was separated into 2 slips at the site of origin, ran an abnormal course across the wrist, and combined in the vicinity of the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint; the tendon on the radial side passed through another tendon ...
Morris Arden M - - 2003
We report a patient who presented with rectal rupture and transanal evisceration, a rare entity with only 52 cases previously described in the world literature. Our case is the first to implicate sheer stress on the anterior rectum caused by postoperative adhesions as the major etiologic contributing feature. Moreover, this ...
Mason K D - - 2003
Spontaneous splenic rupture is rare, and particularly so as the initial presentation of a lymphoproliferative disorder. Although rare cases of splenic rupture have been reported in mantle cell lymphoma there has not been a report of the blastoid variant presenting in this manner. We report such a case in a ...
Sternfeld David - - 2003
Endotracheal intubation is a common emergency department procedure with rare but potentially life-threatening complications. A systematic review of the literature demonstrated that all patients with traumatic tracheal rupture after endotracheal intubation could be adequately ventilated despite tracheal perforation. We report an unusual case of tracheal perforation in which the patient ...
Rawlins R - - 2003
Needle aspiration is a recognised emergency treatment of spontaneous pneumothorax and in the case of suspected tension is usually performed before chest radiography. Three cases are described of apparent life threatening haemorrhage after anterior aspiration in the second intercostal space, mid-clavicular line (2ICS MCL) requiring resuscitation, and transfer to a ...
Kanetaka, Kengo
Spontaneous pneumomediastinum, defined as the presence of free air in the mediastinal structures, is a rare disease that usually take a good course with conservative therapy. However, clinicians are usually unfamiliar with the disease because of its infrequency. We report herein a case of spontaneous pneumomediastinum following an episode of ...
Jarde Olivier - - 2003
The authors studied 38 cases of degenerative lesions of the plantar fascia which were treated surgically between 1989 and 1999. MRI showed chronic fasciitis in eight cases and an old rupture of the plantar fascia in 30 cases. Surgical treatment, which was performed in all cases after failure of conservative ...
Park Hong Gi - - 2003
Chronic multifocal closed rupture of the extensor hallucis longus tendon is an extremely rare injury. Previously, chronic multifocal partial rupture of the extensor hallucis longus tendon had not been reported. This case study reports one case of autogenous graft repair of a chronic multifocal rupture of the extensor hallucis longus ...
Jansen Igor - - 2003
We report a case of a symptomatic lunotriquetral ligament rupture in a 10-year-old girl. Diagnosis was confirmed by arthrography and successful surgical treatment was performed with a ligamentoplasty of a radially based flap of the retinaculum extensorum. We reviewed the current literature.
Mensiz Ercan - - 2003
Orbital emphysema (OE) is usually the result of a fracture of lamina papyrecea or maxillary roof allowing air to pass from the sinuses into the orbit. OE without evidence of any significant trauma is a rare occurrence. Thorough literature search revealed that no case of OE due to the rupture ...
Varsano Shabtai - - 2003
Spontaneous true hemothorax is quite a rare manifestation of a presenting disease. This is a report of two patients, one with bilateral spontaneous massive hemothorax as a presenting manifestation of angiosarcoma involving the lungs and pleura, and the other with unilateral spontaneous hemothorax and hemorrhagic shock as a presenting manifestation ...
Por Ng Chung - - 2003
Spontaneous haemopneumothorax is an infrequently reported entity. We report here on two patients with spontaneous haemopneumothorax complicated by massive haemorrhage. Sources of bleeding were caused by torn pleural adhesion and ruptured apical bullae. Inappropriate management can lead to an increase in mortality and morbidity. We emphasize the importance of close ...
Por Y C - - 2003
Extraarticular pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is very rare in the distal forearm. There has only been one previous case report of this disease in the extensor tendons of a child. We report a case of PVNS of the distal forearm that presented as two nodules over the radial aspect and ...
Cebrian Paloma - - 2003
Rupture of Achilles tendon (AT) is an uncommon complication of treatment with fluoroquinolones. We describe a case of bilateral tendinosis and rupture of the right AT in a patient who began levofloxacin treatment for community acquired pneumonia. Sonography showed thickening and hypoecogenicity of both AT and complete rupture and separation ...
Greenberg Richard A - - 2003
Cases of pediatric nonenvironmental hypothermia are uncommon. When presenting to the emergency department, these patients are often evaluated for possible sepsis/shock, brain tumors, endocrine disorders, and drug ingestions. We report a case of a 5-year-old girl who presented to the pediatric emergency department on two occasions with hypothermia and lethargy. ...
Maroun Falah - - 2003
Intracranial hemorrhage because of rupture of a cerebral aneurysm is extremely rare in the neonatal period. Delayed diagnosis contributes to high mortality and morbidity. The authors report an extremely rare case of a middle cerebral artery aneurysm diagnosed and treated shortly after birth. Extensive review of the literature is presented. ...
Ghobrial Michel W - - 2002
We report the case of a 40-year-old African-American female who presented to the Emergency Department with unstable angina. The patient, who had multiple risk factors for coronary artery disease, was admitted to the coronary care unit for cardiac work-up and management. Shortly after the intravenous administration of unfractionated heparin, she ...
Berrocal José Ramón García - - 2002
Sudden deafness constitutes a diagnostic challenge. Classically, 2 causes, viral and vascular, are considered in the origin of idiopathic sudden hearing loss. More recently added to the list of possibilities are rupture of the membranous labyrinth and immune-mediated sensorineural hearing loss. The latter can be either primary and localized to ...
Loncarich David - - 2002
Suppurative tenosynovitis of the flexor tendons has been reported frequently, and its diagnosis and treatment are well established.(1-6) However, suppurative tenosynovitis of the extensor tendons is a rare entity that has been infrequently reported in the English literature. Reported cases were usually nonlocalizedand atraumatic and occurred in immunocompromised patients. In ...
Leung L Y J - - 2002
Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is rare in children. Its presentation is usually related to hormonal activity of the tumour. We report a case of childhood ACC that presented as an acute abdomen due to tumour rupture. This is the first reported case of a ruptured ACC as a cause of paediatric ...
Arakawa Masahiro - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Gastric varices, the rupture of which can be a fatal complication of portal hypertension, have not been well documented histopathologically. While cardiac varices develop in continuity with esophageal varices, fundic varices develop independently, having characteristic pathophysiology. Elucidation of the angioarchitecture of fundic varices will facilitate future improvement ...
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