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Ojo E O - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The practice of day case surgery is today an attractive and an appealing one with increase spread to many specialties and many regions of the world. However, there is a great variability in its use and application. OBJECTIVE: To determine the scope and degree of utilisation of day case ...
Buyck Bart - - 2007
This paper provides the first modern descriptions of Lactarius spp. from Madagascar since Heim's revision in 1938. Seven taxa are discussed in detail: In three cases (L. annulatoangustifolius, L. phlebophyllus, L. rubroviolascens), additional records were obtained for species described and last collected by Heim. For two species (L. aurantiifolius, L. ...
Matyas Bela T - - 2007
Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts, is the site of the only two recognized outbreaks of primary pneumonic tularemia in the United States. Beginning in 2000 and continuing through 2006, 59 presumed or confirmed tularemia cases have been reported from Martha's Vineyard, with more than 60% of these presumed to be due to ...
Alwi Idrus - - 2007
The main purpose of a case report is to educate clinicians about the clinical features, investigation, and/or the treatment of patients with unusual problems. It is important to remember that all the rules that apply to other forms of medical writing, also apply equally to case reports. The IMRAD format ...
Neuloh Georg - - 2007
OBJECT: Surgery for insular gliomas incurs a considerable risk of motor morbidity. In this study the authors explore the validity and utility of continuous motor tract monitoring to detect and reverse impending motor impairment during insular glioma resection. METHODS: Motor evoked potentials (MEPs) were successfully monitored during 73 operations to ...
Elliot Stuart C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To report the use of pumpless extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal in two cases of acute severe asthma. DESIGN: Case reports. SETTING: Adult general intensive care unit, Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds, UK. PATIENTS: A 74-yr-old male and 52-yr-old female with life-threatening asthma developed progressive hypercapnia and severe acidosis that proved ...
Kupferman Todd A - - 2007
Calcific tendinitis of the prevertebral muscles is a rare clinical entity. Its nonspecific presenting symptoms (e.g., retropharyngeal space infection) may mimic an infectious etiology. Treatment is based on the administration of a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) for 2 to 3 weeks and cessation of symptom-provoking activity. Most patients will improve ...
Tolland J P - - 2007
Pseudoporphyria is a bullous photosensitivity, the commonest aetiology being secondary to various ingested medications. Voriconazole is a relatively new second-generation triazole antifungal agent. There have only been two reports of pseudoporphyria secondary to voriconazole. We report the third case of this phenomenon occurring in a lady being treated for disseminated ...
Do Mi-Ok - - 2007
Lichen nitidus (LN) is an uncommon chronic inflammatory skin disease composed of numerous, tiny, shiny, flesh-colored papules that are predominantly observed on the chest, abdomen, glans penis and upper extremities. The distribution of LN is most often localized, but in some cases it can become generalized. Because LN tends to ...
Hitchings Anne - - 2007
Laryngomalacia is the most common cause of stridor in infancy. It is generally considered to be a fairly benign condition necessitating surgical intervention in relatively few cases. It resolves by the age of 4 years in the majority of children. We present three cases in which laryngomalacia persisted and actually ...
Manea S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze dentists' perceptions, attitudes, knowledge and experience about child abuse and neglect (CAN) in an area of northeast Italy and the factors affecting the recognition and reporting of CAN cases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred six dentists working in both public and ...
Thomson Christopher J CJ Division of Plastic Surgery, Dalhousie University, Halifax and Saint John, Nova Scotia, - - 2007
Medical texts continue to perpetuate the belief that epinephrine should not be injected in fingers. Little attention has been paid to analyze the evidence that created this belief to see whether it is valid. The significance is that elective epinephrine finger injection has been shown to remove the need for ...
Perroud Nader - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this case report is to create awareness on restless legs syndrome (RLS) among clinicians working in emergency units. METHOD: We describe a case reporting important aggravation of RLS associated with citalopram, 60 mg/day, in a 48-year-old woman who was sent to the emergency unit by her ...
Wolf Barbara C - - 2007
Although research into the phenomenon of serial murder has revealed that serial killers frequently do not fit the initially described paradigm in terms of their physical and psychological profiles, backgrounds, and motives to kill, the media continues to sensationalize the figures of such killers and the investigators who attempt to ...
Bawaskar H S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Scorpion antivenom (SAV) is specific antidote to scorpion venom..SAV did not prevent the cardiovascular morbidity and mortality (autonomic storm), hence its utility in the management for severe scorpion envenomingmay be limited. Since 1983 the advent of prazosin revolutionized the management of severe scorpion sting. Since 2002 SAV against Indian ...
Boydell Katherine M - - 2007
Little is known about whether the recommendations made during telepsychiatry are actually implemented. We reviewed 100 telepsychiatry consultations, chosen randomly from a paediatric telepsychiatry programme serving rural communities in Ontario. Treatment recommendations had been made for each case reviewed and up to nine recommendations had been made for a single ...
Gencoglan Gulsum - - 2007
Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is a rare disorder characterized by vascular proliferation, eosinophilia in peripheral blood samples and lymphocytosis. The etiology is unknown; this rare condition is generally seen in women. It often presents as multiple, grouped red nodules in the periauricular region, scalp line and neck. Numerous therapeutic ...
Wacogne I - - 2006
"The report of my death was an exaggeration", said Mark Twain. For a dying specialty, general paediatrics has certainly been looking very healthy recently. It is timely to examine why our specialty was thought to be at such risk, and to explore why, although in many cases shocked and confused, ...
Singbartl Fabian - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to investigate saccular function in patients with otosclerosis. Furthermore, the influence of stapedotomy on the vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) should be demonstrated. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. METHODS: Bone-conducted tone-burst-evoked VEMPs were measured in 23 patients (25 ears) with ...
Scheepers Marius - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Dry eyes are a common symptom following LASIK corneal refractive surgery. Treatments include topical lubricants to supplement the tear film, and punctal occlusion to reduce tear outflow. Canaliculitis is a recognised complication of punctal plugs, but has not previously been described following insertion of newer generation semi-permanent intra-canalicular plugs, ...
Kovaleski John - - 2007
The current practice of characterization and control of impurities in pharmaceuticals is reviewed with emphasis on issues specific to the generic industry. Case studies are discussed to demonstrate that generic pharmaceuticals are therapeutically equivalent to the branded product, even though the color, size, shape, and excipients utilized may not be ...
Barker D - - 2006
This report describes a unilateral removable partial denture with a hinged arm with magnetic retention and a prosthetic flange component that was provided for a patient with localised periodontal tissue loss. While a unilateral partial denture is not generally advocated because of the risk of swallowing or aspiration, this case ...
Hewitt P E - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This paper reports the results to 1 March 2006 of an ongoing UK study, the Transfusion Medicine Epidemiological Review (TMER), by the National CJD Surveillance Unit (NCJDSU) and the UK Blood Services (UKBS) to determine whether there is any evidence that Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), including sporadic CJD ...
Swahn Monica H MH Office on Smoking and Health, Division of Violence Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Ga 30341-3724, USA. - - 2006
We examined the concordance between measures of self-reported maltreatment and court records of abuse or neglect in a sample of detained youths. Data were collected by the Northwestern Juvenile Project and include interviews from 1829 youths aged 10-18 years. Participants were newly detained youths in the Cook County Juvenile Temporary ...
Hancock Barry W - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To report the Sheffield experience with persistent gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) after partial hydatidiform mole (PHM) and to review worldwide experience. METHODS: All PHMs registered at the Sheffield Trophoblast Centre between 1991 and 2004 were included in this retrospective study. Any case of PHM leading to persistent GTN was ...
Seiden Samuel C - - 2006
HYPOTHESIS: Wrong-side/wrong-site, wrong-procedure, and wrong-patient adverse events (WSPEs) are devastating, unacceptable, and often result in litigation, but their frequency and root causes are unknown. Wrong-side/wrong-site, wrong-procedure, and wrong-patient events are likely more common than realized, with little evidence that current prevention practice is adequate. DESIGN: Analysis of several databases demonstrates ...
Shulman R M - - 2007
Case report. Examine an unusual drug related case of myeloneuropathy as well as the pathophysiology of nitrous oxide induced subacute combined degeneration. Major metropolitan teaching hospital - Princess Alexandra Hospital, Queensland, Australia. Review case notes, investigations, relevant medical literature and epidemiological data. A 23-year-old female developed a myeloneuropathy and encephalopathy ...
Appelboam Andrew - - 2006
In young children, cannabis ingestion resulting in coma is very rare. Only nine cases have been reported in the literature and most have occurred in inquisitive toddlers. We review the cases to date and report the youngest recorded case of coma due to cannabis ingestion in an 11-month-old girl. This ...
David Noble J - - 2006
Over the past 15 years, I have reviewed the records of six patients whose physicians were alleged to have failed to diagnose a pituitary tumor before it bled ("apoplexy") or failed to recognize apoplexy after it had occurred. These cases were referred by attorneys involved in lawsuits alleging medical negligence. ...
Giwercman Yvonne L - - 2006
Endocrine disrupters, such as persistent organohalogen pollutants (POPs) may cause hypospadias, which is a common congenital anomaly in males, affecting 0.2-0.7%. We hypothesized that hypospadias incidence would be high among Greenlanders, who are one of the most POP exposed populations on earth through consumption of contaminated sea mammals. Interestingly, among ...
Zadrazil Josef - - 2006
BACKGROUND: It is generally accepted that there is no higher prevalence of renal disease in psoriatic patients, except in the case of secondary renal amyloidosis in psoriatic arthropathy. Contrary to this, however, some authors suggest that kidney diseases in psoriasis vulgaris may be more common and they presume the existence ...
Hill P B - - 2006
A survey was made of the prevalence, diagnosis and treatment of dermatological conditions in small animals in general practice in the UK. Out of 3707 small animal consultations in general practice that were observed and recorded, 795 (21.4 per cent) involved animals that had a dermatological problem. In dogs and ...
Smith Kristine M - - 2006
Medical records of three male and three female callitrichids of four species (Leontopithecus chrysopygus, Leontopithecus rosalia, Callithrix argentata argentata, Callithrix kuhlii) diagnosed with cholelithiasis were reviewed. Ages of affected animals at the time of diagnosis ranged from 2-14 yr. Definitive antemortem diagnosis of cholelithiasis was made in four of the ...
Beltran David - - 2006
PURPOSE: Polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma (PLGA) is a salivary gland malignancy characterized by indolent growth and a low rate of metastasis. PLGA shares histological features with adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC), including infiltrating solid and cribriform patterns, presence of cystic spaces, and neurotropism. The degree of polymorphism of PLGA presents diagnostic challenges, ...
Rosenstock C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Unanticipated difficult airway management (DAM) is a major challenge for the anaesthesiologist and is associated with a risk of severe patient damage. We analysed 24 cases of unanticipated DAM for actual case management and anaesthesiologists knowledge, technical and non-technical skills. Anaesthesiologists' opinions, as well as environmental factors of importance ...
Guldbakke Kjetil Kristoffer - - 2006
Crusted scabies, a rare variant of classical scabies, is a highly contagious condition in which the skin is infected with thousands to millions of mites. It can be defined as a generalized severe scabies infestation usually affecting immunocompromised patients. The diagnosis is becoming more relevant with the increasing use of ...
Groenen M J M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The widespread use of gastrointestinal endoscopy for diagnosis and treatment requires effective, standardised report systems. This need is further increased by the limited storage of images, and by the need for structured databases for surveillance and epidemiology. We therefore aimed for a report system which would be quick, easy ...
Ambrose Charles T - - 2006
Recently at the Medical Historical Museum of McGill University, Dr. Rick Fraser discovered a microscope slide prepared in 1876 from the lung of a patient with pneumoconiosis. Photomicrographs show the presence of coal dust particles in alveolar cells. This case and several related ones had been reported in 1875 by ...
Mulekar Sanjeev V - - 2006
BACKGROUND: There are two commonly recognized forms of vitiligo-generalized and localized. This classification is important to understand the course of the disease and its prognosis. Most patients have generalized vitiligo; few patients have both segmented and generalized vitiligo. OBSERVATION: We report four more cases of mixed vtiligo, segmental with generalized ...
Bhagchandani T - - 2006
Generalized hypoplasia of the larynx and trachea is a very rare condition with only one case reported in the literature. A pregnant woman presented for an emergency laparotomy under general anaesthesia. Endotracheal intubation with conventional sizes of tracheal tubes failed, despite a Cormack and Lehane grade I laryngoscopic view. Subsequent ...
Garlicki Mirosław - - 2006
Reported here is a case of mediastinitis caused by candida albicans and Staphylococcus aureus following a heart transplantation that was successfully treated with caspofungin, antibiotics and mediastinal lavage. A review of the literature revealed that Candida albicans as a cause of mediastinitis has been rarely described. In the few existing ...
Seijas Roberto - - 2006
The reported incidence of osteosarcoma of the foot is very low. Osteosarcoma of the talus is extremely rare and few cases have been reported in the literature. The clinical findings are not typical, and osteosarcoma of the talus can be easily misdiagnosed, resulting in a delay in proper treatment. We ...
Braun-Falco Markus - - 2006
Recurring scarlatiniform scaled erythema of Féréol-Besnier is a rare disease characterized by recurrent episodes of a prodromal phase with general malaise, head and muscle aches, gastrointestinal complaints and fever followed by an erythematous rash leading to extensive desquamation of the involved skin. It exists in a generalized and localized variant, ...
Bhatnagar Vibha - - 2006
Because smallpox (variola major) may be used as a biological weapon, we reviewed outbreaks in post-World War II Europe and North America in order to understand smallpox transmission patterns. A systematic review was used to identify papers from the National Library of Medicine, Embase, Biosis, Cochrane Library, Defense Technical Information ...
Hamzat Tal-hatu K - - 2006
A 5-year (1999-2004) review of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) cases managed at the physiotherapy clinic of the University College Hospital, Ibadan Nigeria was carried out. Collection of data involved retrieving the records of all patients seen at the physiotherapy clinic during the study period, from which the paediatric cases were ...
Hodges Frank R - - 2006
The purpose of this article was to review the embryology of the external ear, as related to the clinical finding of accessory tragus (ear tags). Medical management of the accessory tragus is discussed, as well as differential diagnoses and associated syndromes. A general clinical description of accessory tragus is described, ...
Azonobi Ijeoma - - 2006
Eclampsia typically occurs in the antepartum or intrapartum period. Late-onset postpartum eclampsia is a controversial topic, which recently has been accepted as a true phenomenon. Late-onset postpartum eclampsia is a rare occurrence, although literature suggests that it is an increasing phenomenon. In this case study, an essentially healthy primigravida developed ...
Endimiani Andrea - - 2006
Bloodstream infection (BSI) due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pa) has relevant clinical impact especially in relation to drug resistance determinants. The PER-1 extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) is a common enzyme conferring high-level resistance to anti-pseudomonal cephalosporins. Risk factors and treatment outcome of BSI episodes caused by PER-1-positive Pa (PER-1-Pa) strains were compared ...
Dik Bilal - - 2006
During the examination of a wounded white pelican (Pelecanus onocrotalus) brought to the clinic of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Selcuk University, lice infestation of the oral cavity was observed and 26 lice were collected. The lice were identified as Piagetiella titan during microscopical examination. No other report of this particular ...
Balas Istvan - - 2006
Hallervorden-Spatz disease (HSD) is a rare disorder characterized by progressive motor dysfunction and dementia. Dystonia is the most prominent and disabling symptom, responding only to a modest extent to pharmacological therapy. At the moment, only a few cases have been reported to improve dystonia and even fewer to resolve status ...
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