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McGrath Emmet E - - 2009
An association between Mycobacterium malmoense and underlying lung disease has been described. The purpose of this study was to further explore this relationship and in particular to identify any relationship between Coal Workers' Pneumoconiosis (CWP) and M. malmoense infection. Patient charts were reviewed of all patients who had a positive ...
Paul Karel - - 2009
Clinically relevant apneas, which are common in preterm infants, may adversely affect later neuropsychological condition in this group of patients. Pharmacotherapy to stimulate respiratory functions may be unsuccessful. Polygraphic recording may help in the differential diagnosis of these clinically relevant events. Twenty-nine preterm neonates born before 36 weeks of gestational ...
Mars Sarah G SG Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143-1390, - - 2008
Over the last 50 years, tobacco has been excluded from and then included in the category of addictive substances. We investigated influences on these opposing definitions and their application in expert witness testimony in litigation in the 1990s and 2000s. A scientist with ties to the tobacco industry influenced the ...
Ainola Leo - - 2008
Two-dimensional photoelasticity is based on the classical Wertheim law. The integral Wertheim law can be used in integrated photoelasticity only in the case when the directions of the secondary principal stresses are constant on the light beam. We generalize the integral Wertheim law for the case when a slight rotation ...
Garey Kevin W - - 2008
Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in nonhospitalized patients has been reported with increased frequency. An association between CDI and pregnancy has not been stressed. This review will report 4 cases of peripartum CDI with characterization of the infecting strain and a literature review. A PubMed search identified 24 recorded cases of ...
Stevens Debra L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To review the published reports of neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) associated with the use of selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and second-generation antipsychotics. DATA SOURCE: Information was selected from a MEDLINE search of English-language literature (1950-May 2008). Manual search of all published cases indexed in MEDLINE (English language only) of ...
Azawi Osama Ibrahim - - 2009
The aims of this study were to study the prevalence of oviduct abnormalities of buffaloes, investigate bacteria accompanying hydrosalpinx, pyosalpinx and salpingitis. In addition, the study was designed to investigate the correlation between bacterial infection of the uterus and oviduct lesions in buffaloes. Bacteriological examinations were performed on hydrosalpinx, pyosalpinx ...
Roy Joey - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Potassium para-aminobenzoate is an agent used in the treatment of sclerotic diseases including Peyronie's disease of the penis. It has been reported that this medication may have been responsible for cases of acute liver injury. AIM: To inform clinicians of the possibility of an adverse drug event associated with ...
Brock-Nannestad George - - 2008
Listening to early recordings of a French theatrical personality, such as Sarah Bernhardt, the emphatic emission of words is very noticeable. It is sometimes ascribed to Bernhardt's theatrical mannerisms, but possibly also caused by an erroneous speed of reproduction. But even at correct speed, huge variations in intenseness are very ...
Devine Scott - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The General Practice Research Database (GPRD) has been used to identify associations between pregnancy medication exposures and birth defects, but experts have argued that databases such as this one cannot provide detailed information for the valid identification of complicated congenital anomalies. Our objective was to determine if the GPRD ...
Ludot Hugues - - 2008
We report the case of a 13-yr-old girl scheduled for knee surgery under general anesthesia and posterior lumbar plexus block. A ventricular arrhythmia developed 15 min after local anesthetic injection. A 20% lipid emulsion was successful in converting the ventricular arrhythmia to a sinus rhythm. This is consistent with previous ...
Downs John W - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Failure to regain consciousness after general anesthesia has a multitude of life-threatening causes, including neurological injury, metabolic derangements, or drug effects. Failure to promptly recognize the cause of unconsciousness after anesthesia can result in significant patient morbidity or mortality, costly laboratory and radiographic evaluation, and physician anxiety. Rarely, patients ...
Eilen Dana - - 2008
A previously healthy 30-year-old African American male presented to our hospital with diabetic ketoacidosis as his first manifestation of diabetes. A transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) was performed with contrast, which showed isolated noncompaction of the left ventricular myocardium (INVM). The case presented here is followed by an extensive review of the ...
Alström Per - - 2008
The phylogeny of the avian genus Emberiza and the monotypic genera Latoucheornis, Melophus and Miliaria (collectively the Old World Emberizini), as well as representatives for the New World Emberizini, the circumpolar genera Calcarius and Plectrophenax and the four other generally recognized tribes in the subfamily Emberizinae was estimated based on ...
Olusesi A D - - 2008
Mild or worse hearing loss, defined as pure tone average >25 decibel, is seen commonly with preventable etiologies. SETTINGS: A tertiary care, urban referral hospital. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of individuals attending the hearing loss clinic of National Hospital, Abuja, between May 2005 and April 2007. Data ...
Ovalle Fernando - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), an acute and potentially life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus, is frequently the result of a precipitating illness or nonadherence to treatment; however, despite a thorough history, physical, radiologic, and laboratory examination, a specific cause or precipitating event cannot be identified in a significant number of cases. ...
Kokta Victor - - 2008
Three rare cases of pediatric Québec-based zoonotic filarial nematode deep skin infections were reviewed. These rare cases were processed at our pediatric hospital within the last 6-year period. Patient age, travel information, lesional characteristics, systemic findings, serology, histopathology, treatment, and follow-up were gathered from the submitting specimen and the treating ...
McAdams Mara - - 2008
PURPOSE: To estimate the extent of reporting to FDA through statin-associated rhabdomyolysis data. METHODS: Data included incidence rates (IRs) of hospitalized rhabdomyolysis among statin users from a population-based study, and comparable reported AERS cases and national estimates of statin use from an AERS analysis. Using IRs, national estimates of statin ...
Maier Lisa A - - 2008
RATIONALE: Between 1948 and 1969, cases of community-acquired chronic beryllium disease (CA-CBD) were reported in neighborhoods surrounding beryllium facilities. Further surveillance was not performed in these communities, and additional cases have not been reported. OBJECTIVES: To increase awareness of recently diagnosed cases of CA-CBD in residents surrounding a beryllium facility. ...
De Salvia Alessandra - - 2008
It is well known that asplenic patients can suffer immediate and long-term infective sequelae, most of all from capsulated bacteria, whereas appropriate immunization can reduce the incidence of postsplenectomy sepsis. We discuss the case of a young adult developing an overwhelming post-splenectomy sepsis (OPSS) due to streptococcus pneumoniae seven years ...
De Witte Lieve - - 2008
Crossed aphasia in dextrals (CAD) following pure subcortical lesions is rare. This study describes a right-handed patient with an ischemic lesion in the right thalamus. In the post-acute phase of the stroke, a unique combination of 'crossed thalamic aphasia' was found with left visuo-spatial neglect and constructional apraxia. On the ...
Luo Wei - - 2008
General paresis is considered to be a "treatable" dementia, in which early diagnosis and treatment play a very important role. In recent years, its occurrence might have increased significantly due to the increasing incidence of syphilis. The authors report five cases of general paresis in order to draw attention to ...
Zambon Francesco - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The effects of seat belt laws and public education campaigns on seat belt use are assessed on the basis of observational or self-reported data on seat belt use. Previous studies focusing on front seat occupants have shown that self-reports indicate a greater seat belt usage than observational findings. Whether ...
Salehabadi Alireza - - 2008
This article reports on the occurrence of M. moniliformis in a 2-year-old girl in Iran after a long time period from its last recorded occurrence. Diagnosis of the both the earlier human record, as well as the later one that we are discussing in this report, has not initially been ...
Shah Mian Mujahid - - 2008
Nature of presenting symptoms and even signs of disease can lead to a diagnosis that seems routine but is in fact erroneous because a sufficient index of suspicion is not generated in the mind of the physician dealing with the case. A young girl of about 16 years was brought ...
Menza Timothy W - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recent reports evaluating partner notification (PN) efforts among men who have sex with men (MSM) have observed relatively poor outcomes. However, the validity of traditional PN disposition codes is not known, possibly leading to overly pessimistic assessments of PN outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate PN practices among MSM with gonococcal ...
Poovaneswaran Sangeetha - - 2008
Tracheobronchial amyloidosis (TBA) is a rare disease. No general consensus exists with regard to its optimal treatment, resulting in a variety of modalities used to manage this condition. In this article, we present a case of TBA treated with external beam radiation therapy with encouraging results. A brief literature review ...
Welsh Gail - - 2008
Matched records of positive and negative influenza cases were parsed with a Natural Language Processor, the Multi-threaded Clinical Vocabulary Server (MCVS). Output was coded into SNOMED-CT reference terminology and compared to the SNOMED case definition of influenza. Odds ratios for each element of the influenza case definition by each section ...
Tree Jeremy J - - 2008
Friedman (1995) presents a review of 6 phonological dyslexic cases in which she suggests that this reading impairment is divisible into subtypes on the basis of two straightforward behavioural profiles: (1) cases with poor function word reading and normal nonword repetition (3 cases) and (2) cases with good function word ...
Vatansever Z - - 2008
A passive surveillance for tick bites in humans was undertaken in the city of Istanbul (Turkey) in the summer and autumn of 2006. From 1,054 reported tick bites, most were females of Ixodes ricinus (27%) and nymphs of Hyalomma aegyptium (50%). A few adults of Hyalomma m. marginatum, Rhipicephalus sanguineus ...
Senise Luana Valente - - 2007
Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) lanei Galvão and Amaral is here redescribed using morphological characteristics of adult, male and female, fourth instar larva and pupa. The larva, pupa, and male genitalia are illustrated. Diagnostic morphological characters of adults, male genitalia, fourth instar larva and pupa are provided to distinguish An. lanei from other ...
Williams Anthony Nicholas - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Occupational physicians are sometimes surprised at the decisions made by employment tribunals. AIM: To assess employment tribunal judgements on disability discrimination in order to determine whether the evidence placed before the tribunal was appropriate and sufficient. METHOD: Qualitative review of recorded tribunal judgements for an 18-month period between 1 ...
Spigno Fabio - - 2008
The diagnosis of decompression sickness may be difficult, particularly when patients present with atypical clinical manifestations after dives going on uneventfully and with full adherence to safety parameters. The case reports involve two divers who presented with transient global amnesia (TGA) immediately after surfacing from otherwise regular dives during which ...
Denner Joachim - - 2007
Transspecies transmission is common among retroviruses, although the consequences of the transmission are very different. Some transspecies transmissions have resulted in fatal diseases in the new host while others have remained asymptomatic. Some retroviruses are apathogenic in the original species, but pathogenic in a new host and others can be ...
Imberti D - - 2008
Retrievable filters are a new generation of inferior vena cava (IVC) filters and represent an attractive option because they may be either left in place permanently or safely retrieved after a quite long period when they become unnecessary. In this review the currently available literature regarding retrievable IVC filters is ...
Knauer Mark - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of sow culling classifications reported by lay personnel on commercial swine farms. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. ANIMALS: A convenience sample of 923 sows from 8 conventional, farrow-to-wean farms that followed standard operating procedures. PROCEDURES: Sows were examined at slaughter, and lesions were recorded. Individual production ...
Pressman Mark R - - 2007
To review medical and legal case reports to determine how many appear to support the belief that violence against other individuals that occurs during Disorders of Arousal - sleepwalking, confusional arousal, and sleep terrors - is triggered by direct physical contact or close proximity to that individual and does not ...
Landry Marc-Antoine - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Case presentation and teaching performed at the bedside are declining. Patients' preference between bedside case presentation and conference-room case presentation is divergent in the literature. Residents seem to prefer the conference room. The objective of this study was to ascertain whether there was a difference of satisfaction and comfort ...
Anari S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In most centres in the United Kingdom, endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy is currently undertaken as a joint operation between ophthalmologists and otolaryngologists. The addition of an extra surgeon, the use of endoscopic equipment and the relatively lower success rate of this procedure made us compare endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy and external dacryocystorhinostomy with ...
Mrena Roderik - - 2007
CONCLUSION: In occupational noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) reports, many tinnitus sufferers probably remain undetected and untreated at present. Attention should be focused on tinnitus, as well as threshold shifts resulting from NIHL. OBJECTIVES: Occupational NIHL is frequent among workers in industrialized countries and it is one of the greatest occupational ...
Porzionato Andrea - - 2007
In the literature, little attention has been paid to the medico-legal implications of awareness during general anaesthesia, a complication which has been reported with an incidence of 0.5-2%. We present the case of a 39-year-old nurse who experienced awareness during salpingo-adnexectomy for tubo-ovarian pregnancy. The operation was performed as an ...
Katta Rajani - - 2007
We report a case of a 34-year-old woman who received cefuroxime, a second-generation cephalosporin, as treatment for mastitis. She subsequently developed a serum sickness-like reaction (SSLR) with a generalized pruritic rash, joint pains, and fever. She improved upon treatment with systemic steroids. SSLR is well-described to cefaclor, a second-generation cephalosporin. ...
Cai Jianwen - - 2007
Case-cohort design has been advocated in many epidemiologic studies when studying rare diseases or events. In this design, with a rare event, all the events are selected for risk-factor assessment. When the event is not rare, it is desirable to consider a generalized case-cohort design, where only a fraction of ...
Ono Takashi - - 2007
A 60-year-old man who had been receiving dialysis for more than 30 years was admitted for treatment of cellulitis in his right thigh on November 7, 2003. He suffered from an ileus on December 14 and was found to have a huge, 7-cm-diameter, well-circumscribed fecalith, incarcerated at the splenic flexure ...
Zhan Chunliu - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism (DVT/PE) are common complications after surgery and are associated with substantial excess mortality and length of stay. International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes recorded in hospital claims have been used to identify and study DVT/PE, but the validity of ...
Berenji Fariba - - 2007
Only a few cases of Acanthocephala infections have been reported in humans, and Moniliformis moniliformis is the most common species around the world. We report here a case of infection with M. moniliformis, which passed in the stool of a 2-year-old girl in Iran. The patient had abdominal pain, diarrhea, ...
Rovit Richard L - - 2007
OBJECT: Neurosurgeons are a high-risk group for allegations of malpractice. To determine the kinds of cases and the neurosurgical practice patterns associated with the highest proportion of litigation, the authors examined the experience over a 5-year period of a major physician-owned and -administered insurance company dealing with this issue, the ...
Vetter Richard S - - 2007
The dermatology and general medical literature is filled with articles that report skin disease caused by the brown recluse spider, Loxosceles reclusa. A large number of these articles contain inadequate documentation of Loxosceles bites; many come from areas that have no Loxosceles spiders. Authors submitting papers alleging loxoscelism should adhere ...
Alalade A O - - 2007
Day-case management of hyperemesis gravidarum was introduced at the Whipps Cross University Hospital in September 2003. A prospective study of patients managed as day cases between September and December 2003 was undertaken. A total of 27 cases were managed as day cases in accordance with set criteria. All were discharged ...
Sutton Patrice M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Aircraft "disinsection" is the application of pesticides inside an aircraft to kill insects that may be on board. Over a 1-year period, California's tracking system received 17 reports of illness involving flight attendants exposed to pesticides following disinsection. METHODS: Interviews, work process observations, and a records review were conducted. ...
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