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Results 351 - 400 of 1033
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Chan Lai Peng - - 2003
We describe five cases of biopsy-proven fat necrosis and review the imaging with an emphasis on MRI. MRI showed the classically reported finding of central globular high signal intensity with a low-signal-intensity rim in only two of the five cases. We noted peripheral contrast enhancement, which to our knowledge has ...
Axman Wayne R - - 2003
This article reports on a 45-year-old woman who presented with pruritus and was diagnosed as having chigger mite infestation, a rare condition. The chigger mite larvae were encountered while the patient was traveling in South America. A small erythematous area with a well-circumscribed papule in the sulcus of the second ...
Leigh-Smith S - - 2003
A case is presented of unilateral tension pneumothorax in an awake patient who was seen in prehospital care after a significant fall. Because of extrication difficulties it was 40 minutes after the accident when he was first seen and by this stage the tension pneumothorax was well developed. Many features ...
Caruso R A - - 2004
Embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) of the female genital tract usually occurs in the vagina during childhood. In rare cases, RMS can originate in the uterine cervix, with an incidence peak in the second decade. Recent studies have suggested that it is possible to limit surgery to local excision in stage I ...
Adam David N - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Necrolytic Migratory Erythema (NME) is a rarely encountered dermatologic condition. It is the characteristic feature of a paraneoplastic syndrome associated with neuroendocrine pancreatic tumors. A case of NME initially diagnosed and treated as psoriasis is reviewed. A review of the current literature regarding NME is also included. OBJECTIVE: The ...
Aronoff David M - - 2003
Group A streptococcal (GAS) necrotizing fasciitis is a rapidly progressive soft tissue infection. Elderly and chronically ill individuals are at greatest risk, particularly when skin breakdown is present. Reports suggest that nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) increase the risk of developing GAS necrotizing fasciitis, impede its timely recognition and management, and ...
Suchi Mariko - - 2003
The majority of the most severe cases of congenital hyperinsulinism (HI) are caused by defects in the beta-cell adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive potassium channel and usually require pancreatectomy to control blood sugar levels. In contrast to the recent advances in understanding the pathophysiology and genetic bases of HI, the histologic classification ...
Rigo Manuel - - 2003
In the early international literature, up to now only very few cases are reported with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and a significant improvement of Cobb angle after conservative management. In the recent literature the possibility of an improvement of Cobb angle at skeletal maturity after brace treatment is mentioned no ...
Malis Didier-David - - 2003
Room tilt illusion is a subjective distortion of verticality with transient paradoxical rotation of the visual field, usually in the frontal plane. It might result from dysfunction of the vestibular pathways with subsequent contradictory vestibular, visual, and proprioceptive inputs and erroneous cortical integration. It has already been described in association ...
de Silva M V C - - 2003
Myositis ossificans (MO) and fibroosseous pseudotumor of digits (FP) are pseudotumoral mimics of malignancy. A review of 50 cases of MO and 14 cases of FP showed that a malignant diagnosis was suggested by referring pathologists in 23% of MO and 9% of FP. The most common misdiagnosis was osteosarcoma. ...
Dixon P M - - 2003
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: There is continuing debate on the clinical benefit of laryngoplasty (LP) in the treatment of equine laryngeal paralysis. In particular, there is little information available on the clinical value of this surgery in older horses, in non-Thoroughbreds or in sports or pleasure horses; nor on the ...
Béliard S - - 2003
Since a few years, an increasing number of cases of atypical neuroleptic-associated diabetes are reported in the literature. But few are dedicated to diabetologists. We report here two cases of patients with a severe deterioration of preexisting diabetes, with clozapine for the first case report and olanzapine for the second ...
Martinelli Paul T - - 2003
Eccrine angiomatous hamartoma (EAH) is a rare, benign condition recognized histologically by increased numbers of eccrine elements, as well as numerous vascular channels. Patients typically present with a solitary, sometimes enlarging, nodule of the extremities usually appearing at birth or arising during childhood. When symptomatic, EAH may be associated with ...
Buschmann Ute - - 2003
The aim of this case-based update is to discuss the biological characteristics, clinical course, and optimal treatment of pediatric patients harboring pilocytic astrocytomas (PA) with leptomeningeal dissemination (LMD). PAs are well-recognized benign pediatric tumors of the central nervous system (CNS). Despite a favorable outcome in general, in rare cases LMD ...
Raji M A - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the current understanding of verotoxigenic Escherichia coli 0157:H7 (VTEC) and to describe clinical picture, reservoir, transmission and diagnosis and African situations of VTEC. DATA SOURCE: A literature review was performed of major published series between 1980 and 2001 inclusive, using the PUB MED and ...
Betlloch I - - 2003
Aquagenic keratoderma has been described as a transitory condition involving young females and defined clinically by the appearance of palmar lesions accentuated after immersion in water. According to previous case reports, these lesions are characterized histologically by hyperkeratosis and dilated eccrine ducts. Some aberration in the eccrine ducts has been ...
Maryn Youri - - 2003
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: Ventricular dysphonia, also known as dysphonia plica ventricularis, refers to the pathological interference of the false vocal folds during phonation. Despite its low incidence and prevalence, Vd is a well-known phenomenon in voice clinics. The present report reviews symptoms, etiology, diagnosis, and therapeutic options regarding this voice disorder. STUDY ...
Nigen Simon - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Pyodermatitis-pyostomatitis vegetans (PD-PSV) is a rare vegetating, pustular, eosinophilic, mucocutaneous dermatosis characterized by mucocutaneous lesions of the genital, axillary, and oral regions, as well as on the scalp. OBJECTIVE: We report two patients who were diagnosed with PD-PSV. The published cases of this rare disorder are reviewed. RESULTS: The ...
Levy Vivian - - 2003
The risk of bacteremia in patients with cirrhosis increases with more advanced Child classification. Escherichia coli is the most frequently implicated organism in these bacteremic episodes. Unusually, E. coli can produce a bullous cellulitis or myonecrosis. Two previous cases of E. coli-associated myonecrosis in patients with cirrhosis have been reported. ...
Vlastos Anne-Thérèse - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To promote proper identification and management of this rare entity by presenting a review of the literature, a case report, and illustrations of its presentation and pathology. DATA SOURCES: Sources searched included the literature contained in the National Library of Medicine's PubMed database, using the term "lymphangioma circumscriptum" combined ...
Pokroy Russell - - 2003
PURPOSE: To describe the diagnosis and management of self-inflicted factitious conjunctivitis in conscripted soldiers. DESIGN: Prospective, noncomparative, consecutive case series. PARTICIPANTS: Seventeen conscripted soldiers. METHODS: Soldiers with chronic conjunctivitis (>3 weeks) were referred by ophthalmologists, and cases of shorter duration were referred by primary-care physicians. All cases underwent thorough ophthalmic ...
Boccalandro Cristina - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of a 46-year-old woman with Graves' disease and reversible low-output congestive heart failure and present a comparative analysis of 23 similar cases reported in the literature. METHODS: A detailed case report is presented. In addition, a review of the pertinent literature published between 1960 and ...
Hussain R M - - 2003
This is a case report of a previously healthy woman of 56 years who presented with a life threatening tetraparesis, severe hypokalaemia, hypertension, and raised muscle enzymes. The cause of was finally found to be unusual and very much "local". Initial inquiry into her drug history was negative until she ...
Iida Naoshige - - 2003
In recent years, high ear-piercing and wearing earrings in the cartilaginous region of the auricle have become popular. The frequent occurrence of subsequent complications also has been pointed out. The present case is of a 17-year-old girl with an auricular deformity caused by infections occurring after piercing in the scapha. ...
Nakajima Tamie - - 2003
The literature was reviewed to study cases of intoxication with systemic dermatitis associated with exposure to trichloroethylene. The average age of patients in the reports reviewed to date was twenty-nine; these diseases were found in relatively young persons and no difference was found according to gender. Many cases occurred within ...
Buccieri Kathleen M - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This case report describes a physical therapy program that included foot orthoses for a child with excessive pronation and gross motor delay. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 25-month-old girl with a 6-month gross motor delay had excessive pronation of both feet. Physical therapy included fabrication of foot orthoses to ...
Randhawa H S - - 2003
PURPOSE: To report the first case of sporotrichosis in a Delhi resident without history of travel to any known endemic area, and to present an update of the disease with special reference to India. METHODS: OThe case was tentatively diagnosed by clinical features, and confirmed by culture and histopathologic examination ...
Rohrbach N - - 2003
Thrombophlebitis is a common condition which can lead to deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and subsequent pulmonary embolism (PE). Thrombophlebitis can reach the deep venous system via the long or short saphenous vein or via perforating veins. Between the 1st of January 1999 and the 31st of December 2000 a total ...
Ribuffo D - - 2003
A newborn baby boy presented with a full thickness defect of the scalp, skull, and dura measuring 6 x 7 cm caused by aplasia cutis congenita. Full thickness loss is extremely rare and to our knowledge this case is the twenty-first reported. It has an established mortality of up to ...
Meijer Boaz - - 2003
We report a case of priapism in a newborn and the results of a review of the publications on neonatal priapism. A preterm newborn developed idiopathic priapism on the first day after birth. The priapism disappeared after 4 days of observation. Periods with normal penile erection were reported at follow-up ...
Ashraf M - - 2003
Solitary plasmacytoma of the head and neck is a rare disease entity. Its description in the literature consist of some case reports. Solitary plasmacytoma presenting with exophthalmos are rare. We report a case of intracranial solitary plasmacytoma in an elderly lady with involvement of the right orbitocranial region presenting with ...
Petit François - - 2003
To review the first clinical cases of composite tissue allotransplantation (CTA) for reconstructive surgery and to discuss the outcome of and indications for these procedures in the context of chronic immunosuppression. The first human hand transplant was performed in 1998. This procedure, as well as other composite tissue transplants, offers ...
Morita Hiroyuki - - 2003
Collagenofibrotic glomerulopathy is considered as a form of glomerulopathy in which organized collagen type III progressively deposits. We report a case of this disease with widespread expression of collagen type V. A 65-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital for further evaluation of nephrotic-range proteinuria. The patient had had anemia ...
Mandara Maria Teresa - - 2003
Mineralization in the wall of central nervous system blood vessels is sporadically encountered in aged horses and cattle as in man, generally as an age-related change. This phenomenon has not to date been located in the meninges in dogs or cats. The present study reports a retrospective histological examination of ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2003
CASE REPORT: We report a pediatric patient with encephalocele, lipomeningomyelocele, and Chiari I malformation. DISCUSSION: We also review the extant medical literature regarding associations between these three entities. We propose that the combination of these three pathologies, which is reported here for the first time, is not serendipitous but rather ...
Hopsu Erkki - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic inflammatory medial meatal fibrotizing otitis (IMFO) is rare. Only a few cases with unknown cause have been reported. OBJECTIVE: To report 3 cases of IMFO as a specific diagnostic entity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two adults and 1 child with bilateral IMFO were observed for several years at the ...
Mochizuki Kiyofumi - - 2002
BACKGROUND: We report a case of a young girl who developed pseudotumor cerebri while taking minocycline for acne vulgaris. CASE: A 16-year-old girl without a history of menstrual irregularity, weighing 60 kg (body mass index: 26.0%) presented with a history of 1 week of headache and sudden onset of a ...
Hendi Ali - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Atrophic dermatofibroma is an uncommon variant of dermatofibroma. It lacks the classic clinical features of a dermatofibroma and is often misdiagnosed. OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical and histologic features of atrophic dermatofibroma. METHODS: Case report and review of the literature. RESULTS: A 45-year-old white woman was found to have ...
Pronicki Maciej - - 2002
BACKGROUND: MELAS (mitochondrial myopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes) is one of the most common mitochondrial encephalomyopathies. MATERIAL/METHODS: We present four children with A3243G MELAS mtDNA mutation and give a summary of clinical MELAS symptoms reported in the literature. Serum lactate elevation, mosaic pattern of COX deficit and decreased activity ...
Theisen J - - 2003
The rare case of a 63-year-old male diagnosed with pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis coli is presented and discussed. The patient was found to have an unsymptomatic pneumoperitoneum on plain chest x-ray. The results of a contrast enema, computed tomography scan, and laparoscopy are presented. The patient had an uneventful hospital course ...
Veligandla Shailaja R - - 2002
Blastomycosis generally results from inhalation of Blastomyces dermatitidis conidia following exposure to contaminated soil in an endemic area. Primary infections commonly involve the lungs, although secondary dissemination to other body sites may occur. We describe 2 cases of osseous blastomycosis in people living outside the endemic areas. Both patients reported ...
Fukasawa H - - 2002
Panhypopituitarism manifests various symptoms including growth failure, hypothyroidism, adrenal insufficiency and hypogonadism. Dwarfism is an important problem in children with this condition, and long-term treatment with recombinant human growth hormone (GH) is usually required. We report a 24-year-old man with panhypopituitarism complicated by focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). The patient had ...
Gupta Samir N - - 2002
Alopecia of the leg-an extremely common yet ill-defined condition-is described in few contemporary dermatology textbooks. In this article, we describe 3 patients with anterolateral alopecia of the legs and further characterize this condition through a review of the literature.
Barnett K C - - 2002
Two singleton female snow leopard cubs are reported with bilateral central upper lid colobomas. In addition, one cub had a coloboma of the fundus in one eye extending from the lower optic disc region. Surgical treatment by wedge resection was successful in both cases. Details of ocular colobomas in other ...
Butler William P - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Decompression sickness (DCS) is a syndrome of symptoms caused by bubbles of inert gas. These bubbles are produced by a significant ambient pressure drop. Although cases are usually solitary there have been several episodes of DCS clusters. This paper reports an episode of epidemic decompression sickness and reviews the ...
Meagher Peter J - - 2002
The free osteocutaneous fibula flap is the most commonly transferred vascularized bone flap used today. The associated donor site morbidity is well-reported, including vague pain which usually presents late, and is associated with few objective clinical findings. The authors report a case in which the pain had an identifiable cause; ...
Brinker Allen D - - 2002
Quinine has been marketed in the United States (U.S.) both over-the-counter (OTC) and by prescription for numerous purposes, including malaria and muscle spasms. In 1994 and 1995, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) acted to limit the marketing of quinine based on the conclusion that no data supported its ...
Chávez Guadalupe - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Actinomycetoma is a chronic infection resulting from aerobic Actinomycetes. The major agents are Nocardia brasiliensis, Actinomadura madurae, and Streptomyces somaliensis. The most frequent topographies are the lower and upper limbs. The prognosis of this disease is determined by several factors, such as etiologic agent, clinical topography, and depth of ...
Vega-Memije María Elisa - - 2002
Objective. This study describes the clinicopathologic features and therapeutic results of 116 patients with actinic prurigo cheilitis seen over an 11-year period. Study Design. A retrospective study was carried out with hospital records and a microscopic slide review from a large dermatology department in Mexico City, Mexico. Results. The study ...
Young Douglas A - - 2002
Literature over the past decade has suggested that dental caries be treated as a curable and preventable infectious disease. The emphasis is placed on early detection and intervention, including chemical therapies and minimally invasive strategies. There are now new detection technologies commercially available to help detect carious lesions early; however, ...
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