Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1021
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Lundgren Justin M - - 2004
This report presents a case of leg pain in a recreational athlete that was caused by a stenotic lesion of an endartery branch of the popliteal artery. Isolated areas of arterial stenosis are rarely reported in the sports medicine literature as the primary cause of leg pain. This may be ...
Ton Mimi N - - 2004
The authors describe a 16-year-old boy in whom 3 episodes of sigmoid volvulus (SV) occurred over a period of 7 weeks, each time reduced by endoscopy. The child subsequently underwent a successful sigmoid resection with primary anastamosis. Several months after surgery, he remains free of symptoms and is doing well. ...
Adeyomoye A A O - - 2004
Melorheostosis of Leri is a non-familial condition of hyperostosis of the cortical bone that usually presents unilaterally in long bones of the upper and lower limbs, but may also present in vertebra, ribs, skull and jaw. The incidence of this disease is quite rare, only about 300 cases have been ...
Dufour Xavier - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Chronic invasive fungal rhinosinusitis is rare in the immunocompetent patient. Few cases have been published except for in a specific geographic area (Sudan, India). METHODS AND RESULTS: We reported two new cases of chronic invasive fungal rhinosinusitis due to Aspergillus, which was successfully treated, to analyze the different clinical, ...
Perez Richard R - - 2004
Malalignment of a triple arthrodesis can pose significant challenges to the foot and ankle surgeon. Lack of a plantigrade foot will not be well tolerated by the patient and will often require revision of the original surgery. This article presents a review of the treatment algorithm used to address this ...
Marzano A V - - 2004
We describe a male patient with rosacea who had a 2-year history of persistent bilateral oedema of the eyelids, leading to an elephantoid condition with blepharoptosis. An upper eyelid blepharoplasty was performed, but swelling progressively recurred over a few months. Based on the case history, clinical appearance and histological findings, ...
Shrader Sarah P - - 2004
A 57-year-old Caucasian woman came to the clinic with symptoms of an upper respiratory tract infection. She was treated with a 5-day course of oral azithromycin 500 mg on day 1, then 250 mg/day for 4 days. During this period, the patient decreased her cigarette smoking from 1 pack/day to ...
Luthra A - - 2004
The aetiologies of both chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and its predecessor neurasthenia, have been linked to technological advances in 'developed' countries. This paper discusses how this has led to a form of race thinking within discussions about fatigue which has persisted for more than a century. We review the historical ...
Etienne O M G - - 2004
Precision attachments are commonly used in prosthetic dentistry but are still questioned in maxillofacial prosthetics. The aesthetic enhancement and functional rigidity provided by attachments are favourable features to many challenging clinical situations such as class-III defect (Aramany's maxillectomy classification). Surgical reconstruction is the standard treatment for this type of defect ...
Schestatsky Pedro - - 2004
We report and discuss the case of a 55-year old man who presented a history of stroke as well as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. When admitted into the emergency room, he was diagnosed with a vertebro-basilar syndrome. A brain MRI showed a hyperintense area in the lower right brainstem laterally ...
Marques S G SG Núcleo de Patologia Tropical e Medicina Social, Departamento de Patologia, Universidade Federal do Maranhão, - - 2004
An unusual case is presented featuring chromoblastomycosis lesions localised in three different sites. The patient was a 52-year-old male farm worker from Barra do Corda, State of Maranhão, Brazil, who had had the disease for 2 years. Physical examination revealed extensive plaques situated on the left leg, left arm, forehead, ...
Kulatunga-Moruzi Chan - - 2004
Clinicians routinely report fewer features in a case than they subsequently agree are present. The authors report studies that assess the effect of considering a more comprehensive description than physicians usually offer. These comprehensive descriptions were generated from photographs of dermatology and internal medicine and were complete and accurate. Groups ...
Kossard Steven - - 2004
A 40-year-old woman presented with a 2-year history of intermittently pruritic pale yellow follicular papules localized to both axillae associated with decreased axillary hair growth and sweating. Skin biopsies revealed an expanded perifollicular adventitial sheath packed with xanthoma cells. There was scant lymphocytic inflammation around the follicles. Vacuolated keratinocytes were ...
McAuley Edward - - 2004
We provide a brief review of the extant research on the influence of cardiovascular fitness training on brain and cognition. The review includes an examination of the non-human animal literature that has reported molecular, cellular, and behavioral consequences of fitness interventions. We relate this literature to human studies of the ...
Awan Sohail - - 2004
Laryngomalacia is the most common cause of stridor in newborns and infants. Patients usually present with an inspiratory stridor only, although some exhibit other anomalies. To rule out other possible pathologies, bronchoscopy is advisable. However, the authors of some recent studies have advocated the use of fiberoptic laryngoscopy as a ...
Chen Chih-Jung - - 2004
Ludwig's angina is a rare but potentially lethal cellulitis of the submandibular space that occurs most often in young adults with predisposing odontogenic infection. In contrast to adult cases, most children with Ludwig's angina have no initiating factor. We report a case of Ludwig's angina in a 15-month-old boy which ...
Dada-Adegbola H O - - 2004
Gastrodiscoides hominis is a large fluke of pig and human and constitutes an important parasite of human in Assam, Indian, the Philippines and Southeast Asia. This parasite has not been reported in Nigeria and possibly other parts of Africa. This is a case report of a seven year old Nigerian ...
Santos S C L - - 2004
Aim: The evaluation of allelic losses at the FHIT and the BRCA1 genes and at three other loci at the 17q region in a series of 34 sporadic breast cancer cases from Southern Brazil. The samples were evaluated for loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at the FHIT and the BRCA1 genes ...
Chong K C - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: We describe an alternative presentation of 2 cases of femur fractures with pseudoaneurysms of the profunda femoris artery. CLINICAL PICTURE: In both cases, there is a recurrent triad of: (1) thigh swelling, (2) bleeding from the fasciotomy wound, and (3) anaemia with a falling haemoglobin trend. TREATMENT: Surgical exploration ...
Sengör Atilla - - 2004
Isolated necrotizing epiglottitis (INE) is an unusual condition that may develop in immunocompromised patients. Only 3 cases of INE have been reported in the English-language literature; this is the fourth case, one in a 27-year-old woman who had neutropenia due to cytomegalovirus infection. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia and Candida albicans were isolated ...
Richards S D - - 2004
This prospective study assessed the results of a custom-made thermoplastic splint for treatment of mallet finger deformity. From April 1999 to April 2000, 42 patients with mallet finger deformity were recruited. All patients were seen within 1 week and treated with a thermoplastic splint custom-made by the hand therapy department. ...
Mouhsine E - - 2004
The purpose of this paper is to discuss the post-traumatic overload syndrome of the os trigonum as a possible cause of posterior ankle impingement and hindfoot pain. We have reviewed 19 athletes who were referred to our foot unit between 1995 and 2001 because of posterior ankle pain, and in ...
Tsuji Masayuki - - 2004
CASE REPORT: We present a case of solitary myofibromatosis of the skull in a 4-year-old girl. Surgery was performed and the final diagnosis of myofibromatosis was made histopathologically. DISCUSSION: Solitary myofibromatosis of the skull is rare and we found approximately 20 reported cases in the English-language literature. We reviewed eight ...
Sharma B D - - 2004
Symmetrical peripheral gangrene (SPG), seen in a wide variety of medical conditions presents as symmetrical gangrene of two or more extremities without large vessel obstruction or vasculitis. Fingers, and toes (rarely nose, ear lobes or genitilia) are affected. It may manifest unpredictably in conditions associated with sepsis, low output states, ...
Usui Chie - - 2004
In this report, we present the cases of two 63-year-old women who developed high altitude cerebral edema complicated by the occurrence of permanent neuropsychiatric sequelae. They shared a similar clinical course, in that both developed disturbance of consciousness shortly after their arrival at Cuzco, Peru (3500 m), and both developed ...
Fujimoto Yasunori - - 2004
Diffuse villous hyperplasia of the choroid plexus (DVHCP) that causes hydrocephalus by overproduction of cerebrospinal fluid is a very rare lesion and difficult to diagnose initially. We present a male infant who was diagnosed with communicating hydrocephalus at 16 months of age and treated initially by ventriculoperitoneal shunt. In the ...
Alessi Elvio - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Long-lasting erythematous lesions involving the balanopreputial sac may be clinically difficult to classify, and biopsies may be performed in order to clarify the nature of the disease. However, our previous experience led us to consider several cases as histopathologically unclassifiable. OBJECTIVE: To establish the causes of such unsatisfactory findings. ...
Richardson William H - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Botulism caused by type F botulinum toxin accounts for less than 0.1% of all human botulism cases and is rarely reported in the literature. CASE REPORT: A 45-year-old woman presented to an emergency department complaining of blurred vision, difficulty focusing, and dysphagia. The treating physician initially considered the possibility ...
Crankson Stanley - - 2004
We report the case of a 7-month-old boy who presented with a history of vomiting since birth. A computed tomography study showed circumferential thickening of the lower oesophageal wall with enhancement of the mucosa. After a period of antireflux medication, the patient underwent simultaneous oesophageal dilatation and Nissen fundoplication. He ...
Chiu Wei-Yih - - 2004
Myopathy is frequently associated with thyrotoxicosis. Skeletal muscles are predominantly involved in thyrotoxic myopathy, but dysphagia is extremely rare. We report three cases of thyrotoxicosis with dysphagia and review of the literature of the past 30 years. Most of these patients had antecedent muscle weakness before the onset of dysphagia ...
Predy Gerry - - 2004
Myiasis is considered to be a condition only found in tropical, developing countries. However, this paper reports a case identified in an urban, North American setting. The clinical presentation is discussed along with the underlying comorbidities and social determinants.
Kumar Vijayalakshmi - - 2003
We report a 46-year-old Greek female with thalassemia intermedia, who presented to our hospital with end stage renal disease of unknown etiology and tophaceous gout. In addition, skeletal manifestations characteristic of thalassemia were noted with massive extramedullary hematopoiesis presenting as posterior mediastinal masses. We report the first case in English ...
Wendling Daniel - - 2003
The many causes of hemarthrosis include acquired hemophilia due to production of autoantibodies to factor VIII. We report two very different cases. CASE 1: This woman experienced onset of juvenile idiopathic arthritis at 8 years of age. Her first child was born when she was 28-years-old. Three months after delivery, ...
Sciubba James J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Orofacial granulomatosis (OFG) comprises of a group of conditions, all characterized histologically by the presence of granulomatous inflammation. METHODS: This diagnosis may be determined by exclusion from other conditions that may present with similar clinical and histopathologic features. These include Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome (MRS), Miescher's cheilitis (an oligosymptomatic form of ...
Iyer Akila V - - 2003
We describe a case of severe hyponatremia following chemotherapy administration in a patient with small-cell lung cancer. There was no evidence of the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) secretion. The clinical and laboratory findings were consistent with a sodium-wasting nephropathy complicating cisplatin administration. There are few well-documented reports of ...
Katz Kenneth A - - 2003
En coup de sabre is a type of linear scleroderma that presents on the frontal or frontoparietal scalp. The case of a 54-year-old woman with a 3 and one-half year history of en coup de sabre is presented. The clinical presentation, laboratory findings, epidemiology, etiologic hypotheses, and treatment options are ...
Leong Rupert W L - - 2003
Chylous ascites is an uncommon entity with variable causes and rarely arises from portal vein thrombosis. This is a case report of chylous ascites caused by idiopathic portal vein thrombosis that was refractory to medical therapy and shunt surgery, which showed an impressive response to treatment with subcutaneous octreotide. We ...
Haasen Christian - - 2003
Smoking cocaine hydrochloride in the form of cocarettes is a method of cocaine use that has not been described in the scientific literature so far. Nonetheless it seems to be a somewhat common method of cocaine use in order to avoid the nasal irritation. Three case reports are presented in ...
Chan Lai Peng - - 2003
We describe five cases of biopsy-proven fat necrosis and review the imaging with an emphasis on MRI. MRI showed the classically reported finding of central globular high signal intensity with a low-signal-intensity rim in only two of the five cases. We noted peripheral contrast enhancement, which to our knowledge has ...
Axman Wayne R - - 2003
This article reports on a 45-year-old woman who presented with pruritus and was diagnosed as having chigger mite infestation, a rare condition. The chigger mite larvae were encountered while the patient was traveling in South America. A small erythematous area with a well-circumscribed papule in the sulcus of the second ...
Leigh-Smith S - - 2003
A case is presented of unilateral tension pneumothorax in an awake patient who was seen in prehospital care after a significant fall. Because of extrication difficulties it was 40 minutes after the accident when he was first seen and by this stage the tension pneumothorax was well developed. Many features ...
Caruso R A - - 2004
Embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) of the female genital tract usually occurs in the vagina during childhood. In rare cases, RMS can originate in the uterine cervix, with an incidence peak in the second decade. Recent studies have suggested that it is possible to limit surgery to local excision in stage I ...
Adam David N - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Necrolytic Migratory Erythema (NME) is a rarely encountered dermatologic condition. It is the characteristic feature of a paraneoplastic syndrome associated with neuroendocrine pancreatic tumors. A case of NME initially diagnosed and treated as psoriasis is reviewed. A review of the current literature regarding NME is also included. OBJECTIVE: The ...
Aronoff David M - - 2003
Group A streptococcal (GAS) necrotizing fasciitis is a rapidly progressive soft tissue infection. Elderly and chronically ill individuals are at greatest risk, particularly when skin breakdown is present. Reports suggest that nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) increase the risk of developing GAS necrotizing fasciitis, impede its timely recognition and management, and ...
Suchi Mariko - - 2003
The majority of the most severe cases of congenital hyperinsulinism (HI) are caused by defects in the beta-cell adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive potassium channel and usually require pancreatectomy to control blood sugar levels. In contrast to the recent advances in understanding the pathophysiology and genetic bases of HI, the histologic classification ...
Rigo Manuel - - 2003
In the early international literature, up to now only very few cases are reported with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and a significant improvement of Cobb angle after conservative management. In the recent literature the possibility of an improvement of Cobb angle at skeletal maturity after brace treatment is mentioned no ...
Malis Didier-David - - 2003
Room tilt illusion is a subjective distortion of verticality with transient paradoxical rotation of the visual field, usually in the frontal plane. It might result from dysfunction of the vestibular pathways with subsequent contradictory vestibular, visual, and proprioceptive inputs and erroneous cortical integration. It has already been described in association ...
de Silva M V C - - 2003
Myositis ossificans (MO) and fibroosseous pseudotumor of digits (FP) are pseudotumoral mimics of malignancy. A review of 50 cases of MO and 14 cases of FP showed that a malignant diagnosis was suggested by referring pathologists in 23% of MO and 9% of FP. The most common misdiagnosis was osteosarcoma. ...
Dixon P M - - 2003
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: There is continuing debate on the clinical benefit of laryngoplasty (LP) in the treatment of equine laryngeal paralysis. In particular, there is little information available on the clinical value of this surgery in older horses, in non-Thoroughbreds or in sports or pleasure horses; nor on the ...
Béliard S - - 2003
Since a few years, an increasing number of cases of atypical neuroleptic-associated diabetes are reported in the literature. But few are dedicated to diabetologists. We report here two cases of patients with a severe deterioration of preexisting diabetes, with clozapine for the first case report and olanzapine for the second ...
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