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Results 201 - 250 of 1033
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Teo Wan Yee - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is an aerobic gram-negative bacillus that is a frequent coloniser of fluids used in the hospital setting. It causes infection in immunosuppressed hosts, especially those who are neutropaenic, on chemotherapy and broad spectrum antibiotics. Skin and soft tissue manifestations of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia infection are becoming an increasingly ...
Marqueling Ann L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Keratosis pilaris is a common skin disorder of childhood that often improves with age. Less common variants of keratosis pilaris include keratosis pilaris atrophicans and atrophodermia vermiculata. OBSERVATIONS: In this case series from dermatology practices in the United States, Canada, Israel, and Australia, the clinical characteristics of 27 patients ...
Carvalhana Virginia - - 2006
PURPOSE: To report a case of severe hyperkalemia successfully managed without the use of hemodialysis and to provide a review of the literature regarding the management of severe hyperkalemia. METHODS: A clinical case report from the medical-surgical intensive care unit of a teaching hospital and a literature review are presented. ...
Chertow Daniel S DS Epidemic Intelligence Service, Division of Foodborne, Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vectorborne and Enteric Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Ga, USA. - - 2006
Botulism is a potentially lethal paralytic disease caused primarily by toxins of the anaerobic, spore-forming bacterium Clostridium botulinum. Although botulinum toxin A is available by prescription for cosmetic and therapeutic use, no cases of botulism with detectable serum toxin have previously been attributed to cosmetic or therapeutic botulinum toxin injections. ...
Estefanía Fresco Ruth - - 2006
Bisphosphonates are bone-turnover modulating drugs which are used in the management of a number of bone diseases ranging from osteoporosis to neoplasic pathology-associated osteolysis. In the last years a number of cases of osteonecrosis of the jaws associated with these drugs have been reported. In this review we analyze the ...
Arora B - - 2006
A case of fibromatosis of the breast in a 30 years old female is described. Only a few cases have been previously reported. It is anticipated that fibromatosis of breast behaves in a similar fashion to fibromatosis occurring in other sites. It is a locally aggressive lesion which exhibits a ...
Scagni P - - 2006
Benign paroxysmal torticollis of infancy is a benign, rare, probably under-recognised disorder, characterized by recurrent episodes of head tilting. The diagnosis is primarily one of pattern recognition and exclusion of alternatives conditions; other symptoms, such as vomiting, pallor and eyes' rotation, may be associated with or rapidly follow the attack, ...
Machinis Theofilos G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) constitutes a well-described clinical entity, classically entailing characteristic edematous lesions on imaging studies in a patient with altered mental status, visual disturbances, headache, and seizures. PRES is reversible in the vast majority of cases, although progression to ischemia and hemorrhage has been documented. METHODS: ...
Zaitz Clarisse - - 2006
The present report describes a case of onychoprotothecosis caused by Prototheca wickerhamii in a nonimmunocompromized female. Dermatological examination showed yellowish discoloration of the left and right forefinger nails, showing onicolysis and hyperkeratosis. The repeated isolation of the algae Prototheca (organisms morula-like) as well as the repeated culture in media, Sabouraud ...
Lucato L T - - 2006
A 35-year-old woman presented with neurotoxicity correlated to an i.v. regimen of 5-fluorouracil as episodes of acute confusional state and abnormalities of symmetrically restricted diffusion in the periventricular white matter and corpus callosum. On discontinuing the medication, the areas of severely restricted diffusion had entirely resolved, with minimal residual T2 ...
Ceppa Eugene P - - 2007
Pilomyxoid astrocytoma (PMA) is a rare glioma that shares histopathological similarities with pilocytic astrocytoma (PA). Yet, typical examples of both can be distinguished on clinical and histological grounds. The reported aggressive behavior of PMA provides a rationale for distinguishing this entity from typical PA. We report a 6(1/2) -year-old girl ...
Gruis K L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Macrophagic myofasciitis (MMF) is a rare inflammatory myopathy characterized by accumulation of perifascicular macrophages without muscle fiber necrosis. Few sporadic pediatric cases have been described, and MMF is recognized as a possible reaction to intramuscular injections of aluminum-containing vaccines. The association of MMF and motor delay is unclear in ...
Marunick Mark - - 2006
Osteonecrosis of the jaws following the use of bisphosphonate drugs has been reported in the literature. Presently, there is limited evidence to establish guidelines for the prosthodontic management of patients with active osteonecrosis, a history of osteonecrosis, or medical history of using these medications. This clinical report reviews the current ...
Gow Kenneth W - - 2006
Gastroschisis is a periumbilical, abdominal wall defect arising to the right of the umbilicus. We describe the clinical course of a left-sided gastroschisis in a term female born at 39 weeks' gestation. To our knowledge, there have been only 14 left-sided abdominal wall defects reported in the literature. We discuss ...
Dogru Salim - - 2006
Juvenile spring eruption is a photodermatosis characterized by the development of papules and vesicles on the light-exposed helix of the ears after sun exposure, usually in the springtime. It mainly affects boys and young male adults, and has a tendency to occur in the form of small epidemics. We report ...
Al-Mutairi Nawaf - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Milia en plaque (MEP) is a rare form of milia. Only 25 cases of this rare condition have been reported to date (MEDLINE search). Only one previous case of MEP has been treated with electrodesiccation. OBJECTIVE: To report a new case of this rare condition and present the outcome ...
Negrin Arianna - - 2006
Cerebellar degeneration (abiotrophy) (CD) is a spontaneous and accelerated degeneration of one or several mature cerebellar neuronal cell populations and has been described in many domestic animals, especially in dogs, with numerous breed-related cases. In cats, CD is mentioned as a rare sporadic entity. Late onset CDs are exceptionally uncommon ...
Oliveira Pedro Dantas - - 2006
Herpes zoster affects 10-20% of the general population. Motor complications sometimes occur in the segments corresponding to the involved sensory dermatomes causing abdominal wall pseudohernias. We present a case of a 57-year-old woman with herpes zoster characteristical rash following T11-T12 right dermatomes. Ten days after dermatologic manifestations onset, she had ...
Jain Deepali - - 2006
Necrotizing fasciitis is most often associated with bacterial infections. Zygomycosis is an uncommon infection causing necrotizing fasciitis. We report 18 such cases of zygomycotic necrotizing fasciitis, of these, 15 were immunocompetent. Of the eight cases cultured, five were positive for Apophysomyces elegans. A retrospective case review conducted at a tertiary ...
Teoh A Y B - - 2006
Chromobacterium violaceum rarely causes infection in humans and its mechanism of pathogenicity is not well understood. Human infection carries a high mortality rate with a fulminating clinical progression. A high index of suspicion is required for diagnosis, and is based on recovering the organisms from blood cultures or other appropriate ...
Humphrey C Scott - - 2006
We present what we think is the first documented occurrence of osteonecrosis of the capitate in a skeletally immature patient. Atraumatic osteonecrosis of the capitate is rare, and all reported cases have occurred in adults. Our pediatric patient was treated with observation and limited immobilization. He achieved a full recovery ...
Price Eroston A - - 2006
Subcutaneous injections of inert or quasi-inert plastic material designed to smooth out wrinkled skin or to create a more esthetically sought appearance have become very popular with the American public in general, and, in particular, with certain groups highly focused on their physical image. The case of the injection procedure ...
Chonlahan Jennifer - - 2006
A 61-year-old Caucasian woman receiving long-term anticoagulation with warfarin for recurrent thromboembolism and atrial fibrillation was found to have an elevated international normalized ratio (INR) after she started leflunomide therapy for rheumatoid arthritis. Her INR had been stable for 4 months before this event. The patient required an overall decrease ...
Braga Bruno P - - 2006
Cavernous malformations of the brainstem (CMB) occur less commonly in children than in adults. Their appearance is even rarer in infants, with only five cases reported in the literature. The authors report two additional cases in which giant CMBs were diagnosed in two infants, one when the patient was 1 ...
García Muret M Pilar - - 2006
Four patients presenting a peculiar clinical variant of erythema annulare centrifugum are reported. The lesions were clinically and histopathologically indistinguishable from classic superficial erythema annulare centrifugum but constant annual and seasonal recurrences for many years or decades were observed. No clear precipitating factor could be identified. No associated symptoms were ...
Min Hye Sook - - 2006
Large cell/anaplastic (LC/A) medulloblastoma (MB) is a recently recognized variant of medulloblastoma known to be associated with an advanced stage and a poor prognosis. Although Eberhart et al. suggested histopathologic grading of medulloblastoma in 2002, no consensus has been reached in terms of determining the criteria of an LC/A variant, ...
Gamm David M - - 2006
PURPOSE: This study was designed to report a case of biopsy-proven mucous membrane pemphigoid with severe bronchial involvement in a young woman. METHODS: Case report of a 17-year-old girl who presented with worsening dyspnea, skin rash, and bilateral ocular injection, symblepharon, and fornix foreshortening. Conjunctival, skin, and bronchial biopsies were ...
Bakhtar Omid - - 2006
Postmortem dissection of the 18-week male conceptus, product of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), demonstrated the hallmark findings of sirenomelia. The lower legs were fused and the left knee was rotated medially. Internal organs showed hypoplastic lungs, a multicystic kidney, and unilateral ureteral hypoplasia. The vitelline artery was absorbed, in a ...
Neves Fabricio de Souza Fde - - 2007
One patient with dermatomyositis (DM) who developed spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPnM) is described. A review of 15 previously reported cases shows that this is a complication of DM but not of polymyositis. It occurs in young patients with recent onset of disease characterized by cutaneous vasculopathy, and patients treated with immunosuppressive ...
Tinmouth Jill - - 2006
BACKGROUND & AIMS: In 2003, a sharp increase in cases of lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) caused by Chlamydia trachomatis in men who have sex with men was reported in Europe and, recently, cases of LGV have been reported in North America. METHODS: We reviewed 3 cases of LGV proctitis recently diagnosed ...
Achinger Steven G - - 2006
Dysnatremias are a common clinical entity that are often associated with poor outcomes. This review takes a case study approach to understand how dysnatremias can result in devastating neurologic consequences. Concrete guidelines are provided for prevention, early recognition and treatment along with a discussion of how urinary electrolytes and osmolality ...
Mazokopakis Elias - - 2006
Eosinophilic gastroenteritis is a rare heterogeneous disorder of undetermined etiology that is characterized by eosinophilic infiltration of the gastrointestinal tissues and various clinical manifestations. We report an uncommon case of eosinophilic gastroenteritis involving a patient with a short history of mild upper abdominal pain, severe peripheral eosinophilia (absolute eosinophil count ...
Levavi Hanoch - - 2006
PURPOSE: To describe a case of bilateral labial edema in an adolescent patient and review the literature on this rare occurrence. MATERIAL: A 16-year-old girl was treated for widespread genital condyloma acuminata with CO(2) laser under general anesthesia and local lidocaine injections. Severe bilateral labial edema occurred after 48 hours. ...
Poblet Enrique - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA) is an acquired scarring alopecia currently considered a clinical variant of lichen planopilaris (LPP). Our purpose was to examine the clinicopathological features of FFA. In addition, we investigated the similarities and differences between FFA and LPP. METHODS: Biopsies from the scalp lesions of eight patients ...
Harissi-Dagher Mona - - 2006
In India and Southeast Asia, rhinosporidiosis is a common infectious disease, but it has rarely been reported in western countries. Infrequently, isolated ocular rhinosporidial infections have been reported, but to our knowledge, there are no reported cases in Canada. Two cases of rhinosporidiosis have been recently diagnosed and managed at ...
Alper Fatih - - 2006
PURPOSE: Dysphagia lusoria (DL) is described in the literature as difficulty in swallowing caused by vascular abnormalities. The most common cause is an aberrant right subclavian artery (SCA) which passes behind the esophagus and is also called arteria lusoria (AL). Our aim was to demonstrate the use of multidetector computed ...
Vakis A - - 2006
Hemiballism is a rare movement disorder which is due to lesion or malfunction of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) and its connections, according to various neurophysiological data. Various causes of this condition have been described, usually related to basal ganglia dysfunction. There are only three references in the literature of traumatic ...
Suri Rajeev - - 2006
We report on a series of 10 consecutive cases of superficial femoral and popliteal artery atherectomy with the SilverHawk device, carried out for the treatment of peripheral vascular atherosclerosis. All cases were done with the use of a distal embolic protection device. Debris were retrieved in the filter in each ...
Haggis P - - 2006
Compartment syndrome is a rare complication of total knee arthroplasty that requires early recognition and prompt decompression in order to prevent long-term disability. We have found only one previous case report in the literature. We present a series of seven cases from four hospitals and five surgeons. Six of the ...
Small Bruce W - - 2006
Excellence in restorative dentistry requires teamwork between the patient, dentist, and laboratory technician. This can occur only when there is mutual trust and respect. Many years ago (and in some cases still today), the technician was denigrated and also blamed for the lack of excellence in fit, occlusion, and shade. ...
Khanani Muhammad Faisal - - 2006
Pilomyxoid astrocytoma (PMA), a recently described variant of low-grade astrocytoma is associated with a high rate of recurrence and a propensity for CSF seeding. While cases of PMA have been reported in infants and young children, there has been no report of PMA in patients with neurofibromatosis. The first reportable ...
Clarkson Priscilla M - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Exertional rhabdomyolysis has been well characterized, and many case reports exist. No cases of exertional rhabdomyolysis in young healthy children (preteen) have been published. CASE SUMMARY: Reviewed were the medical records of a 12-yr-old boy who participated in an indoor physical education class where excessive (>250) repetitive squat jumps ...
Chang Hee Jin - - 2006
Mesenchymal hamartoma (MH) of the liver is an uncommon benign lesion related to ductal plate malformation. It is usually cystic and mainly composed of myxoid mesenchymal tissue with tortuous or cystic bile ducts. In order to characterize the clinicopathological features of MH, the Korean Gastrointestinal Pathology Study Group collected a ...
Yildirim Y - - 2006
To report on possible adverse interaction between capecitabine and warfarin in a patient with cancer, who developed subconjunctival and nose bleeding during treatment with these drugs and review of the previously reported five cases in the literature. In the second week of capecitabine treatment the patient was hospitalized owing to ...
Adiga Giridhar U - - 2006
Adverse drug reactions are common and contribute to significant mortality and morbidity. We report a case study of an elderly woman who manifested with uncommon reversible renal tubular defects following the use of escitalopram. She was initially seen for worsening symptoms of depression and started on escitalopram in addition to ...
Sobieszczyk Slawomir - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This paper presents an analysis of 25 patient cases in which recombinant factor VIIa was used in the management of postpartum hemorrhage, including severe and/or life-threatening bleeds. Anecdotal experiences in the empirical use of this agent are described and dosing regimens, effects on bleeding, and safety data are presented. ...
Martins W D - - 2006
Summary. Background. This report describes the case of a patient with focal epithelial hyperplasia (FEH), a rare but distinctive entity of viral aetiology with characteristic clinical and histopathological features. Case report. The condition is usually seen in children and adolescents of American Indian and Eskimo background. Surgical removal of papillomatous ...
Rodway George W - - 2006
Despite the presence of a number of anecdotal reports in the mountaineering literature, mucociliary dysfunction at high altitude has received little scientific attention. However, the dry, cold, thin air at high altitude has the potential to undermine normal mucociliary function. This seems increasingly likely in mountaineers who also experience dehydration, ...
Gallardo Mark J - - 2006
PURPOSE: To report cases of ocular argyrosis that developed after long-term self-application of commercially available eyelash tint. DESIGN: Observational case series. METHODS: Case review, clinicopathologic analysis, and literature review. RESULTS: Three patients developed ocular argyrosis after the long-term self-application of Revlon Professional Roux Lash and Brow Tint (Colomer USA Corp, ...
Luck Peter - - 2006
Evidence exists that when a person is required to position him/herself to the right or left of another during a face-to-face encounter, the orientation chosen is influenced by the biases of visual attention. It is also known that such attentive biases may be disturbed in states of anxiety and depression. ...
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