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Raaijmaakers Martijn - - 2008
Ochronotic arthropathy is a rare condition found in patients with alkaptonuria. Due to the accumulation of homogentisic acid, cartilages get a dark discoloration and become brittle and more vulnerable to mechanical stress (Centinus et al. Rheumatol Int 3:127-131, 2004; Hamdi et al. Int Orthop 23:122-125, 1999; Phornphutkul, N Engl J ...
Zappe Björn - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Propionibacterium species are common inhabitants of the skin and usually non-pathogenic for humans. However, Propionibacterium spp. can occasionally cause infections, but are estimated to play a minor role in prosthetic joint infections (PJI). The relative frequency of these anaerobes and their potential to cause surgical site infection may be ...
Wagner J N - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Downbeat nystagmus (DBN) is the most common form of acquired involuntary ocular oscillation overriding fixation. According to previous studies, the cause of DBN is unsolved in up to 44% of cases. We reviewed 117 patients to establish whether analysis of a large collective and improved diagnostic means would reduce ...
Lobão Denise S - - 2007
Idiopathic or hereditary gingival fibromatosis is a benign oral disorder characterized by enlargement of the oral gingival tissues. This article describes a case of a female child who exhibited a generalized gingival overgrowth in both arches at birth. Other causes of gingival overgrowth and the clinical, radiographic, and histopathologic characteristics ...
Jemmott Timothy - - 2007
We describe a case of ainhum, a mutilating condition, usually seen in peoples of West African origin. A patient presented at the Diabetic Foot Clinic, Kings College Hospital, with a painful infected ulcer between the fourth and fifth toe of his right foot. He was a 43-year-old Nigerian and did ...
Newton H B - - 2007
Neurological signs and symptoms are common in recreational divers with decompression illness (DCI). The spectrum of neurological manifestations, temporal profile, and laboratory findings are described in a large series of 200 consecutive recreational divers treated for DCI. The Hyperbaric Medicine Unit charts of 200 recreational divers treated for DCI were ...
Auluck Ajit - - 2007
Leukoplakic lesion is not uncommon in clinical practice but its occurrence as a component of a syndrome is rare. Dyskeratosis congenita is a rare genodermatosis, which is characterized by triad of skin pigmentation, nail dystrophy and leukoplakic lesion in the oral cavity. It is important for dentists to now about ...
Chandler M L - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to review and characterise the clinical presentation of young boxer dogs with chronic kidney disease referred to the authors' institutions. METHODS: Records were collected retrospectively from 37 boxer dogs, less than five years of age, which had presented with azotaemia, inappropriately low urine ...
O'Dwyer D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We present two cases of pneumomediastinum in patients who presented to the accident and emergency department of a large teaching hospital. One case had a history of inhalational drug abuse, which may have contributed to the event, while the other had no obvious precipitating factors. AIMS: To evaluate the ...
Al-Brahim Nabeel - - 2007
Lipomembranous panniculitis is a peculiar type of fat necrosis and has been reported with several clinical conditions, commonly with peripheral vascular diseases. We are reporting a case of a 68-year-old woman with known liver cirrhosis and diabetes who presented with painful erythematous swelling of the right leg. Histological examination revealed ...
Sayer Robyn A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Clitoroplasty, especially in an adult, is a rare procedure. The goals of clitoroplasty are to achieve a normal genital appearance and to preserve sensation with a satisfactory sexual response. CASES: We present two cases of acquired clitoromegaly. Case 1 is a 46-year-old woman with clitoromegaly caused by an androgen-producing ...
Rossi Enrica - - 2007
We report the case of an 8-year-old boy with a red cell membrane disorder who developed, soon after undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy and splenectomy, complete thrombosis of the right branch and a partial occlusion of the left branch of the portal vein. The child was affected by a right hemiparesis because ...
Ganeshalingham Anusha - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of bilateral upper extremity edema associated with amlodipine use in a child. CASE SUMMARY: A previously well and normotensive 6-year-old girl presented with a generalized vasculitis of unknown origin and severe hypertension. Large vessels predominantly affecting the neck, chest, and abdomen were found to be ...
Malden N J - - 2007
Bisphosphonate associated osteonecrosis of the jaws (BONJ) has been well documented recently in relation to intravenous preparations of the drug. These are most commonly used as part of the management of hypercalcaemia of malignancy and metastatic bone disease but BONJ can also occur in association with oral bisphosphonate use. The ...
Haught Justin M - - 2007
"Xanthoderma" is a term that describes a yellow to orange macular discoloration of the skin. The cause of this finding ranges from benign to potentially life-threatening disease. To date the literature fails to comprehensively review the various causes and workup of this clinical manifestation. This article discusses the etiopathogenesis of ...
Sekine Ryuichi R Pain and Palliative Care Service, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, - - 2007
Recent case reports have raised concerns about the potential for methadone to prolong the QTc interval (QT corrected for heart rate) and predispose patients to torsade de pointes (TdP), a life-threatening arrhythmia. We present a case report that describes the successful use of parenteral and oral methadone in a patient ...
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Zimmermann Amy - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: This case report describes perhaps the youngest case of neuropathic arthropathy (NA) in an upper extremity documented in a patient with myelomeningocele. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: This case report describes presenting symptoms, results of radiologic work-up, treatment approach and functional outcome thus far. Included is a clinical picture of ...
Patel S S - - 2007
Hyperprolactinaemia is a common condition with varied aetiology. It is more frequent in women, but also seen in men and even in adolescence and childhood. Prolactin is mainly a lactogenic hormone but has other actions. Most cases present with amenorrhoea and infertility and are managed by gynaecologists. However, multidisciplinary involvement ...
Flint James H - - 2007
Bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation and periosteal chondroma are rare, benign, bony lesions that may present in the hand. Bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation was first reported in the literature by Nora in 1983, and periosteal chondroma was first reported by Lichtenstein in 1952. This report provides a unique side-by-side comparison of ...
Hussein Mahmoud R - - 2007
Basidiobolus ranarum is a fungus found in the dung of amphibians, reptiles, and insectivorous bats. Its structural elements include both hyphae and zygospores. Patients with B. ranarum infection may present with subcutaneous, gastrointestinal, or systemic lesions. Here we report a case of gastrointesinal badidiomycosis in a 13-year-old male child who ...
Nieri Andrea - - 2007
Around 3% of the individuals with painful ophthalmoplegia have bilateral complaints. In the vast majority of these cases, appropriate investigation demonstrates a secondary etiology, and we are not aware of idiopathic cases reported. Herein we report a case of bilateral ophthalmoplegia where extensive investigation did not suggest a secondary cause.
Tardy J - - 2007
Whereas International Headache society (IHS) criteria of carotidynia were defined in 1988, its validity as a distinct nosological entity has recently been questioned, leading this entity to be removed from the second IHS classification in 2004. We report the case of a 30-year-old woman who developed a pain located at ...
Kim Kiup A - - 2007
PURPOSE: Clostridium difficile enteritis is a rare infection, with less than a dozen cases reported in the literature. We present a case of a patient with total proctocolectomy and ileostomy, developing Clostridium difficile infection of small bowel. We discuss the role of Clostridium difficile toxins and review previously reported cases ...
Daniels K - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We report a rare case of otophyma. METHOD: A case report of otophyma and a review of the current literature concerning otophyma and the more common rhinophyma, are presented. RESULTS: A 46-year-old male presented with slow growing fleshy growths on both auricles which were excised. A diagnosis of otophyma ...
Gau Jen-Tzer - - 2007
Persistent megacolon that results from frequent episodes of fecal impaction without adequate treatment is a rare and seldom reported condition in the elderly. This report discusses a 72-year-old white woman presenting with a large abdominal mass, who had at least 4 episodes of radiographically demonstrated fecal impaction over the previous ...
Ahmad Imran - - 2007
PURPOSE: With current diagnostic modalities the proportion of patients diagnosed with idiopathic hemospermia has decreased dramatically. The dilemma now is how far to investigate these patients since in the majority it is a benign and self-limiting symptom. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the literature on hemospermia with particular emphasis on ...
Marasco Silvana F - - 2007
Ecstasy, also known as MDMA (3,4, methylenedioxymethamphetamine), is a popular illicit party drug amongst young adults. The drug induces a state of euphoria secondary to its stimulant activity in the central nervous system. A database review at two major inner city hospitals was undertaken to identify patients presenting with pneumomediastinum ...
Brumwell Eric P - - 2007
Keratosis circumscripta, also known as psoriasis circumscripta with palmoplantar keratosis, is a rarely reported condition that manifests as well-circumscribed lesions consisting of grouped folliculocentric papules on the elbows, knees, neck, sacrum, posterior axillary folds, and hips. This condition typically begins in childhood and has been shown to improve, but not ...
Kanwar Amrinder J - - 2007
Plica neuropathica is a rare acquired condition of sudden onset characterized by irreversible tangling of hair. It is sparsely reported in the literature, though it does not seem to be uncommon, at least in Hindu-religious persons of India. However, it has not been previously reported in patients as young as ...
Murata Kumi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We report on a case of cerebral sparganosis that was correctly identified by a biopsy 10 years after the initial infection. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 62-year-old man presented with an unusual case of cerebral sparganosis mansoni. He was admitted to our hospital for removal of a right frontal meningioma. Computed ...
Del Pozo Jesús - - 2007
Pustular dermatosis of the dorsal hands is a peculiar variant of Sweet's syndrome described by Strutton et al. Nevertheless, not all authors accept this entity. We present a retrospective study of eight cases of neutrophilic vasculitis of the hands. Three patients presented with lesions only on the dorsal hands, three ...
Szeinuk Jaime - - 2007
Chronic exposure to talc in the course of carpet installation can result in pneumoconiosis. We present a case of a young carpet installer who was diagnosed with silicatosis of the lung. Review of occupational history revealed that the patient had been working as a carpet installer for approximately 15 years, ...
Hamed S A - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is the most common helminthic infection of the central nervous system. It is a major public health problem in developing countries, however, rarely reported in Saudi Arabia. As far as our knowledge, this is the first case report of NCC in Saudi Arabia. An increasing number of ...
Rogers Natasha M - - 2007
Calcific uremic arteriolopathy (CUA) is a rare but serious life-threatening complication of CRF that manifests as painful nonhealing eschars in association with panniculitis and dermal necrosis. This condition is being increasingly recognized and reported as a contributing factor to death in dialysis patients. The pathognomic lesion is vascular calcification with ...
Ma Hui-Jun - - 2007
Unilateral linear capillaritis (ULC) is a rare special variation of pigmented purpuric dermatosis (PPD), which is characterized clinically by linear or segmental distribution of pigmented purpuric macules located predominantly on the lower extremities and showing a favorable prognosis. In this case report, we describe two unusual cases of ULC, in ...
Krunic Aleksandar L - - 2007
Favus is an uncommon pattern of dermatophytic infection of the scalp, glabrous skin and nails. We report the first documented case of favus of the scalp caused by Microsporum canis in an immunocompetent 8-year-old girl. The classic and various atypical clinical presentations of favus are discussed, as well as a ...
Chawla Jatinder Mohan - - 2007
Pseudohypacusis is a condition where there is hearing loss without any organic etiology. Though this condition has been reported long before, the literature exists mainly in the form of case reports. An interesting aspect of pseudohypacusis is of patients presenting with unilateral pseudohypacusis. In children, there often exist underlying psychological ...
Tang Yu Ming - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to illustrate and review the MRI appearance of histologically proven cases of bone marrow necrosis (BMN) and to review the literature on this clinicopathologic entity with emphasis on its distinction from avascular necrosis (AVN) of bone. BMN is a rare clinicopathologic entity separate from ...
Merhi Zaher O - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To increase awareness of the potential to cause virilization in postmenopausal woman secondary to a spouse's use of topical androgen. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University-affiliated teaching hospital. PATIENT(S): A 63-year-old postmenopausal woman with virilization. INTERVENTION(S): Removal of the source of androgen exposure. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Regression of the biochemical ...
Khachemoune Amor - - 2007
Pityriasis lichenoides (PL) is an uncommon, acquired spectrum of skin conditions that poses various challenges to patients as well as clinicians. It is a difficult and debatable disorder to diagnose, categorize, and treat. Besides these inherent obstacles, PL merits awareness because of its potential to progress to cutaneous lymphoma or ...
Singh Iqbal - - 2007
We describe and report two cases of bilateral symptomatic ureterocele with calculi in two young adult women. They were successfully managed endoscopically by a transverse meatotomy and stone extraction done bilaterally in a single operative session. The 6th month postoperative voiding cystourethrogram showed no reflux. The literature regarding the incidence, ...
Yi Shuang-Qin - - 2007
The authors report a rare variation, a common celiacomesenteric trunk, which was observed during routine dissection of an 89-year-old Japanese female cadaver in the laboratory of the Anatomy Department. The trunk gave rise to left gastric, common hepatic, splenic and superior mesenteric arteries. The developmental significance of this variation is ...
Anbar T S - - 2007
The diagnosis of crusted scabies is becoming more relevant due to the increase in number of immunocompromised patients. To date, more than 200 cases have been reported in the literature. However, crusted scabies seems to be under-diagnosed because of its unusual presentations. In this case series we present history, clinical ...
Akatsu Tomotaka - - 2007
We report a rare case of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma associated with old infestation of Schistosoma japonicum. The patient was a 76-year-old Japanese man who had lived his childhood in an endemic area of this parasite. He presented with jaundice and computed tomography showed a 4-cm, hypodense tumor in segment VIII of ...
Patel Shaily - - 2007
Palmoplantar keratodermas (PPKs) are a diverse entity of disorders that are characterized by abnormal thickening of the skin on the palms and soles. Traditionally they have been classified as either hereditary or acquired and are distinguished from each other on the basis of mode of inheritance, presence of transgrediens (defined ...
Al-Sebeih Khalid - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to investigate the presence and nature of granulomatous changes in the adenotonsillar tissues and their relation to systemic disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was a retrospective clinicopathological review; 21,410 specimens of tonsil and adenoid tissue were subjected to histological examination during the period from ...
Marsh Neville - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Five cases of illegitimate bite by captive specimens of the Gaboon viper (Bitis gabonica) snake have demonstrated the dangers of keeping exotic African snakes in captivity. CASE SERIES: Four cases necessitated hospitalization for the bite and were characterized by progressive swelling of the affected limb, local necrosis and hemorrhagic ...
Chaniotakis I - - 2007
One month after the onset of immunosuppressive treatment with corticosteroids and mycophenolate mofetil for a newly diagnosed pemphigus vulgaris, a 50-year-old female patient developed a new eruption clinically and histomorphologically consistent with eruptive pseudoangiomatosis (EP). Its self-limited course further confirmed this diagnosis. Although initially described as a paediatric eruption, meanwhile ...
Sharif Suhail - - 2006
Ischemic injury to the rectum is rare owing to its rich vascular supply, and is seldom seen in clinical practice. Risk factors include major vascular occlusive disease, disruption of collateral circulation, and low flow state. It is of paramount importance to diagnose this entity early in its course. Although CT ...
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