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Romano C - - 2008
Malassezia may play a role in several dermatoses. It is responsible for foliculitis and mainly for pityriasis versicolor. Pityriasis versicolor is the most known dermatitis because of its clinical aspects and frequently for its poor response to the therapy, mainly in chronic forms. The clinical aspects of uncommon and rare ...
Ritchie Stephen R - - 2008
Ezetimibe is a cholesterol-lowering agent that modulates intestinal absorption of sterols. It is well tolerated but hepatic toxicity has been reported when ezetimibe is used in conjunction with a statin medication. In this case report, we report severe isolated hyperbilirubinaemia occurring in a patient with occult cirrhosis, probably owing to ...
Bozkurt Mehmet - - 2008
Snakebites are common among the rural population of developing countries. The severity of venomous snakebites depends on several factors, including the location of the bite, the amount of venom injected, and the effectiveness of the initial therapy. Snakebites frequently occur in the extremities with approximately two thirds of envenomations occurring ...
Bockenhauer Detlef - - 2008
Phaeochromocytoma is a rare cause of hypertension in children, but important to be recognised, as hypertension can be severe and surgery is often curative. Here, we report on a 7-year-old boy with a phaeochromocytoma, who had normal levels of commonly assayed catecholamine metabolites in the urine. Postoperatively, the patient developed ...
Natali Alessandro - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Male circumcision is a common surgical technique that has been performed worldwide for thousands of years for medical, social, cultural, and religious reasons. It is usually conducted in childhood in a clinical setting, but the practice of adult self-circumcision has led to a market for nonmedically approved self-circumcision devices ...
Yamada Chisa - - 2008
Persistent corneal epithelial defects (CEDs) are caused by many diseases that are usually associated with decreased production of tears or reduced corneal sensitivity. Although surgical treatments are available for severe cases, CEDs are still difficult for ophthalmologists to treat. One treatment for CEDs that is uncommonly used in the United ...
Seckin Dilek - - 2008
Pigmented purpuric dermatoses are a group of chronic, recurrent disorders characterized by purpuric lesions mainly involving the lower extremities. Their etiology is unknown. Treatment options are limited and none of them have proven benefit. Phototherapy has been reported to be effective in a small number of patients in the literature. ...
McMonnies Charles W - - 2008
PURPOSE: Individual case reports (observational or interventional) are thought to have a very low ranking for evidentiary significance. This clinical report examines the relationship between the evidentiary significance of case reports and their presentation. METHODS: An observational report of unilateral keratoconus (KC), that developed in association with a corresponding unilateral ...
Ramocki Melissa B - - 2008
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 typically presents in adulthood with progressive ataxia, dysarthria, tremor, and slow saccadic eye movements. Childhood-onset spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 is rare, and only the infantile-onset form has been well characterized clinically. This article describes a girl who met all developmental milestones until age 3(1/2) years, when ...
Onderoglu Lutfu Sabri - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To present an endometrial osseous metaplasia case and reemphasize that the condition is a cause of secondary infertility. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in a university hospital in Turkey. PATIENT(S): A 33-year-old multiparous woman was admitted to our institution with secondary infertility that had lasted ...
Facheris Maurizio Francesco - - 2008
Pure akinesia (PA) is a rare neurodegenerative condition that may represent a limited expression of progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). Only a few pathological studies have been reported and its classification remains unclear. We report the case of a 57-year-old Caucasian man who was initially clinically diagnosed with classical PA. After ...
de Lagausie Pascal - - 2008
Total amputation of the penis is very rare in a child. This article presents a case of a traumatic penile amputation at the base of the perineum, with scissors, in a 4-year-old child. Six hours after the aggression, the penis was replanted. Three weeks after the intervention, except for skin ...
Paniz-Mondolfi A-E AE Laboratorio de Estudio de Antígenos, Instituto de Biomedicina/Hospital 'José Gregorio Hernández', Instituto Venezolano de los Seguros - - 2008
Chromoblastomycosis is a chronic infection caused by dematiaceous (dark-colored) fungi which affect the skin and subcutaneous tissues, and is characterized by a wide variety of clinical and dermatological features including papillomatous, verrucous and vegetating lesions. Although it has been described world-wide, most cases originate in tropical and sub-tropical areas. In ...
Thomas A - - 2009
Many medicines available over the counter from pharmacies are known to have abuse potential, including diphenhydramine (DPH), an antihistamine with antimuscarinic properties used for the treatment of insomnia. We present a brief review of the literature describing DPH abuse, and report the case of GF, a 56 year old woman ...
Wong Lara - - 2008
Reninoma is a tumor of the renal juxtaglomerular cell apparatus that causes hypertension and hypokalemia via hypersecretion of renin. We describe a case of reninoma and provide a review of the literature, with a discussion emphasizing the diagnostic evaluation for such patients. The subject had persistent elevation of both plasma ...
Teber Serap - - 2008
We report a 3-month-old male with infantile hypophosphatasia who later developed Pseudotumor cerebri. At the age of 3 months, he was referred to our hospital because of pneumonia and respiratory insufficiency. He had short extremities, and radiographs of the bones were consistent with lack of metaphyseal mineralization and bowed lower ...
Smith Richard A - - 2008
Axillosubclavian vein thrombosis is seen relatively infrequently in clinical practice when compared with lower limb deep-venous thrombosis; however, it is a condition that can result in significant morbidity if managed suboptimally. A multimodal treatment approach has been increasingly adopted with thrombolysis and/or thoracic outlet decompression being favored over anticoagulation alone, ...
Carlson J Andrew - - 2008
Phymas (swellings, masses, or bulbs) are considered the end-stage of rosacea and mostly affect the nose (rhinophyma), and rarely involve the chin (gnatophyma), the cheek (metophyma), eyelids (blepharophyma), or ears (otophyma). Herein, we report the case of a 57-year-old man who developed unilateral enlargement of his left ear over 2 ...
Kumar Sanjeev - - 2008
Agressive angiomyxoma is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm. It mainly presents in females. We here present a case of angiomyxoma presenting as huge abdominal lump along with gluteal swelling. Case note is described along with brief review of literature.
Dick Matthew H - - 2008
The cheilostome bryozoan genus Monoporella is poorly resolved taxonomically; only four Recent species have been formally described, though several undescribed species have been reported in the literature. The literature indicates no more than five species in the genus occurring in any local region of the world, with one to three ...
Pirard Delphine - - 2008
The incidence of the post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) is increasing along with the incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). The overall frequency of PTS ranges from 20 percent to 50 percent of DVT patients; severe PTS, which includes leg ulcers, occurs in a quarter of cases. Because of its severity and ...
Kanechorn Na Ayuthaya Rajyani - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Ehlers-Danlos syndrome has many subtypes. The vascular type (type IV) is characterized by thin, translucent skin, easy bruising, characteristic facial appearance, and arterial, intestinal, and/or uterine fragility. OBJECTIVES: To encourage a better understanding of vascular EDS as a basis for early diagnosis, prevention, and management of complications. A first ...
Hekal Ihab A - - 2008
Introduction. The incidence of priapism in adults is higher than in children. Although approximately 50% of all episodes of priapism are thought to be idiopathic, there are a number of known specific causes of this disorder. In adults intracavernous therapy with papaverine, phentolamine, alprostadil or combinations of these agents is ...
Sailon Alexander M - - 2008
Objective: This study describes a case of nodular fasciitis involving the hand and reviews the neoplasm's pertinent clinical, histologic, and pathologic features. Methods: The patient's chart, operative record, histologic specimens, and relevant literature were reviewed. Results: We report a case of nodular fasciitis involving the hand of a 55-year-old woman ...
Strofilas Alexandros - - 2008
Emphysematous pyelonephritis is a gas-producing necrotizing bacterial infection that involves the renal parenchyma and perirenal tissue. We report on a case of a 55 year old Caucasian male with no prior medical history presented with left flank pain and malaise. He was diagnosed with emphysematous pyelonephritis, and was successfully treated ...
Parikh Rupen - - 2008
Lay (non-medical) injection of silicone may lead to serious clinical consequences. Most reports of illicit cosmetic procedures have dealt with failed, lay attempts at breast augmentation. Although these procedures have resulted in severe pneumonitis and alveolar hemorrhage, reports of similar complication after lay attempts at buttock augmentation have been sparse. ...
Altay Mustafa - - 2008
Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) is a multiorgan disorder affecting mainly the skin, the eyes, and the cardiovascular system. A 51-year-old woman was admitted to our clinic complaining of weakness and swelling of her legs for the past two years. She had a proteinuria of 7.29 g/24 h. Renal biopsy was performed, ...
Mahadevan A - - 2008
Central nervous system manifestations of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in children differ strikingly from adults. Developmental delay, subacute AIDS encephalitis and basal ganglia calcification are common in children, in contrast to opportunistic infections and dementia in adults. Intracranial aneurysms are being recognized with increasing frequency in pediatric AIDS. Fusiform dilatation ...
Phelan E - - 2008
Effective canal wall down mastoid surgery requires attention to certain key principles. We reviewed all cases requiring revision surgery at the Royal Victoria Eye and Ear Hospital over a 6 year period 1999-2004. Intraoperative findings which contributed to the need for revision surgery were identified. During this 6 year period ...
Morales-Polanco M R - - 2008
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is the most common form of lymphoma. It usually begins in the lymph nodes; up to 40% may have an extranodal presentation. According to a definition of primary extranodal lymphoma with presentation only in extranodal sites, there are reports of large B-cell lymphomas limited to liver ...
Ibrahim Ibrahim - - 2008
Hydrocephalus resulting from bilateral thrombosis of the jugular veins has been rarely described in the literature. We report the case of an 18-month-old girl who was diagnosed with this condition following total parenteral nutrition. We also review the literature relevant to this subject and discuss the pathophysiology of hydrocephalus in ...
Serrano C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hereditary angio-oedema (HAE) is a rare condition in which there is a deficiency in the quantity or activity of C1 inhibitor (C1INH). Recently, an additional type of HAE with no alterations in the levels or the function of C1INH has been reported. It is defined as HAE with normal ...
Szepietowski Jacek C - - 2007
Onychomycosis is the most common disease of the nails and constitutes about a half of all nail abnormalities. Some factors like increasing age, male sex, repeated nail damage, genetic predispositions and underlying conditions, such as diabetes, immunodeficiency or peripheral arterial disease may predispose to develop onychomycosis. It is also suggested ...
Fortunato Michael A - - 2007
While evaluating a 65 year old white female as an outpatient for upper gastrointestinal bleeding, an intrauterine device (IUD) was found in her right lower quadrant on a scout film of the abdomen. She was status post total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH). A review of the literature was very sparse on ...
Danesh-Meyer Helen V - - 2007
Phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitor drugs for erectile dysfunction have revolutionised the treatment of male sexual dysfunction and are among the best selling drugs worldwide. Several cases of non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (NAION) have been reported since 2005 in users of these agents. NAION is a sudden irreversible cause ...
Jun-Fen Fu - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD) is challenging for a paediatrician. Recognizing unusual clinical presentations and features of KFD is essential for doctors to obtain a thorough understanding of this clinical entity. METHOD: We reported a case recently diagnosed in our ward with manifestation of recurrent thrombocytopenia and Mobitz ...
Reynolds Stacey - - 2008
Atypical responses to sensory stimulation are frequently reported to co-occur with diagnoses such as autism, ADHD, and Fragile-X syndrome. It has also been suggested that children and adults may present with atypical sensory responses while failing to meet the criteria for other medical or psychological diagnoses. This may be particularly ...
Wolfe Lisa L - - 2007
We observed 11 cases of oral papillomatosis among 48 free-ranging Canada lynx (Lynx canadensis) that had been shipped to Colorado for translocation purposes. Lesions were 1-3 mm, multifocal, nonpigmented sessile masses and occurred on the ventral lingual surface. Adverse clinical signs were not observed. Six of the 11 cases resolved ...
Raaijmaakers Martijn - - 2008
Ochronotic arthropathy is a rare condition found in patients with alkaptonuria. Due to the accumulation of homogentisic acid, cartilages get a dark discoloration and become brittle and more vulnerable to mechanical stress (Centinus et al. Rheumatol Int 3:127-131, 2004; Hamdi et al. Int Orthop 23:122-125, 1999; Phornphutkul, N Engl J ...
Zappe Björn - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Propionibacterium species are common inhabitants of the skin and usually non-pathogenic for humans. However, Propionibacterium spp. can occasionally cause infections, but are estimated to play a minor role in prosthetic joint infections (PJI). The relative frequency of these anaerobes and their potential to cause surgical site infection may be ...
Wagner J N - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Downbeat nystagmus (DBN) is the most common form of acquired involuntary ocular oscillation overriding fixation. According to previous studies, the cause of DBN is unsolved in up to 44% of cases. We reviewed 117 patients to establish whether analysis of a large collective and improved diagnostic means would reduce ...
Lobão Denise S - - 2007
Idiopathic or hereditary gingival fibromatosis is a benign oral disorder characterized by enlargement of the oral gingival tissues. This article describes a case of a female child who exhibited a generalized gingival overgrowth in both arches at birth. Other causes of gingival overgrowth and the clinical, radiographic, and histopathologic characteristics ...
Jemmott Timothy - - 2007
We describe a case of ainhum, a mutilating condition, usually seen in peoples of West African origin. A patient presented at the Diabetic Foot Clinic, Kings College Hospital, with a painful infected ulcer between the fourth and fifth toe of his right foot. He was a 43-year-old Nigerian and did ...
Newton H B - - 2007
Neurological signs and symptoms are common in recreational divers with decompression illness (DCI). The spectrum of neurological manifestations, temporal profile, and laboratory findings are described in a large series of 200 consecutive recreational divers treated for DCI. The Hyperbaric Medicine Unit charts of 200 recreational divers treated for DCI were ...
Auluck Ajit - - 2007
Leukoplakic lesion is not uncommon in clinical practice but its occurrence as a component of a syndrome is rare. Dyskeratosis congenita is a rare genodermatosis, which is characterized by triad of skin pigmentation, nail dystrophy and leukoplakic lesion in the oral cavity. It is important for dentists to now about ...
Chandler M L - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to review and characterise the clinical presentation of young boxer dogs with chronic kidney disease referred to the authors' institutions. METHODS: Records were collected retrospectively from 37 boxer dogs, less than five years of age, which had presented with azotaemia, inappropriately low urine ...
O'Dwyer D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We present two cases of pneumomediastinum in patients who presented to the accident and emergency department of a large teaching hospital. One case had a history of inhalational drug abuse, which may have contributed to the event, while the other had no obvious precipitating factors. AIMS: To evaluate the ...
Al-Brahim Nabeel - - 2007
Lipomembranous panniculitis is a peculiar type of fat necrosis and has been reported with several clinical conditions, commonly with peripheral vascular diseases. We are reporting a case of a 68-year-old woman with known liver cirrhosis and diabetes who presented with painful erythematous swelling of the right leg. Histological examination revealed ...
Sayer Robyn A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Clitoroplasty, especially in an adult, is a rare procedure. The goals of clitoroplasty are to achieve a normal genital appearance and to preserve sensation with a satisfactory sexual response. CASES: We present two cases of acquired clitoromegaly. Case 1 is a 46-year-old woman with clitoromegaly caused by an androgen-producing ...
Rossi Enrica - - 2007
We report the case of an 8-year-old boy with a red cell membrane disorder who developed, soon after undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy and splenectomy, complete thrombosis of the right branch and a partial occlusion of the left branch of the portal vein. The child was affected by a right hemiparesis because ...
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