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Shikhani A H - - 1986
Between 1913 and 1985, 323 cases of infantile subglottic hemangiomas have been reported in the English language literature. The purpose of this study is to review these cases, to report The Johns Hopkins Hospital experience with ten additional cases, and to compare the various methods of treatment in an attempt ...
Mito T - - 1986
Two cases of infantile bilateral striatal necrosis (IBSN) were studied retrospectively, and the literature was reviewed. The two children had presented with progressive neurologic signs of involuntary movements or muscle hypertonia from infancy. Initial computed tomography scans showed mild atrophy of the caudate nuclei or basal ganglia, and the neuropathologic ...
Salamah M M - - 1986
Angio immunoblastic lymphadenopathy (AIBL) is a recently described disease. It occurs most commonly in elderly patients with an average age of about 60 years. In children, few cases have been reported so far in the English literature (three occurred after thymic transplant and one case after infectious mononucleosis). AIBL has ...
Gambrioli P L - - 1986
Candida osteoarticular infections are extremely rare. A review of the world literature shows only few ten cases. The authors report a further case which followed a different course and was treated differently from those reported in the literature. They discuss the predisposing conditions which favour the development of this infection ...
Tomaru A - - 1986
This is a case report of a 57-year-old woman who was diagnosed as suffering from pheochromocytoma on the basis of serum catecholamine levels, the results of abdominal echography and CT scanning. Her fluctuating blood pressure was treated successfully by intravenous administration of diltiazem. Diltiazem elicits a marked reduction in vascular ...
Pohl J - - 1986
Priapism is a persistent, painful erection of the penis unassociated with sexual stimulation or desire, and detumescence does not occur following ejaculation. Prolonged pathological erections may occur and it is only when they are painful that the term priapism should be used. The erection is limited to the corpora cavernosa. ...
Puig L - - 1986
Excessive, pseudotumoral granulation tissue proliferations appeared in three patients receiving isotretinoin for nodulocystic acne. A review of the literature disclosed few reports of this unusual adverse reaction. Two clinical patterns have been reported; one in a periungual location and the other occurring in the sites of acne lesions during isotretinoin ...
Nordby C A - - 1986
Confluent and reticulated papillomatosis of Gougerot and Carteaud (CRP) is a distinctive clinicopathologic entity, of unknown etiology, which shows some resemblance to pityriasis versicolor. A case of CRP that showed a significant therapeutic response to topical selenium sulfide is reported. In previously described cases, response to this agent and to ...
Wesner M F - - 1986
The literature on instrument myopia is reviewed, with the review organized around three principal objectives. One is to describe and discuss various factors that may influence the degree to which instrument myopia is manifested, including monocular vs. binocular viewing, age, direction of focus, illumination level, fatigue, magnification, astigmatic variations, optical ...
Lee K R - - 1986
A case of amniotic fluid embolism diagnosed cytologically from maternal right heart blood in a patient who survived is presented. Eosinophilic granular material with adherent leukocytes was present in abundance. This material has not been previously described in this setting. The difficulty in eliminating squamous contaminants, which might easily be ...
Otani T - - 1986
This paper reports a 33-year-old male paraplegic (T6) who fathered a child by artificial insemination following an intrathecal injection of neostigmine. His wife was healthy and pregnancy was achieved after the 10th insemination. She delivered a mature female child weighing 3,100 g in August 1984. To our knowledge this is ...
Severino S K - - 1986
Grandparenthood as a separate and unique phase in the life cycle has received moderate attention in the literature. The literature is reviewed and found to focus on social aspects, intrapsychic aspects, and symbolic aspects of grandparenthood. Lacking is a cohesive definition of this phase in terms of its particular developmental ...
Chicarilli Z N - - 1986
The management of costochondritis of the chest wall is reviewed and four illustrative cases presented. Adequate debridement is the single most important factor to ensure eradication of this disease. Well-vascularized tissue coverage reduces ischemic factors, resists secondary infection by contamination, and promotes rapid healing. The pectoralis major, latissimus dorsi, and ...
Löcsey L - - 1986
The joint disorders associated with osteodystrophy of 124 regularly haemodialysed patients are reviewed. The most common signs and symptoms of uraemic osteoarthropathy are summed up. It is pointed out that in osteoarthropathy accompanying chronic renal failure or haemodialysis the bones are generally affected first, arthropathy being secondary to this process. ...
Toonstra J - - 1985
The case of a male diabetic patient with recurrent bullous lesions restricted to the hands is reported. Areas of spongiosis in the epidermis, as well as subepidermal blister formation, were observed in repeated biopsies. On electron microscopy, separation was seen at the level of the lamina lucida. No immunopathology was ...
Kreutz R W - - 1985
A case of bilateral coronoid hyperplasia with limitation of mandibular motion in a female patient has been presented. Her symptoms began to develop around the age of 44. We believe that this is the first case to be reported in a female. Also, in all other reported cases symptoms began ...
Yutani C - - 1985
A case of infantile cardiomyopathy in a year and four months old girl, which was clinically characterized by tachycardia resistant to any drugs and marked hyperplasia of mitochondria in their cytoplasms on electron microscopic observation, was presented. In the present case light and electron microscopical proof of the diagnosis was ...
Hillerdal G - - 1985
Chyliform pleural effusions are a little known occurrence only sparingly reported in the literature. At the lung department in Uppsala, Sweden, 11 cases have been seen the last few years. Typically, the exudate develops in a long-standing pleural thickening resulting from therapeutic pneumothorax many years earlier. The exudate contains a ...
Yokoi S - - 1985
Clinicopathological studies of four cases of chronic progressive leukoencephalopathy with systemic arteriosclerosis are reported. Two patients were siblings. In all of our patients, the illness began in early adulthood (25-29 years of age), with gait and speech disturbance as the first symptoms. At about the same time, the patients complained ...
Kemink J L - - 1985
The association between the delayed onset of episodic true vertigo and previous sensorineural hearing loss has been previously described. We have reviewed our series of sixty consecutive labyrinthectomies to determine the prevalence of this disorder in this population, and found a variety of etiologic agents of sensorineural hearing loss with ...
Cooper B T - - 1985
Diarrhoea is a common symptom in all communities and in both general and hospital practice. Diarrhoeal diseases, particularly of infectious aetiology, are a huge health problem world-wide, causing much morbidity and mortality, especially amongst children. Although the symptom is almost universally understood, the definition of diarrhoea is difficult because of ...
Kraut J R - - 1985
A literature review and ten new cases of benign transient hyperphosphatasemia of infancy are presented, with special attention paid to isoenzyme studies. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, heat denaturation, and binding of alkaline phosphatase to anti-human alkaline phosphatases showed that the sources of the elevated alkaline phosphatase levels are normal bone and ...
Warner J A - - 1985
Three cases of epiglottitis in previously healthy young adults are reported. Two of these were fatal and occurred within nine months of each other. Both patients died within 24 hours of the development of definitive symptoms. The seriousness of this condition is stressed: a management protocol is suggested, based on ...
Grob C S - - 1985
Although genital exhibitionism has traditionally been almost exclusively associated with males, similar behavior may occur in certain women with a particular set of life circumstances and precipitants. A case report is presented of a woman whose emotional deprivation led to feelings of rejection and the inability to develop empathic relationships. ...
Valdini A F - - 1985
The patient complaining of fatigue presents the physician with the dilemma of distinguishing a psychological disorder from a physical illness in its early stage. Information relating this nonspecific complaint to specific diagnoses is scarce. Consequently, laboratory investigation of fatigue has been empirical. Five separate reports of patients with fatigue (n ...
Klein J A - - 1985
Four cases of scalp paraffinoma were seen in our clinics within the past year. This unusual condition results from intradermal injection of substances containing paraffin. The presence of paraffin in excised tissue was confirmed by thin-layer chromatography and infrared absorption spectrophotometry. Our patients received their treatments 35 to 42 years ...
Kirkwood C F - - 1985
Neutropenia associated with beta-lactam antibiotics has been widely reported since the first case was described in 1946. Cross-reactivity between beta-lactam antibiotics for this phenomenon rarely has been reported. This case describes the development of neutropenia after a course of mezlocillin, resolution upon discontinuation, and recurrence promptly after initiation of piperacillin, ...
Falanga V - - 1985
In North America cysticercosis is a rare disease and may cause serious diagnostic difficulties. We report two patients with cysticercosis with neurologic involvement and subcutaneous nodules. In both cases the nodules were small and few in number. Histologic examination showed the diagnostic scolex of the parasite only after subserial sections ...
Vakaet A - - 1985
The case of a 57-year-old woman with idiopathic hypoparathyroidism is presented. A CT-scan showed extensive bilateral symmetrical calcification in the region of the basal ganglia, nuclei of the cerebellum and the cerebral and cerebellar white matter. A review of the literature showed that bilateral symmetrical calcification detected by CT is ...
Grant M G - - 1985
Two case studies are reported in which transient low frequency sensorineural hearing loss was experienced following myelography and CT scanning with metrizamide. Low frequency sensorineural hearing loss is considered to be the result of increased stiffness of one or both of the inner ear membranes. A review of the literature ...
Opjordsmoen S - - 1985
301 first-admitted hospitalized patients with paranoid psychoses have been studied by Retterstøl over a period of 5-18 years. Common Scandinavian diagnostic procedures were used. About 200 are still alive, and these subjects are at present being interviewed semistructurally by Opjordsmoen using a modification of SADS-L, and making a total follow-up ...
Williams W - - 1985
Literature on the uncommon symptom of anaesthetic ejaculation and the relevant physiology is reviewed. Seven case vignettes describing the clinical pictures, background histories and common features of this problem are presented, along with some psychometric data. No physical causative factors could be elucidated. The main features shared in common by ...
de Almeida G M - - 1985
A case of a acoustic neuroma with a two-stage removal due to severe bleeding is presented. The patient remained drowsy after the second operation and by the 8th day deteriorated quickly with progressive right hemiplegia and aphasia. The cerebrospinal fluid was bloody, vasospasm was shown in the angiograms, and an ...
Hoshaw R A - - 1985
Two patients had pitch-black pigmentation and colloid milium formation following the use of 2% hydroquinone-containing bleaching creams. These are among the first known cases in American blacks, although this phenomenon has been recognized previously in African blacks. Ultrastructural studies indicated that the pigment was due to the formation of elastotic ...
Tsunematsu Y - - 1984
Thirty-five cases of histiocytosis X in the National Children's Hospital were clinicopathologically studied. Fourteen cases were categorized in diffuse histiocytosis X, Letterer-Siwe type (DHX), 19 cases in multifocal eosinophilic granuloma (MEG) and 2 cases in unifocal eosinophilic granuloma (UEG). Nine of 14 DHX died, of which 6 died of opportunistic ...
Tashjian L S - - 1984
Although infections due to Candida have become increasingly recognized in recent years, laryngeal candidiasis remains a poorly described and infrequently diagnosed manifestation of mucous membrane candidal infection. Seven cases of isolated laryngeal candidiasis (ILC) have been identified at our institution during the past eight years (one before and six after ...
Welsh R L - - 1984
The occurrence of multiple squamous cell papilloma in the upper and lower aerodigestive tract is well documented. While apparent inoculation to other areas in the lower respiratory tract at the time of bronchoscopy or tracheotomy is a frequently described occurrence, there have, however, been no reports of transmission of papilloma ...
Solomon J R - - 1984
A retrospective review of 300 cases of thyroglossal duct lesions is presented, with emphasis on reasons for misdiagnosis and recurrence. Of 28 cases misdiagnosed, 20 presented in atypical sites. The recurrence rate after Sistrunk's operation was 5% but no special features could be identified to explain these recurrences. While previous ...
Lipper S - - 1984
We report a case of paraganglioma of the cauda equina and filum terminale. Diagnosis was established by the histologic organoid pattern, immunohistochemical staining for neuron-specific enolase and ultrastructural dense-core neurosecretory granules. A survey of the literature yielded 16 previously reported cases, five of which were described in 1983. This suggests ...
Tsementzis S A - - 1984
In cases of subarachnoid haemorrhage from various causes, ophthalmological signs can be a feature. In the clinical examination they can be of assistance in determining the site of the aneurysm or other responsible lesion, and they can also be of prognostic value. In a series of 48 cases the significance ...
Palma L - - 1984
The term "diffuse cerebellar astrocytoma" was originally introduced by Russell and Rubinstein to describe that minority of cerebellar tumors microscopically similar to the cerebral hemispheric astrocytoma. The aim of this study was to verify some recent reports warning against the less favorable long term prognosis of the "diffuse" form of ...
Nakamine H - - 1984
Two patients with monoclonal IgM-secreting neoplasms are presented. Though both patients could be diagnosed as Waldenström's macroglobulinemia, the clinicopathologic features were quite contrastive. Most neoplastic cells in Case 1 showed lymphocytic morphology with rather leukemic process, while those in Case 2 were highly polymorphic with solid proliferation. The clinical and ...
Yamamoto Y - - 1984
A 50-year-old fisherman presented with numbness of the left hand and headache after a fall on the deck of a boat. Myelography revealed protrusions of the disks of C-7 and L-4. Computed tomography of the brain incidentally disclosed moderate hydrocephalus and hypoplasia of the inferior cerebellar vermis without cystic formation ...
Lane R W - - 1984
Laryngomalacia has been described in the medical literature for over 100 years. During this time many different names have been used for the same condition. There have been numerous discussions of symptoms, cause, pathogenesis, relationships to other conditions, hereditary factors, and treatment. The purpose of this study is to historically ...
Freeman J - - 1984
The pathogenesis and course of intracranial inflammatory disorders of otitic origin have been studied extensively in the past by clinical, surgical, and morbid means. The recent contribution by CT scanning cannot be overestimated as a modality for identification of the pathologic process. Its use for early detection and monitoring of ...
Chen K T - - 1984
The clinicopathologic features of a rare case of hepatic "inflammatory pseudotumor" are described and compared with those of three similar cases reported in the literature. In all four cases symptoms were systemic. The marked reduction in tumor size and the changing cellular composition, from a predominance of fibroblasts to a ...
Witmer D R - - 1984
A case of phenytoin-isoniazid drug interaction is reported. Pharmacokinetic evaluation was performed on the basis of two different phenytoin serum concentrations obtained on two different dosage regimens. Whereas Vmax was found to be in the normal range, the patient's Km was increased five-fold. The literature regarding this interaction is reviewed. ...
Nov A A - - 1984
Aspergillosis of the neuraxis is a relatively rare entity. It is being encountered with increasing frequency due to the improved care and longevity of immunocompromised patients. Although there are more than 80 cases in the literature, we are aware of only five patients with reported computed tomographic (CT) findings. We ...
Warneke L B - - 1984
Obsessional disorder has always remained a difficult illness for psychiatrists to treat with response to therapy, both psychotherapy and chemotherapy, being low. A review of the traditional approaches to the treatment of obsessional disorder is done, including a brief review of the literature on intravenous chlorimipramine. Five case histories of ...
Shaw R J - - 1984
Two cases of migration of retained pacemaker electrodes are described. The first presented as an unusual cause of deep vein thrombosis while the second was asymptomatic and detected by routine chest x-ray. Both made a good recovery, the first with surgery and the second with the fragment left in situ. ...
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