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Results 501 - 550 of 1019
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Mahendran R - - 1999
This paper reviews the literature on selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor discontinuation symptoms. These symptoms have been well described in numerous anecdotal case reports and reports of small series of cases in the Caucasian population. There are no reports in the literature of it occurring in Asian patients. A study involving ...
van der Maas A A - - 1999
Patient case analysis is an elementary and crucial process which clinicians are daily confronted with. The importance and complexity is reflected in the need to discuss cases in clinicopathological conferences and the documentation of more than 70,000 patient cases in MEDLINE. This paper introduces a generic patient case report language ...
Altman A L - - 1999
PURPOSE: Cocaine abuse is an ongoing epidemic in the United States. Priapism associated with cocaine use has been reported only twice in the urological literature. To our knowledge we report the first series of priapism associated with cocaine use and the first case associated with the use of this drug ...
Wilasrusmee C - - 1999
Hydrochloric acid is the active ingredient in common toilet bowl cleaner agents used in Thailand but it is occasionally abused for suicidal attempts by ingestion. Clinicopathological description caused by this agent has rarely been mentioned in the literature. We reported three cases of gastric outlet obstruction. Two of these cases ...
Murila F V - - 1999
Galactosaemia is a disorder of galactose metabolism in which raised levels of galactose and galactose-l-phosphate damage various organs. It is a very rare disease (incidence 1 in 60,000) and the diagnosis is often missed, leading to poor prognosis. A case of clinical galactosaemia that was diagnosed at the age of ...
Paulus W - - 1999
Xanthogranulomatous change of craniopharyngioma, consisting of cholesterol clefts, macrophages, chronic inflammatory infiltrates, necrotic debris and hemosiderin deposits, has been traditionally considered a hallmark of the adamantinomatous variant, even in the absence of epithelium. Based on a series of 110 craniopharyngioma patients undergoing primary surgery, we found 37 specimens with a ...
Shimizu S - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Many reported cases of iatrogenic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) developed after grafting cadaveric dura mater contaminated with CJD prions (dura-associated CJD). They are known to be clinicopathologically similar to sporadic CJD. We report herein 2 autopsy cases of dura-associated CJD with atypical clinicopathological features. PATIENTS: Two patients presented with progressive ...
Brigden M L - - 1999
The vast majority of cases of eosinophilia in North America are caused by allergic processes. In individual cases, a short differential diagnosis of the most likely causes can be formulated on the basis of the absolute eosinophil count. The extensive laboratory workup previously recommended by some authorities is probably not ...
Rückert J C - - 1999
Obstruction of the hepatic venous outflow with or without involvement of the vena cava results in the Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS). BCS may be limited to the liver but there is a variety of systemic disorders forming the etiology of BCS in the majority of cases. Surgery has a major impact ...
Peloro T M - - 1999
The term twenty-nail dystrophy (TND) of childhood has evolved since its initial description in 1977. TND has also been reported in adults, and many clinical as well as histopathologic associations have been described. We describe the third case of a rare association of TND with vitiligo in a 10-year-old girl.
Franklin Q J - - 1999
Four cases of splenic infarction/sequestration in sickle cell trait (SCT) patients are presented. All four patients were undergoing moderate exercise at elevations ranging from 5,500 to 12,000 feet. The patients include two African-American males, a Hispanic male, and a white female. All four presented with the acute onset of mid ...
Lockridge J - - 1999
Sticky skin has been reported relatively infrequently in the literature in association with etretinate and doxorubicin/ketoconazole administration. It has a poorly understood pathogenesis, and the associated histologic changes have not been described. We report a case of a patient who experienced sticky skin in areas treated with tretinoin. These reverted ...
al-Ramahi M - - 1999
Hyperreactio luteinalis is a rare benign condition characterized by bilateral ovarian enlargement associated with pregnancies where high concentrations of maternal serum human chorionic gonadotrophins are present. This condition may mimic the ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. We report a case of a 34 year old woman with a history of chronic renal ...
Abdelsayed R A - - 1999
Heterotopic brain tissue is an extremely rare developmental malformation. It is considered to be one of the very rare choristomatous lesions involving the oral cavity. We present a case of glial choristoma located on the dorsal surface of the tongue, midline area, in an 8-month-old African-American female baby. The clinical, ...
Del Bene M - - 1999
The authors describe a case of Noma or Cancrum Oris, an oral gangrenous disease, features more frequently found in children from developing countries. The clinical features, its ethiopathogenesis, and its particular link with different geographic and economic areas of the world, its clinical evolution as well as surgical treatment are ...
Warner H H - - 1999
At AMIA 1997, we reported on the design and development of a new computer-based tool, called QID, for empiric antibiotic decision support. QID was designed to help physicians identify the antibiotic regimens with the highest probability of covering the pathogens that are most likely to be present in individual patients. ...
Demitsu T - - 1999
We report 3 cases of lipodermatosclerosis (LDS) and discuss the nosology of similar disorders caused by venous insufficiency of the legs. These cases are characterized by (1) occurrence in middle-aged or aged woman, (2) painful, indurated erythema with hyperpigmented scleroderma-like hardening on the lower leg, (3) lobular panniculitis with membranocystic ...
Chowfin A - - 1999
We describe a woman with unusual complications of infection with Coccidioides immitis--infection of the genital tract and adrenal insufficiency. The patient also had intestinal coccidioidomycosis (cocci) in conjunction with presumed pulmonary, and asymptomatic central nervous system cocci. To our knowledge, concurrent FGC, intestinal and adrenal cocci have not been reported ...
Derakhshani P - - 1999
We report on a 38-year-old patient with a giant retroperitoneal hemangiopericytoma associated with bilateral paraneoplastic gynecomastia, which led to an almost uncontrollable hemorrhage on initial surgery due to the extreme hypervascularity of the process. After angiographic evaluation and superselective embolization, a complete surgical excision of a hemangiopericytoma weighing almost 1,000 ...
Martínez-Lage J F - - 1999
Most cases of craniosynostosis are diagnosed during early infancy, but occasionally craniosynostosis evolves with minimal cranial involvement and goes unnoticed until late childhood. Seemingly these mild forms of craniosynostosis cause few, if any, symptoms of neurological involvement. We describe the cases of a 9-year-old girl and a 6-year-old boy who ...
McAfee B J - - 1999
The holdings of eight collections of fungi have been examined for organisms isolated from wood and/or trees. Further selection of these fungi has been made according to their reported ability to produce volatile, biologically active metabolites. It is emphasized that the isolates in the collections do not necessarily produce such ...
Hamdi N - - 1999
Alkoptonuria is an inherited metabolic disorder which is associated with various systemic abnormalities and related to the deposition of homogentisic acid pigment in connective tissues. These pigmentary changes are termed "ochronosis". We describe two patients with ochronotic arthropathy who presented with progressive and advanced degenerative changes in the lumbo-sacral spine. ...
Sztajnbok J - - 1999
A previously healthy seven-year-old boy was admitted to the intensive care unit because of toxaemia associated with varicella. He rapidly developed shock and multisystem organ failure associated with the appearance of a deep-seated soft tissue infection and, despite aggressive treatment, died on hospital day 4. An M-non-typable, spe A and ...
Krishna A - - 1999
An accessory limb associated with spina bifida was already reported by the authors. We had then described it as a result of a very early splitting of the limb bud arising from the paraxial mesoderm. We have subsequently seen three other such cases, which are described in this report as ...
Federici S - - 1998
The authors describe a case of a 5-years-old girl affected by diffuse oesophageal leiomyomatosis presenting with progressive dysphagia, cyanosis, recurrent pneumonia and retrosternal pain. She also suffered from occasional constipation due to perineal involvement by the disease and had a past history of recurrent microscopic hematuria, suggesting an association with ...
Kappagoda C - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To highlight the increase in the number of cases of clonidine overdose admitted to a specialist paediatric hospital, with particular reference to the clinical features, clinical course and circumstances surrounding the incident. METHODS: Cases of clonidine overdose were identified by review of the emergency department attendance register, the intensive ...
Crètel E - - 1998
The authors report the observation of a 31-year-old woman who presented with total occlusion of digestive arteries and was successfully treated pharmacologically. A review of the literature shows that digestive arteries thrombosis is a rare condition in young women. Only 15 cases have been previously reported. Prognosis was poor with ...
Ohara S - - 1998
We report an autopsy case of a 64 year-old Japanese man diagnosed as having leukoencephalopathy caused by tegafur, a 5-fluorouracil derivative, and review seven previous cases, mostly reported in Japan. In the present case, tegafur had been orally administered for the shortest period of 3 weeks in pre- and postoperative ...
Farkas R - - 1998
Veterinarians in Hungary were asked to complete a questionnaire on traumatic myiasis; of the 664 veterinarians contacted, 247 replied (37.2 per cent) and of these 209 (84.6 per cent) reported myiasis to be a problem among the livestock they treated. Infestation levels of > 10 per cent of animals were ...
Ponce P - - 1998
Gliomatosis cerebri (GC), is a rare neoplastic disease (less than 150 cases reported in the literature) with a diffuse, widespread proliferation of neoplastic glial cells in the brain, generally affecting both hemispheres and involving the gray and white matter [1-3]. Less commonly, the cerebellum, the brain stem and the medulla ...
Bauduer F - - 1998
Autoimmune neutropenia (AIN) is a rare hematological disorder for which no standard treatment has been established so far. A brief review of the literature is presented herein concerning the use of G-CSF in this indication. The good results in terms of neutrophils increment and infection prophylaxis render G-CSF attractive for ...
Tanimoto T - - 1998
Intrahepatic pylephlebitis was detected in 17 Japanese beef cattle. Grossly, the intrahepatic vessels in the caudate lobe and/or in the periphery of the other hepatic lobes were thickened and protruded above the lobar surface. The vessel lumina were packed with white to red, waste thread-like contents. A few immature flukes ...
Swartz R - - 1998
An unusual case of calciphylaxis, presenting at the onset of end-stage renal disease and evolving into an extended and arduous hospital stay, is described. The medical approach to this case is addressed briefly, but the main focus of this paper is to describe, in the words of various participants, the ...
Agresta F - - 1998
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: The authors report their experience with thrombolytic therapy in seven cases of graft thrombosis managed successfully with low-dose i.v. rt-TPA. In six patients the cause was an anatomical one and so, after the successful lysis, there was enough time to confirm a correct diagnosis and plan the ...
Gupta A K - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Onychocola canadensis is a nondermatophyte mold associated with onychomycosis particularly in temperate climates (eg, Canada, New Zealand, and France). The slow growth rate of O canadensis and lack of resemblance to any other known nail-infecting fungus may have delayed its discovery. We are aware of 23 mycologically confirmed cases ...
Tanaka H - - 1998
Portal vein thrombosis as a complication of liver cirrhosis has been reported to be extremely rare in Japan, as compared with European countries. There are few reports discussing the correlation of portal vein thrombosis with refractory ascites. Between January 1994 and December 1995, 20 cases (91%) of 22 patients with ...
Wilson G N - - 1998
Eight new and five previously illustrated patients with Niikawa-Kuroki syndrome (NKS) are compared to those in the literature, providing data on 183 cases. Eight patients had disproportionate microcephaly and in one autopsied patient there was frontal lobe atrophy, focal polymicrogyria, and a hypoplastic fourth ventricle. The metacarpophalangeal pattern profiles of ...
Ehricke H H - - 1998
This paper addresses the problem of sonography education and training. A method and software package for ultrasound simulation are presented. The latter is based on standard PC technology and allows graphical interaction with a virtual patient and transducer. The most essential component is an extensible case database with various cases ...
Feeks E F - - 1998
The authors report a case of a 24-yr-old female Navy student pilot who presented with pyelonephritis, and on workup, was found to have two diverticula arising from calyces in her left kidney. Her infection resolved after several weeks of antibiotic therapy. She was granted a waiver to return to flight ...
Utley D S - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To review the use of the medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis, in salvaging the failing, venous-congested flap. A protocol for the use of leeches is presented. Four illustrative cases of failing flaps (pectoralis major, midline forehead, and temporalis) are presented. STUDY DESIGN: Literature review comprised of MEDLINE search 1965 to ...
Marais J - - 1998
Topical aminoglycoside ear drops are theoretically acknowledged to be potentially ototoxic when administered in the presence of a tympanic membrane perforation. Although the development of clinical ototoxicity appears to be rare, nine well-documented and incontrovertible cases (12 ears in total) of iatrogenic topical vestibulotoxicity are presented, representing the largest series ...
Haas A F - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Lymphangioma circumscriptum is a relatively rare cutaneous disorder, consisting of superficial and deep lymphatic cisterns. These vascular blebs are difficult to treat, frequently recur, and can cause patients significant morbidity. OBJECTIVE: We report a difficult case of lymphangioma circumscriptum, recurrent from a two prior surgical treatments, which was treated ...
Lattman J - - 1998
Pseudomonal eyelid necrosis is a rare condition that has not been well characterized. Five case reports have been previously described. The authors present an additional case, describe its unique features, review the previous reports, and establish the clinical characteristics of the disorder. Pseudomonal eyelid necrosis always occurs in the setting ...
McCarron K F - - 1998
Plexiform neurofibroma (PNF) is an important part of the diagnostic criteria for neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) and is a known precursor lesion of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST). We studied the clinicopathologic features of 54 cases of PNF for which the hematoxylin- and eosin-stained slides and paraffin blocks were ...
Schwartz G S - - 1998
PURPOSE: We compared the etiologies of immune stromal keratitis (ISK), also known as interstitial keratitis (IK), in a recent group of patients with active and inactive ISK. METHODS: We reviewed the charts of 97 patients seen in the cornea clinic at the University of Minnesota from 1985 through 1994. Fifty-five ...
Otero J - - 1998
Herpes zoster leukoencephalitis is a rare complication of varicella-zoster virus infection. Associated with high mortality, the majority of cases have been discovered postmortem; today, however, magnetic resonance imaging is being used successfully as an aid in the diagnosis of this disease. The first two reported cases of HIV-infected patients with ...
Caniatti M - - 1998
This paper describes four cases of canine rhinosporidiosis which occurred in Italy in 1994 and 1995. Four dogs with a history of exposure to the muddy environment of rice fields, developed respiratory signs. Rhinoscopy revealed nasal polypoid lesions with a characteristic gross appearance due to the presence of multiple, tiny, ...
Abou-Saleh M T - - 1998
The available literature indicates that anorexia nervosa is rare in Arab culture. We report 5 cases of anorexia nervosa: 3 female and 2 male patients. Two are UAE nationals, 2 are Omanis, and 1 is Sudanese. The occurrence of these cases is discussed in the context of sociocultural changes and ...
Benoliel R - - 1998
The case of a woman with short neuralgiform paroxysmal pain of 2 years duration is described. Pain attacks were always accompanied by ipsilateral lacrimation and conjunctival injection. Standard anti-neuralgic therapy, amitriptyline and indomethacin, failed to eliminate or reduce pain. At the end of a 30-month active period the patient seemed ...
LeVasseur J G - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Electrosurgery is frequently employed in the treatment of skin cancer and other dermatologic conditions in the elderly. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) and pacemakers are most commonly seen in this older population. Potentially hazardous electrosurgical interference exists with the function of ICDs and pacemakers in this setting. OBJECTIVE: Our goal is ...
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