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Results 501 - 550 of 1033
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Woo P C - - 2000
We report the first adult patient with virologically confirmed croup caused by parainfluenza virus type 3 and review 10 cases of adult croup described in the English-language literature. Circumstantial evidence of viral infection was present in only 1 other case, in which there was a rise in antibody titer against ...
Stein D J - - 2000
Relatively few studies of the psychobiology of hypersexuality have been undertaken. Nevertheless, the literature does suggest the possibility of a neurobiology of hypersexuality. Three cases of hypersexual behavior are presented in the context of neuropsychiatric disorders, and the literature on this phenomenon is briefly reviewed. These case studies and the ...
Chiche L - - 2000
Liver adenomatosis (LA) is a rare disease originally defined by Flejou et al in 1985 from a series of 13 cases. In 1998, 38 cases were available for analysis, including eight personal cases. The aim of this study was to review and reappraise the characteristics of this rare liver disease ...
Tasca R A - - 1999
In this paper we present a case of a 6-year-old child who presented with Ludwig's angina caused by an infected tongue base lymphangioma. We provide a literature review of tongue lymphangioma and Ludwig's angina in the paediatric population. Both Ludwig's angina and tongue base lymphangioma are rare conditions in their ...
Martins I P - - 1999
We report the case of an 11-year-old boy who developed an anarithmetia in association with a left temporo-parietal tumor. His oral and written language were normal as well as his ability to judge magnitudes, process numbers, read operation signs and retrieve number facts. He had a specific difficulty in performing ...
Fanton L - - 1999
A 16-year-old girl was admitted to the emergency department for sexual assault. The forensic examination revealed genital lesions of an age that were incompatible with her statements. She also presented extragenital lesions that resembled self-inflicted lesions. The reports of false rape allegations in the literature have all dealt with the ...
Roebroek R M - - 1999
Well-documented cases of crossed (transcortical sensory) aphasia, especially those with longitudinal evaluation, are rare. We report a case of crossed transcortical sensory aphasia following watershed infarcts in the right hemisphere, from the moment of the accident until 15 months afterward. The aphasia type, and the course of recovery, is a ...
Benson K G - - 1999
Diagnostic laboratories are receiving increasing numbers of samples from practitioners as they strive to diagnose complex disease processes and manage rabbit cases. Proper acquisition of diagnostic samples and interpretation of results are key skills necessary for successful management of medical cases. This article reviews the collection and interpretation of clinicopathologic ...
Hicks J A - - 1999
This report describes the case of a 44-year-old woman presenting to a Sleep and Alertness clinic with symptoms of narcolepsy. The patient had clinical and polysomnographic features of narcolepsy, which disappeared after disclosure of severe psychological stress. Following a discussion of the differential diagnosis of narcolepsy, alternative diagnoses are considered. ...
Aguirre G K - - 1999
Over the last century, several dozen case reports have presented 'topographically disoriented' patients who, in some cases, appear to have selectively lost their ability to find their way within large-scale, locomotor environments. A review is offered here that has as its aim the creation of a taxonomy that accurately reflects ...
Hannah W N WN - - 1999
In recent years manufacturers have developed several products containing saprophytic bacteria, previously believed to be of minimal pathogenicity. We describe the first case of persistent Bacillus licheniformis bacteremia occurring after intentional injection of a consumer product that includes B. licheniformis spores. We postulate that these spores remained in the tissue, ...
Romero C F - - 1999
Endogenous endophthalmitis is a potentially blinding ocular infection resulting from hematogenous spread from a remote primary source. The condition is relatively rare but may become more common as the number of chronically debilitated patients and the use of invasive procedures increase. Many etiologic organisms (gram-positive, gram-negative and fungal) have been ...
Cable G G - - 1999
A case is presented of a 24 yr old military aircrew applicant who developed a right axillary subclavian deep venous thrombosis following physical exertion. Investigations revealed damage to the right axillary subclavian venous system and limitation to flow. Coagulation studies also showed an elevated plasma homocysteine level. Hyperhomocysteinemia has recently ...
Gardner D G - - 1999
This article evaluates the most extensive review of ameloblastomas ever published. Because it suffers from the same limitations as any retrospective review of the literature, its figures cannot be used as an accurate source for such information as prevalence and incidence, racial predilection and recurrence rates. Additional knowledge about the ...
Mahendran R - - 1999
This paper reviews the literature on selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor discontinuation symptoms. These symptoms have been well described in numerous anecdotal case reports and reports of small series of cases in the Caucasian population. There are no reports in the literature of it occurring in Asian patients. A study involving ...
van der Maas A A - - 1999
Patient case analysis is an elementary and crucial process which clinicians are daily confronted with. The importance and complexity is reflected in the need to discuss cases in clinicopathological conferences and the documentation of more than 70,000 patient cases in MEDLINE. This paper introduces a generic patient case report language ...
Altman A L - - 1999
PURPOSE: Cocaine abuse is an ongoing epidemic in the United States. Priapism associated with cocaine use has been reported only twice in the urological literature. To our knowledge we report the first series of priapism associated with cocaine use and the first case associated with the use of this drug ...
Wilasrusmee C - - 1999
Hydrochloric acid is the active ingredient in common toilet bowl cleaner agents used in Thailand but it is occasionally abused for suicidal attempts by ingestion. Clinicopathological description caused by this agent has rarely been mentioned in the literature. We reported three cases of gastric outlet obstruction. Two of these cases ...
Murila F V - - 1999
Galactosaemia is a disorder of galactose metabolism in which raised levels of galactose and galactose-l-phosphate damage various organs. It is a very rare disease (incidence 1 in 60,000) and the diagnosis is often missed, leading to poor prognosis. A case of clinical galactosaemia that was diagnosed at the age of ...
Paulus W - - 1999
Xanthogranulomatous change of craniopharyngioma, consisting of cholesterol clefts, macrophages, chronic inflammatory infiltrates, necrotic debris and hemosiderin deposits, has been traditionally considered a hallmark of the adamantinomatous variant, even in the absence of epithelium. Based on a series of 110 craniopharyngioma patients undergoing primary surgery, we found 37 specimens with a ...
Shimizu S - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Many reported cases of iatrogenic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) developed after grafting cadaveric dura mater contaminated with CJD prions (dura-associated CJD). They are known to be clinicopathologically similar to sporadic CJD. We report herein 2 autopsy cases of dura-associated CJD with atypical clinicopathological features. PATIENTS: Two patients presented with progressive ...
Brigden M L - - 1999
The vast majority of cases of eosinophilia in North America are caused by allergic processes. In individual cases, a short differential diagnosis of the most likely causes can be formulated on the basis of the absolute eosinophil count. The extensive laboratory workup previously recommended by some authorities is probably not ...
Rückert J C - - 1999
Obstruction of the hepatic venous outflow with or without involvement of the vena cava results in the Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS). BCS may be limited to the liver but there is a variety of systemic disorders forming the etiology of BCS in the majority of cases. Surgery has a major impact ...
Peloro T M - - 1999
The term twenty-nail dystrophy (TND) of childhood has evolved since its initial description in 1977. TND has also been reported in adults, and many clinical as well as histopathologic associations have been described. We describe the third case of a rare association of TND with vitiligo in a 10-year-old girl.
Franklin Q J - - 1999
Four cases of splenic infarction/sequestration in sickle cell trait (SCT) patients are presented. All four patients were undergoing moderate exercise at elevations ranging from 5,500 to 12,000 feet. The patients include two African-American males, a Hispanic male, and a white female. All four presented with the acute onset of mid ...
Lockridge J - - 1999
Sticky skin has been reported relatively infrequently in the literature in association with etretinate and doxorubicin/ketoconazole administration. It has a poorly understood pathogenesis, and the associated histologic changes have not been described. We report a case of a patient who experienced sticky skin in areas treated with tretinoin. These reverted ...
al-Ramahi M - - 1999
Hyperreactio luteinalis is a rare benign condition characterized by bilateral ovarian enlargement associated with pregnancies where high concentrations of maternal serum human chorionic gonadotrophins are present. This condition may mimic the ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. We report a case of a 34 year old woman with a history of chronic renal ...
Abdelsayed R A - - 1999
Heterotopic brain tissue is an extremely rare developmental malformation. It is considered to be one of the very rare choristomatous lesions involving the oral cavity. We present a case of glial choristoma located on the dorsal surface of the tongue, midline area, in an 8-month-old African-American female baby. The clinical, ...
Del Bene M - - 1999
The authors describe a case of Noma or Cancrum Oris, an oral gangrenous disease, features more frequently found in children from developing countries. The clinical features, its ethiopathogenesis, and its particular link with different geographic and economic areas of the world, its clinical evolution as well as surgical treatment are ...
Warner H H - - 1999
At AMIA 1997, we reported on the design and development of a new computer-based tool, called QID, for empiric antibiotic decision support. QID was designed to help physicians identify the antibiotic regimens with the highest probability of covering the pathogens that are most likely to be present in individual patients. ...
Demitsu T - - 1999
We report 3 cases of lipodermatosclerosis (LDS) and discuss the nosology of similar disorders caused by venous insufficiency of the legs. These cases are characterized by (1) occurrence in middle-aged or aged woman, (2) painful, indurated erythema with hyperpigmented scleroderma-like hardening on the lower leg, (3) lobular panniculitis with membranocystic ...
Chowfin A - - 1999
We describe a woman with unusual complications of infection with Coccidioides immitis--infection of the genital tract and adrenal insufficiency. The patient also had intestinal coccidioidomycosis (cocci) in conjunction with presumed pulmonary, and asymptomatic central nervous system cocci. To our knowledge, concurrent FGC, intestinal and adrenal cocci have not been reported ...
Derakhshani P - - 1999
We report on a 38-year-old patient with a giant retroperitoneal hemangiopericytoma associated with bilateral paraneoplastic gynecomastia, which led to an almost uncontrollable hemorrhage on initial surgery due to the extreme hypervascularity of the process. After angiographic evaluation and superselective embolization, a complete surgical excision of a hemangiopericytoma weighing almost 1,000 ...
Martínez-Lage J F - - 1999
Most cases of craniosynostosis are diagnosed during early infancy, but occasionally craniosynostosis evolves with minimal cranial involvement and goes unnoticed until late childhood. Seemingly these mild forms of craniosynostosis cause few, if any, symptoms of neurological involvement. We describe the cases of a 9-year-old girl and a 6-year-old boy who ...
McAfee B J - - 1999
The holdings of eight collections of fungi have been examined for organisms isolated from wood and/or trees. Further selection of these fungi has been made according to their reported ability to produce volatile, biologically active metabolites. It is emphasized that the isolates in the collections do not necessarily produce such ...
Hamdi N - - 1999
Alkoptonuria is an inherited metabolic disorder which is associated with various systemic abnormalities and related to the deposition of homogentisic acid pigment in connective tissues. These pigmentary changes are termed "ochronosis". We describe two patients with ochronotic arthropathy who presented with progressive and advanced degenerative changes in the lumbo-sacral spine. ...
Sztajnbok J - - 1999
A previously healthy seven-year-old boy was admitted to the intensive care unit because of toxaemia associated with varicella. He rapidly developed shock and multisystem organ failure associated with the appearance of a deep-seated soft tissue infection and, despite aggressive treatment, died on hospital day 4. An M-non-typable, spe A and ...
Krishna A - - 1999
An accessory limb associated with spina bifida was already reported by the authors. We had then described it as a result of a very early splitting of the limb bud arising from the paraxial mesoderm. We have subsequently seen three other such cases, which are described in this report as ...
Federici S - - 1998
The authors describe a case of a 5-years-old girl affected by diffuse oesophageal leiomyomatosis presenting with progressive dysphagia, cyanosis, recurrent pneumonia and retrosternal pain. She also suffered from occasional constipation due to perineal involvement by the disease and had a past history of recurrent microscopic hematuria, suggesting an association with ...
Kappagoda C - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To highlight the increase in the number of cases of clonidine overdose admitted to a specialist paediatric hospital, with particular reference to the clinical features, clinical course and circumstances surrounding the incident. METHODS: Cases of clonidine overdose were identified by review of the emergency department attendance register, the intensive ...
Crètel E - - 1998
The authors report the observation of a 31-year-old woman who presented with total occlusion of digestive arteries and was successfully treated pharmacologically. A review of the literature shows that digestive arteries thrombosis is a rare condition in young women. Only 15 cases have been previously reported. Prognosis was poor with ...
Ohara S - - 1998
We report an autopsy case of a 64 year-old Japanese man diagnosed as having leukoencephalopathy caused by tegafur, a 5-fluorouracil derivative, and review seven previous cases, mostly reported in Japan. In the present case, tegafur had been orally administered for the shortest period of 3 weeks in pre- and postoperative ...
Farkas R - - 1998
Veterinarians in Hungary were asked to complete a questionnaire on traumatic myiasis; of the 664 veterinarians contacted, 247 replied (37.2 per cent) and of these 209 (84.6 per cent) reported myiasis to be a problem among the livestock they treated. Infestation levels of > 10 per cent of animals were ...
Ponce P - - 1998
Gliomatosis cerebri (GC), is a rare neoplastic disease (less than 150 cases reported in the literature) with a diffuse, widespread proliferation of neoplastic glial cells in the brain, generally affecting both hemispheres and involving the gray and white matter [1-3]. Less commonly, the cerebellum, the brain stem and the medulla ...
Bauduer F - - 1998
Autoimmune neutropenia (AIN) is a rare hematological disorder for which no standard treatment has been established so far. A brief review of the literature is presented herein concerning the use of G-CSF in this indication. The good results in terms of neutrophils increment and infection prophylaxis render G-CSF attractive for ...
Tanimoto T - - 1998
Intrahepatic pylephlebitis was detected in 17 Japanese beef cattle. Grossly, the intrahepatic vessels in the caudate lobe and/or in the periphery of the other hepatic lobes were thickened and protruded above the lobar surface. The vessel lumina were packed with white to red, waste thread-like contents. A few immature flukes ...
Swartz R - - 1998
An unusual case of calciphylaxis, presenting at the onset of end-stage renal disease and evolving into an extended and arduous hospital stay, is described. The medical approach to this case is addressed briefly, but the main focus of this paper is to describe, in the words of various participants, the ...
Agresta F - - 1998
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: The authors report their experience with thrombolytic therapy in seven cases of graft thrombosis managed successfully with low-dose i.v. rt-TPA. In six patients the cause was an anatomical one and so, after the successful lysis, there was enough time to confirm a correct diagnosis and plan the ...
Gupta A K - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Onychocola canadensis is a nondermatophyte mold associated with onychomycosis particularly in temperate climates (eg, Canada, New Zealand, and France). The slow growth rate of O canadensis and lack of resemblance to any other known nail-infecting fungus may have delayed its discovery. We are aware of 23 mycologically confirmed cases ...
Tanaka H - - 1998
Portal vein thrombosis as a complication of liver cirrhosis has been reported to be extremely rare in Japan, as compared with European countries. There are few reports discussing the correlation of portal vein thrombosis with refractory ascites. Between January 1994 and December 1995, 20 cases (91%) of 22 patients with ...
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