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Results 451 - 500 of 1032
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Pynn B R - - 2001
The case of a 23-year-old with a benign cementoblastoma is presented. The clinicopathologic features, treatment and prognosis are discussed and a brief review of the literature is presented. Although this neoplasm is rare, the dental practitioner should be aware of the clinical features that will lead to its early diagnosis ...
Lucena R - - 2001
The clinicopathological features of an unusual case of a five-month-old male Spanish mastiff, which was presented with clinical signs indicative of severe hepatic failure, are reported. Fluid replacement therapy, colloid plasma expanders, antibiotics and diuretic drugs were unsuccessful in improving the animal's general condition, and euthanasia was elected by the ...
Wolff M - - 2001
A 19-month-old boy presented with acute-onset cerebellar ataxia following immunisation. Ataxia was prolonged with a fluctuating course over a period of two years. Opsoclonus was never observed. Extensive diagnostic studies were negative during this time. Finally, a neuroblastoma was discovered. Ataxia disappeared completely during polychemotherapy. This report suggests that occult ...
Banks D E - - 2001
The recognition that irritant exposures can cause asthma is not new. Many investigators turn towards the gassings of soldiers in World War I as the first examples of this, while Brooks, in 1985, reported this in detail in workers and called it 'Reactive Airways Dysfunction Syndrome (RADS)'. There is considerable ...
Lively M W - - 2001
Exercise-related syncope may result from various underlying medical conditions, with vasovagal reactions being the most common cause in young athletes. However, psychological causes also need to be considered in the differential diagnosis of syncope. This case report presents an athlete who suffered a syncopal event with residual motor and sensory ...
Kirchgatterer A - - 2001
We report the case of a 44-year-old woman who suffered from biliary-type pain after cholecystectomy, dysphagia, and weight loss. Examinations revealed sphincter of Oddi dysfunction (SOD) and achalasia. Complete relief of symptoms was achieved by endoscopic sphincterotomy and pneumatic dilation of the distal esophagus. This case report demonstrates for the ...
Park Y B - - 2001
We reviewed ten cases of Wegener's granulomatosis with special emphasis on the characteristics of the early stage of Wegener's granulomatosis. All patients presented with nonspecific symptoms and signs, so that Wegener's granulomatosis was not initially considered. However, half of the patients had clinical or radiologic disease in the nose/or paranasal ...
Seregard S - - 2001
PURPOSE: To emphasize the differences between angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) and Kimura's disease (KD), two entities often confused in the ophthalmic literature. METHODS: Case report of a subcutaneous mass in the periocular region of a 45-year old woman and a MEDLINE review of the ophthalmic and non-ophthalmic literature on ...
Bertolini F - - 2001
A case of hemimandibular hyperplasia in a young patient treated 12 years ago is presented. Clinical and radiographic findings were consistent with a diagnosis of right hemimandibular hyperplasia. An early high condylectomy was performed. In our opinion, the esthetic and functional results after this long-term follow-up are fairly satisfactory. We ...
Van Eijkeren M A - - 2001
PURPOSE OF INVESTIGATION: The treatment of "high risk" persistent trophoblastic disease (PTD) consists of poly-chemotherapy. This policy probably will lead to overtreatment of some patients. Also, familiar molar pregnancies through the paternal line are unknown in the literature up till now. METHODS: We describe two cases of "high risk" PTD ...
Cardiano P - - 2001
In this paper we report on the results regarding the hydric properties of lithic materials widely used in north-eastern Sicily. We report also on the hydrophobic properties of these stones treated with some preserving products (silanes, siloxanes, epoxides, perfluoropolyethers, acrylates, acrylsilicones). In addition, the quantitative colour readings of the untreated ...
Sundar K M - - 2001
A 74-year-old woman presented with a 2-day history of cough, dyspnea and wheezing following aspiration of a tetracycline tablet. She developed a left lower lobe pneumonitis, and bronchoscopy revealed left main bronchus narrowing and exudate. The course of this patient is discussed in reference to the available literature on toxic ...
Ng K C - - 2001
Mucocele of the appendix, a nonspecific and descriptive term for an abnormal mucous accumulation within the appendiceal lumen, regardless of the underlying cause, is a rare clinical disease that is not usual as a consideration in the differential diagnosis of right lower quadrant lesions. The reported prevalence of mucocele of ...
Shobeiri S A - - 2000
Pathologic inhibitors of blood coagulation as a cause of postpartum acquired hemostatic failure are rare. Since 1937, 96 cases of postpartum factor VIII (FVIII) inhibitors, including the current case, have been reported. Suspicion for the diagnosis of this condition is often low. We report a case of postpartum FVIII inhibitor ...
Taylor G N - - 2000
Decompression sickness is an uncommon but serious risk associated with flying and SCUBA diving with potential for significant morbidity and mortality. It can occur in both novice and experienced individuals. This case illustrates an atypical presentation of decompression sickness in an experienced amateur SCUBA diver. Clinical suspicion must be high, ...
Ove R - - 2000
Cholangiocarcinoma typically presents with disease unlikely to be completely resected, and prognosis remains poor. Improvements in imaging, endoscopy, and stenting have given rise to renewed interest in brachytherapy. Several recent retrospective series suggest a benefit to intraluminal brachytherapy, most commonly delivered by the transhepatic route. We describe a case in ...
Bhattacharyya K B - - 2000
Sporadic paroxysmal exercise induced dystonia (PEID) is a rare condition. So far only fifteen cases have been reported in the world literature. It is characterised by dystonic posture on prolonged exercise, which gets relieved with rest. In general, these are refractory to medical treatment. We report one such case, along ...
Chigusa Y - - 2000
A third-stage larva of Dryomyza formosa (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Dryomyzidae) was found in the fresh stool of a 27-year-old Japanese woman resident of Shiobara, 150 km north of Tokyo, on 16 November 1998. This is the first record of myiasis due to Dryomyza. Detection of this maggot (2cm long) by the ...
Lifshitz M - - 2000
This study presents a case of severe disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) in a 3-year-old child following envenomation by the snake, Cerastes vipera. A literature search revealed very few similar cases. We describe a child who was bitten in his left foot by a snake identified as a C. vipera. Initial ...
Buka R - - 2000
We report an unusual case of acquired dermal melanocytosis occurring in a 57-year-old African-American woman. Macular pigmentation over the patient's cheeks, back, and sclerae developed over the course of 18 months without identifiable antecedent. The patient was taking only hormone replacement therapy and was generally healthy. Histologic examination of the ...
Patetsios P - - 2000
Calciphylaxis is a complication caused by secondary hyperparathyroidism in patients with chronic renal failure. These patients may present with clinical findings of ischemic necrosis involving the skin and muscle resulting in subsequent gangrene and vascular calcifications. We report a rare case of necrotizing mastopathy caused by calciphylaxis in a 70-year-old ...
Watson D B - - 2000
Exercise rhabdomyolysis (ER) is a rare, sometimes catastrophic condition where muscle fibers breakdown in response to exertion and release their breakdown products into the circulation. While ER was brought to the medical community's attention largely through reports from military training establishments we are unaware of ER having resulted from the ...
Leo R J - - 2000
Tramadol hydrochloride is a centrally acting analgesic with a partial affinity for the opiate receptor (mu), having an analgesic potency estimated to be one tenth that of morphine. While preclinical investigations suggested that abuse liability associated with tramadol use is low, there are increasing numbers of cases reported to the ...
Chourdia V - - 2000
Malignant External Otitis (MEO) usually occurring in middle aged or elderly diabetics is uncommonly seen in children and rarely in infants. Various studies done so far have proved that immunological disturbance is present in case of MEO, Eliashiv et al (1978) and Yust et al (1980) have proved that cell ...
Reagan D S - - 2000
This report describes a case of cross-arm transfer. Satisfactory function was restored, including good protective sensation, excellent grip strength, and surprisingly good return to preoperative activities. Cross-arm transfer should be considered in situations where bilateral arm amputation is present and neither can be replanted because of tissue loss.
Helm T N - - 2000
Spiny keratoderma is a descriptive term used to encompass a variety of unusual, disparate keratodermas. Spiny keratoderma has been associated with lipid abnormalities and has been limited to the palms and soles in some individuals. We describe an acquired case of spiny keratoderma in which an adult woman developed filiform ...
Wright S M - - 2000
We had attempted to publish a report of an unusual manifestation of an uncommon disease discovered at autopsy. The case report was not accepted for publication because we had failed to order a highly specific test that would have unequivocally confirmed the diagnosis we entertained and subsequently wrote about. After ...
Federici A B - - 2000
The acquired von Willebrand syndrome (AvWS) is a rare bleeding disorder with laboratory findings similar to those of congenital von Willebrand disease (vWD). Despite the numerous cases reported in the literature until 1999 (n = 266), large studies on AvWS are not available. Moreover, diagnosis of AvWS has been difficult ...
Purohit A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Quaternary ammonium compounds, among which benzalkonium chloride is one of the best-known, are commonly used as antiseptics, disinfectants, detergents and preservatives. They can cause occupational asthma, which however, has been rarely reported so far, despite wide use of these products. We report three such cases. Possible mechanisms causing asthma ...
Luedemann W O - - 2000
The authors report the case of a 27-year-old woman with an arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC) associated with atlantoaxial subluxation. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of its kind. The authors review the literature with reference to dysraphic abnormalities associated with atlantoaxial subluxation and with AMC. The patient ...
Bargman H - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Tinea capitis is a worldwide problem and occurs most commonly in young children. Certain common fungal types are most often recognized as the responsible infecting organism. OBJECTIVE: This article presents the case of an elderly woman with tinea capitis caused by a fungal organism that rarely infects hair. A ...
Gelmetti C - - 2000
Tungiasis is an infestation of the skin caused by the flea Tunga penetrans. It is not rare in western Europe because of tourism to tropical and subtropical countries. However, tungiasis has been very rarely reported in children. We describe a case of tungiasis in a 3-year-old child. The infestation was ...
Olichney J M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: We have previously reported an association between severe cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) and cerebrovascular lesions in Alzheimer disease (AD), which is particularly strong for microinfarcts, hemorrhages, and multiple lesion types. Cerebral amyloid angiopathy has also been associated with the apolipoprotein E4 (APOE4) genotype, which is in turn associated with ...
Porta M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The aim was to analyse the magnitude, direction and predictors of change in the main hospital discharge diagnosis (HDD) after a clinical expert review, among patients included in a multicentre molecular epidemiologic study of biliopancreatic diseases. METHODS: A total of 602 patients with a suspicion diagnosis of pancreas cancer ...
Tsuchiya K - - 2000
We investigated clinicopathologically the pyramidal signs, including spasticity, hyperreflexia, and Babinski's sign, and the involvement of the pyramidal tract and primary motor cortex, in seven Japanese autopsy cases of multiple system atrophy (MSA). Pyramidal signs were observed in six (86%) of the seven autopsy cases. Hyperreflexia and Babinski's sign were ...
Manfredi R - - 2000
A case of isolated necrotizing cytomegalovirus (CMV) oophoritis disclosed only by necropsy studies in a patient with AIDS, is described. This unusual case report is discussed with a review of the literature dealing with CMV involvement of genital organs in the immunocompromised host, and in patients with HIV infection and ...
Simmons J L - - 2000
Auditory neuropathy (AN) has been described in the literature as presenting with a combination of audiometric findings that include elevated behavioral audiometric thresholds, auditory brainstem response findings that are not consistent with audiometric findings, poor speech recognition, and present otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) and/or cochlear microphonics. Since the availability of clinical ...
Eke N N Urology Unit, Department of Surgery, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, - - 2000
Although there is much consensus, certain controversies exist regarding the management of Fournier's gangrene. Publications in English on Fournier's gangrene from January 1950 to September 1999 were obtained through the Medline database and relevant reference lists in publications. It was possible to identify 1726 cases for study. Data extracted for ...
Githeko A K - - 2000
Abdominal cocoon (idiopathic sclerosing peritonitis) has now been reported in many parts of the world but remains principally a disease of the tropics and sub-tropics. Five cases diagnosed at a rural Kenyan hospital between 1993 and 1998 are presented and the operative findings and management is discussed. Although the condition ...
Knobel B - - 2000
By computer search of the literature, we found few cases of hydronephrosis due to fecal impaction. Because such a complication is extremely rare, we describe an 81-year-old woman with dementia, gallstones, arterial hypertension, and diverticulosis of the sigma who was hospitalized for severe constipation, fecaloma, and bilateral hydronephrosis. Through simultaneous ...
Delvaux M - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Standardization of the endoscopic report is a key issue for future research in the field of digestive endoscopy. The Minimal Standard Terminology (MST) has been proposed by the European Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) as a structured language for production of computerized endoscopic reports. The aim ...
Collard J M - - 2000
Successful management of lymphatic leaks by continuous IV administration of somatostatin was first reported by Ulibarri and coworkers in Spain,(1) and more recently by authors from Italy(2) and Switzerland.(3) The present article reports the clinical history of two patients in whom postsurgical lymphatic leak was successfully treated after the administration ...
Sood M - - 2000
Post-term choriocarcinoma is an infrequent event with poor prognosis. The diagnosis is usually delayed due to failure to recognise the mode of presentation of this disease. Being a rare occurrence, limited data is available regarding its clinical features. The choriocarcinoma in our patient presented as an isolated huge pedunculated growth ...
Atsawasuwan P - - 2000
Gingival hyperpigmentation may cause esthetic problems and embarrassment, especially in patients with a gummy smile. This report presents the use of the Nd:YAG laser for gingival depigmentation. Four cases, 3 females and 1 male, ages between 24 to 28 years old, presented with the same chief complaint of unesthetic gingiva ...
Ricca R L RL Jr Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences School of Medicine, Bethesda, MD, - - 2000
This case report discusses the finding of a periosteal (juxtacortical) chondroma of the cuboid in a 7-year-old male. While this lesion is well recognized in the tubular bones of adults, this case is unusual due to the child's age, the site of the lesion (cuboid), and the difficulty in establishing ...
Michels R - - 2000
Case histories report the basic data of psychoanalysis, and yet they are strikingly infrequent in the psychoanalytic literature. This reflects not only the methodological problems in describing psychoanalytic cases, but also the complex intentions of psychoanalysts who want both to present and to conceal aspects of their work. The history ...
Magro G - - 2000
Neurofibromas of the gastrointestinal tract are usually associated with neurofibromatosis type 1 (Nfl), or they are exclusive manifestations of the so-called "familial intestinal neurofibromatosis". Gastrointestinal neurofibromas can rarely occur as sporadic lesions in the jejunum and stomach, and only exceptionally in the mesentery. A critical review of the literature revealed ...
Bross D C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Cases of child abuse filed in court as crimes against children represent a small percentage of the total numbers of children maltreated. However, studying crimes of maltreatment against children is important for individual victims and their families, and for theory and policy in order to assure that these cases ...
Kaneko K - - 2000
An osteochondroma is a common developmental tumor of bone characterized by abnormal peri-physeal ectopic enchondral ossification. This results in a cartilage-capped subperiosteal bony projection, which may be either sessile or pedunculated. These lesions are said to grow until skeletal maturity. The cartilage cap is thought to become thinner as the ...
Woo P C - - 2000
We report the first adult patient with virologically confirmed croup caused by parainfluenza virus type 3 and review 10 cases of adult croup described in the English-language literature. Circumstantial evidence of viral infection was present in only 1 other case, in which there was a rise in antibody titer against ...
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