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- - 2014
Reassuring but possibly surprising; dentist variation in caries diagnosis is 'fairly low'.
Cabezas Mariano M Department of Computer Architecture and Technology, University of Girona, Spain; Magnetic Resonance Unit, Department of Radiology, Vall d'Hebron University Hospital, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Automatic multiple sclerosis lesion segmentation is a challenging task. An extensive analysis of the most recent techniques indicates an improvement of the results obtained when using prior knowledge and contextual information. We present BOOST, a knowledge-based approach to automatically segment multiple sclerosis lesions through a voxel by voxel classification. We ...
Toro Paula Cruz PC Unidad Funcional de Otorrinolaringología y Alergia, Hospital Universitario Quirón Dexeus, Agrupació Mèdica I Quirúrgica (AMiQ), Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Osteomas are benign lesions of the lamellar bone that within the temporal region are common in the external ear canal. Osteomas of the middle ear are extremely rare and until now there are only 14 reported cases. They usually present with conductive hearing loss while others are asymptomatic and diagnosed ...
Kim Juyoung J Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Gangnam CHA Hospital, CHA University, Seoul, - - 2014
Torsion of uterine adnexa is an important cause of acute abdominal pain in females. The main organ which can cause torsion is the ovaries, but torsions of the fallopian tube, subserosal myoma, paratubal cyst, and even the uterine body have been reported. The incidence of isolated fallopian tubal torsion is ...
Bang Chang Seok CS Department of Internal Medicine, Hallym University College of Medicine, Chuncheon, - - 2014
Xanthoma is an uncommon nonneoplastic lesion resulting from the accumulation of histiocytes. It predominantly shows cutaneous manifestations associated with dyslipidemia. However, xanthoma of the esophagus is extremely rare. To the best of our knowledge, only 14 cases have been reported thus far. The clinical significance of this lesion has not ...
Kim B B From the Departments of Radiology (B.K., K.K., P.J., S.K., H.K., H.B., J.C.) and Neurosurgery (S.H., K.J.), Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Antiplatelet resistance is known to be associated with symptomatic ischemic complication after endovascular coil embolization. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the relationship between antiplatelet resistance and clinically silent thromboembolic complications using DWI in patients who underwent coil embolization for unruptured intracranial aneurysm. Between October 2011 and May ...
Agrawal Ranjan R Professor, Department of Pathology, Rohilkhand Medical College Hospital , Bareilly, India - - 2014
Syringocystadenoma papilliferum is a benign hamartomatous adnexal tumour. Most of the patients present with solitary lesions in the head and neck region at birth or in early childhood. Multiple lesions are rarely seen and those which arise outside the head and neck region are even more uncommon. A case of ...
Grant Lorna W LW University of Arizona Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Science , Tucson, Arizona , - - 2014
ABSTRACT Congenital simple hamartoma of the retinal pigment epithelium (CSHRPE) is a rare tumor speculated to arise from the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). A case of CSHRPE is presented herein along with the related literature. A healthy 20-year-old Middle-Eastern man was evaluated for an asymptomatic retinal lesion found on routine ...
Kim Seok Won SW Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, Chosun University, Gwangju, - - 2014
Synovial cysts are recognized as an uncommon cause of radicular and myelopathic symptoms. They are most frequently found in the lumbar region. The cervical spine or cervicothoracic junction is a rare location for a degenerative intraspinal synovial cyst as compared with the lumbar spine. At given cervical spinal levels, synovial ...
Murray Timothy G - - 2014
The authors present three cases in which spectral-domain optical coherence tomography was used to identify fine-needle aspiration biopsy incision sites. These biopsies were performed to obtain tissue for gene expression profiling of choroidal tumors. A transvitreal route into the apex of the tumors was utilized for the biopsies while the ...
Newlands Carrie C Royal Surrey County Hospital, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
This is the second of 2 articles giving an overview of the current evidence for management of the neck and parotid in cutaneous cancers of the head and neck. We discuss cutaneous malignant melanoma and review the latest evidence for management of the regional nodes.
Takeda Takayuki T Division of Respiratory Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Uji Tokushukai Medical Center, - - 2014
Small cell carcinoma (SCC) predominantly spreading over the pleura is exceedingly rare and difficult to diagnose without proof of malignant effusion. A 65-year-old man presented with right pleural thickening and effusion and was diagnosed with SCC based on a thoracoscopic pleural biopsy. He received combined chemotherapy consisting of cisplatin and ...
Bhardwaj Neil N Leicester General Hospital, Leicester, - - 2014
A 74-year-old woman was diagnosed with histologically proven multiple bilobar hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) in 2012. The lesions were inoperable and a repeat CT scan prior to starting chemotherapy revealed spontaneous regression of these lesions. Subsequent repeat scans have revealed continued regression of these lesions despite no active treatment. The case ...
Benaïm Gilles G *Département de Biopathologie, Centre Léon Bérard, Lyon, France; †Cancer Diagnosis and Pathology Group, Kolling Institute of Medical Research, Royal North Shore Hospital, St Leonards, Australia; ‡Northern Translational Cancer Research Unit, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia; §Laboratoire de Pathologie, St Savine, France; ¶Services de Dermatologie, and ‖Pathologie, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France; and **Service de Dermatologie, Hôpitaux de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, - - 2013
: Trichoblastoma is a benign cutaneous adnexal tumor, composed mostly of follicular germinative cells. Its pigmented variant is colonized by numerous dendritic melanocytes. So far, only one case in the literature describes a combination of trichoblastoma and melanoma. We report the case of a 62-year-old man who had a slow-growing ...
Piperi Evangelia P - - 2013
Spitz tumor (nevus) is a rare, melanocytic lesion that primarily affects children and adolescents. The lesion may share many clinical and histological similarities with malignant melanoma and careful microscopic examination is required to render the proper diagnosis. Complete excision with close follow-up is considered the appropriate treatment. Despite the common ...
Nasseri Eiman - - 2013
Congenital hemangiomas have been divided into 2 major subtypes based on clinical behavior: rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma (RICH) and noninvoluting congenital hemangioma (NICH). We describe a clinical subtype of congenital hemangioma that begins as a RICH but fails to completely involute and persists as a NICH-like lesion. We propose the ...
Martin Richard - - 2013
Biphasic lesions composed of melanocytic and epithelial components are not uncommon. Combined trichoepithelioma and cellular blue naevus is a rare lesion that may mimic melanoma clinically. The authors describe what they believe to be the fourth case of this rare tumor and review the literature. Recent descriptions of malignant basomelanocytic ...
Kim Myeong Jin - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate and compare the incidence of diffusion-weighted image (DWI) lesions between the Guglielmi detachable coil (GDC) and the Target coil for treating unruptured intracranial aneurysm. From 2010 to 2011, consecutive 222 patients with an intracranial aneurysm underwent coil embolization. Inclusion criterias were ...
Narayanan Veena S - - 2013
Adenomatoid odontogenic tumor (AOT) usually presents as a unilocular, pericoronal radiolucency in the maxillary anterior region in adolescent females. Very few conditions occur in such a narrow age range and at such a restrictive site. Rarely, these tumors present with varied clinical features. A case of AOT of the mandible ...
Gupta Nishant - - 2013
Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHD) is a rare, autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the development of hair follicle tumors, renal tumors and pulmonary cysts. BHD is caused by heterozygous, predominantly truncating mutations in the folliculin (FLCN) gene located on chromosome 17, which encodes a highly conserved tumor suppressor protein. Although management of ...
Uyar Belkiz - - 2013
Chondroid syringoma, or mixed tumor of skin, is a relatively rare, usually benign sweat gland tumor, most often seen in the head-and-neck region. Rare malignant examples have been reported, commonly involving the extremities. We report here a case radiologically mimicking a malignant neoplasm, but histologically-proven benign subcutaneous chondroid syringoma, arising ...
Salehinejad Jahanshah J Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Faculty of Dentistry and Dental Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2013
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors (IMTs) are extremely rare neoplasms with a variable natural history and biologic behavior, ranging from completely benign to malignant tumors with fatal outcome. They have no common identifiable cause, although some authors have assumed that any inflammatory stimulus may cause these pseudotumors. They are most commonly found ...
Aggarwal Roopak R Department of Pathology, School of Medical Sciences and Research, Sharda Hospital, Greater Noida, - - 2013
Cylindroma is a benign adnexal tumor, which occurs as solitary dermal nodules on the scalp and forehead. Cylindroma of the breast is a rare lesion. Fine-needle aspiration is often the first line of investigation. In this communication, we illustrate the cytomorphological feature of cylindroma in a 61-year-old female patient who ...
Juárez Africa - - 2013
: We present a 48-year-old man with a 1-year history of nodular lesion on the chest. On clinical examination, the tumor was ulcerated and had a translucent appearance with an erythematous halo. Histopathologic examination revealed a nodular lesion that comprised the upper half of the dermis and ulcerated the epidermis. ...
Wang Yue - - 2013
Prior studies have suggested that vertebral end plate morphometrics and lesions may play a role in disc degeneration. However, most prior end plate studies have been based on radiographic images, and findings of associations between end plate morphometrics (measurements of size and shape) and disc degeneration remain controversial. The present ...
de Santana Santos Thiago - - 2013
The calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor or Gorlin cyst is an uncommon lesion with a variable clinical behavior and considerable histopathologic diversity. The authors report a case of calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor that was being treated as a maxillary sinus mucocele. The possibility of mimicking numerous odontogenic and nonodontogenic lesions makes ...
Nayal Bhavna - - 2013
Aggressive angiomyxomas are uncommon mesenchymal tumours which most often arise in the perineal and the pelvic regions in women. Extragenital aggressive angiomyxonas are extremely rare. We are reporting a young male with an aggressive angiomyxoma which involved the axillary region and extended into the anterior chest wall, which demonstrated its ...
Vani D - - 2013
Hidrocystomas are rare cystic lesions that form benign tumours of the sweat glands. In this report, a clinical case of multiple apocrine hidrocystomas on both the upper and lower eyelids, and on both the malar regions has been discussed. These lesions are less likely than the eccrine lesions to occur ...
Bhanu Prakash - - 2013
Neutrophilic eccrine hidradenitis (NEH) is a distinctive dermatosis occurring in patients with malignancy or undergoing chemotherapy. This disorder is characterized by a neutrophilic infiltrate around the eccrine glands and secretory coils, and is associated with necrosis. It must be distinguished from infections, drug eruptions, malignancies or other forms of skin ...
Shanavas M - - 2013
Osteoma is a benign slow growing osteogenic lesion, composed of well-differentiated mature bone tissue, characterized by the proliferation of compact or cancellous bone, almost exclusively found in the head and neck region. Central, peripheral and extra skeletal are the three variants of osteoma. Trauma, inflammation, developmental disorders and genetic defects ...
Shakya Hemant - - 2013
Ameloblastoma is a slow-growing benign neoplasm that has a strong tendency to local invasion and that can grow to be quite large without metastasizing. Rare examples of distant metastasis of an ameloblastoma in lungs or regional lymph nodes do exist. It has an aggressive and recurrent course and is rarely ...
Gonçalves Nuno Moreira - - 2013
Purpose. To present a case study of a monocular acquired vitelliform lesion, studied with multimodal fundus imaging (spectral-domain-optical coherence tomography, fundus autofluorescence, and fluorescein angiography) with a followup of three years. Case Report. An asymptomatic macular lesion was detected on a 64-year-old man. Fundus exam revealed a macular lesion with ...
Goussard Pierre - - 2013
A 3-year-old boy presented with severe airway obstruction which was diagnosed as asthma. He improved but had repeated episodes of severe airway obstruction. On clinical examination, he had a tracheal cough and monophonic wheezing. Imaging revealed a large lesion in the distal part of the trachea which was confirmed by ...
Ishizaki Masahiro - - 2013
Primary malignant melanoma of the gastrointestinal tract is very rare, especially in the stomach. We report an extremely rare case of primary malignant melanoma of the esophagogastric junction mainly situated in the stomach. The patient was a 72-year-old woman who complained of shortness of breath due to severe anemia. Upper ...
Krishna C Vijay - - 2013
Hobnail hemangioma is a rare, benign vascular growth that typically presents in the third and fourth decades of life. It classically presents as a targetoid lesion with a violaceous central papule surrounded by a peripheral ecchymotic rim. Common sites of involvement include extremities and trunk. We present this case of ...
Kim Bong Chul - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Central giant cell granuloma (CGCG) is a benign lesion of the jaws. In most cases, the lesion presents as a painless, slow-growing swelling of the jaws. Ossifying fibroma (OF) of the jaw is a benign neoplasm that consists of variable amounts of mineralized material embedded in a fibrous stroma. ...
Chan C C - - 2012
The vast majority of malignant melanomas occur in the skin. These are associated with sunlight exposure and thought to be due to ultraviolet radiation. Melanomas in rare instances (1.3-1.4 percent) may originate from extracutaneous tissues such as the leptomeninges.(1) They have also been reported arising from gastrointestinal, respiratory and genitourinary ...
Prasad G Lakshmi - - 2012
Neurenteric cysts are rare, benign, endodermally derived tumors of the central nervous system. Intracranial neurenteric cysts are rare with posterior fossa being the most common location among them. Neurenteric cyst of the craniocervical region is very rare. Authors report a rare case of neurenteric cyst located in the ventral cervicomedullary ...
Nakamura Yoshiyuki - - 2012
Abstract It is extremely rare that swelling of pelvic lymph nodes is found when inguinal lymph nodes contain only a microscopic amount of disease without enlargement. A 69-year-old woman with malignant melanoma of the heel was treated with a wide, local excision. About four years after the initial operation, a ...
Kurihara Yuichi - - 2012
Epithelioid hemangioma (EH) or angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is an uncommon benign disease. We report an unusual case of EH (ALHE) that arose on the lower back in a zosteriform array. The presence of the characteristic histological appearance of plump endothelial cells with hobnail-like protrusions led to the diagnosis ...
Pickett David O - - 2012
The literature is devoid of articles on spontaneous orofacial hemorrhage with hematoma formation without an underlying condition. Rupture of an arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is possibly the rarest form of spontaneous hemorrhage and life-threatening hematoma formation. This pathology is widely known because of its occurrence in the central nervous system, but ...
Lee Brian J - - 2012
A 45-year-old woman with a medial canthal mass associated with new-onset epiphora was found to have a darkly pigmented mass arising from the lacrimal sac wall because of intranasal pencil trauma 40 years before. Resection of the graphite-induced granuloma with dacryocystorhinostomy was curative.
Jensen Gordon L - - 2012
This tutorial presents a systematic approach to nutrition assessment based on a modern appreciation for the contributions of inflammation that serve as the foundation for newly proposed consensus definitions for malnutrition syndromes. Practical indicators of malnutrition and inflammation have been selected to guide diagnosis that include medical/surgical history and clinical ...
Seo Young Lan - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to assess the manual compressibility of thyroid masses with an ultrasound probe and to determine whether this ultrasound feature can be used to differentiate benign from malignant thyroid lesions. We prospectively compared images obtained during compression with an ultrasound probe and noncompressed ultrasound images ...
Durieux Rodolphe - - 2012
Bronchogenic cysts arise from an abnormal budding of the ventral diverticulum of the foregut or the tracheobronchial tree during embryogenesis. Pericardial location of these cysts is very rare. We describe a case of a young asymptomatic woman with an intrapericardial cystic mass compressing the right heart. Because of severe adhesions ...
Okumura Maria - - 2012
We present a case of an advanced invasive mole with a metastatic thrombus in the inferior vena cava in which sonography clearly showed vesicles in the myometrium, ovaries, and metastatic thrombus leading to a diagnosis of invasive mole rather than choriocarcinoma. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Ultrasound, 2012.
Shersher David D - - 2012
Histoplasmosis in the mediastinum is an uncommon diagnosis that presents similarly to other benign and neoplastic conditions encountered in the chest. Here we describe a 36-year-old woman who presented with dyspnea secondary to a large anterior mediastinal mass that was biopsy and culture negative for neoplasm or infection. Video-assisted thoracoscopic ...
Kenning Tyler J - - 2012
The authors present the case of a 21-year-old female with a progressive bitemporal hemianopsia. Cranial MR imaging revealed a large cystic suprasellar, retrochiasmatic lesion consistent with craniopharyngioma. The lesion was fully resected through an endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal and transplanum approach. Closure of the resultant dural defect was performed with a ...
Haskaraca Mehmet Fatih - - 2012
Malignant melanoma is characterized by the ability of diffuse metastases. Since the first report of an isolated malignant melanoma case of the gallbladder, it is already controversial whether isolated cases are metastatic or primary tumors. A 49-year-old woman appealed to the emergency unit because of abdominal pain. Ultrasonography revealed increased ...
Smyth Elizabeth - - 2012
We describe a case of acute functional deterioration in a 13-year-old girl with severe spastic diplegia (GMFCS III) and a new diagnosis of diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG). She presented with acute deterioration in mobility and motor function over 1 month, which was associated with dysarthria, dysphagia and behavioural change. ...
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