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Jacobs John C JC Jr University of Utah School of Medicine, 30 North 1900 East, Salt Lake City, UT 84132, USA. Electronic address: - - 2015
Multiple systems for classifying osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the knee have been reported. These existing classification systems have some similar characteristics, such as stable lesion/intact articular cartilage and presence of a loose body. However, variations are found in the number of stages and specific lesion characteristics assessed. Currently, no system ...
Policeni Bruno A BA Department of Radiology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, IA 52246, USA. Electronic address: - - 2015
The skull base is a critical landmark, separating intracranial from extracranial structures. This intricate anatomic structure has several foramina and crossing structures, which can be a challenge for novices. Comprehensive anatomic knowledge is critical for narrowing the differential diagnosis of lesions that may affect the skull base. These lesions can ...
Amores-Fuster I I Small Animal Teaching Hospital, University of Liverpool, Neston, Wirral, CH64 - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine common reasons for lymph node fine needle aspirates, cytological diagnoses reported and the frequency and reasons for non-diagnostic samples from dogs and cats. Retrospective study of computerised records of fine needle aspirate samples submitted to NationWide Laboratories (UK) between April 2009 and ...
Xu Jin J Department of Mechanical Engineering, Iowa State University, Black Engineering Hall, Ames, Iowa - - 2014
Cavitation-based histotripsy uses high-intensity focused ultrasound at low duty factor to create bubble clouds inside tissue to liquefy a region, and provides better fidelity to planned lesion coordinates and the ability to perform real-time monitoring. The goal of this study was to identify the most important mechanical properties for predicting ...
Bates Jane J - - 2014
Do you watch The Apprentice on BBC One? I find it riveting. The contestants, along with their critics and examiners, are the type of people I rarely encounter.
Paolo Ripellino R 1University of - - 2014
Abstract Balò's sclerosis is considered a rare variant of multiple sclerosis characterized by demyelination with concentric rings. Advanced magnetic resonance studies allow nowadays early diagnosis and prompt treatment. However, the pathophysiology of lesion evolution is still matter of debate, as detailed in our literature review. Based on a clear-cut Balò's ...
Kang Hwa Mi HM Hwa Mi Kang, Department of Internal Medicine, Busan Adeventist Hospital, Busan 602-819, South - - 2014
To investigate the difference in magnifying endoscopic findings of gastric epithelial dysplasias (GEDs) according to the morphologic characteristics. This study included 46 GED lesions in 45 patients who underwent magnifying endoscopy using narrow band imaging (ME-NBI) before endoscopic resection. During ME-NBI, the microvascular and microsurface (MS) patterns and the presence ...
Surej Kumar L K LK Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, PMS College of Dental Science and Research, Trivandrum, Kerala, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Ameloblastic fibro-odontoma (AFO) is a quite rare, mixed odontogenic tumour generally seen in the early stages of life. Frequent signs of this tumour are asymptomatic swelling, delayed tooth eruption and mixed radiological appearance within well-defined borders. Management of the lesion includes enucleation of the tumour and long-term follow-up. A 10-year-old ...
Nieto Maria M Unit of Pediatric Allergy and Pulmonology, Children's Hospital La Fe, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria La Fe, Valencia, - - 2014
Component resolved diagnosis (CRD) is able to identify specific IgE (sIgE) to species-specific allergenic molecules and differentiate true sensitization from cross-reaction. This has proved useful in patients diagnosed with sensitization to multiple pollens (1). The correct identification of true sensitization allows the proper choice of allergens for allergen-specific immunotherapy (AIT) ...
Popadić M M Clinic of Dermatovenereology, Clinical Centre of Serbia, Belgrade, - - 2014
The effect of size on diagnostic performance of dermoscopy in basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) is yet to be determined. To investigate the differences in dermoscopic features between small- and large-sized BCCs. A total of 151 BCCs consecutively collected during a 2-year period were analysed. These tumours were evaluated for the ...
Schwab Christoph C Clinic of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Graz, Graz, - - 2014
To gain more knowledge about presence and dermatological associations of iris nevi as well as possible pathways involved in the formation of iris nevi. We conducted a prospective, interdisciplinary observational study. Presence, morphology, topography of iris and cutaneous nevi as well as factors indicating sun-exposure were noted. A total of ...
Blume Guilherme R GR Laboratory of Veterinary Pathology (Blume, Reis Junior, Sant'Ana), University of Brasília, Brasília, Federal District, BrazilLaboratory of Research in Wildlife Animals (Veríssimo Monteiro), University of Brasília, Brasília, Federal District, BrazilVeterinary Pathology Service, Joint Pathology Center, Silver Spring, MD (Gardiner)U.S. National Parasite Collection, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, MD (Hoberg, - - 2014
The current report describes granulomatous pneumonia due to Spirocerca lupi in 2 free-ranging maned wolves (Chrysocyon brachyurus). Both wolves had multiple, white, 1-1.5 cm in diameter, soft, encapsulated granulomas in the caudal lung lobes, which contained centrally placed parasites on cut sections. Microscopically, there was granulomatous inflammation with numerous intralesional ...
Ingle Sachin B SB Sachin B Ingle, Swapna Patrike, Department of Pathology, MIMSR Medical College, Latur, Maharashtra 4132512, - - 2014
Primary splenic epithelial cyst is an unusual event in everyday surgical practice with about 800 cases reported until date in the English literature. Splenic cysts may be parasitic or non-parasitic in origin. Nonparasitic cysts are either primary or secondary. Primary cysts are also called true, congenital, epidermoid or epithelial cysts. ...
Zhang Q-Y QY Department of Pathology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, - - 2014
The successful diagnosis of chronic B cell lymphoproliferative neoplasms (B-CLPN) requires the integration of multiple parameters, beginning with clinical information, CBC data, and morphology review. Immunophenotyping is essential and genetic testing may also be necessary. However, the relative value of each specimen or ancillary study in the diagnosis and classification ...
Soares Paulo Vinícius PV Nucleus of Extension, Research and Teaching of NCCL, Operative Dentistry and Dental Materials Department, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Uberlandia, Av. Para, 1720 - Campus Umuarama - Bloco 4LA, Sala 4LA42. Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Postal Code: 38400-902, - - 2014
The present study aimed to analyze the effect of occlusal loading on premolars presenting different non-carious cervical lesions morphologies, restored (or not) with composite resin, using finite element analysis. Three-dimensional virtual models of maxillary premolar were generated using CAD software. Three non-carious cervical lesions morphological types were simulated: wedged- shaped, ...
Thway Khin K Sarcoma Unit, Royal Marsden Hospital, London UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Synovial sarcoma (SS) is a malignant mesenchymal neoplasm with variable epithelial differentiation, with a propensity to occur in young adults and which can arise at almost any site. It is generally viewed and treated as a high-grade sarcoma. As one of the first sarcomas to be defined by the presence ...
Banan Parastoo P Dermatology Research Centre, School of Medicine, Translational Research - - 2014
Glutathione S-transferase 1 is an enzyme involved in the detoxification of reactive oxygen species, and the rs1695*Val polymorphism has been proposed as a melanoma-associated variant with significant effect. We report a case of malignant melanoma in an individual homozygous for the rs1695*Val variant and discuss the non-invasive and histopathological tools ...
Fouque Emilie E Université de Poitiers, UMR CNRS 7267, Ecologie et Biologie des Interactions (EBI), 1 rue G. Bonnet, 86073, Poitiers, Cedex, France; Scientific and Technical Center for Building, AQUASIM, 11 rue Henri Picherit, BP 82341, 44323, Nantes, Cedex 3, - - 2014
Free-living amoebae are ubiquitous protozoa commonly found in water. Among them, Acanthamoeba and Vermamoeba (formerly Hartmannella) are the most represented genera. In case of stress, such as nutrient deprivation or osmotic stress, these amoebae initiate a differentiation process, named encystment. It leads to the cyst form, which is a resistant ...
Dobey Carrie L CL College of Veterinary Medicine (Dobey), University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TNDepartment of Microbiology (Grunenwald), University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TNDepartment of Biomedical and Diagnostic Sciences (Newman, Gerhold), University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TNDepartment of Forestry, Wildlife and Fisheries and the Center for Wildlife Health (Muller), University of Tennessee, Knoxville, - - 2014
Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues from elk (Cervus elaphus), goats, and camelids with case histories and lesions suggestive of Parelaphostrongylus tenuis were examined by histology to characterize lesions that could aid in definitively diagnosing P. tenuis infection. Additionally, sections of paraffin-embedded tissue were used in a nested polymerase chain reaction (nPCR) using ...
Ramezani Maryam M Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, - - 2014
In order to distinguish between benign and malignant types of pigmented skin lesions, computerized procedures have been developed for images taken by different equipment that the most available one of them is conventional digital cameras. In this research, a new procedure to detect malignant melanoma from benign pigmented lesions using ...
V Pranitha P Professor, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Mamata Dental College , Khammam, Telangana, India - - 2014
Hemangiomas are benign tumours of infancy and childhood, most commonly located in the head and neck region and occur more frequently in the lips, tongue and palate. The treatment depends upon lesion location, size and evolution stage and the patient's age. This paper describes the management of cavernous hemangioma in ...
Patterson Morganne M E MM Colorado State University Veterinary Medical Center, Fort Collins, - - 2014
Thymomas are uncommon neoplasms that are typically located in the cranioventral mediastinum in domestic species, which generally affects older animals. Medical records and sonograms of 50 animals diagnosed with either mediastinal thymoma (n = 35) or lymphoma (n = 15) between January 2005 and February 2012 were reviewed. Cases with ...
Karikoski N P NP Department of Equine and Small Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Helsinki, Finland - - 2014
Laminitis in equids is a clinical syndrome usually associated with systemic disease. Endocrinopathies recently have been recognized as the most common cause of laminitis, with hyperinsulinemia playing a key role. Descriptions of laminitis-associated lesions have been confusing due to the wide range of experimental models used, failure of adequate clinical ...
Price Trevor T Division of Hematologic Malignancies and Cellular Therapy, Duke University, Durham, NC 27710, - - 2014
In recent years, it has become increasingly evident that hematological malignancies can alter their microenvironment, but the therapeutic implications of these changes and potential targets have not been well characterized. Recent findings now describe how sympathetic neuropathy can drive malignant transformation of the hematopoietic stem cell niche in hematopoietic malignancies.
Mouttaki Tarik - - 2014
The diagnosis of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) might be difficult, in particular in endemic areas where different species of Leishmania can cause lesions of very similar appearance and where other skin diseases with similar clinical symptoms occur. Even today, the parasitological diagnosis of CL remains the gold standard and it is ...
Karadağ Köse O O Department of Dermatology, Medical Park Hospital, Ordu, - - 2014
There are only two case reports in literature regarding the trichoscopic features of temporal triangular alopecia (TTA). Differential diagnosis of other types of localized alopecia such as alopecia areata is necessary in some cases. To evaluate the potential benefit of trichoscopy in the clinical diagnosis of TTA. Nine patients with ...
Wang Yuehua Y Department of Pathogenic Biology, Jilin Medical College, Jilin, Jilin 132013, China. Email: - - 2014
The objective of this article was to review the current advances in diagnostic methods for Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK). Data used in this review were retrieved from PubMed (1970-2013). The terms "Acanthamoeba keratitis" and "diagnosis" were used for the literature search. Data from published articles regarding AK and diagnosis in clinical ...
Sano Daniela Tiemi DT Padre Bento of Guarulhos Hospital Complex, Guarulhos, SP, - - 2014
Focal acral hyperkeratosis is a rare genodermatosis with an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance. It is characterized by usually asymptomatic keratotic papules along the borders of the hands and/or feet. The main differential diagnosis is acrokeratoelastoidosis of Costa, which differs from the former only by not presenting elastorrhexis in histopathological ...
Duncan Ann E - - 2014
Malignant melanomas are aggressive neoplasms that are relatively common in penguins compared to other avian species. In this study, the clinical and pathologic characteristics of melanocytic neoplasms in five macaroni (Eudyptes chrysolophus), three rock hopper (Eudyptes chrysocome), and two Humboldt (Spheniscus humboldti) penguins are described. Tumors most commonly occurred in ...
Rath Rachna R Assistant Professor, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology, SCB Dental College & Hospital , Cuttack, India - - 2014
Chondrosarcoma (CS) is an uncommon malignant mesenchymal tumour showing cartilaginous differentiation which rarely presents in the jaws. CS represents 10-20% of all malignant bone tumours and less than 5% of tumours in head and neck region. Among the infrequent subtypes of CS, dedifferentiated CS is a sinister variant that presents ...
Vandana Kharidi Laxman KL Department of Periodontics, College of Dental Sciences, Davangere, Karnataka, - - 2014
The location and nature of cemento-enamel junction (CEJ) are more than descriptive terms used simply to describe some aspects of tooth morphology; however, CEJ gains a lot of clinical significance due to various measurements dependent on it. It may be necessary to determine the location and pathological changes occurring at ...
Guimarães Juliana P JP BW Consultoria Veterinária, Director, Veterinary, Modulo Centro - - 2014
Abstract The parasitic fauna of cetaceans is an important tool for ecological studies, such as the analysis of the causes of death. Halocercus brasiliensis is a nematode frequently found in the bronchi and bronchioles of some cetaceans, and it is commonly associated with focal inflammation of the respiratory tract leading ...
Koulaouzidis Anastasios A Endoscopy Unit, The Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Scotland, - - 2014
This review presents issues pertaining to lesion detection in small-bowel capsule endoscopy (SBCE). The use of prokinetics, chromoendoscopy, diagnostic yield indicators, localization issues and the use of 3D reconstruction are presented. The authors also review the current status (and future expectations) in automatic lesion detection software development. Automatic lesion detection ...
Summers Mindi M - - 2014
BackgroundMyzostomids are marine annelids, nearly all of which live symbiotically on or inside echinoderms, chiefly crinoids, and to a lesser extent asteroids and ophiuroids. These symbionts possess a variety of adult body plans and lifestyles. Most described species live freely on the exterior of their hosts as adults (though starting ...
Asem Alireza A Institute of Evolution and Marine Biodiversity, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, 266003, - - 2014
The cysts of nine Chinese populations of parthenogenetic Artemia were studied by scanning electron microscope. In the 270 cysts examined, 15 different morphological patterns were recognized with most of them not recorded in previous studies and the "tubercled shell surface" being the most common pattern. Results also displayed high intrapopulation ...
Xia Han-Sheng HS Department of Ultrasound, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, 180 Fenglin Road, Shanghai, 200032, - - 2014
To identify features which determine the papillary nature of breast lesions by contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) based on morphological and pathological correlations, and predict which papillomas are malignant. A retrospective review of 47 papillary lesions and 51 hypervascular benign abnormalities was performed. Enhancement patterns and diagnostic performance of CEUS were assessed. ...
Pongpruttipan Tawatchai - - 2014
BackgroundLymphomas are common malignancies that have various subtypes with many overlapping histologic, immunophenotypic and genetic features. Therefore, discordance in classifying lymphoma among pathologists may be encountered. But this issue is not well characterized. We conducted the present study to demonstrate discordances among Thai hematopathologists as well as to highlight common ...
Thittai Arun K AK The University of Texas Medical School, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging, Ultrasonics Laboratory, Houston, TX, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Axial-shear strain elastography was introduced recently to image the tumor-host tissue boundary bonding characteristics. The image depicting the axial-shear strain distribution in a tissue under axial compression was termed as an axial-shear strain elastogram (ASSE). It has been demonstrated through simulation, tissue-mimicking phantom experiments, and retrospective analysis of in vivo ...
Elluru Ravindhra G RG Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Dayton Children׳s Hospital, One Childrens Plaza, Dayton, Ohio 45404-1815. Electronic address: - - 2014
Lymphatic malformations are benign vascular lesions that arise from embryological disturbances in the development of the lymphatic system. They encompass a wide spectrum of related abnormalities, including cystic lymphatic lesions, angiokeratoma, lymphatic malformations that occur in bones (Gorham-Stout Syndrome), lymphatic and chylous leak conditions, and lymphedema. This article will focus ...
Toptas Orcun O Assistant Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Abant Izzet Baysal University Bolu , Turkey - - 2014
Epidermoid and dermoid cysts of the jaws are seen rarely. The formation theories of the intraosseous epidermoid cyst (IEC) are not clear. The radiographic appearance is similar with unilocular cysts. Surgical enucleation is the suggested treatment method for epidermoid cysts. This case report presents bilateral mandibular intraosseous epidermoid cysts with ...
Vidaković Bruno - - 2014
Actinomycosis is an uncommon chronic granulomatous infection first described by Bollinger in 1 877.The infection is caused by actinomyces species and it is characterized by slow contiguous spread and suppurative inflammation, formation of multiple abscesses and sinus tracts with possible drainage of "sulfur granules". We report an unusual case of ...
Vallefuoco R R Unité de chirurgie, Centre Universitaire Hospitalier Vétérinaire d'Alfort, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d'Alfort, Maisons-Alfort, - - 2014
A two-year-old Jack Russell terrier was diagnosed with a retrobulbar abscess and orbital cellulitis. The diagnosis was confirmed by ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging examination and ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration. Transoral ventral drainage was attempted but was unsuccessful. The abscess was successfully treated by open drainage through a lateral orbitotomy. Despite the exposure ...
Elham Moghaddas M Department of Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, - - 2014
To determine the prevalence of hydatidosis in dromedaries. 438 dromedaries were examined in five regions of Iran from 20 March, 2010 to 19 March, 2011. The relationship between host age and the mean number of hydatid cysts, and prevalence and fertility rates was analyzed using chi-square test. One hundred and ...
Pilskaln C H CH School for Marine Science and Technology, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, New Bedford, MA 02744, - - 2014
Cysts residing in benthic nepheloid layers (BNLs) documented in the Gulf of Maine have been proposed as a possible source of inoculum for annual blooms of a toxic dinoflagellate in the region. Herein we present a spatially extensive data set of the distribution and thickness of benthic nepheloid layers in ...
Pilskaln C H CH School for Marine Science and Technology, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, New Bedford, MA 02744, - - 2014
Quantification of Alexandrium cyst fluxes through the Gulf of Maine water column is central to understanding the linkage between the source and fate of annual Alexandrium blooms in the offshore waters. These blooms often lead to paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) and extensive closures of shellfish beds. We report here on ...
Lv Guorong G Quanzhou Medical College, Department of Clinical Medicine, quanzhou, fujian, China ; - - 2014
Abstract Objective The purpose of this study was to develop a novel open-window needle aspiration method and evaluate its efficacy in drainage and sclerotherapy of cystic thyroid nodules that cannot aspirated with an 18-gague needle. Methods Two rectangular windows 5.0 mm in length and 1.0 mm wide were placed at ...
Russin Jonathan J Division of Neurological Surgery, Barrow Neurological Institute, St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, - - 2014
We present a 25-year-old female with a history of multiple intracranial cavernous malformations complaining of vertigo. Imaging is significant for increasing size of a lesion in her left cerebellar peduncle. Given the proximity to the lateral border of the cerebellar peduncle, a retrosigmoid approach was chosen. After performing a craniotomy ...
Iuculano Ambra A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Prenatal and Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis, Ospedale Microcitemico, Via Jenner, Cagliari, 09121 Sardinia, - - 2014
The intracranial translucency (IT) is a recently introduced marker of open spina bifida (OSB). In this study, we describe a case of a fetus affected by Blake's pouch cyst which showed alterations of BS/BSOB ratio at the first trimester screening.
Reserva Jeave - - 2014
An otherwise healthy 8-month-old girl presented to the pediatric dermatology clinic for evaluation of an enlarging lesion on her right cheek. The child's mother first noticed this "bump" a month prior to presentation and denied any inciting event. The lesion had increased in size since it was first noted but ...
Whittington Adam - - 2014
A 7-week-old boy presented to the pediatric dermatology clinic for evaluation of diffuse blue lesions on the skin. The mother first noticed a bluish lesion on the left thigh at 6 to 7 weeks of age. The child quickly developed several similar lesions and deeper nodules on the head, arms, ...
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