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Maranella E - - 2013
Pulmonary pneumatoceles are thin-walled, air-filled cysts that develop within the lung parenchyma. Most often, they occur as a sequel of acute pneumonia, commonly caused by Staphylococcus aureus in children. Limited data are available about infective pulmonary cysts in newborns. We report a case of a newborn, who developed multiple pneumatoceles ...
Kim Hyunsuk - - 2013
A 62-yr-old woman with an autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) was admitted to our hospital for further evaluation of intermittent fever, nausea and left flank discomfort. The computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a gas-forming, infectious cyst of approximately 8.1 cm in size in left kidney lower pole. Escherichia coli ...
Coyne John D - - 2012
Melanosis coli is a well-known occurrence in colonic biopsies. The condition is, however, reportedly absent in both neoplastic and hyperplastic colonic polyps. Herein, we describe its occurrence in 10 hyperplastic coloniuc polyps, some of which showed melanosis in adjacent biopsied mucosa, and 2 colonic adenomata.
Gondak Rogério-Oliveira - - 2012
Diagnosis of pigmented lesions of the oral cavity and perioral tissues is challenging. Even though epidemiology may be of some help in orientating the clinician and even though some lesions may confidently be diagnosed on clinical grounds alone, the definitive diagnosis usually requires histopathologic evaluation. Oral pigmentation can be physiological ...
Amin Khalid K Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS 66160, - - 2012
Clinical dermoscopy has provided new insights into the diagnosis and classification of melanocytic neoplasms. There are only limited data on its applications in dermatopathology. In our laboratory, we routinely photograph all skin biopsies with ex vivo dermoscopy (EVD). We retrospectively reviewed 517 cutaneous biopsies with corresponding EVD images to determine ...
Pilotto Elisabetta - - 2012
To describe the optical coherence tomography (OCT), the standard short-wavelength fundus autofluorescence (SW-FAF) and near-infrared fundus autofluorescence (NIR-FAF), and the microperimetric findings in a child with a unique unilateral lesion of the temporal macula previously called torpedo maculopathy. A 4-year-old female with torpedo maculopathy was evaluated with spectral-domain OCT (SD-OCT), ...
Beavis Anna - - 2012
: Approximately 24% of American adults have tattoos. Studies of humans and mice demonstrate that tattoo pigment migrates to lymph nodes and can cause lymphadenopathy. : A 32-year-old woman presented with a 6-cm vulvar mass and extensive bilateral inguinofemoral lymphadenopathy. Bilateral small tattoos were noted in the groins. Vulvar biopsy ...
Traboulsi Elias I - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pigmented and depigmented ocular fundus lesions (de-POFLs) can be isolated and clinically insignificant, or they may be the hallmark of associated serious systemic disorders such as familial polyposis. The ophthalmologist is often called upon to look for these retinal lesions, or may encounter them in the course ...
Ueno Chikako - - 2012
PURPOSE:: To evaluate findings in eyes with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy on indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) over 3 months after ranibizumab treatment. METHOD:: Fifty-one eyes from 51 patients with treatment-naive polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy received intravitreal ranibizumab injections. We evaluated changes in polypoidal lesions on ICGA and ...
Kharel Sitaula R - - 2012
Background: Kissing nevus is a congenital nevus in adjacent parts of the eyelids. Malignant transformation of kissing or divided nevi of the eyelids is rarely described. Objective: To report a very rare case of malignant transformation of kissing nevus with ocular and extraocular spread. Case: A 57- year- old man ...
Silverstein David - - 2012
Although new technologies are becoming available to aid in diagnosis, the skin biopsy continues to be the fundamental tool of the dermatologist to evaluate the nature of a pigmented lesion. There are 3 major techniques for the biopsy of a pigmented lesion: shave biopsy, punch/incisional biopsy, and excisional biopsy. This ...
Reddy Jagadesh C - - 2012
PURPOSE:: To describe the atypical presentation of fungal infection and necrotizing scleritis, the potential role of histopathology in the diagnosis, and surgical excision in the management. METHODS:: Retrospective interventional case series. RESULTS:: Two patients presented with a pigmented conjunctival mass, one resembling necrotizing scleritis with uveal prolapse and the other ...
Verma Prashant - - 2012
Cutaneous mosaicism has always been an intriguing subject. A 15-year-old boy presented to us with a unilateral band of lesions of pityriasis rosea and lichen striatus. The case is discussed in the light of the concept of genetic mosaicism.
Martín José M - - 2012
Intense pulsed light (IPL) therapy using noncoherent broad-spectrum light has been reported to be effective for hair removal, and also for treating superficial pigmented lesions like ephelides and solar lentigines. We report complete regression of a pigmented melanocytic nevus, histologically confirmed, after hair removal treatment with IPL. The use of ...
Miranda B H - - 2012
Acral lentiginous melanoma is rare, representing approximately 1% of malignant melanomas. Overall 5 year survival is disproportionately poor (25-51%) compared to other histological subtypes. This has been attributed to diagnostic delay resulting in more advanced presentation. Subungual presentation in the fingers is uncommon, reported in 1-13% of all acral lentiginous ...
de Giorgi Vincenzo - - 2012
The use of dermoscopy is known to increase the sensitivity and specificity in the clinical diagnosis of cutaneous pigmented melanocytic lesions compared with naked-eye examinations. However, small pigmented melanocytic lesions with maximum clinical diameters of 6 mm remain the most significant diagnostic challenge to the clinician, particularly in the diagnosis ...
Pao Kristina Y - - 2012
A 62-year-old woman with a history of dry eyes was found to have unilateral pedunculated, nonpigmented palpebral conjunctival lesions. Excisional biopsy was performed, and the lesions were studied histopathologically. Microscopic examination of the lesions demonstrated exuberant granulation tissue with a granulomatous foreign body giant cell reaction surrounding pigmented and partially ...
Singh Saurabh - - 2012
  Nevus spilus, also known as speckled lentiginous nevus, is a nevoid disorder characterized by hyperpigmented macules or papules scattered over a background of tan pigmentation. Although nevus spilus is mainly of cosmetic concern, malignant melanoma may rarely develop in the lesions. Although classically not mentioned as a hairy nevus, ...
Badami Ami - - 2012
An otherwise healthy 15-month-old boy presented with benign branchial cleft cysts and combined hamartoma of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium. This association was previously only reported in a patient with branchio-oculo-facial syndrome. Although uncommon, this could represent multifocal sites of fetus craniofacial malformation.
Jamdade Anshuman - - 2012
The term residual cyst is used most often for retained radicular cyst from teeth that has been removed. Residual cysts are among most common cysts of the jaws. The location of all odontogenic cysts is usually intraosseous. The peripheral (extraosseous) presentations are rare. The peripheral presentation of residual cyst has ...
Jefferson Julie - - 2012
Melanonychia, or melanin-derived brown-to-black nail pigmentation, is a diagnostic challenge for clinicians. The most serious disease of the nail unit, melanoma, primarily presents with melanonychia. However, melanonychia most often occurs as a result of benign etiologies such as nail matrix melanocytic activation, nail matrix melanocytic hyperplasia, and nail invasion by ...
Das Sayantana - - 2012
Nasal polyps are predominantly non-neoplastic and a common cause of breathing difficulty, while meningiomas are the most common benign intracranial neoplasm and are largely asymptomatic.
Bellido Muñoz R M - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess the importance of immunohistochemical markers in the diagnosis of pigmented conjunctival lesions. Due to the difficulty of making an exact clinical diagnosis, the suspicion of malignancy requires the removal of the lesion and performing a histopathology study in which immunohistochemical markers may ...
Tanaka Miyuu - - 2011
A 10-year-old female false killer whale (Pseudorca crassidens) developed skin lesions in the left breast fin. Histopathologically, the lesions consisted of multiple granulomas spread diffusely into the deep dermis and bone; characteristically, each granuloma has septate, branching fungal hyphae and chlamydospores surrounded by eosinophilic Splendore-Hoeppli materials. Macrophages, epithelioid cells and ...
Hu Ching-Fen - - 2011
Non-puerperal uterine inversion is an extremely rare event, and the diagnosis is made during vaginal examination or exploratory laparotomy. We report a case of complete uterine inversion which was diagnosed on abdominal ultrasound examination in a 50-year-old nulliparous virgin who was admitted to the hospital because of profuse vaginal bleeding, ...
Dai Yi - - 2011
The diagnosis of female urethral diverticulum is difficult due to its nonspecific symptoms, and invasive diagnostic procedures are often necessary. We report a case in which the diagnosis was made with contrast-enhanced transvaginal sonourethrography. The microbubble contrast agent could be seen filling the diverticular cavity via its opening. © 2011 ...
Ali Syed Rehan - - 2011
Foetus-in-foetu is a rare malformation in which a monozygotic diamniotic parasitic twin is incorporated into the body of its fellow twin and grows inside it. Less than 100 cases have been reported in literature. One day old newborn male was admitted with antenatal diagnosis of abdominal mass. It was cystic/solid ...
Naylor Elizabeth - - 2011
Dermatitis herpetiformis is an autoimmune disease typically characterized by pruritic vesicles located on the extensor surfaces. Classic disease consists of neutrophils in the dermal papillae. Additional histopathologic findings include fibrin deposition and edema within the dermal papillae. Subepidermal vesicles also may be present. Direct immunofluorescence demonstrates granular IgA in the ...
Gutte Rameshwar - - 2011
Childhood granulomatous periorificial dermatitis (CGPD) is a self-limiting and well-recognized entity. A six-year-old male child, a known case of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) presented with multiple red raised and yellowish lesions over the face, neck, trunk and upper extremities since one month with occasional itching. Cutaneous examination revealed multiple erythematous ...
Shah Anjali - - 2011
Changes of the epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous fat can occur in the setting of internal malignancy. When a particular cutaneous disorder is strongly associated with, and parallels the course of, the internal malignancy, it is considered a paraneoplastic dermatosis. Recognizing such cutaneous clues may lead to early identification of the ...
Mullan Erin - - 2011
Lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei (LMDF) is a benign condition characterized by a papular eruption located in the central face. Histologic studies of the papules show granulomatous infiltrates with central necrosis. The condition is self-limited and usually resolves within 1 to 2 years yet can be cosmetically debilitating, given the location ...
Di Cesare Antonella - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Blue nevi are congenital or acquired, dermal dendritic melanocytic proliferations that can simulate melanocytic and nonmelanocytic lesions including melanoma, cutaneous metastasis of melanoma, Spitz/Reed nevi, and basal cell carcinoma. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate global and local dermatoscopic patterns of blue nevi compared with melanomas and basal cell carcinomas. ...
Chambers Ba - - 2011
A 9-year-old bitch was presented because of lethargy and abdominal distension. Abdominal ultrasound revealed an enlarged, fluid-filled uterus and associated mass. Subsequent exploratory laparotomy revealed unilateral uterine torsion involving the mass. Recovery following ovariohysterectomy was uneventful and the histopathological diagnosis was of a benign endometrial inflammatory polyp. Reports of uterine ...
Lee Yoonhee - - 2011
Eccrine angiomatous hamartoma (EAH) is a benign, uncommon, combined vascular and eccrine malformation. Most cases of this disorder have been single or multiple nodules or plaques that appear red, yellow, blue, violaceous, or skin colored. EAH may be congenital or appear later in childhood; it rarely arises during puberty or ...
Holzhauer M - - 2011
The efficacy of two topical treatments for painful ulcerative stage (M2) of bovine digital dermatitis (BDD) lesions was compared in a clinical trial conducted on five dairy farms in 2009 to 2010. The first treatment was a water-based gel with active components copper and zinc (Intra Hoof-fit gel [IHF]) and ...
Omoregie F O - - 2011
This article reports 3 cases of melanin pigmented lesions among 75 histologically diagnosed periradicular lesions of extracted teeth. Case 1 was a 25-year old male who presented with one week history of toothache involving a tender carious left mandibular second molar tooth (37), with periapical radiolucency and diagnosed clinically as ...
Mashiach Reuven - - 2011
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of sonographic diagnosis of ovarian torsion and the predictive value of typical sonographic signs. Methods- The study included 63 women attending an ultrasound unit of a tertiary obstetrics and gynecology department in 2002 through 2008 who had suspected ovarian ...
Hurrell Jennifer M - - 2011
Eosinophils, a constitutive component of the columnar-lined gastrointestinal tract, play an essential role in allergic responses and parasitic infections. The tissue density of these cells also increases in a variety of conditions of uncertain etiology. With the exception of the esophageal squamous epithelium, in which no eosinophils are normally present, ...
Patsatsi Aikaterini - - 2011
A 70-year-old female patient presented with an eruption consisting of symmetrically distributed erythematous papules around the umbilicus 1 month after the cessation of adalimumab for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Biopsy of a papule showed an interstitial granulomatous infiltrate in the dermis, without deposition of mucin. The lesions cleared only ...
Kurzeja Marta - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Pemphigus is an autoimmune, bullous disease affecting the skin and mucous membranes. The aim of the study was to evaluate whether pemphigus vulgaris (PV) and pemphigus foliaceus (PF), may be diagnosed using reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM). METHODS: Thirty patients (18 with PV and 12 with PF) were included into ...
Heinlin Julia - - 2011
  We present a 15-year-old female patient with a 6-month history of recurrent painful petechiae on the fingers and feet. Trauma or pressure were denied, but she reported recurrent tonsillitis and urinary tract infections and a single event of bilateral scotoma. Extensive investigations (e.g., echocardiography) for a suspected diagnosis of ...
Gallagher Neal P - - 2011
One factor which may be important for determining proper lesion creation in an atrial ablation procedure is catheter-endocardial contact. Little information is available that relates geometric contact, depth and angle, to ablation lesion formation. We present an electrothermal computer model of ablation that calculates lesion volume and temperature development over ...
Andoh Tsugunobu - - 2011
  To elucidate the mechanisms of severe itch in atopic dermatitis, we investigated the role of leukotriene B(4) , a potent itch mediator, in spontaneous itch-related behaviour in NC mice with atopic dermatitis-like skin lesions. Topical application of the BLT leukotriene B(4) receptor antagonist ONO-4057 inhibited spontaneous itch-related behaviour. The ...
Petkar Animesh - - 2011
A 24-year-old male presented with tearing, and subsequent workup and imaging showed a mass with fluid involving the nasopharynx, the paranasal sinuses, and the posterior dehiscence of the left frontal sinus intracranially compressing the frontal lobe significantly. Microscopic examination confirmed the diagnosis of allergic fungal sinusitis. Endoscopic drainage and sinostomy ...
Menné Torkil - - 2011
Background. Classification of hand eczema has traditionally been based both on aetiology and clinical appearance. For 20% of cases, the aetiology is unknown. Objectives. To suggest a classification based on well-defined aetiology as well as on predefined clinical patterns and on the dynamics of hand eczema. Methods. Literature studies and ...
Cosechen Mayara Schulze - - 2011
Erosive adenomatosis of the nipple is a complex benign mammary proliferation that can be misdiagnosed as a malignant mammary neoplasm. The most common clinical presentation includes discharge, erythema, erosion and crusting. The process is usually asymptomatic. It resembles benign conditions such as contact dermatitis, psoriasis and infections, but its main ...
Voegeli R - - 2011
Acute eczematous atopic dermatitis (AD) is associated with increases in stratum corneum (SC) serine protease activity. The purpose of this study was to examine whether the increased SC protease activities in acute eczematous atopic dermatitis were associated with increased mass levels of SC proteases. Six subjects with healthy skin and ...
Bolotin Diana - - 2011
The prompt recognition of the clinical features of dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) is important, but securing a definitive diagnosis requires further work-up. Recent advances in understanding of the immunologic basis for DH have led to the development and wider availability of serologic testing, which is rapidly becoming an essential part of ...
Foissac Rémi - - 2011
Uterine leiomyoma in torsion is an uncommon emergency and mimics generalized peritonitis. We report the case of a 62-year-old woman with a huge subserous fibroid in torsion. The lesion was removed surgically with the uterus and ovaries. Imaging is an essential tool in the diagnosis of myomata and should serve ...
Stachler Robert J - - 2011
The otolaryngic allergist must be able to distinguish between common nonallergic diagnoses that present very similarly to allergic conditions. This article describes a few of the vast myriad of conditions that must be ruled out before a diagnosis of allergy may be made. After reading this article clinicians will be ...
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