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Calonje Eduardo E St John's Institute of Dermatology, St Thomas' Hospital, London, - - 2014
Cutaneous vascular tumours are plentiful and represent one of the most common groups of soft tissue proliferations presenting in the skin. In the majority of cases the histological diagnosis of a cutaneous vascular is straightforward and most lesions are benign. Pathologists face three very challenging tasks when confronted with a ...
Hong Soon Won SW Deptartment of Pathology, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University, - - 2014
The thyroid aspiration cytology diagnosis already has merits in the aspects of accuracy and economy. However, when it is indeterminate cytology, it decreases the accuracy of diagnosis and causes confusion, so other methods need to be added together for diagnosis before surgery or diagnostic surgery needs to be performed, which ...
Hassan Ali Sami AS Department of Ophthalmology, Conquest Hospital , Hastings TN37 7RD , United Kingdom - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To highlight a rare case of hidradenitis suppurativa affecting the periorbital skin in which chronic nodules resulted in a sinus tract connecting the lacrimal sac and ethmoidal sinus. A single interventional case note review with clinical history, examination, results of investigations and details of medical and surgical management. ...
Re Massimo M Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, - - 2014
Background: orbital cavernous hemangiomas are the most common primary benign orbital tumors in adults. Although a rudimentary lesion may be present at birth, cavernous hemangiomas do not usually become symptomatic until the third to fifth decade of life and lesions occurring in pediatric age are quite rare. Surgical treatment is ...
Lee Yi-Ching YC Departments of *Ophthalmology, †Pathology, and ‡Pediatrics, Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital; §Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Tzu Chi University, Hualien; and ¶Department of Ophthalmology, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, Taipei, - - 2014
Rhabdomyosarcoma is the most common type of soft tissue sarcoma in children. The authors present a rare case of eyelid rhabdomyosarcoma in a newborn, who was found to have a reddish eyelid tumor in his OD. A mass with a clear margin, confined to the upper eyelid, was revealed using ...
Katibi Oludolapo Sherifat OS Department of Paediatrics, College of Health Sciences, University of Ilorin/Unilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, - - 2014
Giant congenital melanocytic nevus (GCMN) is rare in babies of African descent. Unfortunately, it has an increased potential for malignant transformation. A 3-year-old female child presented with a 6-month history of multiple nodules on an existing giant congenital melanocytic nevus and swelling in the right axilla of four weeks duration. ...
Sandhu Rasanamar K RK *Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland, Oregon, U.S.A.; and *†Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Portland, Oregon, - - 2014
Morgellons disease is characterized by complaints of uncomfortable skin sensations and fibers emanating from nonhealing skin lesions. Morgellons disease is well-known in the dermatology and psychiatry literature, where it is typically considered a subtype of delusional parasitosis, but it has not yet been described in the ophthalmology literature. A patient ...
Ito T T Department of Dermatology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, - - 2014
Complete excision is the most promising treatment for basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and a surgical margin of at least 4 mm is recommended. However, little is known about the appropriate surgical margin of pigmented BCC. To investigate the reliability of narrower margin excision of well-defined, pigmented BCC. We identified a total ...
Toyomura Fumimasa F Department of Otolaryngology, Tokyo Medical University, 1-6-7 Nishishinjuku Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan, - - 2014
Day surgery for vocal cord lesions overcomes the disadvantages of laryngomicrosurgery under general anesthesia. We present our experience with treatment of vocal fold lesions using a long double-bend Cathelin needle that can access all parts of the vocal cords. A 23G, 60-mm-long Cathelin needle was bent twice by 45(o) at ...
Choi Young Rak YR Department of Internal Medicine, Chungbuk National University Hospital, Cheongju, Republic of - - 2014
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is a rare disorder characterized by alveolar accumulation of surfactant phospholipids and protein components. The symptoms and prognosis are extremely variable. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and/or transbronchial lung biopsy are useful for diagnosis; surgical lung biopsy is often unnecessary but useful in the focal involvement. We report a ...
Mittal Ruchi R *Dalmia Ophthalmic Pathology Service, LV Prasad Eye Institute, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India; and †Department of Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery, Orbit and Ocular Oncology, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2014
Acantholytic acanthoma is a benign epidermal tumor with a truncal predisposition and is not previously reported as an eyelid mass. A 63-year-old man, presented with a history of nodular masses of both his eyelid margin and eyelid surface of 3 years duration. Excision biopsy of lesion of eyelid margin was ...
Zhang Catherine H CH Department of Neurosurgery, Atkinson Morley Wing, St. George's Hospital , London , - - 2014
Myopericytoma is a soft tissue tumour believed to be derived from perivascular myoid cells. They are typically found in subcutaneous tissues in the extremities. Intracranial myopericytomas are exceptionally rare. Here we report a man with an asymptomatic posterior fossa myopericytoma with evidence of dural infiltration.
Deutsch Harel H Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, - - 2014
Arachnoid cysts in the spinal cord may be asymptomatic. In some cases arachnoid cysts may exert mass effect on the thoracic spinal cord and lead to pain and myelopathy symptoms. Arachnoid cysts may be difficult to visualize on an MRI scan because the thin walled arachnoid may not be visible. ...
McCormick Paul C PC Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New - - 2014
Dorsal thoracic arachnoid web is a rare but often overlooked cause of progressive myelopathy. Syringomyelia, either above or below the compressive arachnoid band, may also be present. Dorsal arachnoid cyst and ventral spinal cord herniation may be mistaken for this condition. This video demonstrates the microsurgical identification and techniques of ...
Refaee Ehab El EE Department of Neurosurgery, University Medicine Greifswald, - - 2014
We present the microsurgical technique in excision of intramedullary craniocervical ependymomas. A 27-year-old female came presenting with neck pain and parasthesia in her both arms and hands, where MRI was performed showing intramedullary lesion that extend in the medulla just beyond the foramen magnum to the level of C5-6 disc. ...
Kanis Margaux J MJ From the Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, - - 2014
A pilonidal cyst is an epithelialized sinus tract or cyst containing hair follicles with a surrounding inflammatory reaction. It usually develops in the sacrococcygeal region with few reports of its development in the genitalia. We present a case of a periclitoral pilonidal cyst in a young woman and its management.
Sano Daniela Tiemi - - 2014
Trichilemmoma is a benign neoplasm from the outer sheath of the pilosebaceous follicle. Desmoplastic trichilemmoma, a rare variant, is histologically characterized by a central area of desmoplasia that can clinically mimic an invasive carcinoma, requiring histopathological examination to define the diagnosis.
Jiang Chang-Zhen CZ Department of Neurosurgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian, China (C-ZJ, Q-SL, X-YW, C-YW, - - 2014
Sellar plasmacytoma is a rare cause of sellar lesions. Preoperative diagnosis remains a challenge.We present a 34-year-old Chinese woman with a 25-day history of headache and diplopia. A physical examination revealed incomplete left abducens nerve palsy.The initial diagnosis was invasive pituitary adenoma. The patient's condition deteriorated suddenly the day before ...
Reissis Dimitris D Imperial College School of Medicine, London, - - 2014
Dermoid cysts are common, benign, embryologically derived soft tissue cysts that can arise at a variety of craniofacial sites. It is not known whether specific histological variations exist between the different craniofacial sites. This study aims to establish whether inter-site histologic differences exist between periorbital, nasal, scalp, and postauricular dermoid ...
Singh Saurabh - - 2014
Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is an idiopathic acquired condition characterized by erythematous papulo-nodular lesions with a predilection for the head and neck. The lesions are cosmetically disfiguring, resistant to most medical and surgical therapies and tend to recur. We report the novel use of radiofrequency equipment in the management ...
Vanderschueren Steven - - 2014
Fever and inflammation of unknown origin continue to challenge the clinician. The differential diagnosis is broad and potential diagnostic pitfalls abound. To guide the approach, the authors discuss the do's and don'ts.
Tachibana Toshiya T Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Hyogo, - - 2014
The authors report a case of adhesive arachnoiditis (AA) and arachnoid cyst successfully treated by subarachnoid to subarachnoid bypass (S-S bypass). Arachnoid cysts or syringes sometimes compress the spinal cord and cause compressive myelopathy that requires surgical treatment. However, surgical treatment for AA is challenging. A 57-year-old woman developed leg ...
Sanal Hatice Tuba HT Department of Radiology, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2014
Intraosseous cysts of carpal bones are frequently observed on routine imaging examinations of the wrist. There is controversy regarding the underlying pathogenesis of these cysts. In this study, we aimed to investigate the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearance of intracarpal bone cysts in correlation with histologic analysis, using cadaveric wrists. ...
Jakovljevic Aleksandar A Clinic of Oral Surgery and Implantology, School of Dental Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, - - 2014
This study aimed to compare the levels of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) between apical periodontitis lesions with different clinical and histological features. Based on clinical data and history of disease, 100 human apical periodontitis lesions were categorised as either asymptomatic or symptomatic lesions. According ...
Strazzula Lauren L University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, - - 2014
The deep penetrating nevus (DPN), also known as the plexiform spindle cell nevus, is a pigmented lesion that commonly arises on the head and neck in the first few decades of life. Histopathologically, the DPN is wedge-shaped and contains melanocytes that exhibit deep infiltration into the dermis. Given these features, ...
Ogawa Yoshikazu Y Department of Neurosurgery, Kohnan Hospital, Taihaku-ku, Sendai, Miyagi, 982-8523, Japan, - - 2014
Both Rathke's cleft cyst and craniopharyngioma are considered to arise from the remnants of Rathke's diverticulum despite the quite different histological characteristics. These two lesions may consist of a disease spectrum extending from Rathke's cleft cyst to craniopharyngioma. However, in spite of increasing evidence of these intermediate histologies, very few ...
Rarick Jason M JM Department of Pathology, University Hospitals Case Medical Center/Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, - - 2014
Objective: To review the morphological features of salivary gland fine-needle aspirates (FNA) on ThinPrep® (TP) preparations. Emphasis is placed on the commonalities and specific differences between TP and conventional smear (CS) preparations. Study Design: The cytology and surgical pathology archives were searched for 'salivary' or 'parotid' at our institution from ...
Boyd Jonathan Dale JD Department of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, - - 2014
Background: Common minimally invasive methods for acquiring samples for flow cytometric immunophenotyping (FCI) include fine needle aspiration (FNA) and needle core biopsy (NCB). FCI requires a sufficient quantity of viable cells for adequate evaluation. Methods: We collected patient data from our files of all FCI cases sampled via FNA or ...
Crippa Beatrice Letizia BL NICU. Fondazione IRCCS Cà Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, - - 2014
Numerous malformations can affect the anterior part of the neck presenting at birth as a real diagnostic challenge for the pediatrician or the primary care physician who initially evaluate the baby. Congenital midline cervical cleft represents a rare defect of the midline neck, which is sometimes wrongly diagnosed as a ...
Messana Kate K *Dermatology Clinic, St. Joseph Mercy Hospital, Ypsilanti, MI; and †Anatomic Pathology and Dermatology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, - - 2014
: Lymphomatoid granulomatosis (LYG) is a rare, T-cell-rich Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive B-cell lymphoproliferative disorder. Although LYG presents most often with lung involvement, up to half of affected individuals have concomitant cutaneous LYG. EBV-encoded RNA (EBER) is detected in the majority of pulmonary lesions but is often negative in skin lesions. ...
Kim Yeon-Hee YH *Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Uijeonbu St. Mary Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Uijeonbu, Korea; and Departments of †Ophthalmology, and ‡Urology, Kyung Hee University Medical Center, Kyung Hee University, College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
A 57-year-old woman presented with protrusion of the OS 2 months in duration and decreased vision 1 month in duration. The patient was diagnosed with uterine leiomyosarcoma approximately 3 years before presentation. Lung and liver metastases were diagnosed by biopsy 1 year prior to this visit. CT revealed a solid ...
Balaji G Gopisankar GG Assistant Professor, Department of Orthopaedics, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Extraskeletal osteochondroma is a rare benign tumor that occurs predominantly in the soft tissues of the hands and feet. The congenital occurrence of this lesion in children is very rare. We report the case of a 9-year-old male who presented with slowly progressive swelling in his left third web space ...
Dyskin Evgeny E Department of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, U.S.A.. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study was conducted to assess whether a single-row suture anchor repair of a bony Bankart lesion comprising 19% of the glenoid length restores peak translational force and glenoid depth compared with the intact shoulder. Nine thawed adult cadaveric shoulders were dissected and mounted in 45° of abduction and 30° ...
Azad Chandrika C Departments of Pediatrics and *Pathology, Govt. Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, India. Correspondence to: Dr Chandrika Azad, Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Govt. Medical College and Hospital, Sector 32, Chandigarh 160 030, India. - - 2014
Early onset sarcoidosis is a rarely reported disease in children. 2½-year-old girl with chronic enlargement of bilateral parotid glands and polyarthritis. Biopsy of salivary gland revealed non-caseating granuloma. Polyarthritis and salivary gland swelling resolved completely after starting oral corticosteroids. Sarcoidosis is an important differential diagnosis in young children with joint ...
Hong Sung-Lyong SL Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan, Korea. ; Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan, - - 2014
Although most of the maxillary sinus retention cysts are asymptomatic, a few of them increase in size and cause symptoms. However, they rarely erode bony walls nor protrude into the inferior meatus. I present 2 cases with maxillary sinus retention cysts protruding into the inferior meatus by making a large ...
Soh W M WM Diagnostic Medlab, 10 Harrison Road, Ellerslie, Auckland 1060, New Zealand. - - 2014
This report describes a case of malignant granular cell tumour arising in the mediastinum, detailing the investigations undertaken to reach this rare diagnosis. A 63-year-old man was referred from the Pacific Islands for investigation of a 8cm mediastinal mass extending into the left pleura and associated with pleural nodules and ...
Morrison Annie O AO Departments of *Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, and †Dermatology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA; and ‡Department of Pathology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, - - 2014
Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is a rare carcinoma that typically arises in salivary glands but can also occur in other sites including skin. Primary salivary ACC is a locally aggressive tumor characterized by local recurrence and late metastasis. Primary cutaneous ACC is found predominately on the scalp and is more ...
Khatib Yasmeen Y Department of Pathology, R. N. Cooper Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, - - 2014
Myoepithelial carcinoma (MC) is a rare neoplasm of the salivary gland generally occurring in the parotid gland and rarely in the minor salivary glands. It poses a diagnostic challenge on fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytology because it can show different cell types and lack clear features of malignancy. This can lead ...
Singh Satyendra Kumar SK Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2014
Acroangiodermatitis or Pseudo-Kaposi sarcoma is a rare angioproliferative entity, related to chronic venous insufficiency or certain other vascular anomalies. It is often associated with chronic venous insufficiency, arteriovenous malformation of the legs, chronic renal failure treated with dialysis, paralyzed legs and amputation stumps. We hereby describe a case of 45 ...
Sulochana Sonti S Associate Professor, Department of Pathology, Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Saveetha University , Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India - - 2014
Chondroid syringoma is a rare mixed tumour of the skin. It was first described by Hirsch and Helwig. The tumour is composed of a proliferation of epithelial cells present in a myxoid and chondroid matrix. Although chondroid syringoma was predominantly benign, sweat-gland tumour, the usual presentation is of an asymptomatic, ...
Issar Yuvraj Y Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Military Hospital, Pathankot, Panjab, - - 2014
Dentigerous cysts are commonly encountered associated with impacted teeth; however the exact histogenesis of these cysts is not known even though numerous theories have been proposed. Majority of the maxillary cysts arise as a result of defect in the embryonal development, which can be either abnormal fusion of facial processes ...
Karikal Arvind A Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, AB Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Nitte University, Karnataka, - - 2014
We present an osteolytic nasal polyp of the maxillary sinus with clinical features and radiographic features mimicking that of a malignancy. Maxillary sinusitis being a common inflammatory condition progressed to cause destruction of the maxillary bone and spread into the facial soft tissue, which is quite a rare occurrence. We ...
Boyaci N N Departments of Radiology, Harran University Medical School, Sanliurfa, - - 2014
Chondroid syringoma (CS) is a rarely seen benign tumor rooted in the epithelial and mesenchymal cells of the skin. It is generally localized in the head and neck region and rarely in the extremities. A case is presented here of a giant CS in the rarely seen location of the ...
Maheswaran Thangadurai T Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Vivekanandha Dental College for Women, Tiruchengode, Namakkal, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
To find the prevalence of keratin metaplasia and its relation with clinico-pathological profile of the odontogenic cyst. Odontogenic cysts were studied histologically with special stains to identify the presence of keratin and compared with various parameters such as underlying connective tissue inflammation, average epithelial thickness, and site of the cyst, ...
Ahamed A Saneem AS Department of Consultant Maxillofacial Surgeon, Appasamy Multispeciality Hospital, Arumbakkam, Chennai, - - 2014
Lymphoepithelial cysts are benign, slowly growing unilocular or multilocular lesions that appear in the head and neck. They are also called Branchial cyst. The head and neck sites are the salivary glands(more commonly parotid and rarely submandibular gland) and the oral cavity (usually the floor of the mouth). there are ...
Sreeja C C Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Adhiparasakthi Dental College, Melmaruvathur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
Peripheral odontogenic fibroma (POdF) is a rare benign odontogenic neoplasm. It represents the soft tissue counterpart of central odontogenic fibroma. The embryonic source of POdF has been suggested by many as arising from the rest of dental lamina that has persisted in the gingiva following its disintegration. It presents clinically ...
Li Xiang X Department of Urology, First Affiliated hospital, Medical College, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, - - 2014
Angiomyolipoma (AML) is generally considered to be benign and malignant angiomyolipoma is rare. This paper presents an extremely rare case of epithelioid AML with tumour thrombus invading inferior vena cava (IVC). We present the case of a 36-year-old woman with epithelioid AML with tumour thrombus invading inferior vena cava who ...
Kale Lata L Department of Oral Medicine, Diagnosis and Radiology, C.S.M.S.S. Dental College and Hospital, Kanchanwadi, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, - - 2014
Peripheral ossifying fibroma (POF) is a reactive lesion of the gingival tissues that predominantly affects women and is usually located in the maxilla anterior to the molars. It originates from the cells of the periodontal ligament. The definitive diagnosis is established by histological examination, which reveals the presence of cellular ...
Meseli Suleyman Emre SE Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Marmara University, Istanbul, - - 2014
Lateral periodontal cyst (LPC), originated from epithelial rests in the periodontal ligament, is a noninflammatory cyst on the lateral surface of the root of a vital tooth. LPC is generally asymptomatic and presents a round or oval uniform lucency with well-defined borders radiographically. In this case report, clinical, histological and ...
Micheletti Robert G RG Md Assistant Professor of Dermatology and Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
The diagnosis of hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is based on a characteristic history and physical exam. The anatomic sites of involvement include the axillae (most common), groin, and buttocks, and the perianal, perineal, and mammary regions. Initially, HS manifests with open comedones (usually with two or more "heads") and tender subcutaneous ...
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