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Results 401 - 450 of 795
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Petronella Pasquale - - 2012
The finding of thyroid nodules is a very common occurrence in routine clinical practice. Approximately 5% to 7% of the entire population have thyroid nodules. Vascular lesions are one of the most controversial issues in thyroid pathology. These include benign lesions such as hemangiomas and, rarely, malignant tumors such as ...
Kim Hei S - - 2011
  Treatment options are limited for classic nevus lipomatosus superficialis, in which clustered lesions present over a large area. We present a case of nevus lipomatosus superficialis that showed clinical and histological improvement after treatment with intralesional phosphatidylcholine and sodium deoxy-cholate.
Cerutti Janete M - - 2011
Fine-Needle Aspiration (FNA) is the most widely used and cost-effective preoperative test for the initial evaluation of a thyroid nodule, although it has limited diagnostic accuracy for several types of tumors. Patients will often receive cytological report of indeterminate cytology and are referred to surgery for a more accurate diagnosis. ...
Sowerby Leigh - - 2011
The size of the malignancy in well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma (WDTC) is an important factor in patient risk stratification. Final pathologic measurements are currently used for treatment decisions. Measurements are made by both ultrasonography and on final pathology and should, theoretically, agree with each other. To evaluate the agreement between ultrasound ...
Badalyan Vahe - - 2011
BACKGROUND: At least five types of interlabial masses of different etiologies may present in a female neonate. The more serious type of interlabial mass must be differentiated from the benign and self-resolving paraurethral or hymenal cyst. Clues include appearance and color of the mass and the location of the mass ...
Mohamed Haflah Nh N Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan - - 2011
Epidermoid cyst is a common benign cutaneous swelling frequently encountered in surgical practice. It usually presents as a painless lump frequently occurring in hairbearing areas of the body particularly the scalp, scrotum, neck, shoulder and back. Giant epidermoid cysts commonly occur in hairy areas such as the scalp. We present ...
Gillis K - - 2011
Tuberculous pericarditis is uncommon in the Western world, and can prove a diagnostic quandary in that confirmation of the diagnosis and culture of mycobacteria can be difficult. We present a case of tuberculous pericarditis where endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle biopsy of a pathological lymph node provided the diagnosis after other ...
Ghabash Maroun Badwi MB Haddad Hospital for the Rosary Sisters Gemayze-Beirut-Lebanon, chargé d'enseignement at the Lebanese University-Medical School. - - 2011
This case report is about a patient with an oropharyngeal mass presenting to our hospital for biopsy under general anesthesia. Because of the great risk of failure of mask ventilation and direct laryngoscopy, an awake fiberoptic intubation was performed successfully. The biopsy revealed a thyroid tissue leading to the diagnosis ...
Agostiniani Rino - - 2011
Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is the greatest and most recent challenge in pediatric nephrology, with explosive and relentless growth of knowledge. Many diagnostic and therapeutic indications must be revised with regards to up-to-date discoveries on the origin and evolution of congenital anomalies of kidneys and urinary tracts (CAKUT), because prompt diagnosis ...
Alfonso Edgar - - 2011
Thyroid nodules are the most common endocrine condition treated by surgeons. The main purpose of the evaluation of a thyroid nodule is to rule out a carcinoma. Medical decisions concerning thyroid nodules are highly influenced by subjective beliefs. To assess the subjective probabilities of malignancy that are assigned to the ...
Somvanshi Ramesh - - 2011
A total of 236 urinary bladders (94 cattle and 142 buffaloes) collected from Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India, were studied for spontaneous lesions. These adult animals belonged to Institute's organized dairy farm and rural areas in the Rohilkhand region of Uttar Pradesh. Grossly, congestion, hemorrhages, and cystoliths in urinary bladders were ...
Lloyd Brendan M - - 2011
We describe a 16-year-old girl who presented with a 3-year history of telangiectatic patches on the extremities and trunk. Skin biopsies demonstrated dilated vessels with thickened walls containing hyaline material in the papillary dermis, resembling those seen in systemic amyloidosis, porphyrias, or lipoid proteinosis. A diagnosis of cutaneous collagenous vasculopathy ...
Trop Isabelle - - 2011
The purpose of this article is to present the cases of four women who underwent percutaneous breast biopsy with deployment of a titanium metallic marker embedded in a bioresorbable collagen plug. Routine follow-up mammography after benign pathologic results were obtained revealed new fine microcalcifications at the biopsy sites, requiring repeat ...
Yilmaz Yavuz - - 2011
Abstract Paraurethral cysts are rare in females, especially in the neonatal period. The aetiology of congenital paraurethral cysts is obstruction of Skene's ducts from para/periurethral glands. Paraurethral cysts may be totally asymptomatic, non-tender, soft, cystic, ovoid masses about 6-10 mm in size and yellowish in colour. These lesions may be ...
Sharma Kumudini - - 2011
To report an unusual presentation of tuberculosis. A six-year old boy presented with left upper lid swelling of 15 days' duration and an asymptomatic midline neck mass from 2 months ago. Imaging studies, and microbiologic tests which demonstrated acid-fast bacilli in the fine needle aspirate of the thyroid mass, both ...
Bureau M - - 2011
Allantoic cysts are a somewhat rare entity. They are identifiable on antenatal ultrasound examination but are not easily distinguishable from pseudocysts, which are often associated with a poor prognosis. Their etiology remains obscure and obstructive uropathies have been proposed to be one of the underlying mechanisms. We report on a ...
Kirzhner Maria - - 2011
Ocular cicatricial pemphigoid is a devastating autoimmune blistering disorder mainly affecting the conjunctiva but frequently associated with systemic mucosal findings. This article is an update of the pathogenesis, ocular findings, differential diagnosis, and approaches to treatment.
Melo Juliana Nakano de - - 2011
Acquired melanocytic lesions may present unusual clinical features in all forms of hereditary epidermolysis bullosa. These lesions are known as "EB nevi", and often pose a diagnostic challenge for dermatologists given their resemblance - clinically, dermoscopically and histologically - to melanoma. The lesions have been reported in all types of ...
Strittmatter Frank - - 2011
BACKGROUND: To define the learning curve of a single cytologist as a limitation of urinary cytology and to compare his results with a reference center for urinary cytology. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cytologic and histologic findings of patients undergoing transurethral resection of the bladder for suspicion of bladder cancer were reviewed. ...
Gao Jianwei - - 2011
In contrast to arsenic (As) poisoning caused by naturally occurring inorganic arsenic-contaminated water consumption, coal arsenic poisoning (CAP) induced by elevated arsenic exposure from coal combustion has rarely been reported. In this study, the concentrations and distributions of urinary arsenic metabolites in 57 volunteers (36 subjects with skin lesions and ...
Vella Josefa Elizabeth Olivia - - 2011
Müllerianosis of the urinary bladder is a rare condition that encompasses 3 histological entities (endometriosis, endocervicosis, and endosalpingiosis). The authors report 2 patients with bladder müllerianosis, one of whom had endometriosis and the other a history of past pelvic surgery, describe the histological and cystoscopic features, and review the literature ...
Ogah Kenneth - - 2011
We report a case of mullerianosis involving the urinary bladder. A 45-year-old woman presented with complaints of chronic pelvic pain, dysmenorrhoea, irritative lower urinary tract symptoms and cyclical haematuria. Cystoscopy and transurethral biopsy suggested mullerianosis involving the posterior bladder wall; she subsequently had surgery including partial cystectomy with complete excision ...
Ramachandra L - - 2011
The present study was done to compare diagnostic yield by fine needle non aspiration technique (FNNAC) with Fine Needle Aspiration cytology (FNAC) of lesions in thyroid gland. FNNAC and FNAC both were performed on 69 patients presenting with thyroid lesions, except those suffering from thyrotoxicosis. Smears were then cytologically interpreted ...
Ruiz-Tovar Jaime - - 2011
Peritoneal adenomatoid tumours are rare benign neoplasms originating from mesothelial cells. We present a case of peritoneal adenomatoid tumour penetrating into the bowel wall and causing massive intra- and extraluminal bleeding.
Abdel-Aziz Mosaad - - 2011
Concha bullosa that is a pneumatization of the middle turbinate is a common anatomic variant; the obstruction of its ostium may lead to mucocele and even pyocele after infection of retained secretion. Although the condition is rare, mucopyocele of concha bullosa may be presented as a large nasal mass. However, ...
Krishna Shetty M V - - 2011
Isolated female epispadias without bladder exstrophy is an extremely rare congenital anomaly. The symptoms of female epispadias are primary urinary incontinence and abnormal anatomical features. A 7-year-old girl presented with partial incontinence of urine. On physical examination, bifid clitoris and labia minora were seen. The vagina and hymen were normal. ...
Manucha Varsha - - 2011
Utility of EUS-FNA in diagnosing granulomatous lesions of mediastinum in regions with high prevalence of tuberculosis has not yet been evaluated. In the present study, utility and limitations of EUS-FNA of mediastinal lesions from a tertiary care center with high prevalence of tuberculosis were studied. All cases where EUS-FNA had ...
Numakura Kazuyuki - - 2011
We report a case of intratesticular endometrioid papillary cystadenocarcinoma. A 73-year-old man was admitted for a painless right scrotal swelling. Ultrasonography and computed tomography revealed a large cystic mass in the right testis. Right scrotum puncture revealed xanthochromic fluid with negative cytology. Three months later, follow-up computed tomography showed enlargement ...
Vignoli M - - 2011
Vascular perfusion was assessed in 10 dogs without prostatic abnormalities and 26 dogs with prostatic disease using contrast-enhanced ultrasound. The time to reach peak contrast intensity (TTP) and peak perfusion intensity (PPI) were measured, and histological biopsies were collected from each dog. Biopsies confirmed normal prostate (n = 10), benign ...
Louzir Bechir - - 2011
Background: The epidemiologic study of sarcoidosis is problematic and differing incidences across the world are reported. In Tunisia, the incidence of this affection is yet unknown. This is at least attributable to the lack of large series and the overshadowing presence of tuberculosis. Aim: To determine presenting signs, symptoms and ...
Halwai Manzoor Ahmed - - 2011
Tuberculosis of the talus is a rare condition, and the diagnosis can be difficult to make because of inconclusive laboratory and ancillary testing. In such cases, accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment may require the use of a transmalleolar osteotomy to gain access to the involved portion of the talar body. ...
Kim Gun-Wook - - 2011
Bullae and sweat gland necrosis remain rare cutaneous manifestation, and these conditions can be misdiagnosed as Vibrio vulnificus infections or other soft tissue infections because of their low index of suspicion. A 46-yr-old man with a history of continued alcohol consumption presented with erythematous and hemorrhagic bullous lesions on his ...
Sanchez J - - 2011
Caprine tuberculosis is caused by bacteria of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (Mycobacterium bovis and Mycobacterium caprae). Although typical tuberculoid granulomata are usually observed in the lungs and lymph nodes of infected goats, the presence of cavitary lesions with exuberant mycobacterial growth is also a common feature in this species. The aim ...
Raj Mariolyn D - - 2012
Background:  Surgical excision has been recommended as a diagnostic test for thyroid nodules ≥4 cm, due to the supposedly higher rate of cancer in larger nodules and the higher reported false-negative rates of fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) testing (>10%). The aims of this study are to determine the prevalence of thyroid ...
Mike A - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Histopathologic studies have reported widespread cortical lesions in MS; however, in vivo detection by using routinely available pulse sequences is challenging. We investigated the relative frequency and subtypes of cortical lesions and their relationships to white matter lesions and cognitive and physical disability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cortical ...
Al-Haddad Sahar - - 2011
We report the case of a 45-year-old Colombian female with a 3-month history of headache, anorexia, fatigue, and diplopia in addition to left facial nerve palsy 2 weeks prior to presentation. On examination, visual fields and fundi were normal, but left abducens and facial nerve palsies were noted. An MRI scan ...
Zhou Qiong - - 2011
SUMMARY AT A GLANCE: A meta-analysis was performed to establish the overall diagnostic accuracy of T cell IFN-γ release assays for tuberculous pleurisy. The current evidence does not support the use of T cell IFN-γ release assays on either pleural fluid or blood, for the diagnosis of tuberculous pleurisy. ABSTRACT: ...
Kloek Jaap J - - 2011
Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas is a rare but well-established entity in contrast to intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the biliary tract. The aim of this study was to compare the clinicopathologic features of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of the biliary tract and of the pancreas. Twenty patients ...
Bailey S L - - 2011
In high tuberculosis (TB) burden, resource-poor countries, sputum smear microscopy remains the mainstay of diagnosis. The low sensitivity of this test means that patients with smear-negative but culture-positive TB pass undetected through the health care system. Such clinical episodes are missed opportunities for diagnosis and interruption of transmission, which might ...
Balato Anna A Department of Dermatology, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, - - 2011
One of the most confounding characteristics, commonly seen in malignant, but even in benign melanocytic nevi, is represented by the regression phenomenon. The identification of regression, through dermoscopical observation, can be predictive of a tricky histopathological examination. Therefore, this feature should be an alert to a meticulous clinical, dermoscopical and ...
Liu Yung-Ching - - 2011
Accurately differentiating tuberculous pleurisy from lung cancer is important for disease management but difficult using conventional laboratory methods. This study assessed the value of adenosine deaminase (ADA) and interferon gamma (IFN-γ) for differentiating the two conditions in a region of Taiwan with a high prevalence of tuberculosis. The study population ...
Tripathy Sujit Kumar - - 2011
A 22-year-young adult presented with a painless swelling of distal fibula on right side for 3-month duration. He had no constitutional symptoms and there was full range of painfree ankle movement. Radiographs showed cortical breech with an osteolytic lesion in lateral malleolus. Magnetic Resonance Imaging showed T2W hyperintense signal in ...
Khilnani Gopi C - - 2011
We report a case of a 14-year-boy who presented to us with a low-grade fever with evening rise for 9 months. Along with this, the patient also reported a reduction in his appetite and body weight. He had a mild dry cough but no respiratory symptoms otherwise. There was no ...
Ogbodo Elisha E Department of Neurosurgery, Cork University Hospital, Cork, - - 2011
The authors describe an unusual case of metastatic thyroid follicular adenocarcinoma presenting with sciatica in a 79-year-old woman. The primary thyroid tumour was undiagnosed until this clinical presentation. The patient gave a short history of back pain and right-sided sciatica, which was progressive and nocturnal in nature. Neuroimaging revealed an ...
Marcelo Alvin - - 2011
Optimal use of limited human, technical and financial resources is a major concern for tuberculosis (TB) control in developing nations. Further impediments include a lack of trained physicians, and logistical difficulties in arranging face-to-face (f-2-f) TB Diagnostic Committee (TBDC) consultations. Use of e-Health for virtual TBDCs (Internet and "iPath"), to ...
Mohseni Mohammad-Ghasem - - 2011
Benign renal cystic adenoma with out malignant features is a very rare entity. A 75 year old male with obstructive Lower tract symptoms and vague flank pain was admitted and planned for nephrectomy of non functional kidney -due to long term nephrolithiasis- intra operative finding was a cystic hydronephrotic kidney ...
Kuge Atsushi - - 2011
Pituitary abscess is an extremely rare finding. The abscess may arise as a primary pituitary lesion or be associated with parasellar pathology. It is important for pituitary abscess treatments to perform early diagnosis. In this report, we describe a case of pituitary adenoma in which MRI findings changed during the ...
Alsumrain Mohammad - - 2011
We present the case of an interesting and unusual bronchoscopic finding in a 46-year-old African American woman who had been homeless for 10 years and resided in an inner city train station. She presented with cough and significant weight loss. Chest X-ray showed bilateral cystic and bullous interstitial infiltrates. CT ...
Yildirim D - - 2011
Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is the gold standard for the diagnosis of lymphoma in Hashimoto's thyroiditis and is able to differentiate between benign, inflammatory or malignant nodules, classifying them as either true nodules or pseudonodules. This technique is, however, invasive. The present study aimed to differentiate pseudonodules from true ...
Sengupta Arup - - 2011
In the preoperative decision-making of the thyroid swellings, fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is becoming an ever more vital tool. To compare the advantage of preoperative FNAC of thyroid swellings with postoperative histopathology to reach a consensus protocol as a simple procedure for diagnosis and optimal management of thyroid swellings. ...
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