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El-Sayed Nagwa Mostafa NM Medical Parasitology Department, Research Institute of Ophthalmology, 2 El-Ahram St, P.O. Box: 90, Giza, 12556, Egypt, - - 2014
Acanthamoeba is one of the most common free-living amoebae. It is widespread in the environment and can infect humans causing keratitis. Delayed diagnosis or misdiagnosis leads to extensive corneal inflammation and profound visual loss. Therefore, accurate and rapid diagnosis of Acanthamoeba keratitis is essential for successful treatment and good prognosis. ...
Beckwith-Cohen B B The Comparative Ocular Pathology Laboratory of Wisconsin, School of Veterinary Medicine, the University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, - - 2014
Papillomas of the conjunctival surface in people can be of viral or nonviral origin and are found in high association with human papillomavirus. Canine conjunctival papillomas are seldom described, and published accounts have mostly been associated with canine oral papillomavirus infection. Here, we describe conjunctival squamous papillomas that do not ...
Zhou Wei W Department of Ultrasound, Rui Jin Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to sonographically evaluate the diagnosis of localized Castleman disease in the abdomen and pelvis. This was a retrospective analysis of 18 cases of Castleman disease localized in the abdomen and pelvis. The following features of the lesions were assessed on sonography (US): location, size, ...
Murie Jill J GP Associate Adviser, NHS Education for Scotland (West Region), UK - - 2014
A 70-year-old woman presented with progressive skin lesions on the face, limbs and trunk in the absence of systemic illness. Three months earlier, she had been prescribed six months prophylactic nitrofurantoin for recurrent urinary tract infections, treated with nitrofurantoin and trimethoprim. Positive immunology and histological inflammatory changes in a skin ...
Hartley B E J BE Great Ormond Street Hospital, United - - 2014
Nasal dermoids are rare developmental anomalies seen in children. This study reports the largest case series of 103 patients seen in a quaternary specialist unit over a 10-year period. We report the surgical and radiological findings and propose a new classification system, which clearly describes the extent of the lesions, ...
Cengic Ismet I Department of Radiology, Van Bolge Research and Education Hospital, Van, - - 2014
A fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) of thyroid nodules - the least invasive and most accurate method used to investigate malignant lesions - may yield non-diagnostic specimens even under ultrasonographic guidance. To evaluate the effects of thyroid nodule volume and extent of cystic degeneration on both the non-diagnostic specimen ratio ...
Bilgili Memet Ersan ME *Department of Dermatology, Yunus Emre Government Hospital, Eskisehir, Turkey; †Department of Dermatology, Eskisehir Military Hospital, Eskisehir, Turkey; Departments of ‡Pathology and §Plastic Surgery, Yunus Emre Government Hospital, Eskisehir, - - 2014
The accuracy of the diagnosis of skin lesions has an important effect in outcomes in treatment selection and prioritization of the treatment. To assess the effect of preoperative evaluations by dermatologists on the diagnostic accuracy of plastic surgeons. A retrospective analysis was performed on 1,146 biopsies that were excised by ...
Song Jike J *MD Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Jinan, China (JS); Affiliated Eye Hospital of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Jinan, China (HB); and Eye Institute of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Jinan, China - - 2014
Epithelial implantation cysts are rare complications of traumatic injury or incisional surgery resulting from transfer of surface epithelial cells from the cornea, conjunctiva, or periocular skin into the anterior chamber. They can either appear as solid, pearl white, or clear in the case of serous cysts. This study describes the ...
Kito Munehisa M Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shinshu University School of Medicine, 3-1-1 Asahi, Matsumoto, Nagano 390-8621, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Neurilemmoma is a benign nerve sheath neoplasm commonly located in the soft tissue. Intraosseous neurilemmoma is rare, constituting less than 1% of primary bone tumors. A 21 year-old woman was presented with left elbow pain of 1-month duration. Plain radiographs showed a well-defined, lytic and expansile lesion of the proximal ...
Tadic Mario M Mario Tadic, Department of Gastroenterology, Dubrava University Hospital Zagreb, University of Zagreb, Faculty of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, 10040 Zagreb, - - 2014
The role of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) in evaluating pancreatic pathology has been well documented from the beginning of its clinical use. High spatial resolution and the close proximity to the evaluated organs within the mediastinum and abdominal cavity allow detection of small focal lesions and precise tissue acquisition from suspected ...
Soudah B B Institute of Pathology, Hannover Medical School, D-30625 Hannover, - - 2014
Fine needle aspiration (FNA) is a sensitive and specific method (95%), often helpful in characterizing suspected liver lesions. It is appropriate to distinguish between primary and secondary liver neoplasia. Moreover, in most cases, the use of cell block preparations of small specimens allows immunocytochemical evaluation to determine the nature of ...
Deshpande S S SS Department of Radiology, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College and General Hospital, Sion, Mumbai 400022, - - 2014
Head and neck malignancies constitute a major cause of morbidity and mortality all over the world. Radiotherapy plays a pivotal role in the management of these tumours; however, it has associated complications, with mandibular osteoradionecrosis (ORN) being one of the gravest orofacial complications. Early diagnosis, extent evaluation, and detection of ...
Kodama Makoto - - 2014
Paragonimiasis is a food-borne infection caused by Paragonimus parasites. The lungs and pleura are the primary sites for the infection; however, ectopic infection can occur in other organs such as skin, liver and brain. It is difficult to make a diagnosis of ectopic paragonimiasis due to an ignorance of, and ...
Markou Konstantinos K Department of Otolaryngology, Ahepa Univeristy Hospital, Thessaloniki, - - 2014
Mucoceles are common lesions of minor salivary glands. Mucoceles of the major salivary glands including the submandibular gland are extremely rare, but should be considered in the differential diagnosis of submandibular space swellings. We present a rare case of a 25-year old man, who was diagnosed with a submandibular gland ...
Beckwith-Cohen Billie B The Comparative Ocular Pathology Laboratory of Wisconsin (COPLOW), School of Veterinary Medicine, the University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2015 Linden Drive, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, - - 2014
To evaluate the outcome of eyes with a confirmed iridociliary epithelial tumour (ICET) following biopsy. Forty-two specimens were selected from the Comparative Ocular Pathology Laboratory of Wisconsin database, including 11 globes enucleated following ICET biopsy and 31 iridociliary biopsies with a confirmed ICET. Histopathology was performed for all specimens. When ...
Sivakumaran Ramanan R Department of Neurosurgery, Frenchay Hospital , Bristol , - - 2014
Anterograde amnesia is a recognised complication of colloid cyst excision, occurring usually as a result of forniceal injury. However, spontaneous amnesia due to intra-cyst haemorrhage prior to excision has not been reported previously. We report such a case in which amnesia completely resolved following endoscopic cyst excision.
Al-Habsi Hamdan A HA Departments of Family Medicine & Public Health, Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, - - 2014
Syringocystadenoma papilliferum (SCAP) is a rare skin tumour believed to arise from the apocrine or eccrine sweat glands. It appears predominantly in childhood, usually at birth. It is exceedingly rare for it to appear on the upper lip. We report a case of SCAP in a 10-year-old Omani girl who ...
Feng Jizhen J Department of radiology, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, - - 2014
Pulmonary amyloidosis is usually associated with systemic amyloidosis. Localized pulmonary amyloidosis without systemic amyloidosis is even rare. We present an unusual case of primary pulmonary multinodular amyloidosis in a middle-aged woman. She presented our hospital with cough and chest distress only. Results of CT showed multiple nodules with diffused calcification ...
Nath Vikas V Department of Pathology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, 2500 North State Street, Jackson, MS, 39216, - - 2014
We report two cases of mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) of the thyroid gland coexisting with, and possibly arising in, papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). In the first case, CT-guided fine-needle aspiration (FNA) was performed on a paratracheal mass representing extrathyroidal invasion of a right thyroid lobe tumor. The aspirate showed papillary fronds and ...
Balossier A A Service de neurochirurgie, CHRU de Lille, 59037 Lille, France; Service de neurochirurgie, CHU de Caen, 14000 Caen, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pineal tumours account for 1% to 4% of brain tumours in adults and for around 10% in children. Except in a few cases where germ cell markers are elevated, accurate histological samples are mandatory to initiate the treatment. Open surgery still has a high morbidity and is often needless. Biopsies ...
Ferguson Kim B KB Bone and Soft Tissue Sarcoma Service, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, 84 Castle Street, Glasgow G4 0SF, United - - 2014
Image-guided needle biopsy of a suspected musculoskeletal malignancy has become increasingly popular as an effective modality for diagnosis. Our aim was to determine accuracy and success rates of the image guided biopsies performed by our service. A retrospective review of the Bone and Soft Tissue Sarcoma service database was performed ...
Oriá Arianne P AP School of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechny, Federal University of Bahia, UFBA, 500, Avenida Adhemar de Barros, Salvador, 40170-110, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to establish reference values for diagnostic ophthalmic tests in sambar deer (Rusa unicolor) as well as to describe the most relevant features of the bony orbital anatomy and ocular histology. Twenty healthy animals, free living in a forest reserve, that were captured for clinical ...
Abubakar U - - 2014
Plexiformneurofibromas (PNFs) are benign nerve tumours resulting from aberrant growth of cells of nerve sheath. PNFs are generally painless, slow growing neoplasms. Although most neoplasms are asymptomatic, they can be particularly debilitating due to their potential to grow to very large sizes. They have potential for transformation into highly malignant ...
Kumar A Vijay V Senior Lecturer, Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology, PMNM Dental College & Hospital , Bagalkote, Karnataka, India - - 2014
Klestadt's cyst is commonly known as Nasolabial cyst, is a rare non-odontogenic, soft-tissue, developmental cyst. It accounts for around 0.7% of cysts of the jaws and 2.5% of the nonodontogenic cysts. Following its first description in 1882 by Zukuerkandl, very few cases have been documented in the literature. The cyst ...
Chowhan Amit Kumar AK Assistant Professor, Department of Pathology, SVIMS , Tirupati, India - - 2014
Introduction: Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is a well-established first line diagnostic tool in evaluating palpable thyroid lesions. However, the technique depends on suction and thus is at times painful, sometimes traumatic and yield haemorrhagic material for cytological study. In more recent times, a modified technique called fine needle sampling ...
Calonje Eduardo E St John's Institute of Dermatology, St Thomas' Hospital, London, - - 2014
Cutaneous vascular tumours are plentiful and represent one of the most common groups of soft tissue proliferations presenting in the skin. In the majority of cases the histological diagnosis of a cutaneous vascular is straightforward and most lesions are benign. Pathologists face three very challenging tasks when confronted with a ...
Pathade Smita C SC Associate Professor, Department of Pathology, DM WIMS , Wayanad, Kerala, India - - 2014
Burkitt's lymphoma(BL) is a highly aggressive B -cell Lymphoma of childhood with a doubling time of 24 to 48 h. Depending upon the clinical and epidemiological factors it is classified as Epidemic, Sporadic and Immunodeficiency associated Burkitt's lymphoma. Sporadic Burkitt's lymphoma has its own characteristics with few differences pertaining to ...
Hassan Ali Sami AS Department of Ophthalmology, Conquest Hospital , Hastings TN37 7RD , United Kingdom - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To highlight a rare case of hidradenitis suppurativa affecting the periorbital skin in which chronic nodules resulted in a sinus tract connecting the lacrimal sac and ethmoidal sinus. A single interventional case note review with clinical history, examination, results of investigations and details of medical and surgical management. ...
Jang Sun Mi SM Department of Internal Medicine, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan, - - 2014
We present a case of an unusual infectious complication of a ruptured mediastinal abscess after endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA), which led to malignant pleural effusion in a patient with stage IIIA non-small-cell lung cancer. EBUS-TBNA was performed in a 48-year-old previously healthy male, and a mediastinal abscess developed ...
Cheriyan Jerry J Department of General Surgery, Marshfield Clinic, 1000 North Oak Avenue, Marshfield, WI 54449, - - 2014
Wide local excision is the mainstay in the treatment of the primary lesion with consideration given to specific anatomic constraints in head and neck melanoma. Sentinel lymph node biopsy is considered in all lesions with ulceration, mitoses greater than or equal to 1/mm(2), stage1B or higher, and in all high-risk ...
Thong Jiun Fong JF Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Singapore General Hospital, Outram Rd., Singapore 169608. - - 2014
A 30-year-old woman presented for evaluation of a hard, enlarging, submental mass that was fixed to the underlying mandible. Fine-needle aspiration cytology initially led to a diagnosis of pleomorphic adenoma, which was unusual given the superficial location of the lesion on computed tomography. The lesion was a well-defined rim-enhancing mass, ...
Kumar C J Mani CJ Assistant Professor, Department of Orthopaedics, Government General Hospital, Rangaraya Medical College , Kakinada, India - - 2014
Synovial cell sarcoma is a rare variety of soft tissue tumour. Very few cases of this tumour affecting the tendon sheath have been reported so far. We report a rare presentation of synovial cell sarcoma of the flexor hallucislongus tendon in a 35-year-old female. She presented with a painful lump ...
Fois Paolo P Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, University of Parma, Via Gramsci, 14; 43100 Parma, Italy. - - 2014
Choristoma of the middle ear is a rare condition characterized by the presence of normal salivary gland tissue in the middle ear space. Salivary gland choristomas are benign lesions that are frequently associated with ossicular chain and facial nerve anomalies. Total surgical excision is indicated when there is no risk ...
Misra Satya Ranjan SR Reader, Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology, Institute of Dental Sciences , Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India - - 2014
Children may be born with birth defects, the most common being oro-facial clefts and fissural cysts. A well circumscribed pedunculated soft tissue growth that occurs congenitally is known as congenital epulis of the newborn or 'Neuman's Tumour' as described in the literature. It is a rare lesion and the diagnosis ...
Alexander Riley E RE *Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN; †InCyte Pathology, Spokane Valley, WA; and ‡Florida Cancer Specialists and Research Institute, Tampa, - - 2014
: Primary cutaneous gamma-delta T-cell lymphoma (CGD-TCL) is a rare cutaneous T-cell lymphoma characterized by a rapidly progressive clinical course and a poor prognosis. We report a case of a 52-year-old man with a 10-year history of erythematous nodules and a rapid terminal progression diagnosed as CGD-TCL. Biopsies taken at ...
Miedema Jayson J Department of Internal Medicine, University of South Dakota, Sioux Falls, SD. Email: - - 2014
The authors--with expertise in dermatology and pathology--provide pointers that can help you improve your approach to skin biopsy.
Nakamura T T Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Clinical Research Center, International University of Health and Welfare, Sanno Hospital, Tokyo, - - 2014
Wrist arthroscopy is now widely indicated for diagnosis and treatment of acute or chronic wrist pain, especially for triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) lesions, as a gold standard. In most cases radiocarpal and midcarpal arthroscopy was performed, while DRUJ arthroscopy has been rarely performed because of its difficulties. Recent anatomic and ...
Vrcek Ivan I Department of Ophthalmology (Vrcek, Hogan) and the Department of Pathology (Hogan), The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas; and Texas Ophthalmic Plastic, Reconstructive, and Orbital Surgery Associates, Dallas, Texas - - 2014
Liposarcomas are the most common soft tissue sarcomas in adulthood, comprising approximately 20% of all sarcomas; most present in the extremities and retroperitoneum (1). Despite the large amount of adipose tissue in the orbit, orbital liposarcomas are rare. Diagnosis can be challenging due to the rarity of the entity and ...
Huang Yong Y 1 Respiratory Department, Chongqing Zhongshan Hospital, Chongqing 400013, China ; 2 Department of Respiratory Diseases Shanghai Hospital, II Military University Hospital, Shanghai 200433, China ; 3 Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Interventional Pulmonary, Bethesda, MD, USA ; 4 Cancer Treatment Centers of America, Interventional Pulmonary & Critical Care Medicine, Goodyear, AZ, USA ; 5 Pulmonary Department, "G. Papanikolaou" General Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece ; 6 Surgery Department, University General Hospital of Alexandroupolis, Democritus University of Thrace, Alexandroupolis, Greece ; 7 Hematology Department, "Laiko" University General Hospital, Athens, Greece ; 8 Obstetric-Gynecology Department, "Thriassio" General Hospital of Athens, Athens, Greece ; 9 Thoracic Surgery Department, "G. Papanikolaou" General Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece ; 10 Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, the Second Military Medical University, Changhai Hospital, Shanghai 200433, - - 2014
Mini-interventional procedures are used in the everyday clinical practice by pulmonary physicians and radiologists. Fine needle aspiration and biopsy forceps are the tools mostly used. During these procedures pneumothorax can occur and immediate treatment is necessary. In our current work, we will focus on minimal invasive techniques for biopsy and ...
Ferrante Mark A - - 2014
The main objective of this article is to offer a regional approach to brachial plexus assessment because, although the brachial plexus is the largest and most complex peripheral nervous system structure, most of its disorders involve only a portion of it. Consequently, regional assessment typically localizes and characterizes the lesion. ...
Vijayan Siddha K Loka SK Post Graduate, Department of General Surgery, Kasturba Medical College , Mangalore, India - - 2014
Schwannoma is a rare tumour arising from Schwann cells in myelinated neural sheath of the nerves. They can arise in various places like head, neck, extremities, adrenal, retro peritoneum, psoas muscle. We here present a case of 33-year-old male who came with features of acute pancreatitis, with incidentally detected mass ...
Lew Madelyn M From the Department of Pathology (Drs Lew and Roh), University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor; and the Department of Pathology (Dr Foo), Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North - - 2014
Fine-needle aspiration has assumed an increasingly important role in the diagnosis and management of patients with advanced stage cancer. Given its predilection for metastases to distant sites and organs at the time of presentation, metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is not infrequently encountered in the setting of fine-needle aspiration for ...
Hong Soon Won SW Deptartment of Pathology, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University, - - 2014
The thyroid aspiration cytology diagnosis already has merits in the aspects of accuracy and economy. However, when it is indeterminate cytology, it decreases the accuracy of diagnosis and causes confusion, so other methods need to be added together for diagnosis before surgery or diagnostic surgery needs to be performed, which ...
Bansal Chakshu C Department of Pathology, School of Medical Sciences and Research, Sharda Hospital, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2014
Pilomatricoma is a benign cutaneous appendegeal neoplasm which occurs as dermal nodule on head and neck region of children and young adults. Tumors pose a potential difficulty when diagnosed on fine-needle aspiration cytology. In this communication, we illustrate the cytomorphological features of pilomatricoma in a 38-year-female who presented with a ...
Goldstein Steven R SR Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, New York University School of Medicine, 530 1st Ave, New York, NY - - 2014
Cystadenofibromas are benign ovarian neoplasms. Their most typical features on sonography (US) are unilocular cysts with small, shadowing hyperechoic, solid papillae without internal vascularity. In the past, they were virtually always surgically removed to exclude malignancy. This study was undertaken to review the sonographic appearances of benign cystadenomas. We retrospectively ...
Attwa Enayat E Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, - - 2014
Melasma is a common pigmentary disorder that remains resistant to available therapies. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of erbium:YAG lasers in the treatment of refractory melasma and investigate the histopathological and ultrastructural changes between melasma skin and adjacent control skin before and after surgery. ...
Hillen U U Department of Dermatology, University Hospital of Essen, Essen, - - 2014
Histopathological diagnosis including selection of lesions, the determination of the best point of time for biopsy and workup is not trivial in cutaneous graft-versus-host disease (GvHD). To develop interdisciplinary recommendations on performing, the laboratory work up and reporting of the results of skin biopsies in patients with suspected cutaneous GvHD. ...
Wechter John F JF Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Minnesota, 2450 Riverside Av., Suite R200, Minneapolis, MN, 55454, USA, - - 2014
The relationship of proximal tibial morphology to the presence of femoral osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) lesions is unknown. This radiographic study tested the null hypothesis that knees with unilateral medial or lateral OCD lesions would have no difference in the slope of their medial, lateral, or posterior tibial plateau compared with ...
Cawich Shamir O SO Hepatobiliary Surgeon, Department of Clinical Surgical Sciences, University of the West Indies, St Augustine Campus, Trinidad & Tobago - - 2014
Acute appendicitis is a common surgical diagnosis but several differential diagnoses exist and should be considered. Internal concealment is one such diagnosis. We present a case of a young man taken to the operating room with a preoperative diagnosis of complicated acute appendicitis. A ruptured caecum was encountered and several ...
Zhu Yan-Bo YB Division of Ultrasound, Tianjin Chest Hospital, Tianjin, - - 2014
Fibrous cyst of the chordae tendineae of the mitral valve (MV) is defined as a fibrous cyst arising from the chordae tendineae of the MV. It is extremely rare and its etiology is not clear. We present a case of a cystic structure within the left ventricle. This structure is ...
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