Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 5787
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Rais-Bahrami Soroush S Urologic Oncology Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA. - - 2014
We aimed to determine the natural history of small index lesions identified on multiparametric-magnetic resonance imaging (MP-MRI) of the prostate by evaluating lesion-specific pathology and growth on serial MP-MRI. We performed a retrospective review of 153 patients who underwent a minimum of two MP-MRI sessions, on an institutional review board-approved ...
McIver Bryan B Department of Head and Neck, and Endocrine Oncology, Moffitt Cancer Center, 12902 Magnolia Dr, Tampa, - - 2014
Context: Molecular markers hold the promise of improved diagnostic yield in thyroid fine needle biopsy. The Afirma™ GEC, available commercially, reports a negative predictive value of 94% in the diagnosis of benign nodules following indeterminate cytology. However, there are currently no independent studies of the performance of this assay. Objective: ...
Exacoustos Caterina C Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, Obstetrics and Gynecological Clinic, University of Rome "Tor Vergata," Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the accuracy of transvaginal sonography (TVS) in defining size and location of deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) with laparoscopic/histologic confirmation. Prospective observational study. University hospital. One hundred four women with suspected DIE on the basis of TVS. Patients with DIE underwent TVS evaluation before laparoscopic surgery. An accurate mapping ...
Adas Mine - - 2014
Ganglioneuromas are rare benign tumors arising from the neural crest tissue and are most commonly located in the posterior mediastinum and retroperitoneum; they are rarely found in the adrenal gland. This tumor is usually asymptomatic and in the majority of cases is detected incidentally. Although the characteristics of adrenal ganglioneuroma ...
Hajdarevic Senada S Department of Nursing, Umeå University, 901 87 Umeå, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to further explore expressions of existential experiences by patients diagnosed with malignant melanoma (MM). Semi-structured interviews were performed consecutively after diagnosis among 30 patients with MM. The methodological approach was inspired by Gadamer's hermeneutic philosophy. The analysis of expressions of existential experiences after having ...
Steinmann Thorsten - - 2014
European and national administrative legislation require objective evaluation systems for organ lesions at pig slaughter. These results can be used as basis for herd health improvement programs by farmers and their consulting veterinarians. Various studies have shown that the current evaluation and recording of lesions by authorized meat inspectors are ...
Colon P P Université Paris Diderot, Service d'Odontologie, Hôpital Rothschild, AP-HP, Paris, - - 2014
The therapeutic management of tooth wear lesions does not require the removal of diseased tissue. Nevertheless, diverse etiological factors may be associated with the condition and they could be difficult to eliminate; this has to be considered when planning therapy. Interceptive procedures should be reserved for such situations while regular ...
Lucas Jane S JS Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia Centre, Southampton Children's Hospital, Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, , Southampton, - - 2014
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is an inherited autosomal-recessive disorder of motile cilia characterised by chronic lung disease, rhinosinusitis, hearing impairment and subfertility. Nasal symptoms and respiratory distress usually start soon after birth, and by adulthood bronchiectasis is invariable. Organ laterality defects, usually situs inversus, occur in ∼50% of cases. The ...
Hindman Nicole M NM From the Department of Radiology, NYU School of Medicine, 550 1st Ave, HW 202, New York, NY 10016 (N.M.H., M.A.B.); and Department of Radiology, Columbia University, New York, NY - - 2014
Purpose To determine percentage of Bosniak category 2F complex cystic renal masses that progress to malignancy based on serial follow-up studies,and to determine if there are demographic and/or imaging features associated with progression. Materials and Methods This retrospective study was institutional review board-approved with waiver of informed consent. Hospital database ...
Costa Fábio Wildson Gurgel FW From the *Oral Radiology Department and †Stomatology Department, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Ceará; and ‡Oral Pathology Department, School of Dentistry, Fortaleza University, Fortaleza; and §Stomatology and Oral Pathology Department, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Ceará, Campus Sobral, Ceará, - - 2014
Third molar surgery is considered the most frequently performed procedure in oral surgery. Although there are some indications for the removal of this tooth, such as the possibility of cystic degeneration or a tumor of the adjacent pericoronal follicle, there is no consensus in the literature about their prophylactic removal. ...
Kim Kil Hwan KH Department of Surgery, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan, - - 2014
Adult intussusception is uncommon, but an organic lesion is found to be the lead point in 75% to 90% of the cases. This study was designed to review our experience with adult intussusception and to determine if there are any preoperative predictive factors for a malignant lead point. Thirty-three patients ...
Yoo Hyunkyung H Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan, College of Medicine, 86 Asanbyeongwon-gil Songpa-gu, Seoul, South Korea; Department of Radiology, Inha University Hospital, College of Medicine, Inhang-Ro 27, Shin-Heung Dong, Joon-Gu, Incheon, South - - 2014
To evaluate the diagnostic performance of an apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and quantitative kinetic parameters in patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer. We enrolled 169 lesions in 89 patients with breast cancer who underwent dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). Comparisons between benign and malignant lesions were performed ...
Carr Richard A RA Department of Histopathology, Warwick Hospital, Warwick, - - 2014
This survey examines regional variation in the diagnosis of keratoacanthoma (KA). Twenty-three departments from Great Britain and Ireland were invited. The number of cases coded as KA or cutaneous SCC in the previous 12 months was retrieved. An SCC: KA ratio was calculated. Participants also provided free text responses. Seventeen ...
McInnes Elizabeth F EF 1Cerberus, Thebarton, South Australia, - - 2014
Information about the incidence of spontaneously occurring, nonneoplastic background findings in Syrian hamsters is essential if Syrian hamsters are to be used for toxicity studies. Male and female Syrian hamsters of the strain Han:AURA from the Fraunhofer Institute for Toxicology and Experimental Medicine (ITEM) breeding colony were maintained as control ...
Song J J Department of Gastroenterology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, - - 2014
Narrow band imaging (NBI) is a real-time imaging technique. The aim of this meta-analysis was to estimate the sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic accuracy on the role of NBI in the detection and characterization of specialized intestinal metaplasia (SIM), high-grade dysplasia (HGD) in the Barrett's esophagus. We identified studies by performing ...
Parangi Sareh S Unit of Endocrine Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Wang ACC 460, 15 Parkman Street, Boston, MA 02115, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Thyroid nodules are common, with increasing incidence, but only 5% to 15% of nodules are malignant. Genetic markers should only be used as an ancillary diagnostic tool for indeterminate thyroid nodules. Veracyte Afirma may improve the diagnostic accuracy for a subset of indeterminate cytologic diagnosis. Overall clinical, imaging, and cytopathologic ...
Chen En-Dong - - 2014
Metastasis to the thyroid is extremely rare. There is a lack of awareness of and adequate preparation for this situation, especially in an individual without a past history of malignancy. We describe a rare case of a 61-year-old man in whom a primary distal esophageal carcinoma gave rise to a ...
Villarreal Ithzel Maria IM Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro Majadahonda, Madrid, - - 2014
Parapharyngeal space tumors are known for having a difficult approach, misleading diagnosis and for representing a treatment challenge. Hemangiopericytomas account for less than 1% of all vascular neoplasms and 3% of all soft tissue sarcomas. Only 14 cases have been reported in the worldwide literature in this location. We present ...
Ozolek John A JA Department of Pathology, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15224, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Follicular lesions of the thyroid remain significant diagnostic challenges in surgical pathology and cytology. The diagnosis often requires considerable resources and ancillary tests including immunohistochemistry, molecular studies, and expert consultation. Visual analyses of nuclear morphological features, generally speaking, have not been helpful in distinguishing this group of lesions. Here we ...
Robinson S M SM HPB Unit, Freeman Hospital, High Heaton, Newcastle upon Tyne NE7 7DN, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Incidental pancreatic cysts are identified in 1% of all patients undergoing CT scans of the abdomen for whatever reason. The aim of this review was to provide an overview of the current evidence relating to the investigation and management of these lesions. PubMed was searched to identify relevant studies relating ...
Kim Eun Jeong EJ 0000-0003-2053-8855 Department of Radiology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate the interobserver agreement on lesion characterization and the final assessment of automated whole breast ultrasonography (ABUS) images. Between March and August 2012, 172 women underwent bilateral ABUS before biopsy guided by handheld ultrasonography (HHUS) and mammography. A total of 206 breast ...
Díaz Katya Pulido KP Department of Oral Diagnosis and Oral Pathology, Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Piracicaba, São Paulo, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy and reproducibility of the cytologic diagnosis of salivary gland tumors (SGTs) using fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). The study aimed to determine diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity and to evaluate the extent of interobserver agreement. We retrospectively evaluated SGTs from the ...
Bradish Joshua R JR Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, - - 2014
Melanocytic proliferations are notoriously difficult lesions to evaluate histologically, even among experts, as there is a lack of objective, highly reproducible criteria, which can be broadly applied to the wide range of melanocytic lesions encountered in daily practice. These difficult diagnoses are undeniably further compounded by the substantial medicolegal risks ...
Vlajnic Tatjana T Institute of Pathology, University Hospital Basel, Basel, - - 2014
Endoscopic fine-needle aspiration (FNA) and brush cytology are standard methods for the diagnosis of pancreatobiliary malignancies. Although the majority of cytological diagnoses are straightforward, there remains a difficult category of inconclusive cytology. This study explored the utility of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) to improve the diagnostic stratification between reactive ...
Ustun Berrin B Department of Pathology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, - - 2014
The 2007 Bethesda classification for thyroid cytology defines follicular neoplasm as a category of cases with cellular specimens demonstrating abundant follicular cells arranged in a microfollicular pattern with little or no colloid. The current recommendation for the management of these cases is diagnostic lobectomy. There has been great difficulty and ...
Buza Natalia N Department of Pathology, Yale University School of Medicine, 310 Cedar St, New Haven, Connecticut - - 2014
Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) encompasses entities ranging from ubiquitous hydatidiform moles to rare neoplastic gestational trophoblastic tumors. In practice, the histological diagnosis of GTD continues to have significant diagnostic inaccuracy with marked inter- and intra-observer variability, even among expert pathologists. Studies in correlation with genotypic evidence have confirmed a lack ...
Kaltsas Gregory G Department of Pathophysiology, National University of Athens, - - 2014
The vast majority of gastrin-related gastrointestinal neuroendocrine neoplasms (GI-NENs) develop in the context of chronic atrophic gastritis (type 1), a condition closely related to autoimmune thyroid diseases. These neoplasms are defined as gastric NENs type 1 (GNEN1) and have recently been shown to constitute the commonest GI-NENs in a prospective ...
Anderson Thomas J T TJ From the Department of Diagnostic Imaging (T.J.T.A., M.K.A., D.J.G., J.J.C., M.D.B.) and Lifespan Biostatistics Core (G.L.B.), Rhode Island Hospital, 593 Eddy St, Providence, RI - - 2014
Purpose To identify demographic and ultrasonographic (US) features associated with malignancy after initially nondiagnostic results of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) to help clarify the role of repeat FNA, surgical excision, or serial US in these nodules. Materials and Methods This study was HIPAA compliant and institutional review board approved; informed consent ...
Ring Hans Christian HC Department of Dermatology, Roskilde Hospital, Health Sciences Faculty, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Self harm is a great diagnostic and treatment challenge. In addition, psychocutaneous conditions are rare in the pediatric population and may therefore be misdiagnosed. Dermatitis artefacta is a psychocutaneous syndrome, which is a subgroup of the general spectrum of self-inflicted skin lesions. Dermatitis artefacta encompasses an array of different clinical ...
Gopinath B B Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Info Institute of Engineering, Coimbatore 641107, India. - - 2014
An automated medical diagnosis system has been developed to discriminate benign and malignant thyroid nodules in multi-stained fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) images using multiple classifier fusion and presented in this paper. First, thyroid cell regions are extracted from the auto-cropped sub-image by implementing mathematical morphology segmentation method. Subsequently, statistical ...
Lee Hee Young HY Department of Radiology, Center for Imaging Science, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
In case of mucinous adenocarcinoma (MA), cytologic atypia is usually mild to moderate, or may be absent in some cases, incurring a diagnostic pitfall in recognising MA in small tissue biopsy and cytology specimens. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of transthoracic fine needle aspiration ...
Panteris Vasileios V aBioclinic of Athens bPathology Laboratory 'Histodiagnosis' cDepartment of Pathology, Eugenidio Hospital, Athens dDepartment of Gastroenterology, Iaso General Hospital, Holargos, - - 2014
The aim of this study was the evaluation of the diagnostic accuracy of a specific high-definition white light endoscopy (HD-WLE) system for the optical recognition of intestinal metaplasia (IM) and the assessment of its correlation with histologic and clinical data. A total of 234 patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in ...
Brat Daniel J DJ Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA, - - 2014
1. What are the most important diagnostic considerations in reporting progressive glioblastoma? These recommendations apply to adults with progressive glioblastoma For patients who undergo biopsy or neurosurgical resection at the time of radiologic or clinical progression, it is recommended that the pathologist report the presence and extent of progressive neoplasm ...
Cimen Dilay D University of Kirikkale, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pulmonary - - 2014
Round Pneumonia is a rare subtype of lobar pneumonia which arises due to a developmental defect in connective tissues (pores of Köhn and channels of Lambert). The pathogenesis of round pneumonia is unknown. As a result of this developmental defect, dissemination of infection is limited and remained in a limited ...
Cerutti E E LABANOF, Laboratorio di Antropologia e Odontologia Forense, Sezione di Medicina Legale, Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche per la Salute, Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Extrapolating type of blade from a bone lesion has always been a challenge for forensic anthropologists: literature has mainly focused on the morphological characteristics of sharp force lesions, whereas scarce indications are available concerning the metrical assessment of cut marks and their correlation with the size of blade. The present ...
Matushita Hamilton H Department of Neurosurgery, Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil, - - 2014
The clinical diagnosis of most common single-suture craniosynostosis is easily set, based on the stereotype of deformities and knowledge of the mechanisms of cranial deformations. However, synostosis of unilateral lambdoid suture, probably due to its lower incidence and similarity with other non-synostotic deformities affecting the posterior portion of the skull, ...
Yanamadala Vijay V Department of Neurosurgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit Street, White Building Room 502, Boston, MA 02114, USA; Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, - - 2014
Epidermoid cysts are rare lesions in the pediatric population. The natural history of epidermoids is usually that of slow growth, although rupture and cases of malignant transformation have been reported. Spontaneous regression of an intracranial epidermoid cyst has not previously been described to our knowledge. We present a 3-year-old boy ...
Piccolo Domenico D Department of Dermatology, University of L'Aquila, Via Vetoio-Coppito 2, 67100 L'Aquila, - - 2014
Background Dermoscopy is a very useful and non-invasive technique for in vivo observation and preoperative diagnosis of pigmented skin lesions (PSLs) inasmuch as it enables analysis of surface and subsurface structures that are not discernible to the naked eye. Methods The authors used the ABCD rule of dermoscopy to test ...
Fan Jun J Department of Neurosurgery, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of - - 2014
Rathke's cleft cysts (RCCs) are benign cysts typically located in the sellar or suprasellar region; ectopic isolated lesions are extremely rare. The authors describe the case of a 25-year-old man with a giant symptomatic RCC arising primarily at the cerebellopontine angle (CPA), only the second case reported thus far. The ...
Litière Saskia S European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC), Brussels, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Progressive disease (PD) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours (RECIST) 1.1 is defined as growth of measurable target lesions, presence of new lesions or unequivocal progression of non-target disease. In this manuscript we explored whether a more refined categorisation of tumour response and/or these components of progression, varying over ...
Pandey Srikant S Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Raebareli Road, Lucknow, 226 014, - - 2014
Lower gastrointestinal bleeding (LGIB) in infants and children is a difficult diagnostic problem largely due to limitations of small-bowel evaluation. Duplication cysts are rare congenital malformations with variable clinical presentation. This report describes seven children (five boys, two girls and median age 10 [1.5-124] months) with ileal duplication cysts who ...
Zavras Nick - - 2014
An epidermoid cyst in an intrapancreatic accessory spleen is a rare lesion. Despite advances in radiologic techniques, in most cases it has been diagnosed preoperatively as a possible pancreatic neoplasm. Herein, we present a 63-year-old Caucasian woman, diagnosed preoperatively with enhanced-contrast abdominal computed tomography, as having a potential cystic tumor ...
Lacarbonara Mariano - - 2014
We analyzed the etiopathogenetic, clinical, radiographic, and histopathologic aspects of keratocystic odontogenic tumors, particularly in association with dental anomalies of number, with the aim of providing useful information for their correct diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis within a multidisciplinary approach. A 14-year-old Caucasian girl presented for observation of bilateral agenesis of ...
Scarpa Filippo F Department of Veterinary Medical Sciences, University of Bologna, Ozzano Dell'Emilia, - - 2014
A cytological grading for mast cell tumours (MCTs) would be highly desirable, allowing to select the most appropriate therapeutic intervention prior to surgery. This study evaluates the applicability on fine-needle aspirations (FNAs) of the novel Kiupel grading system, based on number of mitoses, multinucleated cells, bizarre nuclei and presence of ...
Fukuhara Takahiro T Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Tottori University Faculty of Medicine, Yonago 683-8504, - - 2014
Shear wave elastography (SWE) using acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) is a novel ultrasonography technique. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical usefulness of quantitative SWE for differentiating thyroid nodules. For phantom study, we measured the shear wave velocities (SWVs) of the four spheres of 2- and ...
de Miguel R R Servicio de Dermatología, Trincay Polyclinic, Cayman Islands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Many dermatologists are largely unfamiliar with arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). This is partly due to the low prevalence of these lesions and to the fact that they are generally managed by other specialists, in particular, interventional radiologists and pediatric, maxillofacial, and plastic surgeons. In this article, we review the recommended nomenclature ...
Schroeder Gregory D GD ∞Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Northwestern University **Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Cleveland Clinic +Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, NorthShore - - 2014
Study Design. Cohort StudyObjective. To determine the effect of cervical spine pathology on athletes entering the NFL.Background. The association of symptomatic cervical spine pathology with American football athletes has been described, however, it is unknown how pre-existing cervical spine pathology affects career performance of a NFL player.Methods. The medical evaluations ...
Miwa Haruo H Gastroenterological Center, Yokohama City University Medical Center, 4-57 Urafune-cho, Minami-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa, 232-0024, - - 2014
To investigate the usefulness of contrast-enhanced three-dimensional ultrasonography (CE 3D US) for differential diagnosis of solid pancreatic lesions. Eighty-five patients with solid pancreatic lesions who underwent CE 3D US were retrospectively analyzed. Sixty-four patients had pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), 10 had mass-forming pancreatitis (MFP), and 11 had neuroendocrine tumor (NET). ...
Raya José M JM Department of Hematopathology, Hospital Universitario de Canarias, Tenerife, - - 2014
The diagnosis of primary myelofibrosis (PMF) strongly relies on the bone marrow biopsy findings, but a report model has not been standardised. Our aim was to establish general recommendations for bone marrow evaluation and standardised reporting in a case suspicious of PMF. The Delphi method was employed to obtain expert ...
Parashar Pallavi P Department of Diagnostic and Biological Sciences, University of Colorado School of Dental Medicine, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Proliferative Verrucous Leukoplakia (PVL) is a multifocal form of progressive leukoplakia with a high rate of malignant transformation that requires early recognition by oral health care providers for proper management. PVL will frequently appear as an innocuous white lesion or lesions that can easily be overlooked or considered clinically insignificant, ...
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