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Results 351 - 400 of 5817
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Lowrie Mark L ML Davies Veterinary Specialists, Higham Gobion, Hertfordshire, - - 2014
To (1) synthesize the terminology used to classify extramedullary spinal cysts in dogs to clarify some of the commonly reported misconceptions, and (2) propose a classification scheme to limit confusion with terminology. Literature review. An online bibliographic search was performed in January 2013 for articles relating to extramedullary spinal cysts ...
- - 2014
This report contains clinically oriented guidelines for the diagnostic work-up and follow-up of cystic pancreatic neoplasms in patients fit for treatment. The statements were elaborated by working groups of experts by searching and analysing the literature, and then underwent a consensus process using a modified Delphi procedure. The statements report ...
Hügle Thomas T Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland ; Department of Rheumatology, University Hospital Basel, Basel, - - 2014
Synovial biopsies of the knee joint are commonly performed arthroscopically with the patient under full or regional anesthesia. To overcome the effort, costs, and potential risks of surgery, we developed an office-based technique for retrograde synovial biopsy using a designated novel biopsy forceps. Using this technique, no arthroscopic or radiologic ...
Bournet Barbara B *Department of Gastroenterology †INSERM UMR 1037, CHU Toulouse Rangueil ‡Department of Pathology, CHU Toulouse Purpan, University of Toulouse, Toulouse, - - 2014
Mutation of the KRAS oncogene is present in 75% to 95% of pancreatic cancer tissues. This study aimed to evaluate whether endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA), combined with analysis of the KRAS mutation, improves the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer in cases of inconclusive or doubtful cytopathologic analysis. We prospectively included ...
Adisa Adewale O AO Department of Surgery, Obafemi Awolowo University, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, 220005, Nigeria, - - 2014
Intra-abdominal malignancies often pose diagnostic problems to surgeons in resource-challenged centers such as ours due to limitations in modern imaging and other facilities. This prompted the adoption of laparoscopy in our hospital as an adjunctive tool in diagnosing these conditions. Pre- and per-operative data of consecutive cases of clinically unresolved ...
Walker Woolf T WT University of Southampton and University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Southampton, - - 2014
To the Editor:Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a genetic condition affecting one in 10 000-40 000 people from birth (1); cilia fail to beat, and the airway clearance of mucus and debris is severely impaired. If untreated, this results in progressive lung infection leading to bronchiectasis and ultimately respiratory failure. ...
Khanna J N JN Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, MGM Dental College & Hospital, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, - - 2014
Resection of skull base lesions has always been riddled with problems like inadequate access, proximity to major vessels, dural tears, cranial nerve damage, and infection. Understanding the modular concept of the facial skeleton has led to the development of transfacial swing osteotomies that facilitates resection in a difficult area with ...
Snodgrass Suzanne J SJ Discipline of Physiotherapy, School of Health Sciences, The University of Newcastle, Hunter Building, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Clinicians commonly assess cervical range of motion (ROM), but it has rarely been critically evaluated for its ability to contribute to patient diagnosis or prognosis, or whether it is affected by mobilisation/manipulation. This review summarises the methods used to measure cervical ROM in research involving patients with cervical spine disorders, ...
Pasanen Mark E ME Department of Medicine, University of Vermont College of Medicine, 1234 Spear Street, 111 Colchester Avenue, South Burlington, VT 05403, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Symptoms related to colonic function are common and frequently related to functional issues. Possible presentations include constipation and either acute or chronic diarrhea. Because acute diarrhea is most commonly infectious, issues typically center on the role of stool testing and antibiotic treatment. For chronic diarrhea, the differential is much longer ...
Martin-Blondel Guillaume G Toulouse University Hospital, Toulouse, France - - 2014
A 60-year-old man presented with a 4-week history of progressive skin lesions. For the past 6 years, he had been treated for CLL with successive administration of several combination therapies, to which he had had a partial response.
Grimshaw Charles S - - 2014
In this paper, we offer radiographic and pathologic evidence of a unique coexisting dual lesion. A 14-year-old boy presented for evaluation of a painful right knee after sustaining a twisting injury. The patient was found to have a torn anterior cruciate ligament, in addition to incidental finding of distal femoral ...
Na Moon Jun MJ Respiratory Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Konyang University College of Medicine, Daejeon, - - 2014
Pleural effusion is not a rare disease in Korea. The diagnosis of pleural effusion is very difficult, even though the patients often complain of typical symptoms indicating of pleural diseases. Pleural effusion is characterized by the pleural cavity filled with transudative or exudative pleural fluids, and it is developed by ...
Ranjan Shashi S Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Buddha Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Patna, Bihar, - - 2014
This is a case report of a rare clinical entity known as atypical histiocytic granuloma (AHG), which was previously grouped under a broad category known as pseudolymphoma or traumatic eosinophilic granuloma. Less than 15 cases of AHG have been reported until date. AHG poses diagnostic dilemma due to its clinical ...
Squara Fabien F Cardiologie, Centre Hospitalier Princesse Grace, Avenue Pasteur, 98000, - - 2014
During radiofrequency (RF) delivery, lesion volume is highly dependent on contact force (CF). It has recently been shown that changes of bipolar electrogram (EGM) predict transmurality. We hypothesized that there is a correlation between CF and EGM criteria of transmural lesion (TL) during RF. We prospectively studied consecutive 512 RF ...
Sengupta Sanjay S Department of Pathology, Bankura Sammilani Medical College, Bankura, West Bengal, - - 2014
Tubular adenomas are rare benign neoplasms of female breast affecting women, predominantly of child-bearing age group. Definitive diagnosis of this tumor is usually achieved after histopathological study. Clinical, radiological, and even cytological features are often insufficient for accurate diagnosis. The aim of the present study was planned to analyze clinical ...
Maharaja K - - 2014
Background: Erythematous tender nodules predominantly involving extremities are frequently encountered in dermatology and rheumatology practice. They are diagnosed based on distinct clinical and histopathological features. However, in clinical situations, considerable overlap is observed that poses a diagnostic challenge. We undertook a study on clinico-histological patterns of inflammatory nodules over extremities. ...
Loomba Kapil - - 2014
Noncarious cervical lesions often present with overlapping symptoms and have a multifactorial etiology. The dimensions of the lesion axially (depth) and occlusogingivally (width), along with the orientation of the walls of the lesion to each other (angle), are the 3 factors that can be quantified to classify the lesion and ...
Rojnoveanu Gh - - 2014
Mucocele of the appendix is an infrequent entity, characterizedby distension of the lumen due to accumulation of mucoidsubstance and is rarely diagnosed preoperatively. If untreated, mucocele may rupture producing a potentially fatal entityknown as pseudomyxoma peritonei. The type of surgicaltreatment is related to the dimensions and the histology of themucocele. ...
Erdas E - - 2014
Aim. Anorectal melanoma (ARM) is a very uncommon and highly lethal malignancy. Due to its rarity and non-specific symptoms, preoperative diagnosis may be often erroneous and subsequent treatment inappropriate. We report a case of primary rectal melanoma and discuss the current diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Case report. An 87-year-old man ...
Genta Robert M RM *Miraca Research Institute, Miraca Life Sciences, Irving †Departments of Pathology and Medicine, Veterans Affairs North Texas Health Care System ‡The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, - - 2014
External influences, referred to as suprahistologic elements, may modulate pathologists' interpretation of morphologic findings. These elements can be divided into those that are loosely evidence based and exert a desirable influence on the diagnosis and those that arise from emotional, sometimes irrational perceptions not rooted in objective evidence. The latter, ...
Acewicz Albert A First Department of Neurology, Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology, Warsaw, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Intramedullary arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) in the cervical region are a rare clinical condition. They represent a therapeutic challenge, as the lesions may cause serious functional disorders due to their location within or immediately adjacent to the critical ascending and descending sensorimotor pathways. In this case report, we present a patient ...
Fan Daming D 1 Department of Pathology, 2 Department of Prevention Care, the Affiliated Hospital of Medical College, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266003, - - 2014
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare progressive lung disease. Chylous effusion is one of the most common clinical manifestations of LAM. Herein we present a 39-year-old female who presented progressive dyspnea on exertion and chylothorax. The chest computed tomography showed multiple thin-walled cysts in both lungs which suggesting LAM. The pleural ...
Haridas Nithya N Assistant Professor, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, AIMS , Ponekara, Kochi, Kerala, India - - 2014
Pleural effusion is a common diagnostic dilemma for the pulmonologist. A histological diagnosis would many a time steer the way to an accurate diagnosis of the aetiologies of pleural effusions. This study has compared two methods for obtaining histological specimens in cases of undiagnosed pleural effusions. To compare the efficacy ...
Nam Hae-Seong HS Center for Lung Cancer and Division of Pulmonary, Department of Internal Medicine, Inha University Hospital, Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon, - - 2014
Malignant pleural effusions (MPEs) are the second leading cause of exudative pleural effusions after parapneumonic effusions. In the vast majority of cases, a MPE signifies incurable disease associated with high morbidity and mortality. Considerable advances have been made for the diagnosis of MPEs, through the development of improved methods in ...
Santoso Joseph T JT University of Tennessee-West Clinic, Memphis, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the acetowhite changes of the vulva as a predictor for high-grade vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia. Data were prospectively collected from 344 patients referred to gynecology oncology for genital dysplasia. All patients underwent vulvar colposcopy. Vulvar biopsies were performed for acetowhite changes and visible ...
Menon Laila L Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, School of Medicine, State University of New York (SUNY) at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, New York, - - 2014
Endoscopy and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) play a critical role in the detection and management of subepithelial lesions of the gastrointestinal tract. The most common subepithelial lesions detected by endoscopists are gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), leiomyomas, lipomas, granular cell tumors (GCTs), pancreatic rests and carcinoid tumors. These lesions can be classified ...
Saco Michael - - 2014
Accurate histopathologic staging of preoperative biopsy specimens is critical for determining optimal surgical management for patients with primary cutaneous melanoma. The American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) and National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) currently list narrow excisional biopsy (fusiform excision) as the preferred technique for biopsying lesions suspicious for melanoma. However, ...
Benndorf Matthias M Department of Radiology, University Hospital Freiburg, Hugstetter Straße 55, 79106 Freiburg, - - 2014
The Digital Database for Screening Mammography (DDSM) is the largest publicly available resource for mammographic image analysis research and has been used extensively in the past for computer assisted diagnosis (CADx) studies. However, the database has not been searchable for a specific kind of lesion, which rendered the case selection ...
Keswani Rajesh N RN Division of Gastroenterology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
Although the diagnostic accuracy of endoscopic ultrasound with fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) in pancreas adenocarcinoma is high, endoscopic ultrasound with fine needle biopsy (EUS-FNB) is often required in other lesions; in these cases, it may be possible to forgo initial EUS-FNA and rapid on-site cytology evaluation (ROSE). The aim of ...
Ozkan Burak B Department of Interventional Radiology, School of Medicine, Baskent University, Besevler, - - 2014
The most common benign lesions of the kidney are simple cysts. They are acquired lesions and mostly affect the elderly population. To describe the usage of choice-lock catheter and trocar technique in percutaneous renal cyst treatment and determining long-term outcomes. This retrospective study was carried out between February 2000 and ...
Glassman Gary G Graduate Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Adjunct Professor of Dentistry, Director of Endodontic Programming, School of Oral Health Sciences, University of Technology, Jamaica, Kingston, Jamaica; Private Practice limited to Endodontics, Toronto, - - 2014
In situations where suspicious lesions of undetermined origins are encountered, it is important for clinicians to consider non-endodontic and perhaps non-odontogenic sources to properly diagnose the condition in order to provide appropriate treatment. Differential diagnoses may include cysts, anatomic variations, and neoplastic lesions. Diagnostic dilemmas and misperceptions can be prevented ...
Bhanvadia Viral M VM Department of Pathology, M.P. Shah Govt. Medical College, Jamnagar Gujarat, - - 2014
Primary peritoneal serous carcinoma (PPSC) is a rare primary malignancy that diffusely involves the peritoneum, indistinguishable clinically and histopathologically from primary serous ovarian carcinoma. The origin of PPSC has not been well characterized. Here we present a case of PPSC diagnosed in ultrasonography-guided fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) in a ...
Akin Cem C Harvard Medical School, Director, Mastocytosis Center, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 1 Jimmy Fund Way, Room 626B, Boston, MA 02115, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Mastocytosis is characterized by accumulation of pathologic mast cells in tissues. Most patients with mastocytosis experience mast cell activation symptoms in response to various triggers. The diagnosis of mastocytosis should be made from objective pathologic findings. Modern diagnostic criteria and classification of mastocytosis were proposed in 2000 by an international ...
Sara Grant G Mental Health and Drug and Alcohol Office, NSW Ministry of Health, Sydney, Australia, - - 2014
Registers derived from administrative datasets are valuable tools in psychosis research, but diagnostic accuracy can be problematic. We sought to compare the relative performance of four methods for assigning a single diagnosis from longitudinal administrative clinical records when compared with reference diagnoses. Diagnoses recorded in inpatient and community mental health ...
Moreira Bruno Lima BL Department of Imaging, AC Camargo Cancer Center, São Paulo, - - 2014
Transthoracic needle biopsy with fluoroscopic or computed tomographic guidance is a well-established and safe method for diagnosing malignant and benign thoracic lesions. Nonetheless, ultrasound is as effective as computed tomography for the guidance of transthoracic biopsies of peripheral pulmonary lesions and mediastinal tumors, and it offers some advantages. In this ...
Kelly Richard R 3rd Veterinary Medicine, The United States Army Medical Research Institute for Infectious diseases, Fort Detrick, Maryland, USA. - - 2014
Jacketing of nonhuman primates (NHP) is a commonly used practice in the laboratory animal setting to support data collection with reduced direct human-to-animal interaction. NHP often wear jackets for several weeks, potentially leading to the formation of dermal lesions ranging from mild alopecia to severe full-thickness ulceration. We sought to ...
Gimeno-García Antonio Z - - 2014
Previous studies comparing endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) results with different gauge needles have all been carried out with the stylet in place and show no clear advantage to the larger 22-G needle. Similar data for stylet-free EUS-FNA (SF-EUS-FNA) are unavailable. The aim of the present study was to determine ...
Lee Min Joung MJ *Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University College of Medicine; †Department of Pathology, Seoul National University Boramae Hospital, Seoul; ‡Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam; §Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University Boramae Hospital; ‖Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul; and ¶Department of Ophthalmology, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Anyang, - - 2014
To investigate the clinical and histopathological features of inflammatory lesions of the lateral canthal subconjunctival area. This is a retrospective case series of 12 patients with inflammatory subconjunctival masses in the lateral canthal area. All patients included in this study were treated at Seoul National University Hospital or Seoul National ...
Ribeiro C C Pulmonology Department, Centro Hospitalar de Vila Nova de Gaia/Espinho, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic disorder of unknown etiology. Its diagnosis is based on compatible clinical and radiological features and supported by histological demonstration of epithelioid cell noncaseating granulomas with exclusion of other causes. Endobronchial ultrasound combined with transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) has been proposed as a valuable tool in obtaining ...
Moore Ainsley A Associate Professor in the Department of Family Medicine at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ont. - - 2014
To revise diagnostic strategies for Alzheimer disease (AD), update recommendations on symptomatic treatment of dementia, and provide an approach to rapidly progressive and early-onset dementias. Experts and delegates representing relevant disciplines from diverse regions across Canada discussed and agreed upon revisions to the 2006 guidelines. The GRADE (grading of recommendations, ...
Czerninski Rakefet - - 2014
The gold standard for diagnosing oral disease is tissue biopsy. Data regarding compliance with advised oral and maxillofacial (OMF) biopsy are scarce. To quantify compliance and evaluate the demographics and clinical factors associated with referrals and compliance with OMF biopsy procedures. Medical records of military personnel referred for a biopsy ...
Pretell-Mazzini Juan - - 2014
Unicameral bone cysts are benign bone lesions that are often asymptomatic and commonly develop in the proximal humerus and femur of skeletally immature patients. The etiology of these lesions remains unknown. Most patients present with a pathologic fracture, but these cysts can be discovered incidentally, as well. Radiographically, a unicameral ...
Abbas Ossama O *Associate Professor of Clinical Dermatology, Dermatology Department, American University of Beirut-Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon; and †Assistant Professor of Dermatology (D.D.M.), Professor of Dermatology and Pathology (J.B.), Dermatopathology Section, Department of Dermatology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, - - 2014
: The incidence of cutaneous malignant melanoma has rapidly increased in recent years in all parts of the world, and melanoma is a leading cause of cancer death. As even relatively small melanomas may have metastatic potential, accurate assessment of progression is critical. Although diagnosis of cutaneous malignant melanoma is ...
Friedrich Reinhard E RE DMD, Oral and Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery, Eppendorf University Hospital, University of Hamburg, Martinistr. 52, D-20246 Hamburg, Germany. - - 2014
The inflammatory paradental cyst (IPC) is a relatively rarely reported lesion arising from the lateral periodontium of vital teeth. However, IPC appear to be under-represented in registers of odontogenic cysts due to the misinterpretation of IPC as infected dentigerous cysts, in particular IPC originating from third molars. IPCs exhibit some ...
Mitra Jhimli J CSIRO Preventative Health Flagship, CSIRO Computational Informatics, The Australian e-Health Research Centre, Herston, QLD, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Understanding structure-function relationships in the brain after stroke is reliant not only on the accurate anatomical delineation of the focal ischemic lesion, but also on previous infarcts, remote changes and the presence of white matter hyperintensities. The robust definition of primary stroke boundaries and secondary brain lesions will have significant ...
Anderson Donald M DM Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543 - - 2014
Here we document Alexandrium fundyense cyst abundance and distribution patterns over nine years (1997 and 2004-2011) in the coastal waters of the Gulf of Maine (GOM) and identify linkages between those patterns and several metrics of the severity or magnitude of blooms occurring before and after each autumn cyst survey. ...
Kapoor Anoop A Department of Periodontology and Oral Implantology, MN DAV Dental College, Solan, Himachal Pradesh, - - 2014
Gingival involvement is commonly seen in lichen planus, a chronic mucocutaneous inflammatory condition of the stratified squamous epithelia. It is often painful and may undergo malignant transformation and thus warrants early diagnosis and prompt treatment. The aim of this study is to evaluate the use of a bioresorbable membrane (Polyglactin ...
Smark Charles T CT Naval Medical Center San Diego, San Diego, California, U.S.A. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to describe the anatomic features of the glenoid and labrum for shoulders with and without Kim's lesions, as well as define the sensitivity, specificity, and reliability of magnetic resonance arthrogram for the detection of these lesions and determine the interobserver reliability of Kim's classification ...
- - 2014
Essential facts There are 800,000 people with dementia in the UK, a figure that is expected to rise to more than a million by 2021. Less than half of people in England with dementia receive a diagnosis, according to the Alzheimer's Society.
- - 2014
An expert task force has created a new, more detailed definition of epilepsy that should aid clinicians in making an accurate diagnosis.
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