Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 848
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Krishnamohan Prashanth P Department of Neurology, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, 740 S. Limestone St., Lexington, KY, 40536-0284, - - 2014
Spinal epidural abscess (SEA) remains a relatively infrequent diagnosis. Staphylococcus aureus is the most common organism identified, and the infectious source in SEA emanates from skin and soft tissue infections in about 20 % of instances. The thoracic spine is most often involved followed by the lumbar spine. The classic triad ...
Peters Solange S Departments of aOncology bDermatology cPathology, CHUV, Lausanne dService of Hemato-Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital of Fribourg, Fribourg, - - 2014
BRAF inhibitory therapy is the mainstream treatment for BRAF mutant advanced melanoma. However vemurafenib, a type I mutant BRAF V600 inhibitor, induces an array of proliferative skin disorders from keratosis pilaris-like and keratoacanthoma-like lesions to locally aggressive cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cuSCC). Dual BRAF/MEK inhibition is known to lower the ...
Afrogheh Amir Husein AH 1Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology, University of the Western Cape & National Health Laboratory Service, Tygerberg- Cape Town, South Africa 2Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Stellenbosch, Tygerberg- Cape Town, South Africa 3Department of Anatomical Pathology University of Stellenbosch & National Health Laboratory Service, Tygerberg- Cape Town, South - - 2014
Laryngeal cytology, which was popular in the 1950s and 60s, has lost its appeal due to difficulties in obtaining adequate specimens and frequent false negative results which are often associated with smears of suboptimal quality. Flexible laryngoscope and brushes, and liquid-based cytology (LBC) allow for improved collection and quality of ...
Lam Alfred King-Yin AK Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University and Gold Coast University Hospital, Gold Coast, Qld, - - 2014
Paraganglioma normally occurs in sites that parallel the sympathetic and parasympathetic chain ganglions. Common locations of paraganglioma include tumours of paraganglionic system in head and neck region like carotid body paraganglioma and jugulotypmanic paraganglioma. There are also paragangliomas that occur outside the usual distribution of sympathetic and parasympathetic paraganglia. Pathological ...
Zhang Xiao-Li XL Department of Ultrasound, Beijing Friendship Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing 100050, P.R. - - 2014
The present study analyzed the ultrasonic features of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) and papillary thyroid non-microcarcinoma (non-PTMC) with the aim of improving the diagnostic value of ultrasonography. The ultrasonic features of 328 patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), as confirmed by pathology, were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were diagnosed with PTMC ...
Chen Lifeng L Department of Gynecology, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310014, P.R. - - 2014
Primary malignant melanoma of the vagina is an extremely rare variant of melanoma that accounts for <3% of all vaginal malignancies. Primary malignant melanoma of the vagina has a worse prognosis as compared with non-genital melanomas or other vaginal malignant neoplasms. A-35-year-old female had a diagnosis of primary malignant melanoma ...
Mege Diane D From the *Aix-Marseille Université; †Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Marseille (APHM), Service de Chirurgie Digestive, Hôpital La Conception; and ‡APHM, Service d'Anatomie Pathologique, Hôpital La Timone, Marseille, - - 2014
Lymphoepithelial cyst (LEC) of the pancreas is an unusual and benign cystic tumor. Accurate preoperative diagnosis is difficult; hence, most of pancreatic LECs are resected. The aim was to describe clinicopathological features of pancreatic LEC to guide appropriate management. We retrospectively collected data about LEC patients treated in our department ...
Rosenberg Tara L TL Department of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, Arkansas Children's Hospital, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 1 Children's Way, Slot 836, Little Rock, AR 72202, - - 2014
This article provides an overview for evaluation and management of the pediatric patient with cervical lymphadenopathy. A thorough history and physical examination are crucial in developing a differential diagnosis for these patients. Although infectious causes of lymphadenopathy are more prevalent in the pediatric population compared with adults, neoplasms should also ...
Katzenstein Anna-Luise A - - 2014
Smoking-related interstitial fibrosis (SRIF) is a common, histologically striking finding in smokers that must be distinguished from the idiopathic interstitial pneumonias and other chronic interstitial fibrosing lesions. It is characterised by marked thickening of alveolar septa by fibrosis composed of thick collagen bundles that have a distinctive hyalinised quality and ...
Naya Yoshio Y Department of Urology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan, - - 2014
This preliminary study is the first report to compare photodynamic diagnosis (PDD) with narrow band imaging (NBI) in the same patients with flat urothelial lesions suspicious of carcinoma in situ (CIS) of the bladder. Between November 26, 2012 and April 1, 2013, 10 patients underwent transurethral resection of bladder tumor ...
Skov Anne G AG Department of Dermatology, University of Copenhagen Bispebjerg Hospital, DK-2400 Köpenhamn, - - 2014
The diagnosis of mycosis fungoides (MF) is difficult in early stages and is based on a combination of clinical findings and histopathologic criteria. The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic delay in MF and to investigate the rationale for multiple biopsies in a single-centre, retrospective study of ...
Sai Asari A Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-4-3 Asahi-machi, Abeno-ku, Osaka, 545-8585, Japan, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between abnormal retropharyngeal lymph nodes (RPLNs) and sinonasal malignancies among adults. Magnetic resonance and computed tomography images from 89 patients over 20 years old who were all histopathologically confirmed to have sinonasal malignancies from September 2001 to April 2014 were assessed ...
MacDonald Karen V KV Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, - - 2014
The time between symptom onset and physician diagnosis is a period when people with osteoarthritis can make lifestyle changes to reduce pain, improve function and delay disability. This study analyses data for a nationally representative sample of 4,565 Canadians aged 20 or older who responded to the Arthritis component of ...
Choi Woo Jung WJ Department of Radiology and the Research Institute of Radiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Hyalinizing trabecular tumor (HTT) of the thyroid gland is a rare, benign neoplasm of follicular cell origin. Misdiagnosis of HTT as either papillary or medullary thyroid carcinoma after fine-needle aspiration (FNA) may lead to unnecessary surgery. To evaluate the ultrasonography (US) findings of HTT of the thyroid gland and the ...
Walters Laura L LL Department of Pathology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2014
This study examines clinicopathologic features of patients with core biopsy diagnosis of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) that may predict for invasion on subsequent excision as upstage has significant implications regarding need for axillary staging via sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB). We identified 186 patients with diagnosis of DCIS as ...
Ozaki Ritsuro R Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Toyonaka Municipal Hospital, Osaka, - - 2014
In patients with traumatic anterior shoulder instability, a large Hill-Sachs lesion is a risk factor for postoperative recurrence. However, there is no consensus regarding the occurrence and enlargement of Hill-Sachs lesions. To investigate the influence of the number of dislocations and subluxations on the prevalence and size of Hill-Sachs lesions ...
Mervak Julie J Department of Dermatology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, - - 2014
Juvenile xanthogranuloma is a benign histiocytic tumor predominantly occurring in children as yellowish papules on the head and trunk. Presentations on the volar surfaces are rare and may cause diagnostic confusion with pyogenic granuloma, eccrine poroma and digital fibrokeratoma. We report two patients with unusual presentations of solitary juvenile xanthogranuloma ...
Yao Si-Yuan SY Si-Yuan Yao, Departments of Surgery, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, Chuo-ku, Kobe 650-0047, - - 2014
Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a severe adverse drug reaction, which is characterized by erythema, blisters, and/or erosions of the mucous membranes and skin, but intestinal involvement is rare. In contrast, pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis (PCI) is a rare condition associated with a wide variety of underlying diseases, but to date ...
Kumar Sunil S Division of Neurology, and Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences (SK, SS, ANS), University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; and Division of Neuroradiology, Department of Medical Imaging (MS), University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
: Multiple sclerosis in younger patients and brainstem infarction in the elderly are the most common causes of internuclear ophthalmoplegia (INO). We report unilateral INO as the isolated clinical manifestation of a large, solitary, metastatic melanoma in the pons. Brain metastasis can present as INO.
Visagan Ravindran R Department of Neurosurgery, John Radcliffe Hospital , Oxford , - - 2014
Trigeminal neuralgia (TGN) in the paediatric population is seldom reported and often not considered in the differential diagnosis of paediatric craniofacial pain. Even less common are cerebellopontine angle (CPA) lesions causing TGN in paediatric patients. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a CPA arachnoid ...
Udayakumaran Suhas S Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Department of Neurosurgery, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre , Kochi , - - 2014
Introduction. Intraventricular tuberculomas are rare entities. To the best of our knowledge, only 14 cases have been reported in English literature. Medical management of cerebral tuberculomas is well accepted. Intraventricular tuberculomas may be recalcitrant for unclear reasons. An effective management protocol for this entity is unclear. To the best of ...
Eroglu Fadime F Medicine Faculty, Parasitology Department, Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey; Medicine Faculty, Dermatology Department, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey - - 2014
This study aimed at finding out the most effective clinical samples and methods in chronic cutaneous leishmaniasis (CCL). Smear, aspiration fluid, and filter paper samples were taken from 104 skin lesions of suspected cases with CCL, and they were compared using microscopic examination, culture, and molecular methods. We characterized four ...
Ohnishi Yu-Ichiro YI Department of Neurosurgery, Osaka University Medical School, 2-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka, 565-0871, Japan, - - 2014
Retro-odontoid synovial cysts are rare and attributable to degenerative changes in the atlantoaxial joints. An anterolateral approach facilitates access to lesions located anterior to the craniocervical junction without harming the atlantoaxial joints, and can also treat small lesions in the ventral mid-portion of the craniocervical junction without compression of spinal ...
Wang Bonnie B Departments of 1 Internal Medicine - - 2014
Patients with Marfan syndrome used to succumb early in life from cardiovascular complications. With the current rapid advance in medical and surgical care, such patients may now have near-normal longevities. Consequently, rare late-life complications are emerging in these patients and represent challenges to clinicians for their diagnoses and treatments. The ...
Garg Kanwaljeet K Department of Neurosurgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences , New Delhi , - - 2014
Background. Arachnoid cysts account for 1% of intracranial mass lesions. Quadrigeminal cistern arachnoid cysts are even rarer lesions. We report 18 cases of quadrigeminal cistern arachnoid cysts treated at our institute from 2002 to 2012. Methods. We retrospectively analysed 18 patients with quadrigeminal cistern arachnoid cyst for clinical presentation, demographic ...
Muthusamy Saravanaraja S Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, 1400 NW 12th Avenue, Miami, FL, USA, - - 2014
Fibrous dysplasia is a benign fibroosseous bone tumor that accounts for 5% to 10% of benign bone tumors. It can present as monostotic fibrous dysplasia (70% to 80%), polyostotic fibrous dysplasia (20% to 30%), McCune-Albright syndrome (2% to 3%), or Mazabraud's syndrome in rare cases. Bone lesions in fibrous dysplasia ...
Nicolau Carlos C Radiology Department, Hospital Clinic, Villarroel 170, 08036, Barcelona, Spain, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of Ultrasound (US) and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in the characterization of renal nodules indeterminate on CT by identifying benign cystic lesions not requiring further examination. 72 patients with 83 indeterminate renal nodules on CT underwent baseline US and CEUS that ...
Baek In-Woon IW Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea , Seoul , Republic of - - 2014
Multicentric reticulohistiocytosis (MRH) is a rare non-Langerhans histiocytosis of unknown etiology with a predilection for joint and skin. The characteristic clinical features are papulonodular skin eruptions and inflammatory polyarthritis, sometimes progressive to arthritis mutilans, a severe destructive arthropathy. Although these manifestations can present at the same time, it is more ...
Das Dipankar D Department of Ocular Pathology, Uveitis and Neuro-Ophthalmology Services , - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To present the profile of patients with ocular and adnexal tumours presenting at a tertiary eye care institute in northeast India in ten years between 2003 and 2013. Design: Hospital based retrospective review of medical records. Method: The clinical history, site of involvement and pathological diagnoses were retrieved ...
Yoon Won Jae WJ Gastrointestinal Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United - - 2014
Background and study aims: Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) consists of four epithelial subtypes. There are limited data on the endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) findings and/or cyst fluid analysis of the epithelial subtypes. The objective of this study was to determine whether there are differences in EUS and cyst fluid characteristics ...
Neffendorf James E JE Department of Ophthalmology, King Edward VII Hospital , Windsor , United Kingdom - - 2014
Abstract Lacrimal sac tumours are rare, but must be considered in the diagnosis of patients presenting with masses in the medial canthal region. We report a single case of lacrimal sac rhabdomyosarcoma in a 31-year-old man. The patient self-presented to the eye department with a 4-week history of discomfort, epiphora ...
Hardee Steven S a Yale School of Medicine, - - 2014
Abstract Histopathologic lesions of the upper gastro-intestinal tract (UGT) are common in IBD patients. Pediatric patients have a higher incidence of IBD-associated gastritis and duodenitis than adults. This study aimed to identify histopathologic features of duodenal lesions in the pediatric population that are characteristic of IBD compared to duodenal pathology ...
Ayhan Erhan E Department of Dermatology, Tokat Zile State Hospital, Tokat, - - 2014
Dermoscopy is a method to aid in the visualization of the epidermis and dermis. In recent years, the use of dermoscopy in the diagnosis of non-melanocytic lesions such as those of leishmania cutis has increased. This study was intended to establish whether dermoscopic investigation has any diagnostic value in cutaneous ...
Moon Haein H Department of Ophthalmology, University of Ulsan, College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, South - - 2014
To evaluate the thickness of the macular ganglion cell and inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD OCT) in patients with brain lesions. This case-control study included 58 healthy subjects and 98 patients with brain lesions confirmed by MRI. GCIPL and peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer ...
Baldi Bruno Guedes BG Pulmonary Division, Heart Institute (InCor), University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Dr. Enéas de Carvalho Aguiar Avenue, 44, Fifth floor, São Paulo, 05403-900, Brazil, - - 2014
Although computed tomography (CT) has been used previously to assess disease severity in lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM), the associations between the extent of pulmonary cysts on CT and six-minute walk test (6MWT), matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF-D) are not well established. We performed a cross-sectional study to quantify ...
Rinaldi Francesca - - 2014
Available treatments for uncomplicated hepatic cystic echinococcosis (CE) include surgery, medical therapy with albendazole (ABZ), percutaneous interventions and the watch-and-wait (WW) approach. Current guidelines indicate that patients with hepatic CE should be assigned to each option based on cyst stage and size, and patient characteristics. However, treatment indications for transitional ...
Korkmaz Ozge O Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, Turkey - - 2014
Primary cardiac extrasceletal osteosarcomas are uncommon tumours. They have aggressive behaviour and thus poor prognosis. This report describes a 40-year old female patient who was referred to our hospital with dyspnoea, weakness and syncopal attacks. Echocardiography and chest computed tomography showed a left atrial mass, and tumour excision revealed a ...
Miller Joseph M JM Department of Imaging, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, 8700 Beverly Blvd, Suite M-335, Los Angeles, CA, 90048, USA, - - 2014
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) predisposes to the development of benign lesions within multiple organ systems, including the brain, kidneys, heart, lungs, and skin. Disease mortality is due to space-occupying subependymal giant cell astrocytomas and hemorrhage-prone renal angiomyolipomas. The recent use of mTORC1 inhibitors, such as everolimus, has allowed for direct ...
Wilkinson M J MJ Sarcoma Unit, Department of Surgery, Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, London, - - 2014
Tumours within the retroperitoneum can cause a diagnostic dilemma. A preoperative core needle biopsy often is required to establish a histological diagnosis. Preoperative core needle biopsy for extremity soft-tissue sarcoma is oncologically safe and biopsy site recurrence is extremely rare, attributed to placing the biopsy site within the planned resection ...
VandenBussche Christopher J CJ Department of Pathology, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Md., - - 2014
Objectives: Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) and epithelioid angiosarcoma (EAS) are rare vascular neoplasms that share many morphological characteristics on histology but demonstrate different clinical behavior. Given the many reported clinical and morphological features shared between EAS and EHE, we examined all cases of EAS and EHE diagnosed primarily on fine needle ...
Mataliotakis George - - 2014
Intradural Extramedullary (IDEM) cavernomas are rare vascular malformations. They are well circumscribed dark berry-like lesions with a histological appearance of sinusoidal vascular channels. Neurofibromas are the most common IDEM tumours, originating from all nerve elements and leading to firm enlargement of the affected nerve root. These lesions are completely different; ...
Pourabdollah Mihan M Pediatric Respiratory Disease Research Center, NRITLD, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
The efficacy of flexible cryoprobe in providing high quality tissue specimens through bronchoscopy for making a diagnosis remains debatable. In this study, we have compared the diagnostic yield of cryoprobe with conventional sampling by forceps. Forty-one patients scheduled to undergo transbronchial lung biopsy (TBLB) in a pulmonary hospital in Tehran, ...
Marchetti Giampietro - - 2014
BackgroundMedical Thoracoscopy (MT) is a diagnostic and therapeutic procedure, which permits to study the pleural space. The presence of pleural adhesions is the most important contraindication to performing MT. Lesions of the pleura in absence of pleural effusion are usually studied in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) with preoperative ultrasound evaluation. ...
Yan Fei F Department of Cardiac Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, Xinjiang, - - 2014
Cardiac cystic echinococcosis (CE), or hydatid cyst is exceptionally uncommon. We review the experience of surgical treatment of cardiac CE. Twenty-six patients (11 females; mean age, 28.9 ± 7.6 years) with cardiac CE undergoing surgical treatment from February 1978 to April 2013 were reviewed. The operative methods mainly included puncture-aspiration ...
Vallat J-M JM Neurology Department, University hospital, 2, avenue Martin-Luther-King, 87042 Limoges cedex, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
In most dysimmune neuropathies, historically the microscopical lesions were described prior to immunological studies. The latter along with neuropathological studies have found some immune, albeit incomplete, explanations of the mechanisms of these lesions which we will describe in two main syndromes: the primitive auto-immune inflammatory peripheral polyneuropathies (GBS and CIDP) ...
Kiyak Gulten - - 2014
Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) is a rare inflammatory disease.Because of it's uncommon etiology and rareness, diagnosis and treatment is still a challenge. Owing to wide spectrum of IGM it is difficult to standardize and optimize the treatment. The aim of this study was to report and describe the clinical signs, ...
Seo Young Lan YL Department of Radiology, Kangdong Seong-Sim Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, 150, Seongan-ro Gangdong-Gu, Seoul, 134-701, - - 2014
To evaluate the prevalence and clinical significance of focal parotid lesions identified by (18) F- FDG PET/CT in patients with nonparotid head and neck malignancies. From 3,638 PET/CT examinations using (18) F-FDG conducted on 1,342 patients with nonparotid head and neck malignancies, we retrospectively identified patients showing incidental focal FDG uptake in ...
Sentongo Elizabeth - - 2014
The sand flea Tunga penetrans usually infects the feet and affects primary school-age children and elderly persons in rural Uganda. Tungiasis occurs nationwide but disease outbreaks have been reported in the Busoga sub-Region of eastern Uganda, associated with poor sanitation and proximity between humans and domestic animals. Ectopic tungiasis, usually ...
Oda Katsutoshi - - 2014
Surgical site infections are potential complications following open myomectomy. These infections usually develop immediately after the surgery, and are most often located in the myometrium. Pyogenic cervical cysts are rare and have not been previously reported to occur at the site of myomectomy. A 41-year-old nulligravida Japanese woman was referred ...
Belghiti Jacques J Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery and Liver Transplantation, Beaujon Hospital, University Paris-Diderot, 100 Boulevard du General Leclerc, 92110 Clichy, - - 2014
More and more asymptomatic benign liver tumours are discovered incidentally and can be divided into regenerative lesions and true neoplastic lesions. The most common regenerative lesions include hemangioma, focal nodular hyperplasia and inflammatory pseudotumours of the liver. Neoplastic lesions include hepatocellular adenomas and angiomyolipomas. Regenerative lesions rarely increase in volume, ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >