Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1096
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Cina Alessandro - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To define the normative values of scrotal vein diameters, investigate the eventual presence and characteristics of scrotal reflux in healthy subjects, and describe its implication for the diagnosis of scrotal varicocele. METHODS: Color-Doppler ultrasonography was performed on a population of 145 healthy, symptomless subjects, with clinical examinations and semen ...
Blohmer Jens-Uwe - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The present investigation aimed at assessing the possibility of distinguishing between malignant and benign breast lesions by measuring the signal intensity in vessels of the suspect lesions over time after administration of the ultrasound contrast agent Levovist. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Levovist was administered intravenously to 21 patients with breast ...
Rossi Sandro - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a prospective study to compare sonography, color Doppler sonography, and contrast-enhanced sonography for the detection and characterization of portal and hepatic vein thrombosis complicating hepatic malignancies. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Three hundred sixteen patients with biopsy-proved hepatic tumors were studied at baseline and 3 months later with sonography, ...
Kettering Klaus - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Long linear lesions are created in the left atrium to modify the atrial substrate, thereby curing atrial fibrillation. The creation of long linear left atrial lesions using radiofrequency (RF) ablation is time consuming and difficult. Furthermore, it might result in significant complications. Cryoablation might overcome some of the disadvantages ...
Olsen O E - - 2006
PURPOSE: To assess the technical feasibility of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) mapping based on free-breathing diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance (DW-MR) outside the CNS in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twelve children with mass lesions of varied histopathology were scanned with short-tau inversion recovery (STIR), contrast-enhanced T1-weighted (CE-T1W), and diffusion-weighted (b=0, 500 and ...
Häcker Axel - - 2006
PURPOSE: We investigated a newly developed bipolar and multipolar RF ablation system with an internally cooled electrode and resistance controlled power output in a standardized model of perfused ex vivo kidney tissue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: RF energy was applied at different power levels (20, 30 and 60 W) for 1, ...
Huang-Wei Cecile - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the potential of quantitative parametric analysis in the differential diagnosis of focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) from other hypervascularized liver focal lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-five focal liver lesions (in 83 patients) were explored using contrast-enhanced ultrasound (SonoVue and Cadence Contrast Pulse Sequencing) consisting of typical FNH (n=52), ...
Arena Francesco - - 2006
AIM: To highlight the ultrasonographic features of prenatal torsion of the testis in utero (IUTT) at presentation, the neonatal management and the histological findings postorchiectomy or biopsy. METHODS: Seven newborns underwent emergency exploration for IUTT. All patients underwent a sonography and real-time color Doppler ultrasound study of the scrotum before ...
Vigilance Deon W - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Over the past several years, pulmonary vein isolation for the treatment of atrial fibrillation has gained significant popularity. This study was undertaken to evaluate a novel radiofrequency (RF)-enabled clamp system designed to create transmural lesions epicardially on the beating heart using bipolar RF. METHODS: A set of differently shaped ...
Panescu Dorin - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: The study tested the feasibility of differentiating radiofrequency ablation lesions from normal myocardium and quantifying their dimensions by myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE). METHODS AND RESULTS: In 11 normal dogs, we created 14 focal and 4 linear lesions at different left ventricular sites.MCE was performed both before and after ablation ...
Ozkol Mine - - 2006
The aim of this study was to investigate the significance of color Doppler ultrasound (CDUS) findings in the differential diagnosis of suspicious nodular skin lesions and to compare the results according to the Giovagnorio 1999 classification and the modified classification. Forty nodular skin lesions were evaluated with CDUS and US. ...
Kumagai Y - - 2006
Duodenal adenoma with massive mucus production is very rare. We report such a case. Ultrasonography (US) showed the presence of massive mucus, and contrast- enhanced US revealed the thickened wall to be homogeneously enhanced, suggesting that the lesion was composed of the same pathology. The US results were confirmed histologically ...
Antonsson Johan - - 2006
The aim of this study was to evaluate in vivo a laser Doppler measurement system in porcine brain tissue during thermal lesioning. A 2-mm monopolar radiofrequency lesioning electrode was equipped with optical fibers in order to monitor the lesioning procedure. Laser Doppler and backscattered light intensity signals were measured along ...
Laurain Vincent - - 2006
We propose a novel method for contrast enhancement in hypoechoic lesions. Our approach is based on the concept of distance on image manifolds to obtain a credibility function which captures the delineation of the lesion; if the lesion is sharply defined, the credibility function will also give a sharp response, ...
Rennert Janine - - 2006
The clinical and radiological features of brain abscesses can sometimes imitate those of necrotic tumors or metastasis. Whereas the approach and urgency of surgical intervention differs enormously, further diagnostic features are necessary in order to establish the correct preoperative diagnosis. We report on two patients who presented with septated ring-enhancing ...
Fenelon Guilherme - - 2006
We evaluated the factors affecting epicardial radiofrequency (RF) lesion formation in normal ventricular myocardium. In 16 dogs, a minithoracotomy was made and a sheath was placed in the pericardial space. Standard ablation lesions (4-mm tip catheter; 70 ( composite function) C/60 seconds) were created in each ventricle under fluoroscopy guidance ...
Gupta S - - 2005
Interferon-beta (IFNbeta) reduces the number and load of new contrast-enhancing lesions (CELs) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). However, the ability of IFNbeta to reduce lesion sizes and re-enhancements of pre-existing CELs has not been examined extensively. Activity of contrast re-enhancing lesions (Re-CELs) and contrast single-enhancing lesions (S-CELs) were monitored ...
Lee T S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the performance of inexperienced gynecology residents in the evaluation of adnexal masses using sonographic scoring systems. METHODS: From April 2003 to October 2004, transvaginal sonography was performed preoperatively by junior gynecology residents on 1-month shifts on 123 patients suspected of having adnexal masses. A total of 137 ...
McGreevy Kathleen S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Several catheter technologies for creating large radiofrequency (RF) lesions are used in clinical practice, but direct comparisons of the pathological lesions created by these technologies are unavailable. The purpose of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of lesions created by three different large lesion RF ablation ...
Hamner Chad E - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Irrigated bipolar radiofrequency ablation has been used to replicate Cox maze surgical scars in pig hearts ex vivo. Impedance monitoring accurately predicted complete transmurality for all lesions. This study aimed to assess the feasibility and reliability of irrigated radiofrequency ablation and impedance monitoring to produce electrically isolating Cox maze ...
Săftoiu A - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endoscopic ultrasound is considered the method of choice for evaluation of submucosal tumours. Endoscopic therapy of selected lesions represents a useful mini-invasive approach. The aim of this study was to assess the endoscopic management of submucosal tumours of the upper gastrointestinal tract (GIST), with emphasis on the ...
Görg Christian - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound enables the visualization of pleural-based lesions with a poor correlation to specific pathology. At this time, there are no data about the diagnostic value of contrast-enhanced sonography (CES) in pleural lesions. METHODS: From August 2004 to January 2005, 25 consecutive patients with clinical symptoms of pleurisy and focal ...
Miyake Kanae - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate enhancement effects of breast lesions with dynamic computed tomography (CT) and to determine characteristics to aid in differential diagnosis of benign and malignant lesions. METHODS: One hundred seventy-six women underwent preoperative dynamic CT, in which they were scanned with rapid injection of contrast media (3 mL/s) after ...
Furukawa K - - 2005
Abdominal paraganglioma is a relatively rare tumor, and there have been no previous reports describing its contrast-enhanced ultrasonographic findings. We report a case of a lesion of unknown origin incidentally detected by ultrasound in the right upper abdomen. The lesion was markedly hypervascular and contrast-enhanced ultrasonogram showed it to be ...
Fujii Kenichi - - 2005
Positive remodeling is more often observed in lesions of patients who have acute coronary syndromes or vulnerable (rupture-prone) plaques. However, there are few data that correlate plaque morphology, composition, and arterial remodeling in vivo. We evaluated coronary plaque characterization of lesions with positive remodeling using intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) radiofrequency data ...
Glaiberman Craig B - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate factors that affect the size of the thermal lesion created from radiofrequency ablation (RFA) with an impedance-based system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two nonresectable liver tumors, including hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) (N=20; 63%) or metastatic tumors (N=12; 37%) were treated in 29 patients with an impedance based RFA system. ...
Häcker Axel - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To investigate kidney-tissue ablation by high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) using multiple and single probes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ultrasound beams (1.75 MHz) produced by a piezoceramic element (focal distance 80 mm) were focused at the center of renal parenchyma. One of the three probes (mounted on a jig) ...
Savelli L - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Peritoneal carcinomatosis involves the dissemination of intra-abdominal tumor tissue often associated with gynecological malignancies. The objective of this study was to describe the transvaginal sonographic appearance of this condition. METHODS: The data of 60 patients with surgically and histologically proven peritoneal carcinomatosis were analyzed. Transvaginal sonograms performed within 7 ...
Accord Ryan E - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Surgical pulmonary vein isolation has gained widespread use as a treatment modality for patients with concomitant atrial fibrillation. However, several uncertainties persist concerning the appropriate energy source, approach, and the need for lesion transmurality. In this study, we present an in-depth histologic investigation of epicardial ablation lesions in 3 ...
Testa Antonia Carla - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a new contrast-dedicated ultrasound technology, contrast-tuned imaging (CnTI), implemented on an endovaginal probe and using the second-generation contrast agent SonoVue (Bracco International BV, Amsterdam, the Netherlands), compared with the standard ultrasound examination in different gynecologic diseases. METHODS: Eighty-nine ...
Pediconi Federica - - 2005
PURPOSE: To prospectively and intraindividually compare equivalent (0.1 mmol per kilogram of body weight) doses of gadobenate dimeglumine and gadopentetate dimeglumine for accuracy of detection and characterization of breast lesions at contrast material-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) mammography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ethics committee approval and informed consent were obtained. Twenty-six consecutive ...
Koo Bon-Kwon - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to evaluate the feasibility of the physiologic assessment of jailed side branches using fractional flow reserve (FFR) and to compare the measured FFR with the stenosis severity assessed by quantitative coronary angiography (QCA). BACKGROUND: It is not well-known which side branches should be treated after ...
Nattkemper Tim W - - 2005
Dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE MRI) is applied for diagnosis and therapy control of breast cancer. The malignancy of a lesion is expressed in the average signal kinetics of selected regions of interest (ROI) representing the lesion. The technique is reported to characterize malignant tumors with high sensitivity ...
Short James - - 2005
Transalar encephaloceles are rare lesions that do not fit the standard classification of basal encephaloceles. Typically, these lesions present in adulthood, with nonspecific symptoms. We report here a case of a patient with Wegener disease in whom a large transalar encephalocele posterior to the sinus was noted when he was ...
Genadieva-Dimitrova Magdalena - - 2005
The aim of the study is to evaluate the contrast enhanced power doppler technique as a method to detect and differentiate vascular patterns of focal liver lesions. Fourty-nine patients with focal liver lesions were included in the study, twenty-nine of them with malignant liver lesions (9 HCC, 20 metastatic), twenty ...
Su Wilber W - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Catheter-based treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) requires the isolation of the triggering foci as well as modification of the atria with substrate that sustains AF. The creation of linear lesions in the left atrium with standard radiofrequency ablative methods requires long procedural times with unpredictable results. METHODS: The simultaneous ...
Strobel D - - 2005
AIM: We aimed to characterise the vascularisation patterns of hepatocellular carcinomas in contrast-enhanced sonography in correlation to the histological differentiation of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC), and we also compared the diagnostic value of contrast-enhanced sonography in addition to B-scan sonography and power Doppler sonography. METHODS: 51 hepatocellular carcinomas (21 well differentiated, ...
Lamuraglia Michele - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of Doppler ultrasonography (US) with perfusion software and contrast agent injection (DUPC) during radiofrequency (RF) treatment of local recurrent breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten patients were included in this monocentric prospective phase II study. DUPC was performed for ...
Pino Carlos A - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Sacroiliac (SI) joint dysfunction is an important cause of mechanical low-back pain. Bipolar radiofrequency ablation has been proposed as a long-lasting treatment for pain in patients with SI dysfunction who report temporary pain relief with local-anesthetic injection into the joint. No data are available to guide the ...
Fischer Dorothee R - - 2005
PURPOSE: To increase accuracy and reliability of magnetic resonance breast imaging, a new evaluation method might be helpful. The recently suggested evaluation method (Fischer U, et al) resulted in a relevant number of equivocal cases (3 or 4 points). Additional morphologic and dynamic signs as an extension of this score ...
López-Mínguez José R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Drug-eluting stents (DESs) are being used in real life in patients with complex lesions usually excluded from the published trials. It is reasonable to think that the results could be worse, and the performance may be different between DES when these complex lesions are included. METHODS AND MATERIAL: To ...
Lucht Robert E A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study compares the performance of quantitative methods for the characterization of signal-time curves acquired by dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance mammography from 253 females. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Signal-time curves obtained from 105 parenchyma, 162 malignant, and 91 benign tissue regions were examined (243 lesions were histopathologically validated). A neural ...
Sanada Yuichi - - 2005
: The aim of this study was to identify computed tomography features that contribute to clinical diagnosis of hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma. : We retrospectively reviewed the clinicopathologic features of 11 patients who underwent hepatectomy for hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma between January 1994 and December 2003 at Hiroshima City Hospital and investigated correlation of histopathologic features ...
Du Wen-Hua - - 2005
AIM: To investigate the vasculature of rabbit liver metastatic lesions by color Doppler imaging and power Doppler imaging (PDI) techniques. METHODS: Eight New Zealand rabbits with implanted VX2 liver tumors were used. All ultrasound examinations were performed with a HP 5500 color Doppler ultrasound scanner. Before and after the injection ...
Bachmann Christian - - 2005
Since focal lesions of the spleen are rare (0.2%), there is little data concerning color Doppler images of focal lesions of the spleen. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to describe the color Doppler images of 98 etiologically proved focal spleen lesions. METHODS: In about 110,000 consecutive abdominal ultrasound ...
Rodriguez-Granillo G A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the potential relation between plaque composition and vascular remodelling by using spectral analysis of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) radiofrequency data. METHODS AND RESULTS: 41 coronary vessels with non-significant (< 50% diameter stenosis by angiography), < or = 20 mm, non-ostial lesions located in non-culprit vessels underwent IVUS interrogation. ...
Su Min-Y - - 2005
Ninety-nine patients with confirmed breast cancer were reviewed to identify patients who had two confirmed malignant lesions of identical pathology (Group-1, N = 17), and patients who had one malignant lesion and the second benign lesion (Group-2, N = 8). Contrast enhancement kinetics from every lesion was measured and analyzed ...
Kohzuki Masatomo - - 2005
To investigate the potential usefulness of contrast-enhanced intermittent harmonic sonography in the diagnosis of ovarian cancer, we evaluated 4 patients with complex adnexal masses suspected of malignancy using intermittent harmonic sonography after injection of a contrast agent. Tumor and/or mural nodule tissue enhancement was detected in all cases of ovarian ...
Kovoor Pramesh - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We aimed at evaluating bipolar radiofrequency ablation by correlating inter-electrode distance (ILD) with lesion dimensions and continuity. BACKGROUND: Previous reports indicated that bipolar radiofrequency (RF) current applied to two adjacent sites in vitro, synergistically increased lesion sizes greater than that observed for unipolar RF current delivery using the same ...
Numata Kazushi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We examined contrast-enhanced harmonic gray-scale sonographic findings of pancreatic carcinoma in relation to the pathological findings in resected specimens to evaluate correlations between observations made by this modality and the pathological findings. METHODS: The pathological findings of surgical specimens obtained from 16 patients were examined in relation to the ...
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