Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1096
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Klifa Catherine S - - 2007
PURPOSE: To determine whether combining 3D fast imaging employing steady-state acquisition (FIESTA) and T1-weighted contrast-enhanced (CE) sequences could help characterize lesions in 32 women with benign, in situ, or invasive breast lesions. Since FIESTA provides both T1 and T2 information on the same three-dimensional (3D) matrix as high-resolution T1-weighted dynamic ...
Morana Giovanni - - 2007
Liver specific contrast media (LSCM) can be subdivided according to different modalities of hepatic distribution: exclusive distribution to the hepatocellular compartment can be obtained using CM which accumulate within the hepatocytes after slow infusion; other CM demonstrate combined perfusion and hepatocyte-selective properties, with an initial distribution to the vascular-interstitial compartment ...
Kono Rei - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI enhancement characteristics of malignant and benign solitary pulmonary nodules. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The characteristics of 202 solitary pulmonary nodules (diameter, 1-3 cm; 144 cases of primary lung cancer, 31 cases of focal organizing pneumonia, 15 tuberculomas, 12 ...
Celli Natascia - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the most common patterns of various common liver lesions at real-time contrast-enhanced ultrasonography with second-generation contrast agents and their role in the differentiation of malignant from benign lesions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The enhancement pattern in the arterial phase and its modifications ...
Xu Hui-Xiong - - 2007
Yolk sac tumor (YST) of testis is the most common of all childhood testicular malignancies. We report a case of testicular YST in a 2-year-old boy. The tumor appeared sonographically as an ovoid, homogeneous, well-circumscribed, isoechoic, solid testicular mass with good sound-through transmission and increased internal vascularity on color Doppler ...
Goto Mariko - - 2007
PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic performance of breast lesions by the enhancement patterns and morphologic criteria on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Both T1-weighted 3D gradient-echo sequences with high temporal resolution and high-spatial-resolution MRI were performed on 190 patients with a total of 204 enhancing lesions (144 malignant ...
Suzuki Shuji - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) is currently the sole drug-coated stent approved for use in Japan, but there are few reports on its safety and outcomes in Japan. METHODS AND RESULTS: From May 2004 to February 2005, a total of 297 patients with 402 lesions were treated with SES at ...
Rajendran Nivedha - - 2007
This study determined the efficacy of high-resolution ultrasound and color power Doppler as a monitoring tool in the healing of periapical lesions. Five patients with a periapical lesion in the maxillary anterior teeth were chosen for this study. A preoperative ultrasound with color power Doppler was done to analyze the ...
Williams Mathews R - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate diffusing tip laser energy in surgical atrial fibrillation ablation using a canine model. This is the first report to describe the pathological and histological findings using a laser energy source. DESCRIPTION: The surgical atrial fibrillation ablation procedure was performed through a ...
Wilson Wendy D - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of quantitated color Doppler sonography in differentiating benign from malignant ovarian tumors, with the use of tumor histologic examination as a reference standard. METHODS: The vascularity of 38 ovarian masses (30 benign and 8 malignant) as quantitatively depicted ...
Falsetti P - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To study heel fat pad (HFP) inflammatory-oedematous lesions in selected patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using ultrasonography (US) and power Doppler US (PDUS), to describe and compare US features of these lesions with those obtained with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and to describe changes in the lesions after a ...
Chou Yi-Hong - - 2006
A 24-year-old man presented with lower abdominal pain that had been present for 18 hours. Physical examination revealed mild tenderness in the lower abdomen. Digital rectal examination revealed a tender point approximately 9 cm above the anal verge. Transrectal sonographic examination demonstrated an ovoid echogenic noncompressible mass surrounded by a ...
Steinberg David R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Several studies have documented that the size of the osteonecrotic lesion in the femoral head is an essential parameter in determining prognosis and treatment. There are several methods currently available to measure lesion size, but no general agreement as to which is most useful. In the present study, three ...
Häcker Axel - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate strategies to achieve confluent kidney-tissue ablation by high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our model of the perfused ex-vivo porcine kidney was used. Tissue ablation was performed with an experimental HIFU device (Storz Medical, Kreuzlingen, Switzerland). Lesion-to-lesion interaction was investigated by varying the lesion distance (5 ...
Huda Walter - - 2006
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: We investigated the effect of random noise and lesion size on detection performance in mammography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Digital mammograms were obtained of an anthropomorphic breast phantom with and without simulated mass lesions. Digital versions of the mass lesions, ranging in size from 0.8 to 12 mm, ...
Naganuma Hiroko - - 2006
Intracystic slow bleeding is very difficult to diagnose using conventional sonography; consequently, a new sonographic technique has been sought. We present a histologically proven hepatobiliary cystadenoma with intracystic bleeding in which contrast-enhanced sonography (CEUS) showed microbubbles oozing from the cyst wall into the cystic cavity 10 minutes after intravenous injection ...
Prestel Jürgen - - 2006
Transcanial sonography (TCS) is increasingly applied in the diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD), but investigator bias may influence the results of examination. Blinding the sonographer to the clinical diagnosis of 42 PD patients and 35 controls, we obtained a positive predictive value of 85.7% and a negative predictive value of ...
Liu G-J - - 2007
The objective of this study was to evaluate the correlation between the enhancement pattern of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) on contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and tumour cellular differentiation on histopathology. 189 HCC lesions in 189 patients were retrospectively evaluated with CEUS and histopathological examination. CEUS was performed with SonoVue and contrast pulse ...
Zeller Thomas - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Our objective in this research was the evaluation of the long-term results after directional atherectomy using the Silverhawk device (FoxHollow Technologies, Redwood City, California) of femoro-popliteal lesions. BACKGROUND: Considering reports on stent fractures in femoro-popliteal arteries, atherectomy may be a valuable alternative to stenting. METHODS: Eighty-four patients with 100 ...
Alaeddini Jamshid - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Microbubble formation during pulmonary vein (PV) radiofrequency (RF) ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) occurs relatively frequently. Prior studies have shown that microbubble formation may be associated with an increased risk of complications. However, the incidence, time course, and temperature characteristics of microbubble formation during AF ablation with an 8-mm ...
Karabacako─člu Aydin - - 2006
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We evaluated the characterization and detection of liver lesions using mangafodipir trisodium. METHODS: A total of 51 patients with liver lesions [13 hepatocellular carcinomas, 18 metastases, 14 hemangiomas, three cholangiocellular carcinomas, two hydatic cysts, and one focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH)] were examined by unenhanced and mangafodipir trisodium-enhanced MRI. RESULTS: ...
Verma R - - 2006
A single small enhancing computerized tomographic lesion is a common finding in Indian patients with seizures, particularly focal seizures. A small single enhancing computed tomography lesion also presents with varied non-epileptic manifestations viz. focal neurological deficits, episodic vascular headache, syndrome of increased intracranial pressure, etc. Here we present a case ...
Kim Myeong-Jin - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to determine the optimal TE for superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-enhanced gradient-recalled echo (GRE) MRI for the detection of focal hepatic lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ferucarbotran-enhanced GRE sequences, performed on a 1.5-T MR system, were used to evaluate 131 lesions (38 hepatocellular carcinomas, 37 ...
Wu Wei - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to evaluate the clinical utility of performing contrast-enhanced sonography before percutaneous biopsy of focal liver lesions. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One hundred eighty-six patients with focal liver lesions detected on either sonography or contrast-enhanced CT were randomly divided into two groups: a group who ...
Breysem Luc - - 2006
Scrotal abscess in infancy is rare and, in an otherwise healthy infant, an unexpected pathology. We present a 2-week-old boy with a unilateral scrotal swelling, imaged by high-resolution sonography. Sonography with colour Doppler demonstrated an encapsulated heterogeneous mass in the left scrotum with surrounding hyperaemia and a hypervascular spermatic cord. ...
Tozaki Mitsuhiro - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess an interpretation model based on BI-RADS MRI descriptors and high-spatial-resolution MR images in lesions showing non-masslike enhancement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review was performed of 30 consecutive lesions showing non-masslike enhancement. MRI was performed on a 1.5-T scanner using the volumetric ...
Sakamoto Hideo - - 2006
AIM: We assessed the value of scrotal color Doppler ultrasonography as a routine examination in infertile men. METHODS: Color Doppler ultrasonography was performed in 545 infertile men with a mean age of 35.8 years to detect intrascrotal abnormalities. Findings were compared with those of physical examination. RESULTS: Intrascrotal abnormalities were ...
Tozaki Mitsuhiro - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the frequency of a finding in which minute ring enhancements are clustered (defined as clustered ring enhancement) in lesions showing non-masslike enhancement and to evaluate the clinical usefulness of this sign, in addition to that of the BI-RADS MRI descriptors, in ...
Hauth E A M - - 2006
Our aim was to evaluate quantitative parametric analysis for characterization of breast lesions in contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) mammography. In 62 patients, contrast-enhanced MR mammography revealed 75 suspicious lesions, of which 18 were benign and 57 were malignant. The quantitative parametric analysis delineates signal intensity changes of contrast-enhanced lesions on ...
Tung Yao-Sheng - - 2006
The small thermal lesions induced when using high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) to ablate tumors results in long treatment duration. In this study, the effect of using ultrasound contrast agent (UCA, Definity) to enhance the ultrasound (US) thermal effects and, thus to enlarge the lesion size, was studied in transparent tissue ...
Lehman Constance D - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare the accuracy of breast MRI interpretations with and without a new software application (CADstream) that provides automated evaluations of breast MR examinations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-three consecutive lesions seen only on MRI (nine malignant, 24 benign) were evaluated with and without the automated software system. ...
Cil A P - - 2006
Adnexal torsion is one of the most common surgical gynecologic emergencies and needs prompt diagnosis. It usually occurs during reproductive age, which makes the early diagnosis all the more important in attempting to preserve ovarian function. If adnexal torsion is suspected from the clinical findings, Doppler ultrasound can be the ...
Kumagai Y - - 2006
There is a marked paucity of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (US) findings of gallbladder disease in the literature, and there is only one previous case of gallbladder adenoma. We report such a case. US showed a 2-cm polypoid lesion at the gallbladder body. Color Doppler US showed the hypervascular nature of the ...
Flor N - - 2006
We report the case of a 30-year-old woman with persistent pain at the right hypochondrium, relapsing fever, and normal serum tests. Ultrasound showed a hyperechoic inhomogeneous mass; following sulfur hexafluoride injection, uniform enhancement at 14-16 s and rapid wash-out at 26 s was found. Multidetector computed tomography showed an inhomogeneously ...
Chen Min Hua - - 2006
This study aimed to investigate the diagnostic value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) of small hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) (</=3cm) in patient with cirrhosis. Fifty-seven cases with 64 small HCC tumors (</=3cm) were analyzed in this study. In these cases, all patients had liver cirrhosis and surgical or biopsy histopathological diagnosis. Diagnosis ...
Fan Zhi-Hui - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to investigate the correlation of contrast-enhanced sonographic patterns with the histopathology of primary malignancies of the liver. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Of the 318 contrast-enhanced sonographic examinations performed between April and September 2004, 95 patients with 117 lesions confirmed by surgery or biopsy pathology were reviewed in ...
Lee Ho Yun - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this series is to describe the ultrasonographic and computed tomographic (CT) findings of superficial venous aneurysms sometimes misdiagnosed as subcutaneous soft tissue tumors. METHODS: Two of the patients had an asymptomatic subcutaneous mass that gradually increased in size; the third patient had a superficial mass in ...
Sapp John L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia is sometimes limited by inadequate lesion depth. We report the use of a novel retractable needle-tipped electrode catheter with intramyocardial (IM) saline infusion and IM RF energy delivery to create large myocardial ablation lesions. METHODS: The left ventricle was entered via the ...
Park Seong Ho - - 2006
This study evaluates the ability of contrast-enhanced, 16-MDCT colonography to display flat colonic lesions when a very narrow slice thickness (1 mm) is used. Less than 50% of flat lesions in our population could be visualized by blinded and unblinded review. Before they could be visualized, flat lesions were 2 ...
Lin Y H - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of lesion length on in-stent restenosis (ISR) of vertebral artery (VA) origin stenting. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the medical and radiological records of patients receiving VA origin stenting from March 1999 to June 2005. They were subdivided according to lesion length. ISR was defined as ...
Chen Wen-Shiang - - 2006
The objective is to understand the differences in the lesion formation processes between microwave and high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation. The lesions formed by microwaves and HIFU were real-time monitored and compared using transparent tissue-mimicking phantoms at 60 and 70 W of driving electrical power. Microwaves and HIFU produced lesions ...
Hauth Elke A M - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate the three-time-point (3TP) method for diagnosis of breast lesions detected on contrast-enhanced MR mammography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MR imaging was performed in 40 women with 120 suspected breast lesions in mammography and/or sonography. The contrast kinetics was converted by 3TP software on a pixel-by-pixel basis into color-coded ...
Wilson Stephanie R - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop an algorithm for liver mass diagnosis using microbubble contrast-enhanced pulse-inversion sonography. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Ninety-six lesions in 92 patients were evaluated with DMP 115 (Definity)-enhanced pulse-inversion sonography, comprising 44 malignancies (29 hepatocellular carcinomas, 12 metastases, two peripheral cholangiocarcinomas, and one hepatic ...
Kovoor Pramesh - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: The initial success or failure of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) does not always reflect the long-term outcome that can lead to complications such as late atrioventricular block or recurrence of accessory pathways. We hypothesize that these occurrences may be due to a change in lesion size over time. METHODS AND ...
Mesurolle Benoît - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to retrospectively review our experience regarding the value of sonography in identifying a nonpalpable mass within a surgically excised specimen and in assessing the surgical margins in cases of malignancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred four lumpectomies were performed in 99 consecutive patients ...
Tozaki Mitsuhiro - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to evaluate the positive and negative predictive values of the BI-RADS-MR descriptors of focal masses and to develop an interpretation model based on the kinetic and morphologic parameters. METHODS: Retrospective review was performed of 171 consecutive focal breast masses. MR imaging was performed ...
Rieck G C - - 2006
Discrimination between benign and malignant adnexal masses aids in optimising the management of women with pelvic tumours. A grading system incorporating grey-scale and power Doppler measurements might increase the accuracy of pre-operative assessment. The present study aimed to assess the sensitivity and specificity of a grading system including grey-scale and ...
Kim Hyoung Jung - - 2006
The purpose of our study was to evaluate the validity of mangafodipir trisodium-enhanced versus ferucarbotran-enhanced MRI in the detection and characterization of hepatic lesions in colorectal cancer patients. Forty-one patients who were known to have or suspected of having hepatic metastasis from colorectal carcinoma underwent mangafodipir trisodium- or ferucarbotran-enhanced MRI ...
Teifke Andrea - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association of dynamic enhancement parameters of benign and malignant breast lesions at magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with microvessel distribution and histologic prognostic tumor characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Regional review board approval and informed consent were obtained. Surgical resection specimens of breast lesions (32 benign, 86 malignant) ...
von Birgelen Clemens - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We present the remodeling index (RI) versus serial intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) data. BACKGROUND: The RI, derived by comparing lesion external elastic membrane (EEM) cross-sectional area versus the reference at one time point, is used in various IVUS studies as a substitute of true remodeling (change in EEM over time), ...
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