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Esperón Fernando F Centro de Investigación en Sanidad Animal (CISA-INIA), Valdeolmos, Madrid, Spain. - - 2012
We report the diagnosis and molecular characterization of lobomycosis-like lesions in a captive bottlenose dolphin. The clinical picture and the absence of growth in conventional media resembled the features associated with Lacazia loboi. However sequencing of ribosomal DNA and further phylogenetic analyses showed a novel sequence more related to Paracoccidioides ...
Haye R - - 2011
Objective:We report a rare case of fibro-hyaline anterior extensions of the bony nasal pyramid.Method:The clinical, radiological, intra-operative and histological findings are presented.Results:A 34-year-old man presented with bilateral nasal obstruction due to enlarged lateral walls of the nasal vestibule. Radiology showed normal bony structures. Surgery revealed three histologically identical, non-malignant, fibrous ...
Girasis Chrysafios - - 2011
Objectives: To investigate the adequacy of visual estimate regarding the percent diameter stenosis (DS) in bifurcation lesions. Background: Quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) is more accurate and precise compared to visual estimate in assessing stenosis severity in single-vessel lesions. Methods: Thirty-six experts in the field of bifurcation PCI visually assessed the ...
Choy Winward - - 2011
Pineal cysts (PCs) are benign and often asymptomatic lesions of the pineal region that are typically small and do not change in size over time. PCs appear as small, well circumscribed, unilocular masses that either reside within or completely replace the pineal gland. This article reviews and discusses the characteristic ...
Aida Junko - - 2011
It is difficult for surgical pathologists to determine the origin of tissues in samples taken from the columnar-lined esophagus (CLE) or stomach by biopsy or endoscopic resection (ER) on the basis of histologic examination alone. We examined histopathologically a single section (5 to 22 mm in size; mean, 12 mm) ...
de Jong K - - 2011
Endosonography is considered a valuable technique in the evaluation of pancreatic cysts. The aim of the present study is to assess interobserver agreement, in three different observer groups, regarding EUS for characterization of pancreatic cysts. Video sequences of 40 EUS procedures for pancreatic cysts were prepared. Three groups of observers had ...
Zhang Yu - - 2011
PURPOSE: Classification of a suspicious mass (region of interest, ROI) in a mammogram as malignant or benign may be achieved using mass shape features. An ensemble system was built for this purpose and tested. METHODS: Multiple contours were generated from a single ROI using various parameter settings of the image ...
Morris Renée - - 2011
Spinal cord injury damaging the rubrospinal tract (RST) interferes with skilled forelimb movement but identification of the precise role of the RST in this behaviour is impeded by the difficulty of surgically isolating the RST from other pathways running within the lateral funiculus (LF). The present study used a skilled ...
Biffar Andreas - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: Diffusion-weighted steady-state free precession (DW-SSFP) sequences have shown great potential for the differential diagnosis of benign osteoporotic and malignant neoplastic vertebral compression fractures, which appear hypo- to isointense or hyperintense in DW-SSFP magnetic resonance imaging, respectively. In contrast to other diffusion weighting sequences, the DW-SSFP signal depends not only ...
Bourret Pascale - - 2011
In recent years, genomic technologies have entered oncology. In particular, so-called tumor signatures are now commercially available for diagnosing breast cancer. These new diagnostic tools have expanded the content and meaning of diagnosis, by adding a distinctive prognostic (will the disease recur?) and predictive (how will the disease react to ...
Bajin Meltem Soylev - - 2011
A 69-year-old woman was awakened with redness and swelling of the left upper eyelid a few days before her presentation. She also noticed a dead spider on her bed. Ophthalmic examination revealed severe left periorbital hyperemia, edema and a wide necrotic area on the upper eyelid. Systemic condition of the ...
Metcalfe Peter - - 2011
PURPOSE: The urinary and gastrointestinal tracts remain an enormous burden to the patient with spinal dysraphism. We examined our cases to determine the relationship between the level and type of spinal dysraphism, presence of a ventricular shunt, and urinary and gastrointestinal tract management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After receiving ethics approval ...
Tonni G - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The OEIS complex refers to a combination of defects consisting in omphalocele, bladder exstrophy, imperforate anus and spinal defects and represents a rare nosologic entity (from 1:200,000 to 1:400,000 pregnancies). The defect probably occurs in early blastogenesis or in mesodermal migration during the primitive streak period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Brown Alexandra L - - 2011
• To compare the clinical and pathological details of inverted papilloma (IP) of the urinary tract diagnosed in Western Australia with those published. • To determine whether urinary tract IP requires post-treatment cystoscopic follow-up. • Clinical and pathological details were summarized for 41 cases of IP of the urinary tract diagnosed in Western ...
Dhir Mashaal - - 2011
The diagnosis of sessile serrated adenomas (SSAs) is challenging, and there is a great deal of interobserver variability amongst pathologists in differentiating SSAs from hyperplastic polyps (HPPs). The aim of this study was (i) to assess the utility of epigenetic changes such as DNA methylation in differentiating SSAs from HPPs ...
Connors Gerard - - 2011
Background: Angioplasty and stenting are preferred treatments for revascularizing femoral artery lesions up to 100 mm, but surgical bypass is recommended for longer lesions. We assessed long-term patency after percutaneous revascularization of long femoral artery lesions for claudication with intensive out-patient surveillance. Methods: We followed a cohort of 111 consecutive ...
Kuhara Tomiko - - 2011
Citrin is the hepatic mitochondrial aspartate-glutamate carrier that is encoded by the gene SLC25A13. Citrin deficiency often leads to hyperammonemia, for which the current treatment concept is different from that for primary hyperammonemias. Metabolite level diagnosis, often referred to as chemical diagnosis, is not always successful in identifying citrin deficiency ...
Chen Fengshi - - 2011
To confirm the risk of chest wall tract metastases following chest wall intervention for malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), we reviewed our institutional experience. Between 2006 and 2010, 14 patients with MPM underwent chest wall intervention for diagnosis in Kyoto University Hospital. Seven of them underwent extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP) after the ...
Joó József Gábor - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the positive predictive value of ultrasonography based on the results of post-mortem investigations in respect of the most common malformations. STUDY DESIGN: We processed the details of 683 cases affecting the nervous, cardiovascular, urinary and skeletal systems, and the abdominal/thoracic walls. RESULTS: In four of the investigated ...
Hattori Manabu - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the significance of abnormal squamous cells (ASCs) in urinary cytology to clarify whether finding of ASCs could improve diagnostic accuracy. A total of 3,812 urine specimens were reviewed. We focused on three parameters of ASCs, necrotic debris, and ASC clusters, and linked ...
Karabacak Osman Raif - - 2011
Our objective was to assess the accuracy of computed tomographic virtual cystoscopy (CTVC) in the detection of urinary bladder lesions. Twenty-five patients were examined using CTVC. Bladder scanned using multislice CT at a slice thickness of 1 mm. The data were transferred to a workstation for interactive navigation using surface ...
Bartolotta Tommaso Vincenzo - - 2011
to assess the role of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in the characterization of focal liver lesions (FLLs) incidentally discovered but indeterminate at gray-scale ultrasound (US). one hundred forty-two consecutive patients with 174 FLLs (169 benign and 5 malignant) incidentally discovered but indeterminate at gray-scale US, underwent CEUS after the administration of ...
Chen James Y - - 2011
Lesion segmentation involves outlining the contour of an abnormality on an image to distinguish boundaries between normal and abnormal tissue and is essential to track malignant and benign disease in medical imaging for clinical, research, and treatment purposes. A laser optical mouse and a graphics tablet were used by radiologists ...
Bracero Luis A - - 2011
Spontaneous bladder rupture is a rare condition, with diagnosis more rare in the prenatal than postnatal period. To our knowledge, there have been 7 cases of prenatally diagnosed bladder ruptures and all have been males. We report the first case of prenatal diagnosis of spontaneous bladder rupture in a female ...
Jurcuţ C - - 2011
We present a case report of diffuse polypoid lesions of the digestive tract in which multiple endoscopic techniques (upper endoscopy, colonoscopy, and capsule endoscopy) were performed in order to complete and refine the diagnosis in a patient with severe hypogammaglobulinemia with recurrent infections, bronchiectasies and diffuse nodular lymphoid hyperplasia of ...
Evsen Mehmet Sidik - - 2011
A 25-year-old woman was referred to our clinic for atypical cyclic pain and masses at both ends of a Pfannenstiel incision scar. Ultrasound of the anterior abdominal wall showed two masses. Both masses were hypoechoic, heterogeneous lesions located at opposite ends of the scar. The lesions were surgically excised with. ...
Kitami Makiko - - 2011
Patients with clinically mild encephalitis/encephalopathy with a reversible splenial lesion present with relatively mild central nervous system disturbances. Although the exact etiology of the condition remains poorly understood, it is thought to be associated with infective agents. We present a case of a patient with mild encephalitis/encephalopathy with a reversible ...
Cosman Eric R ER - - 2011
Ex vivo photographic temperature mapping of bipolar radiofrequency (RF) lesions in animal tissue is performed over a wide range of electrode tip spacings, tip lengths, tip diameters, tip temperatures, and lesion times. In vivo temperature measurements collected during clinical treatment of sacroiliac joint (SIJ) pain corroborate those collected ex vivo. ...
Gümüş Metehan - - 2011
Duplication cysts are rare gastrointestinal congenital abnormalities and can occur anywhere within the gastrointestinal tract. Duplication cysts are firmly attached to or share the wall of the alimentary tract and have a common blood supply with the adjacent segment of the bowel. Completely isolated duplication cysts are an extremely rare ...
Jana Manisha - - 2011
Congenital anomalies of the male urogenital tract are common. Some lesions like posterior urethral valve or anterior urethral diverticulum tend to present early in infancy and are often easily diagnosed on conventional contrast voiding cystourethrograms. Other conditions like posterior urethral diverticulum or utricle can be relatively asymptomatic and therefore present ...
Dubey Indu Bhushan - - 2011
A 30-year-old man presented to the Department of Surgery with a painful groin swelling on right side. Exploration revealed a reddish-blue hemangiomatous mass in the scrotum extending through inguinal canal into the retroperitoneum. On further dissection swelling was found to be originating from right external iliac vein. The swelling was ...
Hayashi Daichi - - 2011
Choice of appropriate MR pulse sequence is important for any research studies using imaging-derived data. The aim of this study was to compare semiquantitative assessment of subchondral bone marrow edema-like lesions and subchondral cysts using intermediate-weighted (IW) fat-suppressed (fs) spin echo and Dual Echo Steady State (DESS) sequences on 3 ...
Khalid Umair - - 2011
Melanomas within the alimentary tract are usually metastatic in origin. On the other hand, primary melanomas of the gastrointestinal tract are relatively uncommon. There are several published reports of melanomas occurring in the esophagus, stomach, small bowel, and anorectum. The occurrence of primary melanoma of the colon has, however, only ...
Stella Giulia M GM Department of Hematological, Pneumological and Cardiovascular Sciences - Section of Pneumology, University and Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo 27100 Pavia, - - 2011
We discuss the case of synchronous bilateral lung cancers which feature the same histological phenotype and a different EGFR mutational profile. Both histological and molecular characterizations were performed on specimens derived thorough CT-guided fine needle aspiration. A first-line chemotherapy was unsuccessful. Subsequent objective response to the EGFR inhibitor Erlotinib was ...
Hathaway Jessica Diann JD Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Charles Darby Children's Research Institute, and Hollings Cancer Center, Medical University of South Carolina, 173 Ashley Avenue, Charleston, SC - - 2011
Melanoma is the deadliest form of skin cancer in the United States with an increasing prevalence. However, the development of melanoma from a melanocyte precursor is still poorly defined. Understanding the molecules responsible for melanoma progression may lead to improved targeted therapy. One potential molecule is the paired box-3 (PAX-3) ...
Gangidi Sr S Torbay Hospital, Torquay, - - 2011
A congenitally absent unilateral submandibular gland is a rare condition. We present such a case with an associated ipsilateral benign hyperplastic sublingual gland. The enlarged sublingual gland may well represent a compensatory response to the missing submandibular gland, but it is known that sublingual gland tumours are malignant in approximately ...
Kaneyama Haruka H Department of Endoscopy, The Jikei University School of Medicine, 3-25-8 Nishi Shinbashi, Minato-ku, Tokyo 103-8461, Japan. - - 2010
To investigate two distinct clinical phenotypes of reflux esophagitis and intra-hernial ulcer (Cameron lesions) in patients with large hiatal hernias. A case series study was performed with 16 831 patients who underwent diagnostic esophagogastroduodenoscopy for 2 years at an academic referral center. A hiatus diameter ≥ 4 cm was defined ...
Scioscia Marco - - 2011
A detailed picture of the prevalence and distribution of abdomino-pelvic endometriosis in more that 1,500 cases of endometriosis stage IV is presented. A great prevalence of endometriotic localizations in the posterior pelvic compartment compared to the other quadrants with more frequently observed lesions on the left part of the pelvis ...
Sternberg I - - 2011
I. Sternberg, R. Rona, S. Olsfanger, S. Lew and I. Leibovitch The clinical significance of class III (suspicious) urine cytology Background:  Urine cytology, combined with cystoscopy, is the mainstay of the diagnosis and surveillance of urothelial carcinoma (UC). While classes I and II urine cytology are considered benign and classes ...
Crites Melanie A - - 2011
Large bladder masses are typically found to be malignant in nature. We present a case of a large bladder neck mass as a result of previous imprecise collagen injection for urethral bulking. The patient was successfully treated as an outpatient with transurethral excision of the collagen mass combined with post-operative ...
Hodges Kurt B - - 2011
What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Inverted lesions of the urinary bladder comprise a spectrum of changes ranging from von Brunn's nests to inverted urothelial carcinoma. Differentiating these lesions is important because their proper clinical management and their expected clinical outcomes are distinctly different. In ...
Ueda Takuya - - 2010
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Although the pathological categorization system advocated by the International Working Party (IWP) on Terminology has been helpful in categorizing benign hepatocellular lesions, the diverse clinicopathological features of the lesions still cause confusion of diagnosis in clinical settings. Recently, an integrated disease concept termed "anomalous portal tract syndrome" (APTS) has ...
Rajan Sabrina - - 2011
Traditionally, a core biopsy diagnosis of radial scar will prompt diagnostic surgery because of the risk of associated malignancy. However, in the absence of atypia, the risk of malignancy is low. The recent introduction of the mammotome device facilitates vacuum-assisted large-volume sampling of a lesion, such that a benign diagnosis ...
Vag Tibor - - 2011
To analyse the kinetic characteristics of lesions without mass effect in dynamic breast MRI using manual and computer assisted methods. The enhancement pattern of 82 histopathologically verified lesions without mass effect (36 malignant, 46 benign) was evaluated on breast MRI using manual placement of a region of interest. Commercially available ...
Zhang Hong - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to accurately evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of combined detection of ascitic fluid alpha-L: -fucosidase (AFU) and cholesterol (TCH) compared with that of their individual detection. We assayed ascitic AFU activity by colorimetry and TCH level by CHOD-PAP method simultaneously in all 213 cases. Then, ...
Vag Tibor - - 2010
Enhancement characteristics of breast lesions are regarded as a major criterion for their differential diagnosis in dynamic breast MRI (bMRI). However, ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) exhibits a highly heterogeneous enhancement pattern when kinetic analysis is performed conventionally by manual placement of region of interest (ROI) and therefore its diagnosis ...
dos Santos Carlos Eduardo Oliveira - - 2010
Magnifying colonoscopy with indigo carmine dye and the analysis of the capillary and the pit patterns by computed virtual chromoendoscopy (Fujinon Intelligent Color Enhancement, FICE) with magnification are effective for the differential diagnosis of neoplastic and non-neoplastic lesions. This study aimed to compare the accuracy of virtual and real chromoendoscopy ...
Ajit Dulhan - - 2010
To determine the efficacy of urine cytology as a diagnostic tool and in follow-up of patients with urinary bladder cancer. From 951 cases, 1,831 urine specimens were collected in a 5-year period (2000-2004). Six hundred fifty-two cases were suspected to have primary bladder cancer and formed the basis of the ...
Arfelli Elerson - - 2011
Aims Corticosteroids attenuate late growth of radiofrequency (RF) lesions in the thigh muscle of infant rats. We sought to assess the impact of these drugs on the late growth of RF lesions in immature swine myocardium and to determine the electroanatomical mapping (EAM) characteristics of these lesions. Methods and results ...
Hazel Raphael D - - 2010
Ionizing radiation produces a distinctive pattern of bistranded clustered lesions in DNA. A relatively low number of clustered lesions may be lethal to cells when compared to a larger number of single lesions. Enzyme cleavage experiments suggest that the orientation of bistranded lesions causes differential recognition and removal of these ...
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