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Yasuhara Jun J Department of Pediatrics, Yokosuka Kyosai Hospital, Yokosuka, - - 2014
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a genetic disease that causes abnormalities in ciliary structure and/or function. Ciliated cells line the upper and lower respiratory tracts and the Eustachian tube. Impairment of mucus clearance at these sites leads to sinusitis, repeated pulmonary infections, bronchiectasis, and chronic otitis media. Situs inversus occurs ...
Heasman P A PA School of Dental Sciences, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon - - 2014
This paper reviews the classification of periodontal-endodontic lesions and considers the pathways through which inflammatory lesions or bacteria may communicate between the pulp and the periodontium. Such communications have previously underpinned the classification of periodontal-endodontic lesions but a more up-to-date approach is to focus specifically on those lesions that originate ...
Kalogeraki A A Department of Cytopathology, University of Crete, Medical Faculty, University of Crete, Heraklion, Crete, - - 2014
Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is an unusual class of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma that develops in body cavities, without associated mass lesions. It has been linked to human herpes virus 8 (HHV-8), an etiological factor of Kaposi's sarcoma. Although PEL is a B-cell lymphoma, the neoplastic cells are usually of the "null" ...
Landini Manuela M MM Virology Unit, Department of Translational Medicine, Medical School of Novara, Novara, Italy; Department of Public Health and Pediatric Sciences, University of Turin, Turin, - - 2014
Correlating human papillomavirus (HPV) type with the clinical and histopathological features of skin lesions (from genital and nongenital sites) can present a diagnostic challenge. In this study, HPV infection patterns were correlated with pathology and clinical presentation in lesional and nonlesional body sites from a young patient with a primary ...
Sethi Sanjeev S Division of Anatomic Pathology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, - - 2014
Focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a common histopathological lesion that can represent a primary podocytopathy, or occur as an adaptive phenomenon consequent to nephron mass reduction, a scar from a healing vasculitic lesion, direct drug toxicity or viral infection among other secondary causes. Thus, the presence of an FSGS ...
Hua Jian J Department of Hematology, Eiju General - - 2014
A 63-year-old female suffering from hepatitis C virus infection and manic depression was admitted with a 4-month history of hoarseness. Endoscopic examination revealed the presence of a neoplasm with a smooth surface in the left supraglottic region extending to the left false vocal cord. Based on the histological findings, together ...
Kim Jeong Ho JH Department of Urology, Dongnam Institution of Radiological & Medical Sciences Cancer Center, - - 2014
Solitary renal cysts are relatively common. The occurrence of transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) in a renal cyst is rare. We present the case of a 59-year-old man with a medical history of viral hepatitis B. During a workup for his hepatitis, a computed tomography scan revealed a large cystic tumour ...
McCord Christina C Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study aimed to examine atypical and malignant papillary oral lesions for low- and high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and to correlate HPV infection with clinical and pathologic features. Sections of 28 atypical papillary lesions (APLs) and 14 malignant papillary lesions (MPLs) were examined for HPV by in situ hybridization ...
Nolff M C MC Dr. Mirja Christine Nolff, Chirurgische und Gynäkologische Kleintierklinik, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Veterinärstraße 13, 80539 München, Germany, Email: - - 2014
Objective: To report palliative treatment in a case of multifocal feline osteochondromatosis in a feline leukaemia virus (FeLV) negative European shorthair cat. Case: A 6-year-old spayed female European shorthair cat was presented because of a right forelimb lameness caused by an osteochondromatous lesion which had trapped tendons, vessels and nerves ...
Vijayakumar R R Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology, Annamalai University, Parangipettai, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
We examined the occurrence of odontoma in the marine fish Sphyraena jello sourced from 3 different landing centers (Cuddalore, Parangipettai and Nagapattinam) in Tamil Nadu (southeast India). A total of 19783 fishes were examined for odontoma presence, of which 2393 were affected with odontoma. The overall prevalence was 12.1% among ...
Cho Chul-Hyun CH Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Dongsan Medical Center, School of Medicine, Keimyung University, Daegu, Korea. - - 2014
An acromioclavicular (AC) joint cyst is an unusual presentation of full-thickness rotator cuff tears in patients with degenerative changes of the AC joint. It is important to understand the relationship between AC joint cysts and rotator cuff tears because there is a high recurrence rate if the cyst is treated ...
Jeon Hong Gil HG Department of Internal Medicine, Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan, - - 2014
We hereby report a case on bronchogenic cyst which is initially non-infected, then becomes infected after bronchoscopic ultrasound (US)-guided transesophageal fine-needle aspiration (FNA). The non-infected bronchogenic cyst appears to be filled with relatively echogenic materials on US, and the aspirate is a whitish jelly-like fluid. Upon contrast-enhanced MRI of the ...
Reddy G Siva Prasad GS Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Panineeya Institute of Dental Sciences , Hyderabad, India - - 2014
Epidermoid cysts are developmental, benign, cutaneous cysts which are commonly found on face followed by trunk and neck. They account for approximately 80% of follicular cysts of the skin. They are slow growing lesions and remain asymptomatic until or unless secondarily infected. They occasionally have tendency to develop into a ...
Reyes M Carolina MC Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
There are two distinct types of vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN), which differ in their clinical presentation, aetiology, pathogenesis and histological/immunophenotypical features. One form driven by high-risk human papilloma virus infection usually occurs in young women and has been termed classic or usual VIN (uVIN). The other, not related to viral ...
Haas-Lude Karin K Department of Pediatric Neurology and Developmental Medicine, University Children's Hospital, Tübingen, - - 2014
Ventriculitis may complicate neurosurgical procedures, for example, due to shunt or external ventricular drainage infection. Clearance of the infection with subsequent intravenous antibiotic therapy and shunt reinsertion, if necessary, are the standard treatment procedures with a high rate of success. Here, we report on a protracted complication, the development of ...
Abou-Foul Ahmad K AK Department of Genitourinary Medicine, Royal Blackburn Hospital, East Lancashire Hospitals NHS Trust, Blackburn, - - 2014
Cases of idiopathic recurrent benign aseptic meningitis were first described by Mollaret. Today, herpes simplex virus (HSV) is considered the cause of most cases of Mollaret's meningitis. A 40-year-old male was referred to our genitourinary medicine clinic with recurrent genital herpetic lesions. He had HSV-2-positive genital ulcers 8 years earlier. ...
Chernev Ivan I Beckley Appalachian Regional Healthcare, Beckley, West Virginia. - - 2014
Disseminated herpes zoster has been defined by some authors as a generalized eruption of more than 20 lesions beyond the primary or adjacent dermatomes, usually within a week of clinical manifestation of the primary lesion. In the case described by Takaoka et al. the two lesions presented simultaneously with no ...
Bagnara Vincenzo V Department of Maternal and Infant Medicine and Radiological Sciences, University of Catania, 95123 Catania, Italy. - - 2014
Urachal cysts are rare congenital anomalies that often prompt referral to the paediatric general surgeon because of their associated complications such as infection, abdominal pain and the young age at presentation. In this report we describe a rare case of fever of unknown origin caused by an urachal cyst which ...
Kshar Avinash A Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Vasantdada Patil Dental College and Hospital, Sangli, Maharashtra, - - 2014
Mucoceles are defined as chronic, cystic lesions in the paranasal sinuses. When the mucocele content becomes infected, the lesion is defined as mucopyocele. Most mucoceles are located in the frontal and anterior ethmoid sinuses and normally they involve the frontal-ethmoid complex, expanding to the superior-medial region of the orbit, leading ...
Loughlin P P Department of Surgery, Belfast City Hospital, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Epstein-Barr virus positive inflammatory pseudo-tumour (IPT) of the spleen is an uncommon, frequently asymptomatic entity, which is typically picked up as an incidental finding on imaging. We present a case of EBV positive IPT of the spleen which presented as an incidental finding on CT in a patient with a ...
Sakiyama M M Department of Dermatology, Self Defense Forces Central Hospital, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Dermatology, National Defense Medical College, Tokorozawa, - - 2013
Varicella is characterized by skin lesions in various stages of development which are present at the same time. However, photo-induced varicella presents simultaneous single stage eruptions. Therefore, the differential diagnosis between this peculiar type of varicella and small pox is of great importance. We report here a rare adult case ...
Sekiya Kotaro K From the *Department of Radiology, Boston Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA; †Department of Radiology, Nihon University School of Dentistry at Matsudo, Chiba, Japan; and ‡Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Boston Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, - - 2013
Nasopharyngeal cystic lesions are commonly encountered on magnetic resonance imaging with significantly overlapped imaging characteristics. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and distinguishing imaging features of cystic lesions in the nasopharynx in the largest patient series to date. After institutional review board approval, consecutive head magnetic ...
Hull Christopher M CM University of Utah, Salt Lake City, - - 2013
Historically, the primary target for research and treatment in recurrent herpes simplex labialis (HSL) has been limited to inhibiting herpes simplex virus (HSV) replication. Antiviral monotherapy, however, has proven only marginally effective in curtailing the duration and severity of recurrent lesions. Recently, the role of inflammation in the progression and ...
Bejarano Pablo A - - 2013
Diagnosis, follow up, and treatment of anal intraepithelial neoplasia are complex and not standardized. This may be partly caused by poor communication of biopsy and cytology findings between pathologists and clinicians as a result of a disparate and confusing terminology used to classify these lesions. This article focuses on general ...
Low Samantha S Queens Hospital Romford, London, United - - 2013
Simple renal cysts are most commonly found in the elderly, male population. The majority of simple renal cysts remain untreated, except on the rare occasion when they become complicated with hemorrhage, infection or rupture. We present the case of a 31-year-old female with a simple renal cyst which was initially ...
Wang Yen T - - 2013
: Cutaneous granulomas with prominent caseating necrosis are a rare manifestation of immunodeficiency. Extensive and recalcitrant cutaneous viral infections can also be seen. We present a case of an 18-year-old white man with an early onset poorly characterized combined immunodeficiency syndrome who, over the past 5 years, developed enlarging tender ...
Vaatstra Bl - - 2013
Lesions were observed on the chins of two 2- to 3-year-old red (Cervus elaphus) × wapiti (Cervus canadensis) stags from the lower North Island of New Zealand during velvet removal. Both stags had numerous, coalescing, darkly pigmented plaques and nodules on the skin of the chin and lower lips that were 3-10 mm ...
Jeltema Hanne-Rinck - - 2013
We present a 2.5-year-old child suffering from acute hydrocephalus. First, the child was diagnosed with aseptic viral meningitis. The PCR of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was positive for enterovirus. Subsequently, MRI revealed that the hydrocephalus was caused by a cyst in the third ventricle. During ventriculoscopy, the cyst had all ...
Gauchotte Guillaume - - 2013
Respiratory epithelial adenomatoid hamartoma (REAH) is regarded as a rare tumor of the nasal cavity. The mechanisms driving the development of REAH are unknown, and its nature as a benign tumor, hamartoma, or reactive inflammatory process is still open to discussion. A total of 150 consecutive patients operated on for ...
Fischer Nina M - - 2013
Histoplasma capsulatum has a worldwide distribution, but reports in Europe remain rare. We present the second report of histoplasmosis in a cat in Europe and, to the best of our knowledge, the first case of feline histoplasmosis infection apparently limited to the skin. A 6-year-old male castrated outdoor cat was ...
Lee Ho-Jin HJ Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, - - 2013
Papilloma frequently develops as a benign tumor of the head and neck area, but its potential for malignant transformation has yet to be studied. This study aims to provide basic information for papillomas using the immunohistochemical staining of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) and human papilloma virus (HPV) 16 and 18. ...
McLelland David J DJ 1  Zoos South Australia, Frome Road, Adelaide, South Australia 5000, - - 2013
Abstract In 2009, an outbreak of white nodular cutaneous lesions was detected in one of only two known breeding colonies of the critically endangered southern bentwing bat (Miniopterus schreibersii bassanii), at Naracoorte, South Australia. Necropsies were conducted on 10 euthanized bats in September 2009. In October 2009, 123 bats were ...
Vega-Peña Arianna A Laboratory for Research in Cytopathology and Histoquemical, Guerrero, - - 2013
Low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL) are the earliest lesions of the uterine cervix, the persistence and integration of high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) as type 16, which promotes the development of more aggressive lesions. To select more aggressive lesions with tendency to progress to invasive cervical cancer. A total of 75 ...
Shibata Takashi - - 2013
Primary vaginal adenocarcinomas are one of the rarest malignant neoplasms, which develop in the female genital tract. Because of the extremely low incidence, their clinical and pathologic characteristics are still obscure. Recently, we experienced a case of vaginal adenocarcinoma that appeared 7 yr after hysterectomy because of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. ...
Choschzick M - - 2013
Adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) or high grade cervical glandular intraepithelial neoplasia comprises approximately one percent of cervical in situ lesions and is well accepted as precursor of invasive adenocarcinoma.(1) High-risk human papilloma virus infection has been demonstrated as the most important causative agent of AIS. At present, however, we still ...
Cheng Li-Hsiang - - 2013
Children with lymphangiomatous macroglossia often have difficulty eating and talking, and their airways may be compromised because of bleeding and infection, especially when extensive cervicomediastinal cystic hygromas are present. We report a case of lymphangiomatous macroglossia associated with extensive cystic hygromas in the cervicomediastinal region. The 3-year-old girl was treated ...
Liu Weng-Ming - - 2013
Purpose: An ovoid reversible lesion in the central portion of the splenium of the corpus callosum without any accompanying lesions in MRI was uncommon in patients with encephalitis. We aim to report a virus-related encephalitis patient presenting with a reversible isolated ovoid lesion in splenium, mimicking acute infarction. Case Report: ...
Vindenes Tine - - 2013
Recurrent benign lymphocytic meningitis (RBLM) or Mollaretmeningitis is a rare disease with a prevalence of 1-2.2/100,000 population. It is characterized by recurrent episodes of aseptic meningitis. The diagnosis is made via history fitting Bruyn's criteria, and confirmatory detection of HSV-2 in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) via polymerase chain reaction (PCR). A ...
Keng Michael K - - 2013
Febrile neutropenia (FN) can occur at any time during the course of a malignancy, especially hematologic malignancies, from diagnosis to end-stage disease. The majority of FN episodes are typically confined to the period of initial diagnosis and active treatment. Because of suppressed inflammatory responses, fever is often the sole sign ...
Jetté-Côté Isa - - 2013
A 72 year-old female developed a herpetic esophagitis after 3 d of oral corticotherapy for an acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, presenting as odynophagia and total dysphagia. Biospies were taken during a first esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) and the patient was referred to the thoracic surgery service with a presumptive ...
Tagliavini E E Unità Operativa di Anatomia Patologica, Azienda Ospedaliera Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova/Istituto di Ricerca e Cura a Carattere Scientifico (IRCCS), Reggio Emilia, - - 2013
Lymphomatoid granulomatosis (LYG) is a rare B-cell lymphoproliferative disorder predominantly involving the lungs, but poorly-recognized among clinicians and pathologists. It is an Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-driven disease mimicking several other diseases on clinical and radiological grounds, generally showing multiple, bilateral nodular, ill-defined infiltrates of the lungs tending to coalescence and/or cavitation. ...
Chalkia Aikaterini K - - 2013
Pterygium is a potentially vision-threatening fibrovascular lesion originating from the conjunctiva that often extends on the corneal surface. Although it has been extensively studied, its pathogenesis has yet to be fully elucidated. Recent evidence on molecular genetic abnormalities in pterygium suggested neoplastic changes of limbal stem cells potentially associated with ...
Singhal Nilika Shah - - 2013
Trauma and infection have been postulated as "triggers" for hemorrhage from underlying brain vascular lesions (arteriovenous malformations, cavernous malformations, and aneurysms) in pediatric hemorrhagic stroke. We decided to perform an association study examining these environmental risk factors. In this case-control study nested within the cohort of 2.3 million children enrolled ...
Egberink Herman - - 2013
Overview: Papillomaviruses are epitheliotropic and cause cutaneous lesions in man and several animal species, including cats. Infection: Cats most likely become infected through lesions or abrasions of the skin. Species-specific viruses have been detected but human and bovine related sequences have also been found, suggesting cross-species transmission. Clinical signs: In ...
Lloret Albert - - 2013
Overview: Phaeohyphomycoses and hyalohyphomycoses are rare opportunistic infections acquired from the environment. More cases have been reported in recent years in humans and cats. Disease signs: Single or multiple nodules or ulcerated plaques (which may be pigmented) in the skin are the typical lesions. In some cases the infection disseminates ...
Tabrizi Reza - - 2013
Several pathologic lesions can be responsible for rapid swelling of the maxilla during infancy. Two of these uncommon lesions are melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy (MNTI) and myofibroma. Despite these lesions being benign, they can have a destructive behavior that needs a meticulous diagnosis and early intervention. Melanotic neuroectodermal tumor ...
Mohan Karthik Rajaram - - 2013
A dentigerous cyst is an odontogenic cyst associated with the crown of the impacted or unerupted teeth. Such cyst remain initially completely asymptomatic unless when infected and can be discovered only on routine radiographic examination. Here, such a case of dentigerous cyst, which was discovered on routine radiographic examination, is ...
Kapoor Charu - - 2013
Plethora of pathologic conditions may affect the normal morphologic characteristics and intactness of the oral mucosa, presenting as surface alterations.The prevalence of the different types of HPV worldwide has implications for the effectiveness of HPV vaccinations against HPV-induced carcinogenesis. This article discusses HPV related lesions with emphasis on verrucopapillary lesions.
Gochi Fumiaki - - 2013
We report here a mediastinal infectious complication after endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) that was successfully treated using intravenous antibiotic therapy. EBUS-TBNA was performed for a 59-year old man with mediastinal adenopathy 8 years after left pneumonectomy for squamous cell carcinoma of the lung. A single-needle pass produced an ...
Juan Pablo Cuello - - 2013
: Study Design: Case report.Objective: To report this rare Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV) complication in a multiple sclerosis patient.Summary of Background Data: Longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (LETM) is a spinal cord lesion that extends over 3 or more vertebral segments. A common feature in neuromyelitis optica, LETM can also occur ...
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