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Lin Chih-Kung CK Departments of *Pathology †General Surgery, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan, - - 2014
: To determine whether any markers in biopsy specimens were useful for distinguishing (1) fibroadenoma (FA) from benign phyllodes tumors (PTs); and (2) from benign borderline PTs of the breast. Specimens of 80 breast tumors (20 FA, 38 benign, 12 borderline, and 10 malignant PTs) diagnosed at Tri-Service General Hospital ...
Ma Buyun B Department of Ultrasound, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to review the high-frequency ultrasonography findings of primary thyroid non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (PT-NHL). Data of 39 patients treated for PT-NHL and 48 patients as controls were retrospectively reviewed. The mean age of patients, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, marked hypoechogenicity of the lesion, asymmetrical enlargement of the thyroid, ...
Lee Jessica - - 2014
The existence of a true residual radicular cyst has been called into question. When observed, it probably represents, with rare exceptions, a resolving radicular cyst--a "work in progress".
Manjila Sunil S Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Department of Neurological Surgery, Neurological - - 2014
Hypothalamic hamartomas (HHs) are rare developmental lesions arising from the inferior hypothalamus that may cause gelastic seizures and central precocious puberty. Cystic changes in HHs are rare, usually occurring in giant lesions. The authors describe an unusual case of cystic HH masquerading as a suprasellar arachnoid cyst in an 18-month-old ...
Gray D M DM Division of Gastroenterology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, - - 2014
Cameron lesions, as defined by erosions and ulcerations at the diaphragmatic hiatus, are found in the setting of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding in patients with a hiatus hernia (HH). The study aim was to determine the epidemiology and clinical manifestations of Cameron lesions. We performed a retrospective cohort study evaluating consecutive ...
Açıkgöz Gürol G Gürol AÇIKGÖZ, MD Assistant Professor of Dermatology Department of Dermatology, Gülhane School of Medicine Etlik, Ankara 06018,Turkey; - - 2014
Confluent and reticulated papillomatosis (CRP) is a rare dermatosis of unknown origin characterized by hyperpigmented, confluent papules (1). CRP was first described in 1927 by Gougerot and Carteaud as "papillomatose pigmentée innominée" (2). It has been described as a relatively rare dermatosis manifesting as persistent papules that are confluent in ...
Abdulcadir D D Diagnostic Senology Unit, AOU Careggi, Largo GA Brambilla 3, 50134 Florence, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Image-guided 14-gauge (G) core biopsy (CB) has been shown to be an accurate method providing histological diagnosis of breast lesions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability of image-guided 14-G CB in the diagnosis of phyllodes tumours (PT) reported as B3 category and its accuracy in distinguishing ...
Wang Jian J Department of Cardiology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Institute of Heart Lung and Vessel - - 2014
The majority of cardiovascular events in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary interventions (PPCI) arise from the progression of nonculprit lesions (NCL) during the long-term follow-up period. However, the clinical and angiographic factors related to the progression of nonculprit lesions are unknown.The purpose of the ...
Li Fan F Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Chinese PLA General Hospital Beijing, - - 2014
The characteristics of pathologically measured (PMS) and endoscopically measured sizes (EMS) of the colorectal polyps (CRPs) is poorly understood, particularly in polypoid unremarkable mucosa (PUM), sessile serrated adenoma (SSA), and high-grade dysplasia (HGD). To characterize the discordance and correlation between the PMS and EMS of CRPs including PUM, SSA, HGD, ...
Pachowicz Marcin M Chair and Department of Nuclear Medicine, Medical University of Lublin, Poland Chair and Department of Human Anatomy, Medical University of Lublin, Poland. - - 2014
Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) is a neurological disorder of unknown etiology which may lead to severe disability. Its diagnosis is very difficult and based on diagnostic criteria which have been changing over last years. Still, there is no golden standard in diagnosis of this entity. Three-phase bone scan is ...
Yeo Chang Dong CD Department of Internal Medicine, Uijeongbu St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Uijeongbu, - - 2013
Conventional biomarkers cannot always establish the cause of pleural effusions; thus, alternative tests permitting rapid and accurate diagnosis are required. The primary aim of this study is to assess the ability of pentraxin-3 (PTX3) in order to diagnose the cause of pleural effusion and compare its efficacy to that of ...
Matsuoka Katsunari - - 2013
Five months after the treatment for acute empyema, a 75-year-old woman was referred to our hospital because of marked elevation of the white blood cell (WBC) count and C-reactive protein (CRP) level, and a right pleural mass detected by chest computed tomography. At this time, the WBC count and CRP ...
Rafati Danny S - - 2013
A 16 year-old male presented with hematochezia. He had a history of a perianal abscess treated with antibiotics 2 years prior. He lost 15 pounds in the previous 3 months and had one month of daily epigastric pain and loose stools. On physical examination perianal skin tags and multiple nontender ...
Czaika Viktor A - - 2013
There have been few published reports on the human transmission of Trichophyton mentagrophytes, a zoophilic fungus frequently occurring in pets. Here we report on 2 girls, living with a pet dwarf rabbit, who presented with inflammatory skin lesions positive for T. mentagrophytes and subsequently diagnosed as zoophile tinea faciei and ...
Karim Rooshdiya Z - - 2013
Phyllodes tumours (PTs) of the breast are true biphasic neoplasms within which interactions between the epithelium and stroma are critical for tumour development and progression. Despite numerous studies reporting the results of ancillary marker investigations in PTs, the current histological grading systems remain unreliable at predicting clinical outcome even when ...
Nebiker Christian A - - 2013
A 34-year-old lady presented with a painful swelling of the left thyroid lobe since 1 week and elevated C reactive protein (CRP) above 100 mg/L. An ultrasound examination revealed a thyroid cyst with partly solid component, suitable with a haemorrhage into a cyst. The serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), as ...
Kamtchum Tatuene Joseph - - 2013
A 75-year-old woman with unremarkable medical history, consulted for a 5-month history of involuntary shaking of left upper limb. Clinical examination revealed polyminimyoclonus of the upper limbs with cogwheel-like rigidity, hyperreflexia, bradykinesia, inconstant spastic-like rigidity in the lower limbs and a stiff and cautious gait. These symptoms, together with the ...
Do Sung-Im - - 2012
TWIST1, Slug, Snail, SIP1, and NF-κB are overexpressed in various tumors and associated with metastasis and poor prognosis. In this study, we examined their potential roles in phyllodes tumor (PT). The expression of TWIST1, Snail, Slug, SIP1, and NF-κB in benign (n = 103), borderline (n = 38), and malignant (n = 38) PTs was examined ...
Anila K R - - 2012
A 68-year-old retired nurse, who was a known hypertensive on medication, presented with prolonged fever of 2-month duration without any clinical evidence of infection. On examination she had altered mental status. She also had other nonspecific complaints such as sleep disturbances, loss of weight, etc. On investigation, she was found ...
Kapadia Samir S Department of Medicine, Stony Book University School of Medicine, Stony Brook, NY 11794, United - - 2012
Cameron lesions represent linear gastric erosions and ulcers on the crests of mucosal folds in the distal neck of a hiatal hernia (HH). Such lesions may be found in upto 50% of endoscopies performed for another indication. Though typically asymptomatic, these may rarely present as acute, severe upper gastrointestinal bleed ...
Chon E E Department of Medical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, - - 2013
Canine malignant melanoma is a highly aggressive tumour associated with a poor overall survival rate due to both local disease recurrence and its highly metastatic nature. Similar to advanced melanoma in man, canine oral melanoma is poorly responsive to conventional anti-cancer therapies. The lack of sustainable disease control warrants investigation ...
Kobayashi Satoshi - - 2012
To analyze intranodular signal intensity pattern of hypovascular high-risk borderline lesions of HCC that illustrate multi-step hepatocarcinogenesis within the nodule on Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI. A total of 73 nodules showing hypervascular foci in hypovascular high-risk borderline lesions identified by angiography-assisted CT were included in this study. The intranodular signal intensities of ...
Steele Catriona M - - 2012
Aspiration (the entry of foreign contents into the upper airway) is a serious concern for individuals with dysphagia and can lead to pneumonia. However, overt signs of aspiration, such as cough, are not always present, making noninstrumental diagnosis challenging. Valid, reliable tools for detecting aspiration during clinical screening and assessment ...
Zhang Bing - - 2012
BackgroundIn recent years, breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been used to evaluate the morphology and functional markers of breast lesions, which might influence local staging and surgical planning.PurposeTo evaluate the feasibility of a one stop MRI protocol combined with diffusion-weighted imaging with background body signal suppression (DWIBS), T2*-weighted perfusion ...
Kobayashi Satoshi - - 2012
PURPOSE: To elucidate the incidence of signal intensity patterns of borderline lesions of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) on hepatobiliary phase Gd-EOB-DTPA (EOB) enhanced MRI and clarify the natural histories of these lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Total 99 borderline lesions of HCC were identified by angiography-assisted CT. The signal intensity of borderline ...
Schnoke Allison T - - 2012
Objective  To describe the clinical findings and prognosis for extraocular lymphoma in the horse. Procedures  Retrospective medical records study of horses diagnosed with third eyelid, corneoscleral, conjunctival, and/or eyelid lymphoma from multiple academic and private veterinary institutions. Data collected from the medical records included signalment, clinical descriptions of the extraocular ...
Saracco Ariel - - 2012
BackgroundContrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) has gained interest because of its ability to gather vascular information in diverse organs. There is still a subject of debate concerning its value in breast lesions, especially as a differential diagnostic tool.PurposeTo investigate whether kinetic parameters of CEUS can differentiate between malignant and benign breast lesions.Material ...
Restuccia David F - - 2012
Ovarian cysts affect women of all ages and decrease fertility. In particular, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), in which multiple follicular cysts develop, affects 5-10% of women of reproductive age and can result in infertility. Current non-invasive treatments for PCOS can resolve cysts and restore fertility, but unresponsive patients must undergo ...
Tan T - - 2012
A computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system for the classification of lesions as malignant or benign in automated 3D breast ultrasound (ABUS) images, is presented. Lesions are automatically segmented when a seed point is provided, using dynamic programming in combination with a spiral scanning technique. A novel aspect of ABUS imaging is ...
Nagata Naoyoshi - - 2012
Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is a rare endothelial neoplasm mainly involving the skin, but it is often associated with AIDS. Diagnosis of gastrointestinal (GI) tract KS, a common site of visceral involvement in AIDS, is important, but endoscopic biopsy carries a risk of false-negative results (FNRs) due to its submucosal appearance. ...
Sakamoto Naoharu - - 2012
A 67-year-old man started to show symptoms of dementia and developed convulsions accompanied by presyncope. Since an old cerebral infarction was found, he was given a diagnosis of symptomatic epilepsy, treated with antiepileptics. Dementia progressed rapidly, resulting in admission to a dementia ward. There were no physical abnormalities, and only ...
Ghanem M - - 2011
Pneumoparotitis is a rare cause of recurrent parotid swelling and its diagnosis can be challenging if the patient does not present with typical symptoms and is not in a risk group for parotitis. Several diagnostic techniques have been described in the literature including plain radiography, sialography and CT scanning. This ...
Heller Debra S - - 2011
ABSTRACT: Cysts of the vagina are occasionally received in pathology laboratories, often without clinical history as to location in the vagina. Cysts may be congenital or acquired. This article reviews the origin and histology of vaginal cysts.
Ciudad C - - 2011
The diagnosis of pigmented actinic keratosis can be complicated in clinical practice. The differential diagnosis with lentigo maligna melanoma can be difficult due to common clinical and dermoscopic characteristics. We present 5 cases of pigmented actinic keratosis in 4 patients. The most common dermoscopic finding was a grayish-brown granulation with ...
Janes Victoria A VA Department of Paediatrics, Meander Medical Centre, Postbus 1502, 3800 BM, Amersfoort, The Netherlands. - - 2012
A 2-year-old girl who presented with acute abdominal pain and spiking fever was diagnosed with an infected urachal cyst. Ultrasonography aided the diagnosis and the urachal remnant was removed successfully through a single laparoscopic procedure. Treatment is through removal of the complete structure, to prevent malignant degeneration in adulthood. Urachal ...
Ito Shoichi - - 2011
MRI is one of essential tools for neurological diagnosis and useful for assessing contrast differences between lesions and normal tissues and for assessing morphological features of lesions. Here, I introduce published neuroradiological researches conducted in my hospital, especially focusing on features of "signals" and "shapes" of lesions. First, as regards ...
Kreuter Alexander - - 2011
A 45-year-old man presented with a 1-year history of discomfort when sitting. Clinical examination of the gluteal cleft revealed a locally destructive, cauliflower-like, verrucous mass measuring 15 cm in diameter. There was no associated regional lymphadenopathy.
Boffano Paolo - - 2011
We describe a case of an orthokeratinised odontogenic cyst (OOC) in a 49-year-old man, which presented as a submucosal fluctuant, non-tender, soft nodule distal to the inferior right first molar that could be considered a peripheral counterpart of the intraosseous OOC.
Barbetakis Nikolaos - - 2011
Bronchogenic cysts are lesions of congenital origin derived from the primitive foregut. The usual presentation of bronchogenic cyst in the mediastinum is related to cyst infection or adjacent organs compression. A case of a bronchogenic esophageal cyst presenting with progressive dysphagia in a 46-year-old man is described. A video-assisted thoracoscopic ...
Linguraru Marius George - - 2011
To explore the added value of the shape of renal lesions for classifying renal neoplasms. To investigate the potential of computer-aided analysis of contrast-enhanced computed-tomography (CT) to quantify and classify renal lesions. A computer-aided clinical tool based on adaptive level sets was employed to analyze 125 renal lesions from contrast-enhanced ...
Safdar Khan Ali - - 2011
Although uncommon, Hurthle cell neoplasms have a characteristic histologic and cytologic features which often aid in the diagnosis of these lesions. In fine needle aspiration biopsies, determining malignant potential on cytologic features is challenging unless other evidence of malignancy (such as metastases) are known. The role of EUS-guided FNA in ...
Busse Paula J - - 2011
Conditions causing angioedema can be loosely classified as those with underlying C1-inhibitor deficiency or dysfunction and those that do not. Determining the root cause of symptoms and ruling out conditions that masquerade as angioedema help clinicians plan appropriate management. The various etiologies of angioedema have overlapping symptoms that can complicate ...
Wang Quan - - 2011
Primary adrenal lymphoma (PAL) accompanied by hypertension is extremely rare. We present a case of PAL with hypertension, whom was treated with bilateral adrenalectomy and a combination of the modified Appleby operation and chemotherapy. Computed tomography and biopsy is helpful to aid diagnosis.
Almond L Max LM Biophotonics Research Unit, Leaden House, Gloucestershire Royal Hospital, Great Western Road, Gloucester, Gloucestershire GL13NN, UK. - - 2011
There is a profound clinical need for a diagnostic tool that will enable clinicians to identify early neoplastic change in the oesophagus. Raman Spectroscopy (RS) has demonstrated the potential to provide non-invasive, rapid, objective diagnosis of endoscopically invisible precancerous oesophageal dysplasia in vitro. RS analyses biological material to identify highly ...
Fritchie Karen J - - 2011
Osteolipoma is a rare variant of lipoma consisting of mature adipose tissue and mature lamellar bone. The presence of non-fatty elements may lead to a wide differential diagnosis on radiology including benign and malignant lipomatous and nonlipomatous entities. The pathological diagnosis is also confounded by the presence of heterologous differentiation. ...
Acharya U R - - 2011
Ultrasound has great potential to aid in the differential diagnosis of malignant and benign thyroid lesions, but interpretative pitfalls exist and the accuracy is still poor. To overcome these difficulties, we developed and analyzed a range of knowledge representation techniques, which are a class of ThyroScan(tm) algorithms from Global Biomedical ...
Wu Xiaojun - - 2011
Our aim was to compare the usefulness of fatty acid synthase (FASn) with that of α-methylacyl coenzyme-A racemase (AMACR) in the diagnosis of prostatic adenocarcinoma. The expression of these 2 markers was compared in a tissue microarray containing 62 foci of benign glands and 36 foci of prostatic adenocarcinoma. Similar ...
Chung Yoo Seung - - 2011
For the atypical cases of fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytology of thyroid nodules, ultrasonographic findings are a primary guideline for the surgical treatment. However, they have the intrinsic risk of overtreatment, as well. In this study we examined whether the Bethesda system could provide a real effect on the diagnostic ...
Daya Sheraz M - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To report the aid of ocular coherence tomography (OCT) in diagnosing conjunctival lymphangiectasia and correlate clinical and pathological findings. METHODS:: Single interventional case report. A 64-year-old man presented with a 2-year history of ocular discomfort, tearing, and a gradually enlarging lesion on the conjunctiva of his left eye. RESULTS:: ...
Ganesh Anuradha - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe the entity of macular cysts in retinal dystrophy, differentiate it from cystoid macular edema (CME), and review the role of carbonic anhydrase inhibitors in management. RECENT FINDINGS: Macular cysts in retinal dystrophy are seen in retinopathies caused by mutations in the NR2E3 gene, juvenile X-linked ...
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