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Prieto Victor G - - 2011
Abstract Context.-Histologic analysis allows accurate classification of most melanocytic lesions as benign or malignant. Only in a minority of lesions is it necessary to use other techniques as an aid in the diagnosis. Among them, most authors recommend immunohistochemistry. Objective.-To describe how to apply immunohistochemistry to particular differential diagnoses and ...
Lassandro Francesco - - 2011
Abdominal wall hernias are common diseases of the abdomen with a global incidence approximately 4%-5%. They are distinguished in external, diaphragmatic and internal hernias on the basis of their localisation. Groin hernias are the most common with a prevalence of 75%, followed by femoral (15%) and umbilical (8%). There is ...
Boemo Rafael Luis - - 2011
Posterior glottic stenosis or interarytenoid fibrous adhesion is uncommon and has sometimes been misdiagnosed as cord paralysis. Laryngoscopy and laryngeal electromyography studies are the two main diagnostic aids. We present the case of a 63-year-old man under endotracheal intubation during 10 days after a cardiac procedure who was evaluated in ...
Dailey Virginia L - - 2011
Abstract Blue nevus is one of the melanotic lesions that can incidentally arise in the prostate gland. A literature review identified 28 previously reported cases, and although rare, the blue nevus appeared to be the commonest melanocytic lesion arising in the prostate. The differential diagnosis includes melanosis and malignant melanoma, ...
Boogaarts H - - 2011
Since the first reported endoscopic treatment of colloid cysts of the third ventricle by Powel et al. in 1983, several endoscopic techniques have been described . Therefore, the authors describe their technique of neuroendoscopic colloid cyst removal, developed during the last 16 years. With the aid of the specially designed, no-through ...
Criado Paulo Ricardo - - 2011
We report a clinical case in which contactless dermoscopy was used as an aid to the diagnosis of pediculosis and clinical evaluation of the effectiveness of treatment of this condition.
Campolmi P - - 2011
Intense pulsed light (IPL) treatment is one of the most effective procedures for patients with non-aesthetic vascular lesions in addition to signs of skin photoageing, and it has been reported as very successful in the treatment of telangiectasias, spider nevi, erythrosis, and above all, rosacea and poikiloderma. Its use is ...
Buchanich Jeanine M - - 2011
We attempted to examine non-malignant central nervous system (CNS) neoplasms incidence rates for workers at 8 jet engine manufacturing facilities in Connecticut. The objective of this manuscript is to describe difficulties encountered regarding these analyses to aid future studies. We traced the cohort for incident cases of CNS neoplasms in ...
Kuruvilla Supriya - - 2011
Bizarre Parosteal Osteochondromatous Proliferation (BPOP) is a benign tumor-like lesion that has recently been reported to have an association with a specific translocation t(1:17)(q32;q21)[1]. Like other reactive periosteal lesions, BPOP can be diagnostically challenging, with the ever-present possibility of a potentially devastating erroneous diagnosis of malignancy. These lesions are often ...
Ohori N Paul - - 2011
Objective: Of the 6 categories in the Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology (BSRTC), the atypia of undetermined significance/follicular lesion of undetermined significance (AUS/FLUS) category has received the most attention. The objectives of this study were to review the use of the AUS/FLUS category in recent studies, to search for ...
Jacobs Ian N - - 2011
Vascular anomalies are disorders of abnormal vasculogenesis or lymphogenesis. All types of vascular anomalies may involve the airway, causing varying degrees of upper airway obstruction as well as dysphagia and bleeding. Certain signs and symptoms may implicate airway involvement with a hemangioma or vascular malformation. It is necessary to distinguish ...
Boon Laurence M LM Division of Plastic Surgery, Center for Vascular Anomalies, Cliniques Universitaires St Luc, Brussels, - - 2011
Vascular anomalies are localized defects of vascular development. Most of them occur sporadically (ie, there is no familial history of lesions, yet in a few cases clear inheritance is observed). These inherited forms are often characterized by multifocal lesions that are mainly small in size and increase in number with ...
Blatt Julie - - 2010
Sirolimus (Rapamune), a mammalian target of Rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor, which has been used extensively in children following solid organ transplantation, has been demonstrated to have anti-angiogenic activity in pre-clinical models. Limited experience suggests that it may have application to the treatment of vascular lesions. We describe our experience with a ...
Grinberg Lea Tenenholz - - 2010
To date, there are no widely accepted neuropathological criteria for vascular dementia, although creating such a standard is ranked high on the wish list of all the researchers in this field. Such criteria would make it possible to perform large multicentre clinicopathological studies and, consequently, to better understand which, how, ...
Xu Xiu-Lian - - 2010
Microvenular hemangioma (MVH) is an uncommon benign vascular neoplasm that usually occurs as a solitary asymptomatic red or purple papule, nodule, or plaque with a predilection for the upper extremities. Patients with more than 1 lesion, that is, multiple MVHs, are extremely rare. We describe the clinicopathologic features of 4 ...
Pontes Hélder Antônio Rebelo - - 2011
Hamartoma is a proliferation of normal tissues that are considered endogenous to the site of occurrence. In the head and neck region, hamartomas composed of other tissues different from blood and lymphatic vessels (hemangiomas and lymphangiomas) are very uncommon. We report an unusual case of upper lip angiomyolipomatous hamartoma in ...
Jaganathan Sriram - - 2011
Vascular lesions of the scrotum are uncommon; the most common among them are varicocele lesions. The other vascular lesions that may involve the scrotum are hemangioma, lymphangioma, and arteriovenous malformations, which are exceedingly rare. The imaging modalities useful in the diagnosis and management of scrotal vascular lesions are grayscale sonography, ...
Ozgen Burce - - 2011
Giant cavernous malformations (GCM) are very large, low-flow vascular malformations, which usually have atypical imaging features and are commonly misdiagnosed preoperatively as neoplasms or vascular malformations. These lesions have mostly been reported in children. As cavernomas show different features in children compared to adults, we evaluated the imaging features of ...
Sirikulchayanonta Vorachai - - 2010
An epithelioid hemangioma involving three contiguous bones in continuity has, to the best of our knowledge, not been reported in the literature. A case of a 48-year-old man presented with radiating pain to the lower thoracic region for two years. A radiograph and CT scan revealed both permeative osteolytic and ...
McDonald David A DA Molecular Genetics and Microbiology Department, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, - - 2011
Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are vascular lesions of the central nervous system appearing as multicavernous, blood-filled capillaries, leading to headache, seizure and hemorrhagic stroke. CCM occurs either sporadically or as an autosomal dominant disorder caused by germline mutation of one of the three genes: CCM1/KRIT1, CCM2/MGC4607 and CCM3/PDCD10. Surgically resected ...
Kulungowski Ann M - - 2011
Like single-channel-type vascular malformations, combined lesions are categorized as slow-flow and fast-flow lesions. Many of the combined vascular malformations are associated with soft tissue and skeletal hypertrophy. This article discusses the diagnosis, management, and treatment of patients with capillary lymphaticovenous malformation, capillary-arteriovenous malformation, and capillary-arteriovenous fistulas and congenital lipomatous overgrowth, ...
Ryan Denita - - 2010
Cavernous malformations (CMs) are a subset of neurovascular malformations, which include arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), venous malformations, and capillary telangiectasias. CMs are referred to by many names, which may contribute to their being mistaken for malignant entities such as angiomas or hemangiomas. They are not, however, neoplastic; they are true vascular ...
Hassanein Aladdin H - - 2010
Many lesions can masquerade as deep infantile hemangioma, the most common tumor of infancy. We describe an infant with infantile hemangioma and concomitant metastatic subcutaneous neuroblastoma mimicking deep hemangioma. The patient presented at 8 months of age with 3 superficial infantile hemangiomas as well as 3 subcutaneous masses. History, physical ...
Hopf Nikolai J - - 2010
Intracranial vascular lesions are known to affect 2% to 4% of the population, predisposing those affected to a lifetime risk of hemorrhagic stroke, ischemia, focal neurologic deficits, or epileptic seizures. These lesions constitute a heterogeneous group, with different lesion types characterized by distinct biologic mechanisms of pathogenesis and progression. In ...
Wang Han Tao - - 2010
Diffuse cavernous hemangioma of the rectum (DCHR) is a rare benign vascular disease, which is often misdiagnosed and difficult to treat. Seventeen cases of DCHR in our hospitals from 1995 to 2009 were identified. The detailed data of diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis were carefully studied. Seven, three, two, and one ...
Fernandez-Flores Angel - - 2010
The promontory sign was described 27 years ago and it was claimed to be useful in the diagnosis of early stages of Kaposi sarcoma. However, it is not pathognomonic, because it has also been described in angiosarcoma and in benign vascular tumors. Some authors claim that some reactive vascular lesions ...
McHoney Merrill - - 2010
Vascular tumours (haemangiomas and malformations) are common tumours of infancy and childhood. They represent a group of mostly benign conditions, which present early, can grow rapidly and be symptomatic or disfiguring. There are various management options, with different cosmetic and functional outcomes. Haemangiomas and vascular malformations have different clinical courses ...
Malik Archana - - 2010
A 70-year-old Indian female presented with a lobulated, violet-colored mass in the left eye involving the medial bulbar conjunctiva and caruncle. It was smooth, vascular, compressible, and freely mobile. It was neither reducible nor pulsatile and did not cause any proptosis or dystopia. Any syndromic associations and orbital extension of ...
Oueis Hassan - - 2010
Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are rare vascular lesions that can be life-threatening due to potential massive hemorrhage. AVMs can be subdivided according to the type of vessel involved (capillary, venous, and arterial) and can be categorized, according to hemodynamic features, into high-flow and low-flow lesions. AVM of the jaws is an ...
Al Dhaybi Rola - - 2010
Pediatric hepatic angiosarcoma is a very rare malignant vascular tumor. A few cases have shown pediatric hepatic angiosarcoma occurring on a background of preexisting vascular lesions. We report the case of a newborn girl who presented extensive limbs and upper trunk cutaneous mixed vascular malformations at birth. These malformations were ...
Chan Micah R - - 2011
Once thought to be a minor player in hemodialysis (HD) access dysfunction relative to outflow stenosis, inflow stenosis has recently come to be viewed as a major cause of access failure. Indeed, recent literature has shown that up to 40% of all accesses referred for dysfunction have an inflow lesion. ...
Puttgen Katherine B - - 2010
Vascular anomalies most frequently present at birth or in early childhood, and the craniofacial region is the most common site of involvement. A long history of misleading nomenclature born of confusion about the presentation and natural history of various vascular anomalies has made appropriate diagnosis difficult. The present article emphasizes ...
Hong Bujung - - 2010
Osteolytic calvarial lesions are infrequent findings. Some cases are found incidentally during cancer staging or subsequent to unspecific symptoms. There are no standardized algorithms for the treatment of such lesions. Thus, the aim of this study was to describe the clinicopathological features and surgical outcome in various osteolytic calvarial lesions. ...
Neves Nuno - - 2010
Epithelioid hemagioendothelioma (EH) is a rare vascular tumor with an intermediate biological behavior between hemangioma and angiosarcoma. Vertebral location is even more rare, and because the number of reported cases of EH is small and the follow-up periods short, the best surgical treatment, the role of radiotherapy and chemotherapy, as ...
Smith Edward R - - 2010
Cavernous malformations (CMs) are vascular lesions found in the central nervous system (CNS) and throughout the body and have been called cavernomas, cavernous angiomas, and cavernous hemangiomas. This article discusses the epidemiology, natural history, diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of children who are found to harbor these lesions. CMs affect children ...
Astner Susanne - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) is a novel noninvasive imaging technique for in vivo evaluation of cutaneous lesions at near-histologic resolution. The applicability of RCM for various neoplastic and inflammatory skin diseases has been shown, but a descriptive evaluation of different vascular lesions has not yet been performed. OBJECTIVES: To ...
Tew Khimseng - - 2011
Bone hemangiomas are extremely rare in the ribs, with only a handful of cases reported in the literature. A case of a rib hemangioma is presented in which the pre-resection diagnosis was an aggressive chest wall tumor. The plain film, CT, MRI and bone scan features of the lesion were ...
Moreno-Egea Alfredo - - 2010
Totally extraperitoneal laparoscopic hernioplasty is a consolidated approach for treating recurrent and bilateral inguinal hernias. However, it may be associated, albeit very rarely, with vascular lesions that can endanger the patient's life. A proper anatomic knowledge of the posterior aspect of the inguinal region and a perfect command of the ...
Hong Soon-Kwon - - 2010
Ethanolamine oleate (EO) is used infrequently in dermatology, but is used to treat vascular lesions such as esophageal varices, varicose veins, and congenital vascular malformations. To evaluate the efficacy and safety of EO for treating reactive vascular lesions. Patients with reactive vascular lesions, such as pyogenic granulomas or venous lakes, ...
Onabolu O O - - 2010
AIM: To present the clinical features of arteriovenous malformations of the occipital lobe in order to assist in making a diagnosis prior to intracerebral haemorrhage. METHODS: A Sixty one year old Nigerian male patient complained of constant frontal headache for five years with associated gradual visual loss. Six months before ...
Hullar Timothy E - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Description of a new audiometric sign of a third-mobile window lesion. PATIENTS: Subject with known superior canal dehiscence. INTERVENTION(S): Diagnostic. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Results of impedance audiometry testing. RESULTS: Vascular pulsations seen on impedance audiometry on dehiscent side. CONCLUSION: Vascular pulsations seen on impedance audiometry may indicate a third-mobile ...
Chen Hui - - 2010
The medical history and clinical presentation associated with deep infantile hemangiomas (DIHs) and early venous malformations (EVMs) can be much confusing. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of 3D computed tomography angiography (3D-CTA) in differential diagnosis of DIHs and EVMs. A total of 18 infants with ...
Kuroki K - - 2010
An 8-year-old castrated male mixed-breed dog had an ill-defined hemorrhagic and painful lesion in the base of the claw of the second digit of the right forelimb. Radiographically, the expansile and lytic lesion affected the distal phalanx. The digit was amputated and submitted for histologic examination. Histologically, the distal phalanx ...
Olivieri Lara - - 2010
A 10-year old, female, cocker spaniel was presented with a bleeding lesion on the muzzle and nasal planum observed initially as a small raised nodule at 1 year of age. This became clinically more pronounced at 5 years of age, progressively enlarged thereafter and was diagnosed initially as a vascular ...
Kalhorn Stephen P - - 2010
Metameric lesions of the spine are rare. The authors present a case of patient with a complex metameric vascular lesion of the thoracic spine and describe a management strategy for this entity.
Lara-Corrales Irene - - 2010
We present a case of a 13-year-old girl with a congenital vascular lesion in her right ankle. Clinical and pathologic examinations led to the diagnosis of a verrucous hemangioma, a distinct, uncommon vascular lesion. The appearance of verrucous hemangiomas evolves with time and may represent a diagnostic challenge. We present ...
Toledo-Alberola Fernando - - 2010
Infantile hemangiomas (IH) are the most commonly found benign neoplasia in childhood. Up to a third of IH may be present at birth and develop in 3 clearly defined stages. In their endothelial cells, IH express an erythocyte type glucose transport protein (GLUT-1), highly specific to this type of lesion, ...
Gutiérrez-González Raquel - - 2010
Extra-axial cavernous haem angiomas are uncommon lesions histologically identical to cavernomas in other locations. However, their radiological features and clinical behaviour may differ. They are frequently misdiagnosed preoperatively, as they often mimic other tumours. We describe a patient suffering from loss of the sense of smell, due to a cavernous ...
Nagib Patrícia R A - - 2010
Paracoccidioidomycosis is the most prevalent human mycosis in Latin America. Cutaneous lesions are extremely painful and sensitive, and current treatment with antifungal drugs is lengthy and may cause side effects to patients. In this perspective, the helium-neon (HeNe) laser emerges as a novel therapy form due to its ability to ...
Moon Hee Jung - - 2010
To retrospectively evaluate the diagnostic performance of power Doppler ultrasonography (US) in depicting vascularity and to determine whether the combination of vascularity and suspicious gray-scale US features is more useful in predicting thyroid malignancy than are gray-scale features alone. This was an institutional review board-approved retrospective study, with waiver of ...
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