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Sampaio Felipe Maurício Soeiro FM Hospital Federal de Bonsucesso, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, - - 2014
We report the case of an 11-year-old male patient with a histopathological and immunohistochemical diagnosis of dermatofibroma with an atypical clinical presentation on the right forearm. Although dermatofibroma is considered a benign skin tumor, some of its differential diagnoses, such as dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans and malignant fibrous histiocytoma, are truly aggressive. ...
Torrelo Antonio A Department of Dermatology, Hospital del Niño Jesús, Madrid, - - 2014
Prurigo pigmentosa (PP) is an inflammatory skin disease of unknown origin. The skin lesions in PP are symmetrically distributed on the back, chest, and neck. Pruritus is a prominent feature in many cases. We report on a 13-year-old girl with lesions typical of PP in a segmental arrangement on her ...
Yang Tae-Ho TH From the Department of Neurology (T.-H.Y., S.-Y.O., B.-S.S., S.-K.J.), Chonbuk National University College of Medicine, Jeonju; Research Institute of Clinical Medicine (S.-Y.O., B.-S.S., S.-K.J.), Chonbuk National University, Biomedical Research Institute of Chonbuk National University Hospital, Jeonju; and Department of Biomedical Engineering (K.K., J.-M.L.), Hanyang University, Seoul, South - - 2014
We aimed to determine the topology of anatomical pathways for verticality perception in the brainstem. We measured the subjective visual vertical (SVV) in 82 patients with acute unilateral infarction of the brainstem alone. The topology of the brainstem lesions responsible for pathologic SVV tilt were determined using MRI-based voxel-wise lesion-behavior ...
Lee Doo-Ho DH Department of Surgery, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seongnam, - - 2014
Laparoscopy is considered the treatment of choice for hepatic cysts, especially those located in anterolateral segments (AL; segments II, III, IVb, V, and VI) because of the ease of laparoscopic access. Here, we evaluated the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic treatment of hepatic cysts in posterosuperior segments (PS; segments I, ...
Villegas Victor M - - 2014
Torpedo maculopathy is a congenital solitary, oval-shaped lesion typically located temporal to the center of the macula. Congenital hypertrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), RPE lesions of Gardner syndrome, and other lesions can present with similar characteristics. Because of its unique clinical and imaging features, torpedo maculopathy generally can ...
Govind Binu B Department of Neonatology, Christian Medical College, Vellore , Tamil Nadu, India. Correspondence to: Dr Niranjan Thomas, Professor, Department of Neonatology, Christian Medical College Hospital, Vellore 632 004, Tamilnadu, India. - - 2014
Percutaneous central line insertion is a common procedure in the neonatal intensive care unit. A preterm baby, who had a percutaneous central line inserted developed an erythematous swelling over the infraclavicular area. A diagnosis of abscess was made, and an incision and drainage done that revealed a white fluid with ...
Kurimoto Noriaki N Departments of *Chest Surgery §Radiology †Internal Medicine, Division of Respiratory and Infectious Disease, St Marianna University, School of Medicine, Kanagawa ‡Department of Surgery, Iwakuni Minami Hospital, Iwakuni, - - 2014
Endobronchial ultrasonography-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is a standard procedure for approaching the lesion adjacent to extrapulmonary bronchus. We started to use wedge insertion of a convex endobronchial ultrasound bronchoscope into bronchi narrower than the diameter of the bronchoscope itself to perform EBUS-TBNA. Our objective was to investigate the bronchus ...
Sharma Bhawna B Department of Neurology, S M S Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, - - 2014
We report a case of a 23-year-old woman with a history of generalised tonic-clonic seizures, reddish brown maculopapular swelling over the face and an enlarging swelling over the scalp. Physical examinations revealed angiofibroma of the face and other typical cutaneous lesions of tuberous sclerosis, for example, shagreen patch and periungual ...
Monteagudo Benigno B Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de - - 2014
Lichen planus pigmentosus is an uncommon variant of lichen planus that is characterized by the insidious onset of dark brown macules in sun-exposed areas and flexural folds. Superimposed linear lichen planus is an exceedingly rare disorder, but it has been found in both lichen planopilaris and lichen planus types. A ...
Dogruk Kacar Seval - - 2013
Tumoral melanosis (TM) is a histologic term used to indicate a nodular accumulation of melanophages in the dermis clinically presenting as a pigmented lesion. It is usually associated with regression of melanoma and nonmelanoma melanocytic pigmented lesions. We present the case of a 16-year-old girl with a suspicious pigmented macule ...
Attili Venkat Ratnam VR Visakha Institute of Skin and Allergy, Marripalem, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2013
Segmental vitiligo (SV) and generalized vitiligo (GV) are perceived to evolve by different mechanisms, the former with unspecified neural mechanisms and the latter by melanocyte specific autoimmune mechanisms. However, the two diverse mechanisms are difficult to reconcile in cases of "mixed vitiligo". To test the possibility of a common pathogenesis, ...
van Geel N - - 2013
Segmental vitiligo is characterized by a unilateral and localized distribution. So far, a classification for segmental vitiligo on the face has been proposed, while this is still missing for lesions on the trunk. To design a classification for segmental vitiligo lesions on the trunk by evaluating their distribution pattern. In ...
Yousef Abdullah A AA Department of Pediatrics, King Fahd Hospital of the University, University of Dammam, Saudi - - 2013
Bronchial atresia (BA) is characterized by a mucus-filled bronchocele in a blind-ending segmental or lobar bronchus with hyperinflation of the obstructed segment of the lung. We describe a neonate who presented on his 9(th) day of life with respiratory distress. Chest computed tomography showed a soft tissue density involving the ...
Lodh Moushumi - - 2013
The diagnostic criteria for cystic fibrosis require the presence of 1 or more typical clinical features, a family history of cystic fibrosis, or a positive newborn screening test, plus laboratory evidence of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator dysfunction. However the present case was an adopted baby with persistent pneumonia ...
Yang Yang - - 2013
A 65-year old female with no history of smoking reported experiencing 6 months of tightness in the chest. Chest computed tomography showed two pulmonary nodules in the left upper lobe (one in S3 segment, the other in S4 segment), one nodule in the left lower lobe and a ground-glass opacity ...
Chen Liwu G - - 2013
To present a case series of peripheral pigmented placoid corneal endotheliopathy (PPPCE). A retrospective chart review of patient demographics, medical histories, and clinical characteristics was performed. Examinations included the following specialized imaging modalities: slit-lamp photography, gonioscopy, high-frequency ultrasound biomicroscopy, and anterior segment ocular coherence tomography. A PubMed and multiple corneal ...
Kozu Yoshiki - - 2013
Mixed squamous cell and glandular papilloma (mixed papilloma) of the lung is exceedingly rare, with only 18 cases reported in the literature. Herein, we report a case of mixed papilloma and its associated immunohistochemical and positron emission tomographic (PET) findings. A 60-year-old Japanese male with a smoking history of 40 ...
Hofmann-Wellenhof Rainer - - 2013
The anatomic region influences the dermoscopic features of different lesions. In this article, the particular characteristics of the scalp, mucosal membranes, and lesions located on the milk line are explained. In histopathology, the benign melanocytic lesions in these locations are also named nevi of special sites, considering the difficulty of ...
Sugino Keishi - - 2013
This study presents an extremely rare case of constrictive bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) associated with Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS) provides the morphological and immunohistochemical features using histopathological bronchial reconstruction technique. A 27-year-old female developed progressive dyspnea after SJS induced by taking amoxicillin at the age of 10. Finally, she died of exacerbation ...
Maldjian J A - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:WM lesion segmentation is often performed with the use of subjective rating scales because manual methods are laborious and tedious; however, automated methods are now available. We compared the performance of total lesion volume grading computed by use of an automated WM lesion segmentation algorithm with that of ...
Cho Nam Jun - - 2013
Capillary hemangioma of the tracheobronchial tree is an extremely rare benign tumor in adults, especially those located in the bronchus. Characteristics and treatment of capillary hemangiomas of adult tracheobronchial trees have not been well known. We present a 61-year-old man with hemoptysis, which was caused by a small tiny nodule ...
Okui Masayuki - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Primary lung cancer is extremely rare in children, while secondary malignancies reportedly develop in 2% to 3% of pediatric osteosarcoma survivors. CASE PRESENTATION: A 14-year-old girl was found to have two pulmonary lesions on computed tomography. These tumors had developed 1 year after osteosarcoma surgery. Segmentectomy of right segment ...
Gupta Vishali - - 2013
Ancillary investigations are the backbone of uveitis work-up both for anterior and posterior segment diseases. They help in making the diagnosis, ruling out certain differential diagnosis and monitoring inflammation during the follow-up. This review aims to be an overview describing the role of commonly used investigations for uveitis.
Whittaker S - - 2013
We compared nerve blockade with and without the Infiniti(TM) needle guide in an ultrasound in-plane porcine simulation. We recruited 30 anaesthetists with varying blockade experience. Using the guide, the needle tip was more visible (for a median (IQR [range]) of 67 (56-100]) % of the time; and invisible for 2 ...
Kang Sung-Hee - - 2013
Segmental zoster paresis is a rare complication of herpes zoster, characterized by focal motor weakness that does not always present simultaneously with skin lesions. Zoster paresis can be easily confused with other neuromuscular or spinal diseases. This case report describes the case of a 72-year-old woman with herpes zoster and ...
Zhang Ru-Zhi - - 2013
We describe a 22-year-old male with a pigmentary disorder that first appeared when he was 5 years of age. Examination revealed that these lesions were distributed in a segmental pattern on the left side of his trunk. Five shades of colors - white, tan, medium brown, dark brown, and black ...
Bhattacharya Anish - - 2013
Enteric duplication cysts (EDC) are uncommon congenital anomalies that may occur anywhere along the digestive tract. Ectopic gastric mucosa (EGM), another rare condition, is usually present as short segments in the small intestine and may be associated with EDC. Abdominal scintigraphy with 99mTc pertechnetate may be useful in the diagnosis, ...
Cassani Lisa L Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-5280, - - 2013
Accurate endoscopic detection and staging are critical for appropriate management of Barrett's esophagus (BE)-associated neoplasia. Prior investigation has demonstrated that the distribution of endoscopically detectable early neoplasia is not uniform but instead favors specific directional distributions within a short BE segment; however, it is unknown whether the directional distribution of ...
Lin E E Division of Interventional Neuroradiology, Baptist Cardiac and Vascular Institute and Baptist Neuroscience Center, Miami, FL, - - 2013
We describe an extremely rare case of unilateral rete mirabile in a young woman and discuss its significance in embryological development as well as its radiological aspects, differential diagnosis and potential clinical implications.
Pujar Vijay C - - 2013
Duplication cysts are congenital cystic malformation of the alimentary tract consisting of a duplication of the segment to which it is adjacent. It can occur anywhere from mouth to anus. Oesophageal duplication cysts comprise 4% of the same. Of these, total intra-abdominal oesophageal duplication cysts are extremely rare. On review ...
Benson Stephanie Michelle - - 2013
A 21-year-old woman presented to the hospital with 3 days of headache, fever, mood disturbance and nausea. She had recently emigrated from India, and was noted to have a positive screening purified protein derivative  tuberculosis  skin test with normal chest x-ray. Meningeal signs were noted prompting lumbar puncture and initiation ...
Guzmán Liliana - - 2013
Chylous jejunal cysts are extremely rare entities and if not diagnosed promptly may lead to severe complications like bowel obstruction, loss of small bowel and even death. We present the case of a 4 year-old-male referred to our institution with severe abdominal pain, constipation, abdominal distention and radiological findings of ...
Prabhu Shailesh M - - 2013
Chest tube insertion in congenital cystic lung lesions is an important problem in children with acute respiratory distress having a cystic lucent lesion on chest radiograph. To evaluate the imaging findings and complications in cases of congenital cystic lung lesions with chest tube insertion and suggest the role of appropriate ...
Bakare Babatola B Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ondo State Specialist Hospital, Ondo State, - - 2013
Torsion of ovarian cyst is a common cause of acute abdomen especially in women of reproductive age-group. It commonly presents with colicky abdominal pain associated with nausea and vomiting. It could however mimic acute intestinal obstruction. The patient was a 32-year-old multipara with no previous history of pelvic or abdominal ...
Shimada Yutaka Y Department of Surgery and Science, Graduate School of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences for Research, University of Toyama, Sugitani 2630, Toyama, Japan Department of Nanobaio Drug Discovery, Graduate school of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyoto University. Yoshida Shimoadachi-cho, 46-29, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, - - 2013
Although Barrett's esophagus may occur without gastric acid, Barrett's adenocarcinoma after total gastrectomy is rare. Here, we present Barrett's adenocarcinoma in long-segment Barrett's esophagus after total gastrectomy. The patient was a 74-year-old male who underwent total gastrectomy 44 years ago. An endoscopic examination revealed long-segment Barrett's esophagus starting 17 cm ...
Atalay Atakan - - 2012
A 48 year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of coughing with dispnoea and chest pain. On physical examination marked respiratory difficulty, with a respiratory rate of 25 breaths per minute, and his jugular veins were mildly distended. Transthoracic echocardiography showed a cystic mass located in the diaphragmatic surface ...
Jones Robert P RP School of Cancer Studies, Institute of Translational Medicine, University of Liverpool, UK. - - 2013
Irinotecan-loaded drug-eluting beads represent a novel drug delivery method that allows for the locoregional delivery of irinotecan to colorectal liver metastases (CRLM). The method has shown impressive response rates. However, the pathological response to this treatment has not previously been demonstrated. Patients with easily resectable CRLM were treated with drug-eluting ...
Kantarci Fatih - - 2012
Segmental testicular infarction (STI) is a rare cause of acute scrotum. The spectrum of findings on gray-scale and color Doppler ultrasonography differ depending on the time between the onset of testicular pain and the ultrasonography examination. We are not aware of the usefulness of shear-wave elastography for the diagnosis of ...
Happe Svenja - - 2012
Unilateral facial weakness is common. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) allows identification of a conduction failure at the level of the canalicular portion of the facial nerve and may help to confirm the diagnosis. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 216 patients with the diagnosis of peripheral facial palsy. The electrophysiological investigations included ...
Charalambous G - - 2012
Jejunojejunal intussusception and jejunojejunal lipomas are both very rare clinical entities. The present case report describes this event in an adult patient with severe episodes of hematochezia and colicky upper abdominal pain. The diagnosis was not made preoperatively, as none of the endoscopic findings were pathognomonic and, furthermore, CT scans ...
Abdolrasouli Alireza - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Four cases of penile amoebiasis (PA) presenting as genital ulceration seen among men who practiced unprotected insertive anal intercourse in Tehran are described. METHODS: PA was confirmed by observation of motile trophozoites of Entamoeba histolytica from lesions examined by wet mount microscopy. RESULTS: Ulcers were solitary, painful, irregular, discharging ...
Kim Hee-Jung - - 2012
Radiolabeled benzamides have been reported to be attractive agents for targeting malignant melanoma as they bind melanin and display high accumulation in melanoma cells. Herein, we report the synthesis and bioevaluation of a novel (68)Ga-labeled benzamide as a potential PET agent for malignant melanoma. The novel radiotracer was synthesized in ...
Mubarak Muhammed M Histopathology Department, Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation, Karachi, - - 2012
Collapsing focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (cFSGS), also known as collapsing glomerulopathy (CG) is of considerable interest for a variety of reasons. Its incidence is on the rise, and in many parts of the world, it has emerged as one of the leading causes of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). There is currently ...
Yamamoto Toshiyuki - - 2011
Adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) is a systemic inflammatory condition, characterized by a high spiking fever, leukocytosis with neutrophilia, arthralgia, and skin rash. Typical skin rash is an evanescent, salmon-pink erythema predominantly involving extremities, which is included as one of the diagnostic criteria; however, recent findings show that not only typical ...
Sharif Akbar - - 2011
Hydatid cyst is a common clinical challenge in endemic areas. Atypical clinical presentation and radiologic findings may occasionally lead to misdiagnosis. We report the case of a 22-year-old woman who presented with chief complaints of cough and hemoptysis of 2 months' duration. Bronchoscopic examination revealed a smooth, necrotic-looking endobronchial lesion, ...
Kim Kyoung-Oh KO Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Hallym University Medical Center, Seoul 150-030, South - - 2011
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is a widely accepted treatment for early gastric cancer (EGC), especially in Korea and Japan. The criteria for the therapeutic use of ESD for EGC have been expanded recently. However, attention should be drawn to the technical feasibility of the ESD treatment which depends on a ...
Guglielmi Camila de Almeida B - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to assess photodynamic antimicrobial chemotherapy (PACT) via irradiation, using a low power laser associated with a photosensitization dye, as an alternative to remove cariogenic microorganisms by drilling. Remaining dentinal samples in deep carious lesions on permanent molars (n = 26) were treated with 0.01% ...
Kobayashi Takeshi - - 2011
PURPOSE: To investigate the relative efficacy of Japanese commercial soft contact lens disinfectant solutions against Acanthamoeba trophozoites and cysts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight types of multipurpose solution (MPS), two types of hydrogen peroxide solution, and one povidone-iodine solution were evaluated to determine their effect against Acanthamoeba trophozoites and cysts (ATCC ...
Lin Jenny - - 2011
Fibrocartilaginous mesenchymoma is a rare osseous tumor that primarily arises in the long bones of children and adolescents. This lesion can grow quickly and reach a considerable size, despite its benign nature. It has proved challenging to diagnose and can be mistaken for a spectrum of benign and malignant bone ...
Song I-H - - 2011
To investigate the relationship between active inflammatory lesions on whole-body MRI (wb-MRI) and new development of chronic lesions on T1 MRI in patients with early axial spondyloarthritis (SpA) treated either with etanercept (ETA) or sulfasalazine (SSZ). Wb-MRIs of 65 patients treated either with ETA (n=35) or SSZ (n=30) over 1 ...
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