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von Euler Henrik - - 2008
Cutaneous canine melanomas are usually benign in contrast to human malignant melanoma. However, the canine oropharyngeal, uveal, and mucocutaneous neoplasms are aggressive and have metastatic potential. Surgery and to a lesser extent radiotherapy and chemotherapy are widely adopted treatments but are seldom curative in advanced stages. The similarities between human ...
Kroiss Regina - - 2008
PURPOSE: BRCA1 mutation carriers are at high risk for breast cancer (BC). The risk management strategy may include radiological investigations for early detection or prophylactic mastectomy (PM). For a mutation carrier, PM may be more significant than surveillance alone when pre-malignant and malignant changes occur increasingly in mastectomy specimens, given ...
Gerganov Venelin M - - 2008
Although intracranial metastases of malignant melanomas are common, localization at the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) or in the internal auditory canal (IAC) is rare, and bilateral presentation especially so. We present the case of a 46-year-old Caucasian woman with bilateral IAC/CPA lesions and a prior history of malignant melanoma on the ...
Siedek Vanessa - - 2009
The Leser-Trelat sign is defined as the association of multiple, eruptive seborrheic keratoses with an internal malignancy of a usually advanced stage. We report the case of malignant melanoma in an 82-year-old man covered with hundreds of greyish-dark seborrheic keratoses resembling a Christmas tree pattern, who was diagnosed with metastasized ...
Zamanian Abbas - - 2008
Pilomatricoma (calcifying epithelioma of Malherb) is a tumor of hair follicle matrix cells and is almost always benign. In this study we reviewed the clinical and histopathological features of 45 cases of pilomatricoma during 13 years (1992-2005). Although few malignant transformations have been reported in other studies, no evidence of ...
Harwood Michael - - 2008
Nail dyschromia, including melanonychia and erythronychia, encompasses a wide range of possible diagnoses. While the majority of these lesions are benign, malignancies of the nail unit represent a sinister, and potentially life-threatening, cause of nail dyschromia. Unfamiliarity with tumors of the nail apparatus can lead to a delay in diagnosis. ...
Yu Q - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Differential diagnosis between malignant tumors and chronic infections in the masticator space remains challenging. The purpose of the study was to categorize various changes of both lesions by using single-voxel 1H-MR spectroscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four masticator space lesions, 7 chronic infections, and 17 malignant tumors were ...
Mevorah Baruch - - 2008
We describe the first case of unilateral spiny hyperkeratosis (SH) of the left hand, review the literature and discuss possible patho- mechanisms. SH can be sporadic or familial, often appearing in healthy individuals. However, there is an association with various malignancies in a significant number of the sporadic cases. Although ...
Ryan Matthew W - - 2008
We present a case of a large maxillary sinus tumor in a 6-year-old boy, immunohistologically indistinguishable from a malignant melanoma, that led to the diagnosis of Carney complex. The Carney complex is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by mucocutaneous pigmented lesions and neoplasia of multiple endocrine glands and is usually ...
Swygert Kathryn E - - 2007
Epidermal inclusion (infundibular) cysts are common tumors encountered in the practice of dermatology and dermatopathology. Although benign, numerous pathological processes, including benign and malignant tumors, inflammatory dermatoses, and certain infectious entities, have been reported to occur within the epithelial lining of infundibular cysts. We report a rare case of malignant ...
Zivanović Dubravka - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Atypical forms of pyoderma gangrenosum generally appear on the upper extremities; most frequently they are associated with myeloproliferative disorders, including osteomyelofibrosis. A response to systemic steroids is more pronounced than in classical form. Sometimes it may be the first sign of an underlying malignancy. CASE REPORT: We reported a ...
Banerjee S S - - 2008
The aim of this review was to document and discuss diagnostic problems associated with divergent differentiation ('metaplastic change') in malignant melanomas, defined as the development in these tumours of morphologically, immunohistochemically and/or ultrastructurally recognizable non-melanocytic cell or tissue components. Types of divergent differentiation reported in malignant melanoma include: fibroblastic/myofibroblastic, Schwannian ...
Gregoriou Stamatis - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) is a rare multisystem disorder that typically affects hair, teeth, nails, and sweat glands in combination with abnormalities of ectodermal originated tissues. OBJECTIVE: To raise the issue of whether heightened awareness is required in the follow-up of pigmented lesions in patients with HED. METHODS/RESULTS: Two ...
Satyaprakash Anita K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Proliferating trichilemmal tumors (PTTs) are uncommon lesions whose histologic hallmark is the presence of trichilemmal keratinization. PTT is thought to originate from the trichilemmal cyst (TC) and have the potential for malignant transformation, at which point it is termed a malignant proliferating trichilemmal tumor (MPTT). These lesions may cause ...
Kung Brian - - 2007
Malignant melanoma of the nose and paranasal sinuses can be a devastating disease, typically presenting at an advanced stage, with a 5-year survival rate ranging between 20 and 30%. It is an uncommon process, often misdiagnosed both clinically and pathologically. We present the case of an 80-year-old man who had ...
Denlinger Chadrick E - - 2007
Neurocristic hamartomas (NCH) are rare pigmented skin lesions based in the deep subcutaneous tissues that may be either congenital or acquired. The clinical importance of these lesions is the potential for misdiagnosis and the development of malignant melanomas over a poorly described time course. Histological pleomorphism precludes meaningful random biopsies ...
Kluger Nicolas - - 2007
Hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia is a rare autosomal-dominant vascular dysplasia characterized by telangiectasia, recurrent epistaxis, visceral arteriovenous manifestations and inheritance. Several reports have pointed out that hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia could be associated with various neoplasm development. Malignant melanoma has occasionally been reported. We herein describe two cases of fatal malignant melanoma ...
Blüher Susann - - 2008
Meningeal tumors are extremely rare in children and are diagnostically as well as therapeutically challenging. Among the least common types of malignancies in childhood is malignant melanoma, counting for less than 1% of pediatric tumors. Due to the rarity and the wide spectrum of appearance, initial clinical features may be ...
Vincent Brad D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to characterize the appearance of normal, dysplastic, and frankly malignant airway lesion appearance under narrow-band imaging (NBI), and to determine if NBI, when used in conjunction with white light (WL) bronchoscopy, could improve detection of dysplasia and malignancy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was ...
Wang Fulin - - 2007
Meningeal melanocytomas are rare tumors and malignant transformation of these lesions is even rarer. The authors report on a case of a 57-year-old man who presented with a melanocytoma located at the L5-S1 level. After gross-total resection of the tumor, it recurred 1 year later as a malignant melanoma. In ...
Charles Norman C - - 2007
A nodular, epibulbar mass appearing in an adult woman without antecedent inflammation or injury prompted concern for possible malignancy. Excision was performed, and pathologic examination demonstrated a conjunctival fibroma. The rarity of the fibroma and its clinical similarity to other benign or malignant tumors render its clinical diagnosis elusive.
Jacobsen Björn - - 2007
This is the first description of malignant catarrhal fever-like lesions associated with ovine herpesvirus-2 (OvHV-2) infection in goats with central nervous symptoms. The diagnosis was based on typical histological lesions characterized by systemic lymphohistiocytic and fibrinoid vasculitis and confirmed by polymerase chain reaction and subsequent phylogenetic analysis of the detected ...
Loder Randall T - - 2007
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. OBJECTIVE: To determine if rib anomalies are present in pediatric malignancies in the United States. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Scoliosis surgeons view radiographs of the entire spine, counting the number of ribs. A European study noted that rib anomalies were more common in certain malignancies. We ...
Nyquist Gurston G GG Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA, - - 2007
We report on two young adults with KID syndrome and follicular hyperkeratosis, hidradenitis suppurativa of the groin, progressive development of proliferative pilar cysts and dissecting cellulitis of the scalp, who developed metastatic malignant pilar tumors. Based on our findings, we believe that cancer surveillance in patients with KID syndrome should ...
Nakamoto Takahisa - - 2007
The case is reported of amelanotic malignant melanoma of the female urethra mimicking urethral caruncle. A 75-year-old woman complained of a mass of the external meatus. Urethral carunclectomy was performed, but histological diagnosis was amelanotic malignant melanoma. Finally, she underwent en block resection of urethra including bladder neck, uterus, adnexa, ...
Fries A - - 2007
Subungual malignant melanoma is a rare form of malignancy that can present at an advanced stage. We describe a case that was diagnosed after a presentation to the emergency department for a traumatic injury of the affected area. Initial presentations of malignant disease and its complications form a relatively low ...
Nam Ji Hyung JH Department of Internal Medicine, Dongguk University College of Medicine, Gyeongju, - - 2006
Malignant melanoma of the lacrimal sac is very rare and primary malignant melanoma is extremely rare. It is usually diagnosed at an advanced stage after excision or biopsy of a tumor. We treated a patient with tearing and bloody discharge from the left eye. We performed a dacryocystectomy with the ...
Hicks Daniel G - - 2006
A 10-year-old, female Newfoundland-cross dog was presented for evaluation of chronic intermittent unilateral epistaxis, nasal stertor, and sneezing. Nasal magnetic resonance imaging revealed a 3 x 5-cm mass in the left nasal cavity. Histopathological evaluation of nasal biopsies determined that the mass was a malignant melanoma. The mass was surgically ...
Wan Wei-Hwang - - 2006
Phaeochromocytoma is a rare condition that provides a diagnostic challenge as a result of its variable presentation. Treatment of metastatic malignant phaeochromocytoma is also not well defined owing to its rarity. We present four such cases and a review of the literature. The database of the Singapore Cancer Registry was ...
Radha S, Afroz T, ...
Malignant melanoma shows an unusual predilection to metastasize to small intestine. A patient with metastatic spread of malignant melanoma to small intestine is reported. This patient was operated for intestinal obstruction. Metastatic melanoma should be suspected in patients with malignant melanoma who develop gastrointestinal symptoms.
Kaeser Pierre-François - - 2006
PURPOSE: To determine the types and incidence of caruncular lesions and to investigate the correlation between clinical and histologic diagnosis. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational case series. METHODS: Records of patients with a lesion of the caruncle that was excised and submitted to our ocular pathology department between January 1979 and May ...
Sawabata N - - 2006
BACKGROUND: During stapled excision of lung cancer tissue, malignant cells can spread in the surgical margin. Stapling methods can be classified as aggressive clumping (AC) and less traumatic jaw closing (LTJC) types, thus the ratio of malignant margins may differ between stapler types. METHODS: The malignant status of the stapled ...
Mehlman Myron A - - 2006
Malignant melanoma has been thought to be related mainly to exposure to the sun or radiation. A review of the scientific literature reveals many significant correlations between benzene and benzene-containing solvents in the workplace and the occurrence of malignant melanoma, particularly in sites that have never been exposed to sunlight. ...
Queiroz Almeida M - - 2006
Diagnostic strategies, malignancy predictors and long-term survival were retrospectively evaluated in patients with hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia (64 insulinomas). Lower median glycemia was 30 (range 20-53) mg/dl [1.6 (1.1-2.9) mmol/l] with concurrent insulin of 48 (13.2-217) microU/ml and 15 (2-46) microU/ml measured by radioimmunoassay (RIA) and immunofluorimetric assay (IFMA), respectively. All patients ...
Liozon Eric - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of occurrence of malignancy concurrently with temporal arteritis (TA), as well as features and outcome of the vasculitis in such cases. METHODS: In a series of 271 consecutive patients with TA (219 biopsy-proven), we retrospectively analyzed the frequency and type of malignancy concurrent with vasculitis ...
Daneshpazhooh Maryam - - 2006
The appearance of vitiligo-like lesions in patients with malignant melanoma is a well-known yet uncommon phenomenon. This finding is especially reported in patients undergoing immunotherapy with or without chemotherapy for malignant melanoma and is generally believed to be associated with a better prognosis. We report a case of preexisting vitiligo ...
Paradisi Andrea - - 2006
Tattooing is a fairly widespread practice worldwide, despite the trauma it entails and the potentially toxic pigments it employs. Several benign and malignant lesions have been described in relation to tattoos, including verrucae, granulomas, basal cell and squamous cell carcinoma. Overall, only 10 cases of malignant melanoma in tattoos are ...
Goh Pyt - - 2006
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a well-established local therapy for hepatic malignancies. It is rapidly emerging as an effective treatment modality for small lesions elsewhere in the body, in particular, the kidney and the lung. It is a relatively safe and minimally invasive treatment for small lung malignancies, both primary and ...
Chung Hak Sung - - 2006
We report a case of conjunctival inflammation secondary to a retained suture masquerading as a neoplastic lesion. Excisional biopsy was performed in the right eye on a superior bulbar conjunctival lesion that appeared to be a conjunctival malignancy. A past history of ptosis surgery was obtained. Careful repeated examination with ...
Batsis J A - - 2006
We report a 75-year-old female patient with a background of malignant melanoma who presented with hypercalcaemia to our institution. She was aggressively treated but declined clinically. Computed tomography head and X-ray studies were suggestive of multiple myeloma, but bone marrow examination was significant for metastatic malignant melanoma. Very few patients ...
Meleti Marco - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia (PEH), a histological mimic of squamous cell carcinoma, is an exuberant reactive epithelial proliferation that may be induced by a variety of infectious, traumatic, inflammatory and neoplastic conditions of the skin and mucous membranes. PEH has been described in association with Spitz nevi and intramucosal nevi but ...
Yi Na-young - - 2006
A mongrel male dog of three years old was referred to the Seoul National University Veterinary Teaching Hospital following a one month history of glaucoma. On ophthalmic examination, hyphema, glaucoma, uveitis, iridal mass, and loss of vision were noted in the right eye. Ultrasonography and computed tomography revealed a mass ...
Korabiowska Monika - - 2006
The mutations of MLH1 and MSH2 have been reported to be responsible for malignant transformation and tumour progression in several sporadic tumours. Eighty-six primary malignant melanomas with known follow-up were investigated. Point mutations of DNA mismatch repair MLH1 and MSH2 in malignant melanomas were not found. Exon 12 (MSH2) was ...
Crowson A Neil - - 2006
Of the major issues that dermatopathology will face in the immediate future, two powerful challenges loom large. The first is the application of novel nondestructive imaging technologies to in vivo diagnosis in humans. The second is the application of molecular technologies to a diagnostic arena which formerly belonged exclusively to ...
Webb Jill B - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: This study was designed to: (i) determine if the priority of referral letters by general practitioners to a plastic surgery skin lesion clinic adhered to the national guidelines, what happened to these patients, and what was the histological diagnosis; and (ii) analyse whether the prognosis at diagnosis of malignant ...
Featherstone Jonathan M - - 2006
Phimosis of the foreskin secondary to radiotherapy for a pelvic malignancy has not been previously described in the world literature. However, as radiotherapy is ever more widely used in the treatment of various pelvic malignancies, it is important to ensure that this complication is prevented by the use of appropriate ...
Song Wang B S BS Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., New Jersey Inst. of Technol., Newark, NJ 07032, USA. - - 2006
Malignant melanoma is one of the most fatal forms of skin cancer. There are two significant signs indicating malignancy of a melanoma, that is, abnormal melanin distribution in dermis layer and a peripheral blood net. We developed a multi-spectral optical Nevoscope aimed to diagnosing malignant melanoma non-invasively. An algorithm is ...
Gottschaller Christina - - 2006
A 64-year-old woman with a clinically diagnosed 'lentigo simplex' on her right cheek was dermatologically treated several times with a CO2 laser. Three years later she showed a metastasis of a malignant melanoma in her right parotid gland. Considering this case, as well as other published cases reporting malignant melanomas ...
Narayan H - - 2005
Osteolytic lesions are rare in chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) and thought to result from Richter's transformation or metastatic disease from nonlymphoid malignancies. We report a patient who presented with a large femoral metastatic lesion and hypercalcaemia caused by CLL itself. Complete remission of CLL with resolution of the osteolytic lesion ...
Mark H K - - 2005
Initial presentation of a malignant disease as recurrent attacks of lower limb ischaemia due to emboli from a mural thrombus in the descending thoracic aorta is extremely rare. A diagnosis of malignancy may thus easily be overlooked. Recent advances in imaging technology have made the diagnosis of thoracic aortic mural ...
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